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一、課文綜合測驗(共 0 分,每題 0 分)
1. It is an acknowledged truth that words have power. But if you say words in a mean way,
words may end up __1__ other people‘s feelings. Verbal abuse occurs when people lose control of
their temper and say something impolite and offensive. Sometimes, it is an active assault, __2__
when a student is mocked, taunted or harassed by his or her classmates in the school or when a
boss tells an employee off for any job failure in the workplace. The home is probably __3__ place
that most people expect verbal abuse to happen, but it does happen when a parent insults or __4__
a child regularly. At other times, verbal abuse is passive. Passive verbal abuse takes place when a
parent ignores a child or frequently __5__ the child‘s opinions. Whether it is active or passive,
verbal abuse is not only emotionally damaging but also physically harmful.
( 1 ) ( ) (A) hurting
(C) being hurt
(D) to hurt
( 2 ) ( ) (A) unlike
(D) as if
( 3 ) ( ) (A) the very
(B) the same
(C) the best
(D) the last
( 4 ) ( ) (A) scored
( 5 ) ( ) (A) counts
答案： ( 1 ) A ( 2 ) C ( 3 ) D ( 4 ) B ( 5 ) C
2. The scientific research has demonstrated how much verbal abuse can affect us. For those
who have __1__ verbal abuse, they are very likely to have low self-esteem and be plagued by
depression, anxiety or even post-traumatic stress disorder. __2__ depressed and hopeless, the
verbally abused run an increased risk of committing suicide. What‘s worse, victims of verbal abuse
often wind up __3__ their pain on other people because this is the only way of expression they
know. The cycle of abuse thus continues. __4__ the brain scans of the victims, researchers
uncovered that these victims‘ brains looked much like those of disabled people. In some cases, the
trauma of verbal abuse causes the left side of the brain to stop developing and leads to permanent
memory loss. Besides, verbal abuse reduces victims‘ language ability and diminishes their senses
as well. The mental scars resulting from verbal abuse can run so deep as to become __5__ thing
that people are able to recover from. Therefore, we should always remind ourselves to choose our
words carefully before we utter them.
( 1 ) ( ) (A) exposed to
(B) supposed to (C) been exposed to (D) been supposed to
( 2 ) ( ) (A) Leaving
(B) To leave
(C) Having left
( 3 ) ( ) (A) inflicting
(B) to inflict
(D) being inflicted
( 4 ) ( ) (A) To examine
(D) Having examined
( 5 ) ( ) (A) the best
(B) the very
(C) the last
(D) the same
答案： ( 1 ) C ( 2 ) D ( 3 ) A ( 4 ) B ( 5 ) C
3. Whenever people say mean or rude remarks, one can feel hurt. It is because that words
have power, which is a __1__ recognized truth that mean words may hurt people‘s feelings. While
most people have experiences of being verbally abused, they may never have __2__ the scientific
research—that verbal abuse is not only emotionally damaging, but also physically harmful. There
are various forms of verbal abuse. An active __3__ is when a boss tells an employee off by calling
one an ―idiot.‖ It also happens between the family __4__ a parent insults or scolds a child regularly.
stress disorder if the scars are too deep. What‘s more, they can __8__ inflicting their pain on others.
The cycle of abuse does not stop because a victim may __9__ hope to regain power by becoming
an abuser to do so. Surprisingly, __10__ the brain scans of these victims, researchers realized that
their brains looked much like those of disabled people. What recent studies have also uncovered is
that the trauma of verbal abuse can lead to permanent decline in memory and reduce language
( 1 ) ( ) (A) widely
( 2 ) ( ) (A) contracted
( 3 ) ( ) (A) attraction
( 4 ) ( ) (A) what
( 5 ) ( ) (A) discounts
( 6 ) ( ) (A) Exposure
(B) Having exposed (C) Exposing
( 7 ) ( ) (A) Sometime
(B) At times
(C) At a time
(D) All the time
( 8 ) ( ) (A) stick up
(B) give up
(C) wind up
(D) pick up
( 9 ) ( ) (A) substantially
(C) intelligently (D) unconsciously
( 1 0 )
( ) (A) examining (B) to examine
( 1 ) A ( 2 ) D ( 3 ) C ( 4 ) B ( 5 ) A ( 6 ) D ( 7 ) B ( 8 ) C ( 9 ) D ( 1 0 ) A
Mean words often wind up hurting people‘s feelings. But such verbal abuse is quite
common, ___1___ different forms in our daily lives. It can be an active assault such as mocking or
harassing others. Though family is ___2___ place to encounter verbal abuse, it happens when a
parent scolds a child regularly. It can be ___3___ as well: Unheard apparently, it takes place
especially when a parent ignores a child or frequently discounts the child‘s opinions. So, it seems
to come ___4___ no surprise that most of us have experienced verbal abuse more or less. For those
who have long been exposed to verbal abuse, however, ___5___ highly likely to have low
self-esteem and suffer from emotional problems like depression. ___6___ depressed, these people
run a bigger risk of committing suicide! Even though they don‘t go to such extreme, they often
inflict their pain ___7___ other people unconsciously. Studies have indicated the long-term
physical damage caused by verbal abuse. One focused on the brains of the verbally abused, finding
that these victims‘ brains looked much like ___8___ disabled people. In some cases, the trauma of
verbal abuse even caused the left brain to stop developing, ___9___ often leads to a permanent
decline in memory. Verbal abuse will reduce language ability as well as diminish the senses. From
the above point of view, ___10___ it is true that most wounds will heal eventually, the mental scars
cut by words can run very deep.
( 1 ) ( ) (A) taking
( 2 ) ( ) (A) the first
(B) the last
(C) the least
(D) the next
( 3 ) ( ) (A) massive
( 4 ) ( ) (A) with
( 5 ) ( ) (A) it is
(B) it seems
(C) they are
(D) there is
( 6 ) ( ) (A) Felt
( 7 ) ( ) (A) on
( 8 ) ( ) (A) the
(C) that of
(D) those of
Verbal abuse, meaning words that hurt others‘ feelings, happens every day. ___1___,
little do we realize how much verbal abuse can affect us. Whether it is an active ___2___ or a
racist taunt, scientific research has demonstrated that verbal abuse results in not only emotional
damage but also physical harm. ___3___ from verbal abuse, people are highly likely to have low
self-esteem, further causing emotional problems, such as anxiety or depression. Sometimes, the
scars it leaves are so deep that some victims ___4___ an increased ___4___ committing suicide.
What‘s worse, some even inflict their own pain ___5___ other people. One study focused on the
brains of the ___6___. Examining the brain scans of these victims, researchers discovered that
their brains looked much like ___7___ of disabled people. Another study achieved the result
___8___ the trauma of verbal abuse even caused the left side of the brain to stop developing. Also,
a study proves that verbal abuse can reduce language ability ___9___ weakening the senses. With
these studies, we can conclude that while it is true that most wounds will ___10___ little by little,
the mental scars that result from verbal abuse can last long. Therefore, we should choose our words
very wisely before we utter them.
( 1 ) ( ) (A) Nonetheless
( 2 ) ( ) (A) stereotype
( 3 ) ( ) (A) Suffered
(C) To suffer
(D) To be suffered
( 4 ) ( ) (A) raise; number of
(B) run; risk of
(C) make; contribution to
(D) play; role in
( 5 ) ( ) (A) with
( 6 ) ( ) (A) verbal abuse
(B) verbally abusing (C) abuse verbally(D) verbally abused
( 7 ) ( ) (A) that
( 8 ) ( ) (A) which
( 9 ) ( ) (A) as well as
(B) rather than
(C) but also
(D) except for
( 1 0 ) ( ) (A) cure
答( 1 ) A ( 2 ) C ( 3 ) B ( 4 ) B ( 5 ) D ( 6 ) D ( 7 ) C ( 8 ) B ( 9 ) A ( 1 0 ) C
二、綜合測驗(共 0 分,每題 0 分)
1. Throughout history, left-handed people have been treated differently from right-handed
people. In the past, those who used their left hand were believed to be evil.
One reason the left hand was thought of __1__ evil was because of the word ―sinister‖— the
Latin word for ―left.‖ During Roman times, all togas had left pockets. When Julius Ceasar was
murdered, his killers hid their daggers in these pockets. Now there is a superstition about left
pockets. Anything __2__ in your left pocket must have an evil purpose. __3__ reason is
found in the Hebrew Bible. A name for the Devil is ―Samael,‖ which sounds like ―se‘mol‖—
Hebrew for ―the left side.‖ Samael was the serpent that __4__ Eve in the Garden of Eden. Since he
was evil and his name sounded like the word for left side, then people believed anything done with
the left hand was evil. Even the phrases used to descibe left-handed are rude. The phrase a
―left-handed compliment‖ means someone gives a compliment, but the meaning is actually a(n)
__5__. For example, if you tell someone that his shirt looks nice and it covers his fat stomach, that
is a left-handed compliment. There are other phrases that are not kind. If you are a bad dancer, then
you have two left feet. The French word ―gauche,‖ which means ―left,‖ is used to describe
someone that does not have grace or skill.
( 3 ) ( ) (A) The other
(C) Any other
( 4 ) ( ) (A) indicated
( 5 ) ( ) (A) insult
答案： ( 1 ) C ( 2 ) A ( 3 ) D ( 4 ) B ( 5 ) A
2. ―OK‖ is a word that we use every day. It can be used as a noun (Please get your teacher‘s
OK.), verb (I will not OK that report.), adverb (The computer is working OK.), or adjective (Tom
is OK now.). Just __1__ there are many usages, there are also many stories about the origin of this
short but popular word.
Some say that the word came from ―Old Kinderhook,‖ the nickname of the American
president Martin Van Buren, __2__ hometown was Kinderhook, New York. __3__ say that it came
from ―okeh,‖ a word from an American Indian tribe or from Orrin Kendall crackers, a snack
popular with soldiers during the American Civil War.
In fact, most English-language experts today say that the word ―OK‖ is an abbreviation that
probably came from a misspelling of the phrase ―all correct‖ in 1839. In those days, abbreviating
popular phrases had become very popular. At the same time, some people wanted to be different
and funny, so they misspelled words and phrases on purpose, in the same way some young people
today purposely misspell the word ―cool‖ __4__ ―kewl.‖
Thus, ―OK‖ was probably first used in Boston as an abbreviation of the intentional
misspelling ―oll korrect.‖ This was a joke, since neither the O nor the K was correct for the
abbreviation of ―all correct.‖ The word ―OK‖ soon spread to the newspapers, __5__ in an article in
the Boston Morning Post in 1839, and then became a part of the English language in the years that
Though there are many stories about the origin of this word, some things are for sure: ―OK,‖ a
little word with a big history, has become one of the most popular words in the English language
and is used in countries around the world.
( 1 ) ( ) (A) like
( 2 ) ( ) (A) who
( 3 ) ( ) (A) Others
(B) The other
(D) The others
( 4 ) ( ) (A) of
( 5 ) ( ) (A) appearing
(C) which appear
(D) that appeared
答案： ( 1 ) B ( 2 ) D ( 3 ) A ( 4 ) C ( 5 ) A
˙單選題共 56 題
˙選擇題用 2B 鉛筆在「答案卡」上作答；更正時，應
第 壹 部 分 ： 單 選 題 （ 占 7 2 分 ）
一 、 詞 彙 題 （ 占 1 5 分 ）
1. Nowadays many companies adopt a ______ work schedule which allows their employees to decide when to arrive at work—from as early as 6 a.m. to as late as 11 a.m.
(A) relative (B) severe (C) primitive (D) flexible
2. To teach children right from wrong, some parents will ______ their children when they behave well and punish them when they misbehave.
(A) settle (B) declare (C) reward (D) neglect
3. To stick to a tight budget, Robert bought a more ______ LED TV instead of a fancy, expensive 3D TV. (A) technical (B) significant (C) affordable (D) expressive 4. David‘s new book made it to the best-seller list because of its beautiful ______ and amusing stories.
(A) operations (B) illustrations (C) engagements (D) accomplishments 5. The airport was closed because of the snowstorm, and our ______ for Paris had to be delayed until
the following day.
(A) movement (B) registration (C) tendency (D) departure
6. The moment the students felt the earthquake, they ran ______ out of the classroom to an open area outside.
(A) swiftly (B) nearly (C) loosely (D) formally
7. The ______ capacity of this elevator is 400 kilograms. For safety reasons, it shouldn‘t be overloaded. (A) delicate (B) automatic (C) essential (D) maximum
8. An open display of ______ behavior between men and women, such as hugging and kissing, is not allowed in some conservative societies.
(A) intimate (B) ashamed (C) earnest (D) urgent
9. When taking medicine, we should read the instructions on the ______ carefully because they provide important information such as how and when to take it.
(A) medals (B) quotes (C) labels (D) recipes
10. The angry passengers argued ______ with the airline staff because their flight was cancelled without any reason.
(A) evidently (B) furiously (C) obediently (D) suspiciously 11. To ______ the new product, the company offered some free samples before they officially launched it.
(A) contribute (B) impress (C) promote (D) estimate
12. I was worried about my first overseas trip, but my father ______ me that he would help plan the trip so that nothing would go wrong.
(A) rescued (B) assured (C) inspired (D) conveyed 13. The recent cooking oil scandals have led to calls for tougher ______ of sales of food products.
(A) tolerance (B) guarantee (C) regulation (D) distribution 14. John should ______ more often with his friends and family after work, instead of staying in his
room to play computer games.
(A) explore (B) interact (C) negotiate (D) participate
15. To prevent the spread of the Ebola virus from West Africa to the rest of the world, many airports have begun Ebola ______ for passengers from the infected areas.
二 、 綜 合 測 驗 （ 占 1 5 分 ）
第 16 至 20 題為題組
Tai Chi Chuan is a type of ancient Chinese martial art. People 16 Tai Chi mainly for its health benefits. This centuries-old Chinese mind-body exercise is now gaining popularity in the United States.
The most familiar aspect of Tai Chi Chuan is the hand form, which is a series of slow-flowing movements with poetic names 17 ―dragons stirring up the wind‖ and ―wave hands like clouds.‖ These movements, forming an exercise system, 18 one to effortlessly experience the vital life force, or the Qi energy, in one‘s body.
Tai Chi Chuan is not only a physical but also a 19 exercise. Psychologically, this exercise may increase communication between the body and the mind and enable one to deal with other people more effectively. It 20 stress and creates calmness and confidence. Relaxation and a feeling of joy are among the first noticeable differences in a Tai Chi student.
16. (A) practice (B) consult (C) display (D) manage 17. (A) from (B) like (C) between (D) regarding 18. (A) allow (B) allows (C) allowed (D) allowing 19. (A) formal (B) mental (C) social (D) global 20. (A) imposes (B) offends (C) reduces (D) disturbs 第 21 至 25 題為題組
Much like the dove and robin, the bluebird is considered a very lucky sign in most cultures, particularly when seen in the spring. 21 , a woodpecker, when seen near the home, is regarded as a good sign. In contrast, the peacock is not 22 seen as lucky. In places like India, the peacock is considered lucky because the great many ―eyes‖ on its feathers are said to alert it to 23 evil. Peacocks are also highly valued in China and Japan, where they are kept as symbols by the ruling families to 24 their status and wealth. However, the peacock receives only scorn from the rest of the world. The feathers of peacocks are considered the most 25 part of the bird because the eye-shaped markings on them are associated with ―evil eyes.‖ To bring the evil eye into the home is thus believed to invite trouble and sorrow.
21. (A) Therefore (B) Nevertheless (C) Roughly (D) Similarly 22. (A) officially (B) mutually (C) universally (D) eventually 23. (A) approach (B) approaching (C) approached (D) be approaching 24. (A) replace (B) disguise (C) distinguish (D) represent 25. (A) unlucky (B) illogical (C) impossible (D) unnecessary
第 26 至 30 題為題組
Nutritional products that can be collected from trees include fruits, nuts, seeds, leaves, and bark. Tree products have been an important part of diets for thousands of years, from early humans 26 fruits and nuts to the first cultivation of important trees, such as mango and apple.
The apple is one of the world‘s most cultivated fruit trees, 27 over 7,000 different kinds in existence. Despite their great 28 , however, most domesticated apples can be traced back to a common ancestor, the wild apple of Central Asia, Malus sieversii. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, and 29 to North America by European colonists in the 17th century. Today, apples are 30 eaten the world over and form the basis for multi-million dollar industries. In 2005, at least 55 million tons of apples were grown worldwide, which generated a value of about $10 billion.
26. (A) to gather (B) gather (C) gathered (D) gathering 27. (A) all (B) with (C) around (D) still 28. (A) variety (B) harvest (C) condition (D) discovery
29. (A) bring (B) have brought (C) were brought (D) have been brought 30. (A) regularly (B) particularly (C) permanently (D) barely
三 、 文 意 選 填 （ 占 1 0 分 ）
說明：第31題至第40題，每題一個空格，請依文意在文章後所提供的 (A) 到 (J) 選項中分別
第 31 至 40 題為題組
A paperclip, made of steel wire bent into a hooped shape, is an instrument used to hold sheets of paper together. This common 31 is a wonder of simplicity and function. But where did this simple, cheap, and indispensable invention come from?
In the late 19th century, the most common way to hold papers together was by using a pin. Although the pin was an inexpensive tool and was easily 32 , it would leave holes in the paper. Later, as steel wire became more common, inventors began to notice its elastic feature. With this feature, it could be stretched and 33 various clip-like objects. In the years just prior to 1900, quite a few paperclip designs emerged. The name most frequently 34 the paperclip invention is Johan Vaaler, a Norwegian inventor. However, Vaaler‘s clips were not the same as the paperclips currently in use. Specifically, they did not have the interior loop we see today. The 35 looped design was invented by Gem Manufacturing Ltd. in England. This clip is therefore sometimes 36 the Gem clip.
Because of Vaaler, the paperclip played an important 37 role in Norway. During World War II, Norway was occupied by the Nazis. Norwegians were prohibited from wearing any 38 of their national unity, such as buttons with the initials of their king. Thus, in 39 , they started wearing paperclips to show their solidarity. The reason for doing this was simple: Paperclips were a Norwegian invention whose original function was to bind together. After the war, a giant paperclip statue was erected in Oslo to 40 Vaaler—even though his design was never actually manufactured.
(A) familiar (B) honor (C) device (D) removable (E) known as (F) protest (G) symbol (H) twisted into ( I ) associated with ( J ) historical
四 、 閱 讀 測 驗 （ 占 3 2 分 ）
第 41 至 44 題為題組
In 2009, the Taiwu Elementary School Folk Singers were invited to perform in Belgium, France, Germany, and Luxemburg. In 2011, they were voted as one of the world‘s top five performance groups by audiences of Japan Broadcasting Corporation‘s Amazing Voice program.
Recalling the group‘s first tour in Europe, Camake Valaule, a physical education teacher and the founder of the Taiwu Elementary School Folk Singers, admitted that he felt very nervous. He was worried that the audience would fall asleep since most of the 75-minute performance was a cappella, that is, singing without instrumental sound. Surprisingly, the audience listened with full focus and high spirits. Camake said, ―They told me afterward that through our performance, they had a vision of our country, our village, without having to visit it. This experience greatly boosted our confidence.‖
According to Camake Valaule, singing traditional ballads has helped students and their parents to re-understand their culture. ―It used to be that the only ones who could sing these songs were tribal elders aged between 50 and 60. Now with the children performing the pieces, parents are beginning to ask, ‗Why do we not know how to sing these ballads?‘ Many times nowadays, it is the children who teach the songs to their parents, putting back the pieces of a blurred memory.‖
Winning international fame, however, was neither the original intention nor the main reason why Camake founded the group in 2006. The most important thing was to make children understand why they sing these songs and to preserve and pass on their culture. Referring to the relocation of Taiwu Elementary School and Taiwu Village following Typhoon Morakot in August 2009, Camake said, ―We could not take the forest or our houses in the mountains with us; but we were able to bring our culture along. As long as the children are willing to sing, I will always be there for them, singing with them and leading them to experience the meaning of the ballads.‖
41. Which of the following is true about Taiwu Elementary School Folk Singers? (A) The group was first established in 2009.
(B) The group was founded by a PE teacher. (C) The singers usually sing popular folk songs. (D) The singers learn to sing from their parents.
42. On his first trip to Europe, why did Camake think the audience might fall asleep? (A) The average age of the audience was between fifty and sixty.
(B) Most of the performance was not accompanied by any instrument. (C) Nobody could understand the language and the meaning of the songs. (D) The audience could not visualize the theme sung by the school children.
43. What does ―the pieces of a blurred memory‖ in the third paragraph most likely refer to? (A) The children‘s ignorance of their own culture.
(B) The fading memories about old tribal people. (C) The broken pieces of knowledge taught at school.
(D) The parents‘ vague understanding of their own tradition. 44. What did Camake realize after the incident of Typhoon Morakot?
(A) The significance of the relocation of Taiwu Elementary School. (B) The need to respect nature to avoid being destroyed by it. (C) The importance of passing on the traditional culture. (D) The consequence of building houses in the forest.
第 45 至 48 題為題組
When it comes to medical care, many patients and doctors believe ―more is better.‖ But what they do not realize is that overtreatment—too many scans, too many blood tests, too many procedures—may pose harm. Sometimes a test leads you down a path to more and more testing, some of which may be invasive, or to treatment for things that should be left alone.
Terrence Power, for example, complained that after his wife learned she had Wegener‘s disease, an uncommon disorder of the immune system, they found it difficult to refuse testing recommended by her physician. The doctor insisted on office visits every three weeks, even when she was feeling well. He frequently ordered blood tests and X-rays, and repeatedly referred her to specialists for even minor complaints. Even when tests came back negative, more were ordered, and she was hospitalized as a precaution when she developed a cold. She had as many as 25 doctor visits during one six-month period. The couple was spending about $30,000 a year for her care.
After several years of physical suffering and near financial ruin from the medical costs, the couple began questioning the treatment after consulting with other patients in online support groups. ―It‘s a really hard thing to determine when they‘ve crossed the line,‖ Mr. Power said. ―You think she‘s getting the best care in the world, but after a while you start to wonder: What is the objective?‖ Mr. Power then spoke with his own primary care doctor, who advised him to find a new specialist to oversee Mrs. Power‘s care. Under the new doctor‘s care, the regular testing stopped and Mrs. Power‘s condition stabilized. Now she sees the doctor only four or five times a year.
45. What is the main idea of this passage?
(A) Treatments do not always cause harmful side effects. (B) Patients tend to believe more testing is better treatment. (C) Too much medical care may not be beneficial to patients. (D) Doctors generally recommend office visits that are necessary.
46. Which of the following was a problem for Mrs. Power during her medical treatment? (A) She had to be hospitalized for three weeks whenever she had a cold.
(B) She didn‘t have any insurance, so she went broke because of her illness. (C) When test results showed she was fine, her doctor still ordered more tests. (D) Her doctor asked her to consult other specialists due to her constant complaints. 47. Who does ―they‖ in the third paragraph most likely refer to?
(A) Physicians. (B) Other patients.
(C) Mr. and Mrs. Power. (D) The online support groups. 48. Which of the following best describes the author‘s attitude toward medical tests?
(A) More tests than necessary are too much.
(B) Medical tests are essential for disease prevention. (C) Many tests are needed for confirmation of diagnosis. (D) Doctors‘ interpretations of test results are seldom wrong. 第 49 至 52 題為題組
Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908–2004) is one of the most original and inf luential figures in the history of photography. His humane, spontaneous photographs helped establish photojournalism as an art form.
Cartier-Bresson‘s family was wealthy—his father made a fortune as a textile manufacturer—but Cartier-Bresson later joked that due to his parents‘ frugal ways, it often seemed as though his family was poor.
Educated in Paris, Cartier-Bresson developed an early love for literature and the arts. As a teenager, Cartier-Bresson rebelled against his parents‘ formal ways of education. In his early adulthood, he even drifted toward communism. But it was art that remained at the center of his life.
Cartier-Bresson traveled to Africa in 1931 to hunt antelope and boar. And Africa fueled another interest in him: photography. He then wandered around the world with his camera, using a handheld camera to catch images from fleeting moments of everyday life.
Not long after World War II, Cartier-Bresson traveled east, spending considerable time in India, where he met and photographed Gandhi shortly before his assassination in 1948. Cartier-Bresson‘s subsequent work to document Gandhi‘s death and its immediate impact on the country became one of Life Magazine‘s most prized photo essays.
Cartier-Bresson‘s approach to photography remained much the same throughout his life. He made clear his dislike of images that had been improved by artificial light, darkroom effects, and even cropping. The naturalist in Cartier-Bresson believed that all editing should be done when the photo is taken. In 1952, his first book, The Decisive Moment, a rich collection of his work spanning two decades, was published. ―There is nothing in this world that does not have a decisive moment,‖ he said.
In 1968, he began to turn away from photography and returned to his passion for drawing and painting. 49. Which of the following best describes Cartier-Bresson‘s family background?
(A) His family was rich but was very economical. (B) His father went to Paris to open a textile factory. (C) His wealthy family went bankrupt and became poor. (D) His parents were very liberal in their ways of education.
50. Which of the following is true about Cartier-Bresson‘s career in photography? (A) He devoted himself to photography all his life.
(B) He developed a passion for photography when he traveled to Africa. (C) He quit photography right after the publication of The Decisive Moment. (D) During World War II, he documented the everyday life of the Indian people. 51. What significance did Cartier-Bresson have to Gandhi of India?
(A) He witnessed Gandhi‘s assassination in 1948.
(B) He was the first photographer to take Gandhi‘s photo.
(C) He used photos to document the effect of Gandhi‘s death on India. (D) His photos told the world who was guilty of assassinating Gandhi.
52. Which of the following is true about Cartier-Bresson‘s approach to photography? (A) He never waited for a decisive moment to shoot photos.
(B) He preferred to edit his images carefully in his darkroom. (C) Most of his photos described things that happen every day.
(D) He experimented with different ways and settled on being a naturalist. 第 53 至 56 題為題組
You‘ve most likely heard the news by now: A car-commuting, desk-bound, TV-watching lifestyle can be harmful to our health. All the time that we spend rooted in the chair is linked to increased risks of so many deadly diseases that experts have named this modern-day health epidemic the ―sitting disease.‖
Sitting for too long slows down the body‘s metabolism and the way enzymes break down our fat reserves, raising both blood sugar levels and blood pressure. Small amounts of regular activity, even just standing and moving around, throughout the day is enough to bring the increased levels back down. And those small amounts of activity add up—30 minutes of light activity in two or three-minute bursts can be just as effective as a half-hour block of exercise. But without that activity, blood sugar levels and blood pressure keep creeping up, steadily damaging the inside of the arteries and increasing the risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and other serious diseases. In essence, fundamental changes in biology occur if you sit for too long.
But wait, you‘re a runner. You needn‘t worry about the harm of a sedentary lifestyle because you exercise regularly, right? Well, not so fast. Recent studies show that people spend an average of 64 hours a week sitting, whether or not they exercise 150 minutes a week as recommended by World Health Organization (WHO). Regular exercisers, furthermore, are found to be about 30 percent less active on days when they exercise. Overall, most people simply aren‘t exercising or moving around enough to counteract all the harm that can result from sitting nine hours or more a day.
53. What is the purpose of this passage?
(A) To point out the challenges of the modern lifestyle. (B) To discuss how a modern epidemic may spread quickly. (C) To explore the effects of regular exercise to our body. (D) To explain the threat to our health from long hours of sitting.
54. What does the word ―sedentary‖ in the third paragraph most likely mean?
(A) Modern. (B) Risky. (C) Inactive. (D) Epidemic. 55. What is the best way to bring down high blood sugar level and blood pressure?
(A) Exercising for 150 minutes or more every week.
(B) Getting rid of the habit of car commuting and TV watching. (C) Interrupting sitting time with light activity as often as possible.
(D) Standing or moving around for at least two or three minutes every day. 56. Which of the following may be inferred about those who do serious exercise?
(A) They often live longer than those who don‘t exercise.
(B) They tend to stand or move around less on days they work out. (C) They generally spend less time sitting than those who are inactive.
(D) They usually do not meet the standard of exercise recommended by WHO.
第 貳 部 分 ： 非 選 擇 題 （ 占 2 8 分 ）
一 、 中 譯 英 （ 占 8 分 ）
2.請依序作答，並標明子題號。每題4分，共8分。1. 一個成功的企業不應該把獲利當作最主要的目標。 2. 它應該負起社會責任，以增進大眾的福祉。
˙單選題共 56 題
˙選擇題用 2B 鉛筆在「答案卡」上作答；更正時，應
第 壹 部 分 ： 單 選 題 （ 占 7 2 分 ）
一 、 詞 彙 題 （ 占 1 5 分 ）
1. Lost and scared, the little dog ______ along the streets, looking for its master.
(A) dismissed (B) glided (C) wandered (D) marched
2. On a sunny afternoon last month, we all took off our shoes and walked on the grass with _____ feet. (A) bare (B) raw (C) tough (D) slippery
3. It is both legally and _______ wrong to spread rumors about other people on the Internet. (A) morally (B) physically (C) literarily (D) commercially 4. These warm-up exercises are designed to help people _____ their muscles and prevent injuries.
(A) produce (B) connect (C) broaden (D) loosen
5. Mei-ling has a very close relationship with her parents. She always ______ them before she makes important decisions.
(A) impresses (B) advises (C) consults (D) motivates
6. The restaurant has a _____ charge of NT$250 per person. So the four of us need to pay at least NT$1,000 to eat there.
(A) definite (B) minimum (C) flexible (D) numerous 7. At the Book Fair, exhibitors from 21 countries will _______ textbooks, novels, and comic books.
(A) predict (B) require (C) display (D) target
8. Before John got on the stage to give the speech, he took a deep ________ to calm himself down. (A) order (B) rest (C) effort (D) breath
9. Most young people in Taiwan are not satisfied with a high school _____ and continue to pursue further education in college.
(A) maturity (B) diploma (C) foundation (D) guarantee
10. Residents are told not to dump all household waste _____ into the trash can; reusable materials should first be sorted out and recycled.
(A) shortly (B) straight (C) forward (D) namely
11. Kevin had been standing on a ladder trying to reach for a book on the top shelf when he lost his and fell to the ground.
(A) volume (B) weight (C) balance (D) direction
12. If student enrollment continues to drop, some programs at the university may be to reduce the operation costs.
(A) relieved (B) eliminated (C) projected (D) accounted
13. People in that remote village feed themselves by hunting and engaging in _____ forms of agriculture. No modern agricultural methods are used.
(A) universal (B) splendid (C) primitive (D) courteous
14. The government issued a travel _____ for Taiwanese in response to the outbreak of civil war in Syria. (A) alert (B) monument (C) exit (D) circulation
15. The baby panda Yuan Zai at the Taipei Zoo was separated from her mother because of a minor injury that occurred during her birth. She was ______ by zookeepers for a while.
(A) departed (B) jailed (C) tended (D) captured
二 、 綜 合 測 驗 （ 占 1 5 分 ）
者，該題以零分計算。第 16 至 20 題為題組
Aesop, the Greek writer of fables, was sitting by the roadside one day when a traveler asked him what sort of people lived in Athens. Aesop replied, ―Tell me where you come from and what sort of people live there, and I‘ll tell you what sort of people you‘ll find in Athens.‖ 16 , the man answered, ―I come from Argos, and there the people are all friendly, generous, and warm-hearted. I love them.‖ 17 this, Aesop answered, ―I‘m happy to tell you, my dear friend, that you‘ll find the people of Athens much the same.‖
A few hours later, 18 traveler came down the road. He too stopped and asked Aesop the same question. 19 , Aesop made the same request. But frowning, the man answered, ―I‘m from Argos and there the people are unfriendly, 20 , and vicious. They‘re thieves and murderers, all of them.‖ ―Well, I‘m afraid you‘ll find the people of Athens much the same,‖ replied Aesop.
16. (A) Amazing (B) Smiling (C) Deciding (D) Praying 17. (A) At (B) By (C) For (D) Into 18. (A) a (B) the (C) other (D) another 19. (A) Again (B) Indeed (C) Together (D) Moreover 20. (A) brave (B) lonely (C) mean (D) skinny 第 21 至 25 題為題組
Every year tens of thousands of tourists visit Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Tanzania, Africa, to witness the scenes depicted in Earnest Hemingway‘s The Snows of Kilimanjaro. They are attracted by the American writer‘s 21 of the millennia-old glaciers. However, this tourist attraction
w i l l s o o n
22 . According to the Climate Change Group, formed by environmentalists worldwide to document the effects of global warming, Mount Kilimanjaro‘s snows and glaciers are melting and are 23 to disappear by 2020. Not only will the summit lose its tourist attraction, but the disappearance of the snows will also cause major damage to the ecosystem on the dry African plains at its base. 24 the snow covering the peak, there will not be enough moisture and water to nourish the plants and animals below. Rising temperatures, an effect of global warming, 25 threaten the ecosystem of this mountain area. The loss of snows on the 5,892m peak, which have been there for about 11,700 years, could have disastrous effects on Tanzania.
21. (A) situations (B) descriptions (C) translations (D) calculations 22. (A) operate (B) expand (C) recover (D) vanish 23. (A) capable (B) ready (C) likely (D) horrible 24. (A) Among (B) Besides (C) Inside (D) Without
25. (A) thus (B) just (C) instead (D) otherwise 第 26 至 30 題為題組
Most human beings actually decide before they think. When people encounter a complex issue and form an opinion, how thoroughly have they 26 all the important factors involved before they make their decisions? The answer is: not very thoroughly, 27 they are executives, specialized experts, or ordinary people in the street. Very few people, no matter how intelligent or experienced, can 28 all the possibilities or outcomes of a policy or a course of action within just a short period of time. Those who take pride in being decisive often try their best to consider all the factors beforehand. 29 , it is not unusual for them to come up with a decision before they have the time to do so. And 30 an opinion is formed, most of their thinking then is simply trying to find support for it.
26. (A) conveyed (B) examined (C) solved (D) implied 27. (A) whoever (B) because (C) whether (D) rather
28. (A) set out (B) turn out (C) put into practice (D) take into account
29. (A) However (B) Furthermore (C) Conditionally (D) Similarly 30. (A) though (B) unless (C) once (D) even
三 、 文 意 選 填 （ 占 1 0 分 ）
說明：第31題至第40題，每題一個空格，請依文意在文章後所提供的 (A) 到 (J) 選項中分
第 31 至 40 題為題組
In English-speaking cultures, the choice of first names for children can be prompted by many factors: tradition, religion, nature, culture, and fashion, to name just a few.
Certain people like to give a name that has been handed down in the family to show 31 for or to remember a relative whom they love or admire. Some families have a tradition of 32 the father‘s first name to the first born son. In other families, a surname is included in the selection of a child‘s given
n a m e t o
33 a family surname going. It may be the mother‘s maiden name, for instance.
For a long time, 34 has also played an important role in naming children. Boys‘ names such as John, Peter, and Thomas are chosen from the Bible. Girls‘ names such as Faith, Patience, and Sophie (wisdom) are chosen because they symbolize Christian qualities. However, for people who are not necessarily religious but are fond of nature, names 35 things of beauty are often favored. Flower and plant names like Heather, Rosemary, and Iris 36 this category.
Another factor that has had a great 37 on the choice of names is the spread of culture through the media. People may choose a name because they are strongly 38 a character in a book or a television series; they may also adopt names of famous people or their favorite actors and actresses. Sometimes, people pick foreign names for their children because those names are unusual and will thus make their children more 39 and distinctive.
Finally, some people just pick a name the sound of which they like, 40 of its meaning, its origins, or its popularity. However, even these people may look at the calendar to pick a lucky day when they make their choice.
(A) drawn to (B) fall into (C) impact (D) involving (E) keep (F) passing down (G) regardless (H) religion ( I ) respect ( J ) unique
四 、 閱 讀 測 驗 （ 占 3 2 分 ）
第 41 至 44 題為題組
American writer Toni Morrison was born in 1931 in Ohio. She was raised in an African American family filled with songs and stories of Southern myths, which later shaped her prose. Her happy family life led to her excellent performance in school, despite the atmosphere of racial discrimination in the society.
After graduating from college, Morrison started to work as a teacher and got married in 1958. Several years later, her marriage began to fail. For a temporary escape, she joined a small writers‘ group, in which each member was required to bring a story or poem for discussion. She wrote a story based on the life of a girl she knew in childhood who had prayed to God for blue eyes. The story was well received by the group, but then she put it away, thinking she was done with it.
In 1964, Morrison got divorced and devoted herself to writing. One day, she dusted off the story she had written for the writers‘ group and decided to make it into a novel. She drew on her memories from childhood and expanded upon them using her imagination so that the characters developed a life of their own. The Bluest Eye was eventually published in 1970. From 1970 to 1992, Morrison published five more novels.
In her novels, Morrison brings in different elements of the African American past, their struggles, problems and cultural memory. In Song of Solomon, for example, Morrison tells the story of an African American man and his search for identity in his culture. The novels and other works won her several prizes. In 1993, Morrison received the Nobel Prize in Literature. She is the eighth woman and the first African American woman to win the honor.
41. What is the passage mainly about? (A) The life of black people in the U.S. (B) The life of an African American writer. (C) The history of African American culture. (D) The history of the Nobel Prize in Literature. 42. Why did Morrison join the writers‘ group?
(A) She wanted to publish The Bluest Eye. (B) She wanted to fight racial discrimination. (C) She wanted to be a professional writer.
(D) She wanted to get away from her unhappy marriage.
43. According to the passage, what is one of the themes in Morrison‘s works? (A) A search for African American values.
(B) Divorced black women in American society. (C) Songs and stories of African Americans in Ohio.
(D) History of African Americans from the 1970s through the 1990s. 44. Which of the following statements is true about Toni Morrison?
(A) She has been writing a lot since her adolescent years. (B) She suffered from severe racial discrimination in her family. (C) What she wrote in her novels are true stories of African Americans.
(D) No African American woman ever received a Nobel Prize in Literature before her. 第 45 至 48 題為題組
Below is an excerpt from an interview with Zeke Emanuel, a health-policy expert, on his famous brothers. Interviewer: You‘re the older brother of Rahm, the mayor of Chicago, and Ari, an extremely successful
talent agent. And you‘re a bioethicist and one of the architects of Obamacare. Isn‘t writing a book about how great your family is a bit odd?
Zeke: I don‘t write a book about how great my family is. There are lots of idiocies and foolishness—a lot to make fun of in the book. I wrote Brothers Emanuel because I had begun jotting stories for my kids. And then we began getting a lot of questions: What did Mom put in the cereal? Three successful brothers, all different areas.
I: To what do you attribute the Emanuel brothers‘ success?
Z: I would put success in quotes. We strive. First, I think we got this striving from our mother to make the world a better place. A second important thing is you never rest on the last victory. There‘s always more to do. And maybe the third important thing is my father‘s admonition that offense is the best defense. We don‘t give up.
I: Do you still not have a TV?
Z: I don‘t own a TV. I don‘t own a car. I don‘t Facebook. I don‘t tweet. I: But you have four cell phones.
Z: I‘m down to two, thankfully.
I: Your brothers are a national source of fascination. Where do you think they‘ll be in five years?
Z: Ari will be a superagent running the same company. Rahm would still be mayor of Chicago. I will probably continue to be my academic self. The one thing I can guarantee is none of us will have taken a cruise, none of us will be sitting on a beach with a pina colada.
45. What does Zeke Emanuel have in mind when saying ―What did Mom put in the cereal?‖ (A) The secret to bringing up successful kids. (B) The recipe for a breakfast food. (C) The difference among the brothers. (D) The questions from his kids. 46. What does Zeke Emanuel think of the modern conveniences mentioned in the interview?
(A) Better late than never. (B) Practice makes perfect. (C) One can live without many of them. (D) They are great inventions. 47. According to Zeke Emanuel, which of the following is a reason for the brothers‘ success?
(A) They defend themselves by attacking others. (B) They learn a lot from great people‘s quotes. (C) They are committed to glorifying their parents. (D) They keep moving forward even after a big success.
48. Which of the following best summarizes Zeke Emanuel‘s response to the last question? (A) The brothers look forward to a family trip on a cruise.
(B) Nothing much will change in the near future for them. (C) Higher positions and more power will be their goals. (D) None of the brothers will go to the beach.
第 49 至 52 題為題組
MOOC, a massive open online course, aims at providing large-scale interactive participation and open access via the web. In addition to traditional course materials such as videos, readings, and problem sets, MOOCs provide interactive user forums that help build a community for the students, professors, and teaching assistants.
MOOCs first made waves in the fall of 2011, when Professor Sebastian Thrun from Stanford University opened his graduate-level artificial intelligence course up to any student anywhere, and 160,000 students in more than 190 countries signed up. This new breed of online classes is shaking up the higher education world in many ways. Since the courses can be taken by hundreds of thousands of students at the same time, the number of universities might decrease dramatically. Professor Thrun has even envisioned a future in which there will only need to be 10 universities in the world. Perhaps the most striking thing about MOOCs, many of which are being taught by professors at prestigious universities, is that they‘re free. This is certainly good news for cash-strapped students.
There is a lot of excitement and fear surrounding MOOCs. While some say free online courses are a great way to increase the enrollment of minority students, others have said they will leave many students behind. Some critics have said that MOOCs promote an unrealistic one-size-fits-all model of higher education and that there is no replacement for true dialogues between professors and their students. After all, a brain is not a computer. We are not blank hard drives waiting to be filled with data. People learn from people they love and remember the things that arouse emotion. Some critics worry that online students will miss out on the social aspects of college.
49. What does the word ―cash-strapped‖ in the second paragraph mean?
(A) Making a lot of money. (B) Being short of money. (C) Being careful with money. (D) Spending little money. 50. Which of the following is NOT one of the features of MOOCs?
(A) It is free to take the courses. (B) Many courses are offered by famous universities.
(C) Most courses address artificial intelligence. (D) Many students can take the course at the same time.
51. What is the second paragraph mainly about?
(A) The impact of MOOCs. (B) The goal of MOOCs. (C) The size of MOOC classes. (D) The cost of MOOC courses. 52. Which of the following is a problem of MOOCs mentioned in the passage?
(A) The disappearance of traditional course materials. (B) The limited number of courses offered around the world. (C) The overreliance on professors from prestigious universities. (D) The lack of social interaction among students and professors. 第 53 至 56 題為題組
Today the car seems to make periodic leaps in progress. A variety of driver assistance technologies are appearing on new cars. A developing technology called Vehicle-to-Vehicle communication, or V2V, is being tested by automotive manufacturers as a way to help reduce the number of accidents. V2V works by using wireless signals to send information back and forth between cars about their location, speed and
direction, so that they keep safe distances from each other. Another new technology being tested is Vehicle-to-Infrastructure communication, or V2I. V2I would allow vehicles to communicate with road signs or traffic signals and provide information to the vehicle about safety issues. V2I could also request traffic information from a traffic management system and access the best possible routes. Both V2V and V2I have the potential to reduce around 80 percent of vehicle crashes on the road.
More and more new cars can reverse-park, read traffic signs, maintain a safe distance in steady traffic and brake automatically to avoid crashes. Moreover, a number of firms are creating cars that drive themselves to a chosen destination without a human at the controls. It is predicted that driverless cars will be ready for sale within five years. If and when cars go completely driverless, the benefits will be enormous. Google, which already uses prototypes of such cars to ferry its staff along Californian freeways, once put a blind man in a prototype and filmed him being driven off to buy takeaway hamburgers. If this works, huge numbers of elderly and disabled people can regain their personal mobility. The young will not have to pay crippling motor insurance, because their reckless hands and feet will no longer touch the wheel or the accelerator. People who commute by car will gain hours each day to work, rest, or read a newspaper.
53. Which of the following statements is true about V2V? (A) V2V communication has been very well developed. (B) Through V2V, drivers can chat with each other on the road. (C) V2V is designed to decrease crashes by keeping safe distances. (D) Through V2V, a car can warn cyclists nearby of its approach. 54. What does ―infrastructure‖ in Vehicle-to-Infrastructure refer to?
(A) Traffic facilities and information systems. (B) The basic structure of roads and bridges. (C) Knowledge and regulations about safe driving. (D) The traffic department of the government. 55. Which of the following is NOT a potential benefit of driverless cars?
(A) The elderly will become more mobile. (B) ―Drivers‖ can sleep in cars all the way to work. (C) People can race cars to their heart‘s content. (D) A blind man can get into a car and travel safely.
56. What can be inferred from the passage?
(A) Cars will refuse to start if the driver is drunk. (B) The future may be a vehicle-accident-free era. (C) Everyone, including children, can afford a car. (D) The production of driverless cars is still far away.
第 貳 部 分 ： 非 選 擇 題 （ 占 2 8 分 ）
一 、 中 譯 英 （ 占 8 分 ）
2.請依序作答，並標明子題號。每題4分，共8分。1. 有些年輕人辭掉都市裡的高薪工作，返回家鄉種植有機蔬菜。 2. 藉由決心與努力，很多人成功了，不但獲利更多，還過著更健康的生活。
˙單選題共 56 題
˙選擇題用 2B 鉛筆在「答案卡」上作答；更正時，應
第 壹 部 分 ： 單 選 題 （ 占 7 2 分 ）
一 、 詞 彙 題 （ 占 1 5 分 ）
1. It rained so hard yesterday that the baseball game had to be until next Saturday. (A) surrendered (B) postponed (C) abandoned (D) opposed
2. As more people rely on the Internet for information, it has newspapers as the most important source of news.
(A) distributed (B) subtracted (C) replaced (D) transferred 3. Having saved enough money, Joy two trips for this summer vacation, one to France
and the other to Australia.
(A) booked (B) observed (C) enclosed (D) deposited 4. Since I do not fully understand your proposal, I am not in the position to make any on it.
(A) difference (B) solution (C) demand (D) comment
5. Betty was to accept her friend‘s suggestion because she thought she could come up with a better idea herself.
(A) tolerable (B) sensitive (C) reluctant (D) modest
6. The bank tries its best to attract more customers. Its staff members are always available to provide service.
(A) singular (B) prompt (C) expensive (D) probable 7. John‘s part-time experience at the cafeteria is good for running his own restaurant.
(A) preparation (B) recognition (C) formation (D) calculation 8. Women‘s fashions are changing: One season they may favor pantsuits, but the next
season they may prefer miniskirts.
(A) lately (B) shortly (C) relatively (D) constantly
9. Standing on the seashore, we saw a of seagulls flying over the ocean before they glided down and settled on the water.
(A) pack (B) flock (C) herd (D) school
10. The book is not only informative but also , making me laugh and feel relaxed while reading it.
(A) understanding (B) infecting (C) entertaining (D) annoying
11. After working in front of my computer for the entire day, my neck and shoulder s got so that I couldn‘t even turn my head.
(A) dense (B) harsh (C) stiff (D) concrete
12. Getting a flu shot before the start of flu season gives our body a chance to bu ild up protection against the that could make us sick.
(A) poison (B) misery (C) leak (D) virus
13. The kingdom began to after the death of its ruler, and was soon taken over by a neighboring country.
(A) collapse (B) dismiss (C) rebel (D) withdraw
14. Though Kevin failed in last year‘s singing contest, he did not feel . This year he practiced day and night and finallywon first place in the competition.
(A) relieved (B) suspected (C) discounted (D) frustrated 15. Emma and Joe are looking for a live-in babysitter for their three-year-old twins, one
who knows how to cook.
二 、 綜 合 測 驗 （ 占 1 5 分 ）
An area code is a section of a telephone number which generally represents the geographical area that the phone receiving the call is based in. It is the two or three digits just before the local number. If the number 16 is in the same area as the number making the call, an area code usually doesn‘t need to be dialed. The local number, 17 , must always be dialed in its entirety.
The area code was introduced in the United States in 1947. It was created 18 the format of XYX, with X being any number between 2-9 and Y being either 1 or 0. Cities and areas with higher populations would have a smaller first and third digit , and 1 as the center digit. New York, being the largest city in the United States, was 19 the 212 area code, followed by Los Angeles at 213.
In countries other than the United States and Canada, the area code generally determines the 20 of a call. Calls within an area code and often a small group of neighboring area codes are normally charged at a lower rate than outside the area code.
16. (A) calling (B) being called (C) having called (D) has been calling 17. (A) in fact (B) to illustrate (C) at the same time (D) on the other hand 18. (A) for (B) as (C) by (D) in
19. (A) reserved (B) assigned (C) represented (D) assembled 20. (A) cost (B) format (C) quality (D) distance
For coin collectors who invest money in coins, the value of a coin is determined by various factors. First, scarcity is a major determinant. 21 a coin is, the more it is worth. Note, however, that rarity has little to do with the 22 of a coin. Many thousand-year-old coins often sell for no more than a few dollars because there are a lot of them around, 23 a 1913 Liberty Head Nickel may sell for over one million US dollars because there are only five in existence. Furthermore, the demand for a particular coin will also 24 influence coin values. Some coins may command higher prices because they are more popular with collectors. For example, a 1798 dime is much rarer than a 1916 dime, but the 25 sells for significantly more, simply because many more people collect early 20th century dimes than dimes from the 1700s.
21. (A) Rare as (B) The rare (C) Rarest (D) The rarer 22. (A) age (B) shape (C) size (D) weight 23. (A) since (B) while (C) whether (D) if 24. (A) merely (B) hardly (C) greatly (D) roughly 25. (A) older (B) better (C) latter (D) bigger
French psychologist Alfred Binet (1859-1911) took a different approach from most other psychologists of his day: He was interested in the workings of the 26 mind rather than the nature of mental illness. He wanted to find a way to measure the ability to think and reason, apart from education in any particular field. In 1905 he developed a test in which he 27 children do tasks such as follow commands, copy patterns, name objects, and put things in order or arrange them properly. He later created a standard of measuring children‘s intelligence 28 the data he had collected from the French children he studied. If 70 percent of 8-year-olds could pass a particular test, then 29 on the test represented an 8-year-old‘s level of intelligence. From Binet‘s work, the phrase ―intelligence quotient‖ (―IQ‖) entered the English vocabulary. The IQ is the ratio of ―mental age‖ to chronological age times 100, with 100 30 the average. So, an 8-year-old who passes the 10-year-old‘s test would have an IQ of 10/8 times 100, or 125.
26. (A) contrary (B) normal (C) detective (D) mutual 27. (A) had (B) kept (C) wanted (D) asked
28. (A) composed of (B) based on (C)resulting in (D) fighting against 29. (A) success (B) objection (C) agreement (D) discovery 30. (A) is (B) are (C) been (D) being
三 、 文 意 選 填 （ 占 1 0 分 ）
說明：第31題至第40題，每題一個空格，請依文意在文章後所提供的 (A) 到 (J) 選項中分
Often called ―rainforests of the sea,‖ coral reefs provide a home for 25% of all species in the ocean. They are stony structures full of dark hideaways where fish and sea animals can lay their eggs and 31 from predators. Without these underwater ―apartment houses,‖ there would be fewer fish in the ocean. Some species might even become 32 or disappear completely.
There are thousands of reefs in the world; 33 , however, they are now in serious danger. More than one-third are in such bad shape that they could die within ten years. Many might not even 34 that long! Scientists are working hard to find out what leads to this destruction. There are still a lot of questions unanswered, but three main causes have been 35 .
The first cause is pollution on land. The pollutants run with rainwater into rivers and streams, which 36 the poisons into the ocean. Chemicals from the poisons kill reefs or make them weak, so they have less 37 to diseases.
Global warming is another reason. Higher ocean temperatures kill the important food source for the coral—the algae, the tiny greenish-gold water plants that live on coral. When the algae die, the coral loses its color and it also dies 38 . This process, known as ―coral bleaching,‖ has happened more and more frequently in recent years.
The last factor contributing to the 39 of coral reefs is people. People sometimes crash into reefs with their boats or drop anchors on them, breaking off large chunks of coral. Divers who walk on reefs can also do serious damage. Moreover, some people even break coral off to collect for 40 since it is so colorful and pretty.
How can we help the reefs? We need to learn more about them and work together to stop the activities that may threaten their existence.
(A) resistance (B) identified (C) last (D) escape (E) sadly (F) eventually (G) disappearance (H) souvenirs ( I ) endangered ( J ) carry