Anticorruption and Central Inspection System

在文檔中 習近平「打虎」:反貪抑或肅敵? - 政大學術集成 (頁 91-111)

Chapter 5: Conclusion

5.2. Limitations and Future Research

5.2.3. Anticorruption and Central Inspection System

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Beyond colleagueship, factional groups may be constructed based on other types of relations. Victor Shih (2004) uses shared backgrounds of family origin and university education as well as colleagueship to operationalize the definition of factional tie.

Cheng Li identifies cadre groups by their schoolmate relationship in university (1994) and by their shared family origin (2004). Zhiyue Bo (2006) and Cheng Li (2013) study CCP cadres who are “princelings” (太子黨, taizi dang), offsprings of the founding fathers of CCP regime, and take them as a possible factional group.

Chien-wen Kou (2001; 2007) analyzes the cadres who have worked in CCYL, and Wei Li and Lucian Pye (1992) look into cadres who are former secretaries to high-ranking leaders. Future studies on senior corrupt cadres may diagram a multidimensional network using social relations besides colleagueship as the basis of factional ties.

5.2.3. Anticorruption and Central Inspection System

CCDI is not the sole party organ with authority in the realm of disciplinary inspection.

Ever since Xi Jinping came into power, the Central Leading Group for Inspection Work (CLGIW) has grown into an ever more prominent addition to CCDI. In 2003, CCDI and Central Organization Department jointly founded the Central Inspection Office. In 2009, CLGIW was founded in place of the former office as a state-level coordinating institution. After Xi assumed office, Wang Qishan, Xi’s most trusted ally in the Standing Committee of Politburo, took charge of CCDI as well as CLGIW.

(Hou, 2015) By March 2015, CLGIW had launched 6 rounds of all-encompassing central inspection in May 2013, October 2013, March 2014, July 2014, November 2014 and February 2015. The Central Inspection Teams in these 6 rounds covered all 31 provinces plus XPCC, 11 organs under the State Council, 2 mass organizations and 40 SOEs.

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It has been confirmed that Central Inspection Teams are the first to discover a considerable number of tiger cases. For instance, Liao Shaohua (廖少華) from Guizhou Province, Guo Youming and Chen Baihuai (陳柏槐) from Hubei Province, Chen Anzhong and Yao Mugen from Jiangxi Province, and Chen Tiexin (陳鐵新) from Liaoning Province all got their corruption exposed when Central Inspection Teams went down to their provinces. (S. Wang, 2014b; Fan, 2014; “Zhongjiwei shou”, 2014) Future research may go deeper into the mechanisms of Central Inspection System, especially the timing of CLGIW dispatching its teams down. If we are able to establish a temporal correlation between central inspection and Xi Jinping’s tiger hunt and find out what role exactly the Central Inspection Teams play, we will be in a better position to explain the temporal distribution of tigers, especially the mechanisms of its climax and “timeout”.

5.3. Summary

We conclude this thesis by presenting the overall results and explaining them in our analytical framework. Xi Jinping’s tiger hunt is more than a power struggle as a great many senior cadres are taken down from across the party-state without clear factional reasons. As a new autocrat, Xi Jinping needs to consolidate his institutional powers before he carries out anticorruption. The anticorruption campaign does serve Xi’s greater agenda: it brings about a forbidding climate that deters possible resistance of party elites so that Xi can break the cage of post-Deng power-sharing arrangements and steer the regime toward major reforms.

This thesis is limited in various aspects. Future research may include all cadres at or above vice-provincial level in the network rather than tigers only. It is advisable to construct a weighted network or multidimensional network in subsequent research.

Lastly, it might be helpful to look into the Central Inspection System and put the

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mechanisms of central inspection into our framework of anticorruption politics.

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在文檔中 習近平「打虎」:反貪抑或肅敵? - 政大學術集成 (頁 91-111)