Fig. 17 System block diagram of Model 1 and Model 2
5.1. Stiffness Verification of Model 1 & 2
Beginning with analytic K value helps evaluate the maximum displacement in each axis of EPFHM model 1 & 2 and provide the operational resources for experiment reference. The relationship between load and displacement which tends to linearity is derived after the experiment and it also helps the determination of experimental K value.
4.1 Methodologyof EPFHM designAccordingtothedesignmethodology from chapter three reveals that the deformation characteristics help precisely complete an EPFHM made of rough ABS by utilizing a rapid prototyping machine. Beginning with a weakened mechanism approach as thedesign process, it shows that the deformable displacement of EPFHM in each degree of freedom in translation/rotation can be driven by a PZT.
In the conceptual designof mechanisms, initial comprehension of an object mechanism is solely based on a set of given design specifications, in which what a mechanism should do 关1兴 is de- scribed. From these design specifications, certain significant struc- tural characteristics ofthe mechanism, such as the degree-of- freedom 共DOF兲, the number of links, the nature of motion, and the number of independent loops, etc., are usually classified as struc- tural requirements. Based strictly on structural requirements, Freudenstein and Maki 关2兴 developed a systematic approach for the conceptual designof mechanisms, where admissible mecha- nisms are enumerated. Atlases of admissible kinematic structures, such as those of kinematic structures with up to six links 关3,4兴, eight links 关5,6兴, ten links 关7–11兴, and eleven links 关12兴 have been established during the past three decades. Following the enumera- tion of admissible kinematic structures, ground link is assigned and joint types are labeled in as many nonisomorphic ways as possible in search of candidate mechanisms. Since only structural requirements are used to enumerate candidate mechanisms in this approach, the needs for human ingenuity and experience involved can be substantially alleviated. Functional requirements together with design constraints are then used for further viability evalua- tion. As a result, feasible mechanisms that fulfill design specifica- tions are obtained by the way of rejecting those candidate mecha- nisms failed in the evaluation process. Figure 1 shows theprocedureof this approach. This approach had been a major breakthrough in the pursuit of systematic approaches for the con- ceptual designof mechanisms, and had been widely applied to a variety of applications 关13–20兴. However, numerous infeasible mechanisms are subsumed since only structural requirements are considered in the enumeration of candidate mechanisms. Thus, in turn, it leads to circumstances, where infeasible mechanisms need to be carefully screened out from enumerated candidate mecha- nisms, resulting in a tedious and inefficient process.
inter-rater reliability. The final step was to assess those CD-ROM titles by means ofthe chosen instrument.
In the process ofthe evaluation, I first ran through every interface and presentation of those CD-ROM titles to gain a comprehensive view of what the program was and to check if there was any potential problem that users might encounter while running the program on their computers. I then ran the program in details to compare the similarities and differences ofthe three CD-ROMs accordingtothe Ioannou-Georgiou’s evaluation criteria. The last step is to discuss their
Center Septum No. 3 was used in the measurement. The charac- teristic impedance was designed to be 50.4 Ω, which is slightly higher than 50 Ω to allow for a possible loading effect when inserting the probe under test into the cell . The impedances at the adaptor and the section near the top have obvious de- viations from thedesign goal; the causes have been previously explained. However, the values are still good enough for match- ing. The average characteristic impedance in the 60–235-cm range is 50.8 Ω, which is very close tothe designed value.
each student was interviewed only once. Since the sub-sample interviews were held twice during the study and once after the study, eighteen students 2 were interviewed for this study.
The interview comprised four essential open-ended questions and twenty sub-questions based on the research questions (see Appendix G). The first two questions mainly focused on students’ perceptions of role-play as a class activity and suggestions on the conduction of role-play tasks, and they were used for the sub-sample interviews held during the study. The last two questions concerned students’ perceptions of role-play as a useful means of English language learning and how they felt toward the two role-play formats in this study. These questions were used for the sub-sample interviews held after the study. Although the content and procedures of interview was planned in advance, I modified the questions accordingtothe interviewee’s response. Furthermore, the modification ofthe interview questions was made accordingto students’ participation and performance in role-play tasks.
Second, accordingtothe results from the modified VIKOR method with the IWs ofthe DANP (Table 8), decisions regarding the MND’s application of EVM may differ for different units in terms of their capabilities in the management of different projects. The results confirm that the development of EVM elements and the wide acceptance of EVM worldwide may not guarantee that EVM application will be successful for all projects in all organizations. In other words, organizations will use a systematic procedureto thor- oughly analyze application situations at different levels when making suitable application decisions for all units within an organization. The members ofthe ET emphasized the fact that the numerical results from the modified VIKOR method and the DANP were essential for the MND, which had no prior experience in applying the EVM and encountered many different application situations in each subordinate unit. If the HMCDM procedure had not been used, the application decisions would have been identical for all units once top management had made the decision to apply EVM.
R R R
The prediction distribution and the R 2 valueof 0.8963 suggested that the MLR model was sufficient to predict inhibition activity. However, MLR model over-predicted several inhibitory activities due tothe less descriptive nature ofthe linear model. For the SVM regression model, almost all training set data points were distributed within 95% confidence interval except for a few outliers (Figure 5B). This also applied to most ligands in the test set. The SVM regression model had high correlation and low ε-insensitive loss, making the SVM regression a sensitive model for predicting inhibitor binding activity. Predicted pIC 50 ofthe 16 TCM candidates using the generated MLR and SVM models are summarized in Table 4.
151 Power Crisis
During the power crisis in New Zealand this winter (caused by a shortage of rain and hence low levels in the hydro dams), a contingency scheme was developed to turn off the power to areas ofthe country in a systematic, totally fair, manner. The country was divided up into N regions (Auckland was region number 1, and Wellington number 13). A number, m, would be picked ‘at random’, and the power would first be turned off in region 1 (clearly the fairest starting point) and then in every m’th region after that, wrapping around to 1 after N , and ignoring regions already turned off. For example, if N = 17 and m = 5, power would be turned off tothe regions in the order:1,6,11,16,5,12,2,9,17,10,4,15,14,3,8,13,7.
various condition are comparing simulation results with experimental
measurement at TE mode, TM mode for 1.55 um of wavelength,
respectively. We can prove that our experimental results are well to
approach the calculations. In Chapter 4, we will test the virus, DNA and
Differences between Aboriginal health research - accordingtothe degree of urbanization
Associated with the indigenous people in the past found that the plight of indigenous people in Taiwan significantly higher than non- indigenous people, many of which have been discovered, Mountain mortality situation of indigenous people in Taiwan are much higher than the phenomenon, and whether ranked in the top ten causes of death, disease prevalence and other conditions also vary
Chung-Yuan Christian University
Wednesday, August 15, 2001—10:15–11:45 AM
Forum Paper, Table 43—Management Accounting
This paper experimentally examines the interactions between incentive inten- sity and thevalueof communication be- tween owner and manager. Seven hypoth- eses based on the comparative statics predictions of a Bayesian game model are tested. The experimental results from six laboratory market settings reveal several important conclusions. First, communi- cation is valuable in mitigating manager’s dysfunctional behavior of giving up in- novation project. Second, thevalueof communication could be hurt by a high incentive intensity. This result may par- tially explain the empirically weaker in- centive intensity than theory prediction.
2. Now the teacher wants to find a 1 with these 3 programs. He simply changes the line "const n=10;" to "const n=1;", then re-compiles and runs the programs. Which ofthe above programs give(s) the correct answer?
A. Student 1 only B. Student 1 and 2 only C. Student 2 and 3 only D. All of them
“Priority Watch List” country for four consecutive years from 2001.
S ince Taiwan’s accession tothe World Trade Organization (the
“WTO”) in 2002, Taiwan has performed most of its accession commitments, including abiding by various WTO agreements, regularly reviewing domestic laws, regulations and measures for compliance and making appropriate amendments. For the past year or so, the Taiwan government has expended substantial efforts on intellectual property rights protection. The Ministry of Economic Affairs (the “MOEA”) and each of its relevant agents and units continue to implement the action plans on intellectual property rights protection, and to combine the resources ofthe prosecutors, police, investigators and each of its departments for injecting them with full strength into various tasks on intellectual property rights protection, whether on legislation amendments, counterfeit and piracy crackdowns, border control enhancements and promotional and educational expansions, which are noticeable and concrete achievements.
We examined the agreement among these five definitions and explored their relationship with risk factors of cardiovascular disease in a Taiwan population.
Methods: A total of 1305 subjects aged 40 years and over in Taiwan were analyzed.
Biomedical markers and anthropometric indices were measured. Agreement among definitions was determined by the kappa statistic. Logistic regression models were fit to estimate the odds of a high cardiovascular risk group for five definitions of MetS.
4.4 Effect of Micro-EDM variables on overcut
The response surface plots, as shown in Fig. 6, demonstrate the effect of different Micro-EDM variables on overcut.
Figure 6a shows the effect of pulse off-time and peak current on overcut. Minimum overcut occurs for a minimum level pulse off-time and a middle level of peak current. It is clear from Fig. 6a that the middle level of peak current is best for lower overcut. Figure 6b shows the effect of pulse on-time and peak current on overcut. It can be seen that minimum overcut occurs for a minimum level pulse on-time and middle level of peak current, but the effect of peak current is greater than that of pulse on-time. Figure 6c shows the effect of electrode rotation speed and peak current on overcut. The general form ofthe 3D relationship is similar to that ofthe previous figure. Figure 6d shows the effect of pulse off-time and pulse on-time on overcut. Both variables have a non-liner effect on overcut. As the pulse off-time is increased, overcut is increased, as it is for an increase in pulse on-time. Figure 6e presents the effect of electrode rotation speed and pulse on-time on overcut. An increased pulse on-time does not cause a lower overcut at
10. In general, viatical settlements are ethical. In the case of a viatical settlement, it is simply an exchange of cash today for payment in the future, although the payment depends on the death ofthe seller. The purchaser ofthe life insurance policy is bearing the risk that the insured individual will live longer than expected. Although viatical settlements are ethical, they may not be the best choice for an individual. In a Business Week article (October 31, 2005), options were examined for a 72 year old male with a life expectancy of 8 years and a $1 million dollar life insurance policy with an annual premium of $37,000. The four options were: 1) Cash the policy today for $100,000. 2) Sell the policy in a viatical settlement for $275,000. 3) Reduce the death benefit to $375,000, which would keep the policy in force for 12 years without premium payments. 4) Stop paying premiums and don’t reduce the death benefit. This will run the cash valueofthe policy to zero in 5 years, but the viatical settlement would be worth $475,000 at that time. If he died within 5 years, the beneficiaries would receive $1 million. Ultimately, the decision rests on the individual on what they perceive as best for themselves. The values that will affect thevalueofthe viatical settlement are the discount rate, the face valueofthe policy, and the health ofthe individual selling the policy.
Introduction: We report a noninvasive method for recording the deviation ofthe anterior chest wall (ACW) in patients with pectus excavatum before and after the insertion and removal of a Nuss bar.
Patients and Method: All patients undergoing the Nuss procedure at our institutions between June 2008 and February 2009 were enrolled in this study. A thermal plastic strip was used to cast the ACW at the skin level along the area corresponding tothe tract ofthe inserted bar. The height ofthe ACW was defined as the perpendicular length from the xiphoid process tothe transverse line drawn between the 2 midaxillary points.