Top PDF Conceptions of learning science among high school students in Taiwan: a phenomenographic analysis

Conceptions of learning science among high school students in Taiwan: a phenomenographic analysis

Conceptions of learning science among high school students in Taiwan: a phenomenographic analysis

Center for Teacher Education & Institute of EducationNational Chiao Tung University1001 Ta Hsuch RdHsinchu 300Taiwancctsai@mail.nctu.edu.tw Educators and psychologists have evidence that studentsconceptions of learning have a profound influence on the learning process, and thus are related to learning outcomes. The purpose of this paper was to explore the conceptions of learning science held by 120 Taiwanese high school students. The interview data gathered from these students, analysed by a phenomenographic method, revealed seven categories of conceptions of learning science, including: learning science as memorizing, preparing for tests, calculating and practising tutorial prob- lems, the increase of knowledge, applying, understanding, and seeing in a new way. The educational contexts or curricular programmes in which these high school students enrolled also played a role in their conceptions of learning science. This study finally proposed a framework to describe the variations of the conceptions of learn- ing science, consisting of the following features: the forms of knowledge acquisition, motivational orientations, and standards of evaluating learning outcomes. How to change students’ unfruitful conceptions of learning science was also discussed.
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An analysis of multiple factors of cyberbullying among junior high school students in Taiwan

An analysis of multiple factors of cyberbullying among junior high school students in Taiwan

Also confirmed in the survey was that many of the teens were learning from the online resources, but that more of them were looking for fun, a sense of belonging, and interaction with others. The data again confirmed that the teens’ lives were now rooted in an online culture; they used the Internet for multiple purposes, in contrast to older computer users, who tended to use computers for specific tasks. Among all sampled students, 78% reported that they had been using the Internet for more than 4 years and 75% re- ported using the Internet at least 1 h a day, in addition to their 8-h or more school-based daytime studying. Teenagers take online communication, both verbal and textual, for granted as a daily communication medium. The phenomenon has contributed to teens’ mental dependence on communication technology. Being disconnected from the Internet signifies isolation, with no direct news from friends and no direct interaction with peers.
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Preferences toward the constructivist Internet-based learning environments among high school students in Taiwan

Preferences toward the constructivist Internet-based learning environments among high school students in Taiwan

3.4. Internet experiences and preferences toward Internet learning environments Previous research has revealed that students’ computer experiences were related to their attitudes toward computers (e.g., Levin & Gordon, 1989; Smith et al., 2000). Therefore, it was interesting to explore the relationships between the Internet ex- periences and preferences for the Internet learning environments. The Internet ex- periences, in this study, were defined as the length of time, of which students used the Internet per week. This study divided the sample students into three groups of dif- ferent levels of the Internet experiences: less than 8 h/week, 9–16 h/week, and over 17 h/week. In the sample, about 37% of the students self-reported that they had spent, in average, less than 8 h on the Internet every week, 38% for 9–16 h per week, and 25% for over 17 h per week. Table 5 displays an analysis between different Internet experience groups and their perceptions toward the Internet-based learning envi- ronments. The ANOVA tests showed that the Internet experiences played a role on
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Learning Attitude and Learning Strategies among Vocational High School Students 李宜儒、翁淑緣

Learning Attitude and Learning Strategies among Vocational High School Students 李宜儒、翁淑緣

This study aimed to investigate vocational high school students' learning attitudes and learning strategies. This study was conducted by questionnaires. Students from national and private vocational high schools in Changhua County in Taiwan were the population of this survey for convenient sampling. 720 questionnaires were sent; 665 valid samples were obtained, and the valid return rate is 92.36%. The data were analyzed with SPSS statistical software for descriptive statistics, independent sample t test, analysis of variance, Pearson correlation, canonical correlation and multiple regression analysis. Background variables and learning attitude’s impact on learning strategies were also examined. The results of this analysis show that: (1) Students from national vocational high schools performed better in both learning attitude and learning strategy than students from private vocational high school do. (2) Vocational high school students of industry major were more willing to review what they learned after class than students of business major do; however vocational high school students of business major were much easier to be influenced by teachers’ positive teaching attitude than students of industry major were. (3) When it came to learning method, concentration on class, strategy change and self-adjustment, female vocational high school students performed better than male students. (4) In learning attitude, second grade and third grade vocational high school students performed better than the studentsof freshman year (5) Vocational high school students whose parents were graduates of five year junior college had better learning methods, students whose parents were college graduates did better in reviewing what they learned after class. (6) Vocational high school students who live with their parents had better learning methods than students who did not live with their parents. (7) From canonical correlation results, we knew that vocational high school studentslearning attitudes were closely related to their learning strategies. (8) From multiple regression results, we knew that we could predict studentslearning strategies better by their learning attitude than by their background variables. Finally, based on the results of this research, conclusions and suggestions were presented for reference of the school education and researches in the future.
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Exploring high school students' and teachers' preferences toward the constructivist Internet-based learning environments in Taiwan

Exploring high school students' and teachers' preferences toward the constructivist Internet-based learning environments in Taiwan

Although this sample could not be viewed as a national sample, the surveyed students came from a variety of high schools in Taiwan, across different demographic areas and backgrounds, and might, to a certain extent, be said to represent many high school students in Taiwan. The selected students’ teachers (coming from 22 classes) were also asked to respond to the CILESI and some comparisons were made between students’ and their teachers’ preferences towards constructivist Internet-based learn- ing environments. The selected teachers were those who taught science, mathemat- ics, language and social studies for the participant students. A total of 78 responded to the CILESI. The teachers had average teaching experiences of 8.37 years, ranging from 1 to 25 years. Among these teachers, 45 of them were female
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Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Junior High and Senior High School Students in Taiwan

Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Junior High and Senior High School Students in Taiwan

How can Taiwan use the findings from the junior high and senior high GYTS to assist in developing their tobacco control program? In general, the main goal of a comprehensive tobacco control program is to improve the health of the population by encouraging smokers to quit, eliminating exposure to secondhand smoke, and encouraging people not to initiate tobacco use. Previous studies have shown that demand reduc- tion measures, primarily those that increase the price of tobacco, are effective in significantly reducing initi- ation of tobacco use and consumption among young people. 16 In addition to demand reduction measures, comprehensive tobacco control programs often include nonprice interventions such as restrictions on smoking in public places and workplaces, a complete ban on advertising and promotion by tobacco companies, dis- semination of information on the health consequences of smoking through various media such as prominent warning labels on cigarette packets and countermar- keting campaigns, and development and implemen- tation of school-based educational programs in combination with community-based activities. 16,17
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Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Junior High and Senior High School Students in Taiwan

Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Junior High and Senior High School Students in Taiwan

Abstract BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of death in the world. This article describes and compares tobacco use prevalence for students attending junior high schools and senior high schools in Taiwan. METHODS: This report uses data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) completed among 4689 junior high school students and 4426 senior high school students in Taiwan in 2004-2005.

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A phenomenographic analysis of variations in secondary five students’ conceptions of web authoring techniques and applications ,以新視窗打開

A phenomenographic analysis of variations in secondary five students’ conceptions of web authoring techniques and applications ,以新視窗打開

In the current study, those Secondary Five students were accustomed to competitive open examination. Despite the fruitfulness of collaborative learning enhanced through online discussion forum or learning community at the very beginning, student subjects were not fully engaged in collaborative online knowledge-building discourse after the first training periods. Indeed they did not share a good communal sense of knowledge building on web authoring. Subsequently, online learning community was not sustained and some student subjects failed to integrate online discussion notes into their project work, fully reflected in one of the above critical conditions. For further research, learning design should be aligned with modes of educational assessment and more marks should be allocated to group-based discussion through online learning community. Perhaps this is a big challenge to Hong Kong’s and other East Asian curricula, in which written papers in the form of individual- based summative assessment usually occupy higher proportions of examination marks. Last but not the least of all, some future try-out action research studies should incorporate more knowledge- building principles (accommodating student learning variations) for investigating the effectiveness of individualist and communal co-construction of new knowledge through online discussion forum or learning community.
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Diagnosing students' alternative conceptions in science

Diagnosing students' alternative conceptions in science

who knew that sound required an elastic medium to be transferred sometimes got confused and thought light and heat must be the same. Nevertheless, the data of the tenth graders did not show a similar finding. Researchers are encouraged to look into the complexities of students’ mental models more carefully by looking back at the responses of students on the items and how they may be related. Since the networked two-tier test system has the capacity to record students’ responses within a digital database, educators can effectively conduct such correlation analyses even when additional items are included.
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The Prospect of Learning English via Mobile Phones for Junior High School Students in Taiwan

The Prospect of Learning English via Mobile Phones for Junior High School Students in Taiwan

With the rapid increase of mobile phone ownership throughout the world in the last decade, it would seem useful to find ways to adapt handsets for learning purposes. Despite some obstacles that can hinder this technology from being used in education, with the relentless advancement in technology, the adoption of this new concept can still be expected. However, in Taiwan where the mobile phone penetration rate is one of the highest in the world, there seems to be very little research done regarding the use of mobile phones for language learning. This study reports on an investigation into the current digital environment for junior high school students in Taiwan as well as their attitudes towards incorporating handsets as tools for English learning. Among the one hundred and eighty four students surveyed in two junior high schools, it was found that the ownership of handsets has increased rapidly within the three year period. Most of them acknowledged the potential advantages and disadvantages brought by handsets in terms of ways to facilitate the learning. Based on the findings, it is clear that the students’ attitudes towards using mobile phones to learn English correlate strongly to their original attitude to this language. Also, students who had a handset of their own tended to be a bit more optimistic for the potential of this new way of language learning than their counterparts. The paper will discuss the implications of the findings for development of mobile language learning software in Taiwan.
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Self-perception of body weight among high school students in Taipei, Taiwan.

Self-perception of body weight among high school students in Taipei, Taiwan.

Taiwanese students with a self-perception of being too fat were more likely than those with perceptions of being just right or too thin to engage in weight management practices, to be [r]

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A Study on Students' Learning Satisfaction in Mechanical Department of A Vocational High School in Middle Taiwan 蘇、陳俊達

A Study on Students' Learning Satisfaction in Mechanical Department of A Vocational High School in Middle Taiwan 蘇、陳俊達

ABSTRACT This research was done to probe into the learning satisfaction of the students in the Mechanical Dept. of vocational high school . After the research and analysis of related documents and the analysis of experts' validity , pretest and reliability , I compiled this questionnaire to survey the learning satisfaction of the students of Mechanical Dept. in a vocational high school in Middle Taiwan.

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Epidemiological analysis of factors influencing an episode of exertional rhabdomyolysis in high school students

Epidemiological analysis of factors influencing an episode of exertional rhabdomyolysis in high school students

Some people, including athletes and fitness trainers, believe that postexercise stretching might help relieve pressure and soreness of the extremities involved. In fact, muscular activity has been suggested as the best treat- ment for the sensation of pain and stiffness after unaccus- tomed exercise. 2 However, when comparing students who did and did not perform stretching, we found that post- exercise stretching was significantly associated with an increased risk of ER. It is noteworthy that 1 of the students who repeatedly stretched the legs after the test (postexercise stretching) to reduce soreness later had mus- cle atrophy of the bilateral quadriceps. However, we cannot rule out muscle tightness or other sensations in students with impending ER that made them want to stretch, rather than stretching in and of itself, as a cause of ER.
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Incidences and correlates of Internet anxiety among high school teachers in Taiwan

Incidences and correlates of Internet anxiety among high school teachers in Taiwan

allowing play on the Internet, and modeling non-anxious behavior. Besides instructional techniques, findings from this study deserve consideration when designing such training sessions. The follow-up interviews in this study indi- cated that teachers already recognize the benefits of the Internet: the speed in finding and transferring information, an increase in teaching flexibility, and an increase in students’ motivation to learn. However, teachers in this study also expressed, among other things, concerns over students’ abilities to evaluate the information they find on the Internet, and to govern their own use-time in appropriate ways. Therefore, when teacher-training is planned and implemented, the concerns of teachers should be addressed, in addition to the particulars of hardware and applications. For example, those developing training sessions might help teachers to address questions such as:
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To examine the associations between medical students’ conceptions of learning, strategies to learning, and learning outcome in a medical humanities course

To examine the associations between medical students’ conceptions of learning, strategies to learning, and learning outcome in a medical humanities course

several previous studies pointing out that basic-level conceptions of learning were associated with surface strategies to learning [11, 16, 17]. An explanation may account for this finding. Starting from the first day of receiving medical education, med- ical students are expected to learn medical knowledge, to acquire clinical skills and to cultivate professional atti- tudes [30]. Assessments of clinical competencies, such as observing senior physicians’ professional behaviors in clinical encounters, discussion of clinical cases, and feed- back from multiple sources, are necessary and important [31]. Successful physicians combine learning medical knowledge, acquiring clinical skills and cultivating profes- sional attitudes with the flexibility required to implement competencies in the clinical encounter in which clinical contexts may change. Therefore, deep approaches to learning, including deep motivation and deep strategies, may maximize learning outcomes for learning medical knowledge, acquiring clinical skills and cultivating profes- sional attitudes. As a result, medical students holding the conception of learning medicine as “Skills Acquisition”
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Role of parents and peers in influencing the smoking status of high school students in Taiwan

Role of parents and peers in influencing the smoking status of high school students in Taiwan

Most studies assume that the critical determinant of parental influence is whether they smoke or not. 22 This influence is obvious when youngsters hold smoking parents as a role model to imitate. 2 56 In addition, having cigarettes easily available in the home certainly facilitates adolescent experimentation. 2 57 However, we have found that parental influence is much more than simply their smoking beha- viour. Parental attitude, which may be expressed in terms of tolerance toward smoking or the extent of TLC exhibited toward children, is another important dimension of parental influence. Ours is one of very few studies comparing the dual parental factors of smoking behaviour and perceived parental attitude. 8 27 58 59 Two studies that did take this approach found that the joint effect was much more powerful than individual effect. Nolte et al reported a 10-fold synergistic relationship in youth smoking between smoking parents who were permis- sive and non-smoking parents who disapproved of smoking. 49 Newman replicated this study and found a smaller, though still significant, threefold difference. 38 In contrast, a smaller relationship was found in both studies (twofold or less), when only one variable (behaviour) was considered. In our study, parental smoking yielded odds ratios of 1.8 for boys and 2.0 for girls. However, when attitude (TLC) was added, the relationship became much larger, 2.8 for boys and 3.9 for girls. These results confirm the notion that parental influence has been underestimated in studies when only one aspect of parenting was considered.
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English-Learning Motivation and Needs Analysis: A Case Study of Technological University Students in Taiwan

English-Learning Motivation and Needs Analysis: A Case Study of Technological University Students in Taiwan

Therefore, one of the teacher's jobs is to let students see clearly the relation between motivational intensity and language achievement by creating a virtual language environment with versatile activities in which students must eagerly participate in order to get the task done. For example, the teacher may choose an interesting but controversial newspaper article for students to read and discuss in small groups before they are asked to turn in a group written report. Or, the teacher may help boost students' motivational intensity by having them record their favorite English songs onto audio tapes before they share and explain the songs with the whole class. Although such activities may not immediately improve their English scores on school tests , they are, in the long run, beneficial in developing student autonomy in learning the language. Finally, the result presented "studying or traveling abroad" as a reason endorsed the most by the students, indicating that a winter or summer English camp in the target country arranged by the school may be a wonderful way to connect the learning of English to the actual outside world, and to help students broaden their views and obtain a deeper look at the target culture while practicing the language.
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Gender differences in Taiwan high school students' computer game playing

Gender differences in Taiwan high school students' computer game playing

Females were found to be less motivated than males to play computer games, and motivated by different reasons altogether, especially in entertainment, seeking infor- mation, and as social device dimensions. When females try to escape from routines and people, to escape from loneliness, or to fill time, they are equally as motivated as male students to play computer games. The most frequent game types female stu- dents play include puzzles, action, and role-playing; the least popular type of game played is sports. Female students obviously gain some enjoyment from playing; how- ever, compared with males, they experience equal enjoyment in escape and emotional release, but less from excitement and fantasy, and sharing enjoyment. In general, if females are more motivated to play computer games, they will experience more enjoy- ment while playing. Female students rated the impacts on their studies from playing computer games more positively than did males; this was also true in the areas of rela- tionships with parents and teachers. Females considered game playing positively influenced their relationships with friends, but not as positively as did male students.
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Exploring students' cognitive structures in learning science: a review of relevant methods

Exploring students' cognitive structures in learning science: a review of relevant methods

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Undergraduate Students' Conceptions of and Approaches to Learning in Biology: A study of their structural models and gender differences

Undergraduate Students' Conceptions of and Approaches to Learning in Biology: A study of their structural models and gender differences

only for the male students. That is, if the male students thought learning biology is just for passing a test, they were less likely to adopt the deep strategy for learning biology. Third, the conception ‘Calculating and Practising’ was more likely to have an influence on ‘Surface Motive’ and ‘Surface Strategy’ for the male than for the female students. The male students who viewed learning biology as ‘Calculating and Prac- tising’ might focus more on the formulae and definitions related to biology and thus tend to tackle corresponding problems by rote. Moreover, focusing on the rote side of the calculations and practices might reinforce these male students to conduct the calculations and practice just for the purpose of passing examinations and gaining better grades. Though conducted in a different country, Meece, Glienke, and Burg’s (2006) findings that male students had higher self-efficacy in learning mathematics could shed light on the reason that only the male students had this tendency to connect ‘Calculating and Practising’ with the surface motive. That is, since the male students had more confidence in their ability to perform calculations and algorithms, once they conceived learning biology as calculating and practising, they just tended to take advantage of their possible strength in mathematics, and thus tended to adopt a surface approach to conducting the required calculating tasks. Of course, this hypothesis needs to be examined by further research.
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