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Countable/Uncountable Nouns 6

How Many/Much and Quantifiers 10

Sentence Structures 14

Coordinating Conjunctions---And, But, and Or 18 22

Advice Modals 24

Necessity Modals 28

Habitual Past---Used to 32

Simple Future 36

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Contents Contents

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6 7

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7 3 3

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Review 1 Review 1

Review 2 Review 2

5 5

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Wh- Questions 1 42

Wh- Questions 2 46

Prepositions of Place and Direction 50

Prepositions of Time 54

58

Comparatives 60

Superlatives 64

Adverbs of Sequence 68

Adverbs of Frequency 72

76 78

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14 14

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15 15

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11 11

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12 12

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Review 3 Review 3

Review 4 Review 4 Final Test Final Test

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1 1

Grammar Rules

Countable/Uncountable Nouns Countable/Uncountable Nouns

There is some juice in the bottle. There aren’t any eggs in the refrigerator.

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Countable nouns are nouns that we can count. Uncountable nouns are nouns that we cannot count.

Countable nouns have singular and plural forms. Uncountable nouns do not have plural forms.

Countable nouns can take a/an/the, some, or numbers before them. Uncountable nouns can take the or some before them. Do NOT use a/an or numbers before them.

Example the table, some telephones, a teacher, five forks

the cheese, some sugar, a coffee (), two meat () Uncountable nouns always use a third person singular verb.

Example There is water in my cup. () There are water in my cup. ()

To make uncountable nouns countable, use partitives before them.

Example a loaf of bread two bottles of milk

Some and Any

Use some in affirmative sentences with countable and uncountable nouns.

Example There is some milk in the bottle.

Use any in questions and negative sentences with countable and uncountable nouns.

Example Is there any milk in the bottle? Are there any eggs in the refrigerator?

Countable Nouns Uncountable Nouns

a banana a carrot a grape a strawberry a tomato an apple

bread cereal juice milk rice water butter

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Practice

A

A

Look at the table. Then, circle the correct words.

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Singular Forms Plural Forms

A/An The Some Numbers

* a cup of coffee some boxes of cereal two glasses of water three bowls of rice

 (verb = singular)

 (verb = plural)

a book pencils

an eraser the eraser some erasers two erasers

 (verb = singular)

 with partitives*

meat paper

a bottle of water

the paper some paper

1. Have (some / a) chocolate cookies.

3. Here are two glasses of (juice / juices).

5. I need some (meat / meats).

2. Buy (two / a) bag of sugar.

4. I eat (five / an) oranges.

6. Drink (a / some) water.

Some and Any

Some Any

In affirmative sentences

In questions and negative sentences

She drank some water.

There are some notebooks.

Is there any water?

Are there any cookies?

I didn’t buy any bread.

When to Use Examples

Countable Nouns Uncountable Nouns

1. Q ______________________________ juice in the glass?

A ______________________________ juice in the glass.

2. Q ______________________________ cookies in the bowl?

A ______________________________ cookies in the bowl.

3. Q ______________________________ coffee in the cup?

A ______________________________ coffee in the cup.

B

B

Look at the table. Then, complete the sentences with some and any.

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A

A

Complete the sentences with some or any.

More Practice

B

B

Complete the phrases with the correct words from the box.

C

C

Unscramble the words.

1. on / There / the table. / a peach / is

________________________________________________________________________

2. the plate. / any / isn’t / on / cake / There

________________________________________________________________________

3. flour / is / the box. / There / in / some

________________________________________________________________________

4. the freezer? / Is / ice cream / there / any / in

________________________________________________________________________

5. for / He / a banana / ate / a snack.

________________________________________________________________________

1. I buy ____________ juice at the store.

2. He doesn’t have ____________ children.

3. I want __________ strawberries for lunch.

4. Is there ___________ butter in the basket?

5. There aren’t ____________ flowers in the garden.

water bowl loaf tea soup bread cup bottle 1.

a _______ of _______

2.

a _______ of _______

3.

a _______ of _______

4.

a _______ of _______

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1 1

Challenge

Circle the errors and rewrite the sentences correctly.

1. I had some coffees last night.

___________________________________________________________________________

2. My brother drinks two glass of milk every day.

___________________________________________________________________________

3. You need a piece of paper and any pencils for the test.

___________________________________________________________________________

4. There aren’t any bread in the bakery.

___________________________________________________________________________

5. Is there some tea in the pot?

___________________________________________________________________________

Pair Work

Work with a partner. Practice using countable and uncountable nouns.

1. Kate -- have -- three -- banana ________________________________________

2. Henry -- eat -- bread ________________________________________

3. I -- drink -- two -- milk ________________________________________

4. She -- want -- coffee ________________________________________

5. He -- have -- notebook ________________________________________

Kate has three bananas.

Writing

1. butter (Yes) 3. monkey (No) 5. cheese (Yes)

2. soup (No) 4. eraser (Yes) 6. balloon (No) Speaking

Example: paper (Yes)

Student A: Is there any paper?

Student B: Yes, there is some paper.

Example: telephone (No)

Student A: Are there any telephones?

Student B: No, there aren’t any telephones.

Make sentences using the given words.

Take turns asking and answering questions using the given words.

Example: There isn’t any milks in the freezer.

___________________________________________

There isn’t any milk in the freezer.

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