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N:m

2003.11.17

~iE 2004.3.31

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The Exploration of Social Skills, Personal

Competence and Alcohol Use in Junior High

School Students

Chun-Tai Huang,

I-Chyun Chiang,

Va-Wen Huang,

Pao-Jen Chang,

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to explore the relation of social skills,personal competence and alcohol use. The sample of the investigation was selected by the proportionate probability sampling method. Two junior high schools in Tai-Nan County were included, with the total number of valid questionnaires being 830. The data was collected via a group self-administration in January, 2003.

The main findings were presented as follows:

The mean score of social skills was above middle degree. There were significant differences in gender and grades. Girls got higher scores than boys, the 7th got higher scores

than the 8th and the 9th• In personal support, social cognition and authority behavior, girls

significantly got higher scores than boys. In personal support, authority. behavior and communication expression, the 7thsignificantly got higher scores than the 8thand the 9th•

In academic achievement, girls significantly got higher scores than boys. In deviant behaviors, boys got higher scores than girls. In self-esteem and self-efficacy, the 7th significantly got higher scores than the 81hand the 9th•

Students with lower authority behavior, more communication expression, more violation behavior, and less self-efficacy were more likely to have alcohol use. The expectation of these factors was 31.4%.

It was suggested to add social skills training to junior high school students, promote self-efficacy and self-esteem, and counsel deviant behavior students, to decrease alcohol use. Future researches should continue exploring the meanings of social skills and personal competence and include the junior high school students at different areas.

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