Top PDF Consumption of S-allylcysteine inhibits the growth of human non- small cell lung carcinoma in a mouse xenograft model

Consumption of S-allylcysteine inhibits the growth of human non- small cell lung carcinoma in a mouse xenograft model

Consumption of S-allylcysteine inhibits the growth of human non- small cell lung carcinoma in a mouse xenograft model

It is well-known that proliferation, angiogenesis, and malignant progression of lung cancer are correlated with the overexpression of COX-2 protein. It is already known that NF-κB transcription factor plays an important role in the modulation of COX-2 expression. To examine whether SAC could block the malignant progression of human NSCLC A-549 cells, we investigated the effects of SAC on the levels of COX-2 positively stained cells. Our results showed that SAC could significantly reduce levels of COX-2 positively stained cells in tumor-bearing mice (Figure 6B). In this study, we also demonstrated that the PI3K/Akt and NF-κB signaling pathways played important roles in the regulation of cellular proliferation. Furthermore, our results showed that SAC could effectively inhibit the activation of Akt/mTOR signaling pathways. SAC could also significantly inhibit the nuclear activa- tion of NF- κB molecules. Take together, these results indicated that SAC could effectively inhibit the proliferation and malignancy of lung cancer in tumor-bearing mice.
Show more

9 Read more

Curcumin Inhibits Human Lung Large Cell Carcinoma Cancer Tumour Growth in a Murine Xenograft Model

Curcumin Inhibits Human Lung Large Cell Carcinoma Cancer Tumour Growth in a Murine Xenograft Model

tion, induces apoptosis and has antitumour activity in many human cancer cell lines, including non-small cell lung cancer cells (Kawamori et al., 1999; Rao et al., 1995; Verma et al., 1997). Curcumin also exhibits anticancer activities in vitro and in vivo in leukemia WEHI-3 cells (Gajate et al., 2003; Su et al., 2008) and has been shown to act by regulating a variety of antitumour signalling pathways (Kuttan et al., 2007; Lin, 2007). It has been suggested that curcumin acts as an oral cancer preventa- tive agent (Sharma et al., 2004) although few in vivo studies have yet been reported. The present study focused on the anticancer effect of curcumin in vivo in mice, using a human lung cancer xenograft model of NCI-H460 cells.
Show more

4 Read more

探討水溶性大蒜萃取物S-allylcysteine對非小細胞肺癌細胞株的影響; The effect of garlic water-soluble compounds S-allylcysteine (SAC) on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cell line.

探討水溶性大蒜萃取物S-allylcysteine對非小細胞肺癌細胞株的影響; The effect of garlic water-soluble compounds S-allylcysteine (SAC) on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cell line.

Chu,Q., Lee,D.T., Tsao,S.W., Wang,X., and Wong,Y.C. (2007) S-allylcysteine, a water-soluble garlic derivative, suppresses the growth of a human androgen-independent prostate cancer xenograft, CWR22R, under in vivo conditions. BJU Int 99: 925-932. Chuah,S.C., Moore,P.K., and Zhu,Y.Z. (2007) S-allylcysteine mediates cardioprotection in an acute myocardial infarction rat model via a hydrogen sulfide-mediated pathway. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 293: H2693-H2701.
Show more

50 Read more

Curcumin Inhibits Human Lung Large Cell Carcinoma Cancer Tumour Growth in a Murine Xenograft Model

Curcumin Inhibits Human Lung Large Cell Carcinoma Cancer Tumour Growth in a Murine Xenograft Model

APOPTOSIS; ANTITUMOR; PRODUCTS; AGENT Abstract: Curcumin can decrease viable cells through the induction of apoptosis in human lung cancer NCI-H460 cells in vitro. However, there are no reports that curcumin can inhibit cancer cells in vivo. In this study, NCI-H460 lung tumour cells were implanted directly into nude mice and divided randomly into four groups to be treated with vehicle, curcumin (30 mg/kg of body weight), curcumin (45 mg/kg of body weight) and doxorubicin (8 mg/kg of body weight). Each agent was injected once ever), 4 days intraperitoneally (i.p.), with treatment starting 4 weeks after inoculation with the NCI-H460 cells. Treatment with 30 mg/kg an 45 mg/kg of curcumin or with 8 mg/kg of doxorubicin resulted in a reduction in tumour incidence, size and weight compared with the control group. The findings indicate that curcumin can inhibit tumour growth in a NCI-H460 xenograft animal model in vivo. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Show more

3 Read more

Consumption of Lycopene Inhibits the Growth and Progression of Colon Cancer in a Mouse Xenograft Model

Consumption of Lycopene Inhibits the Growth and Progression of Colon Cancer in a Mouse Xenograft Model

results further demonstrated that consumption of lycopene could increase cleaved caspase-3 levels and augment apoptotic cascades in tumor tissues. The results not only demonstrated the chemopreventive effects of lycopene in preclinical studies but also suggested a potential application in cancer prevention. Therefore, supple- mentation of lycopene could probably inhibit tumor growth and progression in tumor-bearing mice. To identify the additional roles of lycopene in cancer prevention, we further examined their inhibitory effects on the progression of colorectal tumor. The results demonstrated that lycopene significantly inhibit the expression of β-catenin, E-cadherin, COX-2, and phosphoryla- tion ERK1/2 proteins in tumor tissues. Recent studies also reported that increased phosphorylation of ERK1/2 proteins was strongly correlated with the induction of COX-2 and suppression of E-cadherin adherent complex during tumor progression in several types of cancer. 8,10 β-Catenin has come onto the scene and reached central status as an important regulator of several important oncogenes including cyclin D1 and c-Myc during tumor development. Increasing evidence implicates that β-catenin is an important biomarker of malignant colon cancer. Thus, suppression of β-catenin proteins would hinder the progression of colorectal tumor.
Show more

11 Read more

Concomitant consumption of lycopene and fish oil inhibits tumor growth and progression in a mouse xenograft model of colon cancer

Concomitant consumption of lycopene and fish oil inhibits tumor growth and progression in a mouse xenograft model of colon cancer

important role in the regulation of cyclinD1, c-Myc and MMP-7 expression. Moreover, the expression of c-Myc and MMP-7 is strongly correlated with tumor progression of CRC. Therefore, we investigated whether lycopene and fish oil would synergistically suppress the expression of the -catenin and c- Myc proteins in vivo. As shown in Fig. 3A, lycopene and fish oil significantly inhibited the expression of -catenin. Furthermore, lycopene and fish oil synergistically suppressed the expression of c-Myc protein in vivo. To examine the chemopreventive effects of lycopene and fish oil, we further identified the distribution of -catenin proteins by using immunohistochemical staining analysis in these tumor-bearing mice. As shown in Fig. 3B, -catenin proteins (brown areas indicated with red arrows) were accumulated in the nuclei of tumor control group. However, consumption of lycopene and fish oil significantly blocked nuclear translocalization and reduced nuclear levels of -
Show more

1 Read more

Berberine inhibits human tongue squamous carcinoma cancer tumor growth in a murine xenograft model

Berberine inhibits human tongue squamous carcinoma cancer tumor growth in a murine xenograft model

Abstract: Our primary studies showed that berberine induced apoptosis in human tongue cancer SCC-4 cells in vitro. But there is no report to show berberine inhibited SCC-4 cancer cells in vivo on a murine xenograft animal model. SCC-4 tumor cells were implanted into mice and groups of mice were treated with vehicle, berberine (10 mg/kg of body weight) and doxorubicin (4 mg/kg of body weight). The tested agents were injected once per four days intraperitoneally (i.p.), with treatment starting 4 weeks prior to cells inoculation. Treatment with 4 mg/kg of doxorubicin or with 10 mg/kg of berberine resulted in a reduction in tumor
Show more

2 Read more

Trilinolein inhibits proliferation of human non-small cell lung carcinoma A549 through the modulation of PI3K/Akt pathway.

Trilinolein inhibits proliferation of human non-small cell lung carcinoma A549 through the modulation of PI3K/Akt pathway.

for 5 min. Total proteins were separated using SDS-PAGE before being transferred to PVDF membranes, blocked with 5% (v/v) nonfat dry milk in PBS-Tween 20 and probed with the desired antibody (pAkt, Akt, PI3K, p53, p21, Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3, caspase-9, cleaved PARP and cytochrome c) (dilution ratio = 1:1000) overnight at

22 Read more

Rutin inhibits human leukemia tumor growth in a murine xenograft model in vivo

Rutin inhibits human leukemia tumor growth in a murine xenograft model in vivo

Tumor volume was less in the rutin treated mice com- pared with controls. Furthermore, the results showed that tumors that received rutin treatment grew slowly, suggest- ing that complete regression of HL-60 cells xenografts was not achieved using a single treatment. Therefore, this study provided the first in vivo evidence for the efficacy of thea- vonoid, rutin, on human leukemia HL-60 cells in xenograft mice. Vinblastine treatment also reduced both tumor weight and volume at a concentration of 1000 times lower than rutin. Multiple rutin treatment may be necessary to achieve complete tumor regression. In conclusion, rutin adminis- tered once i.p. per 4 days at 120 mg/kg was effective in reducing the growth of human leukemia HL-60 tumors in a xenograft mouse model. These findings are the first to study examine effects of rutin as a leukemia preventive agent using a leukemia murine xenograft model.
Show more

5 Read more

Inhibitory Effect of Dihydroaustrasulfone Alcohol on the Migration of Human Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma A549 Cells and the Antitumor Effect on a Lewis Lung Carcinoma-Bearing Tumor Model in C57BL/6J Mice

Inhibitory Effect of Dihydroaustrasulfone Alcohol on the Migration of Human Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma A549 Cells and the Antitumor Effect on a Lewis Lung Carcinoma-Bearing Tumor Model in C57BL/6J Mice

Abstract: There are many major causes of cancer death, including metastasis of cancer. Dihydroaustrasulfone alcoholDihydroaustrasulfone alcohol, which is isolated from marine coral, has shown antioxidant activity, but has not been reported to have an anti-cancer effect. We first discovered that Dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol provided a concentration- dependent inhibitory effect on the migration and motility of human non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) A549 cells by trans-well and wound healing assays. The results of a zymography assay and Western blot showed that Dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol suppressed 1 2
Show more

17 Read more

Targeting ECM/Integrin Interaction with Liposome-Encapsulated Small Interfering RNAs Inhibits the Growth of Human Prostate Cancer in Bone in a Xenograft Imaging Model. Molecular Therapy

Targeting ECM/Integrin Interaction with Liposome-Encapsulated Small Interfering RNAs Inhibits the Growth of Human Prostate Cancer in Bone in a Xenograft Imaging Model. Molecular Therapy

題名: Targeting ECM/Integrin Interaction with Liposome-Encapsulated Small Interfering RNAs Inhibits the Growth of Human Prostate Cancer in Bone in a Xenograft Imaging Model. Molecular Therapy 作者: Kristen Bisanz;Magnus Edlund;Bill Spohn;Mien-Chie Hung;Leland W. K. Chung 關鍵詞: small interfering RNA;prostate cancer bone metastasis;integrins, extracellular

1 Read more

Phenethyl Isothiocyanate Inhibits In Vivo Growth of Subcutaneous Xenograft Tumors of Human Malignant Melanoma A375.S2 Cells

Phenethyl Isothiocyanate Inhibits In Vivo Growth of Subcutaneous Xenograft Tumors of Human Malignant Melanoma A375.S2 Cells

Phenethyl Isothiocyanate Inhibits in Vivo Growth of subcutaneous Xenograft Tumors of Human Malignant Melanoma A375.S2 Cells Wei-Ya Ni 1,# , Hsu-Feng Lu 2,# , Shu-Chun Hsu 3 , Yu-Ping Hsiao 4,5 , Kuo-Ching Liu 6 , Jia- You Liu 7 , Bin-Chuan Ji 8 , Shu-Ching Hsueh 9 , Fang-Ming Hung 10,* and Jing-Gung Chung 3,11,*

11 Read more

SAllylcysteine inhibits tumour progression and the epithelial– mesenchymal transition in a mouse xenograft model of oral cancer

SAllylcysteine inhibits tumour progression and the epithelial– mesenchymal transition in a mouse xenograft model of oral cancer

ethanol for more than 10 months at room temperature. During the process, most of the orangosulfur compounds are changed naturally into more stable and bioavailable water-soluble compounds. Studies have shown that the active ingredients in garlic (Allium sativum) extracts, including DADS and DATS, effectively inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells (34-38) . SAC also reportedly suppresses the growth of several types of cancer (39-41) . Our previous study showed that SAC inhibited the proliferation of human oral cancer CAL-27 cells in vitro (42) . Moreover, SAC reportedly prevents the EMT and suppresses tumor progression in human oral squamous cancer cells in vitro (42) . However, the in vivo inhibitory effects of SAC on tumor growth and progression in oral cancer have not been demonstrated. The current study was undertaken to evaluate the in vivo anti-cancer effects of SAC, including the inhibition of tumor growth and progression. Immunodeficient nude mice with xenografted human oral cancer CAL-27 cells under the skin comprised the experimental model. It is demonstrated that the consumption of SAC significantly inhibited both the tumor growth and progression of oral cancer in this mouse xenograft model.
Show more

1 Read more

A novel indole-3-carbinol derivative inhibits the growth of human oral squamous cell carcinoma in vitro

A novel indole-3-carbinol derivative inhibits the growth of human oral squamous cell carcinoma in vitro

Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a natural phytochemical found in the vegetables of the cruciferous family, has been shown to suppress the proliferation of cancer cells of breast, colon, prostate, and endo- metrium by targeting multiple signaling pathways. 2–5 In addition, I3C shows a synergistic effect when combined with 1,3-tetradeca- noyl phorbolacetate plus CaCl 2 against oral squamous cell carci- noma cell lines. 6 However, there are several drawbacks for I3C as an anticancer agent. First, the effective concentration of I3C to ex- ert its antitumor activity is between 50 and 100 l M, which is impractical in vivo. Second, the chemical instability of I3C and vul- nerability to acid-catalyzed conversion into a variety of derivatives in the stomach decrease its antitumor activity. 7 Third, the inability to reliably monitor I3C concentration in plasma limits its pharma- cokinetic anaylsis. 8 Consequently, the structural modification of I3C or 3,3 0 -diindolylmethane attracted many researchers to devel- op novel indole derivatives with improved potency. 5,9 Among these derivatives, OSU-A9, an acid-stable analogue with higher apoptosis-inducing potency was synthesized. 10 OSU-A9 has been reported to be active against cancers of prostate, breast and liver in vitro, and has inhibited tumor growth of these cancers in xeno- graft animal models. Importantly, the repeated daily administra- tion of OSU-A9 to athymic nude mice in these experiments was well tolerated. 10–12 In the present study, we compared the
Show more

8 Read more

The fractionated Toona sinensis leaf extract induces apoptosis of human ovarian cancer cells and inhibits tumor growth in a murine xenograft model

The fractionated Toona sinensis leaf extract induces apoptosis of human ovarian cancer cells and inhibits tumor growth in a murine xenograft model

One previous report showed that T. sinensis leaf extracts were cytotoxic to human lung adenocarcinoma cells A549. In this study, we further explored the cytotoxicity of TSL2, which had the highest anti-ovarian cancer cell activity among different extraction fractions from the leave extracts of T. sinensis, on different cancer cells derived from ovarian cancer (PA-1 and SKOV3), cervical cancer (HeLa and HeLa S3), and endometrial cancer (RL95-2). The growth inhibition for various cancer cell lines, determined by cell survival assay, is shown in Table 1. Twenty-four hours after treatment with 1, 10, and 100 μg/ml of TSL2, we found that TSL2 had the most potent activities against ovarian cancer cells PA-1 and SKOV3, with IC50 of 11.0 and 26.4 μg/ml, respectively. In contrast, under the same dosage and time period, TSL2 had a very low cytotoxicity on cervical cancer cells HeLa and HeLa S3 as well as endometrial cancer cells RL95-2. Therefore, we chose SKOV3, which was derived from the most common type ovarian cancer, epithelial ovarian cancer, to further study the antitumor mechanism of TSL2 in vitro and in vivo.
Show more

6 Read more

Ferruginol Inhibits Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Growth by Inducing Caspase-associated Apoptosis

Ferruginol Inhibits Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Growth by Inducing Caspase-associated Apoptosis

Ferruginol Inhibited Human NSCLC Cell Growth via a Caspase-Dependent Pathway Activation of caspase family proteins plays a crucial role in apoptosis. Two main pathways, namely, the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways, are involved in caspase-related apopto- sis. To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying ferruginol-induced A549 and CL1-5 cell apoptosis, apopto- sis-related proteins were examined via western blot analy- ses. The results of the western blot analyses revealed that the cleaved forms of caspase 3, 8, 9, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) were activated after ferruginol treat- ment in the A549 and CL1-5 cell lines (Figure 4). Based on these results, ferruginol may induce apoptosis via both the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways. Moreover, the expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 was decreased, while the expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax was elevated, after ferruginol treatment in both lung cancer cell lines (Figure 5A). The Bcl-2/Bax ratio is also an important index to assess the regulatory effect of these proteins in the cell death process. As shown in Figure 5B, the Bcl-2/Bax ratios of A549 and CL1-5 cells were decreased in a dose-depen- dent manner after ferruginol treatment. In A549 cells, the Bcl-2/Bax ratios were 1, 0.64, 0.37, and 0.30 for 0, 40, 60, and 80 µM ferruginol treatment groups, respectively. The similar tendency was also found in CL1-5 cells and indi- cated that ferruginol decreased the Bcl-2/Bax ratio as well as induced the mitochondrial dysfunction in lung cancer cell lines. In contrast, the activities of caspase family pro- teins were also regulated by IAP family proteins. Thus, the expression of survivin and XIAP were also determined using western blot analyses. As shown in Figure 5A, the expression of IAP family proteins was decreased after fer- ruginol treatment in A549 and CL1-5 cells. Additionally, the expression of Smac was enhanced after ferruginol treat- ment in 2 cell lines. These results indicated that ferruginol exhibited caspase-dependent mitochondrial apoptotic path- way activation in the 2 cell lines.
Show more

1 Read more

Lapatinib induces autophagic cell death and inhibits growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma

Lapatinib induces autophagic cell death and inhibits growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma

Abstract Lapatinib, an orally administered small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) and Her2/Neu, has been widely accepted in the treatment of breast cancer. In this study, we found that lapatinib induced cytotoxicity in human hepatoma Huh7, HepG2 and HA22T cells. For the mode of cell death, we found lapatinib induced a higher percent of dead cells and a lower percent of hypodiploid cells, suggesting non-apoptotic cell death in lapatinib-treated hepatoma cells.
Show more

1 Read more

The role of Desmocollin-2
  (DSC2) gene in human non-small-cell lung cancer cell

The role of Desmocollin-2 (DSC2) gene in human non-small-cell lung cancer cell

Desmocollin 通常表現在細胞膜上,在細胞膜內經由 plakoglobin 連接中間絲,在細胞膜外的 extracellular anchor 則會和鄰近細胞的 Desmogleins 連結,這個機制使 Desmocollin 對必須承受械性應力的組織產生穩 定的作用,例如心臟、表皮組織(Cheng et al., 2004)。在 Desmocollin-2 knock-down 的斑馬魚模式實驗中也 已經證實 Desmocollin-2 在心臟組織中的功能與重要性(Heuser et al., 2006)。有研究指出 Desmocollin-2a 會 與 connexin43 產生連結(Gehmlich et al., 2011),connexin43 是心室間隙的主要聯接蛋白,與心肌細胞的電 耦合有密切的關聯(Simon et al., 1998)。在許多的研究中發現某些右心室心律不整病患中的 Desmocollin-2 有突變的情形(Christensen et al., 2010)。在心臟組織中 Desmocollin-2b 的表現量遠高於 Desmocollin-2a,而 在右心室心律不整病患中發現 Desmocollin 的突變點 p.A897KfsX4 、p.A897fsX900 (Syrris et al., 2006),
Show more

13 Read more

Pterostilbene inhibits lung squamous cell carcinoma growth in vitro and in vivo by inducing S phase arrest and apoptosis

Pterostilbene inhibits lung squamous cell carcinoma growth in vitro and in vivo by inducing S phase arrest and apoptosis

In the present study, H520 and H226 human SqCC cancer cell lines were treated with different concentrations of pterostil- bene for 24 and 48 h. As illustrated in Fig. 1A, pterostilbene induced cytotoxicity in human SqCC cancer cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. Notably, these two SqCC cell lines exhibited different sensitivities to pterostilbene; the IC50 values of pterostilbene for H520 cells were 47.7±5.3 and 31.4±4.6 µM at 24 and 48 h, respectively, while the IC50 values for H226 cells were >50 and 44.3±3.7 µM at 24 and 48 h, respectively. In addition, the cell morphology and shape were assessed using an inverted microscope; this assessment indicated apoptotic morphological changes, including cell shrinkage and cyto- plasmic blebbing, in the treated cells (Fig. 1B). The results demonstrated that the H520 cell line was highly sensitive to pterostilbene treatment; therefore H520 was selected for the subsequent analysis and evaluation of the cytotoxic potency of pterostilbene.
Show more

10 Read more

HOXA5 inhibits metastasis via regulating cytoskeletal remodelling and associates with prolonged survival in non-small-cell lung carcinoma

HOXA5 inhibits metastasis via regulating cytoskeletal remodelling and associates with prolonged survival in non-small-cell lung carcinoma

Taken together, although the precise roles of HOXA5 in lung cancer progression remain to be elucidated, we showed here that HOXA5 might act as a suppressor of metastasis during lung tumour progression, at least partly through the inhibition of calcium-mediated actin cytoskeleton polymerisation. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms underlying this inhibition require further investigation. Tetracyclin-inducible system for HOXA5 expression in NSCLC cells would be another good approach to clarify the expression levels and roles of these candidate genes in the future studies. In addition, HOXA5 expression is positively correlated with survival in NSCLC patients, especially those with wild-type EGFR. This result suggests that HOXA5 possibly would serve as a prognostic factor in these NSCLC patients. Nevertheless, the correlation and the regulatory mechanisms between EGFR status and HOXA5 are worthy of further investigation.
Show more

34 Read more

Show all 10000 documents...