Several limitations exist within our findings. First, the results of MLM could not identify the influence of group composition for the percentage of student clients with internalizing problems. While student clients with internalizing problems had the highest proportion in this research. Future studies may want to examine the influence of group composition, specifically with the student clients with internalizing problems.
Second, as mentioned above, the results for the influences of group composition with fewer student clients with hidden problems demand further explanation. Further research is clearly needed to understand better about student clients with hidden problems. Third, the sample size was small and consisted of only Taiwanese participants. This limits the research’s generalizability to other populations. Future research can continue to enhance the understanding of the impacts of member characteristics and group composition, by expanding the data collection to other populations.
Despite these limitations, this is the first research that we know of that has qualitatively examined the influence of student clients’ characteristics and group composition for the children and adolescents’ emotional group. In addition, we had considered the nested data and used MLM to conduct analysis, that allows the
simultaneous examination of the effects of group level and individual level variables on individual level outcomes (Diez Roux, 2002). The results found in this research are of potential clinical implications. School counselors may wish to provide interventions for student clients with emotional disturbance. The results of current research could provide guidelines for counselors to choose potential student clients for the group intervention.
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