Top PDF Survey of Medication Knowledge and Behaviors Among College Students in Taiwan

Survey of Medication Knowledge and Behaviors Among College Students in Taiwan

Survey of Medication Knowledge and Behaviors Among College Students in Taiwan

Abstract OBJECTIVES: To survey the knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards safe medication use of first-year college students in Taiwan. METHODS: One hundred forty-seven departments in 27 universities were sampled by stratified randomization. Three sections of the questionnaire were developed, including 10 true/false questions to measure knowledge, 4 questions for attitude in a 5-point scale, and 10 questions for practice in a 5-point scale. RESULTS: A total of 6270 subjects completed the survey instrument for a valid response rate of 91.9%.
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ESP for College Students in Taiwan:
A Survey of Student and Faculty perceptions

ESP for College Students in Taiwan: A Survey of Student and Faculty perceptions

Since ESP is totally learner-centered and goal-oriented, a heavier burden and greater responsibility are thus imposed on the ESP teacher, as compared with those of the general English teacher. The ESP practitioner is expected to possess specialty knowledge and language-teaching skills at once. According to Dudley Evans and St. John (1998), the ESP practitioner has as many as five key roles to perform: teacher, course designer and materials provider, collaborator, researcher and evaluator. In addition to teaching, designing the course, and providing suitable materials, the ESP instructor may need to work with and even team teach with the subject specialist both in and out of the classroom. The ESP instructor is also encouraged to undertake classroom action research to understand the learning effects and to improve ESP instruction. And last but not least, the ESP teacher should evaluate courses regularly to identify stud e nt s ’ pr obl e msand to make proper adjustments accordingly.
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Implementing reflective portfolios for promoting autonomous learning among EFL college students in Taiwan

Implementing reflective portfolios for promoting autonomous learning among EFL college students in Taiwan

Ya-Fen Lo National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences Abstract This article depicts challenges for students and teachers involved in developing a reflective portfolio to promote autonomous learning in Taiwan. One hundred and one students in a Taiwan university completed their individual portfolio projects. A pre-course questionnaire, post-course self-evaluation, and the instructor’s field notes were the data collection tools. The pre-course questionnaire results showed the students had neither experience of compiling portfolios nor knowledge of autonomous learning. The teacher could not let all decision-making power go to such inexperienced students. Instead, the teacher’s role needed to alternate between decision- maker, facilitator and resource person to help the students learn to be autonomous. The students
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AGGREGATION OF HEALTH BEHAVIORS AMONG FOURTH GRADERS IN NORTHERN TAIWAN

AGGREGATION OF HEALTH BEHAVIORS AMONG FOURTH GRADERS IN NORTHERN TAIWAN

or “eaten fast food” in the past week. Although another report [4] differed from our study in its study subjects, measurement scales and survey time, meaning that results from the two studies cannot be directly compared, the over- all conclusion was that latent threats to the health of chil- dren and adolescents, notwithstanding they may be affected by their parents’ norm and behavior, already exist due to lack of positive behaviors and the incorporation of negative behaviors into their lifestyles. It would be worthwhile fol- lowing this cohort of students to help determine whether or not this phenomenon will continue to increase and in fact worsen as the children become older.
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Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Junior High and Senior High School Students in Taiwan

Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Junior High and Senior High School Students in Taiwan

Limitations The findings in this report are subject to at least 3 limitations. First, because GYTS is limited to students, the survey might not be representative of all youths aged 13-18 years. However, in Taiwan, junior high school attendance is compulsory, and the gross enroll- ment rate for senior high schools was over 95% in 2005. 19 Second, these data apply only to youths who were in school on the day of the survey and who com- pleted the survey. However, school response rates were 100%, and student response rates were very high (more than 90%), suggesting that bias attributable to absence or nonresponse was limited. Finally, data were based on the self-report of students, who might underreport or over- report their behaviors or attitudes. The extent of this bias cannot be determined from these data; however, reliabil- ity studies in the United States have indicated good test- retest results for similar tobacco-related questions. 20
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The?nursing college students' knowledge  attitude and willingness on long term care.

The?nursing college students' knowledge attitude and willingness on long term care.

The purpose of this research is trying to understand the knowledge, attitude and willingness of long term care from the nursing school students. To find out how a person’s background and long term care related courses affect it. We selected 130 students from the nursing school where located in north of Taiwan that had completed their internship in long term care for the year 2006. It’s an instructed survey, using SPSS window 12.0 version for the T examination, analyzed by 2-way ANOVA,Posteriori comparisons , Pearson's, Stepwise multiple regression for the statistic data base.
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A study on the Knowledge Sharing of Health Technology for Technological College Students’ Mobile Learning

A study on the Knowledge Sharing of Health Technology for Technological College Students’ Mobile Learning

H E number of technological and professional colleges in Taiwan increased to 78 in the 2007-2008 school year and has been increasingly expanded. Since the higher technological and vocational education deregulated, current students of higher education place themselves to the modern technological environment; they use and depend on technology more than the students in the past. The technology is helpful for their learning and training, but it’s better not to impact of their health. And the technology is originally one kind of process of question- solving in modern society, and the people use it with resources and creativity to solve effectively the practical questions. Then mobile learning is the exciting art of using mobile technologies to enhance the learning experience. However, the students face all kinds of technological environments, and they addict themselves to it and extricate themselves with difficulty. The survey discovered 11% of college students who spent over six hours on the Internet every day, and thus they were stricken by headache, sleep disorder, and anxiety, and also could agitate restlessly when they were not on the Internet. They lost all interests in life and addicted themselves to network which threatened seriously their health. The current health technology had the direct and indirect influence to users' health of mind, body, physiological and psychological wound or psychogenic diseases and so on[8]. The college students contact frequently the technology, but they often lack actually the health technological literacy and do not understand the pros and cons of both sides of technology to impact of the health. Then they pursue constantly the innovative products, and neglect the fact that it would initiate the serious problems in mind and body health and hoodwink their advantages.
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A longitudinal study of risk factors for motorcycle crashes among junior college students in Taiwan.

A longitudinal study of risk factors for motorcycle crashes among junior college students in Taiwan.

The effect of the residential area on the occurrence of motorcycle crashes changing over the study period might have resulted result from excluding the fifth-year Taipei stu- dents from this study as well as the inclusion of fifth-year Hualien students until their graduation in May 1995, who had a lower risk of crashing as compared to other students in the study. However, the interaction of residential area with calendar time does not disappear when excluding the fifth-year Hualien students in the multivariate analysis. An- other possible explanation is that the road environments in Taipei might have changed to the detriment of motorcycle rider safety during the study period. This inference is sug- gested by the finding that the risk of among students from the two Hualien schools compared to the risk for students from the Taipei school at each follow-up assessment de- creased in a similar manner (respective RH values were 1.72, 1.15, and 0.96 at the three follow-up assessments for one school, and 2.45, 1.17, and 0.92 for the other). Furthermore, the monthly crash rate among students in Taipei increased over the study period. The ongoing construction of the mass transit transportation system under or over principal arterial roads near the study school in Taipei during the study pe- riod may have contributed to the increased risk of crashes.
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A Professionalism Survey of Medical Students in Taiwan

A Professionalism Survey of Medical Students in Taiwan

In Taiwanese society, physicians have been held in high esteem as leaders. This practice dates back to Japanese colonialism (1895–1945) when locals were encouraged and educated in modern Western medi- cine for the sake of public health. Public trust in phy- sicians and close personal relationships between doctors and patients constituted the foundations of the social contract in folk society. 5–7 Since personal re- lationships with physicians in small local clinics have largely been subsumed by large hospitals after the im- plementation of the National Health Insurance policy in 1995, public perception of the medical profession has been eroding. This event is conjunctly related to the increasing complexity of biomedical technology, marketization of medical care, and domination of health care management with cost concerns. Moreover, similar to what many scholars have observed in devel- oped countries, it is generally remarked that young Taiwanese physicians, affluent and privileged com- pared to the previous generations, do not display the personal commitment assumed by past medical pro- fessionals. 8–10 Criticisms expressed by the United States National Committee on Foreign Medical Education and Accreditation in 1998 11 were the trigger that spurred Taiwan’s medical schools to initiate curricular reform in 2002, specifically prescribing humanistic and liberal arts education for entering medical students compara- ble to that required in the United States.
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Knowledge, attitude and behavior of college students for alcohol and tobacco, betel nut

Knowledge, attitude and behavior of college students for alcohol and tobacco, betel nut

1 大學生對於菸酒、檳榔的認知、態度與行為 Knowledge, attitude and behavior of college students for alcohol and tobacco, betel nut 何清治 1 、林姵其 2 、游秀盈 2 、黃育琇 2 、鍾艾庭 2 、邱郁鈞 2 、鄭仁鳳 2

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Knowledge of medications among patients with glaucoma in Taiwan

Knowledge of medications among patients with glaucoma in Taiwan

Adequate knowledge of medication has been recognized as one of the determinants of treatment compliance. Be- sides, adequate recall of prescribed drugs is a reflection of understanding of the treatment regimen. 12,13 The per- centage of patients able to accurately identify their drugs varies from 10.9% to 85%. 11,14 e17 Age, sex, household in- come, use of multiple medications, a low level of educa- tion, and first-time prescription of medication for glaucoma patients were associated with deficient knowledge about medication. 11,14 However, to date, research on the knowl- edge of medication on patients with glaucoma is limited. A study in the UK showed that knowledge of the name of the ocular disease and knowing the importance of the pre- scribed regimens were starting points to improve adher- ence. 18 Bloand et al., found that glaucoma patients who were non-adherent to treatment were less likely to name their medications correctly. 19 In another study, only 40% of patients showed less than 100% accuracy when tested twice about the name and dosage of glaucoma medications. 13 We conducted this study to further evaluate the knowledge and learning ability of glaucoma patients about their medica- tion. We conducted this prospective study at a glaucoma specialist clinic to investigate the level of knowledge of glaucoma patients about topical ocular hypotensive treat- ment. We also evaluated possible factors that contributed to knowledge regarding medication.
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College Students’ Perceptions of Classroom Atmosphere and Assessment Criteria in a General Education Gender Course in Taiwan

College Students’ Perceptions of Classroom Atmosphere and Assessment Criteria in a General Education Gender Course in Taiwan

Department of Marketing and Distribution Management National Pingtung Institute of Commerce, Pingtung, Taiwan, Republic of China Abstract The purpose of this study is to identify students’ perceptions of classroom atmosphere and assessment criteria in a general education gender course in a four-year college in Taiwan. A total of 312 college students completed questionnaires in the school years of 2007, 2008, and 2009. The students consist of 86 males and 222 females, and 64 freshmen, 104 sophomores, 74 juniors, and 68 seniors. Their data were merged for statistical analysis. The results show that students measured by a semantic differential scale felt relaxed, interested, willing to talk, encouraging, happy, and cheerful during the class. Gender is a significant factor (p<.05) impacting how students felt on four of the six measures with males scoring lower than females. Age is also a significant factor (p<.05) on five of the six measures with freshmen and sophomores scoring lower than juniors and seniors. The study also suggests that the male and female students would have perceived the course differently had a male teacher taught this course. As for students’ assessment criteria, a majority of students agreed with the criteria and percentages assigned by the instructor.
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Effects of a National Health Education Program on the Medication Knowledge of the Public in Taiwan,

Effects of a National Health Education Program on the Medication Knowledge of the Public in Taiwan,

To rectify the situation, in 2002, the Bureau of Pharmaceutical Affairs, Department of Health of Taiwan, began to sponsor a national effort, titled Community Education Program on Medication Use, to involve the expertise of pharmacists in public education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of this education program by analyzing the changes in knowledge of drug therapy among the participating public.

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Environmental Health Risk Perception of a Nationwide Sample of Taiwan College Students Majoring in Engineering and Health Sciences

Environmental Health Risk Perception of a Nationwide Sample of Taiwan College Students Majoring in Engineering and Health Sciences

Risk ranking, on the other hand, provides information about the relative riskiness among the hazards, and its differences between different participant groups are indicative of potential risk perception gaps. The interpretation of rank difference, however, needed to be exercised with caution, especially when the differences in rank and/or mean risk ratings are small. In this study, we identified a number of risk perception similarities as well as gaps between the students and professors. Amongst, a notable similarity is that both groups ranked virus and bacteria infectious diseases as the second and fifth risky hazards, while they ranked nano- products and caffeinated drinks as the least risky hazards. The high perceived risk of infectious diseases may due in part by the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic in 2003, resulting in 346 cases and 37 deaths in Taiwan (WHO, 2004). A phone-interview study of 1,028 Taiwan residents showed that 75.1 % of the respondents consider SARS of high or very high fatal risk (Liu et al. 2005). Perception gaps, on the other hand, are of special interests from educational and research perspectives. For example, the students perceive contaminated groundwater, nuclear power plant, contaminated soil, and electromagnetic radiation of significantly higher risk (by mean risk rating and by risk rank) than the professors; on the other hand, they perceive environmental tobacco smoke, tobacco smoking, indoor air pollution, outdoor air pollution, and alcohol hazard of lower relative risk (only by rank) than the professors. In the latter case, the perception gaps may be larger than the data indicated considering the students are generally more sensitive to the hazards. These gaps highlight areas of interest for additional educational and risk communication efforts. More specifically, the students should be informed that certain hazards existed in their daily chronic exposure may be more risky than they perceive, while others do not.
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Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Junior High and Senior High School Students in Taiwan

Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Junior High and Senior High School Students in Taiwan

Abstract BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of death in the world. This article describes and compares tobacco use prevalence for students attending junior high schools and senior high schools in Taiwan. METHODS: This report uses data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) completed among 4689 junior high school students and 4426 senior high school students in Taiwan in 2004-2005.

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Social determinants of alcohol drinking behaviors among outsorucing construction workers in Taiwan

Social determinants of alcohol drinking behaviors among outsorucing construction workers in Taiwan

contributed to the overestimation of the prevalence of IBS in our study. However, we observed no sex difference insusceptibility to IBS between the IBS and non-IBS patients in this study, which supports the findings of previous studies investigating IBS in Asian populations, including

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Social determinants of alcohol drinking behaviors among outsorucing construction workers in Taiwan

Social determinants of alcohol drinking behaviors among outsorucing construction workers in Taiwan

1. Characteristics of outsourcer Larger, public or high-end projects implemented alcohol management measures better; on the contrary, individual property owner exerted minimal alcohol management. The examples of total alcohol inhibition workplace were private or public industrial zone development projects and public transportation projects. The reasons included that larger project owners employed full-time safety inspectors, government inspectors visited these worksites more often, and the owners value their reputations so high that they tried hard to avoid any workplace injury. Large prime contractors bid for public projects and their safety records are to be examined so they also applied strict alcohol management policy. Generally speaking, technological industry had stricter alcohol management policy than construction industry. Some technological plant managers perform alcohol breathalyzer tests to outsourced workers. Safety inspectors in a few
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SURVEY OF UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGE COUNSELING CENTERS’

SURVEY OF UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGE COUNSELING CENTERS’

APPENDIX I. SURVEY OF UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGE COUNSELING CENTERS’ CURRENT SERVICE STATUS The purpose of this survey is to understand the services of university and college counseling centers across Taiwan, as a reference to comprehend the current status. This survey originates from the International Association of Counseling Services (IACS), and has been translated, simplified, and adjusted. The information you provide will be for academic use only with no individual analysis. Please answer all the questions truthfully. It is suggested that the survey be filled out by the center’s director or an appointed full-time professional counseling staff. Please place the completed survey in the return envelop, and mail it back before August 15, 2006. If you have any questions or uncertainties about the survey, please contact the researcher at 0913-275-028 or e-mail lil_ic@yahoo.com. Your support and assistance are very important to this research.
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Factors Influencing Osteoporosis Prevention Knowledge and Behaviors Among Secondary Osteoporosis High Risk Population

Factors Influencing Osteoporosis Prevention Knowledge and Behaviors Among Secondary Osteoporosis High Risk Population

Results of stepwise multiple regression analyses indicated that previous expose o f osteoporosis related information, age, and educational level accounted for 42% of total variances of k[r]

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Serological survey of Toxoplasma gondii infection among slaughtered pigs in northwestern Taiwan.

Serological survey of Toxoplasma gondii infection among slaughtered pigs in northwestern Taiwan.

At necropsy the urinary bladder was severely distended. It contained watery red fluid that had a strong odor of ammonia. The mucosa was also reddened with a coarsely roughened surface. The ureters were dis- tended measuring 4 mm in diameter bilaterally, but both kidneys were grossly normal. A firm swelling, measuring 5.6 3 2.6 3 1.8 cm was present adjacent to the pelvic urethra, extending from the trigone of the urinary bladder to the caudal margin of the pelvic bone. The swelling contained a central cavity measuring 4.4 3 1.2 3 0.6 cm that contained thick opaque fluid. Aerobic cultures of this fluid were negative. The cavity did not communicate with the urethra. Microscopically the wall of the cavitated structure consisted of dense fibrous connective tissue with scattered small bundles of skeletal muscle near the outer surface.
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