thorough analyses of learning goals and student interests, experiences, prior knowledge, cognitive abilities, learning styles, and so on (Dick, Carey, & Carey, 2014).
Second, our findings also highlighted several critical issues that reflect recent social demands in South Korea. Student safety issues inside and outside schools have recently received much attention from all stakeholders. The increased attention to this issue has stemmed from a number of incidents in which students have been killed or hurt in accidents at school (for example, about 300 students who went on a school trip died or went missing when the boat they were on sank) and a 74.9% increase in the suicide rate of teenagers between 2000 and 2010 (Corks, 2013). As a result, teachers have recently been required to systematically supervise students’ safety in cooperation with their parents. In addition, the newly implemented free-semester system, designed to enable students to explore their interests and future careers without being concerned about tests and assignments (Ministry ofEducation, n.d.), also places a heavier career guidance burden on teachers. Teachers are required to systematically plan and conduct a variety of activities to provide students with proper career guidance. The peer-teacher, student, and parent responses fully reflected the changing social circumstances that schools currently face, which have generated new professional development needs for teachers. Accordingly, to inform future policy decisions regarding teachereducationand development, researchers should continue to collect and analyze the qualitative data obtained from the teacherevaluation for professional development.
• to establish monitoring andevaluation system at different levels to provide feedback information for improvement and development of individuals, groups, and the whole school.
To a great extent, different models ofeducation quality need different teacher quality, competence, and performance and correspondingly different aims and content ofteachereducationand development. Traditionally, teacher training programs often emphasize subject content knowledge, learning theories, and pedagogical techniques as the most important components for ensuring quality of school process. Yet, from the perspective of multi-models ofeducation quality, there are so many important and necessary areas in teachereducation that have been ignored if education quality has to be pursued and ensured. Of course, it is impossible to prepare a teacher, particularly a new teacher in a short time to be ready in providing all aspects ofeducation quality. It seems to be a life long process for teachereducationand development to meet the needs of multi-models on teacher quality and competence because the education environment is changing so quickly and schools as well as teachers at different stages of life cycle may have different needs in development (Cheng, 2001). Generally, in order to pursue total education quality in the seven models, the needs and characteristics of multi-models should be taken into consideration in designing teachereducationand development.
While collecting data on young people's Internet-related use, knowledge, and attitudes, TAIS researchers at this stage collected considerable data in the formative evaluations of eteachers' instruc- tional units. The researchers hoped that these results could lead to improved designs of units in the future. The formative evaluation methods used in this effort comprised ﬁeld tests of the units, observations of the classrooms, and interviews with teachers and students (Peterson, 2003). Based on the overall ﬁeld evaluations pertaining to more than 1950 students in 69 classes in 25 schools for 23 units, the results indicate that high school students were highly attracted to situation dramas performed by real persons, such as the drama presented in Fig. 2. Some of the students explained their attraction by noting that they could personally relate to the stories. In contrast, most of the elementary school students were attracted to animation features such as those in Fig. 1. Rapid tempos and cute characters held the key to the presentations' popularity. More than 90% of the elementary school students agreed that pictures helped them understand the abstract concepts of e-safety. In general, students expressed positive attitudes toward the instructions and enjoyed the presentations and activities. For TAIS researchers, the most important ﬁnding was that, in questionnaires, over 80% of the students indicated that they had begun to consider Internet safety an important issue capable of affecting their lives greatly.
The significant difference for the means of three exogenous constructs across the sub- groups brings about a critical practice for frontline staff. The significant higher means of all three exogenous constructs for the low education group than for the high education group indicate that customers with a lower education background may perceive relational selling behavior, network quality, and service recovery less strictly and give a higher evaluation compared to that of the high education group. This unique finding is very helpful for time management to frontline staff. Since time is a limited resource for staff, it must be well planned in order to produce the maximum and positive customer perceptions related to the three exogenous factors, and consequently achieve the highest level of relationship quality and loyalty. Specifically, frontline staff should schedule more frequently their visits or mutual communication in person or through the Internet to the high education group than to the low education group. Giving a different weight for service hours across subgroups can establish maximum relationship quality and achieve total loyalty management.
This study is focus on the elementary school teachers who were participated in Pro-fessional Development Evaluationand Teaching program in Taoyuan County. The re-search purpose is to identify which factors would cause differences of teaching perfor-mance.
The results will be analyzed in advance and suggestions will be made for those teachers who may want to join this program in the future. The study is designed by using questionnaire for data collection. The statistics methods are including descriptive analysis, factor analysis, reliability and validity analysis, Independent samples T test, One-way ANOVA. It is known that teachers participate in Professional Development Evaluationand Teaching program will enhance their teaching performance, this study shows that school dimension is an important factor in both evaluationand teaching performance. Since it is benefit for teaching, the school administrators should strengthen the guidance for teachers to participation, as well as ease the communication procedure to enhance the program effect. On the other hand, the teachers should understand that the program is designed to help and encourage them to upgrade their professionals and teaching performance. Through constantly self-educationand conscientiousness, teachers will increase their professional position.
Therefore, the explanation that Chinese people might also both maximize negative and positive feelings cannot be supported.
The ideas and results in this study suggest future research topics on well-being in the Chinese. According to the dialectical view of SWB, people with a Chinese cultural background focus their attention on both positive and negative emotions, which may lead them to favor a peaceful life with low fluctuation between positives and negatives (Mesquita and Leu 2007; Tsai et al. 2006). This tendency may result in a more stable response for measures of subjective feelings and life evaluation. Researchers studying the SWB in people with Chinese cultural backgrounds should therefore (1) take both positive and negative emotions into account; (2) consider the stability of indicators of SWB; and (3) figure out the meaning and experiences contributing to a peaceful life. The role of positive and negative affect has been investigated (e.g., Mesquita and Leu 2007; Tsai et al. 2006), but the stability of SWB and the meaning of a peaceful life in Chinese cultural tradition are rarely studied. It is unclear whether the Chinese tend to have a more stable SWB and a higher preference for a peaceful life than Westerners. This is worth investigating not only to increase our understanding of SWB in the Chinese, but also for extending SWB research in an alternate direction. The dialectical view of SWB in people from a Chinese cultural background may indicate another way of pursuing SWB, distinct from the Western method of seeking positive states and feelings. In addition, Chinese sometimes showed slightly
With the increasing popularity of the Internet, people are beginning to get accustomed to gaining medical information, ﬁnding medical support or re- ceiving medical consultation using the World Wide Web (WWW). This may be beneﬁcial. Matarrese and Helwig demonstrated that when healthcare providers provide adequate health education via the Internet, patients have increased satisfaction with their healthcare providers, and improve their ability to take care of themselves . The IPIS takes the advantages of the popularity of the Inter- net, and provides pharmaceutical education based on an individual patient’s medication proﬁle. It en- ables patients to access their complete medication records, and can provide them with a range of drug information including the appearance of the drugs, a hierarchical structure of directions for use of the drugs, and drug guidelines. Therefore, the IPIS can be a useful supporting system for healthcare providers in improving patient pharmaceutical ed- ucation. It should be made clear that although the IPIS uses Internet browser technology, it can only be used within the hospital; it cannot be accessed via the Internet. However. familiarity with the Internet makes it easy for hospital patients to use the IPIS.
Speaking at the ceremony, Professor Hayhoe said that the programme demonstrates the commitment of both institutions to training competent teachers of information technology (IT), and at the same time reflects the growing trend of cooperation among local tertiary institutions. She believes that, by combining the respective strengths of the two institutions in science, technology andteachereducation, the programme will help facilitate the implementation of the HKSAR Government's IT strategic plan in education. Graduates of the programme will be well-equipped to teach mathematics and IT subjects in secondary schools and apply IT in their teaching.
Implications for Canadian TeacherEducation
Even though the survey data analyzed in the present study was collected from teacher candidates in countries other than Canada, the data provides useful insights into the inclusive education delivered in Canadian B.Ed. programs and post-degree certificate programs in special education that also serve international teacher candidates and educators. Several Canadian studies have reported teacher candidates’ concerns over inclusion and urged the need to improve teacher candidates’ beliefs, attitudes, and knowledge of inclusive education (Frankel, Hutchinson, Burbidge, & Minnes, 2014; Hutchinson et al., 2015). Teacher candidates are frequently required to take only one special education course for their B.Ed. degrees. Our results are aligned with these studies on Canadian teachereducation, suggesting that teacher candidates should be offered sufficient learning opportunities for their own professional development on inclusive education for diverse special education populations, especially for visual and hearing
We take advantage of Web technology to extend hospital patient education services by integrating patients’ medical care data into their education program components and pre- senting them on the Web. Since most patients are concerned about their medical care data, the POEM system can provide the incentives to motivate patients to continuously and per- sistently log in and learn their required knowledge and skills, prolonging the effect of patient education after they have left the hospitals. The evaluation results showed that the POEM system was able to help patients control their blood glucose, HbA1c, and HDL levels better. The POEM system can not only support hospital routine patient education service, but can also provide an easy and inexpensive way for extension of patient education, increasing the likeability to be adopted by hospitals. Since there were many unaccounted factors that could have inﬂuenced on clinical outcomes, we could not justify which components (educational materials, medi- cal care data or reminders) contributed to the improvement in our approach; further studies should be conducted on these aspects.
The POEM system has been developed to extend hospital patient education by integrating patients’ medical care data into their education program components and presenting them on the Web. Since most patients are concerned about their medical care data, the POEM system can provide the incentives for patients to continuously and persistently log in and learn the required knowledge and skills, improving their clinical outcomes. A
This process is called handoff. In mobile systems such as AMPS , global system for mobile communication (GSM) without macrodiversity , DECT , D-AMPS , and PHS , hard handoff is employed , . In hard handoff, the old radio link is broken before the new radio link is established, and a handset always communicates with one BS at any given time. In the handoff procedure, the network needs to set up the new voice path for the handoff call. This setup time is referred to as the network response time If the old radio link is disconnected before the network completes the setup, the call is forced termi- nated. Thus, even if idle channels are available in the new cell, a handoff call may fail if the network response time for link transfer is too long. Note that a handoff failure may not neces- sarily cause a call drop. It is normally some time-out mechanism for the voice or signaling path which leads to a dropped call.
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While observing others in the society, people make explanations and judgments about others' behaviors. Previous studies have indicated that people in Eastern and Western cultures are different in information processing, the sensitivities to various social cues, and intentional evaluations, all of which could affect behavior judgment. Therefore, there should be cultural differences in cognitive or emotional reactions as well, which is what the present study is examining. We adopted the vignettes stimuli and the questions developed by Knutson et al. (2010) to measure the how Taiwanese participants think and react while making behavior judgments. And then, we conducted a factor analysis on our observations and compared the results with the ones obtained in the original study of the stimuli. It was found that the same number of factors and almost the same components for each factor as the previous study did. However, we found that for the Taiwanese participants, emotional aversion was more related to the norm violation, while for the American participants, according to the original study, aversion was more related to the social affect. The results of this comparison have demonstrated cultural differences between Taiwan and the United States in how aversion is evoked by observing others’ behaviors.