5 Conclusions and Suggestions
This study discovered the background factors oftechnologyuniversitiesstudents, such as: gender, educational system, department, using technology, social relationship, family relationship and awareness ofhealth; besides the age, revealing the significant differences on scale contents ofknowledgesharingofhealthtechnology. Then the model ofknowledgesharing structure ofhealthtechnologyfor university students had a good suitably fit through structural equation modeling (SEM). The hypotheses derived from literature review were proved just as TPB had conform. It meant that the sharing attitude had a positive correlation toward behavioral intention;
The models ofstudents’ knowledgesharingofhealthtechnology were tested with good fit through structural equation modeling (SEM).
Since the path correlation of model was based on TPB, the following hypotheses concerning the students’ knowledgesharing behavior were supported: sharing attitude toward sharing intention, behavioral norm toward sharing intention, behavioral control toward sharing intention, sharing intention toward sharing behavior, and behavioral control toward sharing behavior, which all had positive effects. Finally, conclusions and suggestions were proposed for all forms of teaching, such as embedded teaching inhealth technological literacy, the methods of research and statistics, the policy of promoting students to the holistic health, and further research including a bridge building between the technological and professional colleges and industries for teachers and practitioners, then constructing a significant wireless connectivity ofknowledgesharing with hardware and software of mobile learning inhealthtechnology should be considered.
The researcher taught the related subjects oftechnology literacy in professional and vocational colleges, and understood the
knowledgesharing and learning condition ofstudents with the research interest inhealthtechnology, and then contributed with humble efforts to the general teaching. Owing to general subjects of liberal education, most of the traditional teaching methods could hardly arouse student's interest. The researcher developed a model about knowledgesharing and learning ofhealthtechnology, which was an embedded teaching which could motivate students to learn healthtechnology. Through the teaching process used by factors of interaction teaching, imagination, experience, scenario, attitude, curricular design, and pilot knowledge and what not, we let the students know how to handle well technology, cultivate the technology literacy, and promote a whole person's health. For challenging the job competition and taking preventive measures and forsaking a traditional burden, we displayed the effectiveness of powerful teaching to let the students be able to respond to future needs. Because this kind of research still belonged to an embryonic stage, and the researcher often paid more attention to healthy technology education in recent years and had a chance to participate in the teaching planning of liberal education curriculum, such as "medical caring", "health promotion", which took healthy concern as a focal subject of liberal education. Therefore the researcher kept often in mind a principle ofhealthtechnology, and carried out the embedded teaching ofhealthtechnology to identify the model about students' knowledgesharing and learning ofhealthtechnologyin professional and vocational colleges.
literature review, Delphi survey, professional interview and sampling questionnaire survey. Through the structure equation modeling (SEM) with two-order confirmatory factor analysis, validity and reliability analysis, the model was tested with good fit, and the contents were certainly a second-order factor ofhealthtechnology literacy, including first-order factors, that is, cognition, innovation propensity, health belief and knowledgesharing. And then, by using a survey method with cluster and stratified random sampling from 16 technological colleges in Taiwan, 3,600 questionnaires were sent out, and 3,012 effective questionnaires were returned; the survey reached 83.67% of return-ratio. The results indicated that the students’ literacy content ofhealthtechnology consisted of cognition, innovation propensity, belief and knowledgesharing, according to the theories of planning behavior, social cognition, innovative diffusion, technology acceptance and health belief.
The purpose of this study was to explore the contents of the related theories ofstudents’ healthtechnology literacy, assess their literacy situation by using a scale, and construct an innovative content model ofhealthtechnology literacy to enhance their innovative capability. The health technological literacy scale forstudentsin technological colleges was constructed by consulting with experts and Delphi survey. By means of the structure equation modeling (SEM) with two-order confirmatory factor analysis, validity and reliability analysis, the model was tested with good fit, and the contents were certainly second-order factor ofhealth technological literacy, including first-order factors, which include the following items: cognition, innovation propensity, health belief and knowledgesharing. Then, using survey method with cluster and stratified random sampling from 16 technological and vocational colleges in Taiwan, 3,600 questionnaires were sent out, and 3,012 of effective questionnaires were returned, with a survey reaching 83.67% of return-ratio. The results indicated that the students’ literacy content ofhealthtechnology consisted of cognition, innovation propensity, belief and knowledgesharing, according to the theories of planning behavior, social cognition, innovative diffusion, technology acceptance and health belief; also, there were very significant correlations and predictabilities with one another. The model ofstudents’ literacy contents was tested with good fit through SEM with statistical software of AMOS and LISREL. This model revealed that there were some positive correlations of path relationship: sharing toward belief, cognition and innovation propensity; belief toward cognition and innovation propensity; cognition toward innovation propensity. The contents ofstudents’ literacy inhealth technology were regarded as a part of liberal education, and would enhance their health and innovative capability. Finally, conclusions and suggestions could serve as references for the university teaching and further research.
is the main developmental force in the 21 st century knowledge-based economy, and health is the cardinal focus of the technological innovation. Current emerging technology, such as Internet in medical healthtechnology, accompanied with advanced information and communication technology brought undoubtedly the human civilization of material expansion, longevity and livelihood quality. The impact of Internet technology is very strong to our spiritual health. It caused human addiction to technology and sometimes mental disorder. It is an important engineering construction of spirituality for solving the problem of spiritual healthforstudents. In the technologyof virtual reality, the interaction of human-machine had a direct and indirect effect on a subject‟s performance. The direct effects of virtual reality simulations on the users involve energy transfer at the tissue level and are potentially hazardous. The indirect effects are neurological, psychological, sociological, or cybersickness and affect the user at a higher functional level . We inferred the impact that Internet technology affected the user‟s spiritual health at a higher level to describe deliberately the purposes of this study as follows:
The health serves justly as a pyramid which could be divide into three parts: physical, mental and spiritual. A complete health is comprised of the satisfactory state of physiological, psychological and spiritual needs. The current students enjoy the high quality of material life with the noble clothes and the delicacy, but their spiritual lives are in vanity. Now technology innovation is the main developmental force in the 21 st century knowledge-based economy, and health is the cardinal focus of the technology innovation. Currently emerging technology, such as Internet in medical healthtechnology, accompanied with advanced information and communication technology brought about undoubtedly the human civilization of material expansion, longevity and livelihood quality. The impact of Internet technology is so strong to our spiritual health. It caused human addiction to technology and sometimes mental disorder. It is an important engineering construction of spirituality for solving the problem ofstudents‟
Currently, because of the high levels of competitively between people, students, employees, companies, and educational institutions, it is very hard for co-workers to share the information between each other. It is a common behavior that even when they work for the same organization, people keep information to themselves; they don’t disclose any data that could provide them with advantage towards the rest of the employees. But even if this might provide a personal advantage, this lack of trust generates a decrease on business performance and also affects the knowledge creation process of the organization overall. This is the reason why creating a trust environment is vital for organizations who want to improve their business performance. Based on knowledge management theories, business performance is one of the results that can be affected by a culture of trust in the organization.
Nowadays, due to the high level of competition among people, classmates, coworkers, universities and organizations, it is becoming very difficult to observe trust between people from the same company or organization. In this regard, people will tend to hind information, data and any other tools that could put that in the best position for their own competitive advantage. By not having trust inside the organization and not sharing the knowledge between people will tend to decrease the performance and the competitive advantage of the organizational learning. Nevertheless, it is important for all those involved in the organization to learn and create new knowledgein order to maintain and improve the performance of all those in the organization, including the organization itself. From knowledge management theories, organizational satisfaction is one of the result of the service provided by the organization to those in which are enrolled. High level of satisfaction is the result of many factors such as organizational trust, knowledgesharing and organizational learning. In this regard, this study examined students from different financial support in their universities as they have different privileges and support.
As institutions of both learning and working undergo transformations as a result of the dynamic changing economic environment, the stance ofuniversitiesin particular and learning institutions in general as citadel ofknowledge are being thoroughly examined and challenged as well by the different groups that have a stake in them-such as the public. As such, the universities have been tasked to initiate, implement, and practicalised knowledge management ideas and principles with an intent of carrying out fundamental and applied research, tutoring appropriate curricular program, harnessing ofknowledgefor leadership decision support so as to facilitate and ameliorate internal document management and utilization in order to increase the status ofknowledge dissemination, and accurate and proper usage ofknowledgefor a valuable change in the learning process (Metaxiotis & Psarras, 2003). However, according to Marwick (2001) the effective and efficient attainment ofknowledge management goals is anchored on the right conglomeration of organizational, social, and managerial initiatives as well as the utilization of the right technology. One of the aspects of organizational knowledge management is organizational knowledgesharing, so what is knowledgesharing?
Since 2000, Ministry of Education started implementation of the Nine-Year Integrated Course, and “Health” and
“Sports” two disciplines has been planned as health and physical education learning curriculum. The integration of information technology was a new study tools for nutrition education.
Computer tailored nutrition education may be more effective than traditional nutrition education because messages are tailored to individual behavior, needs and beliefs of subjects. Therefore, the messages are likely to be of more personal relevance and may have stronger motivational effects. Computer tailored nutrition education has been studied for different dietary behaviors, in different target populations, and in different settings. These years, some studies (Brug, Steenhuis, Assema, & Vries, 1996; Park, Yang, & Kim, 2011; Tyrovolasa, Tountasb, Polychronopoulosa,
Knowledge transfer is one of the most important issues in the knowledgesharing context. In fact, information technology’s (IT) supporting role has already been addressed inknowledge transfer processes. Based on this process proposed by Garavelli et al. (2002), this paper conducted an assessment using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) technique. This was carried out in order to disclose the support suitability of IT types forknowledge transfer. The assessment hierarchy has three levels, which are the goal, process, and support levels. According to the 21 domain specialists and scholars’ assessment analysis, the main results suggest that (1) for goal level support, both the knowledge provider’s and receiver’s cognitive characteristics in the main stages of the knowledge transfer process (e.g. thinking behavior, preferences) were of more importance, while (2) requirements of cognitive characteristics management, interactive communication environment, and the tools for consistency analysis of cognitive characteristics were of more importance for process level support. The discussion and implications are also addressed.
The music recommendation services, now looking for the users’ favorite music information through the network in trend, through the music recommendation services, we can understand the music styles which have the singers or songs information. These kind of music recommendation services based on the user input search strings using the words than to recommend reaching the results. But such an approach has produced the results are not accurate; the user will be unable to get the results that they really want. This research is based on ontology and with the assisting of the interface agent, to the field of music knowledge, construct the music ontology through TOVE (Toronto Virtual Enterprise) ontology engineering method, analysis the field of music knowledge through TOVE ontology engineering method and define every classification of music knowledge, clear standardization, and define the relation between the classification and attribute, even set up inference rule on the other hand, using the inference engine to carry on the inference to the music ontology . In this research we build ontology in the music field, and construct the music knowledge recommendation system. Users can use the system interface for semantic search, find and retrieve the related information correlated with retrieval term, users filter the unnecessary music information to be more suitable, and reaching the service ofsharingknowledge and knowledge reuse.
1 Student， 2 Associate Professor，
Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Department of Healthcare
目的:許多大學生因不正常的生活習慣而造成身體健康的損傷。本研究目的為了 解大學生對五蔬果的認知程度、攝取態度及行為之現況，進一步分析各基本資料 變項對五蔬果的認知、態度及行為之差異性，並探討其相關性。
For the last century, the world has swiftly moves from its industrial economic base, which mostly depends on tangible assets, toward a knowledge base which is tied to the capability of developing and managing knowledge resources. The knowledge economy is built on continuous dynamic value creation, and profits are increasingly coming from knowledge creation, integration, and system-solutions instead of from tangible assets. This change is uprising globally due to the increase of travellers, expenditures, immigration, and communication technologies, making the world more connected and interdependent. Globalisation has facilitated the exchange of goods, services, labour, information, and most importantly, the share of unique ideas and knowledge. Beside all the mutual gains brought by globalisation, competitiveness is accordingly increasing. Short product’s life cycles and a rapid change rate in customers’ needs and preferences are considered typical features as well as challenges of the current industrial paradigm.
Publisher:IEEE Computer Society, 445 Hoes Lane - P.O.Box 1331, Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331, United States
Abstract:This study is based on a case study on a recent start-up problems are already solved. knowledge and technology transfer in the IC firms and interesting insights gained. The transfer
From the aspect of social network centralities, no matter how much does the degree centrality, closeness centrality, or betweenness centrality, as the members with higher centrality they play central positions in the network. They can also be regarded as the experts ofknowledge contributors, and hold most knowledge resources. However, they only occupy a small number of all members. Thus, forum operators are suggested to keep those experts as lifelong members in varied ways as long as they are willing to share knowledgein the network, for instance, to design a reward mechanism to encourage them spending more time on knowledgesharing and problem solving, to promote their membership, and to accumulate their prestige value. Furthermore, forum operators can establish a recommendation system to have knowledge seekers quickly locate an expert whom is familiar with their problems and can provide solutions to the problems effectively. The experts can feel of being needed, and may speed up the response time forknowledge seekers in any interaction opportunities in the knowledge forums.