Apatite rare earth element abundances as a tool to recognize the granite
petrogenesis: Applications to Mesozoic granitic rocks in S China
The systematic and distinctive differences in rare earth element (REE) abundances, distribution patterns, and ratios have been successfully used to discriminate source-different S-type granites and I-type granites of the Lachlan Fold Belt in Australia. On this basis, REE abundances of apatites from typical S-type and I-type granites of Cathaysia Block in S China are used to compare with Early Yanshanian granitic rocks from Huashan, Kuidong, Jiufeng and Fogang batholiths using the method of LA-ICP-MS. Apatites from Indosinain S-types (Darongshan) show convex-upward REE distribution patterns, with significant depletions of LREE ((La/Sm)N = 0.57-0.69, (La/Yb)N = 0.94-1.22) and Eu (Eu/Eu* = 0.01) and slight Nd
anomaly. In contrast, apatites from Late Yanshanian I-types (Zudi and Yanqian) are characterized by right-inclined REE distribution patterns, with LREE enrichment ((La/Sm)N =
1.49-10.7, (La/Yb)N = 5.80-34.7), small Eu anomaly (Eu/Eu* = 0.12-0.40) but no Nd depletion.
Besides, in apatites from S-types the most abundant element of the REE group is Y, while in apatites from I-types the most abundant one is Ce. As a result, apatites from Huashan, Kuidong and Jiufeng have right-inclined REE distribution patterns, LREE enrichment ((La/Sm)N =
0.97-1.44, (La/Yb)N = 1.39-5.85), slight Eu anomaly (Eu/Eu* = 0.12-0.36) and no Nd depletion,
whereas those from Fogang have convex-upward REE distribution patterns ((La/Sm)N =
0.58-1.01, (La/Yb)N = 1.3-2.5), distinct depletion of Eu (Eu/Eu* = 0.02-0.05) and no Nd
depletion. When Sr and Nd isotopic compositions of these batholiths are concerned, Early Yanshanian granitic rocks (ISr = 0.71121 to 0.72260 and εNd(T) = -9.2 to -12.2) fall between the
Indosinian S-types (ISr = 0.7219 to 0.7300 and εNd(T) = -9.4 to -12.1 ) and Late Yanshanian
I-types (ISr = 0.7045 to 0.7077 and εNd(T) = -4.8 to –5.6). All these observations suggest that
Early Yanshanian granitic rocks are intermediate between I-types and S-types, and granitic magmas of different stages progressively evolved with mantle involvement. Furthermore, there is clear evidence of strong relationships between granitoid types and geodynamic environments. Therefore, characteristic REE abundances, distribution patterns, and ratios of apatites are able to identify different sources of granitic rocks in S China, applied to granite petrogenesis and potentially used as geodynamic tracers.
謝佩珊 民國 89 年台大地質系碩士班畢業，90 年進入博士班就讀，現為博士班三年級學 生。研究興趣為火成岩岩石成因與岩漿演化。
Barbarin, B., 1990. Granitoids: main petrogenetic classifications in relation to origin and tectonic setting. Geol. J. 25, 227-238.
Barbarin, B., 1999. A review of the relationships between granitoid types, their origins and their geodynamic environments. Lithos, 46, 605-626.
Chappell, B.W., White, A.J.R., 1974. Two constraining granite types. Pac. Geol., 8, 173-174. Chappell, B.W., Stephens W.E., 1988. Origin of infracrustal (I-type) granite magmas.
Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 79, 71-86.
Chappell B.W., White A.J.R., 2001. Two contrasting granite types: 25 years later. Australian Journal of Earth Science, 48, 489-499.
Hsu, K.J., Li, J., Chen, H., Wang, Q., Sun, S., Sengor, A.M.C., 1990. Tectonics of South China: Key to understanding West Pacific geology. Tectonophy., 183, 9-39.
Liu, X.M., Gao, S., Yuan, H.L., Hattendorf, B., Gunther, D., Chen, L., Hu, S.H., 2002. Analysus of 42 major and trace elements in glass standard reference materials by 193nm LA-ICPMS. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 18(3), 408-418.
Sha, L.K., Chappell B.W., 1999. Apatite chemical composition, determined by electron microprobe and laser-ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, as a probe into granite petrogenesis. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 63, 3861-3881.
Yurimoto, Y., Duke, E.F., Papike, J.J., Shearer, C.K., 1990. Are discontinuous chondrite-normalized REE patterns in pegmatitic granite systems the results of monazite fractionation? Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 54, 2141-2145.
Zhang, S.L., Wang, L.K., Zhu, W.F., Yang, W.J., 1985. Use of REE in apatites to distinguish the petrogeno-mineralization series of granitric rocks. Geochimica, 1, 45-57.