The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology O 1993
Postal Address : The Hong Kong Universiiy of Science & Technology Clear Water Bay
Kowloon, Hong Kong Telephone : 358 6000
Facsimile : 358 054.5 (General Enquiries) 358 0769 (Admission Enquiries)
The Right Honourable Christopher P A T E N Chairman of the Council Sir Sze-Yuen CHUNG. GBE. JP
Vice-chairman of the Council Mr CHENG Hon.Kwan.OBE. JP
Treasurer of the Council The Honourable LAU Wah.Surn. OBE. JP
Vice-Chancellor and President Professor Chia-Wei WOO. BS. MA. PhD Pro-Vice-chancellor for Academic Affairs Professor Shain-Dow KUNG. BSc. MSc. PhD Pro-Vice-chancellor for Administration and Business
Mr Ian F
.MACPHERSON. CBE. MA Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research and Development
Professor Thomas E
.STELSON. BS. MS. DSc
...1 The Campus
University and Polytechnic Grants Committee 2
...University Organisation 2
...Academic Faculty 2 Students
...Undergraduate Programmes 3
...Postgraduate Programmes 5
The Academic Year
...7 Admission of Students
Undergraduate Admission Requirements 10
General Requirements 10
Entrance Requirement Equivalents 1 1
Departmental Entrance Requirements 12
Requirements for Mature Applicants 12
Advanced Standing 12
Undergraduate Applications 12
Admission through JUPAS 12
Direct Admission 13
Postgraduate Admission Requirements 14
Postgraduate Applications 14
Application for Admission 14
Selection Procedures 15
Students from Overseas 15
Admission Enquiries 16
Registration. Fees and Financial Assistance
...Registration 17 Fees
...1 7 Financial Assistance
...18 Academic Regulations
...Programme Terminology 20
Courses and Credits 21
...Course Grading 23
...Grade Review 24
...Grade Averages 24
...Continuation of Study 24
...Interdepartmental Transfer 25
...Student Conduct 25
Academic Integrity and Discipline 25
Intellectual Property Rights 28
Undergraduate Programmes 28
Course and Programme Registration 29
Joint Programmes 30
English Language Courses
...Undergraduate Grades 30
...Academic Standing 31 Undergraduate Degree Requirements 32 Postgraduate Programmes 32 Full-time and Part-time Study 33
...Duration of Study 33 Course Requirements 33 Postgraduate Grades
...34 Academic Standing
...35 Residence Requirements
...35 MSc and MA Programmes
...35 MBA Programme 35 MPhil Programmes
...35 PhD Programmes 36
...Conduct of Thesis Examinations 36 School of Science 40 Department of Biochemistry 41 Department of Biology 49
...Department of Chemistry 60 Department of Mathematics 69
...Department of Physics 92 School of Engineering 107
...Department of Chemical Engineering 108 Department of Civil and Structural Engineering
...Department of Computer Science 128
...Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering 142
...Department of Industrial Engineering 152
...Department of Mechanical Engineering 158 School of Business and Management 167
...Department of Accounting 173 Department of Business Information Systems 177
...Department of Economics 180
...Department of Finance
...183 Department of Management
...185 Department of Marketing
School of Humanities and Social Science 21 8
...Division of Humanrt~es 21 9
...Division of Social Science 225 C o n t e n t s Joint Degree Programmes Undergraduate Programme
Undergraduate Course Descriptions 234 Postgraduate Course Descriptions 311 Academic Services University Library
Centre of Computing Services and Telecommunications
Educational Technology Centre
Industrial Training Centre
Research Centre. Institutes and Central Research Facilities 387 Research Centre
Institute for Environmental Studies
Office of Contract and Grant Administration
Technology Transfer Centre
Biotechnology Research Institute
Hong Kong Telecom Institute of Information Technology
Materials Characterisation and Preparation Centre
Microelectronics Fabrication Centre
Sino Software Research Centre
...Counselling Service 394 Physical Education and Sports
...Health Service 394
...Residential Halls 394
...Student Amenities 395
...Student Activities 395
The University Ordinance 396
Statutes of the University 409
University Council 416
University Senate 417
Standing Committees of Senate 44 9
...438 Schools and Academic Departments
...440 Administrative and Service Units
Staff Index 466
Subject Index 480
Maps of the University Campus 484
Important Dates in the 1993-94 and 1994-95 Academic Years
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) was incorpo- rated in April 1988, and opened in October 1991, as a publicly funded technological university dedicated to the advancement of learning and scholarship, with special emphasis on research, postgraduate education, and close collaboration with business and industry. It seeks to educate men and women who will contribute to Hong Kong's economic and social well-being, andto promote research, development, and entrepre- neurship in the Asia-Pacific region.
To accomplish these goals, HKUST stresses teaching - the dissemination of knowledge, research - the creation of knowledge, and service - the application of knowledge.
The University comprises four Schools. Three of the Schools - Science, Engineering, and Business and Management - provide both undergraduate and post- graduate education through to the doctorate. The School of Humanities and Social Science offers postgraduate education to the doctoral level, and provides general education for all undergraduates.
In addition, the University has set up interdisciplinary research institutes, the Research Centre and the Technology Transfer Centre to facilitate collaboration among the different schools and partnerships between the University and the public and private sectors.
The medium of instruction is English. Undergraduate students are provided with instruction in English language skills, as needed.
The campus occupies a 60-hectare site of sweeping beauty on the northern end of Clear Water Bay Peninsula at Tai Po Tsai. Situated on the slopes along the shore, the campus grounds are terraced to afford buildings on all levels with unobstructedpanoramic views of the sea, looking east and northeast towards Port Shelter and the Sai Kung area. The main academic complex is situated on the highest level of the slope, while student residential halls, outdoor sports facilities, and other student amenities are close to the water and the natural marina.
The campus is being built in three phases. Phase I was completed in July 1991 and has a capacity of 2,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) undergraduate and postgraduate students. Phase II, to bring capacity to about 7,000 FTE students, was completed in January 1993. Construction costs were $3.598 billion, of which the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club generously donated a total of $1.926 billion, and it was also responsible for managing the overall construction project. The remaining cost was provided by the Government of Hong Kong. With the completion of Phase Ill (contingent upon the Government's approval of construction funds), the Universitywill be able to accommodate astudent body of 10,000 FTE students and will haveabout 9.3 million square feet of indoor academic space.
Im e University
University and Polytechnic
The major source of financial support for the University is the Government of Hong Kong through the University and Polytechnic Grants Committee (UPGC) and its Research Grants Council (RGC). Student fees, other sources of research support and donations are also significant contributors to the University's budget.
At the head of The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology is the Chancellor, the Governor of Hong Kong, with the University Council as the supreme governing body. The Universrty Senate is the supreme academic body, and has a number of standing committees.
Administratively, the Vice-ChancellorIPresident is the chief executive officer and the three principal branches of the University are Academic Affairs, Administration and Business, and Research and Development, each headed by a Pro-Vice-chancellor.
Within the Academic Affairs Branch are the four schools which comprise the academic heartland of HKUST, each school being divided into departments or divisions. As well, there are a number of academic service units and research units located administratively within the branch.
The Administration and Business Branch is concerned with the non-academic administrative and financial operation of the University.
The Research and Development Branch focuses on research administration and, particularly, on undertaking contractual and applied research relevant to Hong Kong's technological and socio-economic development. This branch of HKUST is unique in Hong Kong's universities and demonstrates the strong research focus of the institution.
Further information on these units of the University, as well as the University Ordinance and the Statutes of the University which provide the legal basis for HKUST, is found elsewhere in the Calendar.
The University recruits worldwide for faculty who have achieved excellence in their respective fields and are highly respected as both teachers and researchers. They include both established academics and promising younger scholars who have demon- strated a high degree of professional competence. More than 85% have earned doctorates, pursued postdoctoral studies, or taught at the world's leading research universities.
The University began instruction in 1991 with some 100 faculty, a large percent- age of whom were in senior positions. By the end of 1994 about 350 academics will have been appointed. Presently at a lower level, the steady-state student-faculty ratio should be 11:l.
The University seeks highly qualified and motivated young men and women who have wide interests and have received awell-rounded secondaweducation. They should be active participants rather than spectators in diverse activities, and great potential in addition to having achieved good grades.
Most undergraduates enter the University at age 18 or 19, and 40% have siblings attending post-secondary educational institutions although many fewer have fathers (13%) or mothers (6%) with this level of education. All are Hong Kong residents but the number of non-local postgraduates is rising towards the university's target of at least 20% non-locals.
The University's goal is to engage its students in a continuous dialogue, to challengethem intellectually, and to encouragethem tothinkon their own and to learn how to learn. Thus the University's graduates will become competent professionals, innova- tive leaders in their fields, adaptable and versatile generalists, and sensitive, caring citizens.
The undergraduate programmes offered by the University involve students attending full-time for three academic years. The University curriculum is founded on a credit-based system, and all undergraduate programmes lead to honours degrees. HKUST believes in total education and the credit-based structure of undergraduate academic programmes strikes a compromise between the sharp focus prevalent in traditional Chinese and British universities and the broad approach characteristic of American universities. To ensure breadth of education, undergraduates take just over one-third of their credits outside their major department, with at least 12 credits in the School of Humanities and Social Science and the remaining credits spread over subjects offered by other departments. For graduation purposes students need to accumulate a total of 100-1 05 course credits, as specified for each programme.
These men and women care about Hong Kong, its people and its future. They have broad intellectual interests, and wish to work collaboratively with colleagues in other fields and interact with professionals in industry, commerce and the public services. Most importantly, they care about their students.
First-degree programmes presently offered, with the exception of Computer
Engineering scheduled to begin Fall 1994, are: Postgraduate Programmes
The University offers postgraduate programmes leading to master's and doctoral degrees in all four Schools, as indicated below:
Programme Abbreviated Title Code
SCHOOL OF SCIENCE Programme Abbreviated Title Code
Bachelor of Science (BSc) Biochemistry Biology Chemistry Mathematics Physics Applied Physics SCHOOL OF SCIENCE BlCH E420 BlOL E430 CHEM E440 MATH E460 PHYS E480 APHY E481 Master of Science (MSc) Mathematics Physics MATH MI41 PHYS M I 51 Master of Philosophy (MPhil)
Biochemistry Biology Chemistry Mathematics Physics BlCH M l l O BlOL MI20 CHEM MI30 MATH MI40 PHYS MI50 SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING Bachelor of Engineering (BEng)
Chemical Engineering CENG E320
Civil and Structural Engineering ClVL E330
Computer Science COMP E340
Electrical and Electronic Engineering ELEC E350
Industrial Engineering INDE E360
Mechanical Engineering MECH E370
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Biochemistry Biology Chemistry Mathematics Physics BlCH D l 10 BlOL D l 20 CHEM D l 30 MATH D l 40 PHYS D l 50
1SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT
SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)
Business Information Systems Economics Finance Management Marketing ACCT BlNF ECON FlNA MGMT MARK Master of Science (MSc) Chemical Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering Computer Science
Electrical and Electronic Engineering Industrial Engineering Mechanical Engineering CENG ClVL COMP ELEC INDE MECH
IBachelor of Science (BSc)
Economics ECON Master of Philosophy (MPhil)
Civil and Structural Engineering Computer Science
Electrical and Electronic Engineering Industrial Engineering Mechanical Engineering CENG ClVL COMP ELEC INDE MECH JOINT DEGREE PROGRAMME
Bachelor of Engineering (BEng)
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Chemical Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering Computer Science
Electrical and Electronic Engineering Industrial Engineering
SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT Master of Business Administration (MBA)
Business Information Systems Economics Finance Management Marketing Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Accounting
Business Information Systems Economics
SCHOOL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE Master of Philosophy (MPhil)
Humanities Social Science Master of Arts (MA)
Humanities Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Humanities CENG ClVL COMP ELEC INDE MECH ACCT BINF ECON FlNA MGMT MARK ACCT BtNF ECON FlNA MGMT HUMA M410 SOSC M420 HUMA M413 HUMA D410
JOINT DEGREE PROGRAMMES
Interdisciplinary study and research is encouraged and collaborating depart- ments offer programmes leading to joint degrees. Currently, these programmes are :
Master of Arts (MA) in Chinese Studies M513 Master of Science (MSc) in Biotechnology M511
The Academic Year
The academic year of the University begins on 1 July and ends on 30 June the following year. It normally includes a Fall Semester commencing in early September and running for 15 weeks of classes and examinations, and a 15-week Spring Semester beginning after Chinese New Year. Immediately following the end of the 14th week there is a short study break followed by a week devoted to examinations. There is a one-week break in the Spring Semester around Easter. A Winter Session is held between the two semesters for special academic programmes, research symposia, and other activities. For most students, attendance is not required. A Summer Session bridges the end of the Spring Semester and the beginning of the following Fall Semester.
Important datesforthe 1993-94 and 1994-95 academic years are found at the end of this Calendar.
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ADMISSION OF STUDENTSAdmission o f Students To qualify for admission to the University, applicants must normally be at least 17
years of age by the first day of the academic year to which they are seeking admission, meet the general entrance requirements of the University and the requirements of the particular programme for which they are applying, and apply before the application deadline.
UNDERGRADUATE ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
Entry to an undergraduate programme of study at the University requires prospective students to satisfy both general University and specific departmental en- trance requirements.
To satisfy the general University requirements for 1994 entry, an applicant should have obtained :
(a) -Certificate of Education Emination (HKCEE)
passes in at least seven subjects at the first and second attempts, with passes in at least five of these subjects at a single sitting, and
i) three of these subjects must be Mathematics, English Language, and either Chinese or an alternative language;
ii) for English Language (Syllabus B), the grade obtained must be D or above or equivalent, and
iii) the grade obtained must be C or above in at least two subjects. (b) Advanced Level Examin- (HKALE)
grade E or above in the same silting in
either (1) one Advanced Level (AL) subject plus
(2) either Advanced Supplementary Level (AS) Chinese Language and Culture, or AS Liberal Studies; and
(3) two AS subjects; or (1) two AL subjects plus
(2) either AS Chinese Language and Culture, or AS Liberal Studies; AND
(c) a pass at Grade D or above in AS Use of English.
Alternatively, a pass at Grade E in AL Chinese Literature is acceptable in lieu of AS Chinese Language and Culture, in which case the student is required to have Grade E or above in:
either (1 ) two AL subjects (including Chinese Literature) and one AS subject; or (2) AL Chinese Literature and 3 AS subjects.
For applicants who are using an alternative language, rather than Chinese, to satisfy the language requirements in the HKCEE, AS Liberal Studies or another AS subject may be used as a substitute for the Chinese Language and Culture requirement. Passes in at least three subjects in HKALE and a pass at Grade D or above in the Use of English Examination are considered as equivalent to the new HKALE requirement in 1994for applicants who are applying for admission to the University with HKALE results obtained prior to 1994.
Entrance Requirement Equivalents
Alternatively the general entrance requirements may be satisfied by obtaining one of the following qualifications:
(a) the General Certificate of Secondary Education, or the General Certificate of Education, with passes in at least seven subjects at the Ordinary Level including Mathematics, English Language, and a language otherthan English, and passes in 1 AL subject
+3 AS subjects or 2 AL subjects
+1 AS subject or, for candidates without AS subjects, passes in at least 3 AL subjects;
(b) at least one year's successful full-time study or equivalent in a bachelor's degree programme at an institution recognised by this University;
(c) a professional diploma, higher diploma or higher certificate from a polytechnic or recognised tertiary college in Hong Kong;
(d) an International Baccalaureate.
Notwithstanding the above, the University may recognise other qualifications from, or successful study at, an overseas institution for the purpose of satisfying the general entrance requirements. In assessing such qualifications, the University wishes to ensure that overseas applicants have an educational background which is equivalent to that required of local candidates. Proficiency in English will also be a consideration. As an alternative to grade D or above in English Language (Syllabus B) of the Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examination, a satisfactory grade in one of the following examinations is acceptable:
(a) English Language (Syllabus A) of the Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examination
- Grade B or above;
(b) English Language of the Hong Kong Higher Level Examination - Grade D or above;
(c) English Language of the General Certificate of Education Examination (Ordinary Level) - Grade C or above; and
(d) English Language of the General Certificate of Secondary Education - Grade C or above.
Admission of S t u d e n t s Admission of Students
Departmental Entrance Requirements
In addition to the general requirements, applicants must also satisfy entrance requirements for their desired programmes of study. These are specified in the departmental sections of the Calendar.
Requirements for Mature Applicants
Applicants who do not satisfy thegeneral or departmental entrance requirements of the Universtty but are aged 25 or over by the first day of the academic year to which admission is sought may be granted exemption from the entrance requirements of the Universrty provided they
candemonstrate aptitude and suitability for admission to a particular programme of study.
Departments may grant advanced standing to students for successful study completed elsewhere within the following guidelines :
(a) for programmes normally requiring three years of full-time study, a minimum of one year's full-time study at HKUST is required before a student is considered for award of the degree; and
(b) a minimum of 35 HKUST credits are required for graduation.
Students may enter the University through two routes. Applicants who are seeking admission on the strength of their Hong Kong Advanced Level Examination results should apply via JUPAS, as described below. All others including applicants currently enrolled in full time or sandwich degree programmes in other UPGC-funded institutions should apply for direct admission.
Admission through JUPAS
In the Autumn of 1990 the -Joint Universtty and Polytechnic Admissions System" (JUPAS) was introduced. Thissystem enables applicantsto apply on the strength of their HKALE results for admission to the undergraduate programmes of the following seven member institutions of JUPAS:
City Polytechnic of Hong Kong Hong Kong Baptist College Hong Kong Polytechnic Lingnan College
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology The University of Hong Kong
For reference, the following are important dates for 1994 admission. JUPAS may make adjustments to the timetable.
1 November 1993 Closing date for applications for admission. 26 November 1993 Applicants receive checklists of their personal data
and choice of study programmes.
15 December 1993 Last day for applicants to report checklist errors, if any, to the JUPAS Office.
January to Interviews and tests, where appropriate. mid-June 1994
Late May 1994 Announcement of HKAS Level UE examination re- sults.
15June1994 Last date for applicants to request IN PERSON changes of their choice of study programmes at the JUPAS Office
Early July 1994 Announcement of HKALE results
1 August 1994 Publication of results of the main round offer in newspapers.
1 - 3 August 1994 Applicants to reply IN PERSON to offers in the main round at the JUPAS Office.
Mid August to Subsequent rounds of selection by individual institu- September 1994 tions, if vacancies are still available. Applicants, if selected, receive letters direct from the institutions concerned.
Applicants who are not eligible to apply for admission through JUPAS are welcome to apply directly to the University. Application forms are available from 1 October, 1993 for entry in September 1994.
For entry in September 1994, completed application forms should be returned to the University by 31 December, 1993 together with a copy of the bank pay-in-slip confirming payment of an application fee of HK$120 into the bank account of "The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology" through a branch of one of the following banks: Bankof China - Hong Kong Branch or Hang Seng Bank Ltd. The application form allows the applicant to select up to three degree programmes of study at the University. The selected programmes should be listed in order of preference. Subsequent changes are not normally permitted. Requests for change must be made by writing to the Admissions, Registration and Records Office.
Admission of Studen&
POSTGRADUAGE ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
Applicants seeking admission to a postgraduate degree programme should have: (a) obtained a first degree from this University or an approved institution, or obtained
an approved equivalent qualification;
(b) satisfied the school and department concerned as to their fitness to pursue the postgraduate programme; and
(c) satisfied the school and department concerned as to their English language ability to undertake the postgraduate programme.
To be accepted directly as candidates for the PhD degree, applicants should normally have :
(a) obtained a master's degree from this University or an approved institution, or presented evidence of satisfactory work at the postgraduate level on a full-time basis for at least one year, or on a part-time basis for at least two years; (b) satisfied the school and department concerned as to both their chosen subject
of research and their fitness to undertake research into it; and
(c) satisfied such other requirements as may have been established by the school and department concerned, which may include qualifying examinations both written and oral.
Application for admission to the postgraduate programmes requires prospective students to satisfy the entrance requirements of both the University and the postgraduate programme selected.
1Application for Admission
IApplication forms are available directly from: Admissions, Registration and Records Office The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Clear Water Bay
Kowloon Hong Kong
The closing date for the return of the application forms is 15 March for admission in September of the same year, but late applications may be considered.
IApplicants must submit the following documents:
(a) acompleted application form, including a one-page statement on study plans and career goals;
(b) two letters of recommendation mailed directly to the Director of Admissions, Registration and Records;
Admission of Students
(c) officially certified academic transcripts of undergraduate studies (and postgradu- ate studies, if any); and
(d) a copy of the bank pay-in slip confirming that the application fee of $1 20 has been paid into the bank account of "The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology" through a branch of one of the following banks: Bankof China- Hong Kong Branch or Hang Seng Bank Ltd.
For overseas applicants, if official transcripts are in a language otherthan English or Chinese, a certified translation into English must be provided. In lieu of the bank pay- in slip confirming payment of application fee, overseas applicants may submit a bank draft or certified bank cheque with the completed application form.
Selected applicants may be invited for interview. Successful applicants will receive an offer of admission via the Admissions, Registration and Records Office, and may be required to satisfy specified conditions. Candidates receiving an offer will be expected to accept or decline by a specified date.
STUDENTS FROM OVERSEAS
The University welcomes applications from overseas students who are seeking admission to full-time studies at the undergraduate or postgraduate level. Applicants should be aware, however, that competition for admission is such that only very well- qualified candidates will gain admission.
Details of the application procedure have been given previously. However, because of differences between the educational system in Hong Kong and those in other countries, students eligible to enter undergraduate programmes in their own countries may not be able to enter the first year at HKUST. Prospective overseas undergraduate students should first write to the Admissions, Registration and Records Office, providing full details of their educational qualifications so that an initial assessment may be made as to their entry qualifications.
If that assessment indicates that the requirements may be met, the appropriate application form will be sent to the prospective student. This should be returned to the' Admissions, Registration and Records Office together with a bank draft to cover the application fee of $1 20. At that pointthe formal selection process will begin. Certified true copies of all degrees, diplomas, certificates and other qualifications held should be submitted with the application form. Applicants accepted for admission will be required to produce the original documents on arrival at the University.
Overseas students should carefully consider the financial aspects of their studies in Hong Kong before applying for admission. In 1994-95, fees will amount to $24,000 and accommodation in on-campus undergraduate and postgraduate halls will involve approxi- mately $6,100 and $9,600 respectively per residential year (280 days). In addition monies will be needed for subsistence, textbooks, local travel, sports equipment, clothing, and
Admission of Students
other personal needs. A total of at least $52,000 per academic year (9 months) is likely to be required for undergraduate study and $59,000 tor postgraduate study.
Students from overseas must obtain a visa in order to study in Hong Kong. Applications should be made well in advance at a British Consulate or High Commission or Visa Office, or by writing directly to The Hong Kong Immigration Department, 2/F, Tower 11,7 Gloucester Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong. Applicants will be required to show sufficient financial resources to cover expenses for their period of study. Applicants must also nominate a sponsor who is resident in Hong Kong, aged over 21, to whom they are known personally. Postgraduate applicants who have difficulty in nominating a sponsor in Hong Kong may apply to the Admissions, Registration and Records Office for the University to act in this capacity..
Students requiring copies of the undergraduate or postgraduate prospectus, application forms, advice or assistance on application procedures, choice of pro- grammes, entrance requirements or other related matters are welcome to visit, telephone or write to the Admissions, Registration and Records Office (Room 1376), which is open Mondays to Fridays:
and on Saturdays:
All enquiries should indicate the degree programme(s) of interest and be addressed to:
Director of Admissions, Registration and Records The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Clear Water Bay
Kowloon Hong Kong
Telephone No. : (852) 358 6622 Facsimile No. : (852) 358 0769
REGISTRATION, FEES AND FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE
This section deals with the registration process, tuition and other fees, and financial assistance available for students.
Registration is in two parts : programme registration and course registration. Programme registration confirms students' enrolment at the University and payment of tuition and other prescribed fees where appropriate. It also allows for application for hall residence and financial aid, as well as the acquisition of information about the University and student life. At course registration students and their academic departments select appropriate courses for the coming semester.
There are a variety of fees as described below. Except for caution money, fees are not refundable.
1. An application fee of $120 is charged for each direct application for admission in 1993-94 to the University, payable at the time of submission of the application form.
2. Afee of $250 is charged for an application made for admission in 1993-94 through the Joint University and Polytechnic Admissions System (JUPAS), collected by the JUPAS Office on behalf of the participating institutions.
3. The tuition fee for undergraduate students admitted for the academic year 1993- 94 is $17,000 per annum. The fee may be paid at the beginning of the academic year at programme registration or in equal instalments for each semester. 4. The tuition fee for postgraduate students (except for those in the MBA pro-
gramme) admitted forthe academic year 1993-94 is$17,000 for full-time students and $4,250 per semester for part-time students. The fee may be paid at the beginning of the academic year at programme registration or in equal instalments for each semester.
5. The fee structure for full-time and part-time MBA students is described in the School of Business and Management section of the Calendar.
6. In addition, each new student is required to pay a deposit of $300 as caution money on first registration. Charges will be made against this deposit if there are any unpaid claims against the student, such as outstanding library dues. The balance will be transferred to the graduation fee, or refunded if the student leaves the University before graduation.
7. Students joining the Students' Union are required to pay entry fee and annual subscription. These fees will be set by the Union and collected by the University
Registration, Fees and Finuncial Assistance
on behalf of the Union. In 1993-94, the entry fee, applicable to students admitted for the first time, is $1 00 and the annual subscription is $1 00.
8. Students may be required to pay late charges for failure to complete certain University procedures by stipulated deadlines. These will include delays in paying tuition fees and completing registration procedures, overdue library books, etc. Late charges will be levied in accordance with the rules and regulations set by the respective offices.
9. The hall charges for 1993-94 are approximately $5,500 per person in double rooms in the undergraduate hall for a residential year of 280 days from around 1 September 1993 to 10 June 1994 and approximately $8,700 per person in the single air-conditioned rooms at the postgraduate hall. Hall charges are to be paid in lwo instalments and do not include the cost of meals.
10. Other small fees and charges :
Transcript fee (first copy free) $30
Replacement of Student UD Card (free if replaced after reasonable
wear and tear) $30
Application fee for retention of place (deferred entry) $200
Graduation fee $300
Late registration (waived at the University's discretion) $1 00
Testimonial fee $1
The sources of financial support for students of the University include the following:
Government Grant and Loan Scheme
Full-time students at publicly funded tertiary institutions who have the right of abode in Hong Kong or have residedor have had their home in Hong Kong continuously for three complete years immediately prior to the commencement of their programme of study are eligible to apply for financial aid under a Government student finance scheme. The scheme is administered by the Government Student Financial Assistance Agency. Financial assistance is offered in the form of gr&~tsand/or loans. Grants aregiven for tuition fee and academic expenses; loans are approved for living expenses. Awards are means-tested so that the amount awarded is related to family disposable income. Students are expected to repay their loans at an interest rate of 2.5% per annum within a specified period after graduation or upon leaving the University.
Application forms may be obtained from the Government Student Financial Assistance Agency at 9/F, National Mutual Centre, 151, Gloucester Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong, and from the Student Affairs Office of the University.
Registration, Fees and Financial Assistance
Students with financial difficulties are urged to apply for assistance under this scheme atthe beginning of the academic year. Further details are available at the Student Affairs Office.
University Loans and Bursaries
Students with additional financial needs may apply for loans and bursaries administered by the University. In general, these funds are used to supplement, but not substitute for, Government financial assistance. Details of loans and bursaries are available at the S?udent Affairs Office.
Scholarships and Prizes
The University administers a number of scholarships and prizes on behalf of individual and corporate donors. Most are awarded to students, without application, on the strength of academic merit and the recommendations of aschool or department. Other scholarships may have conditions specified by the donor. Further details are available at the Student Affairs Office.
The University awards Postgraduate Studentships to full-time postgraduate students which can involve assisting in teaching and research. In 1993-94, these are at the rates of $9,500, $4,750 or $2,375 per month.
The academic regulations define the structure of the programmes of study at the University and govern each student's academic progress. All students are responsible for their individual conduct and for their adherence to the regulations.
This section of the Calendar is divided into three parts. The first describes regulations which apply to all students. The second and third deal with matters specific to undergraduate and postgraduate students respectively.
3) Stream -
A programme variation identified in the Calendar, sometimes as a University-approved requirement and sometimes as a departmental recommendation.
4) Concentration -
A defined grouping of elective courses identified in the Calendar, some- times as a University-approved requirement and sometimes as a depart- mental recommendation.
Courses and Credits Each student is enrolled in a specific programme offered by an academic unit
referred to as the student's major department, and is subject to the requirements of both that department and the University. The term major department includes all academic departments, the two divisions in the School of Humanities and Social Science, and the units administering joint programmes. Exemptions from specific requirements are possible, but only in well justified circumstances. Written permission must be obtained from the major department.
An undergraduate programme requires six semesters of study, normally spread over three years. Examinations are taken at the end of each semester, and a grade is earned in each course in which the student is registered. In this way, credits are earned semester-by-semester towards the completion of degree requirements. Each credit carries equal weight, independent of the specific course or year of study.
Postgraduate programme requirements comprise semester course credits, the- sis residency and special examinations. Master of Science, Arts, and Business Admin- istration degrees (MSC, MA, and MBA) are earned primarily through course credits in taught programmes. The Master of Philosophy and Doctor of Philosophy degrees (MPhil and PhD) are earned through research programmes in which the primary activity is research leading to an acceptable thesis. These programmes may also include course credit requirements and special examinations.
The programme terminology used in this Calendar is based on the following standardised definitions :
1) Programme -
An official degree programme recognised by UPGC (and JUPAS, as appropriate) and given a unique programme code; e.g. CHEM, BSc, E440.
2) Option -
A programme "nested" within an official degree programme, which is handled within UST as if it were a separate, free-standing degree programme; e.g. MATH, BSc, Mathematical Sciences Option in Compu- ter Science.
The basic unit of instruction at the University is a course. Courses usually take place in either the Fall or Spring Semester, and each course has a specified credit value 0, 1,2,3,4, etc. All courses are designated in the format of the following example :
ClVL 371 Geotechnical Engineering [3-1-3:4]
in which ClVL denotes the Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, 371 is the course number with the first digit denoting the usual programme year in which the course is taken : 0 = introductory 1 = year 1 2 = year 2 3 = year 3 5 = postgraduate courses
6 = special topic courses, seminars, independent studies, reading courses and master's research
7 = doctoral seminars and research
and the second and third digits follow adepartmental code. Introductory courses (first digit in course code is 0) are designed for undergraduate students without an AL background in the subject area. A student admitted with an acceptable AL grade in the subject must replace such a course with an appropriate alternative.
The course vector 13-1 -3:4] gives the number of instructional hours required and the course credits using the code
1st digit = lecture hours per week
2nd digit = tutorial, seminar or recitation hours per week 3rd digit = laboratory hours per week
4th digit = number of course credits
The credit value of a course depends on both the required scheduled hours of instruction and the additional non-scheduled hours of work expected of students. Normally one lecture hour per week equals one credit, one seminar hour per week one credit, and three laboratory hours perweek one credit. As in the example, some sessions may be given less credit per hour if some scheduled hours such as tutorials reduce non- scheduled work by students.
Academic Regulations Academic Repulations
Courses are offered by the following departments :
SCHOOL OF SCIENCE Biochemistry Biology Chemistry Mathematics Physics BlCH BlOL CHEM MATH PHYS SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
Chemical Engineering CENG
Civil and Structural Engineering ClVL
Computer Sdence COMP
Electrical and Electronic Engineering ELEC
Industrial Engineering INDE
Mechanical Engineering MECH
ISCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT
Business Information Systems BlNF
1SCHOOL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE Division of Humanities
Division of Social Science
Each student must enrol in an approved programme of study in each semester. This approval should be obtained from the student's major department during the period specified for course registration.
Students admitted to a full-time programme of study are expected to study full- time fortheir degrees, and are cautioned that outside workcommitments may impede their academic performance.
Unless prior permission from the Director of Admissions, Re~istration and Records is obtained, students are not permitted to register for another at this University or at another post-secondary institution. Student enrolment lists are compared with those of other post-secondary institutions from time to time. If students are found to
be registered elsewhere, they will normally be required to discontinue their studies at this University.
Course Prerequisites and Exclusions
Permission of the department offering the course is an alternative to the stated prerequisites, and this is a requirement for all courses for which prerequisites are not stated. Unless an exemption is granted by the department in which the course is given, all prerequisitecoursesshould have been passed (grade D or better, or P) before astudent registers in a course. It is the students' responsibility to ensure that they have the necessary background to undertake a course, although their departmental advisors may provideassistance. In somecases, 'background'coursesare identified in order to indicate the general level of desirable prior knowledge.
Students should also take care not to enrol in coursesforwhich they have already obtained an equivalent qualification. These are denoted as "exclusions" in the course description. In such cases, any credits earned will not count towards degree require- ments.
Course Enrolment Changes
Theschedule for course registration includes aone-weekUadd-drop" period atthe beginning of each semester. Changes made in this period will not be reflected in the student's record.
A student who wishes to withdraw from a course after the "add-drop" period may do so up to six weeks before the end of classes. Such late withdrawals may affect a student's academic progress and are entirely the student's responsibility, although advice must be soughtfrom the student's major department. The Withdrawal without Penalty (W)
grade will be recorded as the course grade. Withdrawals after the deadline will not be accepted. Special arrangements pertain to half-semester courses in the Master of Business Administration (MBA) programme.
A student may register, with the permission of the course instructor, in a course as an auditor. Subject to satisfying requirements set at registration by the instructor, the course will be designated AU on the student's transcript. No course credit is given for audited courses.
Grades given in each course are based on student performance in the final examination, tests, essays and reports, presentations and other forms of classroom participation, assignments, and laboratory exercises, although not all these elements may be present in each course. A failing grade in the laboratory component, if any, of a course may result in afailure in the whole course. The instructor in each course will discuss the course grading scheme with the class in the first week of lectures.
Final examinations are scheduled following the end of lectures after ashort study break. Failure to take the examination as scheduled without prior permission for
Academic Renulations Academic Reaukztions
exemption from the department offering the course results in automatic course failure although the student may appeal to the department within two weeks for special consideration, giving well-enunciated reasons. When a student is exempted from writing the regular final examination, the department may decide that the student (1) repeat the course, (2) take a special make-up examination for which a grade is assigned, (3) take a graded supplementary examination, or (4) be granted pass standing in the examination. In this last case the course grade is based on the grades obtained in the other course components excluding thefinal examination. ~ e d i c a l reasons, authenticated by a physician's certification that the student was unable to take the examination, will normally result in the selection of option (2), (3) or (4) above.
Grades will be posted in departments as soon as they become available. On posted grade lists, students are identified only by their student numbers. Individual grade reports are sent to students approximately four weeks after the end of each semester.
A student may apply for a grade review in a course in which the student was enrolled in the semester just completed. This request should be made to the department offering the course. If a review is granted, the grading will be reviewed by the course instructor or another member of the departmental faculty. Reviews must be requested within two weeks from the day on which grades are posted in the department. Any subsequent appeals against the department's decision must be made within two weeks of receiving the decision to the dean of the school concerned. The dean's decision is final.
Undergraduate course grades are defined on page 30 and postgraduate course grades on page 34.
A grade average (GA) is the average weighted grades obtained in a group of courses where each course is given a weight equal to its credit value. Courses graded P, I, IP, W, PP and AU are omitted from this calculation. All GA's are reported using the closest letter grade.
There are three grade averages. The semester grade average (SGA) is the combined grade average covering all courses taken in both the semester and the session immediately following. The cumulative grade average (CGA) is based on all the courses taken by the student which are expected at the time of calculation to be applied towards the degree requirements in the current programme. At graduation, a graduation grade average (GGA) will be calculated from the courses that are presented for the award of a degree.
Continuation of Study
Students are admitted to a specific programme to commence study in a specific semester. Failure to enrol in the first or any subsequent semester results in automatic
withdrawal from their programme of study and suspends registration at the University unless a formal Leave from Study has been obtained. Leave from Study is possible only on application to and with the approval of the student's major department.
Students who withdrew or were required to withdraw from the University may formally apply for direct admission following the procedures described earlier in the Calendar under 'Admission of Students' (page 8).
A student may change from one programme of study to another with the permission of the major department into which the student wish to transfer. If a transfer is approved, that department will determine which credits from the student's former programme apply to the new programme. Normally, the transfer will not be effected until the following semester.
Requests for a variance to the academic regulations should be made in the first instance to the student's major department. Any subsequent appeals against a depart- mental decision must be made within two weeks of receiving notice of the decision. Such appeals should be well documented and addressed to the dean of the school in which the student is enrolled. The dean's decision is final.
The University expects good conduct from all students, and actively discourages undesirable behaviour. Rules and regulations are formulated and enforced to ensure the effective operation of the university,-and the well-being of students and staff.
Students should acquaint themselves with the University's policy on academic discipline, as described in the following section.
Academic Integrity and Discipline
Academic integrity is basic to the work of all students at the University, and for scholarly and scientific work generally. Central to academic integrity is the presentation of one's own work as one's own, the acknowledgement of others' work, and the truthful reporting of results obtained.
There are a number of ways in which the tenets of academic integrity may be violated. The offences below are by no means exhaustive and the determination of academic dishonesty will be based on the broader context of the students' possible intent to mislead an instructor or the University as to their academic achievement, status, or qualifications. "Students" as used here includes currently registered students as well as those who have graduated or left the University.
Academic Re~ulations Academic Re~utktions
Plagiarism is defined as the presentation of work which actually originates from other sources as one's own, for credit in a course or programme of study or towards the fulfilment of degree requirements. It includes the presentation in theses, examinations, tests, term papers, and other assignments, of someone else's work without attribution, including the presentation of someone else's argument in one's own words without acknowledgement.
Cheating is defined as the unauthorised giving or receiving or utilising, or any attempt to do so, of information or assistance durina a test or examination. Also included are the unauthorised receipt or conveyance, orthe attempt to do so, of test or examination questions; giving or receiving assistance on an essay or assignment beyond what is approved by the instructor; impersonating someone else or causing or allowing oneself to be impersonated by someone else in writing or participating in a test or examination; the submission of any academic work containing a purported statement of fact, or reference to a source, which has been concocted; presenting for credit in any course or programme of study, without the permission of the instructor concerned, academic work for which credit has previously been obtained or is being sought in another course or programme of study in the University or elsewhere; and any other conduct designed to provide a misleading basis for judgement of the student's performance or academic standing.
Procedures in Case of Academic Dishonesty
If an instructor suspects that an act of academic dishonesty has been committed,
I he or she may choose in the first instance to discuss the matter privately with the student concerned to amve informally at a mutually acceptable resolution. However, in cases when such agreement is not possible and in which the instructor has strong reasons to believe that a breach of academic integrity has occurred, the instructor may wish to begin a formal process of enquiry by calling a meeting with the student according to the procedures outlined below. If the offence relates to the activities of an academic department, division, centre or asimilar unit, rather than a specificcourse,
anappropriate member of the University staff arranges the meeting. In all cases, the student is informed of the purpose of the meeting in advance and the discussion is on record.
If, after the meeting, the instructor, or other appropriate individuals as noted, is satisfied that no academicdishonesty has beencommitted, no further action is taken. The decision is conveyed to the student. If the student admits the alleged offence, the instructor may recommend an appropriate sanction and the student is informed accord- ingly. A report is made to the student's major department. If, however, the student denies the charge, or disputes the sanction, or fails to attend the meeting, and the instructor decides that an act of academic dishonesty has been cammitted, the instructor forwards the case to the department head for further action.
The following sanctions may be imposed, singly or in combination, and will be noted in the student's file: verbal or written warning or reprimand; lower grade or failure on the assignment or test or examination, which may result in a lower course grade including failure in the course; make-up assignment or test or examination; a reduction of the final grade or a failure in the course as a penalty exclusive of any reduced grade; withdrawal of eligibility for future scholarships and other academic awards; ineligibility for
honours upon graduation; suspension from the University for a set period or indefinitely; cancellation of academic standing or academic credits obtained thus far; withholding or rescinding a HKUST degree; any other sanctions, as deemed appropriate for certain offences.
Student Rights and Obligations
Students have the rightto be informed that an academicoffence is suspected, to defend themselves against the charges and present evidence, and to meet with the authority imposing a sanction for this latter purpose. They should be informed of the verdict, the sanction, and the appeal procedures and should also be advised to approach the Director of Student Affairs for advice and guidance.
An appeal may be made against either the verdict or the sanction@) imposed. This must be made in writing within fourteen days of receiving the decision and should state the grounds on which it is made. Normally, appeals will be considered only on the grounds of procedural irregularity or new evidence.
In some cases appeal decisions can be appealed against. At each stage the student is informed if further appeal is possible and any conditions which may pertain.
Examinees may be asked to show their identity cards for verification purposes. Normally, no examinees will be allowed to enter the examination room later than thirty minutes after the start of the examination, and no examinees will be permitted to leave the examination room within the firstthirty minutes of the examination. An invigilator or examiner may waive this time limit under special circumstances, such as sickness.
Examinees must hand in their answer books on leaving the examination room. However, examinees may not be allowed to leave the examination room during the last fifteen minutes of the examination and must remain seated until all the examination answer books have been collected by an invigilator.
Examinees who fail to attend an examination without prior approval of the examiner will be deemed to have failed the examination. Examinees who are taken ill during the examination and have to leave the examination room are advised to proceed immediately to the Student Health Services on campus, if possible, or seek other appropriate medical assistance as soon as possible. Appeals for special consideration, for example, for medical reasons, are described elsewhere in the Calendar.
Examinees are not allowed to bring intoor remove from the examination room any printed or written matter save with the express permission of an examiner or invigilator. Unless expressedly permitted by the examiner, no books, paper, calculators, or any information storage and retrieval device will be allowed.
Examinees should write only on their answer books or on any supplementary answer books and sheets provided for the purpose and shall surrender all such materials in good order on leaving the examination room. Answers should be written on the right hand page only, with the left hand page used for rough work. The examiners may read only the right hand page material.
No conversation will be allowed during the examination and questions about the examination should be addressed to an invigilator. Any irregularity of conduct in the examination room will be reported and examinees causing disturbance in the examination room will be expelled from the examination room and may face disciplinary action.
In the event of cancellation of examinations as a result of Storm Warning Signal No. 8 or above being hoisted or Rainstorm Black Warning being issued, arrangements will be made for the examinations affected to be held
assoon as practicable after the official examination period and candidates will be notified accordingly through public announce- ments, etc.
Examinees should be aware of the University's policy on academic discipline, as described elsewhere in the Calendar, and cannot claim innocence due to ignorance. Intellectual Property Rights
The University has established policies with respect to intellectual properly rights which apply, generally, to all faculty, staff and students. In particular, the provisions of the University patent policy are applicable to students and adherence thereto is a condition of continued enrolment.
Further information on the patent, copyright, software, and trade and service marks management policies may be obtained from the Office of the Pro-Vice-chancellor for Research and Development. The University may make changes to these policiesfrom time to time.
Undergraduate degree programmes and designated programme options (here- after referred to collectively
asprogrammes) are composed of a structured set of courses which must be satisfactorily completed in order to satisfy degree requirements. Each programme contains courses in the field of major study and related areas, and in addiiion courses from all other schools. A minimum number of credits is required in each programme in the range from 100 to 105. Individual student programmes may exceed these minima owing to the choice of electives with higher-than-required credit value or enrolment in additional courses not required in the student's programme.
Details of the various undergraduate are found in the departmental entries in this Calendar. The programme requirements are presented in the semester-by- semester format which students are expected to follow. However, students who complete a particular course in asemester earlierthan shown may substitute another course ortake a reduced course load. Each studenrs semester course registration requires departmen- tal approval.
Students must com~lete all of the requirements of all semesters in order to complete the degree requirements, and should make themselvesfamiliarwith the general and undergraduate University requirements, as well
asthose of their major department.
Course and Programme Registration
Courses designated as 'core courses' (C) must be taken in the semester indicated. In certain circumstances, and with the permission of the major department, those courses designated as 'required' (R) may be taken at other times. Elective (E) courses are selected by the student in the specified areas, subject to departmental approval and options exist as to when they may be taken. Some courses may not be allowed for elective credit. Unless stated otherwise, courses replacing specified ones will have the same course designation (C, R or E) as given to the course being replaced. Of the four Humanities and Social Science electives, at least one course in Humanities and one in Social Science are required. When a specific course is not identified, the course vector shown defines the minimum credit normally required.
A course exemption may be granted if the student can produce evidence, such as a transcript and course syllabus, that a core or required course is equivalent in content to another course taken elsewhere, for which asatisfactory grade has been obtained. No credits will be given for the exempted course, and the student must take an approved alternative course.
A failed course (grade F) cannot be credited towards a degree, and a failed core or required course must be repeated. The maximum number of repeats of agiven course is one. Note that students may not repeat passed courses for upgrading purposes.
Deviations from Curriculum
Under exceptional circumstances, the department may consider a student's request to approve deviations from the specified cu;riculum. ~tucients wishing to deviate from the specified semester programme, and while choosing elective courses, should pay close attention to the course descriptions found in the departmental entries in order to ensure that they have completed the prerequisite courses, if any, and are enrolled in the corequisite courses, if any.
Length of Study
It should be noted that special permission is required from the dean of the student's school to extend a programme beyond six semesters. Students permitted to study beyond a sixth semester will register as full-time students, pay full fees, be subject to all university regulations, and be entitled to all normal student services. However, student housing will not be available to such students unless special permission has been obtainedfrom the Director of Student Affairs. Registration is normally not possible beyond an eighth semester, although permitted leaves of absence will not count towards the limits on registration.
Students designated as pursuing a joint programme require the approval of their admission to the programme by the departments or schools jointly offering the pro- gramme. They have the same priority of access to the courses specified in their programme as do majors in those departments. Presently such joint programmes are the Computer Science and Business and Management options in Mathematical Sciences. Other undergraduates may wish to follow the curriculum of such joint pro- grammes but they have access to courses outside their major departments only after major and joint programme students have been accommodated. Their access cannot be assured.
All students completing joint programme requirements will be considered for the degree designation of that programme, whether or not they were so designated previ- ously. The class of honours, however, must be agreeable to both departments and their schools. Otherwise, the degree will be awarded in the major department only.
English Language Courses
All undergraduate students entering the University will be assessed as to their English language proficiency. Those for whom English language support is deemed essential will be offered langua~e - - classes. LANG 001 is a programme requirement for such students and will provide an integrated-skill course in language improvement during the Fall Semester. LANG 002 is a Spring Semester follow-up course for students who do not gain exemption at the end of LANG 001. LANG 003 is an intensive summer course which offers the opportunity for students not exempted after LANG 002 to complete their English language requirements. Students will not be able to continue into the second year of their studies unless an exemption has been gained.
Students receive a letter grade in each course in which they are enrolled. Grades range in equal increments from A+ to UF, with EIF carrying zero credit. The grades D- and D+ are not used as course grades and are omitted from the following table.
Letter Grades Definitions
Excellent Performance Good Performance Satisfactory Performance 30 Academic Regulations D Marginal Pass E Conditional Failure F Unconditional Failure P Pass, ungraded
Other Designations Definitions
W Withdrawal without Penalty
I P In Progress
PP Permitted to Proceed
A student receiving the Conditional Failure (E) grade has an opportunity to take a supplementary examination which will be scheduled approximately two weeks after the release of grades by departments. The supplementary examination grade will normally be D or F and, if the supplementary examination is not taken, the E grade is converted to F.
A failed course (grade F) cannot be credited towards a degree, and a failed core or required course must be repeated. The maximum number of repeats of a given course is one.
The Audited (AU) designation will be assigned when an auditing student has completed, to the satisfaction of the instructor, any conditions established at registration as an auditor. If the conditions are not met, the course will be deleted from the student's record.
An Incomplete (I) grade must be converted to a regular grade by the beginning of the next semester, otherwise It is converted to F. This grade is used when work is necessarily delayed through no fault of the student such as a medical problem or an equipment breakdown.
The Withdrawal without Penalty (W) grade is given when a student withdraws from a course after the "add-drop" period and prior to the prescribed deadline of six weeks before the end of classes.
The In Progress (IP) grade is used to indicate that a student has not gained exemption from LANG 001 or LANG 002 and will need to enrol in the follow-up course. When progress on thesis or project work is satisfactory but not scheduled for completion at the end of a semester, the Permitted to Proceed (PP) grade is utilised.
For the attainment of good academic standing at the end of each semester, an undergraduate student should have obtained a Semester Grade Average (SGA) of C- or