m4 goi1 , maai4 daan1

m4 goi1 , 埋 單 。

please , check the bill

請給我結賬 請給我結賬請給我結賬 請給我結賬。。

How much is this pair of shoes/socks?

ni1 deoi3 haai4 / mat6 gei2 cin2 aa3

ni1 對 鞋 / 襪 幾 錢 aa3

this pair shoes / socks how much




jat1 baak3 baat3 sap6 ng5 man1

一 百 八 十 五 man1

one hundred eight ten five dollar . 一百八十五元

一百八十五元一百八十五元 一百八十五元。。What colours are available?

jau5 me1 je5 sik1 aa3

有 me1 je5 色 aa3


have what colour


有什麼顏色 有什麼顏色 有什麼顏色??

This one please.

ni1 gin6 / tiu4 / deoi3 aa1 , m4 goi1

ni1 件 / 條 / 對 aa1 , m4 goi1

this / / pair , please

謝謝你 謝謝你 謝謝你


Introduction to the Cantonese Dialect

How much do these vegetables cost per catty?

di1 coi3 gei2 zin2 gan1 aa3

di1 菜 幾 錢 斤 aa3

these vegetable how much catty

這些菜一斤多少錢 這些菜一斤多少錢這些菜一斤多少錢 這些菜一斤多少錢???

How much are these apples?

ping4 gwo2 dim2 maai6 aa3

蘋 果 點 賣 aa3

apple how much

這些蘋果多少錢 這些蘋果多少錢 這些蘋果多少錢 這些蘋果多少錢???

Would you please tell me where the washroom is?

ceng2 man6 sai2 sau2 gaan1 hai2 bin1 dou6

請 問 洗 手 間 hai2 bin1 dou6

please ask wash hand room at where

請問洗手間在哪兒 請問洗手間在哪兒 請問洗手間在哪兒 請問洗手間在哪兒???

Would you please tell me the way to the MTR station?

ceng2 man6 gong2 tit3 zaam6 dim2 heoi3

請 問 港 鐵 站 dim2 去 ?

please ask MTR station how go

請問港鐵站怎樣去 請問港鐵站怎樣去 請問港鐵站怎樣去 請問港鐵站怎樣去???

Stop please.

m4 goi1 jau5 lok6

m4 goi1 有 落 。

please stop (to alight).

請停車 請停車請停車 請停車。。。

Cantonese is a tonal language. Each syllable has a special tone associated with its meaning. A tone is a distinctive relative pitch in the range of one’s voice. We commonly use six tones in Cantonese. In Jyutping, tone marks appear at the end of the syllables.

Examples: fu1 (夫), fu2 (虎), fu3 (副), fu4 (扶), fu5 (婦), fu6 (父)

Introduction to the Cantonese Dialect

Tones can change the meaning of the words. For example:

sing1 kei4 jat1 sing1 kei4 jat6

星 期 一 星 期 日

Monday Sunday

Here below is a sketch illustrating the relative pitch curves of the six tones in Cantonese:

The 1st tone is the high level tone: it stays more or less at the same high pitch for the syllable duration.

The 2nd tone is the high rising tone: it starts at a fairly low pitch and normally rises above the pitch of the 1st tone.

The 3rd tone is the mid level tone: it is a steady pitch around the middle tone of a person’s voice and is considered as a comfortable tone of one’s voice.

The 4th tone is the low falling tone: it starts from a low pitch and falls to a fairly low pitch.

The 5th tone is the low rising tone: it starts in the same pitch as the 2nd tone but only rises to about the mid level tone.

The 6th tone is a low level tone: it stays at a constant low pitch for its duration of the syllable.

Introduction to the Cantonese Dialect

There are 19 common “Initials (聲母聲母聲母聲母)”:

b (爸) dad dad daddad

p (怕) panic panic panic panic

m (媽) mom mom mom mom

f (花) flower flowerflower


d (打) hit hithit hit

t (他) he he hehe

n (那) that thatthat


l (啦) la lala

la (final (final (final (final particle) particle) particle) particle) g (家)

homehome homehome

k (卡) cardcard cardcard

ng (牙) tooth tooth tooth tooth

h (蝦) shrimp shrimp shrimp

shrimp gw (瓜)

melon melonmelon melon

kw (跨) step across step across step across

step across

w (蛙) frog frog frogfrog z (渣)

dregs dregs dregs dregs

c (叉) fork fork


s (沙) sand sandsand sand

j (也) also alsoalso also

There are 51 common “Finals (韻母韻母韻母)”: 韻母

i 思 ip 攝 it 洩 ik 識 im 閃 in 先 ing 升

iu 消 yu 書

yut 雪

yun 孫

u 夫

ut 闊 uk 福

un 歡 ung 風 ui 灰

e 些

ek 石

eng 鄭 ei 四

eot 摔

eon 詢

eoi 需 oe 鋸

oek 腳


o 可

ot 喝 ok 學

on 看 ong 康 oi 開 ou 好

ap 汁 at 侄 ak 則 am 斟 an 珍 ang 增 ai 擠 au 周 aa 渣 aap 集 aat 扎 aak 責 aam 站 aan 讚 aang

掙 aai 齋 aau 嘲

In document ‘University-School Support Programme: Supporting Secondary Schools in the Teaching and Learning of Chinese for non-native learners’ (Page 57-61)

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