Unit 3 1 get into the habit of 養成…的習慣
說 明 be in/have the habit of + Ving則意為「有做…的習慣」，類似的片語有 make a habit of + Ving、make it a habit + to V 等。
例 句 1. Let the children get into the habit ofkeeping early hours.
2. Tom is in / has the habit ofdoing exercise every day.
3. Helen makes a habit oflistening to the radio when cooking.
Helen makes it a habitto listen to the radio when cooking.
If you ___________ ___________ the ___________ ___________ not paying attention to new information, you may suffer memory problems.
I am ___________ the habit ___________ not putting off what I can do today until tomorrow.
3. 我們勸 Ben 不要有向朋友借錢的習慣。
We advised Ben not to ___________ a habit of borrowing money from his friends.
→ We advised Ben not to ___________ ___________ a habit to borrow money from his friends.
2 on the other hand 另一方面
說 明 on the other hand是副詞片語，常置於句首，用以引導與前句相互矛盾的觀點或意見。
注意 on (the) one hand 不可單獨使用，而須與 on the other hand 並用，但 on the other hand卻不一定得和 on (the) one hand 並用。
例 句 1. On (the) one hand, skiing is a fun activity. But on the other hand, it is not easy.
(一方面來說，滑雪是很好玩的活動；但另一方面來說，滑雪並不容易。) 2. Making mistakes is never good. On the other hand, it pays if we can learn from it.
___________ ___________ ___________ ___________, a good memory can result from good habits.
The Internet has improved human life on a large scale; ___________ ___________
___________ ___________, it leads to many social problems as well.
3 A result from B A起因於B
說 明 相當於 B result in/lead to A，即 B 導致 A。
例 句 1. My success results from working hard.
Working hard results in/leads to my success. (我的成功是由於努力。) 2. Kathy's failure to catch the train resulted from oversleeping.
Oversleeping resulted in/led to Kathy's failure to catch the train.
____1. A good memory can result ___________ good habits.
(A)at (B)from (C)to (D)into
____2. The terrible typhoon ___________ many thousands of deaths.
(A)led from (B)resulted from (C)resulted in (D)was the result of ____3. My father's illness ___________ overwork.
(A)led to (B)led from (C)resulted in (D)resulted from
4 that is (to say) 換言之
說 明 that is為副詞片語，用來補充前面提到的事物，相當於 in other words。
1. Every day I have to cook three meals, that is, breakfast, lunch, and dinner for my family. (每天我必須為家人煮三餐，也就是早餐，午餐和晚餐。)
2. They just got married a week ago, that is, March 14.
(他們一個禮拜前才結婚，也就是三月十四號。) 3. Our boss is broke. That is, we are out of work.
1. 記性好是起因於好習慣。換言之，為了改善你的記性，你必須革除壞習慣而養 成好習慣。
A good memory can result from good habits. ___________ ___________, to improve your memory, you must break your bad habits and develop good ones.
2. Tony 不停地打呵欠；換言之，他睏了。
Tony keeps yawning; ___________ ___________, he is sleepy.
3. Stella 是個素食主義者；換句話說，她不吃肉。
Stella is a vegetarian; ___________ ___________ ___________, she doesn't eat meat.
5 Gerunds (Ving)
說 明 動名詞(gerund)可當句子的主詞、主詞補語、及物動詞或介系詞的受詞，它當主詞
例 句 1. Collecting stampsis my hobby. (集郵是我的嗜好。) ( 當主詞用，注意動詞用單數形 )
2. My dream is travelinga
3. They enjoy playing tennis when they are free. (有空時，他們喜歡打網球。) ( 當及物動詞的受詞用 )
4. Don't be afraid of
___________ your mind ___________ the best way to keep it sharp.
___________ heavily ___________ parents will make it difficult for children to stand on their own feet.
I remember ___________ this lady somewhere before.
6 S + spend + 時間/金錢 + on + N/V ing 花費…在…
例 句 1. Tina spent two hours on the letter.
Tina spent two hours writing the letter. (Tina花兩小時寫了這封信。) 2. Tim spends all his money on the sport car.
Tim spends all his money buying the sport car.
____1. Watching television is an activity that most of us spend too much time ___________.
(A)for (B)on (C)in (D)to1
____2. Judy is too busy to spend any time exercise every day.
(A)doing (B)in (C)to do (D)for doing
補 充 某人浪費時間或金錢亦可用此句型： S + waste + 時間 / 金錢 + on + N/
V ing 。
例 句 Don't waste your time on video games.
Don't waste your time playing video games.
( 別浪費你的時間在電動遊戲上。 ) 7 The more/er..., the more/er.... 愈…，愈…
說 明 此句型表示某事物與另一事物在數量或程度上以相同的比例增減，其基本 句型為「The + 形容詞比較級 (+ 名詞 ) /副詞比較級 + S + V, the + 形容詞比較 級 (+ 名詞 ) /副詞比較級 + S + V」。
例 句 1. The higher you go, the colder you feels. (你愈往上走，你就愈覺得冷。) 2. The more snacks Stacy eats, the more weight she gains.
___________ ___________ time you spend ___________ these programs, ___________ ___________ mental exercise you get.
___________ ___________ books we read, ___________ ___________
knowledge we have.
___________ ___________ we are, ___________ ___________ we live.
8 what + S + V
說 明 what 引導的名詞子句，可當及物動詞或介系詞的受詞(見例句 1)，或者作主
要子句的主詞(見例句 2)。當 what 引導的名詞子句做主詞時，其動詞一律 用單數型。
例 句 1. John often lies; as a result, I don't believe what he said.
2. What David has impressed meis his courage to face the challenge.
Teach others ___________ you know.
2. Stella 喜歡的東西都很昂貴。
___________ Stella likes ___________ very expensive.
9 when it comes to + N/Ving 提到，談起
說 明 相似的片語有 speaking of。
例 句 1. When it comes to/Speaking of sports, I like to play tennis most.
2. When it comes to/Speaking of traveling, you have to make plans in advance.
___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ remembering things or skills you have learned, few things work as well as teaching.
___________ ___________ festivals, children favor Christmas above all.
10 such as... 例如…，諸如…
說 明 N + such as...可改為 such + N + as...，意為「像…一樣的東西」。such as 相 當於 like。
例 句 1. Sandra can speak foreign languages such as/like French and German.
Sandra can speak such foreign languages as French and German.
2. Fruits such as/like oranges and apples are in season.
Such fruits as oranges and apples are in season.
____1. Playing word games, ___________ Scrabble and crossword puzzles, is another way of improving your vocabulary.
(A)as (B)which like (C)such like (D)such as
____2. Amy likes reading the poems by such poets ___________ Robert Frost and Ogden Nash.
(A)as (B)like (C)of (D)with
11 whether...or (not)... 不論是…或…
說 明 whether常與 or 連用，引導表示讓步的副詞子句：whether A or not 表示「不 管是否為 A」，whether A or B 表示「不管是 A 還是 B」。
例 句 1. Whether you like the rules or not, you have to obey them.
2. Whether it rains or shines, the game won't be cancelled.
____1. ___________ you are reading, studying, or listening to a speech, write down the information you may want to look up later.
(A)If (B)Whether (C)Since (D)As if
____2. Hank wants to become an actor ___________ his father likes it or not.
(A)because (B)even if (C)if (D)whether
12 needless to say 不用說
說 明 needless to say是常置於句首的副詞片語，可改為 It goes without saying that....的句型。
例 句 1. Needless to say, we must obey the law.
It goes without saying that we must obey the law.
2. Needless to say, students should focus on their schoolwork.
It goes without saying that students should focus on their schoolwork.
___________ ___________ ___________, it is an excellent mental workout as well.
___________ ___________ ___________, the more you eat, the fatter you'll become.
It ___________ ___________ ___________ that money cannot buy happiness.
U3 實力評量 I. 選 擇
____1. After Johnny moved to London, he got ___________ the habit of keeping early hours.
(A)in (B)to (C)into (D)with
____2. The workers are ___________ the habit of listening to the radio when they are working.
(A)in (B)into (C)with (D)at
____3.You have to ___________ a habit of reviewing the lessons you have learned every day.
(A)take (B)do (C)go (D)make
____4. Let's make ___________ a habit to take a walk in the park after supper.
(A)what (B)it (C)this (D)that
____5. Susan seems to spend a lot of money ___________ her clothes, but ___________, she never buys anything for her children.
(A)on; on one hand (B)buying; on the other hand (C)in; that is (D)to buy; in other words
____6. My mom has a bad memory, but ___________, we may call it a good thing because she tends to forget all the unhappy things.
(A)in other words (B)needless to say (C)it is thankful (D)on the other hand
____7. Philip is considered a coward; ___________, everyone thinks that he is a chicken.
(A)on the one hand (B)on the other hand (C)that is (D)on the contrary
____8. Reading books ___________ people get the information they need, ___________ they are young or old.
(A)help; if (B)helps; whether (C)help; whether (D)helps; if
____9. ___________ basketball with his friends made Bobby feel happy.
(A)Plays (B)Played (C)Playing (D)Play
____10. I always enjoy ___________ in the park at night.
(A)in jogging (B)jogging (C)jog (D)to jog
____11. Julie spent about two hours ___________ dinner for her family.
(A)cooked (B)cooking (C)in (D)on cooking
____12. Spending money ___________ useless things ___________ never good.
(A)on; are (B)in; is (C)with; are (D)on; is
____13. Students are asked to waste no time ___________ computer games.
(A)on (B)on playing (C)to play (D)in
____14. The more ___________ Kevin writes, the fewer mistakes he'll make.
(A)care (B)careful (C)carefully (D)with care
____15. The ___________ money Ted earns, the ___________ he becomes.
(A)more; richer (B)less; richer
(C)more; more richly (D)less; more successfully
____16. When it comes ___________ English, Jane can do it as if she were an American.
(A)to speak (B)to speaking
(C)to express herself in(D)in expressing herself in
____17. Most traffic accidents resulted ___________ careless driving.
(A)to (B)as (C)in (D)from
____18. The typhoon resulted ___________ serious losses to farmers here.
(A)on (B)to (C)from (D)in
____19. Working hard often ___________ success.
(A)result in (B)lead from (C)leads to (D)results from
____20. Ken got up very late this morning. ___________, he failed to attend the meeting on time.
(A)From then on (B)On one hand (C)For example (D)Needless to say ____21. The girl doesn't like to eat fruits ___________ tomatoes and peaches.
(A)such like (B)such as (C)as (D)which is like
____22. The trip to that mountain is not easy, ___________ on foot ___________ by car.
(A)whether; and (B)if; and (C)whether; or (D)if; or
____23. ___________, the friendlier you are, the more friends you will have.
(A)When it comes to make friends (B)To speak of making friends (C)On one hand (D)Needless to say
____24. It is hard for Jessie to believe ___________ she heard.
(A)who (B)from which (C)what (D)that
____25. ___________ goes without ___________ that God helps those who help themselves.
(A)It; saying (B)It; speaking (C)This; saying (D)What; talking
U3 實力評量 II. 翻譯填空
1.我們不知道 Ennis 何時養成吸煙的習慣。
We don't know when Ennis ___________ ___________ the habit of smoking.
I have made ___________ ___________ a walking to work.
→ I have made ___________ a habit ___________ ___________ to work.
This highranking police officer has more power; ___________ ___________
___________ ___________, he has more responsibility.
This job pays well, but ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________, it is very dangerous.
The change of oil price ___________ ___________ the war.
→ The war resulted ___________ the change of oil price.
Too much pressure can ___________ ___________ some mental illnesses.
Sometimes, too much money will ___________ ___________ much trouble, too.
Haggis is a walking dictionary; ___________ ___________, he is a learned man.
George was born with a silver spoon in his mouth; ___________ ___________
___________, he was born into a rich family.
___________ ___________ others for help all the time ___________ nothing to be proud of.
11.玩電腦遊戲是 Mario 花最多時間的活動。
___________ computer games ___________ the activity that Mario spends most of his time ___________.
Seeing is ___________.
Is it necessary to ___________ so much time and money ___________ that plan?
The ___________ you study, the ___________ it is for you to pass the final exam.
___________ ___________ you stay at the hotel, ___________ ___________
money you'll spend ___________ food and rent.
___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ going to the doctor, I cannot help feeling worried.
___________ ___________ snacks, Buck likes ___________ sweets ___________
chocolate and ice cream most.
Joanna is going on a diet. ___________ ___________ ___________, she will in no way have a bite of the junk food.
We should avoid ___________ ___________ we find on the Internet easily, it is true ___________ ___________.
___________ ___________ without saying that famous movie stars attract much media attention. ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________, they can't fully enjoy some basic human rights ___________ ___________ privacy and