There are almost non-existent empirical evaluations ofthe contribution of UNGC to CSR strategies and to firm’s performance. This study aims to fill this knowledge gap by analyzing the relationship between UNGC andCSRand to examine the relationship betweenCSRandBusinessPerformance. System Equation Model named GCSR was developed to achieve the objective of this study by using Smart PLS software. 154 samples were obtained from employees working inmultinationalcompanies. The findings indicated that UNGC have a positive significant relationship towards CSR; in which CSR also have a significant positive effect on BusinessPerformance. The dominant factor for UNGC is Environmental principle andthe first priority for CSR is Vision, values and strategy. For Businessperformance, thePerformance from customer perspective has the highest influence. Practical implications and suggestions were also proposed in order to improve the UNGC andCSR.
This study analyzes the Glocalization of Corporate Social Responsibility inthe modern society and how it affects to theBusinessPerformanceof organizations in Spain andTaiwan. In order to empirically analyze these factors, the researcher developed the Glocal CSR model including the United Nations GlobalCompactandthe Local Influences as the main dimensions that influence CSR, and lastly relating CSR with BusinessPerformance. The structural equation model was conducted through a quantitative approach by surveying manufacturing organizations from Spain andTaiwan. The results from both countries support the effects ofthe glocal dimensions on CSR while also demonstrate the influence ofCSR on BusinessPerformancein both countries. Moreover, the research includes T-test analyses comparing on one side Spain andTaiwan, while lastly comparing the self-perception scores obtained from the top managers, middle managers and employees included inthe sample.
To meet this purpose, data was collected from Taiwanand Bosnia & Herzegovina. A TOKSIP structural research framework model was created, and Partial Least Square (PLS) was employed to conduct a comparative analysis ofthe results. After sending out 300 questionnaires, the researchers received 225 usable completed forms, and this brought the response rate to 75%. The empirical results indicated that transformational leadership has a positive and highly significant effect on organizational trust, in which organizational trust has significant effect on customer relationship management, as well as customer relationship management on innovational capabilities. Furthermore, the results showed that innovation capabilities have a significant positive effect on businessperformance. This comparative study contributes a lot to the investigation of transformational leadership similarities and differences betweenTaiwanand Bosnia & Herzegovina. The study ends by providing practical implications and suggestions for future research.
We live inthe era of globalization, an era where a call can be made from Asia and received in Africa at virtually no cost thanks to the internet and advances in telecommunications. An era where markets have merged and have become more aggressive, and where companies, in order to stay competitive, try to hire the most qualified employees from all across the globe. Due to this new trend, companies must provide their employees with conditions that allow them to achieve their full capabilities in order to be more profitable. Nevertheless, this creates issues, since there are so many different options when picking a strategy to obtain innovation and optimal businessperformance, with so many factors that may influence the results. Thus, this study examined and analyzed the effects of organizational trust, knowledge sharing, and knowledge creation on innovation andbusinessperformanceof Taiwanese high technology company employees. A quantitative study was implemented and statistical analysis tested the relationship of said variables. The study used Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) and Partial Least Squares (PLS), as tools to analyze the collected data, this study includes the descriptive statistics, path coefficients, coefficient of determination (R 2 ), bootstrapping, t-value, Composite Reliability results, Cronbach’s Alpha, correlation, average variance extracted (AVE), Standardized Root Mean Square Residual, Fornell-Larcker Criterion and Heterotrait-Monotrait Ratio. The data for this study was collected from employees of high technology companiesinTaiwan. The results of this study showed that there is a strong and positive significant relationship between organizational trust and knowledge sharing, organizational trust and knowledge creation, , knowledge creation and knowledge sharing, knowledge creation and innovation, innovation andbusinessperformance, a weak correlation between organizational trust andbusinessperformanceand finally with regards to knowledge sharing and innovation, the results showed that there was not a significant correlation betweenthe two variables, this was explained because in order to protect their confidentiality, departments don’t usually share their information with others unless strictly required and get their innovation process trough knowledge creation.
Significance ofthe Study
The 2008 global financial crisis completely changed theglobal economic landscape and marked either the survival or the collapse of a great number ofcompanies. Those companies that survived are now turning their attention to factors that will give them a competitive advantage and add value to their products and services. Studies in organizational trust have been undertaken in order to understand how it relates to profits, innovation, successful international businesses, organizational survival and a variety of crucial work perceptions and behaviors. On the other hand, as traditional accounting measures continue to prove inadequate to determine the real value of organizations, researchers developing intellectual capital frameworks in an attempt to classify, understand and finally utilize intellectual capital assets to improve businessperformance. However, little research has been done where the relationship between organizational trust and intellectual capital is studied and then related to businessperformanceand an organization’s survival and competitiveness.
Due to financial turmoil in recent years, causing a series of changes in corporate value, and even more serious collapse, as rescue companies can survive in harsh environments, many companies use treasury stock system to adjust the capital structure, enabling enterprises to reduce costs, do to maximize the financial leverage effect, maintain stock, and improve operational efficiency, this decision will cause a major ownership, capital structure andbusinessperformance chain reaction, which will cause significant impact. This study used time series andthe panal analysis of cross-border high-equity firm implementation ofthe treasury stock system of situation, ownership, capital structure andbusinessperformanceeffect relationship betweenthe study sample data during the set for the treasury stock bill passed the Republic of 89 to 99 years, andthe sample data selected high-equity firm announced the implementation of cross-border treasury shares repurchased for the year next five-year average. Looking from H1, H2 as well as the H3 real diagnosis result, when after implementation storehouse stock, the property rights easy to present the negative influence, when therefore the property rights are higher instead create the company achievements reduction, the capital structure is then lower, the company value is high, finally because ofthe property rights centralism, may cause the capital structure risk to reduce, increases the company value.
In recent years, environmental consciousness has arisen, andthe trend of green enterprise gradually has attracted focus ofthe world.
Enterprises aggressively promote a variety of internal and external green activities via environment-friendly attitude, to exhibit their performanceof promoting and participating inthe perpetual development practice. Therefore, the future global economy will evolve into a perpetual economic form ofthe 21st Century, andthe trend of international green thought will challenge the operation and development of enterprises. However, does the correlation betweenthe implementation of green innovation of enterprises and their environmental performance exist? Does environmental performance affect of operating performanceof enterprises? If both of environmental performanceand operating performance result in positive or negative affection, then does the correlation between green innovation and economic performance exist, affecting operating profit of enterprises? Therefore, this thesis expects to understand the performances of green innovation of Taiwanese enterprises. After referenced with domestic and foreign related literatures, and absorbed practical experiences of enterprises, this study carefully and extensively designs a questionnaire, taking Taiwan listed seven fields companies that were awarded ISO14001 certification at the end of September of 2008, as our empirical study objects. Through questionnaire investigation method together with objective financial analysis information, this study tests the affection of green innovation and environmental performance to operating performance. The following results are obtained via statistical analysis: The significant affection of green innovation adoption to environmental performance indicates that enterprises with higher degree of green innovation adoption have better environmental performance; partial significant affection of
regulatory requirements. Specifically, as suggested by Booth et al. 2 and Macey and O’Hara, 3 the industry confronts a different set of agency costs and may lack adequate corporate governance controls as a result ofthe distinctive nature of its assets and liabilities, the special character of its ownership structure, fewer hostile takeovers, andthe higher degree of financial leverage. Thus, empirical findings from non-financial services industries may not apply to financial service industries, though regulators, executives, investors, and policyholders must understand how corporate governance structure affects insurers’ performance. In response, a special issue on corporate governance and corporate social responsibility inthe Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance 4 shed some new light and provided thought-provoking discussion on this issue. This article aims to extend that research using the corporate governance system ofthe insurance industry inTaiwan, which holds board members fully responsible for bankruptcies and thus offers a unique environment in which to explore regulatory impacts on insurers’ efficiency. In so doing, this research provides a richer understanding of corporate governance structure’s overall role in insurers’
First, literatures stated that trust can help innovation to develop (Hurley & Hult, 1998;
Landry, Amara, and Lamari, 2002; Panayides & Venus Lun, 2009). Although trust doesn’t have any impact on innovation, the results of this study showed that trust has a significant and positive impact on organizational learning, and organizational learning has a significant and positive impact on innovation. Therefore, in this study, it found that trust indeed helped innovation, however, trust didn’t help innovation in a direct way. In fact, trust helped innovation in an indirect way. Within the PLS findings, the trust become the key factor that affects organizational learning, innovation, andbusinessperformance. This implies that the more trust an organization has, it can lead to the higher performanceofthe organization. In other words, this study suggests that organizations should put their resources to the most important factor, which is trust in order to work more effectively and achieve the goals. In terms of trust dimension, concerning the employee has the highest point. This research confirmed the literature findings that trust helped members in organization would leave their traditional comfort zones and accept their new roles and responsibility (Fawcett, Magnan, &
KeyWords Plus: HUMAN-RESOURCE MANAGEMENT; PRODUCTIVITY; IMPACT;
GROWTH; TECHNOLOGY; PREDICTORS; TURNOVER; BEHAVIOR; INDUSTRY;
Abstract: This longitudinal study examined whether HRM effectiveness and dynamic innovation performance increase the level and growth rate of organizational performance. In 2002 we sent questionnaires to the top 1,000 manufacturing companiesinTaiwan, and 181 valid questionnaires were returned. Otherwise, innovation and organizational performancebetween 2002 and 2005 were measured by research intensity and labor productivity. Latent growth curve modeling methodology was used to analyze the panel data over the 4-year period. Our results indicated that there was significant individual variability in terms ofthe intercept and slope factors for research intensity and labor productivity. HRM effectiveness was found to be a significant predictor ofthe intercept and slope factors of labor productivity.
The purpose of this paper is to examine theeffectofTaiwan public trading tourism industry ownership structure, board
characteristics andbusinessperformance from the perspective of corporate governance. In addition, we investigate the monitoring effectof institutional investors shareholding ratio, andthe number of outside directors. The empirical results indicate as follows: first, managerial ownership has nonlinear relationship with businessperformance. While managerial ownership ratio is lower than 5%, managerial ownership is positively related to businessperformanceand supported convergence-of-interest hypothesis. On the other hand, when the managerial ownership ratio is above 5%, managerial ownership is negatively related to businessperformanceand supported entrenchment hypothesis Second, family ownership is positively related to businessperformance. Third, as core agency problem gets worse, business controlling right deviates from cash flow right, business performances would get poorer. Forth, when institutional investor’s shareholding ratio is positive related to businessperformance, it supports efficient monitoring hypothesis.
This study was undertaken to explore the factors aﬀecting the safety performanceof bus companiesinTaiwan. A conceptual framework was developed based on the theory of organi- zational accidents. Environmental and organizational factors were assumed to determine the safety performanceof bus companies. Since the deregulation of intercity passenger transporta- tion in 1995 the bus transportation industry inTaiwan has been restructured, and this provides an opportunity to gain insight into the factors that inﬂuence the safety performanceof bus com- panies. The study results show that the bus companies on joining intercity bus services inTaiwan did experience higher risks of being involved in major injury and minor injury accidents. The study results provide convincing evidence that organizational factors, including driver-speciﬁc, vehicle-speciﬁc and general management factors, have signiﬁcant eﬀects on the safety perfor- mance of bus companies. Therefore, if the economic deregulation was implemented with some safety regulation policies, we might have the opportunity to pursue a better safety performance by the bus transport industry as a whole, rather than just prevent the deterioration ofthe exist- ing safety performance. Furthermore, the limited resources available to monitor the safety per- formance of bus companies are suggested to focus on those companies that run intercity services as well as those companiesof small size, having older ﬂeets, and a higher traﬃc conviction rate.
After presenting previous empirical research, now turn our attention to the case organization. Casa Pellas can be described from the following excerpt; Casa Pellas is a solid, diversified and prestigious, business consortium, with more than one hundred years of existence. Currently Casa Pellas is market leader in sales, of most ofthe products they distribute. Casa Pellas has 15 major lines ofBusiness, is the representative of Toyota, Lexus, Suzuki, Hino, and Yamaha in Nicaragua, they also have rent a car services including, dollar rent a car, thrifty car and Toyota rent a car. Likewise, Casa Pellas has a department of industrial equipment that has the objective to give solutions to the industrial sector of Nicaragua; this department includes equipment for construction as well as different type of heavy equipment that could be utilized in these types of projects. In recent years the group has expanded in different areas by acquiring companies such as Microtec, Alpesa, Capesa and is demonstrating their strategy of integrating innovation in their structure. Casa Pellas has 15 branches in Nicaragua: Plaza Espana, Acahualinca, Altamira, Sucursal Norte, Microtec, Leon, Chinandega, Granada, Rivas, Esteli, Matagalpa, Jinotega, Puerto Cabezas, Bluefields and Taller de Motos. As of January 2014, Casa Pellas comprised was 945 employees, and 83 senior and middle managers at a national level.
A7-5-2 Leadership Course B7-5-2 Leadership Course
A7-5-3 EMBA B7-5-3 Course in University
A7-5-4 Less effective
Almost all thecompaniesin this research ask certain group ofthe employees who accord with the criteria to do the individual development plan. The participants in forming an IDP basically include talents themselves, line manager, and HR. Some interviewees mentioned the talents should be the owner of their development, so they should clarify their needs and desires first. After knowing what they want, regular and frequent discussion with line manager should be implemented in order to know and identify the needs ofcompaniesand talents. Since line manager is the one who knows their talents the deepest, line manager should be responsible for reviewing, assessing and planning talents’ IDP in mutual discussions with talents. One interviewee specially emphasize that the goals andthe needs in IDP must be made very clear or it will be difficult to be implemented. During the planning and implementing process, HR provides all the relevant consultations, methods, and needed information to those line managers and talents. Furthermore, all the FDI companiesin this research mentioned they design the IDP according to 10, 20, 70 principle which means there is almost 70% development occurs in work experience, 20% development occurs in learning from others, and only 10% occurs in typical class room training. The 10, 20, 70 principle relevant ideas will be presented later.
In this paper, 14 financial holding companies subsisting inTaiwan from 2009 to 2011 are selected as samples. The Herfindahl index is used to measure the total level of diversification of these companies. Followed are CCR and BCC models ofthe input-oriented data envelopment analysis (DEA) to measure the operating efficiency of these companies Finally, Tobit regression analysis is also used to estimate operating performance. The empirical results are as follows: 1.We find, in 14 financial holding companiesinTaiwan, only Jih-Sun’s total level of diversification is increasing year by year, but the growth rate is small; The level of
In recent years, enterprises for the measurement of its performance do not only concern about in-role behavior, such as productive force、profit, but also have been the impact of organization citizenship behavior. The study will continue and emphasis on the view of human nature about the theory of interpersonal relation campaign between organizational citizenship behavior and workplace friendship. We hope that will be induced more spontaneous acts, discussion and suggestions for future research are pro-vided. The sample was made up of 286 full-time employees among two or more than two countries which are engaged in commercial activities enterprises. We analyzed the data by using hierarchical regression analysis. The result indicates that the more work-place friendship set up, the more organizational citizenship behavior will be done.
The main purpose of this research is to utilize the way in which the real example is analysed, the difference among theperformance before and after to study the financial holding company it is amalgamated, this research regards finance holding companiesof 14 of now as samples, it is that 13 carry on research that the effective sample is counted , the source ofthe materials is taken from financial office websites ofthe Ministry of Finance and every large financial website of holding company, disclosed the monitoring station of information and new newspaper database ofTaiwan economy. Study tools and rely mainly on the fact that SPSS counts the
1 Dept of Civil Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, No 415, Chien-Kung Rd., Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Dept of Arts and Crafts, Tung Fang Institute of Technology, No 110, Tung-Fang Rd., Kaohsiung County, Taiwan. E-mail: email@example.com