This article responds to the article "Exploring the Indigenization ofEmployeeAssistancePrograms Ethics: A ProposalfortheEthicalCodeofChineseEmployeeAssistancePrograms" and provides a brief review and supplement to the development history of Taiwan's employeeassistanceprograms, especially during I work forthe Teacher Chang Foundation, assisting the government in promoting the experience oftheemployeeassistanceprograms, it is necessary to indigenize the professional ethics oftheemployeeassistanceprograms. However, how theethicalcode is set forthe coverage of a wide range ofChinese areas, how to take into account forthe diversified purposes of business owners, administration, employee's unions and employees, and collaborating with relevant professional societies to collect relevant practical opinions for subsequent amendments, is the direction in which the author can think and work hard.
This article attempted to use the indigenization of both psychology and social sciences to explore EAPs indigenization by examining potential development in the directions, goals and strategies in EAPs indigenization and indigenous EAPs. The proposed research direction of indigenous EAPs included historical reference, theme confirmation and method formulation. The research objectives included localizing the introduction of foreign studies and indigenizing the combination ofChinese and Western indigenization of cultural inheritance. Research strategies included concept exploration, theoretical construction and research verification. The conclusion indicated that Chinese native EAPs scholars should develop their personal way of life based on cultural roots while cultivating a new and modern Chinese indigenous EAPs that encompasses new thinking.
Second, related to the mentioned suggestions above, when working with Chinese organizations or employees, it is suggested that the manager or leader can offer programs and office events that encourage interaction and commu- nication between the managers and their subordinates. This study suggests that the approach of enforcing ethical behavior among employees is important. Communication should be carried out strategically to create an ethical cli- mate and harmonious atmosphere. FortheChinese employees, they need to be gradually taught the importance of following thecodeof ethics in a way that is in line with the Confucius tradition. The intended effects are to tear down the walls and increase the feeling of a strong guanxi that leads to the positive state ofthe individuals. Also, when communication across the managers and subordi- nates is encouraged, this can also create a favorable working environment.
Based on the result of “Human Resources Survey”, issued by the Institute of Occupational Safety & Healthy(IOSH) of Executive Yuan on September, 2005, 68.5 percents of interviewed participants revealed that they often or always have to face huge work pressure. The result also showed that people have to face increasing work pressure year after year. Moreover, the melancholia and suicide problems among labors have attracted increasing attention from the society. According to an Internet Survey result, which was conducted by 111 Job Bank on 2005, more than 50 percents employees considered themselves as “unhappy employee”. In fact, from now on our society should not neglect any employee problem. The task of improving occupational safety and healthy has also drew a lot worldwide attention and become an important issue on human resources study. TheEmployeeAssistancePrograms (EAPs) consists the concept and organization structure of industrial work and labor counseling. In EAPs, participated enterprises would provide planned activities to encourage employers or companies to establish a well-planed EmployeeAssistance Program, so as to create a win-win result and a healthy working environment for both theemployee and employer. This research is conducted to survey the practice of EAPs in Taiwan’s domestic enterprises and analyze EAPs’ influence on employees’ job involvement. This research selected 1,000 human resources department managers from the survey of “ 2004 Taiwan Top 1000 Manufacturer”, issued by Common Wealth Magazine on 2005, as its survey participants. 1,000 copies of questionnaires were sent out and 167 effective questionnaires were collected. This research questionnaire is designed to study and analyze EAPs from four different factors, which are work, life, health and system model. The research findings are as following: First, married and elder male or man of higher position in one company has higher job involvement. Second, enterprise characteristic is not related to employee’s job
power, these Chinese sources show an appeal to practical, physical effects on the body, rather than to abstract notions.
While many similar views are found in the two ancient cultures, Lloyd emphasizes the underlying difference, regarding it as closely related to their divergent social and political circumstances. 25 Such difference is indeed im- mense and its significance should never be underestimated. Nevertheless, just because ofthe enormous divergence in the reasoning strategies and socio-political contexts ofthe two cultures, the similarity in their views on musical power becomes even more highlighted: Even in cultures of such vast difference, theethical power of music is emphasized to a similarly great extent. Music’s ethical power and utility for education, statecraft and its connection with the universe, therefore, may enjoy cross-cultural value and importance, which need not be confined merely to the two ancient tradi- tions. Rather, it deserves consideration for human beings today as well. 26
These include a refined procedure for proving a set of candidates as input to the mechanism in question, the rejection of a unified approach to local and non-local binding, the simplification ofthe stock of prominence factors, and the elaboration ofthe procedure for prominence competition, etc. In 3.3 I tested the mechanism against the sentences discussed in the literature and showed that subject-orientation and its absence and binding by sub-commanding NPs follow from my account. I also demonstrated that an enriched animacy hierarchy can cover more sentences than the simple animaite/inanimate dichotomy Hu and Pan assumed. In 3.4 I examined other sentence types and suggested that the postulation of some functional projections such as Pivot Phrase might allow certain facts to be accommodated within the mechanism.
This paper constructs a model for evaluating the performance of after-school institutions in Taiwan by adopting the AHP. The results show that factors from the service qu ality dimension are highly emphasized. In the educational services market, how to provide effective services and incorporate quality into marketing strategy enable institutions to offer superior service quality. The use of promotional activities to sell their services and to increase the interests of potential customers is also important. Government should, through evaluation and reward systems, help after-school care institutions to set up good-quality childcare and to create a happy learning environment. The management and operation of an institution, in addition to consider the parents’ expectations and the market trend, needs to focus more on the needs of students in order to provide students the best after- school care services. Finally, the developed evaluation model can be used or tailored by interested parties as an effective and objective mechanism for evaluating after-school programs. The proposed model can be tailored in the aspects studied or the factors being considered to suit the different after- school needs and after-school programs in different countries. In addition, children of different age categories may require different after-school cares; therefore, different after-school programs can be categorized, and evaluating hierarchies can be revised accordingly to meet the needs of different age groups.
Although the LMX theory and Cheng’s employee categorization model both suggest some criteria that leaders use foremployee categorization, they do not provide any insight about the interactions among those criteria. This study sought to fill this gap and found that the three criteria did interact with each other to affect reward allocation decisions. In addition, the results confirmed the significance of allocation context forthe effects ofthe three categorization criteria. Compared to the private context, the tendency ofthe managers to favor in-group subordinates decreased in the public context. Correspondingly, the effects of relationship, loyalty, and competence on reward allocation were reduced. In contrast, when
A few remarks about the comparisons between our scheme and other proposals should be mentioned here. In usual teleportation scheme, one has to perform Hadamard and CNOT transformations on one ofthe entangled particles and the teleported quantum state. After that, the information from the joint measurements ofthe two particles has to be sent to the other entangled particle in order to allow proper unitary operations. In our proposal, however, the Hadamard and CNOT transformations are omitted and the joint measurements are performed naturally by collective decay. This kind of ‘one-pass’ teleportation is similar to Bose’s proposal , where the teleportation between two trapped atoms in two independent cavities is achieved by the leaked cavity photons impinging on a 50–50 beam splitter. Very recently, Beenakker and Kindermann  have also theoretically pointed out that ‘one-pass’ teleportation of spin states in quantum Hall system is possible. The key is the recombination ofthe electron and hole at the tunnel barrier. A disadvantage is that the success rate is small.
may also be enhanced by a factor of 共/r兲 2 , where r is the dot-lattice constant.
Finally, we note that recent advances in fabrication nano- technologies have made it possible to grow high quality nanowires, 30 in which cavity QED phenomena can be re- vealed via surface plasmons. 31 It is likely that similar effects will appear if the QD p-i-n junction is coupled to the channel plasmons. Even more, since the dispersion relation in cylin- drical interface is much more complex 共for example, it con- tains both real and virtual modes兲, 32 the corresponding shot- noise spectra are expected to give more information about the non-Markovian effect. Further investigations in this di- rection certainly put such a system more useful in the fields of quantum transport and cavity QED.
Today’s understaffed IT departments face a daunting security challenge – protect the enterprise from new, unknown threats. The most damaging threats, unfortunately, are coming from fatal malicious programs, such as zero day worms and viruses, which are hard to be stopped by traditional security mechanisms. Therefore, instead of trying to prevent every single intrusion, in this paper, we adopt a novel system architecture which will tolerate new worm attack temperately until administrator removes the vulnerability. With a set of intrusion pattern recognition mechanisms and the virtual machine technology, the proposed VMITN (Virtual Machine based Intrusion Tolerance Network) is able to achieve the goal of intrusion tolerance. We have implemented a prototype of VMITN. We present the design, implementation and evaluation of this prototype system. Our experiments in an emulation network proved the reliability and survivability of VMITN under Code Red worm attack.
Needs and demands data provided by patients them- selves may be misleading as they might not be able to adequately express these needs and demands. Since patients often depend heavily on caregivers for activities of daily living, caregivers should be important participants and opinion providers in health care planning. In this regard, research addressing the needs and demands issue from the perspectives of both patients and caregivers could prove informative in providing a balanced view. This will be especially important for planning community programs, since in Taiwan near 90% of people with chronic mental illness live with their families (Hwu et al. 1995) and com- munity psychiatric rehabilitation programs are still highly needed (Department of Health 2006). Considering that different community rehabilitation programs vary in their service population, goals of rehabilitation, and allocated resources and operations, diverse psychiatric rehabilita- tion programs such as drop-in services, accommodations, club houses, home care, respite services and caregiver support, are needed to meet individualized and multi-level needs. Currently, only structured day service and residential rehabilitation are available and covered by the National Health Insurance in Taiwan and they have to serve multi- purpose functions and might not fit the needs of individual patients.
Certainly, Morrison’s depiction ofthe multiple fabrications ofthe gang violence would stimulate a postmodern reading that focuses much upon the indetermination of what has really taken place. However, what such an interpretative approach fails to notice is the very splitting ofthe Ruby citizens demonstrated in their different renditions, no matter based upon a closed or an open-ended rendering, ofthe same story. In this way, the accuracy ofthe account about the attack on the Convent women turns into a certain objet petit a rather than a factual answer. This unknowability ofthe true story arouses the desire of its listeners such as Misner, who is clearly unsatisfied with all the editions provided, to build up his/her own version and interpretation ofthe involved meaning and desire. In addition, it stimulates Rubians, being uncertain as to what really take place, to re-think about what they have done and to what extent they are involved in and should be guilty ofthe violence and the xenophobic mentality. Functioning as the objet petit a, the authenticity ofthe murder event propels Rubians’ desire of interpretation and interpretation of desire—the desire of interpretation of desire—to work, consequently engaging these people in a direct encounter with the Real, the lack in the symbolization ofthe unrepresentable reality.
This paper discusses our study on the characteristics of organizational change, spe-cifically which characteristics influence an
individual’s appraisal ofthe uncertainty as-sociated with change and ultimately how change affects the employees’ job satisfaction and turnover intentions of an organization’s employees. We sampled two different in-ternational companies with a survey