國際核心勞動基準及其在我國實踐狀況之評析--以童工雇用禁止為例

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*

*

NSC91-2414-H-004-035

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fundamental

nonessential

Weston, 1992:17-18

civil rights and liberties

Macpherson, 1987:22

Macpherson,

1987:23-25

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Solidarity Rights

Weston,

1992:19-20

International Law of State

Responsibility for Injuries to Aliens

1919

1945

Charter of

the United Nations

1948

Universal

Declaration of Human Rights

1966

1953

1961

1969

1986

Weston,

1992:25-29

Group of

77

Ramcharan, 1992:27

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1919

Joyce, 1980:21-25

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trade-off

Macpherson, 1987:28-30

Macpherson, 1987:24

1967

1978

Joyce,

1980:38-40

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Bismarck

Rosen, 1992:372

1905

Charnovtiz, 1992:339

1919

Rosen, 1992:372; Charnovtiz,

1992:339

Treaty of Versailles

International Labour Organization, ILO

Charnovtiz, 1992:340

1919

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ILO, 1990:19-25

Liemt, 1989

Core Labor

Standards

1 9 9 8

Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work

1999

ILO, 2000

2004 7 142 154 163 161 161 160 134 150 ILO, 2004

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1948

1949

1948

1949

complaint procedure

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1951

ILO, 1990:105-6

ILO,

1990:41-42

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Marshall, 1990:71

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S e n g e n b e rg e r,

1994:51-53

Beutler, 1988:455-66

Beutler, 1988:477

What ought to be

Sengenberger, 1994:3

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social pollution

preventive economics

Sengenberger,

1994:25-29

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international fair labour

standards

Beutler, 1988:463; Rosen, 1992:373

1919

1919

1920

1921

1921

1959

1965

1973

Minimum Age Convention, No. 138, 1973

1973

1973

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1999

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Convention, No. 182, 1999

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1999

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2002

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International Core Labor Standards and An

Evaluation on their Implementation in Taiwan:

Using ‘‘Child Labor Prohibition’’ as the Case

*

Chih-Yu Cheng

Abstract

With the increasing trade relationship among nations, issues on labor rights and

environmental protection have also been continuously brought up. In particular

when many international trade organizations and multinational corporations use

labor rights protection as criteria for a trade relationship, whether labor rights

protec-tion has been fully implemented in Taiwan has become a concern of great

impor-tance. Under this circumstance, this essay would aim at analyzing whether such

‘‘international core labor standard’’ as ‘‘prohibition on child labor’’ has been fully

implemented in Taiwan. Furthermore, the result of analysis will be referred to the

government for labor policies making and revision.

Keywords:

Labor Rights, Core Labor Standards, Child Labor, Forced Labor.

Chih-Yu Cheng is professor at the Institute for Labor Research, National Chengchi University.

His specialties include Employment Relations, Labor Policies and Human Resource Policies. * This essay is completed on the basis of a research project entitled ‘‘An Evaluation on the Implementation of International Core Labor Standards in Taiwan’’ (NSC91-2414-H-004-035) funded by the National Science Council, the author would like to thank for its financial support.

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