論文寫作與研究方法學術研討會

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行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫 成果報告

論文寫作與研究方法學術研討會

研究成果報告(精簡版)

計 畫 類 別 : 個別型 計 畫 編 號 : NSC 95-2517-S-002-002- 執 行 期 間 : 95 年 11 月 01 日至 96 年 04 月 30 日 執 行 單 位 : 國立臺灣大學醫學院內科 計 畫 主 持 人 : 楊泮池 計畫參與人員: 共同主持人:孫同天 處 理 方 式 : 本計畫可公開查詢

中 華 民 國 96 年 12 月 05 日

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行政院國家科學委員會補助專題研究計畫

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成 果 報 告

□期中進度報告

論文寫作與研究方法學術研討會

Scientific Methods Workshop:

Survival Skills for Young Biomedical Researchers

計畫類別:

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個別型計畫 □

整合型計畫

計畫編號:NSC 95-2517-S-002-002

執行期間:95 年 11 月 01 日至 96 年 4 月 30 日

計畫主持人:楊泮池教授

共同主持人:孫同天院士

計畫參與人員:

成果報告類型(依經費核定清單規定繳交):

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精簡報告 □完整報告

本成果報告包括以下應繳交之附件:

□赴國外出差或研習心得報告一份

□赴大陸地區出差或研習心得報告一份

□出席國際學術會議心得報告及發表之論文各一份

□國際合作研究計畫國外研究報告書一份

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(一) 中、英文摘要及關鍵詞 (keywords)。

Although tremendous scientific progress has been made in recent times, the way we train our young investigators has remained basically the same - we practice apprenticeship. We offer our students courses on selected subjects, but we do not really teach them how to do research. Rather, by putting a student in a laboratory, we expect him to learn, perhaps by osmosis, everything there is to know about doing research. Many students found this process inefficient and frustrating.

Prof. Sun has therefore organized this course, which deals with practical issues such as: how to get (any) laboratory techniques to work reproducibly and predictably; how to read a paper actively, rather than passively; how to pick a research project; how to write a scientific paper; how to be an effective seminar speaker; and what we should know about scientific integrity.

Graduate students and/or young scientists will leave this course knowing the skills they must master in order to survive and to excel in doing research.

Keywords: Scientific methods, skills, biomedical research.

雖然近幾年來科學已有極大的進展,但我們培養學生學習研究的方式基本上 仍維持學徒制,提供他們特定的課程,讓他們在實驗室裏摸索學習,不正式教導 他們如何做研究,期望他們能透過學習、吸收的過程了解做研究的知識。有很多 學生覺得如此的方法不太有效率,甚至增加挫折感。 孫教授因此設計一套包括以下實務的課程:如何學習實驗室的精準技能、如 何主動而非被動閱讀論文報告、如何選擇研究主題、如何撰寫科學研究文章、如 何成為一名有效率的講者、以及了解關於科學誠信的必備知識。 我們期許研究所的學生以及年輕的科學研究者經過這個課程後,能夠學到做 研究必需具備的技巧,而且能夠運用在研究上。 關鍵字:科學研究方法,技巧,生物醫學研究。 (I)

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(二) 報告內容

前言

Although tremendous scientific progress has been made in recent times, the way we train our young investigators has remained basically the same - we practice apprenticeship. We offer our students courses on selected subjects, but we do not really teach them how to do research. Rather, by putting a student in a laboratory, we expect him to learn, perhaps by osmosis, everything there is to know about doing research. Many students found this process inefficient and frustrating.

研究目的

Prof. Sun has therefore organized this course, which deals with practical issues such as: how to get (any) laboratory techniques to work reproducibly and predictably; how to read a paper actively, rather than passively; how to pick a research project; how to write a scientific paper; how to be an effective seminar speaker; and what we should know about scientific integrity.

研究方法

z Scientific Methods Workshops

08:00 - 09:00 Registration 09:00-09:10 Welcome 9:10 - 10:55 Experimental Design 10:55-11:25 Coffee Break 11:25-12:20 Literature Analysis 12:20-1:30 Lunch 1:30 - 2:55 Scientific Writing

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(三) 結果與討論:

z 臺南約 400 位聽講者。臺北約 600 位聽講者、over-subscription 200 位。 z 計畫成果達成預期目標或應用價值 (Table 1)。

z 應用價值: 100% of audience “rate this course” as “outstanding”, “excellent” or “good”.

z 達成預期目標: 99.2% of audience regard “we achieved the goals” of this workshop.

(四) 結論與建議:

z These were most successful scientific methods workshops in Taiwan.

z Graduate students and/or young scientists did leave this course knowing the skills they must master in order to survive and to excel in doing research.

z 100% of audience thinks that “NSC should continue to offer this course in the future”.

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Table 1. Scientific Methods Workshop: Survival Skills for Young Biomedical Researchers

358 feedbacks from 600 attendees, Taipei, 3/16/2007

A. Overall:

Questions & Answers # Total %

Do you think this course is appropriate for:

Graduate Students 180 50.3

Post-docs 156 43.6

Faculty members (from a teaching point of view) 157 43.9 Medical doctors doing clinical research 151 42.2 All of the above 304

358

84.9

How would you rate this course?

Outstanding; I will enthusiastically recommend this workshop to some of my friends

269 75.1

Excellent; I enjoyed it very much 66 18.4 Good; I think its useful 23 6.4 Not good; this is a waste of my time 0 0 Useless; a waste of my time 0

358

0

B. Individual topics: How do you feel about each of these 4 lectures?

Questions & Answers # Total %

Experimental Design-How to get any lab techniques to work

Usefulness of the content

Extremely useful 301 84.1 Sort of useful 49 13.7 Not useful 1 358 0.3

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Should we increase or decrease this section next time?

Give us more 205 57.3 This dose is about right 147 41.1 This is too much; reduce the dose 2

358

0. 6

Scientific Writing- How to prepare figures and the first draft

Usefulness of the content

Extremely useful 320 89.4 Sort of useful 34 9.5 Not useful 1 358 0.3

Should we increase or decrease this section next time?

Give us more 227 63.4 This dose is about right 123 34.4 This is too much; reduce the dose 5

358

1.4

Oral Presentation

Usefulness of the content

Extremely useful 297 83 Sort of useful 27 7.5

Not useful 0

358

0

Should we increase or decrease this section next time?

Give us more 173 48.3 This dose is about right 149 41.6 This is too much; reduce the dose 1

358

0.2

C. Have we achieved the goals?

Questions & Answers # Total %

Have we achieved our goal of "defining scientific Methods, sharpening some of the tools, and inducing sufficient interest in you to possibly do further reading on this subject?

Absolutely! I think I have a bit more insight into scientific research as a process and have gained some practical knowledge about experimental design, etc.

314 87.7

I think so- to some extent 41 11. 5 No- I am as confused as before, if not more so. 0

358

0 (4)

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D. Future:

Questions & Answers # Total %

Should NSC continue to offer this course in the future?

Absolutely 341 95.3 I think so 14 3.9 No 0 358 0 E. Your background:

Questions & Answers # Total %

You are:

Graduate student- if so, what year? Master____, or PhD____ 249 69.6

Post-doc--what year? 22 6.2 Undergrad and Staff 57

358

15.9

How many years have you been doing research?

0 27 7.5 1-2 117 32.7 3-4 79 22.1 5-6 36 10.1 >6 90 358 25.1

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數據

Table 1.    Scientific Methods Workshop: Survival Skills for Young Biomedical Researchers

Table 1.

Scientific Methods Workshop: Survival Skills for Young Biomedical Researchers p.6

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