國民中小學學校行政人員研究所在職進修成效評鑑之研究 : Kirkpatrick 評估模式之應用

全文

(1)

˪㔁做埴㓧冯姽揹⬠↲˫ 2010 ⸜ 12 㚰炻䫔⋩㛇炻枩 1-26

୽ҕϛωᏰᏰਮ՗ࢇΡষंـܚӵᙛ໌ওԙ

ਝຟᠦϞंـȈŌŪųŬűŢŵųŪŤŬ ຟե዁ԒϞᔖҢġ

哉忚晬ġ

ᄢ ौ

ᶨ凔侴妨炻⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ᷳ➡做ㆾ⮰㤕䘤⯽ㅱ娚↮䁢借⇵ˣ⮶ℍˣ⛐借ᶱ昶㭝炻℞ ᷕ⛐借忚ᾖ㗗Ὣ忚⮰㤕䘤⯽ᶵ⎗ㆾ仢䘬ᶨ䑘炻⚈㬌㛔䞼䨞⍫惴 Kirkpatrick 䘬姽Ộ㧉 ⺷炻䴻䓙䃎溆⛀橼姒婯ˣ⮰⭞㓰⹎⍲㬋⺷⓷⌟婧㞍炻⺢㥳↢⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠㔁做埴㓧Ṣ ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳ㥳朊炻⊭㊔⍵ㅱⰌ㫉ȹ婚䦳㔁⬠㺧シ⹎ˣ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉ȹᾳṢ ㇵ傥⡆忚㓡嬲ˣ埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉ȹⶍἄㅱ䓐冯届䌣䫱ᶱᾳ㥳朊炻䞼䨞䘤䎦㬠䲵⤪ᶳ烉 1. 㔜橼侴妨炻⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰列⤥炻⍵ㅱⰌ㫉⌛婚䦳 㔁⬠㺧シ⹎⛐Ḽ溆慷堐⸛⛯⼿↮䁢 4.25炻⬠佺Ⰼ㫉⌛ᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚㓡嬲ね⼊䁢 4.30炻 埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉⌛ⶍἄㅱ䓐届䌣䦳⹎䁢 4.17烊2. ⛐側㘗嬲枭㕡朊炻ᶵ⎴⿏⇍ˣ⸜漉ˣ 忚ᾖ䎕⇍ˣ⯙嬨⸜䳂⍲㔁做昶㭝ᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉㕤䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽Ộᶲ᷎䃉 栗叿ⶖ䔘炻ᶵ⎴借⊁ᷳ⛐⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉㕤䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽Ộᶲ㚱悐↮栗叿ⶖ 䔘烊3. ⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉ˣ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉冯埴䁢 ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉ᶱ侭攻㚱栗叿㬋䚠斄ˤ 斄挝娆烉⛐借忚ᾖˣKirkpatrick 姽Ộ㧉⺷ ____________________ 哉忚晬烉庼ṩ⣏⬠㔁做柀⮶冯䘤⯽䞼䨞㇨∗㔁㌰ℤ㇨攟 暣⫸悝ẞ烉054308@mail.fju.edu.tw 㓞ẞ㖍㛇烉2010.07.09烊ᾖ㓡㖍㛇烉2010.10.13烊㍍⍿㖍㛇烉2010.12.10 姣烉㬌䭯㔯䪈㓡⮓冒庼ṩ⣏⬠㟉ℏ䞼䨞⮰㟰墄≑ġ

(2)

Journal of Educational Administration and Evaluation December, 2010, Vol. 10, pp. 1-26

A Study of Evaluation of Inservice Education

of School Administrators in Graduate School:

The Application of Kirkpatrick’s Evaluation

Model

Chin-Hsiung Tsai

Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to construct a questionnaire on evaluating inservice education of school administrators in graduate school. In addition, the study tries to investigate the condition of the insevice education of school administrators in graduate school. According to the result of focus interview, opinion of expert, and the questionnaire survey, the study establishes the validity of this questionnaire by evaluating the inservice education of school administrators in graduate school. The questionnaire is based on Kirkpatrick’s four-level evaluation model. Finally, the study provides some suggestions improving the inservice education of school administrators in the Taiwan area according to Kirkpatrick’s evaluation model.

Keywords: inservice education, Kirkpatrick’s four-level evaluation model

____________________

Chin-Hsiung Tsai: Associate Professor & Chairman/Graduate Institute of Educational Leadership & Development, Fu Jen Catholic University

E-mail: 054308@mail.fju.edu.tw

(3)

൦ȃᆱ፣ġ

Ιȃंـଢ଼ᐠᇄҬޟġġ

䁢Ḯ㍸⋯㔁做⑩岒炻㔁做悐ㆾ⎬䷋ⶪ㔁做⯨嗽悥䧵㤝㈽ℍ䴻屣冯屯㸸炻㍐≽⮎ 㕥㔁做ⶍἄṢ⒉䘬⛐借忚ᾖ炻ᶨ凔侴妨炻⚳㮹⮷⬠㚱忙ᶱᶳ⋰䘬㟉ℏ忚ᾖ㳣≽炻⚳ 㮹ᷕ⬠ḇ悥㚫⚢⭂⬱㌺㗪攻忚埴㟉ℏ㔁ⷓ忚ᾖ⍲䞼佺炻㬌⢾⬠㟉㔁ⷓḇ⎗军㟉⢾忚 埴℟㚱⬠↮⬠ỵ䘬䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖˤ䃞侴㔁ⷓ㕤䞼䨞㇨忚ᾖ䞼佺⼴炻⮵℞㇨⬠佺䘬 婚䦳ℏ⭡㗗⏎㺧シˣ㗗⏎傥⮯㇨⬠ㅱ䓐⛐埴㓧ㆾ㔁⬠ᷳᶲ炻㗗ῤ⼿㶙ℍ㍊妶䘬嬘柴ˤ

伶⚳妻䶜䘤⯽⬠㚫炷American Society for Training & Development, ASTD炸⛐ 1998 ⸜ 5 㚰䘬ℐ⚳Ṣ≃屯㸸⟙⏲炷National Report on Human Resource炸㊯↢炻䛦⣂䘬伶⚳ 䳬䷼㍉䓐 Kirkpatrick 䘬⚃Ⰼ㫉姽揹㸾⇯炻⚈䁢䯉╖㖻ㅪ炻ḇ㗗㚨ⷠ塓㍐ⲯ⺽䓐䘬㧉 ⺷ˤKirkpatrick 娵䁢➡做ㆸ㓰姽揹㭷ᾳⰌ㫉悥⼰慵天炻⽆ᶨⰌ㫉⇘ᶳᶨⰌ㫉ᷳ忶䦳 グ㗗⚘暋ˣ屣㗪炻Ữ傥㍸ὃ㚜檀₡ῤ䘬屯妲炷⏛䑲㱣炻2006烉45炸ˤ⮵㕤 Kirkpatrick 䘬㔁做妻䶜ㆸ㓰姽揹炻ㆾ姙㗗㔁做䞼䨞侭庫⮹斄㲐䘬ᶨᾳ柀➇炻Ữ⌣⛐Ṣ≃屯㸸䘤 ⯽冯妻䶜柀➇䓇㟡助⢗攟忼㔠⋩⸜ᷳᷭ炻ᷣ天䘬⚈䳈⛐㕤忁ᾳ㧉⺷䘬䯉╖ˣⰌ㫉䘬 ⎗↮√⿏炻ẍ⍲ἧ䓐⭡㖻炷㚦㵹よ炻2004烉263烊Kirkpatrick, 1996炸ˤ㚱斄 Kirkpatrick 姽 Ộ 㧉 ⺷ ᷳ 㔯 䌣 ㍊ 妶 枿 ⣂ 炷 Alliger & Janak, 1989; Dyer, 1994; Holton, 1996; Kirkpatrick, 1996; Kirkpatrick & Kirkpatrick, 2006; Plant & Ryan, 1994炸炻Kirkpatrick 䘬 姽Ộ㧉⺷⛐ẩ㤕妻䶜ḇ⶚⺋㲃塓ㅱ䓐Ἦ㍊妶➡妻䘬ㆸ㓰炷㰇䏔䐄炻1999烊昛㖶春炻 2001烊⬓㛔⇅ˣ㣲⭞婈炻2003烊昛所啘ˣ䌳㾭⨟炻2006烊䚏ẚ㸀炻2003烊㇜㵹⩃炻 2001炸ˤ㛶昮䚃炷2008炸ḇ娵䁢㈨⮰㟉昊攳姕䘬㔁做妻䶜䎕Ṏ⎗怑䓐 Kirkpatrick 䘬姽 Ộ㧉⺷炻Ữ㔁做埴㓧⬠埻䞼䨞⮵㕤 Kirkpatrick ㆸ㓰姽揹㧉⺷ᷳ㍊妶⇯庫䁢仢᷷炻⚈ 㬌䞼䨞侭㒔▿娎忳䓐㬌ᶨ姽Ộ㧉⺷炻㍊䨞㔁做埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳね⼊ˤ ⮵㕤㔁做埴㓧Ṣ⒉ㆾ㟉攟䘬➡做婚䦳夷∫ˣ㔁⬠㕡⺷⍲➡做⇞⹎⶚㚱䛦⣂ᷳ㔯 䌣⍲䞼䨞炷䌳渿暚炻2000烊㜿㔯⼳炻1999烊㜿㖶⛘炻2004烊㣲㋗㖯炻2001烊哉忚晬炻 2005烊Kerrins & Cushing, 2003: 15炸炻Ữ憅⮵⬠㟉⍲㔁做埴㓧Ṣ⒉➡做ㆾ⛐借忚ᾖᷳ ⼴䘬ㆸ㝄姽Ộ⌣庫⮹≈ẍ㍊妶炻Ṏ⌛⛐➡做ˬ⼴䪗˭ᷳ忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽Ộ庫⮹塓㍊妶炻 婈⤪ Cowie 冯 Crawford炷2008炸㚦㊯↢㚱斄㟉攟➡做䘬䞼䨞⣏悥倂䃎㕤婚䦳ᷳ姕妰ˣ 䘤⯽冯⮎㕥炻Ữ庫⮹䞼䨞➡做婚䦳⮵㟉攟⯙ả⼴埴䁢堐䎦䘬⼙枧ˤ侴⮵㕤㟉攟➡做 ⍲忚ᾖᷳ㔁⬠ㆸ㓰姽揹炻昌Ḯ⎗⽆㔁做䓴䅇〱ᷳ娵䞍ˣねシ⍲㈨傥䫱ᶱ㕡朊忚埴姽 Ộ⢾炻Kirkpatrick 䘬姽Ộ㧉⺷Ṏ䚠䔞怑䓐㕤姽揹㟉攟⮰㤕䘤⯽ᷳ㔁⬠ㆸ㓰炻ῤ⼿㟉

(4)

攟➡做㨇㥳㍉䓐炷哉忚晬炻2009烉81炸ˤ ᶨ凔侴妨炻⬠㟉⍲㔁做埴㓧Ṣ⒉ᷳ➡做ㆾ⮰㤕䘤⯽ㅱ娚↮䁢借⇵ˣ⮶ℍˣ⛐借 ᶱ昶㭝炻℞ᷕ⛐借忚ᾖ㗗Ὣ忚⮰㤕䘤⯽ᶵ⎗ㆾ仢䘬ᶨ䑘ˤ➢㕤ᶲ徘炻㛔䞼䨞䘬䚖䘬 冂↿⤪ᶳ烉炷ᶨ炸⍫惴 Kirkpatrick 䘬姽Ộ㧉⺷炻⺢㥳⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ㆸ㓰姽Ộ慷 堐ˤ炷Ḵ炸㍊妶⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰䘬䎦㱩ˤ炷ᶱ炸↮㜸ᶵ⎴側㘗嬲枭 ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳⶖ䔘ね⼊ˤ炷⚃炸㍊䨞 Kirkpatrick 姽Ộ㧉⺷ᷳ⍵ ㅱⰌ㫉ˣ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉冯埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉ᶱ侭䘬斄Ὢˤ炷Ḽ炸㚨⼴ὅ䞼䨞䳸㝄㍸↢⺢嬘炻ẍ ὃ㔁做䚠斄╖ỵᷳ⍫侫ˤ

Πȃ१ौӪຠ၌ភġ

ġ ġ ġ ġ

憅⮵㛔䞼䨞ᷳ慵天⎵娆妋慳⤪ᶳ烉 炷ᶨ炸⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉烉㛔䞼䨞㇨㊯䘬⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉Ὢ㊯⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠㟉攟ˣ㔁ⷓℤᷣ ả⍲㔁ⷓℤ䳬攟ˤ 炷Ḵ炸䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖ烉㊯⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ẍ⛐借幓ấ㕤⚳ℏ㔁做埴㓧栆 䚠斄䞼䨞㇨忚ᾖ䡑⢓⬠ỵ婚䦳ˤ 炷ᶱ炸忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽揹烉㛔䞼䨞㍉䓐 Kirkpatrick 姽Ộ㧉⺷ᷳℏ㵝᷎⍫惴⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⮎ ⊁ね㱩炻⮯⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽揹↮䁢ˬ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉--婚䦳㔁⬠㺧シ˭ˣˬ⬠ 佺Ⰼ㫉--ᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚㓡嬲˭⍲ˬ埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉--ⶍἄㅱ䓐冯届䌣˭䫱ᶱᾳⰌ 朊ˤ⍿娎侭⛐⓷⌟炷⤪旬抬ᶨ炸⼿↮グ檀炻堐䣢⮵忚ᾖㆸ㓰䞍奢グἛˤℵ侭炻 㛔䞼䨞⮯姽Ộ冯姽揹ℑᾳ⎵娆夾䁢⎴佑娆ṌḺἧ䓐ˤ

ຯȃМᝦ௤ଆġ

㔯䌣㍊妶悐↮椾⃰↮㜸姽揹䘬シ㵝炻℞㫉斉㖶⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳ姽 揹炻ᷳ⼴斉徘 Kirkpatrick 䘬⚃Ⰼ㫉姽Ộ㧉⺷⍲℞䚠斄䞼䨞炻㚨⼴᷎姽㜸 Kirkpatrick 䘬⚃Ⰼ㫉姽Ộ㧉⺷ˤ

Ιȃຟᠦޟཎొġ

伶 ⚳ ˬ 㔁 做 姽 揹 㧁 㸾 倗 ⎰ ⥼ ⒉ 㚫 ˭炷 the Joint Committee on Standards for Evaluation炸㇨㍉䓐䘬姽揹⭂佑㗗烉姽揹ᷫ㗗㚱䲣䴙䘬姽Ộ㝸ᶨ⮵尉䘬₡ῤㆾ⃒溆炷湫

(5)

⃱晬䶐嬗炻1989烉3-4烊Stufflebeam & Shinkfield, 1985炸ˤ湫㓧‹炷1990烉24炸昛徘姽 揹㗗㍉䓐⎬䧖ⶍ℟炷⏓慷䘬␴岒䘬炸㏄普屯㕁炻ẍ⇌㕟㝸ḳ䈑₡ῤ䘬忶䦳ˤ㫸㹬␴ 炷2002烉4~5炸⇯㊯↢姽揹㗗㊯⮯㷔槿ㆾ奨⮇䳸㝄冯ὅ䎮゛姕⭂䘬㧁㸾䚠㭼庫炻᷎⇌ 㕟℞攻䘬ⶖ嶅ᷳ⼴炻岎冯₡ῤ⇌㕟炻⚈㬌姽揹㗗⛐㷔慷ᷳ⼴炻侴ᶼ㗗⎰ἝḮ℞Ṿ䘬 妲〗炷䈡⇍㗗岒䘬㍷徘炸ᷳ⼴炻⮵℞慵天⿏ㆾ㇨㫚⿏㇨ᶳ䘬₡ῤ⇌㕟ˤ 䵄⎰ᶲ徘炻姽揹⎗⭂佑䁢烉Ὢ㊯德忶⎬䧖㕡㱽炻⊭㊔慷冯岒䘬㕡⺷炻㚱䲣䴙⛘ 吸普姽揹⮵尉䘬䚠斄屯㕁ㆾ屯妲ᷳ⼴炻忚埴₡ῤ⇌㕟炻ẍἄ䁢㰢⭂ㆾ㓡忚䘬慵天⍫ 侫ㆾὅ㒂ˤ勚⮯㬌ᶨ⭂佑忚ᶨ㬍斉徘⤪ᶳ炷哉忚晬炻2008炸烉 炷ᶨ炸姽揹䘬㕡㱽烉姽揹㗗德忶⎬䧖㕡㱽炻Ṏ⌛㗗⣂⃫侴朆╖ᶨ䘬㕡㱽炻⊭㊔忳䓐 慷⊾冯岒⿏ᷳ㕡㱽㇨吸普䘬屯㕁ˤ 炷Ḵ炸⮵姽揹⮵尉䘬₡ῤ⇌㕟烉㚱䲣䴙⛘吸普屯㕁ᷳ⼴炻天⮵姽揹⮵尉㗗⤥ㆾ⢆炻 㗗⃒ㆾ≋炻忚埴₡ῤ⇌㕟ˤ 炷ᶱ炸姽揹䘬䚖䘬烉姽揹䘬ᷣ天䚖䘬㚱ℑ䧖炻℞ᶨ㗗ἄ䁢䚠斄㰢⭂䘬ὅ㒂炻ἳ⤪㔁 ⷓ䘬侫㟠炻℞Ḵ㗗ἄ䁢㓡忚䘬⍫侫ˤἄ䁢㰢⭂䘬ὅ㒂㗗Ⱄ㕤姽揹䳸㝄忳䓐䘬 ˬ䠔⿏朊˭炻侴ἄ䁢㓡忚⍫侫㗗Ⱄ㕤姽揹䳸㝄忳䓐䘬ˬ㝼⿏朊˭ˤ㚱⬠侭ᷣ⻝ ˬ姽揹䘬䚖䘬ᶵ⛐㕤嫱㖶侴⛐㕤㓡忚˭炷Stufflebeam et al., 1971炸炻℞㇨⻟婧䘬 㗗姽揹䳸㝄忳䓐䘬㝼⿏朊ˤ

Πȃӵᙛ໌ওԙਝຟᠦޟཎొġ

! !

ᶨ凔侴妨炻妻䶜㚱⚃ᾳᷣ天䘬㓧䫾炻⊭㊔妻䶜暨㯪ˣ妻䶜夷∫姕妰ˣ妻䶜埴㓧 冯妻䶜姽Ộ炷㜿㔯㓧炻2006烉12炸ˤ⽆ 1980 ⸜ẋẍ⼴炻妻䶜姽Ộ⯙ᶵ㕟⛘⛐⡆≈炻 侴忁㧋䘬㓡嬲ᷣ天䘬⍇⚈⛐㕤⒉ⶍᾳ橼䘬屔ả⡆≈炻⚈䁢䭉䎮昶Ⰼⶴ㛃䚳⇘妻䶜悐 攨傥Ὣ忚⒉ⶍ忼⇘䳬䷼➢㛔䘬天㯪炷㛙よ䏜嬗炻2008烉369炸ˤ⚈㬌炻䁢Ḯ忼ㆸ➡妻 䚖㧁炻ẍ㒜⣏➡妻䘬ㆸ㓰炻➡妻䘬㳣≽天晐㗪 姽Ộ炷㳒㥖㗕炻2006烉287炸ˤ➡妻 ㆸ㓰䘬姽Ộ㗗➡妻䭉䎮⼰慵天䘬ᶨ䑘炻䴻䓙姽Ộ⎗ẍℵ䡢娵➡妻䘬䚖㧁炻᷎㒂ẍ㒔 ⭂妰䔓≈ẍ➟埴炻㥳ㆸᶵ㕟䘬➡妻䑘炷training cycle炸炷 㛶ⲯ岊炻2001烉207炸ˤ忚ᶨ 㬍侴妨炻姽揹➡妻ㆸ㓰䘬䚖䘬⛐㕤㚱䲣䴙⛘⼿䞍➡妻㳣≽䘬䷦㓰堐䎦炻䝕妋⎬䧖➡ 妻䘬ᾳ⇍ⶖ䔘冯⃒≋炻᷎䌚⼿➡妻㳣≽冯㇨姕⭂䘬䚖㧁㗗⏎㚱ⶖ䔘炻⎎⢾炻姽揹䳸 㝄⎗ẍἄ䁢➡妻㰢䫾ᷳὅ㒂冯⍫侫炷⏛䑲㱣炻2006烉44炸ˤ Kirkpatrick 冯 Kirkpatrick炷2006烉17炸昛徘妻䶜姽揹䘬ᶱᾳ䎮䓙㗗烉炷ᶨ炸䡢娵 妻䶜枸䬿㗗⏎傥Ὣ忚䳬䷼䚖㧁烊炷Ḵ炸㰢⭂㗗⏎天两临ㆾᷕ㕟妻䶜妰䔓烊炷ᶱ炸䌚⼿ 屯妲ẍ㓡┬㛒Ἦ䘬妻䶜婚䦳ˤGoldstein ḇ娵䁢妻䶜姽揹㗗憅⮵䈡⭂䘬妻䶜妰∫炻䲣

(6)

䴙⛘吸普屯㕁炻᷎䴎Ḱ怑䔞䘬姽₡炻ἄ䁢䮑怠ˣ㍉䓐ˣㆾᾖ㓡妻䶜妰䔓䫱㰢䫾⇌㕟 䘬➢䢶炷䯉⺢⾈炻1994烉3炸ˤNoe Ṏ㊯↢妻䶜姽ỘὪ吸普⎬䧖妻䶜ㆸ㝄ẍ㰢⭂⒉ⶍ 妻䶜㗗⏎㚱㓰䘬忶䦳炷䯉屆䌱嬗炻2008烉251炸ˤ惕㗱㖴ˣ⏛䣱漵炷2006烉17炸堐䣢 ㇨媪妻䶜ㆸ㓰姽Ộ㗗德忶ᶵ⎴㷔慷ⶍ℟炻Ἦ姽慷妻䶜䚖㧁䘬忼ㆸ⹎炻᷎㒂㬌⇌㕟妻 䶜㚱㓰冯⏎炻ẍ㍸ὃ㛒Ἦ冱彎栆Ụ妻䶜䘬⍫侫ˤ㎃妨ᷳ炻➡妻ㆸ㓰姽揹䘬ᷣ天䚖䘬 ᷫ憅⮵➡妻妰䔓忚埴㩊㞍冯姽Ộ炻℞慵天⿏冯➡妻妰䔓䚠䔞炻⚈㬌➡做ㆸ㓰姽揹⭄ ↿ℍ➡妻妰䔓䘬ᶨ䑘炻➡妻姽揹慵夾忶䦳ḇ慵夾䳸㝄炻侴㚨䳪䚖䘬㗗䁢Ḯ㓡┬➡妻 妰䔓炻㍸⋯䳬䷼䷦㓰炷嫅㵹䍚ˣ昛㰩⿉炻2006烉177炸ˤ 䵄⎰ᶲ徘炻⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽揹⎗⭂佑䁢Ὢ㊯德忶㚱䲣䴙䘬屯㕁吸普炻ẍ䝕妋⛐ 借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳ忼ㆸね⼊炻᷎ἄ䁢㓡忚⛐借忚ᾖᷳ⍫侫ˤ⚈㬌炻⏦Ṣ⛐⮎㕥㔁做埴㓧 Ṣ⒉⮰㤕䘤⯽ᷳ㔁⬠㗪炻Ṏㅱ㚱䲣䴙䘬吸普⎬䧖屯㕁炻ἳ⤪⬠佺侭⮵婚䦳㔁⬠䘬⍵ ㅱ⍲⎬䧖堐䎦炻ẍ㓡┬㔁ⷓᷳ㔁⬠᷎⡆忚⬠佺侭ᷳ⬠佺ㆸ㓰ˤ

έȃKirkpatrick ޟѲቹԩຟե዁Ԓġ

⛐䛦⣂䘬㔁做妻䶜ㆸ㓰姽Ộ㧉⺷ᷕ炻Kirkpatrick 䘬㧉⺷ῤ⼿⏦Ṣ⛐忚埴㔁做⍲ ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ᷳ➡做ㆸ㓰姽揹䘬⍫侫ˤẍᶳ斉徘℞ℏ⭡炷ᶩ⽿怈炻2009烊⏛䑲㱣炻 2006烊⻝ṩ⭞炻2005烊嫅㵹䍚ˣ昛㰩⿉炻2006烊Kirkpatrick & Kirkpatrick, 2006炸

炷ᶨ炸姽揹㸾⇯ᶨ烉⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 㬌Ⰼ㫉㗗㚨⭡㖻ᶼ㚨ⷠ忳䓐䘬㕡⺷炻㇨媪⍵ㅱ㗗⍿妻侭⮵嫃ⷓˣ㔁㛸ˣ㔁㱽ˣ 婚䦳⍲℞Ṿ⎬㕡朊⬱㌺ᷳデ⍿⍲㺧シ⹎ˤ 炷Ḵ炸姽揹㸾⇯Ḵ烉⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 㬌Ⰼ㫉⛐㕤姽揹⍿妻侭⛐䞍嬀ˣ㈨傥ˣン⹎ᷳ䎮妋冯䌚⼿ᷳ䦳⹎炻Ṏ⌛⍿妻侭 㗗⏎㚱⬠佺⇘㔁做妻䶜㇨嫃㌰䘬婚䦳ℏ⭡ˤ 炷ᶱ炸姽揹㸾⇯ᶱ烉埴䁢Ⰼ㫉 埴䁢Ⰼ㫉ᷣ天⛐㕤堉慷⍿妻侭⮯㇨⬠⇘䘬䞍嬀冯㈨傥ㅱ䓐⛐ⶍἄᶲ䘬䦳⹎炻ḇ ⯙㗗婒炻↮㜸⍿妻侭⮯⬠佺㇨⼿廱䦣军⮎⊁ⶍἄ䘬ね㱩ˤ 炷⚃炸姽揹㸾⇯⚃烉ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉 㬌Ⰼ㫉⛐㕤䝕妋⍿妻侭⚆军⮎晃ⶍἄⲿỵ⼴炻⮵䳬䷼䴻䆇䷦㓰䘬℟橼届䌣炻Ṏ

(7)

⌛堉慷⍿妻侭埴䁢ᶲ䘬㓡嬲⮵䳬䷼ⷞἮ䘬⇑䙲ˤ 借㬌ᷳ㓭炻⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉➡做䚠斄⣏⬠䲣㇨⍲㨇斄㇨㍸ὃ䘬➡妻炻椾⃰ㅱ娚嬻 ⍫≈➡妻⍲⛐借忚ᾖ䘬⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉傥㺧シ℞婚䦳㔁⬠ˣ䨢攻姕⁁䫱炻㍉䓐⓷⌟婧 㞍⎗䝕妋㬌㕡朊䘬ㆸ㓰烊℞㫉炻⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ḇ傥⬠佺⍲䎮妋㇨㔁⮶䘬婚䦳ℏ⭡炻 ℞姽Ộ㕡⺷⎗㍉䓐䫮娎ㆾ朊婯䫱烊䫔ᶱ炻⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐埴䁢ᶲ傥㚱㇨㓡嬲炻忁㕡 朊䘬姽Ộ㕡⺷⎗㍉奨⮇㱽ㆾ姒婯烊䫔⚃炻⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ᷳ忚ᾖㆾ➡做㚨慵天䘬䚖䘬 㗗䴻䓙➡做ㆾ忚ᾖ䞼佺ᷳ⼴炻⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉傥⮵⬠㟉ㆾ⮎⊁ⶍἄᶲ㚱㚜⣂䘬届䌣炻 Ṏ⌛➡做婚䦳冯㔁做ㆸ㓰䚠䳸⎰炻℞姽Ộ䘬㕡⺷炻⎗䴻䓙ᷣ䭉姒婯ˣ⎴₽姒婯⍲⇑ ⭛斄ὪṢ姒婯忚埴䝕妋ˤ㖻妨ᷳ炻⏦Ṣ㛇⼭㔁做埴㓧Ṣ⒉䴻䓙➡妻炻傥⽆ᾳṢ㓡嬲 廱忚侴Ὣἧ䳬䷼㓡嬲ˤ勚⮯ Kirkpatrick 䘬⚃Ⰼ㫉姽Ộ㧉⺷⛐⬠㟉⍲㔁做埴㓧Ṣ⒉➡ 做ㆸ㓰ᷳㅱ䓐炻㬠䲵⤪堐 1ˤ 堐 1 Kirkpatrick ⚃Ⰼ㫉姽Ộ㧉⺷⛐㔁做⍲⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉➡做ㆸ㓰䘬ㅱ䓐 Ⰼ㫉 Ⰼ㫉㥳朊 㔁做妻䶜ㆸ㓰姽Ộ䘬䃎溆 姽Ộ㕡⺷ 4 ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉 炷result level炸 㔁做⍲⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⮵㕤⬠㟉 ㆾ䳬䷼㚱℟橼䘬届䌣 姒婯ˣ䷦㓰姽Ộ 3 埴䁢Ⰼ㫉 炷behavior level炸 㔁做⍲⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐ⶍἄᶲ 䘬埴䁢㓡嬲 奨⮇ˣ姒婯 2 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 炷learning level炸 㔁做⍲⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⏠㓞⇘䘬 䞍嬀ˣ㈨傥ˣン⹎冯埴䁢 䫮娎ˣ⮎ἄˣ朊婯ㆾ奨⮇ 1 ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 炷reaction level炸 㔁做⍲⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⮵婚䦳ˣ 㔁⬠⍲姕⁁䘬㺧シ䦳⹎ ⓷⌟婧㞍 屯㕁Ἦ㸸烉ᾖ㓡冒⻝ṩ⭞炻2005烉207 㬌⢾炻⮵㕤ᶲ徘⎬Ⰼ㫉䘬斄㲐ḇ㚫⚈⮵尉侴䔘炻嫃ⷓ⮵⇵ᶱᾳ昶㭝㚱冰嵋炻侴 妻䶜悐攨⮵㇨㚱Ⰼ䳂䘬↮㜸悥㚫斄㲐炻⬠⒉䘬ᷣ䭉⍲檀Ⰼ䭉䎮侭⇯庫ᶵ斄⽫⍵ㅱⰌ 㫉⍲⬠佺Ⰼ㫉炻ṾᾹ㭼庫斄⽫䫔⚃ᾳ䳸㝄Ⰼ㫉炷㛙よ䏜嬗炻2008烉396炸ˤ

ѲȃKirkpatrick ຟե዁ԒϞࣺᜰंـ

⬇῱所炷2000炸⮵⚳㮹⮷⬠⍲埴㓧Ṣ⒉⮎㕥⓷⌟婧㞍炻㍊妶㔁ⷓ⮵⛐借忚ᾖ䘬 㺧シ⹎ˣẍ⍲⮵㔁⬠ン⹎ˣ㔁⬠䷦㓰␴㟉⊁忳ἄ⼙枧䘬シ夳炻䞼䨞栗䣢㔁ⷓ⍫冯⛐

(8)

借忚ᾖ㳣≽㔜橼ㆸ㓰⯂⤥ˤ∱㵹剔ˣ櫷よ⧇炷2007炸ẍ Kirkpatrick 㧉⺷䁢➢䢶炻䝕 妋⮎⊁ⶍἄ侭䘬ㅱ䓐ね⼊炻⛐℞ᾳ㟰䞼䨞ᷕ䘤䎦⍿姒侭娵䁢ˬ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉˭㗗㚨➢㛔 䘬Ⰼ㫉炻ḇ㗗ᶵ⎗ㆾ仢䘬炻⚈䁢⍿姒侭娵䁢⤪㝄ᶵ㺧シ妻䶜婚䦳炻⣏㤪ḇᶵ㚫㚱⼴ 朊ᶱⰌ䘬㓰㝄ˤ 匲ᶾ㜘ˣ㣲ṩ⢥冯湫ὲ䤍炷2002炸ẍᷕ厗暣ᾉ妻䶜㇨⍲ᷕ⚳䓇䓊≃ᷕ⽫⍿妻⬠ ⒉䁢㧋㛔炻䞼䨞䳸㝄䁢烉炷ᶨ炸⒉ⶍ⍿妻⇵䘬⍿妻≽㨇⻟⻙㖶栗䘬⼙枧℞妻䶜㓰㝄烊 炷Ḵ炸⬠⒉グ╄㬉冯㺧シ妻䶜婚䦳侭グ傥デ⍿冒⶙䘬⬠佺㓰㝄Ἓ烊炷ᶱ炸⒉ⶍ娵䁢冒 ⶙⬠⇘妻䶜婚䦳ℏ⭡冯⏎炻⮵㕤ㅱ䓐ᶲ婚㇨⬠㕤⮎晃ⶍἄᶲᷳシ栀᷎䃉ảỽ䘬⼙枧ˤ 䌳啘呱炷2006炸ẍ Kirkpatrick 䘬姽Ộ㧉⺷䁢䎮婾㝞㥳炻᷎ẍ悝⭬㕡⺷⮵⍿妻屉 䦭Ṣ⒉忚埴⓷⌟婧㞍炻䞼䨞䘤䎦⍿妻屉䦭Ṣ⒉⛐Ṣ⎋䴙妰嬲㔠ᷕ炻⛐妻䶜䘬㔜橼㺧 シ⹎䓂檀烊⛐妻䶜⮎㕥⍵ㅱˣ⬠佺㓰㝄冯ⶍἄ埴䁢㓡嬲悐↮㚱栗叿ⶖ䔘ˤ昛ⅈ㰅 炷2007炸⇑䓐 Kirkpatrick 妻䶜ㆸ㓰姽Ộ㧉⺷炻㍊妶ˬ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉—婚䦳㺧シ⹎˭ˣˬ⬠ 佺Ⰼ㫉—ᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚䦳⹎˭⍲ˬ埴䁢Ⰼ㫉—⮎晃ⶍἄㅱ䓐ㆸ㓰˭䫱ᶱᾳⰌ㫉ᷳ攻 䘬斄Ὢ炻䳸㝄䘤䎦婚䦳㺧シ⹎⮵ᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚㚱栗叿㬋⎹⼙枧斄Ὢ烊ᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚 ⮵⮎晃ⶍἄㅱ䓐ㆸ㓰㚱栗叿㬋⎹⼙枧斄Ὢ炻侴婚䦳㺧シ⹎⮵⮎晃ⶍἄㅱ䓐ㆸ㓰㚱栗 叿㬋⎹⼙枧斄Ὢˤ䌳⢓⻟炷2008炸憅⮵㝸⚳䩳䥹⣏㧉℟冯䱦⭮㨇㡘䓊㤕䞼䘤䡑⢓⮰ 䎕婚䦳忚埴妻䶜ㆸ㓰ᷳ姽Ộ炻䞼䨞䳸㝄㊯↢⛐ˬ⍵ㅱⰌ䳂˭㕡朊炻⍿妻侭⮵妻䶜婚 䦳㔜橼㺧シ⹎⯂⎗㍍⍿烊⛐ˬ⬠佺Ⰼ䳂˭㕡朊炻⍿妻侭⎗䓙妻䶜婚䦳ᷕ⬠佺⇘㕘䘬 䞍嬀冯㈨傥烊⛐ˬ埴䁢Ⰼ䳂˭㕡朊炻⍿妻侭娵䁢傥⮯㇨⬠⼿䘬䞍嬀㈨傥⮎晃ㅱ䓐㕤 ⶍἄ⟜㇨ᷕ烊⛐ˬㆸ㝄Ⰼ䳂˭㕡朊炻⍿妻侭娵䁢妻䶜婚䦳㇨⬠ᷳ䞍嬀㈨傥⛐䓊⑩忶 䦳ˣ䓊⑩㛔幓冯䓊⑩ㅱ䓐䫱朊⎹ᶲ䘬ㅱ䓐庫䁢㚱旸炻⛐䞼䘤Ṣ⒉䞍嬀㈨傥㍸⋯ᶲ 庫⣏ᷳ≑䙲ˤ⼸⽿⽟炷2008炸ẍᾅℐṢ⒉借傥妻䶜䁢⮵尉炻䞼䨞䘤䎦烉炷ᶨ炸妻䶜婚 䦳℟㚱⬠佺Ⰼ㫉䘬妻䶜ㆸ㓰烊炷Ḵ炸⍵ㅱⰌ㫉䘬妻䶜ㆸ㓰冯⬠佺Ⰼ㫉䘬妻䶜ㆸ㓰ᷳ攻 ℟㚱栗叿䘬㬋⎹斄倗烊炷ᶱ炸⬠佺Ⰼ㫉䘬妻䶜ㆸ㓰冯埴䁢Ⰼ㫉䘬妻䶜ㆸ㓰ᷳ攻㛒㚱栗 叿䘬䚠斄ˤ 䴻䓙ᶲ徘⎗䞍炻Kirkpatrick 䘬姽Ộ㧉⺷⶚⺋⍿⚳ℏ⎬柀➇⛐忚埴➡妻ㆸ㓰ᷳㅱ 䓐炻ᶼ㚱℟橼䘬䞼䨞ㆸ㝄ˤ㬌⢾炻䓙㕤⎬䞼䨞侭↯ℍ䘬奺⹎ᶵ⎴炻㇨⼿ᷳ䞼䨞䳸㝄 Ṏ㚱㇨ᶵ⎴炻Ữ㔁做⬠埻䞼䨞庫仢⮹妻䶜ㆸ㓰姽揹ᷳ䞼䨞炻彬Ṳ㚱⬇῱所炷2000炸 䘬䞼䨞炻⮵㕤 Kirkpatrick 姽Ộ㧉⺷ㅱ䓐㕤⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽揹ṵ 㛒夳䚠斄䞼䨞炻ῤ⼿攳㉻⍲㍊䨞ˤ

(9)

Ϥȃᄇ Kirkpatrick ຟե዁Ԓޟຟ፣

Kirkpatrick 䘬⚃ᾳⰌ㫉㧉⺷晾䃞塓⺋㲃ἧ䓐㕤妻䶜姽Ộ炻Ữḇ⍿⇘ᶨṃ㈡姽炻 ἳ⤪埴䁢Ⰼ㫉㓡嬲䘬堉慷㗗⏎㗗妻䶜侴⺽䘤䘬炻⛐娵⭂ᶲ庫䁢⚘暋炻ᶼ䳸㝄Ⰼ㫉䘬 㓡嬲㇨㊯䘬㗗䳬䷼㓰傥䘬㓡嬲㚜ᶵ㖻堉慷炻暨天攟㗪攻奨⮇ㇵ傥⍾⼿炷匲ᶾ㜘ˣ㣲 ṩ⢥ˣ湫ὲ䤍炻2002烉86炸ˤ⎎ᶨ㕡朊炻Kirkpatrick 䘬姽Ộ㧉⺷䘬`姕⇵柴㗗炻劍⮵ 妻䶜婚䦳デ⇘㺧シ䘬⍿妻Ṣ⒉⬠佺⼿㚜⣂炻ṾᾹ⮯㚫㈲䞍嬀冯㈨傥ℐ㔠ㅱ䓐⛐ⶍἄ ᶲ炻䃞⼴ἧ℞埴䁢䓊䓇嬲⊾炻᷎嬻䳬䷼䌚⼿㬋朊䘬䳸㝄炻ᶵ忶䞼䨞栗䣢炻⍵ㅱˣ娵 䞍ˣ埴䁢冯ㆸ㝄ᷳ攻䘬斄Ὢ℞⮎⼰⮹炷䯉屆䌱嬗炻2008烉266炸ˤAlliger 冯 Janak炷1989炸 憅⮵ Kirkpatrick 䘬⚃ᾳⰌ㫉姽揹ḇ㍸↢岒䔹炻ṾᾹ娵䁢᷎朆㇨㚱䘬妻䶜悥暨天姽Ộ ⚃ᾳⰌ㫉炻ᶼ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉␴⬠佺Ⰼ㫉ᷳ攻᷎㰺㚱⚈㝄斄Ὢ⬀⛐炻⎬Ⰼ㫉ᷳ攻Ṏ⎗傥↢ 䎦屈⎹䘬斄Ὢ炻ἳ⤪⸥満䘬㺼嫃⎗傥ἧ⬠⒉⍵ㅱ列⤥炻⌣㛒⽭⺽䘤⬠佺䘬㓰㝄炷⻝ 晭よ炻2001烉12-13炸炻婈⤪ Griffin ㇨妨⍿妻Ṣ⒉ḇ姙㚫婒⍿妻㛇攻䚠䔞ケ⾓ᶼ⬠⇘ ⼰⣂炻Ữ⛐妻䶜⬴䔊⼴⚆⇘⮎晃䘬ⶍἄⲿỵ㗪炻䷦㓰㗗⏎㚱㇨㓡┬ㇵ㗗䛇㬋䘬侫槿 炷湫䆇㛱嬗炻2006炸ˤ晾䃞ᶲ徘䞼䨞䳸㝄冯奨溆᷎㰺㚱⬴ℐ㓗㊩⍵ㅱˣ⬠佺ˣ埴䁢冯 ㆸ㝄䘬斄忋⿏炻Ữ㚱ṃ䞼䨞䳸㝄㗗悐↮㓗㊩䘬炻ἳ⤪匲ᶾ㜘ˣ㣲ṩ⢥冯湫ὲ䤍炷2002炸 䞼䨞䳸㝄㊯↢⬠⒉グ╄㬉冯㺧シ妻䶜婚䦳侭グ傥デ⍿冒⶙䘬⬠佺㓰㝄Ἓ炻⼸⽿⽟ 炷2008炸䞼䨞䳸㝄㊯↢烉炷ᶨ炸妻䶜婚䦳℟㚱⬠佺Ⰼ㫉䘬妻䶜ㆸ㓰烊炷Ḵ炸⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 䘬妻䶜ㆸ㓰冯⬠佺Ⰼ㫉䘬妻䶜ㆸ㓰ᷳ攻℟㚱栗叿䘬㬋⎹斄倗烊炷ᶱ炸⬠佺Ⰼ㫉䘬妻䶜 ㆸ㓰冯埴䁢Ⰼ㫉䘬妻䶜ㆸ㓰ᷳ攻㛒㚱栗叿䘬䚠斄ˤ岒妨ᷳ炻Kirkpatrick 姽Ộ㧉⺷ᷳ ⌘嫱ṵ㚱⼭忚ᶨ㬍㍊䨞ˤ 㬌⢾炻Brinkerhoff ㊯↢ Kirkpatrick 䘬㧉⺷㗗ẍ妻䶜䳸㝄䁢⮶⎹炻䃞侴㔁做妻䶜 ⛐➟埴㗪℞⇵伖ἄ㤕⍲妻䶜忶䦳炻䘮䚜㍍㚫⼙枧妻䶜䘬ㆸ㓰ˤ⚈㬌炻Brinkerhoff ὅ 㒂妻䶜㳩䦳㍸↢ℕ昶㭝姽Ộ㧉⺷炻㬌姽Ộ㧉⺷ℏ⭡↮䁢䚖㧁姕⭂ˣ婚䦳姕妰ˣ婚䦳 ➟埴ˣ䩳⌛䳸㝄ˣ忳䓐ㆸ㝄炻ẍ⍲⼙枧␴₡ῤ䫱炷⻝ṩ⭞炻2005烉210炸ˤ 䵄⎰ᶲ徘炻㛔䞼䨞⍫侫 Kirkpatrick ᷳ⚃Ⰼ㫉姽Ộ㧉⺷ˣ昛所啘ˣ䌳㾭⨟炷2006炸 䘬⓷⌟ℏ㵝⍲⍫惴⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠ᷳ⮎⊁ね㱩炻⮯ Kirkpatrick ᷳ⚃ᾳⰌ㫉圵⎰ㆸᶱᾳⰌ 㫉炻⤪⚾ 1 ㇨䣢炻㛔䞼䨞⮯⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽Ộ↮䁢ˬ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉— 婚䦳冯㔁⬠㺧シ⹎˭ˣˬ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉—ᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚㓡嬲˭ˣˬ埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉—ⶍἄㅱ䓐冯 届䌣䦳⹎˭䫱ᶱᾳ㥳朊炻ῤ⼿婒㖶䘬㗗炻㛔䞼䨞⮯ Kirkpatrick ⚃Ⰼ㫉ᷳ䫔ᶱⰌ㫉冯䫔 ⚃Ⰼ㫉䳸⎰ㆸ埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉炻㬌ᷫ䞼䨞侭娵䁢⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉傥⮯㇨⬠ㅱ䓐⛐ⶍἄᶲṎ ẋ堐Ḯ⮵⬠㟉䳬䷼㝸䧖䦳⹎䘬届䌣炻㗗ẍ⮯埴䁢Ⰼ㫉冯ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉夾䁢⎴ᶨⰌ㫉᷎䧙ᷳ

(10)

䁢埴䁢ㆸ㝄㧉⺷ˤ℟橼侴妨炻㛔䞼䨞ὅ㒂 Kirkpatrick 䘬奨溆⍲䚠斄⬠侭䘬䚳㱽炻᷎⍫ 惴⮎⊁䉨㱩炻⮯⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖ䘬➡做ㆸ㓰姽Ộ⎗↮ᶱᾳⰌ㫉炻⯙ˬ⍵ ㅱⰌ㫉—婚䦳㔁⬠㺧シ⹎˭侴妨炻Ὢ㊯⍫冯忚ᾖᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⮵婚䦳ℏ⭡ˣ㔁⬠㕡 㱽ˣ䨢攻姕⁁䫱ᷳデ⍿ね⼊烊⯙ˬ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉—ᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚㓡嬲˭奨ᷳ炻⌛⬠㟉埴㓧 Ṣ⒉天傥⏠㓞⇘䚠斄䘬䞍嬀␴㈨傥烊⯙ˬ埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉—ⶍἄㅱ䓐冯届䌣˭Ἦ䚳炻⌛ ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐忚ᾖ⼴㕤ⶍἄᶲ傥⬠ẍ农䓐炻᷎⮵⬠㟉㚱㇨届䌣ˤ ⚾ 1 ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽揹㥳朊

୤ȃंـ೩ॎᇄᄂࢊġ

⛐䞼䨞姕妰冯⮎㕥㕡朊炻勚⯙䞼䨞姕妰䘬㤪⾝㝞㥳ˣ䞼䨞ⶍ℟䘬䶐墥ˣ婧㞍䞼 䨞䘬⮎㕥⍲屯㕁䘬嗽䎮㕡㱽䫱↮⇍婒㖶⤪ᶳˤ

Ιȃंـ೩ॎޟ྅܈࢜ᄺġ

ὅ㒂⚾ 2 䘬㤪⾝㝞㥳炻㛔䞼䨞椾⃰⺢㥳⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚 ᾖㆸ㓰姽揹䘬⎹⹎炻ᷳ⼴䝕妋䚖⇵⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰䘬 婚䦳㔁⬠ 㺧シ⹎ ᾳṢㇵ傥 ⡆忚㓡嬲 ⶍἄㅱ䓐 届䌣 埴䁢ㆸ 㝄Ⰼ㫉 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉

(11)

䎦㱩炻ᶼ↮㜸ˬ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉--婚䦳冯㔁⬠㺧シ⹎˭ˣˬ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉--ᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚㓡嬲˭⍲ ˬ埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉--ⶍἄㅱ䓐冯届䌣˭䫱ᶱᾳ㥳朊䘬斄Ὢ炻ᷳ⼴㍊䨞⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞 ㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰⚈側㘗嬲枭侴䓊䓇䘬ⶖ䔘ね⼊ˤ勚⮯忁ṃ嬲枭婒㖶⤪ᶳ烉 炷ᶨ炸䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ姽揹烉⊭㊔ˬ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉—婚䦳冯㔁⬠㺧シ⹎˭ˣˬ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉— ᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚㓡嬲˭⍲ˬ埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉—ⶍἄㅱ䓐冯届䌣˭䫱ᶱᾳ㥳朊ˤ 炷Ḵ炸側㘗嬲枭烉⊭㊔⿏⇍炷䓟⿏ˣ⤛⿏炸ˣ⸜漉炷30 㬚ẍᶳˣ31~39 㬚ˣ40~49 㬚ˣ 50 㬚ẍᶲ炸ˣ㑼ả借⊁炷㟉攟ˣ㔁ⷓℤᷣảˣ㔁ⷓℤ䳬攟炸ˣ⛐借忚ᾖ䎕⇍炷䡑 ⢓䎕ˣ䡑⢓⛐借⮰䎕炸ˣ䚖⇵⯙嬨⸜䳂炷䞼䨞㇨ᶨ⸜䳂ˣ䞼䨞㇨Ḵ⸜䳂炷⏓ẍ ᶲ炸炸ˣ㚵⊁╖ỵᷳ㔁做昶㭝炷⚳㮹⮷⬠ˣ⚳㮹ᷕ⬠炸ˤ

⚾ 2 㛔䞼䨞䘬㤪⾝㝞㥳⚾

Πȃंـώڎޟጡᇧġ

炷ᶨ炸⓷⌟ℏ⭡䶐墥忶䦳ġ 㛔䞼䨞婧㞍⓷⌟ᷳℏ⭡ᷣ天㗗⍫侫 Kirkpatrick 䘬姽Ộ㧉⺷ˣ昛所啘ˣ䌳㾭⨟ 炷2006炸⍲䌳啘呱炷2006炸䘬妻䶜ㆸ㓰慷堐炻᷎⍫惴⬠㟉䳬䷼䑘⠫ᷳ䉨㱩炻䶐墥侴 ㆸ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ᾖ婧㞍⓷⌟炻⓷⌟ℏ⭡⊭㊔ᶱᾳⰌ朊炻↮⇍㗗⍵ㅱⰌ㫉—婚 䦳㔁⬠㺧シ⹎ˣ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉—ᾳṢㇵ傥㓡嬲⡆忚ˣ埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉—ⶍἄㅱ䓐届䌣炻⎬ Ⰼ朊ᷳ柴嘇↮惵炻⤪堐 2 ㇨䣢炻妰㚱 26 柴ˤ 㛔⓷⌟㍉㛶⃳䈡Ḽ溆慷堐炷Liker-six-point-scale炸䘬⠓䫼㕡⺷妰↮炻⍿娎侭ὅ℞ ㇨䞍奢⛐⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉忚ᾖㆸ㓰炻⛐ˬ朆ⷠ䫎⎰˭ˣˬ䫎⎰˭ˣˬ㘖忂˭ˣˬᶵ䫎⎰˭⍲ ˬ朆ⷠᶵ䫎⎰˭䫱Ḽᾳ怠枭ᷕ⊦怠怑䔞䫼㟰炻妰↮ὅ㫉䴎Ḱ 5 ↮ˣ4 ↮ˣ3 ↮ˣ2 ↮ˣ 1 ↮ˤ 側㘗嬲枭 ⿏⇍ ⸜漉 㑼ả借⊁ 忚ᾖ䎕⇍ ⯙嬨⸜䳂

㚵⊁╖ỵ ⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽揹 ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉烉 婚䦳㔁⬠㺧シ⹎ ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉烉 ᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚㓡嬲 埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉烉 ⶍἄㅱ䓐冯届䌣

(12)

堐 2 枸娎⓷⌟ᷳⰌ朊冯柴嘇↮惵 Ⰼ朊 柴嘇 柴㔠 ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉烉 婚䦳㔁⬠㺧シ⹎ 1ˣ2ˣ3ˣ4ˣ5ˣ6ˣ7ˣ8ˣ9 9 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉烉 ᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚㓡嬲 10ˣ11ˣ12ˣ13ˣ14ˣ15ˣ16ˣ17 8 埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉烉 ⶍἄㅱ䓐冯届䌣 18ˣ19ˣ20ˣ21ˣ22ˣ23ˣ24ˣ25ˣ26 9 炷Ḵ炸䃎溆⛀橼⹏婯ˣ⮰⭞⮑㞍⓷⌟ℏ⭡ ⓷⌟⇅䧧䶐墥⬴ㆸ⼴炻晐⌛忚埴䃎溆⛀橼⹏婯⍲⮰⭞シ夳婧㞍ˤ䃎溆⛀橼⹏婯 㕤㮹⚳ 99 ⸜ 2 㚰 25 㖍㘂ᶲᶫ溆军ℓ溆ᶱ⋩↮忚埴炻⍫冯ㆸ⒉妰㚱ℓỵ炻䘮䁢⛐䞼 䨞㇨忚ᾖ䘬䎦借ᷕ⮷⬠㔁ⷓ炻℞ᷕḴỵ㗗⚳ᷕ㔁ⷓℤᷣả炻ᶨỵ⚳⮷㔁ⷓℤᷣảˣ ᶨỵ⚳⮷㔁ⷓℤ䳬攟ˣᶨỵ㗗⚳ᷕ㔁ⷓℤ⮶ⷓˣᶱỵ㗗䚖⇵㑼ả⮶ⷓỮ㚦ℤả䳬攟炻 㗗ẍ⍫冯侭⣏⣂㗗ℤ借ㆾ㚦ℤ借⬠㟉埴㓧ⶍἄ炻䴻䓙㬌㫉䘬䃎溆⛀橼⹏婯炻㔜橼侴 妨炻⍫冯侭⮵㕤㬌ấ婧㞍⓷⌟䘬⺢嬘シ夳ᷣ天㗗⫿娆䘬ᾖ㓡⍲⮹㔠柴䚖ᷳシ㵝㚱㇨ 慵墯炻䞼䨞侭⍫惴⍫冯侭シ夳⼴ᾖ㓡⓷⌟ᷳ悐↮ℏ⭡ˤ⛐䃎溆⛀橼⹏婯⼴炻䞼䨞侭 㕤㮹⚳ 99 ⸜ 3 㚰 1 㖍映临⭬䘤⋩Ḵấ⮰⭞シ夳婧㞍⓷⌟炻婳⮰⭞⮑㞍㛔⓷⌟ᷳℏ⭡炻 ㇨怠⍾ᷳ⋩Ḵỵ⮰⭞ᷕ㚱ℑỵ㗗ᷕ⮷⬠㟉攟炻℞检⣏⣂㗗㚵⊁㕤⣏⬠㔁做埴㓧䚠斄 䲣㇨ᷳ⮰ả㔁㌰ㆾ∗㔁㌰ˤ⛐ 3 㚰ᶳ㖔⮰⭞⓷⌟⚆㓞⼴炻䴻㔜䎮⼴䘤䎦⣏⣂㔠䘬⮰ ⭞娵䁢㛔⓷⌟⎬柴䚖怑⎰㍉䓐炻䞼䨞侭᷎⍫侫悐↮⮰⭞䘬シ夳⍲⺢嬘ᾖ㓡⓷⌟ℏ⭡ˤ 䴻䓙䃎溆⛀橼⹏婯⍲⮰⭞シ夳婧㞍⼴炻䶐墥ㆸ㬋⺷婧㞍⓷⌟⌛ˬ⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠ 㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰婧㞍⓷⌟˭炻ẍἄ䁢吸普屯㕁䘬ⶍ℟ˤ

έȃኺҏᒵڥᇄᄂࢊႆแġġ

㛔䞼䨞㗗ẍ䎦借⛐䞼䨞㇨忚ᾖᷳ⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䁢䞼䨞⮵尉炻ẍ⬠㟉 埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽Ộ慷堐䁢ⶍ℟炻䝕妋⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖ ㆸ㓰䘬䎦㱩炻ᶼ忚ᶨ㬍↮㜸ᶵ⎴側㘗嬲枭⛐䞼䨞㇨忚ᾖㆸ㓰䘬ⶖ䔘ね⼊⍲忚ᾖㆸ㓰 ⎬Ⰼ朊䘬䚠斄ˤ

(13)

㛔䞼䨞⛐忚埴䃎溆⛀橼⹏婯⍲⮰⭞㓰⹎⼴炻⌛怠⍾⎘䀋⛘⋨⋩ℕ㇨℔䥩⣏⬠㔁 做埴㓧栆䞼䨞㇨忚埴⓷⌟㕥㷔炻㇨怠⍾ᷳ⋩ℕᾳ䲣㇨䓙⊿侴⋿↮⇍㗗⚳䩳⎘䀋ⷓ䭬 ⣏⬠㔁做㓧䫾冯埴㓧䞼䨞㇨ˣ㶉㰇⣏⬠㔁做㓧䫾冯柀⮶䞼䨞㇨ˣ⚳䩳⎘⊿㔁做⣏⬠ 㔁做䴻䆇冯䭉䎮䞼䨞㇨ˣ⎘⊿ⶪ䩳㔁做⣏⬠㔁做埴㓧冯姽揹䞼䨞㇨ˣ⚳䩳㓧㱣⣏⬠ 㔁做埴㓧冯㓧䫾䞼䨞㇨ˣ庼ṩ⣏⬠㔁做柀⮶冯䘤⯽䞼䨞㇨ˣᷕ⍇⣏⬠㔁做䞼䨞㇨ˣ ⚳䩳㕘䪡㔁做⣏⬠㔁做⬠䲣䡑⢓䎕ˣ⚳䩳㙐⋿⚳晃⣏⬠㔁做㓧䫾冯埴㓧⬠䲣䡑⢓ 䎕ˣ⚳䩳⎘ᷕ㔁做⣏⬠㔁做⬠䲣䡑⢓䎕ˣ⚳䩳㜙厗⣏⬠伶Ἶ㟉⋨㔁做埴㓧冯䭉䎮⬠ 䲣䡑⢓䎕ˣ⚳䩳▱佑⣏⬠㔁做埴㓧冯㓧䫾䘤⯽䞼䨞㇨ˣ⚳䩳⎘⋿⣏⬠㔁做䴻䆇冯䭉 䎮䞼䨞㇨ˣ⚳䩳檀晬ⷓ䭬⣏⬠㔁做⬠䲣䡑⢓䎕ˣ⚳䩳⎘㜙⣏⬠㔁做⬠䲣䡑⢓䎕ˣ⚳ 䩳⯷㜙㔁做⣏⬠㔁做埴㓧䞼䨞㇨䫱⋩ℕᾳ䲣㇨炻㇨怠⍾ᷳ䞼䨞㇨ㆾ䡑⢓䎕㗗㚱㊃侫 ⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ᷳ㔁做埴㓧栆䚠斄䞼䨞㇨炻㭷ᶨ䲣㇨䘤㓦 15 ấ婧㞍⓷⌟炻 ⽆㮹⚳ 99 ⸜ 4 㚰ᶳ㖔攳⥳䘤↢婧㞍⓷⌟ 240 ấˤ军㮹⚳ 99 ⸜ 5 㚰 30 㖍炻⚆㓞⓷⌟ 229 ấ炻⚆㓞䌯䁢 95.4%炻⇒昌䃉㓰⓷⌟ 37 ấ炻⎗䓐䌯䁢 80.0%炻㚱㓰⓷⌟妰㚱 192 ấˤ㚱㓰㧋㛔䘬➢㛔屯㕁↮㜸⤪堐 3 ㇨䣢ˤ 堐 3 㚱㓰㧋㛔䘬➢㛔屯㕁↮㜸 栆⇍ 枭䚖 ⠓䫼Ṣ㔠 䘦↮㭼炷炴炸 ⿏⇍ 䓟⿏ 89 46.4 ⤛⿏ 103 53.6 ⸜漉 30 㬚ẍᶳ 23 12.0 31~39 㬚 83 43.2 40~49 㬚 72 37.5 50 㬚ẍᶲ 14 7.3 㑼ả借⊁ 㟉攟 10 5.2 㔁ⷓℤᷣả 84 43.8 㔁ⷓℤ䳬攟 98 51.0 忚ᾖ䎕⇍ 䡑⢓䎕 30 15.6 䡑⢓⛐借⮰䎕 162 84.4 ⯙嬨⸜䳂 䞼䨞㇨ᶨ⸜䳂 116 60.4 䞼䨞㇨Ḵ⸜䳂炷⏓ẍᶲ炸 76 39.6 㚵⊁╖ỵ ⚳㮹⮷⬠ 128 66.7 ⚳㮹ᷕ⬠ 64 39.6 ⎰妰 192 100 ġ

(14)

ѲȃғԒ୰ڢޟਝ࡙ᇄ࡙߬ġ

㛔䞼䨞⮵尉䁢⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚埴忚ᾖᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉炻䓙㕤⎬㟉⛯妪 㚱⛐借忚ᾖṢ⒉ᷳ㭼䌯炻ᶼ⎬㔁做埴㓧栆䚠斄䞼䨞㇨㊃䓇⎵柵Ṏ㗗㚱旸炻㇨ẍ㛔䞼 䨞⮵尉ᷳ㭵佌᷎ᶵ⣏炻㗗ẍ㛔䞼䨞᷎㛒忚埴枸娎侴㗗ẍ㬋⺷⓷⌟忚埴ᾉ㓰⹎↮㜸炻 ẍ⃵㚱慵央㕥㷔ᷳね⼊ˤ ℟橼侴妨炻䁢㩊槿ˬ⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰婧㞍⓷⌟˭ ᷳ㓰⹎冯ᾉ⹎炻㛔䞼䨞ẍ↮Ⰼ朊㍉㍊䳊⺷⚈䳈↮㜸炷exploratory factor analysis炸Ἦ⺢ 䩳 ⬠ 㟉 埴 㓧 Ṣ ⒉ 䞼 䨞 ㇨ 忚 ᾖ ㆸ 㓰 姽 Ộ ⓷ ⌟ 䘬 㓰 ⹎ 炻 椾 ⃰ ㍉ ⍾ ᷣ 天 ㆸ ấ ↮ 㜸 㱽

炷principal component analysis炸炻᷎䓐㤝嬲㱽炷Varimax炸忚埴䚜Ṍ廱庠炻ẍ䌚⼿⎬柴

䚖䘬⚈䳈屈匟慷ˤ㬌⢾炻㛔䞼䨞᷎ẍ Cronbach 侫槿㛔䞼䨞慷堐ᷳᾉ⹎ˤ 䓙堐 4 ⎗䞍炻㛔䞼䨞⓷⌟ᷳ⎬柴䘬⚈䳈屈匟慷⛯忼.600 ẍᶲ炻⎬Ⰼ朊䘬妋慳嬲 䔘慷↮⇍㗗⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 55.489%炻⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 61.583%炻埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉 68.223%ˤ⽆堐 5 Ṏ栗䣢⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰婧㞍⓷⌟⎬Ⰼ朊ᷳ Cronbach Ὢ㔠⛯忼.800 ẍᶲ炻㔜橼 Cronbach Ὢ㔠䁢.960ˤ䵄⎰奨ᷳ炻㛔⓷⌟婧㞍ᷳᾉ㓰⹎ 列⤥ˤ 堐 4 ⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰婧㞍⓷⌟䘬⚈䳈↮㜸 Ⰼ朊 㬋⺷⓷⌟ 柴嘇 ⓷⌟ℏ⭡ ⚈䳈 屈匟慷 ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 1 ㆹ⮵㕤ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨䘬婚䦳⬱㌺炻デ⇘㺧シˤ 0.770 2 ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ婚䦳ℏ⭡炻䫎⎰ㆹᾳṢ䘬暨天ˤ 0.748 3 ㆹ⮵㕤ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳⷓ屯炻デ⇘㺧シˤ 0.787 4 ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ㔁ⷓ冯ㆹᾹḺ≽列⤥ˤ 0.762 5 ㆹ⮵㕤ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ㔁⬠⟜㇨炻デ⇘㺧シˤ 0.754 6 ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ㔁ⷓ䘬⬠嬀冯䴻槿寸⭴ˤ 0.689 7 ㆹ⮵㕤ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳᶲ婚㗪攻⬱㌺炻デ⇘㺧シˤ 0.743 8 ㆹ⮵㕤ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ姕⁁炻デ⇘㺧シˤ 0.650 9 㔜橼侴妨炻ㆹ⮵㕤ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ⬠佺炻デ⇘㺧シˤ 0.790 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 10 ㆹ傥⽆ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ⬠佺ᷕ炻⏠㓞⇘冯ⶍἄ㚱斄䘬ン⹎ˤ 0.782 11 ㆹ傥⽆ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ⬠佺ᷕ炻⏠㓞䚠斄⮰㤕㈨傥ˤ 0.840 炷临ᶳ堐炸

(15)

堐 4 炷临炸 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 12 䞼䨞㇨ᷳ婚䦳⮵ㆹ℟㚱┇䘤ἄ䓐ˤ 0.800 13 ㆹ傥⽆ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ⬠佺ᷕ炻⏠㓞⇘冯ⶍἄ㚱斄䘬⮰ 㤕䞍嬀ˤ 0.857 14 䞼䨞㇨ᷳ婚䦳冯㔁⬠傥⡆忚ㆹ嗽䎮埴㓧㤕⊁䘬傥≃ˤ 0.804 15 ㆹ傥⽆ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ⬠佺ᷕ炻⡆忚ㆹ䘬㔁做⮰㤕ン⹎ 0.784 16 ㆹ傥⽆ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ⬠佺ᷕ炻㓡┬ㆹ䘬Ṣ晃斄Ὢ冯㹅 忂䫱㈨ⶏˤ 0.677 17 㔜橼侴妨炻ㆹ傥⃭↮⏠㓞ㆹ⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ婚䦳ℏ⭡ˤ 0.718 埴䁢ㆸ㝄 Ⰼ㫉 18 ㆹ傥⮯⛐䞼䨞㇨忚ᾖ㇨⬠䘬ⶍἄン⹎忳䓐⛐ⶍἄᷕˤ 0.774 19 ㆹ傥⮯⛐䞼䨞㇨忚ᾖ㇨⬠䘬㈨傥忳䓐⛐ⶍἄᷕˤ 0.781 20 ⛐䞼䨞㇨忚ᾖ㇨⬠炻傥嬻ㆹ⛐ⶍἄᶲ㍸↢㓡┬⺢嬘ˤ 0.789 21 ⛐䞼䨞㇨忚ᾖ㇨⬠炻⮵ㆹ䎦⛐䘬ⶍἄ⼰㚱⸓≑ˤ 0.849 22 ⛐䞼䨞㇨⬠佺⼴炻ㆹ傥⮯㇨⬠䘬䞍嬀忳䓐⛐ⶍἄᷕˤ 0.859 23 ⛐䞼䨞㇨⬠佺⼴炻ㆹ傥忳䓐㕘䞍傥ẍ㍸㖯ⶍἄ㓰䌯ˤ 0.864 24 䞼䨞㇨⬠佺⼴炻ㆹ傥届䌣㇨⬠㕤ⶍἄᶲˤ 0.834 25 ⛐䞼䨞㇨⬠佺⼴炻傥㍸⋯ㆹ䘬ⶍἄ堐䎦ˤ 0.841 26 ⛐䞼䨞㇨⬠佺⼴炻ㆹ傥届䌣㇨⬠Ὣ忚⬠㟉䘤⯽ˤ 0.827 堐 5 ⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰婧㞍⓷⌟䘬ℏ悐ᶨ农⿏ᾉ⹎↮ Ⰼ朊 ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 埴䁢䳸㝄Ⰼ㫉 㔜橼⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰 Ὢ㔠 .896 .908 .941 .960 柴㔠 9 8 9 26

Ϥȃ፡ࢥၥਟޟ೎౩ġ

㛔⓷⌟㬋⺷㕥㷔㇨⼿㚱㓰⓷⌟屯㕁炻䴻ℐ悐廠ℍ暣儎炻ẍ SPSS12.0 䴙妰⣿墅庇 橼忚埴屯㕁↮㜸嗽䎮炻㇨㍉䴙妰↮㜸㕡㱽㚱ᶳ↿⸦䧖炻婒㖶⤪ᶳ烉炷ᶨ炸ẍ䃎溆⛀橼ˣ ⮰⭞⓷⌟ℏ⭡⮑㞍ˣCronbach ⍲㍊䳊⺷⚈䳈↮㜸炻⺢㥳⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借 忚ᾖㆸ㓰慷堐ᷳᾉ㓰⹎烊炷Ḵ炸㯪↢⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞍奢⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽揹

(16)

⓷⌟⎬㥳朊䘬⸛⛯㔠ˣ㧁㸾ⶖ炻ẍ䝕妋⎬Ⰼ朊䘬䎦㱩烊炷ᶱ炸ẍ⸛⛯㔠ⶖ䔘栗叿⿏侫 槿↮㜸ᶵ⎴⿏⇍ˣ忚ᾖ䎕⇍ˣ⯙嬨⸜䳂ˣ㔁做昶㭝⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐忚ᾖㆸ㓰

姽Ộ䘬ⶖ䔘ね⼊烊炷⚃炸ẍ╖⚈⫸嬲䔘㔠↮㜸炷one-way ANOVA炸侫槿ᶵ⎴⸜漉⍲借

⊁⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ᷳ䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚埴ㆸ㓰姽Ộ䘬ⶖ䔘ね⼊炻⤪忼.05 栗叿㯜㸾炻ℵẍ啃 屣㱽炷Scheffe’炸忚埴ḳ⼴㭼庫烊炷Ḽ炸ẍ Pearson 䧵ⶖ䚠斄炷Pearson product-moment correlation炸↮㜸⍵ㅱⰌ㫉ˣ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉冯埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉ᶱ侭䘬䚠斄ね⼊ˤ.

ဓȃ፡ࢥ๖ݎޟϷݙᇄଆ፣ġ

Ιȃ୽ҕϛωᏰᏰਮ՗ࢇΡষंـܚӵᙛ໌ওԙਝϞ౪ݷġ

䓙堐 6 ⎗䞍炻䚖⇵⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰⛐ˬ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉˭ 㥳朊ᶲ炻⸛⛯㭷柴↮㔠䁢 4.25烊⛐ˬ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉˭㥳朊ᶲ炻⸛⛯㭷柴↮㔠䁢 4.30烊⛐ ˬ埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉˭㥳朊ᶲ炻⸛⛯㭷柴↮㔠䁢 4.17ˤ㔜橼奨ᷳ炻⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨ ⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰⎬㥳朊炻⸛⛯㭷柴⼿↮ṳ㕤 4.17 军 4.30 ᷳ攻炻㍍役Ḽ溆慷堐ᷳῷ檀⼿ ↮ˤ 堐 6 ⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞍奢⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳ↮㜸䳸㝄㐀天堐炷N=192炸 㥳朊 ⸛⛯㔠 㧁㸾ⶖ 柴㔠 ⸛⛯㭷柴⼿↮ 㭷柴㚨檀⼿↮ ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 38.29 4.39 9 4.25 5 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 34.40 4.02 8 4.30 5 埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉 37.59 5.01 9 4.17 5

ΠȃϚӣधශᡐ໶Ᏸਮ՗ࢇΡষंـܚӵᙛ໌ওԙਝϞ৯౴௑לġ

炷ᶨ炸ᶵ⎴⿏⇍⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ᷳ䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰䘬ⶖ䔘ね⼊ 䓟⿏⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉冯⤛⿏⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐忚ᾖㆸ㓰䞍奢䘬⸛⛯㔠ˣ㧁㸾ⶖ⍲ t 侫槿䳸㝄炻↿㕤堐 7ˤ䓙堐 7 䘬屯㕁栗䣢烉䓟⿏⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉冯⤛⿏⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⸛ ⛯㔠䴻䓙 t 侫槿炻℞ⶖ䔘᷎㛒忼栗叿㯜㸾炻堐䣢ᶵ⎴⿏⇍ᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借 忚ᾖㆸ㓰᷎㰺㚱栗叿ⶖ䔘ˤ

(17)

堐 7 ᶵ⎴⿏⇍⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳⶖ䔘ね⼊ 㥳朊 栆⇍ 㧋㛔㔠 ⸛⛯㔠 㧁㸾ⶖ t ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 䓟 89 38.73 4.48 1.28 ⤛ 103 37.91 4.30 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 䓟 89 34.85 4.04 1.43 ⤛ 103 34.01 3.98 埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉 䓟 89 38.11 4.89 1.31 ⤛ 103 37.15 5.11 炷Ḵ炸ᶵ⎴⸜漉⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳⶖ䔘ね⼊ ᶵ⎴⸜漉⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰⼿↮䘬⸛⛯㔠ˣ㧁㸾ⶖˣ嬲䔘㔠↮ 㜸炻⤪堐 8 ㇨䣢ˤὅ堐 8 䘬䴙妰栗䣢烉ᶵ⎴⸜漉䘬⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉炻⛐忚ᾖㆸ㓰䘬⸛ ⛯㔠⼿↮䴻䓙╖⚈⫸嬲䔘㔠↮㜸炻℞ⶖ䔘㛒忼.05炷p< .05炸䘬栗叿㯜㸾炻堐䣢⎬䳬㛒 忼栗叿ⶖ䔘ˤ 堐 8 ᶵ⎴⸜漉⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰䘬⸛⛯㔠ˣ㧁㸾ⶖ冯嬲䔘㔠↮㜸 㥳朊 栆⇍ 㧋㛔㔠 ⸛⛯㔠 㧁㸾ⶖ 嬲䔘 Ἦ㸸 嬲䔘㔠↮㜸㐀天堐 SS df MS F ⍵ ㅱ Ⰼ 㫉 30 㬚ẍᶳ 23 37.52 4.04 䳬ℏ 61.258 3 20.419 1.056 30~39 㬚 83 38.37 4.59 䳬攻 3636.409 188 19.343 40~49 㬚 72 38.09 4.44 ䷥␴ 3697.667 191 50 㬚ẍᶲ 14 40.07 3.31 ⬠ 佺 Ⰼ 㫉 30 㬚ẍᶳ 23 33.65 3.52 䳬ℏ 16.447 3 5.492 .336 30~39 㬚 83 34.43 4.12 䳬攻 3075.835 188 16.361 40~49 㬚 72 34.54 4.16 ䷥␴ 3092.313 191 50 㬚ẍᶲ 14 34.78 3.68 埴 䁢 ㆸ 㝄 Ⰼ 㫉 30 㬚ẍᶳ 23 36.30 6.04 䳬ℏ 62.655 3 20.885 .825 30~39 㬚 83 37.44 4.96 䳬攻 4759.465 188 25.316 40~49 㬚 72 38.04 4.96 ䷥␴ 4822.120 191 50 㬚ẍᶲ 14 38.35 3.79 ġ

(18)

炷ᶱ炸ᶵ⎴借⊁ᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳⶖ䔘ね⼊ ᶵ⎴借⊁ᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰⼿↮䘬⸛⛯㔠ˣ㧁㸾ⶖˣ嬲䔘㔠↮ 㜸⍲ḳ⼴㭼庫炻⤪堐 9 ㇨䣢ˤὅ堐 9 䘬䴙妰栗䣢烉ᶵ⎴借⊁ᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ᾖ ㆸ㓰ᷳˬ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉˭⍲ˬ埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉˭⸛⛯㔠⼿↮䴻䓙╖⚈⫸嬲䔘㔠↮㜸炻℞ⶖ䔘 忼.05炷p< .05炸䘬栗叿㯜㸾炻ℵẍ啃屣㱽忚埴ḳ⼴㭼庫炻䳸㝄⤪堐 10 ㇨䣢烉⛐⬠佺Ⰼ 㫉⍲埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉ᶲ炻㟉攟⛯栗叿檀㕤㔁ⷓℤ䳬攟炻℞检⎬䳬⇯㛒忼栗叿ⶖ䔘ˤ 堐 9 ᶵ⎴借⊁⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰䘬⸛⛯㔠ˣ㧁㸾ⶖ冯嬲䔘㔠↮㜸 㥳朊 栆⇍ 㧋㛔㔠 ⸛⛯㔠 㧁㸾ⶖ 嬲䔘 Ἦ㸸 嬲䔘㔠↮㜸㐀天堐 SS df MS F ⍵ ㅱ Ⰼ 㫉 㟉攟 10 41.20 3.32 䳬ℏ 114.674 2 57.337 3.024 ᷣả 84 38.53 4.00 䳬攻 3582.993 189 18.958 䳬攟 98 37.78 4.70 ䷥␴ 3697.667 191 ⬠ 佺 Ⰼ 㫉 㟉攟 10 37.40 2.98 䳬ℏ 118.180 2 59.090 3.755* ᷣả 84 34.63 3.88 䳬攻 2974.133 189 15.736 䳬攟 98 33.90 4.11 ䷥␴ 3092.312 191 埴 䁢 ㆸ 㝄 Ⰼ 㫉 㟉攟 10 40.90 3.17 䳬ℏ 213.975 2 106.987 4.388* ᷣả 84 38.21 4.69 䳬攻 4608.145 189 24.382 䳬攟 98 36.73 5.26 ䷥␴ 4822.120 191 *p< .05 堐 10 ᶵ⎴借⊁⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰⼿↮䘬䘬ḳ⼴㭼庫 ⸛⛯㔠 㟉攟 ᷣả 䳬攟 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 㟉攟 37.40 - * ᷣả 34.63 - 䳬攟 33.90 * - 埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉 㟉攟 40.90 - * ᷣả 38.21 - 䳬攟 36.73 * - *p< .05

(19)

炷⚃炸ᶵ⎴忚ᾖ䎕⇍⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ᷳ䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰䘬ⶖ䔘ね⼊ ᶵ⎴忚ᾖ䎕⇍⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐忚ᾖㆸ㓰䞍奢䘬⸛⛯㔠ˣ㧁㸾ⶖ⍲ t 侫槿䳸㝄炻↿ 㕤堐 11ˤ䓙堐 11 䘬屯㕁栗䣢烉䡑⢓䎕⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉冯䡑⢓⛐借⮰䎕⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䘬 ⸛⛯㔠䴻䓙 t 侫槿炻℞ⶖ䔘᷎㛒忼栗叿㯜㸾炻堐䣢ᶵ⎴䎕⇍ᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐ 借忚ᾖㆸ㓰᷎㰺㚱栗叿ⶖ䔘ˤ 堐 IJIJġ ġ ᶵ⎴忚ᾖ䎕⇍⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳⶖ䔘ね⼊ġ 㥳朊 栆⇍ 㧋㛔㔠 ⸛⛯㔠 㧁㸾ⶖ t ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 䡑⢓䎕 30 39.80 3.81 2.06 ⛐借䎕 162 38.01 4.45 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 䡑⢓䎕 30 35.13 4.24 1.07 ⛐借䎕 162 34.27 3.97 埴䁢䳸㝄Ⰼ㫉 䡑⢓䎕 30 38.50 5.27 1.07 ⛐借䎕 162 37.43 4.97 炷Ḽ炸ᶵ⎴⯙嬨⸜䳂⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ᷳ䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰䘬ⶖ䔘ね⼊ ᶵ⎴⯙嬨⸜䳂⬠㟉埴㓧䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰䞍奢䘬⸛⛯㔠ˣ㧁㸾ⶖ⍲ t 侫槿䳸 㝄炻⤪堐 12 ㇨䣢ˤ䓙堐 12 䘬屯㕁⎗䞍炻⯙嬨䡑⢓䎕ᶨ⸜䳂⍲䡑⢓䎕Ḵ⸜䳂炷⏓ẍ ᶲ炸ᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳ⸛⛯㔠䴻䓙 t 侫槿炻℞ⶖ䔘᷎㛒忼栗叿㯜㸾炻 堐䣢ᶵ⎴⯙嬨⸜䳂ᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰᷎㰺㚱栗叿ⶖ䔘ˤ 堐 12 ᶵ⎴⯙嬨⸜䳂⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳⶖ䔘ね⼊ 㥳朊 栆⇍ 㧋㛔㔠 ⸛⛯㔠 㧁㸾ⶖ t ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 ᶨ⸜䳂 116 38.50 4.44 .81 Ḵ⸜䳂 76 27.97 4.34 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 ᶨ⸜䳂 116 34.49 4.04 .36 Ḵ⸜䳂 76 34.27 4.01 埴䁢䳸㝄Ⰼ㫉 ᶨ⸜䳂 116 37.87 5.15 .92 Ḵ⸜䳂 76 37.18 4.82 ġ ġ

(20)

炷ℕ炸ᶵ⎴㚵⊁╖ỵ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ᷳ䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰䘬ⶖ䔘ね⼊ ⚳⮷⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉冯⚳ᷕ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐忚ᾖㆸ㓰䞍奢䘬⸛⛯㔠ˣ㧁㸾ⶖ⍲ t 侫槿䳸㝄炻↿㕤堐 13ˤ䓙堐 13 䘬屯㕁栗䣢烉䓟⿏⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉冯⤛⿏⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ ⸛⛯㔠䴻䓙 t 侫槿炻℞ⶖ䔘᷎㛒忼栗叿㯜㸾炻堐䣢ᶵ⎴㚵⊁╖ỵᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞 ㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰᷎㰺㚱栗叿ⶖ䔘ˤ 堐 13 ᶵ⎴㚵⊁╖ỵ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳⶖ䔘ね⼊ 㥳朊 栆⇍ 㧋㛔㔠 ⸛⛯㔠 㧁㸾ⶖ t ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 ⚳⮷ 128 38.85 4.22 .66 ⚳ᷕ 64 37.20 4.56 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 ⚳⮷ 128 34.68 3.98 .94 ⚳ᷕ 64 33.84 4.06 埴䁢䳸㝄Ⰼ㫉 ⚳⮷ 128 38.113 4.87 .75 ⚳ᷕ 64 36.53 5.19

έȃ୽ҕϛωᏰᏰਮ՗ࢇΡষӵᙛ໌ওԙਝϞІᔖቹԩȃᏰಬቹԩ

Ѕ՗࣏ԙݎቹԩޟࣺᜰ௑לġ

䓙堐 14 䘬屯㕁栗䣢烉⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉ˣ⬠佺 Ⰼ㫉⍲埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉ᶱ侭ᷳ攻⏰䎦㬋䚠斄ᶼ⛯忼.01炷p< .01炸䘬栗叿㯜㸾炻⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 冯⬠佺Ⰼ㫉䘬䚠斄Ὢ㔠䁢.749炻⍵ㅱⰌ㫉冯埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉䁢.655炻⬠佺Ⰼ㫉冯埴䁢ㆸ 㝄Ⰼ㫉䁢.810ˤ㔜橼侴妨炻㛔䞼䨞䳸㝄栗䣢⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉ˣ ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉⍲埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉ᶱ侭㚱⭮↯䘬䚠斄ˤ 堐 14 ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉ˣ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉冯埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉ᶱ侭䘬䚠斄ね⼊炷N = 192炸 枭䚖 枭 䚠 䚖 斄 ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉 ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉 - .749** .655** ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉 - .810** 埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉 - **p< .01

(21)

Ѳȃᆣӫଆ፣ġ

㛔䞼䨞䳸㝄栗䣢⚳ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖ䘬ㆸ㓰姽Ộ䞍奢列⤥炻 㬌ᶨ䞼䨞䘤䎦冯⬇῱所炷2000炸䘬䞼䨞䳸㝄枿䁢ᶨ农ˤ⬇῱所炷2000炸㚦㍊妶㔁ⷓ ⮵⛐借忚ᾖ䘬㺧シ⹎ˣẍ⍲⮵㔁⬠ン⹎ˣ㔁⬠䷦㓰␴㟉⊁忳ἄ⼙枧䘬シ夳炻䞼䨞䘤 䎦㔁ⷓ⍫冯⛐借忚ᾖ㳣≽㔜橼ㆸ㓰⯂⤥炻侴㛔䞼䨞ḇ栗䣢⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ᾖᷳ ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉ˣ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉⍲埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉⛯Ⱄ列⤥ˤ㬌⢾炻㛔䞼䨞Ṏ䘤䎦ᶵ⎴側㘗嬲枭 ᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽Ộ䞍奢昌Ḯ借⊁㚱悐↮栗叿ⶖ䔘⢾炻℞检⎬ᶵ⎴側 㘗嬲枭⛯䃉栗叿ⶖ䔘炻栗䣢⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉㘖念娵⎴䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖ䘬ㆸ㓰ˤ 憅⮵ Kirkpatrick 姽Ộ㧉⺷ᷳ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉ˣ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉冯埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉攻䘬斄Ὢ炻㛔 䞼䨞䘤䎦ᶱ侭⼤㬌攻㚱栗叿㬋䚠斄炻㬌ᶨ䳸㝄冯∱㵹剔ˣ櫷よ⧇炷2007炸ˣ昛ⅈ㰅 炷2007炸䘬䞼䨞枿䁢ᶨ农炻⚈㬌ὅ㒂䞼䨞䳸㝄炻㛔䞼䨞娵䁢㍸ὃ⛐借㔁做Ṣ⒉忚ᾖ ᷳ㔁做埴㓧栆䞼䨞㇨ㅱℤ栏⍵ㅱˣ⬠佺⍲埴䁢䳸㝄䫱ᶱⰌ㫉ᷳ䴻䆇炻ẍ␤ㅱ⬠㟉埴 㓧Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ᾖᷳ㔁做䚖䘬ˤ ䷥㊔侴妨炻㛔䞼䨞䴻䓙㔯䌣㍊妶ˣ䃎溆⛀橼⹏婯ˣ⮰⭞⓷⌟ℏ⭡⮑㞍⍲㬋⺷⓷ ⌟婧㞍⺢㥳↢⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰ᷳ㥳朊炻䞼䨞᷎䘤䎦⬠ 㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰列⤥炻侴ᶵ⎴側㘗嬲枭⛐䞼䨞㇨忚ᾖㆸ㓰⣏⣂䃉栗 叿ⶖ䔘炻ᶼ忚ᾖㆸ㓰⎬Ⰼ㫉攻⏰栗叿㬋斄Ὢ炻㛔䞼䨞䳸㝄ῤ⼿ἄ䁢⮎㕥⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖᷳ䚠斄╖ỵ⍫侫ˤ

ӂȃ๖፣ᇄ࡚ដġ

㛔䞼䨞ẍ⚳ℏ⋩ℕᾳ㔁做埴㓧䚠斄䲣㇨ᷳ䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞䓇炷⚳㮹ᷕ⮷㟉 攟ˣ㔁ⷓℤᷣảˣ㔁ⷓℤ䳬攟炸䁢䞼䨞⮵尉炻᷎ẍ⚆㓞㚱㓰⓷⌟ 192 ấ忚埴↮㜸炻 ᷣ天䞼䨞䘤䎦⣏农⎗㬠䲵⤪ᶳ烉ᶨ炻㛔䞼䨞㍉䓐 Kirkpatrick 姽Ộ㧉⺷ᷳℏ㵝᷎⍫惴 ⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⮎⊁ね㱩炻㛔䞼䨞䴻䴙妰↮㜸⺢㥳↢⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰 姽揹慷堐炻⊭⏓ˬ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉ȹ婚䦳㔁⬠㺧シ˭ˣˬ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉ȹᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚㓡嬲˭⍲ ˬ埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉ȹⶍἄㅱ䓐冯届䌣˭䫱ᶱᾳⰌ朊炻᷎℟㚱列⤥䘬ᾉ㓰⹎烊Ḵ炻㔜橼 侴妨炻⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰列⤥炻ṳ㕤ˬ朆ⷠ䫎⎰˭⇘ˬ䫎 ⎰˭ᷳ攻炻⍵ㅱⰌ㫉⌛婚䦳㔁⬠㺧シ⹎⛐Ḽ溆慷堐⸛⛯⼿↮䁢 4.25炻⬠佺Ⰼ㫉⌛ᾳ Ṣㇵ傥⡆忚㓡嬲ね⼊䁢 4.30炻埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉⌛ⶍἄㅱ䓐届䌣䦳⹎䁢 4.17烊ᶱ炻⛐側

(22)

㘗嬲枭㕡朊炻ᶵ⎴⿏⇍ˣ⸜漉ˣ忚ᾖ䎕⇍ˣ⯙嬨⸜䳂⍲㔁做昶㭝ᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼 䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽Ộᶲ᷎䃉栗叿ⶖ䔘炻ᶵ⎴借⊁ᷳ⛐⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐䞼䨞㇨⛐借 忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽Ộᶲ悐↮㚱栗叿ⶖ䔘烊⚃炻⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖㆸ 㓰ᷳ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉ˣ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉冯埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉ᶱ侭攻㚱栗叿㬋䚠斄ˤ ὅ㒂䞼䨞䳸㝄炻㛔䞼䨞㍸↢⚃溆⺢嬘ẍὃ⎬⣏⬠㔁做埴㓧栆䚠斄䞼䨞㇨䴻䆇⛐ 借Ṣ⒉忚ᾖ⍲㛒Ἦ䞼䨞ᷳ⍫侫ˤ䫔ᶨˣ偗⭂⚳ℏ⎬⣏⬠㔁做埴㓧栆䞼䨞㇨䘬㔁做ㆸ 㓰烉㛔䞼䨞䘤䎦㗗⚳ᷕ⮷⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉炷㟉攟ˣ㔁ⷓℤᷣảˣ㔁ⷓℤ䳬攟炸傥偗⭂ ⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰炻⛐婚䦳㔁⬠㺧シˣᾳṢㇵ傥⡆忚⍲ㅱ䓐届䌣ᶱⰌ朊ᷳ䞍奢炻㕤Ḽ溆 慷堐⸛⛯⼿↮⎬㥳朊⛯忼 4.00 ẍᶲ炻堐䣢ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⣏悥傥㬋⎹娵⎴䞼䨞 ㇨⛐借忚ᾖ䘬ㆸ㓰炻⚈㬌⎬䓴ㅱ偗⭂⎬⣏⬠㔁做埴㓧栆䞼䨞㇨⛐➡做ᷕ⮷⬠⬠㟉埴 㓧Ṣ⒉㇨Ẁ↢䘬届䌣ˤ 䫔Ḵˣ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ᾖᷳ䚠斄䞼䨞㇨⎗㍉ Kirpatrick 䘬姽Ộ㧉⺷烉 Kirkpatick 䘬姽Ộ㧉⺷⛐ẩ㤕妻䶜⶚⺋㲃塓㍉䓐炻⚈娚㧉⺷㖶䡢㖻ㅪ炻㛔䞼䨞㇨⺢㥳 䘬⍵ㅱⰌ㫉ˣ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉⍲埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉ᷳ慷堐Ṏ栗䣢℟㚱列⤥䘬㓰⹎⍲ᾉ⹎炻⚈㬌 Kirkpatrick ᷳ姽Ộ㧉⺷ḇ怑䓐㕤⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ᷳ⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰姽揹炻ῤ⼿㔁做埴㓧 栆ᷳ䞼䨞㇨⍫侫ㅱ䓐炻⯌℞㗗忶⍣㔁做埴㓧ᷳ⬠埻䞼䨞庫⮹斄㲐 Kirkpatrick 䘬姽Ộ 㧉⺷炻ⶴ㛃啱䓙㛔䞼䨞䳸㝄傥╂崟㔁做埴㓧栆䞼䨞㇨䘬⬠埻⣍Ờ⍲䲣㇨ᷣ䭉⮵㬌姽 Ộ㧉⺷䘬㲐シˤ㬌⢾炻ᷕ⮷⬠⍲㔁做䚠斄╖ỵ彎䎮㔁ⷓ䞼佺忚ᾖṎ⎗⍫侫㛔⓷⌟ℏ ⭡⍲ Kirkpatrick 䘬㧉⺷炻啱㬌ẍ姽揹᷎䝕妋㔁ⷓ忚ᾖ䞼佺ᷳㆸ㓰ˤ 䫔ᶱˣẍ婚䦳㔁⬠㺧シ⹎䁢➢䢶炻忚侴傥≃⡆忚⍲⬠ẍ农䓐烉ᶨ凔侴妨炻⮵㕤 Kirkpatrick 䘬姽Ộ㧉⺷ᷳ⎬Ⰼ㫉斄Ὢ炻⣏悥娵䁢ㆸ⒉⮵㕤婚䦳ˣ㔁⬠ˣⷓ屯⍲姕⁁ 㺧シ⼴炻ᾳṢㇵ㚫㚱㇨⬠佺ㆸ攟᷎ㅱ䓐㇨⬠届䌣㕤䳬䷼炻㛔䞼䨞Ṏ栗䣢⍵ㅱⰌ㫉ˣ ⬠佺Ⰼ㫉⍲埴䁢ㆸ㝄Ⰼ㫉ᶱ侭㚱⭮↯㬋䚠斄炻㗗ẍ⺢嬘㔁做Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨䘬 䴻䆇炻椾⃰ㅱ娚⃰↮㜸䝕妋⇵Ἦ忚ᾖ㔁ⷓㆾ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䘬⬠佺暨㯪炻忚侴⥍┬夷 ∫⬱㌺㌰婚㗪攻ˣ婚䦳㔁⬠ℏ⭡⍲ⷓ屯姕⁁䫱炻Ṏ⌛ẍ⍵ㅱⰌ㫉䁢➢䢶炻ᷳ⼴ℵ䝕 妋㔁ⷓ⍲⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䘬婚䦳ℏ⭡⏠㓞ね⼊炻㚨⼴溻⊝㔁ⷓ⍲⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⮯㇨⬠ ㅱ䓐᷎届䌣㕤㔁做䎦⟜炻Ṏ⌛⮯ᾳṢ⬠佺廱嬲䁢⮵䳬䷼䘬届䌣炻忁ㇵ㗗⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ ⒉⛐借忚ᾖ䘬㚨慵天䚖䘬ˤ⍵ᷳ炻⤪㝄⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ᶵ㺧シ婚䦳冯㔁⬠ℏ⭡炻⇯⛐ 借忚ᾖ⼴⣏㤪ḇᶵ㚫㚱⣒⣂䘬㓡嬲ㆸ攟⍲ㅱ䓐届䌣炻㗗㓭⛐借忚ᾖ䞼䨞㇨ᷳ䴻䆇䭉 䎮ㅱẍ忚ᾖ埴㓧Ṣ⒉⮵婚䦳㔁⬠㺧シ⹎䁢➢䢶炻忚侴ἧ埴㓧Ṣ⒉ㇵ傥⡆忚᷎⮯䎮婾 冯⮎⊁忋䳸ˤ 䫔⚃ˣ⮵㕤㛒Ἦ䞼䨞䘬⺢嬘烉䞼䨞⮵尉⎗㒜⍲⛐⎬栆䞼䨞㇨忚ᾖ䘬ᷕ⮷⬠㔁ⷓ炻 䞼䨞㕡㱽ᶲ⎗㍉ᾳ㟰䞼䨞㱽炻⮵╖ᶨ䞼䨞㇨㶙ℍ䝕妋⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ᾖᷳㆸ

(23)

㓰炻⛐䞼䨞嬲枭㕡朊⎗ẍ≈ℍ⇵⚈⍲⼴㝄嬲枭炻ẍ㚜䁢⬴㔜⛘㍊妶↮㜸⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠ ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⛐借忚ᾖㆸ㓰䘬⼙枧⚈䳈炻⛐䞼䨞ⶍ℟㕡朊㛔䞼䨞㗗ẍ↮Ⰼ朊㕡⺷忚 埴⚈䳈↮㜸炻㛒Ἦ䞼䨞⎗ẍ⍫惴㛔䞼䨞⓷⌟⍲ Kirkpatrick 姽Ộ㧉⺷䚠斄⓷⌟⼊ㆸ冒 䶐⓷⌟炻᷎㍉㔜橼柴䚖㕡⺷忚埴㍊䳊⺷⚈䳈↮㜸ẍ⺢㥳⓷⌟㓰⹎炻ῤ⼿㍸愺䘬㗗炻 ⛐⍫侫㛔䞼䨞⓷⌟ᷳ䫔 17 柴㗪⎗⮯ˬ⃭↮˭ᶨ娆⇒昌炻⚈䁢ˬ⃭↮˭ᶨ娆⶚⊭⏓柣 䌯炻⠓䫼侭⎗䓙怠枭≈ẍ䞍奢炻㬌⢾㛔䞼䨞㗗㍉⓷⌟ᷳ冒昛㕡⺷䝕妋忚ᾖㆸ㓰炻⮯ Ἦ䘬䞼䨞⎗庼ẍ奨⮇ㆾ姒婯⍫冯忚ᾖᷳ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⍲℞ⶍἄ⣍Ờ炻⤪㬌⮯⎗忚ᶨ 㬍⌘嫱⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉⍫冯忚ᾖ⼴䘬㓡嬲⍲ㅱ䓐届䌣ね⼊ˤ

୤ՃМᝦġ

ᶩ⽿怈䶐叿炷2009炸ˤ➡妻䭉䎮ˤ⎘⊿烉㎂㘢ˤ 䌳⢓⻟炷2008炸ˤ䓊⬠⎰ἄ妻䶜㕡㟰ᷳ妻䶜ㆸ㓰姽Ộ烉ẍ S ℔⎠䓊㤕䞼䘤䡑⢓⮰䎕䁢 ἳˤ⚳䩳檀晬ㅱ䓐䥹㈨⣏⬠Ṣ≃屯㸸䘤⯽䲣䡑⢓䎕炻㛒↢䇰炻檀晬ⶪˤ 䌳啘呱炷2006炸ˤ屉䦭Ṣ⒉⛐借妻䶜ㆸ㓰姽Ộᷳ䞼䨞ˤ䌬⤀⣏⬠℔ℙḳ⊁䭉䎮⬠䲣䡑 ⢓⛐借⮰䎕䡑⢓婾㔯炻㛒↢䇰炻㕘䪡ⶪˤ 䌳渿暚炷2000炸ˤ㔁做埴㓧䞍嬀➢䢶冯㔁做埴㓧Ṣ⒉➡做ˤ庱㕤ᷕ厗㮹⚳㭼庫㔁做⬠ 㚫ᷣ䶐炻㕘ᶾ䲨䘬㔁做㊹㇘冯⎬⚳⚈ㅱ䫾䔍炷枩 455-482炸ˤ⎘⊿烉㎂㘢㔯⊾ˤ 㛙よ䏜炷嬗炸炷2008炸ˤẩ㤕妻䶜冯䘤⯽ˤP. N. Blanchard & J. W. Thacker ⍇叿ˤ⎘⊿烉

⬠⭴㔯⊾ˤ 㰇䏔䐄炷1999炸ˤ妻䶜ㆸ㓰姽Ộᷳ䞼䨞ˤ⚳䩳ᷕ⣖⣏⬠Ṣ≃屯㸸䭉䎮䞼䨞㇨䡑⢓婾㔯炻 㛒↢䇰炻㟫⚺䷋ˤ ⏛䑲㱣炷2006炸ˤ妻䶜ㆸ㓰䘬姽揹ˤ⑩岒㚰↲炻10炻44-48ˤ 㛶ⲯ岊炷2001炸ˤṢ≃屯㸸䘬妻䶜冯䘤⯽ˤ⎘⊿烉⓮溶ˤ 㛶昮䚃炷2008炸ˤ⎹ẩ㤕⬠佺烉⃳ỗ⯰䘬⚃Ⰼ㫉姽揹ˤ姽揹暁㚰↲炻13炻45-48ˤ 㜿㔯⼳炷1999炸ˤ㟉攟借⊁冯㟉攟借⇵㔁做ˣ⮶ℍ昶㭝冯⛐借忚ᾖˤ㔁做屯㕁冯䞼䨞炻 29炻1-10ˤ 㜿㔯㓧炷2006炸ˤ100 ↮䘬⬴㔜㔁做妻䶜ˤṢㇵ屯㛔炻4炻12-14ˤ 㜿㖶⛘炷2004炸ˤ⚳㮹ᷕ⮷⬠㟉攟➡妻䘬慵溆ᷳᶨ烉➡梲ˬ㊩临㓡┬˭䘬⮰㤕䞍傥ˤ 㔁做屯㕁冯䞼䨞炻56炻15-19ˤ ⬇῱所炷2000炸ˤ⎘⊿ⶪ⚳㮹⮷⬠㔁ⷓ⛐借忚ᾖᷳ姽揹䞼䨞ˤ㶉㰇⣏⬠㔁做䥹㈨⬠䲣 䡑⢓婾㔯炻㛒↢䇰炻⎘⊿䷋ˤ

(24)

㳒㥖㗕炷2006炸ˤṢ≃屯㸸䘤⯽烉ẩ㤕㔁做妻䶜⬴ℐㇳℲˤ⎘⊿烉Ḽ⋿ˤ ⼸⽿⽟炷2008炸ˤ㕘忚ᾅℐṢ⒉妻䶜ㆸ㓰ᷳ姽Ộˤ⚳䩳ᷕ⣖⣏⬠Ṣ≃屯㸸䭉䎮䞼䨞㇨ 䡑⢓⛐借⮰䎕䡑⢓婾㔯炻㛒↢䇰炻㟫⚺䷋ˤ ⬓㛔⇅ˣ㣲⭞婈炷2003炸ˤ↹ḳ嬎⮇⛐借妻䶜ㆸ㓰姽Ộᷳ䞼䨞ˤᷕ⣖嬎⮇⣏⬠⬠⟙炻 40炻147-180ˤ ⻝ṩ⭞炷2005炸ˤẩ㤕妻䶜冯䘤⯽ˤ⎘⊿烉ℐ厗䥹㈨ˤ ⻝晭よ炷2001炸ˤ妻䶜⚃Ⰼ㫉姽揹㧉⺷ᷳℏ㵝冯姽婾ˤṢ≃屯㸸䘤⯽㚰↲炻160炻7-12ˤ 匲ᶾ㜘ˣ㣲ṩ⢥ˣ湫ὲ䤍炷2002炸ˤ⍿妻≽㨇冯妻䶜姽慷ᶱᾳⰌ㫉ᷳ斄Ὢ䞼䨞ˤ䭉䎮 姽婾炻21炻2炻81-102ˤ 昛㖶春炷2001炸ˤ⎘暣℔⎠㟠傥⛐借妻䶜姽Ộᷳ䞼䨞——ẍ㜿⎋㟠傥妻䶜ᷕ⽫䁢ἳˤ ⚳䩳Ṍ忂⣏⬠䴻䆇䭉䎮䞼䨞㇨䡑⢓婾㔯炻㛒↢䇰炻㕘䪡ⶪˤ 昛ⅈ㰅炷2007炸ˤWJ 伶檖㔁做㨇㥳妻䶜ㆸ㓰姽Ộᷳ䞼䨞ˤ㧡⽟䥹㈨⣏⬠䴻䆇䭉䎮䞼 䨞㇨䡑⢓婾㔯炻ˤ 昛所啘ˣ䌳㾭⨟炷2006炸ˤˬ妻䶜㈽ℍˣ妻䶜⮎㕥䦳⸷ˣ妻䶜ㆸ㓰˭姽Ộ㧉⺷ᷳ㍊妶ˤ Ṣ≃屯㸸䭉䎮⬠⟙炻6炻1炻75-99ˤ 㚦㵹よ炷2004炸ˤ㔁做姽揹㧉⺷ˤ⎘⊿烉⽫䎮ˤ 湫⃱晬炷䶐嬗炸炷1989炸ˤ㔁做姽揹䘬㧉⺷ˤ⎘⊿烉ⷓ⣏㚠剹ˤ 湫㓧‹炷1990炸ˤ婚䦳姽揹ˤ⎘⊿烉ⷓ⣏㚠剹ˤ 湫䆇㛱炷嬗炸炷2006炸ˤ䭉䎮⬠ˤR. W. Griffin ⍇叿ˤ⎘⊿烉㜙厗ˤ 㣲㋗㖯炷2001炸ˤ伶⚳ᷕ⮷⬠㟉攟➡做⇞⹎⍲℞⮵ㆹ⚳㟉攟➡做ᷳ┇䣢ˤ庱㕤⚳䩳▱ 佑⣏⬠⚳㮹㔁做䞼䨞㇨ᷣ䶐炻ᷕ⮷⬠㟉攟⮰㤕ㆸ攟⇞⹎夷∫炷枩 89-146炸ˤ檀晬烉 ⽑㔯ˤ ∱㵹剔ˣ櫷よ⧇炷2007炸ˤẩ㤕妻䶜姽揹㧉⺷ᷳᾳ㟰䞼䨞~ẍ Kirkpatrick ᷳ㧉⺷䁢➢ 䢶ˤ䑘䎫䥹㈨Ṣ㔯⬠↲炻6炻71-88ˤ 㫸㹬␴炷2002炸ˤ㔁做㷔槿冯姽慷ˤ⎘⊿烉⽫䎮ˤ 哉忚晬炷2005炸ˤ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉䞼䨞㇨⛐借忚ᾖ㔁⬠㕡㱽ᷳ㍊妶ˤ⬠㟉埴㓧暁㚰↲炻 38炻1-10ˤ 哉忚晬炷2008炸ˤ㔁做埴㓧ΐ䎮ˤ⎘⊿烉⽫䎮ˤ 哉忚晬炷2009炸ˤ㍸⋯㟉攟⮰㤕䘤⯽䘬㚱㓰㔁⬠⍲℞ㆸ㓰姽揹ˤ㔁做䞼䨞㚰↲炻178炻 71-83ˤ 惕㗱㖴ˣ⏛䣱漵炷2006炸ˤ妻䶜䚖㧁冯ㆸ㓰姽Ộ⇍僓戌炰ˤṢㇵ屯㛔炻4炻15-17ˤ 䚏ẚ㸀炷2003炸ˤ㘞⚻墥忈℔⎠⛐借妻䶜妻䶜姽Ộᷳ䞼䨞——ẍ M ℔⎠䁢ἳˤ⚳䩳 Ṍ忂⣏⬠䭉䎮䥹⬠⬠䦳䡑⢓䎕䡑⢓婾㔯炻㛒↢䇰炻㕘䪡ⶪˤ

(25)

嫅㵹䍚ˣ昛㰩⿉炷2006炸ˤ妻䶜姽揹ˤ庱㕤昛㰩⿉ᷣ䶐炻妻䶜冯䘤⯽炷枩 176-211炸ˤ ⎘⊿烉暁叱ˤ ㇜㵹⩃炷2001炸ˤᷕ檀漉侭借㤕妻䶜ㆸ㓰姽Ộᷳ䞼䨞ˤ⚳䩳ᷕⰙ⣏⬠℔ℙḳ⊁䭉䎮䞼 䨞㇨䡑⢓婾㔯炻㛒↢䇰炻檀晬ⶪˤ 䯉⺢⾈炷1994炸ˤ妻䶜姽揹ˤ⎘⊿烉Ḽ⋿ˤ 䯉屆䌱炷嬗炸炷2008炸ˤ⒉ⶍ妻䶜冯傥≃䘤⯽ˤR. A. Noe ⍇叿ˤ⎘⊿烉Ḽ⋿ˤ

Alliger, G. M., & Janak, E. A. (1989). Kirkpatrick’s levels of training criteria: Thirty years later. Personnel Psychology, 42(2), 331-342.

Cowie, M., & Crawford, M. (2008). “Being” a new principal in Scotland. Journal of

Educational Administration, 46(6), 676-689.

Dyer, S. (1994). Kirkpatrick’s mirror. Journal of European Industrial Training, 18(5), 31-32.

Holton, E. F. III. (1996). The flawed four-level evaluation model. Human Resource

Development Quarterly, 7(1), 5-21.

Kerrins, J. A., & Cushing, K. S. (2003). Doing rounds: A leadership assessment model for prospective school administrators. Educational Leadership and Administration, 15, 11-23.

Kirkpatrick, D. L. (1996). Great ideas revisited. Training & Development, Jan., 54-59. Kirkpatrick, D. L., & Kirkpatrick, J. D. (2006). Evaluating training programs: The four

levels (3rd.). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.

Plant, R. A., & Ryan, R. J. (1994). Who is evaluating training烎Journal of European

Industrial Training, 18(5), 27-30.

Stufflebeam, D. L., Foley, W. J., Gephart, W. J., Guba, E. G., Hammond, R. L., Merriman, H. O., & Provus, M. M. (1971). Educational evaluation and decision making. Ithaca, IL: F. E. Peacock.

Stufflebeam, D. L., & Shinkfield, A. J. (1985). Systematic evaluation: A self-instruction

(26)

數據

Updating...

參考文獻

Updating...

相關主題 :