Top PDF The Issue of the Past in Zen and Modernity

The Issue of the Past in Zen and Modernity

The Issue of the Past in Zen and Modernity

Key Words: Zen , Modernity , Obsession , Subject , Hist。可, Past , Ka nt , Foucaul t, Buddha-.. hood , Reason.[r]

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Reconfiguring the Past

Reconfiguring the Past

is through this flâneuristic strolling that they come to terms with the hidden parts of their selves. Having suffered the racial discrimination of the police and witnessed street violence in Brickhall, Saladin is able to accept his Indian past and realizes that the Indianness in him can never be eradicated even if he achieves class ascendancy. For Karim, in marching towards London and exploring its social life, he gradually accepts his Indian cultural inheritance. Near the end of his Bildung, Karim chooses to embrace London and its cultural products—mainly the pop culture of the 1970s, which, with its resistance to “straight” criterion, facilitates a synthesis of diverse cultural elements and globalization. More importantly, this appropriation of global cultural products significantly paves the way for a more inventive, resourceful intervention into the issue of race, ethnicity, age, and gender, thereby complicating the rigid binary logic of anti-racist discourse. The past, or more precisely, Karim’s parents’ past, becomes the enigma explored, detected, and reflected upon by the son. Finally, he comes to negotiate with these pasts, knowing that even though such memories of the past are destined to leave an ineradicable, disconcerting imprint on him, he is still able to withstand their impact and the subsequent challenges with a firmer determination, a determination to recognize different parts of him and to carve out a career of his own.
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Black Urban Modernity of the Harlem Renaissance: A Dialectical Negotiation between Urban Individuality and Community in Toni Morrison’s Jazz

Black Urban Modernity of the Harlem Renaissance: A Dialectical Negotiation between Urban Individuality and Community in Toni Morrison’s Jazz

apartment. However, it is noteworthy that Morrison does not encourage self-indulgent nostalgia for the lost personal or racial past and history; nor is she likely to promote a secluded and exclusive black community away from the white people. She pays great attention to the historical and cultural predicaments of being a racial minority in the white supremacist society, uncovering the development of communal affiliation within the urban milieu which may empower an individual migrant black both emotionally and economically. Her dialectical portrayals of the urban experiences of the ordinary blacks of Harlem in the 1920s stems from her own familiarity with the unspoken and unspeakable life stories submerged within the grand history of the Harlem Renaissance. Violet and Joe develop their peculiar urban individuality with its elements of anonymity, alienation and blasé attitude in their everyday interactions with other people, which are mostly mediated through monetary dealings. However, they also gradually suffer the distinctive urban loneliness, which is exacerbated by their traumatic maternal loss. At the same time, they also grow detached from the black communities both in the South and the City. But, as the novel discloses, they eventually not only recognize and confront the sources of their psychological problems, but are also consoled by building affectionate relationships with Alice and Felice, which may promise the possibility of further communal association with other migrant African-Americans in diverse black communities in the City.
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Thank You Note for the Emeritus Editor-in-Chief, Edwin L. Cooper  Honoring the Past and Imaging for the Future

Thank You Note for the Emeritus Editor-in-Chief, Edwin L. Cooper Honoring the Past and Imaging for the Future

management or safety will be assembled and debated in respective special issues. As noted by Winston W. Shen in the preface of this special issue on clinical psychiatry, 1 Ken N. Kuo and Gerald F. Harris edited the first special (October 2011) issue on human motor analysis, 2 and Yuan-Soon Ho and Chih-Hsiung Wu edited the second special (December 2011) issue on oncology. 3 Additional special issues will be assembled to discuss current issues on clinical pharmacy, fron- tiers in sex hormone research, biomedical devices, and evidence- based medicine in the near future. Finally, Edwin L. Cooper promises to edit a special issue on evolutionary medicine in 2013 for the JECM that he helped to create in December 2008. Hopefully, he will continue to support the growth of JECM in its bid to enter the biomedical science literature database of Medline by 2013.
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Learning from the past and present: measuring internet banking service quality

Learning from the past and present: measuring internet banking service quality

Abstract Internet has played a pivotal role in transforming banking services into e-services. While several studies have examined the effective measurement of e-banking service quality, their lack of a holistic view has hindered accumulation of past knowledge. To address this issue, this study first reviews and summarizes the methodology, service quality dimensions, suggestions and limitations of seven e-banking service quality studies conducted in seven countries. An empirical study is then conducted to derive a first robust and comprehensive measure of e-banking service quality in a Taiwanese context by compensating three shortcomings of a prior Taiwanese study. To improve understanding of e-banking service quality, a comprehensive scheme is proposed that has managerial implications. The primary contribution of this study is to present a holistic view of e-service quality for e-banking with embedded cultural factor and to provide a rigorous measurement scale development procedure applicable to areas other than e-banking.
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Critique of the methodology of empirical research on individual modernity in Taiwan

Critique of the methodology of empirical research on individual modernity in Taiwan

3. Sensitivity to shame. 5 Jun zi (true gentleman) verses xiao ren (small-minded people). The deep structure of Confucianism is a microworld constructed by social scientists. It is not exactly the same as the collective patterns of behavior observed in the lifeworld of a particular cultural group. Nevertheless, this type of system view of culture enables researchers to understand the findings of psychological research in terms of a theoretical framework. As Yang (1993) indicated, some components of traditional culture may change under the impact of Western culture, but some core values of a given culture may be robust and resistant to change. With such a theoretical framework, researchers may adopt a dynamic view of culture (Kitayama, 2002) that enables prediction of which parts of a traditional culture are very functional and enduring, and which parts are ready to change. For example, in an article entitled ‘Familism and development’, C. F. Yang (1988) reviewed a series of studies on the family conducted in Taiwan, Hong Kong and China. She examined four aspects of family change: the father/son axis, hierarchical power structure, mutual dependence, and dominance of family interaction. Her results indicated that although the content of Chinese familism has changed, cultural ideas about family are resistant to change. After completing higher education, younger generations are able to find jobs outside of their families and have their own income. As a consequence, parents’s power to make decisions about their children’s mate selection and money expenditure has decreased, and the father/son axis emphasizing submission to authority has weakened. In addition, the separation of residence for younger generations as they reach adulthood, has increased employment opportunities for females, and legal protection of women’s rights have all weakened the hierarchical relationship between men and women. The separation of family members’ residences may decrease the opportunity for personal interaction; however, the likelihood of interpersonal conflict is also reduced.
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to the glorious past is melting and anything referred to as the promising new in the

to the glorious past is melting and anything referred to as the promising new in the

would end up with the thinking, “My life’s messed up because I happened along at a certain time in Japanese history,” as Ishiguro tells Shaffer (“An Interview” 11). He also wants a certain “poignancy” to emerge from Ono’s sense that: A man’s life is only so long, while the life of a nation is much longer; that Japan as a nation could actually learn from its mistakes and try again even if Ono couldn’t. Ono is looking at this younger generation of people coming up. Perhaps they have the same sense of patriotism or idealism that he had, but they live in different times and they may well have a better chance of creating something worthwhile. Ono has got to accept that a man’s life is much too short to have a second chance. He had a go; it’s too late for him to have another. But he takes comfort in the fact that a nation’s life isn’t like a man’s life. A new generation comes along; Japan can try again.
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The Role of Vocabulary in English Language Teaching (ELT): The Past, Present, and Challenges Ahead

The Role of Vocabulary in English Language Teaching (ELT): The Past, Present, and Challenges Ahead

Nattinger and DeCarrico (1992), emphasizing more on the socio-pragmatic function of lexical phrases, also noticed both L1 and L2 learners made extensive use of prefabricated chunks of speech. Scholars of this group suggested that second language instruction should concentrate on lexical stems/phrases. In fact, their observations were soon embraced by pedagogists with methodological concerns. Lewis (1993, 1997, & 2000) brought in the lexical approach which peaks the status of lexis. In the lexical approach, ‘plentiful exposure’ and ‘consciousness-raising’ of lexis lie in the center of every classroom activity. Language teaching foregrounds vocabulary in the forms of single words, most frequent words, and word combinations (i.e.,
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Paleoseismology of the Chelungpu Fault during the past 1900 years

Paleoseismology of the Chelungpu Fault during the past 1900 years

First, the slip may have become slower for the past 1900 years, or since the outset of the collision. Secondly, it may be due to a dimension problem. In other wards, we cannot escape from the possibility that the dimension where we made the measurements is actually contained in a larger dimension as a trishear zone. Thirdly, the smaller uplifting rate is simply due to the fact that our excavation area is too small to include all fault slips. Several fault traces actually occurredin a wider area that are several tens to hundred meters far away from the main fault during an individual earthquake, such as we have noticedat the Wanfung andMingjian sites (Chen et al., 2001a, b). Well logs in the vicinity of the present excavation also show several fault zones separatedat intervals of several tens meters depth underneath the surface, displaying the sequence of the Pliocene basement overthrusting on the gravel deposits as imbricate faults. In some places, the 1999 ruptures also have double ground fault traces (CGS, 1999) as a series of imbricate splay faults at the fault front. For this reason, we may consider the possibility that both trenches in this study may be insufficient in width and depth to expose all coseismic faults for the past 1900 years. If it is the case, then the estimateduplifting andslip rate in this paper is too small, andthe average recurrence interval time is too long.
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over the issue of the death penalty in their civics class

over the issue of the death penalty in their civics class

Elephants have special teeth called tusks. They use tusks to carry things, dig for roots and water, fight enemies and impress other elephants. Unfortunately, 24 those amazing tusks that put elephants’ lives at risk. The desire for tusk ivory is the reason so many elephants 25 . From the days of ancient Egypt and Rome, elephant tusk ivory has been a precious commodity. More recently, it’s been used 26 piano keys and decorative ornaments. In order to get the ivory, elephants are killed and their tusks are sawed off. In 1979, there were an estimated 1.3 million elephants in Africa. By 2007 that number 27 to between 472,000 and 690,000. Today, in many parts of the world, ivory or “white gold” remains a 28 of wealth and status, especially in Asia. With the spending power of a growing middle class in countries such as China, the demand for illegal ivory is 29 .
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Review of the Researches on Debris Flows  in Taiwan during Past Thirty Years

Review of the Researches on Debris Flows in Taiwan during Past Thirty Years

I. I NTRODUCTION Debris flow is a flow composed of mud, clay, sand, gravels, water, air and so forth, flowing down mainly due to its gravitational force. Natural disasters caused by debris flows often occur all over the world recently and there are many natural or manmade factors leading to these tremendous accidents [1-2]. Development of prevention techniques is obviously based on the understanding and analysis of the mechanical behavior of debris flow [3].

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In the past, it was as close world

In the past, it was as close world

Discrimination It is the best generation, and it is the worst generation as well. In the past, it was as close world. Most people couldn’t reveal their own thoughts to the public. They couldn’t have their own minds. They just followed the government and the lessons from history. They didn’t want to renew their minds and concepts. Until 21th century, we can’t have the rights to express ourselves’ opinions. But there are more and more problems showing up. The most serious one of them is discrimination.
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The 17th century fortress of Quelang: past, present and future

The 17th century fortress of Quelang: past, present and future

以及其形制所隱含的中性化美感,而此形制與美感更能與西方 20 年代的「流線摩登」(Streamlined Moderne)交相呼應。 在此就讓我們來看看當時西方同樣標榜一截穿衣、標榜女生 男相的 20 年代。前面所提及S型女裝的世紀過渡與直線型女裝 的出現,已徹底改變了西方傳統上下身分離、前凸(或平)後翹 的人工輪廓線造型,開始強調「身體形式的視覺整體感」(a visual unity of bodily form)(Wilson 127),身體線條意識由橫向的誇 張,轉變為直向的強調,由人工的僵硬,轉變為「自然」的流暢。
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ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES DURING THE LATE QUATERNARY IN TAIWAN AND ADJACENT SEAS: AN OVERVIEW OF RECENT RESULTS OF THE PAST DECADE (1990-2000)

ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES DURING THE LATE QUATERNARY IN TAIWAN AND ADJACENT SEAS: AN OVERVIEW OF RECENT RESULTS OF THE PAST DECADE (1990-2000)

Wei : Environmental Changes during the Late Quaternary in Taiwan 157 SYNOPSIS Long -term hydrographic conditions in the South China Sea have been modulated by orbital forcing and show strong periodicity of 100, 41 and 23 kyrs. Situated in the western margin of the West Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP), the South China Sea was not stable at all during most of the late Quaternary. The sea-surface temperatures fluctuated by ~4 o C between glacial and interglacial while salinity may also show large variation as the South China Sea was semi-closed during most of the time. During the last glacial, it is clear that the winter monsoons were stronger while summer monsoons were weaker than today's. Biological productivity was higher, so was the accumulation of carbonate on the sea floor and the influx of terrestrial sediments. The transition between the last glacial and the Holocene took place between 18 and 10 ka with a short-lived Younger Drays-like cold reversal event around ~11 ka. The SSTs of the northern South China Sea rose by 3 o -4 o C from glacial to interglacial. The temperature rise during the last deglaciation in the foothill region of western central Taiwan was about 5 o C.
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intention to pursue a fixed and singular root in the past. This hypothesis can be

intention to pursue a fixed and singular root in the past. This hypothesis can be

The primary function of teeth—feeding and eating—is read as the starting point for contemplating the reciprocal interaction of ethnic groups’ identities in the diasporic food culture, which can reveal the haphazard nature of history. Hillson’s archeological survey of teeth may be quite helpful for understanding the feeding function of food. He maintains that among the multiple specialized purposes of dentition, feeding is primary (13). It is the everyday life ingredient of human beings. Nevertheless, however common it is, culinary culture remains the most complicated phenomenon given that it involves not only human instinct but also the interpretation of identity. The following commentators, for example, suggest the reciprocal negotiation of cultural factors in culinary culture. Therefore, it is difficult to discover a “pure” and “homogeneous” element in any particular ethnic culinary food culture. In other words, it is an illusion to trace one’s identity and its correlation with diasporic food culture in “his/her” culinary culture.
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Enhancing issue management in the shipbuilding lifecycle

Enhancing issue management in the shipbuilding lifecycle

Additionally, the simulation tools in PLM may be used to analyze some of the issues and help implement the changes quickly and in a cost-effective manner. A PLM platform like Teamcenter provides the environment to manage all of the information related to a product, including customer priorities, requirements, design specifications and manufacturing plans. The Teamcenter Issue Management and CAPA solution provides closed-loop issue resolution for the formal process of corrective and preventive action activi- ties. By leveraging Teamcenter’s sophisticated trace links and change management, users can participate in the problem definition and resolution process. Teamcenter captures the knowledge from these users and automatically conveys information about the issue, the resolution of the issue and affected deliverables.
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…you can explain the past only by what is most  powerful in the present.

…you can explain the past only by what is most powerful in the present.

The post-independent new ruling class mimics their former colonizers’ slogans and big words to discipline or fascinate their subjects. It has given rise to a “new kind of fascism.” It is “such a good advertising and public relations stunt” that blinds us to tribalism, materialism and social class. Armah expresses his anxiety in postcolonial political mimicry: “There are something so terrible in watching a black man trying at all points to be the dark ghost of a European…they had spent their lives struggling to imitate, talking of constitutions and offering us unseen ghost words and paper held holy by Europeans” (81). Like Big Man., those leaders do not educate their people from the very foundation; on the contrary, they simply “borrowed words they themselves had not finished understanding” (Armah 82). Naipaul also ridicules the ignorant and empty formalistic officialese and their extravagant use. In Zaire nder the reign of the Big Man, “Monsieur and madame and boy had been officially outlawed; the President had decreed them all to be citoyens and citoyennes. 11 He used the two words together in his speeches, again and again, like musical phrases”
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In the past, many program animation systems were designed for rendering

In the past, many program animation systems were designed for rendering

In the past, many program animation systems were designed for rendering specific algorithms and data structures. Although few program animation systems were designed for general purpose, users must animate programs with extra effort. In this thesis, we describe a debugger YaJDB to provide necessary support for

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Medicine has encountered dramatic social changes in the past few decades.

Medicine has encountered dramatic social changes in the past few decades.

Medicine has encountered dramatic social changes in the past few decades. Major issues such as the transformation of medical practice from individuals to institutions, the expeditious progress of technology, the formation of global multicultural society and the rise of self-awareness of the right to know have resulted in serious ethical dilemmas. These multidimensional ethical conflicts reflect the fact that we adopted different approaches while we dealt with them. Nevertheless, the fundamental of medicine remains the same and the core nature of ethics is untouched. Therefore, we need to take a new look at how these changing issues affect our perspective of medical ethics.
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Long-term outcomes of living kidney donors over the past 28 years in a single center in Taiwan

Long-term outcomes of living kidney donors over the past 28 years in a single center in Taiwan

ABSTRACT Background. The chronic shortage of kidneys for transplantation has increased the number of living donations, but demand remains high, which has created a long waiting list of end-stage kidney disease patients. Donors with decreased renal mass may suffer a higher risk of developing proteinuria, hypertension (HTN), and chronic renal disease (CKD) during long-term follow-up.

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