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原文題目(出處): Osteoma cutis of the face in CBCT images. Case

Rep Dent Volume 2017, Article ID 8468965

原文作者姓名: Daniah Alhazmi,1 Fatma Badr,1 Fatima Jadu,1

Ahmed M. Jan,2 and Zainab Abdulsalam1

通訊作者學校: 1 Oral Diagnostic Sciences Department, Division of

Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of

Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 21589, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

2Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

報告者姓名(組 別):

Intern 曾忻(A)

報告日期: 106/08/10 內文:

Abstract Ostemoa cutis

1. A rare benign disorder where osseous nodules form in the reticular layer of normal skin

2. These nodules are formed by the deposition of lamellar bone and are characterized by osteocytes in the core and osteoclasts around the periphery

3. Osteoma cutis cases has always been challenging especially using conventional two-dimensional (2D) radiographs, owing to

difficulty in localization.


4. Cone beam CT (CBCT), with its three-dimensional (3D)

capabilities, offers a great tool to help detect and diagnose these calcific entities

5. We report a case of miliary type OC incidentally detected in the maxillofacial region using CBCT imaging.

Introduction Osteoma cutis

1. Age predilection: 10~20 y/o 2. Sex predilection: Female 3. Classification

-Primary Osteoma cutis

-Secondary Osteoma cutis: increase blood calcium levels

Cone beam computed tomography(CBCT)

1. Is a (3D) imaging modality that is widely used by dentists for a variety of indications.

2. Advantage

-Elimination of superimpostions -Lower radiation dose to patient

- The radiation dose from specific CBCT examinations can be as low as one-sixth of that of conventional multidetector CT

3. Safi et al:Osteoma cutis as an incidental finding detected on CBCT to be 2.27%

4.Four distinct categories:

-Fingle nodular -Plate-like

-Transepidermal -Multiple miliary.

Case Presentation


Case —

PI:A 45-year-old female presented to a university-based oral and

maxillofacial surgery clinic complaining from pain in her jaws associated with failing fixed partial dentures and requested dental implants

1. Medical history A. Anemia

B. Crohn’s disease

C. severe acne(痤瘡)as a teenager.俗稱的青春痘

2.Outward appearance

A. Multiple asymptomatic papules were noted on her cheeks B. The papules had hard consistency

C. The overlying skin appeared pitted

3.Treatment plan: CBCT(i-CAT) imaging of the jaws for implant treatment


4.CBCT shows:

A. Multiple small round nodules of homogenous high density B. They appeared within the thin layer of skin of the face

C. These imaging features are most consistent with miliary type OC, which presents as numerous lesions especially on the face of female patients.


1. OC is a benign condition in which soft tissue ossifications occur in the dermis layer of skin.

2. Classification -POC:

a) It is not associated with any history of trauma or cutaneous disease accounts for 15% of OC cases

b) Subdivided into two types c) unclear and confusing

-SOC: inflammation, trauma, neoplastic changes(腫瘤變化), venous stasis(靜脈鬱血)

3. Etiology and pathogenesis:unknown and debatable

4. Bouraoui et al., in a similar case report, suggested that acne may have resulted in scarring which in turn triggered osteoblastic metaplasia

5. Thielen et al. found an association between OC and chronic acne


6. Approximately 85% of OC cases are believed to develop as a consequence of prolonged acne. (OC常常發生在acne出現的位 置 )

7. OC can also occur in the breasts, extremities, and buttocks

8. OC is seen intraorally in the tongue:Osteoma mucosae or Osseous choristoma (less frequently)

9. Clinical OC presents

A. Asymptomatic single or multiple papules, nodules, or plaques or as miliary lesions


Bony hard

C. Skin color:yellowish white 10. Image show

A. small smoothly outlined radiopaque with a radiolucent center, with a density that is similar to bone

B. Shape: washer-shaped or donut or snowflake-like C. Size: 0.1 cm to 5.0 cm

D. These imaging features may mimic other calcific conditions in the facial soft tissues.

E. Surgical clips, wires, or sutures placed for procedures such as face-lifts may result in calcified nodules

F. Correct diagnosis:imaging findings搭配history taking and examination

11. .Treatment plan:

A. OC :focus on treating the underlying systemic condition if one exists.

B. Cutaneous nodules: no treatment to surgical excision C. Prognosis:without recurrence

D. Other option: topical tretinoin、YAG laser、CO2 laser






1 What is not the disavantage of Conventional Computed Tomography?

(A) The technique is time-consuming

(B) The radiation dose to patient may be high (C) The radiation dose to patient may be low (D) Required high level cooperation




Essentials of Dental Radioqraphy and Radiology,3


edition p.157





Conventional CT 與 Cone Beam CT 的比較與敘








X 光射束為錐狀 (D)


X 光射束為直線




Essentials of Dental Radioqraphy and Radiology,3


edition p.157 197 199



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The aim of this study is to describe a case of miliary osteoma cutis incidentally detected in the maxillofacial region using CBCT imaging..

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