Top PDF A pilot-scale study of the design and operation parameters of a pulse-jet baghouse

A pilot-scale study of the design and operation parameters of a pulse-jet baghouse

A pilot-scale study of the design and operation parameters of a pulse-jet baghouse

a INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, NATIONAL CHIAO TUNG UNIVERSITY , HSIN CHU, TAIWAN Published online: 13 Jun 2007. To cite this article: Hsin-Chung Lu & Chuen-Jinn Tsai (1998) A Pilot-Scale Study of the Design and Operation Parameters of a Pulse-Jet Baghouse, Aerosol Science and Technology, 29:6, 510-524, DOI: 10.1080/02786829808965587

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Influence of design and operation parameters on bag-cleaning performance of pulse-jet baghouse

Influence of design and operation parameters on bag-cleaning performance of pulse-jet baghouse

I NFLUENCE OF D ESIGN AND O PERATION P ARAMETERS ON B AG -C LEANING P ERFORMANCE OF P ULSE -J ET B AGHOUSE By Hsin-Chung Lu 1 and Chuen-Jinn Tsai 2 A BSTRACT : In this study, a filter test system with clean new fabric bags was used to measure the pulse pressure and acceleration of the filter bag. Fabric acceleration and pulse pressure were used as an index of bag-cleaning intensity. The jet pump curves, which relate the flow rate through the venturi to the average developed pressure by the venturi, were determined by the similar system. The intersection of the jet pump curve and the bag operating line, which relates the pressure drop to flow rate across the bag during pulse-jet cleaning, is the system operating point that was used to predict the average pulse pressure in the bag during pulse-jet cleaning. Ex- perimental results of this study show that a higher pulse pressure can be achieved without the venturi at the top of the bag for bag materials with low resistance coefficient. For bags with higher resistance coefficients, higher pulse pressure is obtained with a venturi installed at the top of the bag. The predicted pressure values are in good agreement with experimental data. Dimensional analysis for jet pump performance was developed to reduce the experimental data. The results show that the jet pump curves obtained under different operating conditions can be reduced to the same nondimensional curve, which can be used to facilitate the design and operation of a pulse-jet cleaning system.
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Influence of different cleaning conditions on cleaning performance of pilot-scale pulse-jet baghouse

Influence of different cleaning conditions on cleaning performance of pilot-scale pulse-jet baghouse

Influence of Different Cleaning Conditions on Cleaning Performance of Pilot-Scale Pulse-Jet Baghouse Hsin-Chung Lu 1 and Chuen-Jinn Tsai 2 Abstract: In this study, a pilot-scale pulse-jet baghouse is utilized to control the particulate emission of an oil-fired boiler. The operating and design parameters, such as filtration velocity, initial tank pressure, and nozzle diameter, were varied to evaluate the cleaning effect of the pulse-jet baghouse. Two different cleaning types, 共1兲 high initial tank pressure and one bag cleaning; and 共2兲 low initial tank pressure and two consecutive bag cleanings, are used to compare the bag-cleaning performance in this study. It is found that the cleaning effect increases with the initial tank pressure. However, the cleaning intensity 共overpressure兲 does not increase with the nozzle diameter. There exists an optimum nozzle diameter to achieve higher cleaning intensity and a better cleaning effect. This phenomenon results from the small volume of the baghouse compartment in this study. If an industrial size baghouse was used, it suggests that a nozzle diameter larger than 13 mm and initial tank pressure greater than 2.5 kg/cm 2 should be adopted to achieve a higher cleaning effect. Between the two cleaning types, type 2 is found to be more effective to clean the bag and the energy consumption for compressed air is reduced significantly from type 1. Therefore, type 2 bag cleaning is suggested to be a better method to clean the baghouse.
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Effect of filtration velocity and filtration pressure drop on the bag-cleaning performance of a pulse-jet baghouse

Effect of filtration velocity and filtration pressure drop on the bag-cleaning performance of a pulse-jet baghouse

In this study the filtration velocity and filtration pressure drop at the beginning of bag cleaning were used as experimental parameters to evaluate the bag-cleaning per- formance of a pulse-jet baghouse. The effective residual pressure loss was used to in- dicate the cleaning performance after bag cleaning. Two different test dusts, fly ash and limestone, were used. The critical cleaning indices under different operation conditions for bag cleaning were also investigated. A critical average pulse overpressure was found to exist beyond which bag-cleaning performance did not improve much. It was found the filter’s final filtration resistance is an important parameter to decide whether a Venturi is necessary for a good bag-cleaning performance or not. Use of a Venturi was found to increase the average pulse overpressure for a system with a filter’s final resistance coefficient greater than about 500 Pa ⭈s/cm. However, no Venturi is recom- mended when the filter’s final resistance coefficient is smaller than 500 Pa ⭈s/cm.
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Numerical and experimental study of cleaning process of a pulse-jet fabric filtration system

Numerical and experimental study of cleaning process of a pulse-jet fabric filtration system

300 ms, and the maximum duration time is 450, 500, and 600 ms for P tk0 ) 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0 kg/cm 2 , respectively. Effect of Distance between Nozzle and Bag Opening on Pressure Impulse. Figure 9 shows the effect of different distances between nozzle and bag opening on pressure impulse at point 7. The distances are 5, 10, 20, and 30 cm, respectively. Both experimental data and simulated results show that when the distance increases, the pressure impulse also increases. The increase in pressure impulse for ranging from 5 to 30 cm is about 10% for different initial tank pressures investigated. The experimental data of Rothwell (4) also show similar trend. Increase of the pressure impulse with the distance is because a longer distance between the nozzle and bag opening will allow more induced secondary air flow into the bag, which will result in an increase of pressure impulse in the bag. However, if the distance becomes too long, the spreading width of the nozzle exit flow at the bag opening may become greater than the bag diameter. Eventually only part of the nozzle and induced air flow will be pulsed into the bag, which may result in lower pressure impulse. That is, there is an optimum distance depending on nozzle and bag diameters. Opti- mization of this distance will be discussed in the next section.
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OPTIMAL DESIGN OF OPERATION PARAMETERS FOR PEMFC

OPTIMAL DESIGN OF OPERATION PARAMETERS FOR PEMFC

Key Words: neural-network, orthogonal arrays, response surface methodology, PEMFC, operation parameters. ABSTRACT This paper presents a method for combining sequential neural-network approximation and orthogonal arrays (SNAOA) in determining the major operation and design parameters which affect the performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). An orthogonal array was first con- ducted to obtain the initial solution set. The results obtained from the or- thogonal array were then used as the experimental data for response surface methodology (RSM) that could predict the operation parameters at discrete levels. The set was then treated as the initial training sample and a back- propagation sequential neural network was trained to simulate the feasible domain for seeking optimal operation parameters of PEMFC. With this method, the size of the training sample was greatly reduced due to the use of the orthogonal array. In addition, a restart strategy was also incorporated into the SNAOA so that the searching process could have a better opportunity to reach a near global optimum with the objective of reaching maximum output power of the PEMFC, which has a separate flow field in the cathode. The major parameters harnessed in this study include operating temperature, hu- midification temperature, reactant flow rate, split point, and split flow rate.
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A Comparison of the Burdens and Coping Strategies of the Primary Caregivers of Elderly Patients in Scottish and Chinese Communities: A Pilot Study

A Comparison of the Burdens and Coping Strategies of the Primary Caregivers of Elderly Patients in Scottish and Chinese Communities: A Pilot Study

The highest scores of the isolation burden were those achieved by Scottish male caregivers while the Chinese male caregivers had the lowest scores. Given the patterns of how care is provided this is not a surprising finding. Caring for patients inevitably limits the caregivers’ social activities. Caregivers will be less able to go anywhere that they might wish or to enjoy their holidays since they would have to make complicated or expensive arrangements to provide continuity of care. There is also the likelihood of their being worried about the patient when they are far away. Besides, they will be less able to invite their friends’ home during the period of caring for the patient. Therefore, this could also increase their sense of isolation as well as their emotional and general burden. The low Chinese scores are interesting because these caregivers are part of a very close knit community in a foreign country. Therefore, they did not share feelings of isolation, however it might be noted that there were no Chinese sons in the sample and so some of the explanations for the sense of isolation experienced by the Scots would not hold true for the Chinese.
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Effect Of Potential Gradient On Electrical Enhanced Sludge Dewatering Process: A Small Pilot Scale Study

Effect Of Potential Gradient On Electrical Enhanced Sludge Dewatering Process: A Small Pilot Scale Study

The potential gradient ranging from 2 to 5 V/cm were applied to induce the movement of bound water within the sludge specimen elapsed for 2 hr. Results showed that the direction of electroosmosis (EO) flow was from the anode to cathode. Due to the release of H + and OH - through electrolysis of water, the sludge pH was maintained at 5.9 ~ 6.8 near the anode side and 9.8 ~ 10.8 near the cathode after EK treatment. As applied potential gradient of 2~5 V/cm to EK system for 2 hr, the moisture content of sludge decreased further to 47.5 %. The EO permeability and the power consumption throughout the test period are around 3.04 ~ 4.80  10 -5 cm 2 /V-s and 14.4 ~ 66.8 kWh/m 3 , respectively. Up to 20.8 ~ 27.9% of total disposal cost saving was found with aid of EK technique. It is concluded that the water can be effectively and economically removed from sludge by EK process.
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Design and Manufacture of a Small Scale Multi-copter

Design and Manufacture of a Small Scale Multi-copter

This camera would be used to position the object to be picked up within the jaws of the claw by using feedback from the video and manually positioning the multi-copter using the remote[r]

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Appendix A  A Sample Article and Tasks in the Pilot Study

Appendix A A Sample Article and Tasks in the Pilot Study

Appendix A A Sample Article and Tasks in the Pilot Study 姓名 座號 Laugh Your Way to Health and Happiness Do you ever feel depressed, tired, sick or just burned out? When you feel this way, maybe all that you need to feel better is a good dose of laughter. Laughing can instantly lift your spirits when you’re feeling down. But laughing does more than just make you feel better. Doctors have discovered that adding laughter to your life can make you healthier, too.

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A Pilot Study of the Influence of Growth Reference Charts on Breastfeeding Rates

A Pilot Study of the Influence of Growth Reference Charts on Breastfeeding Rates

Methodology: Breastfeeding is the foundation of infant nutrition and lifetime healthExclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life for optimum growth and health. In Hangzhou, China 500 mothers were recruited at birth for a randomised control of the influence of the type of growth chart on breastfeeding rates. The two growth charts used represented the CDC 2000 and the WHO 2006 references. A total of 537 mothers were included in the pilot study, 273 in the first group (heavier growth chart) and 264 in the second (lighter) group.
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The Power of Statistics in the Design of a Study

The Power of Statistics in the Design of a Study

The Power of Statistics in the Design of a Study Jung-Chang Tang Shu-Hui Lee National Chiayi University Gonchen Elementary School An analysis of the power of the statistical methods used is very important in designing any research project or investigation. The major concepts regarding statistical power include the sample size of the study, the desired detectable effect size, the specified Type I error rate, and the sensitivities of statistical testing. The purpose of this article is then to explain the procedures a researcher should employ in order to make such statistical power explicit in the design of his or her study. Two empirical investigations are described in order to illustrate Type I and Type II error by examining sample size, statistical tests, measures, treatment effects, and variability within the subject groups of these two studies. Finally, some procedures for the consideration of statistical power in experimental design are suggested.
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Study of livestock biogas upgrading using a pilot-scale photocatalytic desulphurizer followed by a hollow fibre carbon dioxide adsorption module

Study of livestock biogas upgrading using a pilot-scale photocatalytic desulphurizer followed by a hollow fibre carbon dioxide adsorption module

0.74282, 0.70246 and 0.74621, respectively, when the y-axis was CO 2 removal efficiency and the x-axis was outlet biogas flow rate. Conclusions The purpose of developing the PDR was intended to desulphurize livestock biogas under ambient conditions and applied with the various biogas applications such as power generation, absorption chillers, or kitchen stoves. The higher the heat value, the more efficient the biogas applications. For onsite application, the load- ing volume of biogas must be increased with the enlargement of the size of the biogas desulphurization facility and the hollow fibre CO 2 adsorption module. Thus, nitrogen gas adsorption cartridges might be needed and installed next to the hollow fibre CO 2
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A Pilot Study on the Treatment Effect of Quantum Wave Resonance in Human Pain and Disorder

A Pilot Study on the Treatment Effect of Quantum Wave Resonance in Human Pain and Disorder

Pains are common symptoms among the elderly, especially those occurring at joints owing to musculoskeletal disorders. Negligence upon them for a period of time would most likely result in further aggravation on all fronts surrounding the sufferers, for example, the activity level would drop, life quality be jeopardized, and in some cases, patients even become disabled. At a very high rate, these pains are further associated with degenerative types of diseases, and thus are persistent and even harder to cope with. Therefore, it is essential to alleviate the pain suffering and at the same time to oppose such
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寸口脈診操作之預壓與位移研究;A study of preload pressure and displacement of the pulse area in tsun-kou with standardized operation protocol

寸口脈診操作之預壓與位移研究;A study of preload pressure and displacement of the pulse area in tsun-kou with standardized operation protocol

With the preload-displacement measuring device, a doctor took the pulse by a standardized operating protocol and recorded the preload and displacement of the upper and lower border in ts[r]

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A Study of Optimal Mould Geometric Parameters During the Cold Preforming of Hollow Fasteners with a Thin Flange

A Study of Optimal Mould Geometric Parameters During the Cold Preforming of Hollow Fasteners with a Thin Flange

process using DEFORM software, and compared their results with experiments. Cho et al. [7] also used DEFORM software to study the design process of the cold forging of a billet by forward and backward extrusion. In the traditional hole-flanging process, a metal sheet must first be processed into washers. Next, the pressure plate must be fixed to the mould surface, and finally the punch pin must perform the extrusion on the billet hole edge. However, in this process, the low material utilization, transmission, and the processing speed are very time-consuming, and it is impossible to achieve economic benefits from mass production. In order to enhance and improve the hole-flanging process. This study employs the auto-loading and the forging mechanical characteristics of a multi-stage former to study a hollow fastener with a thin flange during the cold forging process using steel wire as the raw material. The production speed is ten times higher than that of the traditional forming process.
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Data Mining Based Tax Audit Selection: A Case Study of a Pilot Project at the Minnesota Department of Revenue

Data Mining Based Tax Audit Selection: A Case Study of a Pilot Project at the Minnesota Department of Revenue

Large sales 6,229,248 23,776 Small sales 101,895 1998 Combined totals 7,803,184 18,848 process in parallel. Experts provided qualitative assessment of the cases that were selected by the data mining based approach before auditors performed actual field audits, as the column data mining predicted suggests. The results from actual field audits were in the last column. The detailed assessment results are not reported here since they are protected by law. Results in dollars for different categories are reported in Table 9. As described earlier, auditors would concentrate their attention on Use tax, Sales tax, or both once they decided to conduct field audits. Therefore, there are different categories shown in Table 9. These results clearly show that the data mining based approach generated more revenue for the DOR. For example, in Table 9, the DOR assessed Sales tax of $23,776 in average for relatively large businesses. Please recall that the threshold for being a profitable audit was set to $1500 per case (for a 3-year audit period). The result achieved by the data mining based approach clearly proved that it was able to not only save costs and efforts but also generate more revenue. What is more, the manual audit selection process (used at the time of the pilot project) was struggling with relatively small businesses and usually most cases generated less than $1500. Nevertheless, the average amount of assessed Sales and Use taxes achieved by the data mining based approach was $2504. Furthermore, if auditors decided to concentrate on Sales tax, the average assessed amount for relatively large businesses was $23,776 while that for relatively small businesses was $1998. Considering the threshold was set to $1500 per case, and the average assessed amount of dollars was $18,848, revenue generated by the data mining based approach was over 12 times of the threshold that was associated with the average collection cost. These results demonstrated that data mining had the potential to efficiently and effectively perform more sophisticated tax audit selection.
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Process Parameters Optimization: A Design Study for TiO2 Thin Film of Vacuum Sputtering Process

Process Parameters Optimization: A Design Study for TiO2 Thin Film of Vacuum Sputtering Process

Note to Practitioners—This paper was motivated by the problem of finding optimal process parameters for the TiO thin film but it also ap- plies to other different processes that need to get better process parameters by experiments. Existing approaches have trial-and-error or experimental design methods. The two methods are time- and cost-consuming, and could not guarantee to find the good process parameters. This paper suggests a procedure by combining both modeling and optimization methods to solve this problem. We employ the Taguchi method, the ANN, and the GA to search for the optimal process parameters for a TiO thin film in the vacuum sputtering process. The result is quite promising. In future research, we will improve the adopted methods and apply the approach to other problems for optimal process parameters design. Please feel free to contact us, if you have any questions about this approach. We will do our best to help you.
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An Implementation of a WSN-based Medical Monitoring System-A pilot study of the Blood Pressure Monitoring of Hemodialysis Patients

An Implementation of a WSN-based Medical Monitoring System-A pilot study of the Blood Pressure Monitoring of Hemodialysis Patients

Fig. 8 An illustration for MySQL database 6. Data processing of the medical monitoring system The data processing of the designed medical monitoring system consists of three sub procedures. The first part is that nurses deliver waking commands to WSN modules through the PC-based gateway in the ward. A waking command is written as ‘NodeWake, NodeID-PName’. If the sensor node receives a waking command, the corresponding sensor node and its equipped medical meters will be awaken from a sleeping mode. All the sensor nodes send a packet to the PCP when they received the waking commands. The PCP transmits the detecting commands to the awaked WSN modules. A detecting command is written as ‘VitalDetect, NodeID-PName’. After detecting vital signs, the data that includes various items (Node ID, Name, Systolic Pressure, Diastolic Pressure, Pulse, Oxygen Concentration, Body Temperature, and Time) is transmitted back to the PCP through wireless communication.
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Design, operation and morphological effects of bypass tunnels as a sediment routing technique

Design, operation and morphological effects of bypass tunnels as a sediment routing technique

Abstract Sediment Bypass Tunnels (SBTs) are a sediment routing technique. During floods, sediment-laden water is conveyed through the tunnel to the dam tailwater. SBTs feature several advantages over other measures against reservoir sedimentation. First of all, SBTs have demonstrated to be quite effective with sediment bypass efficiencies of up to more than 90%, thus considerably extending the reservoir life, i.e. the theoretical duration until the reservoir is completely filled with sediment. Secondly, they have positive effects on downstream eco-morphology, because sediment conveyance may significantly decelerate or even stop riverbed incision and increase the habitat quality and morphological variability below a dam reservoir. Mainly sediments provided from upstream river reaches are conveyed through SBTs since remobilization of accumulated sediments in the reservoir hardly occurs. An SBT can thus greatly improve the sediment continuity despite river impoundment by dams. In this paper the main design features, operational aspects and eco-morphological effects of SBTs are presented.
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