Top PDF Examining the Effects of User Participation on Information

Examining the Effects of User Participation on Information

Examining the Effects of User Participation on Information

chwu@nuk.edu.tw Abstract The development of information system has become a strategic part of organizational planning and operation. The importance of information system development requires the involvement of all personnel from different levels in an organization. In subsequence, the current research investigates the effects of user participation on the development of information system and job satisfaction. A path analysis model was established to examine the interrelations among the defined variables. Research results indicate that (1) during the development of information system, the more the user participation, the higher the quality of system; (2) the higher the quality of a system, the higher the quality of information; (3) the higher the quality of a system, the higher the satisfaction on an information system; (4) the higher the information quality, the higher the satisfaction on an information system; (5) the higher the quality of information, the higher the job satisfaction, and (6) the higher the satisfaction on an information system, the higher the job satisfaction. Discussions and implications were provided in this research also.
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Examining the effect of information disclosure on website stickiness: The cognitive information perspective

Examining the effect of information disclosure on website stickiness: The cognitive information perspective

The empirical contribution of this study is to help businesses understand the effects on online consumer behavior, i.e. stickiness and e-WOM, by building consumers’ cognition, i.e. information scent and message framing. This finding is particularly applicable to start-ups in emerging industries such as the online game industry so as to help develop consumers’ stickiness and e-WOM. For start-ups in emerging industries, there are not enough loyal customers to create e-WOM to gradually produce long-term marketing effects. The life cycle of on-line game products is quite short term - namely, it is not easy to form e-WOM through long-term cognition (Hwang and Jeong, 2016). Therefore, based on the findings of this study, start-up companies can use endorsement disclosure and sponsorship disclosure to create e-WOM. This result is similar to that of Hwang and Jeong (2016). Emerging businesses can employ information disclosure so that consumers will be able to recognize their own needs and stimulate themselves to feel the necessary to actions.
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Examining the effects of learning motivation and of course design in an instructional simulation game

Examining the effects of learning motivation and of course design in an instructional simulation game

The SIMPLE game constitutes a flexible platform currently available to the public for free; hence, we believe that this website can serve as a starting point from which researchers and educators can adopt for the purposes of research and teaching in decision-science knowledge and strategies. Also, the website can be a great idea- exchanging channel where users can find different solutions to problems concerning production, logistics and SCM. Currently, the SIMPLE game has a Chinese-language mode and an English-language mode; in the future, universities in various cultures and in various nations could use the game so that researchers could more rigorously analyse the differences that arise in these multi-cultural contexts. In addition, the SIMPLE game has a database that retains information about themes such as players’ online-connection times, players’ weekly purchases and players’ weekly inventory; therefore, in the future, researchers can further analyse students’ decision-making behaviours and the relation- ships between students who use the game in the class and students who use the game outside of class.
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The Relationship between Design Thinking Potential and Practiced Design Thinking: Examining the Moderating Effects of Workplace Context

The Relationship between Design Thinking Potential and Practiced Design Thinking: Examining the Moderating Effects of Workplace Context

There are so many challenges faced by businesses today that innovative designs or ideas are needed for survival (Brown, 2008). In an economy where companies cannot rely solely on technological breakthroughs or products that can be easily copied, innovation is of the utmost importance to managers. Additionally, the scale of innovation has become increasingly complex; products, services, user needs and technologies need to be integrated. Governments and businesses are pursuing creativity to help them develop innovative solutions that consumer‘s desire. This is not easy because consumers are now much savvier with a plethora of information at their fingertips. Companies are searching for ways to gain a sustainable competitive advantage in the hope of protecting or improving their market positions (Kotler &
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The Vertical Information Transfer Effects of Earnings Restatements along the Supply Chain

The Vertical Information Transfer Effects of Earnings Restatements along the Supply Chain

Abstract This dissertation extends prior research on earnings restatements by examining the effects of earnings restatements on valuation and investment decisions of restating firms’ suppliers. First, this paper hypothesizes and finds that earnings restatements that adversely affect stock price of the restating firms also induce their suppliers’ stock price declines. These stock price declines are related to changes in analysts’ earnings forecasts and seem to reflect investors’ financial reporting quality concerns. Second, I hypothesize that earnings restatements contain information about the value of relationship-specific investments by suppliers. This information causes suppliers to revise their belief about the value of relationship-specific investments, and therefore affects their subsequent relationship-specific investment decisions. Consistent with my prediction, I find that changes in suppliers’ relationship-specific investments after restatement announcements are related to information in the restatements. Finally, I predict and find that a restating firm misreporting financial results induces its suppliers to make excess investments during the misreporting period, while excess investment is no longer positive after the restatement announcement.
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It is more than knowledge seeking: examining the effects of OpenCourseWare lectures on vocabulary acquisition in English as a foreign language (EFL) context

It is more than knowledge seeking: examining the effects of OpenCourseWare lectures on vocabulary acquisition in English as a foreign language (EFL) context

relationship between word acquisition and the number of times a word occurs. As noted by Greene (1992), ‘‘all other things being equal, our memory for information will depend on the number of times that we have encountered or studied it’’ (p. 132). This makes sense since the increase of a word’s occurrence in the input is also the increase of opportunities for the word to be noticed and activated. Nonetheless, frequency of occurrence was found to be the least influential factor for vocabulary acquisition, accounting only for 5% of variance. One possible explanation might be that unlike reading activities during which one can stop and process an unfamiliar word each time it occurs, when involved in a listening activity, learners have less control over the sequence and representation of input. During listening, unknown words can be easily left unnoticed while other information keeps adding to the listener’s short-term memory simultaneously. Thus, during listening activities, the repetition of vocabulary did not lead to an increase of attention that learners pay to the words.
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Controlling information flow in online information seeking: The moderating effects of utilitarian and hedonic consumers

Controlling information flow in online information seeking: The moderating effects of utilitarian and hedonic consumers

3.5. Procedure Participants were invited to our behavioral science lab to partic- ipate in the experiment. They were first instructed how to perform the task of the experiment, after which they signed a consent form if they agreed to participate. Those who agreed to participate were randomly assigned to one of the four conditions, as described in Section 3.1. They were then directed to read the scenario of the shopping purpose and to browse the product information of the four products on the assigned website. After they viewed the infor- mation on each of the four products, they were asked to answer questions regarding their evaluations of involvement, satisfaction with websites, and attitudes toward products. Afterward, the par- ticipants answered questions regarding their perceptions of infor- mation control on the assigned website and their evaluations of their purposefulness when collecting product information from the websites. Finally, they answered questions about their demo- graphic information. Each participant spent 40 min on average to complete the entire experiment and received NT$150 as an incen- tive for participation.
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Strategic foresight using a modified Delphi with end-user participation: A case study of the iPad's impact on Taiwan's PC ecosystem

Strategic foresight using a modified Delphi with end-user participation: A case study of the iPad's impact on Taiwan's PC ecosystem

5.2. Discussion During this foresight project, we have come to three observations on the proposed method as follows: 5.2.1. Strength of the modi fied Delphi with EUP This modified Delphi could reduce the possibility of personal subjectivity bias restraining strategic foresight. We published all the project titles proposed by the competing teams on the Internet to stimulate reference effects among the participants. This encouraged the participants to be ambitious and win the championship using their creativity, instead of being misled by others' opinions. We believe that the modified Delphi used in this study increases the diversity of strategic foresight opinions, dramatically simplifies the research process, and reduces the research time. During the final stage of contest, the experts discussed, scored, and made final conclusions with the six teams. During this process, the experts directly communicated with each other and explored their opinions. When the experts heard opinions from other experts, they could strengthen or adjust their opinions. This study also appointed one expert to be the convener. The convener clarified and compiled the expert opinions and conducted panel discussions regarding the strategic foresight projects proposed by the contest teams.
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Exploring the Effects of Information Sharing on Organizational Dependence

Exploring the Effects of Information Sharing on Organizational Dependence

Information sharing has been widely studied in many inter-organizational relationship issues and has been regarded as a vital element in strengthening inter-organizational cooperation. However, most evidence of information sharing benefits in a business-to-business context is focused on reducing the uncertainties in the supply chain, especially from t he buye r s ’ pe r s pe c t i ve t o i nve s t i gat e how t o e mpl oy information sharing to coordinate their suppliers. There are seldom studies which have focused on whether suppliers can employ information sharing to increase buyer dependence. This study attempts to employ empirical methods to understand the effects of information sharing on buyer dependence. The research results will provide valuable information to support manage r ’ s de c i s i on of a dopt i ng i nf ormation sharing policies on their customer relations maintenance programs.
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Examining Participation Willingness of Internet Community Using Structure Equation Model

Examining Participation Willingness of Internet Community Using Structure Equation Model

Rapid growth in the number of Virtual Internet Communities (VIC) over the Web cyberspace has brought together Internet users who have common interests, want to circulate and s[r]

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Examining the Effects of Tourism Impacts on Resident Quality of Life : Evidence from Rural Midwestern Communities in USA

Examining the Effects of Tourism Impacts on Resident Quality of Life : Evidence from Rural Midwestern Communities in USA

Traditional attractions include lakes, a ski slope, shopping, a resort and an array of museums. New tourism development includes a refurbished upscale resort, four-star and other lodging, a casino, golf courses, and an indoor/outdoor water park. The newly developed attractions and amenities begin opening in the fall of 2006. Evidence suggests that recent tourism development has provided economic growth to Orange County. Official statistics (STATIndiana, 2009) indicates that Orange County’s average earning per job for the accommodations and food service sector ranks #1 in state. This sector experienced dramatic job growth as the number of workers increased from 950 to 2044 and the average earning per job increased 25% during 2006 and 2007.
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Examining the Effects of Dual-level Transformational Leadership, LMX, and Group Cohesiveness on Employee Service Performance

Examining the Effects of Dual-level Transformational Leadership, LMX, and Group Cohesiveness on Employee Service Performance

Abstract: ln this study, we propose a multi-level theoretical 企amework within which we identi命 transformational leadership at dual levels as the primary source of the [r]

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The indirect effects of online social entertainment and information seeking activities on reading literacy

The indirect effects of online social entertainment and information seeking activities on reading literacy

and school. When engaged in information seeking activities, students set a goal regarding the target information, they may consciously or unconsciously monitor the paths of their searches, evaluate the relevance of the information found, integrate that information, and predict and decide what to click next. The active self-regulatory and evaluative processes foster positive perceived usefulness of their metacognitive strategies. But why will this process lead to the increase of knowledge of metacognitive strategies? The possible reason may be because the more students are engaged in information-seeking activities, the more they will be aware of the metacognitive strategies that are useful to construct a self-directed intertext on the Internet ef ficiently and effectively. Students may then re-apply those useful strategies whenever they perform information-seeking activities online. By so doing, students ’ knowledge of metacognitive strategies may become better, which in turn further enhance their reading literacy. In contrast, when engaged in social entertainment activities, students usually “wander” about on the web or browse social networking sites without a speci fic purpose, or perhaps simply to pass time. The necessity in knowledge of metacognitive strategies might be reduced when students are engaged in unstructured social entertainment activities.
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Product Knowledge and Product Involvement as Moderators of the Effects of Information on Purchase Decisions: A Case Study Using the Perfect Information Frontier Approach

Product Knowledge and Product Involvement as Moderators of the Effects of Information on Purchase Decisions: A Case Study Using the Perfect Information Frontier Approach

be the kind of product that consumers would have a high degree of variance in their prior knowledge; and (5) be the kind of product that consumers would have a high degree of variance in their involvement. A survey of recent issues of Consumer Reports yielded 14 products that potentially could fit the first two criteria for the study, namely: ice cream, hot dogs, ground coffee, orange juice, fast food, jeans, running shoes, perfume, tennis racquets, bicycles, loudspeakers, cameras, compact disc players, and cars. After conducting a questionnaire survey with 12 professors and graduate students in the area of
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The Effects of Knowledge Management Strategies on Innovation and Business Performance in Information Technology Industry

The Effects of Knowledge Management Strategies on Innovation and Business Performance in Information Technology Industry

For the last century, the world has swiftly moves from its industrial economic base, which mostly depends on tangible assets, toward a knowledge base which is tied to the capability of developing and managing knowledge resources. The knowledge economy is built on continuous dynamic value creation, and profits are increasingly coming from knowledge creation, integration, and system-solutions instead of from tangible assets. This change is uprising globally due to the increase of travellers, expenditures, immigration, and communication technologies, making the world more connected and interdependent. Globalisation has facilitated the exchange of goods, services, labour, information, and most importantly, the share of unique ideas and knowledge. Beside all the mutual gains brought by globalisation, competitiveness is accordingly increasing. Short product’s life cycles and a rapid change rate in customers’ needs and preferences are considered typical features as well as challenges of the current industrial paradigm.
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Exploring the Effects of Information Processing Perceptions on Consumers\' Website Advice Continuance Intention

Exploring the Effects of Information Processing Perceptions on Consumers\' Website Advice Continuance Intention

Our findings have several implications for Webstore executives. First, according to these results, Webstores that target women as core consumers, such as those selling cosmetics or high-heeled shoes, should realize that women value trust more than perceived fit when developing their trust towards the Webstore advice service. Consequently, the best strategy to communicate with these core consumers is through building their trust. In contrast, Webstores selling computer or hardware products that may attract men more than women should position their advertising strategies via the perspective of perceived fit rather than trust. Still, whether for men or women, since consumers’ disconfirmation dominates their cognitive perceptions, which eventually affect their continuance intention towards Webstore advice services, offering consumers accurate expectations of these services is very important. As different consumers may have dissimilar demands, and these demands may lead to different expectations, the goal of the consumer communication should be to develop accurate expectations towards this service. By avoiding over-stated phrases and using precise descriptions to introduce such services to consumers, their ultimate disconfirmation will not be reduced due to exaggerated expectations created in the initial process.
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Effects of depressive disorder on false memory for emotional information

Effects of depressive disorder on false memory for emotional information

Background: This study explored with a false memory paradigm whether (1) depressed patients revealed more false memories and (2) whether more negative false than positive false recognition existed in subjects with depressive disorders. Methods: Thirty-two patients suffering from a major depressive episode (DSM-IV criteria), and 30 age- and education-matched normal control subjects participated in this study. After the presentation of a list of positive, negative, and neutral association items in the learning phase, subjects were asked to give a yes/no response in the recognition phase. They were also asked to rate 81 recognition items with emotional valence scores. Results: The results revealed more negative false memories in the clinical depression group than in the normal control group; however, we did not find more negative false memories than positive ones in patients. When compared with the normal group, a more conservative response criterion for positive items was evident in patient groups.
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Key User Roles on Web-based Information Systems Requirements

Key User Roles on Web-based Information Systems Requirements

Key user roles on web-based information systems requirements Heng-Li Yang; Jih-Hsin Tang Industrial Management + Data Systems; 2005; 105, 5/6; ABI/INFORM Global pg.. Reproduced with perm[r]

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Examining the Effect of Efficient Construction Material on the Space Cooling Load in India

Examining the Effect of Efficient Construction Material on the Space Cooling Load in India

and supply sectors. Meeting and sustaining a projected 8-9% growth rate of the economy requires India’s energy production to also grow at a rapid pace. While changing the supply mix of energy sources towards cleaner sources like nuclear and renewable energy is one way to go, exploiting the large scope of promoting energy efficiency in the energy demand sectors is also an effective solution. According to the India Energy Security Scenarios (IESS), 2047 (www.indiaenergy.gov.in), an energy scenario building tool developed by the Government of India, which enables the user to witness the energy security, land, greenhouse gas emissions and cost implications of his chosen pathway for the energy demand and supply sectors of the economy till the year 2047, if choices are made on the demand side to promote energy efficiency, India would be able to reduce its energy demand till 2047 by 34% as compared to a scenario wherein current policies and processes continue without any changes or drastic technological improvement. This would translate to a reduction in India’s total import dependence from 57% to 38% in 2047 and an aggregate cost savings of about 300 Trillion INR.
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Discovery of a User Interests on the Internet

Discovery of a User Interests on the Internet

No.800 Dong Chuan Rd. Shanghai 200240, P.R. China † fli@sjtu.edu.cn Abstract This paper proposes a system for finding a user’s inter- ests on the Internet. It is based on his browsing behaviors and the contents of his visited pages. The system has two features. One is building user’s browsing interests implic- itly, multiple keyword vectors, one per interest. The other is that it can generate interests by selecting different time periods. Dynamical generation can adapt to the change of user interests. Experiments show that most of generated in- terests are matched to user’s real interests. The system finds their interests automatically and dynamically.
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