歐洲職業教育與訓練教育品質保證制度探討與啟示

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˪㔁做埴㓧冯姽揹⬠↲˫ 2013 ⸜ 12 㚰炻䫔⋩ℕ㛇炻枩 65-98

ዉࢸᙛཾఀىᇄଋጛఀىࠢ፴߳ᜌڙ࡙!

௤ଆᇄంҰ!

Ḷ㈧⸛ˣ㜿ᾆ⛯ġ

ᄢġ ौ

冒⽆㈨⮰㟉昊彎䎮䵄⎰姽揹ẍἮ炻忼ㆸ姽䫱⃒≋ˣ䘤㍀⓷柴ˣ⮶⺽㕡⎹ˣ䜋Ὣ㓡忚 ⍲庼⮶⺢嬘䫱≇傥炻Ữṵ⬀⛐叿姽揹㧁㸾ᶨ农⊾ˣ旸⇞⎬㟉䈡刚䘤⯽ˣ⬠㟉䇕⍾姽 揹ㆸ䷦⮶农屯㸸拗伖䫱⓷柴ˤ㓭䁢⻟⊾姽揹⃒溆᷎㓡┬ᶵ嵛ᷳ嗽炻忚ᶨ㬍㍉埴娵⎗ ⇞姽揹烊Ữ⤪ỽἧ娚枭㓧䫾㍐≽㚜䁢䱦忚炻᷎䲵ℍ⑩岒ᾅ嫱ἄ㱽炻ῤ⼿忚ᶨ㬍㍊妶 冯㓡忚ˤ㛔㔯ẍ㔯䌣↮㜸慸㶭䵄⎰姽揹ˣ娵⎗⇞姽揹⍲⑩岒ᾅ嫱斄Ὢ炻㖶䡢↠栗⓷ 柴↮㜸慵溆炻᷎啱䓙㔯ẞ↮㜸㱽⯙㫸䚇䷙⎹㨇斄Ⰼ䳂㓧䫾㍐≽⍲㨓⎹㗪攻䘤⯽傰䴉 ↮㜸炻⏰䎦↮㜸⮵尉⬴㔜ℐ尴炻⯙䞼䨞䳸㝄㍸↢⚃枭℟橼⎗埴⺢嬘烉ᶨˣ娵⎗⇞姽 揹⻟⊾䷦㓰屔ả冯⑩岒⻟⊾䚖㧁烊Ḵˣ娵⎗⇞姽揹ㅱ䲵ℍ⑩岒㓡┬⍲冒ㆹ⍵䚩㔯 ⊾烊ᶱˣ娵⎗⇞姽揹ㅱ⻟婧⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⃭↮⍫冯烊⚃ˣ娵⎗⇞姽揹ㅱ䘤⯽ᶨ农⿏㍐ ≽䫾䔍ˤ昌ᶲ徘⺢嬘⢾炻㚜ㅱ圵ℍ冢䀋䘬䣦㚫㔯⊾䘤⯽傰䴉炻䘤⯽䫎⎰冢䀋⚳ねᷳ 圵⎰㔁做㓧䫾炻㛇⛐㖊㚱⃒列ᷳ➢䢶ᶳ炻䘤⯽∝㕘䘬㔁做䫾䔍炻㗱⋯⃰忚⚳⭞ᷳ㜿ˤ 斄挝娆烉㈨⮰㟉昊ˣ娵⎗⇞ˣ⑩岒ᾅ嫱ˣ㔁做姽揹 ____________________ Ḷ㈧⸛炷忂妲ἄ侭炸烉⚳䩳冢䀋ⷓ䭬⣏⬠ⶍ㤕㔁做⬠䲣⌂⢓῁怠Ṣˤ 暣⫸悝ẞ烉tristonyukimo@yahoo.com.tw 㜿ᾆ⛯烉㔁做悐䞼䨞≑䎮ˤ暣⫸悝ẞ烉joanlin@mail.moe.gov.tw

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Journal of Educational Administration and Evaluation December, 2013, Vol. 16, pp. 65-98

Discussion and Reflection on the Quality

Assurance of Vocational Education and

Training Education in Europe

Cheng-Ping Yu, Yu-Jun Lin

Abstract

Ever since the holistic evaluation system was established for vocational schools, topics such as rating fairness, problem discovery, improvement directions, and consulting have been addressed. However, there remain issues such as standardization, school distinctiveness, resource allocation. In order to address these issues and further improve the current evaluation system, the concept of quality assurance is one solution worth looking into. This study uses literature review as a means of studying and understanding how quality assurance relates to evaluation systems. We analyze the European Union’s institutional policies and how they have evolved over time in order to obtain a complete picture. Our results are as follows: (1) Accreditation reviews strengthen quality goals. (2) Accreditation evaluation should include quality improvement and self review mechanisms. (3) Accreditation evaluations should involve all concerned parties. (4) Accreditation evaluations should be rolled out consistently. In addition to the above, we believe that evaluation systems should adhere to Taiwan’s social situation and culture, in order to improve the overall quality of Taiwan’s education system.

Keywords: vocational and technological college and university, accreditation, quality assurance, educational evaluation

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Cheng-Ping Yu (corresponding author): Doctoral Candidate / Department of Industrial Education, National Taiwan Normal University. E-mail: tristonyukimo@yahoo.com.tw Yu-Jun Lin: Research Assistant / Ministry of Education. E-mail: joanlin@mail.moe.gov.tw

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൦ȃࠉِ!

冢䀋⛐⮰䥹ˣ㈨埻⬠昊䧵㤝㓡⎵䁢ˬ⣏⬠˭ᶳ炻➢䢶㈨借橼䲣⶚怕⇘♜慵䟜⢆炻 㰺㚱䈡刚ˣ仢᷷⮎ἄ傥≃䘬䔊㤕䓇炻㶒䁢檀ᶵㆸỶᶵ⯙䘬ᶨ佌炻㖊⻶ᶵᶳ儘 ㈨埻 ⶍἄ炻Ṏ䃉傥≃⍾⼿卩劙䘥柀ⶍἄˤᶼẍ⼨㈨⮰㟉昊姽揹㍉䫱䫔⇞炻㭷ᾳ⬠㟉悥塓 ⣿䓐䚠⎴䘬姽揹㊯㧁炻᷎䓐姽揹䳸㝄⮯⬠㟉↮䫱ˣ↮䳂炻Ữ㈨⮰㟉昊⤪ỽ␴冢⣏ˣ 㶭⣏㊤烎㔁做悐䁢妋㰢㬌ᶨ⓷柴炻㕤 103 ⬠⸜⹎攳⥳㍐≽娵⎗⇞姽揹炻嬻⬠㟉冒⶙ 嶇冒⶙㭼炻ㇵ傥↠栗䈡刚炷⼕㻋㻒炻2013炸ˤ⯌℞炻䔞㇨㚱⣏⮰㟉昊悥ẍ䚠⎴㧁㸾忚 埴姽揹㗪炻屯㸸ᶵ⣂䘬㈨⮰㟉昊䁢㺧嵛㇨㚱姽揹暨㯪炻⍵侴忈ㆸ屯㸸↮㔋炻昌䃉㱽 普ᷕ屯㸸㛅䈡⭂䈡刚䘤⯽炻Ṏ忈ㆸ㈨⮰㟉昊⬠埻⊾ᷳ嵐⎹ˤ 䇘㬌炻䁢⚈ㅱ娵⎗⇞姽揹ᷳ⮎㕥炻㈨⮰㟉昊 103 ⬠⸜⹎姽揹㊯㧁惵⎰ᾖ妪炻㍉ 㓡列⺷娵⎗⇞㧉⺷炻慵夾廠ℍ朊冯䓊↢朊䘬忋䳸炻ẍ⍲㊩临ᶵ㕟㓡忚䘬徜⚰⑩岒ᾅ 嫱㧉⺷ˤ᷎䓙⬠㟉冒妪䚖㧁冯⏰䎦彎⬠䈡刚炻ẍㇻ䟜ᶨ橼怑䓐䘬姽揹㧁㸾炷㈨⮰㟉 昊姽揹屯妲䵚炻2011炻2013a烊⻝⽫⿉炻2012烊昛㋗怈炻2012炸ˤ⎴㗪炻⛐㔁做悐夷 ∫ˬ㔁做悐Ṣㇵ➡做䘥䙖㚠˭㈨借㔁做埴≽㕡㟰ᷳᶨ炻⌛⛐㍸⋯㈨借㔁做⑩岒⍲⚳

晃⊾䘤⯽烉䳸⎰⬠㟉䈡刚婧㔜姽揹㧉⺷䁢ˬ冒ㆹ⑩岒ᾅ嫱˭炷self quality assurance炸炻

ᶨ㕡朊⮶⺽䷦⃒⬠㟉德忶冒ㆹ姽揹㨇⇞炻ẍ冒ㆹ⑩岒䭉㍏ẋ㚧⢾悐姽揹炻ᶨ㕡朊檮 䴩瀃灖⿏姽揹炻ㇻ䟜ᶨ橼怑䓐ᷳ㓰㧁炻ἧ⬠㟉⼿ẍ䘤㎖℞䈡刚炻ᾦ德忶⇞灏⺽⮶⬠ 㟉彎⬠嵐⎹⣂⃫炻㺧嵛檀䫱㔁做⣂⃫⊾䘤⯽ᷳ暨㯪炷㔁做悐炻2013a炸ˤ 䵄⎰侴妨炻㈨⮰㟉昊姽揹⶚⽆䫱䫔⇞怩ℍ娵⎗⇞炻᷎⎗ὅ⬠㟉䈡刚䘤⯽冒ㆹ姽 揹㊯㧁炻⏰䎦℞彎⬠䷦㓰炻䃉枰ℵẍ╖ᶨ㧁㸾䠔⣿䓐㕤ᶵ⎴栆✳⬠㟉ˤṎ⌛⬠㟉⎗ ẍ堉慷㛔幓ⷓ屯姕⁁䫱屯㸸炻妪⭂⬠㟉䘤⯽䚖㧁⍲䈡刚炻䃉枰忚埴㟉晃㭼庫炻慵夾 岒侴朆慷䘬⏰䎦炻⽆侴忼ㆸ㊩临㓡┬ᷳ⑩岒䱦忚㨇⇞炻ẋ堐冢䀋㈨⮰㟉昊姽揹⚈ㅱ ⚳晃䘤⯽嵐⊊炻⽆⢾悐姽揹㛅ℏ悐姽揹ᷳ⑩岒ᾅ嫱㧉⺷䘤⯽ˤ 侴揹㕤㈨借㔁做ᷳ濊䩛炻㓠斄⚳⭞䴻㾇䘤⯽炻㇨➡做ᷳṢㇵ䳈岒潏㗗㰢⭂⚳⭞ 㛒潻䪞䇕濘䘬斄挝炻埴㓧昊䴻㾇⺢姕⥼⒉㚫㕤ˬ䴻㾇≽傥㍐⋯㕡㟰˭㇨妪㓧䫾㕡憅 ᶱˬ⻟⊾䓊㤕Ṣㇵ➡妻˭ᷕ炻⮯ˬ䳸⎰䓊㤕暨㯪炻㓡忚㈨借㔁做˭濪䁢Ṣㇵ➡做朊 ⎹䘬慵天䫾濄ἄ䁢炷埴㓧昊䴻㾇⺢姕⥼⒉㚫炻2012烊唕䌱䛇炻2013炸ˤ䁢⸛堉⚳ℏṢ ≃ὃ暨ˣ句⮎䴻㾇≽傥㍐⋯㕡㟰⍲⚆ㅱ⢾䓴⮵㈨借㔁做䘬㛇⼭炻㔁做悐㤕ὅ冢䀋㔜 橼䑘⠫冯䣦㚫暨㯪嬲⊾炻᷎⍫侫⽟⚳ˣ㽛㳚⍲㖍㛔䫱⃰忚⚳⭞㈨借㔁做ᷳἄ㱽炻㍸ ↢䫔Ḵ㛇㈨借㔁做ℵ忈妰䔓炻㛇傥㍸⋯㈨借㔁做䪞䇕≃炻ℵ䎦冢䀋㈨借㔁做㥖㘗炷唕 䌱䛇炻2013炸ˤ

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⎎⢾炻ᶾ䓴⎬⚳⛐忚埴䫔ᶱ䳂㔁做炷tertiary education炸䚠斄⑩岒䭉㍏㗪炻㇨ἧ 䓐ᷳ⎵䧙᷎ᶵᶨ农炻⤪婾⍲伶⚳㗪炻忂ⷠẍˬ娵⎗˭炷accreditation炸忚埴㍊妶烊婾⍲ 㫸䚇⍲㽛㳚㗪炻⇯㚫ἧ䓐ˬ⑩岒ᾅ嫱˭炷quality assurance) 炷䌳㖶㸸炻2011烊喯拎渿炻 2008炸烊ょ冢䀋㈨借㔁做㓧䫾夷∫冯㍐≽炻⣂⍫侫⽟⚳ˣ㽛㳚⍲㖍㛔䫱⚳⭞ἄ㱽炻Ữ ⽟⚳冯㽛㳚⛯㍉ˬ⑩岒ᾅ嫱˭㧉⺷炻䡢ᾅ㈨借㔁做橼䲣䔊㤕ᷳ⬠䓇℟⁁嵛⣈⚈ㅱ⯙ 㤕ⶪ⟜ᷳ⮰攨⍲⮰㤕傥≃炻㓭㕤㔁做悐 103 ⬠⸜⹎㍐≽㓡列⺷娵⎗⇞姽揹⇵炻憅⮵ 㫸㳚㍐≽借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱㧉⺷Ḱẍ㍊妶↮㜸炻ᾦ傥㍸↢冢䀋䚠斄㓧䫾夷∫ ᷳ⺢嬘ˤ 㛔㔯ẍ㔯䌣↮㜸慸㶭姽揹ˣ娵⎗⇞姽揹⍲⑩岒ᾅ嫱攻斄Ὢ傰䴉⍲℞℟橼ℏ㵝炻 ⎎ẍ㔯ẞ↮㜸㱽炻↮㜸㫸㳚㒂ẍ⺢䩳借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱㨇⇞㓧䫾ᷳ⎬枭㔯 ẞ炻⊭㊔㫸㳚嬘㚫妪⭂ᷳ⎬枭⍫侫㝞㥳炻㫸䚇➟⥼㚫妪⭂ᷳ⎬枭㓧䫾夷∫⺢嬘㕡㟰 ⍲⑩岒㊯㧁炻㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯➡妻⑩岒ᾅ晄㨇㥳炷European Quality Assurance in Vocational Education and Training˳EQAVET˴炸妪⭂⎬枭㓧䫾➟埴㕡㟰ˣℙ忂⍇⇯⍲ ⍫侫㔯ẞ炻䘤⯽ᾳ⇍⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎䫱ᷳ䓙ᶲ侴ᶳ䷙⎹Ⰼ䳂㓧䫾㍐≽炻᷎↮㜸⽆ 2001 ⸜崟彬Ṳᷳ㨓⎹㫸䚇⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎䘤⯽傰䴉ˤᷣ天吸普䎦㚱䘬⎬䳂⭀㕡㔯ẞ屯㕁ˣ 㑵ἄㇳℲˣ⭋⮶ㇳℲ⍲➟埴ㆸ㝄⟙⏲䫱䚠斄㔯ẞ忚埴↮㜸炻㛇傥䱦䡢㌴㎉㫸䚇㈨借 㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎䘤⯽㬟䦳炻᷎冯㔁做悐⥼妿冢䀋姽揹⋼㚫㍐≽㟉⊁姽揹ˣ娵⎗⇞ 姽揹䚠斄㔯ẞ忚埴↮㜸炻ẍ㥳ㆸ↮㜸⮵尉⬴㔜ℐ尴炻᷎㍸↢㩊妶␴⺢嬘ˤ㒂㬌炻㛔 㔯䞼䨞䚖䘬⤪ᶳ↿Ḵ枭㇨䣢烉 ᶨˣ↮㜸㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱㓧䫾䘤⯽傰䴉⍲⬴㔜ℐ尴烊 Ḵˣ㍸↢冢䀋⮎㕥㈨埻⍲借㤕㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳ℟橼⎗埴⺢嬘ˤ ὅ㒂䞼䨞䚖䘬炻椾⃰炻⽆㈨埻⍲借㤕㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍲娵⎗⇞ℏ㵝䞼㜸烊℞㫉炻 ㍊妶㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱⮎㕥㤪㱩烊ℵ℞㫉炻斉徘冢䀋㍐≽㈨⮰㟉昊娵⎗ ⇞姽揹㓧䫾ℏ㵝烊㚨⼴炻㍸↢冢䀋㍐≽㈨⮰㟉昊娵⎗⇞圵ℍ⑩岒ᾅ嫱ㅱ㚱ᷳἄ䁢炻 ᷎㍸↢䞼䨞䳸婾冯⺢嬘ˤ

㬌⢾炻⛐⮰㚱⎵娆悐↮炻冢䀋䁢ˬ㈨埻⍲借㤕㔁做˭炷technological and vocational

education炸炷㔁做悐炻2013b炸炻㫸㳚䁢ˬ借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜˭炷vocational education and

training˳VET˴炸炻䇘㛔㔯婾徘㍉Ḵ枭⎵娆᷎↿炻᷎夾℞㔯䌣↢嗽⍲㇨⛐⛘炻⮵ㅱ怑

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ຯȃ׬೚Ѕᙛཾఀىࠢ፴߳ᜌЅᇯџڙຟᠦཎొ!

㈨借㔁做冯䴻㾇⺢姕⍲䓊㤕䘤⯽斄Ὢ⭮灎炻忶⍣㈨借㔁做➡做瀈澵⮹㈨埻Ṣ ㇵ炻忈⯙瀈冢䀋䘬䴻㾇⣯帇ˤㆹ⚳㈨借㔁做橼䲣⬴㔜炻⇞灏‍ℐ炻⬠⇞瀞䥹怑⿏⣂ ⃫炻⛐⚳⭞䴻㾇䘤⯽䘬㭷ᾳ昶㭝⛯㈖㺼叿䚠䔞慵天䘬奺刚烊ょ役濜潻㈨借⬠㟉⣏濌 㓡⇞⋯㟤炻檀借⬠䓇㻠ẍ⋯⬠䁢⮶⎹炻⺽䘤⢾䓴⮵㈨借㔁做⭂ỵ澵㖶ˣ⬠䓐潦ⶖ䘬 ㈡姽ˤ㈨借㟉昊ẍ➡梲⊁⮎农䓐䘬⮰㤕㈨埻Ṣㇵ䁢䚖㧁炻婚䦳ㅱ冯借⟜暨㯪䵲⭮䳸 ⎰炻᷎ẍ⯙㤕䁢⮶⎹炷㔁做悐炻2013a炸ˤ㓭⛐㍊妶㈨借㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱㗪炻䓙㕤℞⻟ 婧⯙㤕⮶⎹㓭㴱⍲䘬⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⍲⑩岒㺧シ㊯㧁䛦⣂炻⮶农墯暄⿏䚠⮵庫檀炻Ṏἧ ⼿㈨借㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱㍐≽庫䁢墯暄炻㓭㛔㔯↮⇍⯙㈨借㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍲娵⎗⇞姽揹 Ḱẍ婒㖶炻ẍ⺢䩳䞼䨞ᷳ➢䢶ˤ

Ιȃ׬೚Ѕᙛཾఀىࠢ፴߳ᜌ!

ỽ媪ˬ⑩岒˭烎ὅ㒂 ISO 9000: 2005 ⑩岒䭉䎮䲣䴙ᷳ⍇䎮⍲录⼁䘬⭂佑炷喯⬿ 㖶炻2010炸烉ˬˮ⑩岒˯㗗䁢ᶨ䳬⚢㚱䈡⿏㺧嵛天㯪䘬䦳⹎ˤ㓭㺧嵛天㯪䘬䦳⹎グ檀炻 ⇯⑩岒グ⤥ˤ˭㇨媪ᶨ䳬⚢㚱䈡⿏⎗夾䁢⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㇨娵⎴䘬ᶨ䳬㺧シ䦳⹎㊯㧁炻 劍䓐㕤㔁做姽揹⇯䁢姽揹㊯㧁ˤ㓭䔞⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⮵㕤娚䳬㊯㧁㺧シ䦳⹎グ檀炻⌛ẋ 堐叿㚱グ檀䘬⑩岒ˤ ℞㫉炻㇨媪ˬ㔁做⑩岒˭⎗ẍ夾䁢㔁做䘬忶䦳冯䳸㝄傥⣈忼⇘ᶨ⭂䘬㯜㸾炻℟ 㚱ᶨ⭂䈡刚炻䫎⎰⇑⭛斄ὪṢ暨㯪ㆾ㛇㛃䦳⹎炻ẍ⍲忼ㆸ䚖㧁䘬䦳⹎ˤ㇨ẍ炻ˬ㔁做 ⑩岒˭⎗ẍ婒㗗ᶨ䧖⋻崲䘬堐䎦炻ḇ⎗ẍ婒㗗ᶨ䧖⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㺧シ䘬堐䎦炻Ṏ⎗ẍ 婒㗗䚖㧁忼ㆸ䘬䦳⹎炷⏛㶭Ⱉ炻2001炸ˤ⎎㔁做⑩岒Ṏ⎗㊯ˬ䴻忶㔁做橼䲣㇨➡梲䘬 ⬠䓇炻℞䞍嬀傥≃冯忻⽟䫎⎰䣦㚫㛇㛃䘬䦳⹎炷㛶ὲ㷾炻2009炸ˤ˭㛶ὲ㷾炷2009炸 ᷎⮯ˬ⬠佺ㆸ⯙˭⍲ˬ傥≃堐䎦˭夾䁢㔁做⑩岒慵天⚈䳈炻⇵侭Ὢ⬠佺侭⛐㔁做䲣 䴙ᷕ炻℞⬠佺䳸㝄冯姕⭂䚖㧁䘬䫎⎰䦳⹎烊⼴侭㗗⬠佺侭暊攳⬠㟉⼴䘬⎬㕡朊堐䎦 冯䣦㚫暨㯪⣹⎰䦳⹎ˤ

ὅ㒂倗⎰⚳㔁做䥹⬠㔯⊾䳬䷼炷United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural

Organization˳UNESCO˴炸⭂佑炻㇨媪⑩岒ᾅ嫱䁢ᶨ枭⊭⏓䛦⣂柀➇ᷳ⮰㤕埻婆炻℞

⎗夾䁢ᶨ枭㊩临ᶵ㕟䘬姽Ộ忶䦳炷⊭⏓姽慷ˣ䚋䜋ˣᾅ晄ˣ䵕㊩⍲㓡┬炸烊⎴㗪炻⑩

岒ᾅ嫱Ὢ德忶䳬䷼⎴シᷳᶨ农忶䦳⍲䁢⣏⭞㇨㍍⍿ᷳ夷㸾炻᷎倂䃎㕤ˬ䷦㓰屔ả⍲ 㓡┬˭ˣˬ㍸ὃ屯妲⍲⇌㕟˭䫱Ḵ枭㳣≽烊姙⣂⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎᷎⮯℞⋨↮䁢ˬℏ悐⑩

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岒ᾅ嫱˭炷ḇ⯙㗗➢㕤⑩岒䚋䜋冯㓡┬ᷳℏ悐⇞⹎䘬⮎⊁炸⍲ˬ⢾悐⑩岒ᾅ嫱˭炷ḇ ⯙㗗德忶⢾悐⑩岒ᾅ嫱㨇⇞䡢ᾅ㔁做橼䲣⍲妰䔓⑩岒炸炻⑩岒ᾅ嫱㳣≽ῂ月䎦⬀⽭天 㨇⇞炻᷎啱䓙䨑⚢䘬ℏ悐⑩岒㔯⊾ẍ㊩临忼⇘㚜Ἓ⑩岒ˤ侴⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳ䡢ᾅ⽭枰德 忶⑩岒䭉䎮ˣ⑩岒⻟⊾ˣ⑩岒䭉⇞⍲⑩岒姽慷䫱ㇳ㭝忼ㆸ炷UNESCO, 2007炸ˤ㓭ˬ⑩ 岒ᾅ嫱˭⌛㗗⮵㔜橼㨇㥳ㆾ⮰攨柀➇忚埴㚱妰䔓ˣ㚱䲣䴙䘬姽揹炾⮑㟠忶䦳炻ẍ䡢 ⭂℞㍸ὃᷳ㔁做ˣ⬠埻ㆸ㝄⍲➢䢶姕㕥䘬㧁㸾炻㬋⛐䵕㊩⍲≈⻟烊ᶼ忂ⷠ⊭㊔⮵ᶨ 怑䔞⍲㚱㓰䘬⑩岒ᾅ嫱㨇⇞ᷳ㛇㛃炷喯拎渿炻2008炸ˤ ⚈㬌炻⑩岒ᾅ嫱天㯪䡢娵ẍᶳḳ枭烉炷ᶨ炸⭂佑⑩岒㧁㸾烊炷Ḵ炸⎗䓐䘬怑䔞䦳 ⸷烊炷ᶱ炸ᶨ农䘬䚋䜋䦳⸷烊炷⚃炸ᶵᶨ农⍇⚈ᷳ↮㜸烊炷Ḽ炸德忶怑䔞䘬䞗㬋ἄ䁢炻 妋㰢⓷柴䘬ㆸ⚈炷Van den Berghe & Consultancy, 1996炸ˤ娚䦳⸷ᶵ㕟⽒䑘炻⼊ㆸ徜⚰ ⺷⑩岒ᾅ嫱㕡⺷炻忼ㆸ㊩临ᶵ㕟ᷳ⑩岒㓡┬炻䡢ᾅ⑩岒ᶵ㕟䱦忚⍲℟⁁ᶨ⭂⑩岒➢ 䢶䘬䓊↢ˤ 㓭⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᶵ枰妪⭂⑩岒ᾅ嫱䚠斄㊯㧁炻䘤⯽⑩岒䚋䜋⍲㓡忚㕡㟰炻᷎德忶 ᶨ忋ᷚ⑩岒䭉䎮䚠斄㈨埻炻㚨䳪忼ㆸ⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳ䚖䘬ˤ侴㫚忼㬌䚖䘬炻⺢䩳䳬䷼ℏ ⃒岒⑩岒㔯⊾⍲⑩岒シ嬀炻㶙㢵㕤㭷ỵㆸ⒉⽫ᷕ炻句⮎㕤㖍ⷠⶍἄ炻䁢⑩岒ᾅ嫱傥 ⏎䡢⮎⮎嶸䘬㟡➢炻᷎⛐㬌➢䢶ᶲ炻䚠斄⑩岒㓧䫾⍲ⶍ℟㍐≽炻⥳傥䓊䓇℟橼ㆸ㓰ˤ ⍰⚈⺋佑䘬㈨借㔁做⊭⏓㔁做冯妻䶜炻㓭⛐㍊妶借㤕㔁做⍲妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱㊯㧁 㗪炻⇯⽭枰⽆ᶵ⎴⑩岒朊⎹Ḱẍ↯ℍ炻᷎㒂ẍ妪⭂⎬枭⑩岒ᾅ嫱㊯㧁炻ẍ忼⇘⑩岒 ᾅ嫱䚖㧁炻↮⇍婒㖶⤪ᶳ炷Van den Berghe & Consultancy, 1996炸烉

炷ᶨ炸ġ⑩岒䁢㔁⮶⍲ʷㆾ㔁⬠㕡㱽朊⎹烉ἳ⤪炻㚱㓰䘬㔁⬠⍲妻䶜ˣ怑䔞⍲⻰⿏⬠ 佺ˣ⍲⟙⃇妰䔓ȹȹ㔁做⑩岒塓夾䁢㔁⬠⍲⬠佺忶䦳㚨Ἓ⊾ˤ 炷Ḵ炸ġ⑩岒䁢䷥橼䴻㾇朊⎹烉侫慷㔁做⍲妻䶜㈽屯ᷳ⚆㓞炷Ṏ⊭⏓ẩ㤕℔⎠炸炻ẍ⍲ ㆸ㓰⍲ㆸ㛔㓗↢⣂⮉婾溆ȹȹ㔁做⑩岒塓夾䁢㔁做⍲妻䶜ㆸ㛔㚨Ἓ⊾ˤ 炷ᶱ炸ġ⑩岒䁢䣦㚫ㆾ䣦㚫⬠朊⎹烉⊭㊔㍸ὃ℔⸛㨇㚫Ḱ⻙⊊佌橼ȹȹ⑩岒塓夾䁢⮵ 䣦㚫㔁做暨㯪ἄ㚨Ἓ⊾⚆ㅱˤ 炷⚃炸ġ⑩岒䁢栏⭊朊⎹烉⬠㟉⍲妻䶜㍸ὃ侭⚆ㅱ栏⭊炷⬠䓇ˣ暁奒⍲景ᷣ䫱炸䈡⭂ 暨㯪䘬傥≃炻ẍ⁛怆㇨暨㔁做⍲妻䶜ȹȹ㔁做⑩岒塓夾䁢暨㯪㚨Ἓ⊾ˤ 炷Ḽ炸ġ⑩岒䁢䭉䎮朊⎹烉倂䃎㕤⬠㟉ㆸ㓰⍲ℐ朊⑩岒䭉䎮炷total quality management炸

㕡㱽忳䓐㕤㔁做㨇㥳ȹȹ㔁做⑩岒塓夾䁢㔁做䳬䷼⍲忶䦳㚨Ἓ⊾ˤ

⎴㗪炻⛐㍐≽借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱㗪炻椾天姕妰⍲⭂佑⑩岒ᾅ嫱㊯㧁⍲℞ 㝞㥳炻侴⛐姕妰⑩岒㊯㧁㝞㥳㗪炻枰侫慷䚠斄慵天枭䚖ˤ㕤惵伖⑩岒㊯㧁⇵炻枰⃰ ⭂佑䑘⠫䲣䴉炻䔞℞グ㖑塓㲐慵炻⇯怠⍾⍲忳ἄ⑩岒㊯㧁㚫㚜䁢塓䑘⠫䲣䴉⚈䳈㇨

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⼙枧炻忁ṃ䑘⠫䲣䴉⚈䳈⊭㊔⬠佺侭ᾳṢ䈡岒⍲側㘗ˣ䣦⋨⼙枧ˣ⊆≽ⶪ⟜⍲⭞⹕

⚈䳈䫱枭ˤ㕤⑩岒㊯㧁㝞㥳⚾䘬枪䪗炻⭂佑ˬ⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⍲⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㛇㛃˭炻㭷ᶨ

佌⇑⭛斄ὪṢ悥䓐℞⎬冒奨溆䚳⼭ VET ⇞⹎炻ḇ⚈㬌⮵ VET ⇞⹎⁛怆㚱叿⬴ℐᶵ ⎴䘬㛇㛃炻᷎娎⚾⮳㯪⼙枧㓧䫾⍲ㆸ㓰炷Blom & Meyers, 2003炸ˤ

娛⚾ 1 ㇨䣢炻借㤕㔁做⍲妻䶜ˬ㓧䫾˭㓗惵叿㔁做⍲妻䶜⁛怆ˣ埴㓧⍲䭉䎮ᷳ

ˬ忶䦳˭炻᷎⏰䎦㕤㝞㥳⚾ᷕ攻炻ᶲ徘䁢䫔ᶨ佌⑩岒㊯㧁炻㬌ᶨ忶䦳䓊↢⌛䁢ˬ⬠佺˭ˤ

䫔Ḵ佌⑩岒㊯㧁⇯冯ㆸ㝄ʷ䓊↢㚱斄ˤ侴䭕柕忋䳸军ㆸ㝄ʷ䓊↢᷎⚆棳军ˬ⇑⭛斄 ὪṢ⍲⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㛇㛃˭堐䣢ᶨ枭⚆棳㨇⇞ˤ屯妲䴻䓙Ḵ佌⑩岒㊯㧁䮑怠⼊ㆸ⚆棳炻 ᷎䓐㕤忂䞍⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⍲㚜忚ᶨ㬍慵墯㓧䫾䘤⯽忶䦳炻⌛㗗忳䓐⑩岒㊯㧁⺢䩳⍲䵕 ㊩ VET ⇞⹎㊩临㓡┬⽒䑘ˤ℞ VET ⑩岒㊯㧁㝞㥳⤪⚾ 1炷Blom & Meyers, 2003炸ˤġ 䵄⎰侴妨炻㇨媪㈨借㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱炻⛐㕤⭂佑㇨嗽䓊㤕⍲䴻㾇䘤⯽䑘⠫䲣䴉ᶳ炻 䣦㚫⍲⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㺧シ㊯㧁枭䚖⍲㺧シ䦳⹎炻忚侴德忶⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍲㓡┬ἄ㱽ˣℏ悐 ⍲⢾悐姽Ộ䦳⸷炻ἧ⼿䴻䓙㈨借㔁做橼䲣㇨➡梲䘬⬠䓇炻℞䞍嬀ˣ傥≃冯忻⽟䫎⎰ 䣦㚫⍲⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㛇㛃炻⌛ẋ堐℟㚱㺧シ䘬⑩岒ˤ 侴⛐㍐≽㈨借㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇵炻椾天⭂佑䑘⠫䲣䴉⚈䳈炻⊭㊔㈨⮰㟉昊ℍ⬠⬠ 䓇ᾳṢ䈡岒⍲側㘗ˣ䣦⋨⼙枧ˣ⊆≽ⶪ⟜⍲⭞⹕⚈䳈䫱枭烊℞㫉炻↮㜸⍲慸㶭䈡⭂ ⇑⭛斄ὪṢ䁢ỽ烎忁ṃ⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㛇㛃䦳⹎䁢ỽ炷㺧シ䦳⹎㊯㧁炸烎㈨⮰㟉昊䔊㤕 ⬠䓇⑩岒傥䌚农䈡⭂⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㺧シ炻⌛媪普ᷕ⬠㟉屯㸸㕤ˬ䈡刚䘤⯽˭烊䫔ᶱ炻↮ 㜸夷∫㟉⊁䘤⯽㓧䫾ㆾ䫾䔍炻᷎㈽ℍ䚠斄屯㸸㕤⬠䓇⬠佺忶䦳烊㚨⼴炻⬠䓇⬠佺ㆸ 㝄ㆾ䓊↢炻ℵ冯⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㛇㛃䦳⹎ 㭼庫炷㺧シ䦳⹎㊯㧁炸炻⇑⭛斄ὪṢグ㺧シ炻 ẋ堐娚㇨㈨⮰㟉昊䔊㤕䓇⑩岒グ⤥ˤ

Πȃ׬೚Ѕᙛཾఀىᇯџڙຟᠦ!

䚖⇵㈨⮰㟉昊䫱䫔⇞㟉⊁姽揹炻Ὢ➢㕤⢾⛐娵嫱ㆾ娵⎗䘬天㯪ᶳ炻䓙⣏⬠ᷳ⢾ 䘬⛀橼Ἦ夷∫冯➟埴姽揹㳣≽炻⊭㊔㓧⹄ˣ姽揹炾娵⎗䳬䷼ㆾ⮰㤕⬠㚫䫱炻忂ⷠẍ 天㯪⣏⬠䫎⎰䷦㓰屔ả䁢℞ᷣ天䚖䘬ˤ⛐㬌ね㱩ᶳ炻⣏⬠⎒傥ˬ塓≽⛘˭㍍⍿姽揹炻 㓭姽揹⮎㕥ㆸ㓰⼨⼨ᶵ㖻⃭↮⼘栗炻⚈䁢⢾悐䘬姽揹冯⑩岒㍏⇞䔊䪇ᶵ劍⣏⬠冒䘤 䘬ℏ⛐≽≃炻㚜⭡㖻䁢䳬䷼ㆸ⒉㇨娵⎴㍍⍿ˤ䔞ᶨᾳ㨇㥳⯂㛒⺢䩳冒ㆹ䭉⇞䘬ℏ悐 姽揹㨇⇞ᷳ⇵炻⢾悐䘬䭉⇞怬㗗暨天䘬ˤょ⣏⬠ㅱ⃀慷啱䓙㷃⮹⢾⛐䘬㍏⇞≃慷炻 ẍ䘤⯽⬠埻䲣䴙ℏ悐姽揹䘬傥≃炻䘤㎖⣏⬠冒ᷣ冒㱣䘬䱦䤆炷喯拎渿炻2008炸ˤ ⎎ẍ娵⎗⇞姽揹冯䫱䫔⇞姽揹䚖䘬⋨⇍侴妨炻ẍ䷦㓰屔ả䁢⮶⎹䘬䫱䫔⇞姽揹 ⻟婧⬠㟉䘬堐䎦冯ㆸ㓰炻姽揹䳸㝄㚱≑㕤㓧⹄↮惵枸䬿ˣ⬠䓇怠㑯⬠㟉䫱烊ẍ⑩岒

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⚾ 1 VET ⑩岒㊯㧁㝞㥳⚾

屯㕁Ἦ㸸烉㔜䎮冒“Framework of VET quality indicators,” by K. Blom & D. Meyers, 2003, Quality indicators in vocational education and training: International perspectives, p. 41, Figure 3.

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⻟⊾䁢⮶⎹䘬娵⎗⇞姽揹炻⻟婧⑩岒㊩临㓡忚炻䚖䘬⛐㽨䘤⬠㟉冒ㆹ㓡忚䘬≽≃炻 ẍ䡢ᾅ℞㔁⬠⑩岒忼⇘ᶨ⭂攨㩣炷昛㋗怈炻2011炸ˤ 冢䀋 103 ⬠⸜⹎㍐≽㈨⮰㟉昊娵⎗⇞姽揹Ὢⷓ㱽伶⚳娵⎗⇞炻娚枭⇞⹎䓙檀䫱 㔁做㨇㥳ㆾ℞⬠昊炾⬠䲣炾䞼䨞㇨炾⬠䦳╖ỵ冒栀≈ℍ朆⭀㕡䘬㮹攻娵⎗䳬䷼炻ㆸ 䁢℞㚫⒉炻昌㭷⸜丛Ṍ㚫屣⢾炻᷎⭂㛇㍍⍿姽揹炻䓙℞ ↢⍿姽⮵尉ㅱ䌚⼿ᷳ娵⎗ 屯㟤冯㡅ẞ䘬⇌㕟ˤ娵⎗忶䦳ᷳᷣ天䚖䘬⛐Ὣ忚㨇㥳冯⮰攨柀➇ᶵ㕟㓡┬炻ᶼ䡢娵 ℞忼ㆸ冒妪䚖㧁䘬䦳⹎烊⎴㗪⛐⎗㍍⍿䘬㖊⭂㧁㸾ᶳ炻⮵⣏䛦㍸↢⑩岒䘬ᾅ嫱炷喯 拎渿炻2008炸ˤ娵⎗炷accreditation炸㗗ᶨ枭䓙檀䫱㔁做㨇㥳ㆾ⬠䦳炻冒栀啱䓙⣏⬠㔁 做㨇㥳ㆾ⮰㤕⿏⋼㚫䳬ㆸ䘬冒栀⿏㮹攻䳬䷼炻ẍ溻⊝⍲⋼≑⎬㟉⮎㕥冒ㆹ姽揹炻忚 侴㓡┬㔁做⑩岒炻᷎⮯⎰᷶㚨Ỷ㔁做⑩岒㧁㸾䘬⬠㟉䴎Ḱ℔攳㈧娵烊℞忶䦳㖐⛐⋼ ≑⣏⬠ㆾ⬠䦳⑩岒䘬㓡┬炻⎴㗪⮵忼ㆸ㖊⭂㔁做䚖㧁ㆾ娵⎗㧁㸾䘬⣏⬠ㆾ⬠䦳炻⎹ 䣦㚫⣏䛦㍸ὃᾅ嫱炷䌳ᾅ忚炻2006炸ˤ ᶵ婾⒒ᶨᾳ娵⎗㨇㥳䘬姽揹㕡㱽炻悥⊭㊔塓娵⎗㨇㥳䘬冒ㆹ姽揹冯娵⎗㨇㥳⮎ ⛘姒夾Ḵ䧖㕡㱽ˤ㨇㥳䘬冒ㆹ姽揹㗗娵⎗忶䦳ᷕ㚨慵天ḇ㗗㚨㚱₡ῤ䘬㳣≽炻德忶 冒ㆹ姽揹炻⎗ẍ⋼≑㩊夾㨇㥳䘬⃒⊊冯仢⣙炻䘤⯽⓷柴妋㰢㕡㟰炻ẍ⍲䡢娵ㆸ攟冯 䘤⯽䘬㨇㚫炷䌳ᾅ忚炻2006炸ˤ 侴娵⎗⇞姽揹Ὢẍˬ䫎⎰䚖㧁˭䁢⮶⎹炻ˬ⑩岒ᾅ嫱˭⇯㗗ẍˬ䫎⎰㧁㸾˭䁢⮶ ⎹ˤ⇵侭慵夾䚖㧁忼ㆸˣ冒ㆹ㭼庫␴冒ㆹ㓡┬烊⼴侭⻟婧䷦㓰␴㓡忚⽭枰忼⇘ᶨ⭂ 㧁㸾炻ἧ℟㚱ᶨ⭂⑩岒ˤ㇨ẍ娵⎗⇞姽揹⎒㗗忼⇘㚨Ỷ攨㩣㯜㸾炻侴⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇯㗗 ⽭枰℟⁁庫檀㯜㸾炷䌳Ẍ⭄ˣ⏛㶭Ⱉ炻2010炸ˤᶵ婾ˬ娵⎗⇞姽揹˭冯ˬ⑩岒ᾅ嫱˭ 晾䘮⎗Ὣ忚⍿姽㨇㥳㓡┬炻忼⇘ᶨ⭂䘬⑩岒㯜㸾炻Ữ㭼崟⎰᷶㚨Ỷ㔁做⑩岒㧁㸾Ḱ ẍ娵⎗炻⼴侭㚜䁢⻟婧㈨⮰㟉昊冒埴忼ㆸ⑩岒ᾅ嫱䘬屔ảˤ㈨⮰㟉昊䁢䡢ᾅ⑩岒冯 ㊩临㓡忚炻⽭枰憅⮵姽揹䳸㝄㍸↢℟橼㓡┬妰䔓炻᷎忚埴⭂㛇徥希侫㟠炻㚜℟ᷣ≽ 䧵㤝䘬䱦䤆ˤ⎴㗪炻⯙⚳ℏ㈨⮰㟉昊䘤⯽侴妨炻忼⇘㚨Ỷ娵⎗攨㩣㯜㸾炻⶚䴻ᶵ䫎 ⎰䣦㚫㛇㛃ˤ䣦㚫㇨天㯪䘬㗗傥⣈忼⇘怑↯䘬㧁㸾␴℟㚱㚜檀⑩岒炻ἧ⇑⭛斄ὪṢ 㺧シᷳ䘬㈨借㔁做炻㇨ẍˬ⑩岒ᾅ嫱˭天㭼ˬ娵⎗⇞姽揹˭炻㚜≈䫎⎰䣦㚫㛇⼭炷䌳 Ẍ⭄ˣ⏛㶭Ⱉ炻2010炸ˤ 䵄⎰侴妨炻ˬ䫱䫔⇞姽揹˭ẍ䷦㓰屔ả䁢⮶⎹炻⻟婧⬠㟉䘬堐䎦冯ㆸ㓰烊ˬ娵⎗ ⇞˭⇯㓡列䁢惵⎰⬠㟉䈡刚䘤⯽冒妪㊯㧁炻ᶵ 㟉晃㭼庫炻᷎㊩临忚埴⑩岒㓡┬烊 军㕤ˬ⑩岒ᾅ嫱˭⇯䁢⍿姽㨇㥳㛔幓⽭枰屈崟⑩岒ᾅ嫱䘬屔ả炻᷎䡢ᾅ⑩岒冯㊩临 㓡忚炻昌憅⮵姽揹䳸㝄㍸↢℟橼⑩岒㓡┬妰䔓炻⯂枰忚埴⭂㛇徥希侫㟠炻℟ᷣ≽䧵 㤝䈡⿏ˤ㓭ˬ䫱䫔⇞姽揹˭—ˬ娵⎗⇞姽揹˭—ˬ⑩岒ᾅ嫱˭䘤⯽㬟䦳炻⛐㕤徸㬍 旵Ỷ⢾悐姽揹≇傥炻⡆≈ℏ悐ᷣ≽䧵㤝⑩岒㓡┬㳣≽炻⚈䁢⎒㚱⍿姽㨇㥳㛔幓㚨Ḯ

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妋㇨℟屯㸸⍲䈡刚㇨⛐炻㇨朊⮵⇑⭛斄ὪṢ䁢ỽ炻⥳傥普ᷕ屯㸸➡做嬻⇑⭛斄ὪṢ 㺧シᷳ檀⑩岒Ṣㇵˤ侴ⓗ㚱檮䴩炻ㇵ傥ἧ㈨⮰㟉昊䘤⯽㚜℟⣂⃫冯䪞䇕≃ˤ

୤ȃዉࢸᙛཾఀىᇄଋጛఀىࠢ፴߳ᜌڙ࡙!

㫸㳚䚖⇵㚨慵夾䘬⯙㗗借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜炻℞⶚⮯➡梲⸜庽Ṣ⯙㤕㈨傥炻㉱⋯军 ⚳⭞㇘䔍Ⰼ㫉炷㜿ι⤫炻2012炸ˤ侴㫸㳚䁢ᶾ䓴㚨⣏䘬䴻㾇橼炻⎴㗪ḇ㗗㚨⣏䘬屧㖻 ⮎橼ˣ㈽屯⋨⍲ⶪ⟜ˤ㫸䚇㚫⒉⚳⼰㖑⌛橼娵㑩㚱檀㈨埻⊆≽Ṣ≃䁢Ὣ忚⚳⭞䘤⯽ ⍲⋨➇䷩㥖慵天➢䞛炻㕤 2000 ⸜崟⌛德忶㫸䚇㚫⒉⚳攻䘬䧵㤝⎰ἄ炻䘤⯽℞借㤕㔁 做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱㨇⇞炻㛇傥➡做⃒岒䓊㤕Ṣ≃炻㍐≽䴻㾇䘤⯽㍸⋯⚳≃ˤ䇘忳䓐 㔯ẞ↮㜸㱽↮⇍⯙㫸㳚䘤⯽借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳ㬟䦳ˣ䚖㧁⍲ℏ㵝ἄ㱽䫱䚠 斄㔯ẞ忚埴↮㜸ˣ㩊㟠᷎Ḱ嫡ヶ妋慳炻 䁢冢䀋㈨⮰㟉昊㍐≽⑩岒ᾅ嫱㓧䫾ᷳ⍫侫 冯ῇ掉ˤ

Ιȃዉࢸ௰ଢ଼ᙛཾఀىᇄଋጛࠢ፴߳ᜌࢇ๊Ҭ኿!

㫸㳚䴻㾇䘤⯽㬟䦳栗䣢↢㑩㚱檀㈨埻⊆≽≃䘬慵天⿏ˤ侴⯙㚫⒉⚳役Ἦ㕤䎮ḳ 㚫嬘妶婾䳸婾炻⻟婧借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜㈖㺼䴻㾇⽑䓎冯ㆸ攟䘬慵天奺刚炻᷎叿慵⻟⊾ 借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⇞⹎炷VET炸炻ẍ忼⇘冯⯙㤕ⶪ⟜䚠斄ᷳ檀㯜㸾㈨傥炷Education and culture DG, 2013炸ˤ ⎴㗪炻 䁢㫸㳚ℙ⎴㊯㧁䘬ˬ㫸㳚 2020 䫾䔍˭炷Europe 2020 Strategy炸ᷳ䞕㛇䚖 㧁㗗天䳸⎰妻䶜⍲ⶍἄ炻䵕㊩ₙ䓐⍲㈨傥烊攟㛇⇯㗗⮯䘤⯽慵⽫䦣军䞍嬀⍲㈨埻⭮ 普借㤕炻᷎㍸ὃ檀⑩岒䘬㔁做妻䶜炷昞⃩剛炻2012炸ˤ㓭㫸㳚 2020 䫾䔍Ṏ⛐㓗㊩ VET ⍲天㯪㚫⒉⚳⡆忚⑩岒ˣ⏠⺽≃⍲℞ VET ⇞⹎冯⯙㤕ⶪ⟜斄忋⿏ˤ⎴㗪炻2012 ⸜ 11 㚰㫸䚇➟⥼㚫㍉䓐ˬ慵㕘⿅侫㔁做˭炷Rethink Education炸䫾䔍炻᷎䡢娵℞㍉埴㕡 㱽炻溻⊝㚫⒉⚳䘤⯽ᶾ䓴⿏䘬借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜炻ẍ㍸⋯借㤕㈨傥䘬⑩岒炷Education and culture DG, 2013; European Commission, 2012a, 2012b炸ˤ

侴⛐ 2002~2012 ⸜攻炻借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜䘤⯽⛐⻟⊾㫸㳚Ⰼ䳂㓧㱣⎰ἄ㕡朊炻㈖ 㺼叿慵天奺刚ˤ2010 ⸜ 12 㚰炻㫸䚇㚫⒉⚳ˣ㫸㳚Ⰼ䳂䣦㚫ềỜ⍲㫸䚇➟⥼㚫ᶨ农⎴

シ㍉埴ⶫ欗㖍℔⟙炷Bruges Communiqué炸炻℞䁢㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⇞⹎ᷳ䎦ẋ⊾炻

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㫸㳚Ⰼ䳂⍲ᾳ⇍⚳⭞斄挝㊹㇘⍲⺢嬘埴≽炻忚ᶨ㬍㛅⎹㫸㳚䃉䷓妻䶜⋨怩忚炻℞㍐ ≽䚖㧁⤪ᶳ炷European Commission, 2012a, 2012b炸烉

炷ᶨ炸ġ䘤⯽℟⏠⺽⍲圵⎰䘬 VET炻℟⁁檀䳈岒䘬㔁ⷓ⍲妻䶜侭ˣ∝㕘⬠佺㕡㱽ˣ檀 ⑩岒姕⁁⍲姕㕥ˣ冯⊆≽ⶪ⟜檀⹎斄忋⿏炻⍲㔁做冯妻䶜忚昶忚嶗烊

炷Ḵ炸ġ檀⑩岒借⇵ VET炷initial vocational education and training˳IVET˴炸炻ἧ⬠佺侭 䌚⼿䈡⭂借㤕㈨傥⍲斄挝傥≃炻᷎ἧ⬠佺侭ˣ䇞㭵⍲䣦佌⼿ẍ䧵㤝娵⎗炻⮯ ℞夾䁢冯㘖忂㔁做℟⁁䚠⎴₡ῤ⍲⏠⺽≃ᷳ怠枭烊

炷ᶱ炸ġⶍἄ㛔ỵ⬠佺炷work-based learning炸ℏ⏓㕤借⇵ VET 婚䦳ᷕ炻䡢ᾅ曺⸜⬠䓇 ℟⁁ㆸ≇忚ℍ借⟜䫔ᶨ㬍㇨暨䞍嬀ˣ㈨傥⍲傥≃炻军㕤℔⎠⇯农≃ㆸ䁢妻䶜 ㍸ὃ侭炻冯 VET ⬠㟉ㆾ℞Ṿ㔁做ʷ妻䶜㨇㥳ᶨ崟⎰ἄ烊

炷⚃炸ġ㍸ ὃ ㇨ 㚱 ⍿ 景 侭 ⭡ 㖻 ⍾ ⼿ ᷳ 䓇 㵗 ⮶ ⎹ 两 临 VET 炷 continuing vocational

education and training˳CVET˴炸炻冯℞㔁做側㘗ˣ景ᷣˣ䌐䩳ẩ㤕⭞ㆾ⣙㤕⊆

ⶍ䃉斄炻墅⁁⍿景侭傥≃䘤⯽⍲䓇㵗廱㎃烊 炷Ḽ炸ġ㓡┬ᶵ⎴㔁做冯妻䶜㫉䲣䴙炷⬠㟉㔁做ˣVETˣ檀䫱㔁做⍲ㆸṢ㔁做炸ᷳ䚠 Ḻ㺚德⿏炻᷎㍸ὃ朆㬋夷⍲朆㬋⺷⬠佺槿嫱㇨暨炻⊭⏓䓙ⶍἄ⟜㇨䌚⼿䘬傥 ≃烊 炷ℕ炸ġ⮎岒⛘⡆忚 VET ⬠䓇⮰㤕⍲嶐⚳䦣≽≃㨇㚫烊 炷ᶫ炸ġ⭡㖻⍾⼿⍲檀⑩岒䳪幓⬠佺ˣ庼⮶冯媖娊㚵⊁ᷳ屯妲炻䓐ẍ⼊ㆸ忋屓⿏䵚䴉 ⍲ἧ㫸㳚℔㮹㍉埴⎰䎮㰢䫾ẍ䭉䎮℞⬠佺⍲⮰㤕䓇㵗炻᷎嶛僓⁛䴙⿏⇍⌘尉ˤ 䵄⎰侴妨炻㫸㳚娵䞍⇘檀⑩岒檀㈨埻⊆≽≃䁢Ὣ忚℞⋨➇⚳⭞䴻㾇㊩临ㆸ攟䘬 慵天槭≃炻⛐㬌⇵㍸ᶳ炻䧵㤝㍐≽⋨➇借㤕㔁做⍲妻䶜㔜⎰⍲䃉䷓扄㍍炻䁢℞慵天 ả⊁ˤᶼ㫸㳚冯冢䀋⎴㧋朊冐㘖忂⬠埻㔁做䁢ᷣ㳩㔁做炻㓭℞德忶冯ˬ㫸㳚 2020 䫾 䔍˭䚠䳸⎰炻⻟⊾ VET ⑩岒炻㒂ẍ㍸⋯ VET 䁢冯㘖忂㔁做℟⁁䚠⎴₡ῤ⍲⏠⺽≃ ᷳ怠枭ˤ䁢忼㬌ᶨ䚖䘬炻䧵㤝㍐≽ VET ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎䁢℞慵天䫾䔍ˤ

Πȃዉࢸ׬೚Ѕᙛཾఀىࠢ፴߳ᜌ௰ଢ଼ᐣแ!

㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᶨ娆炻Ὢ㕤 2000 ⸜䘬㫸㳚⑩岒婾⡯ᷕ㬋⺷↢䎦ˤ 㕤 2002 ⸜ 3 㚰大䎕䈁⶜⠆昮䲵⎔攳㫸䚇䎮ḳ㚫炷European Council炸⮵㫸㳚㔁做冯妻 䶜姕⭂ᶨ枭慵天䚖㧁炻⌛㗗 2010 ⸜⇵⺢䩳ᶾ䓴⿏䘬⑩岒⍫侫㝞㥳ˤ侴⛐ 2002 ⸜ 11 㚰㍸↢ᷳ⒍㛔⑰㟡⭋妨炷The Copenhagen Declaration炸ᷕ炻᷎⶚㍸↢⻟⊾借㤕㔁做冯

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妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱⎰ἄᷳ䚖㧁炷European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2009; European Communities, 2008炸ˤ

晐⼴炻㫸㳚䧵㤝⺢䩳䴻槿Ṍ㎃ˣ䚠Ḻ⬠佺⍲ℙ嬀⺢䩳炻㒂ẍ㥳䭱⑩岒䘤⯽ᷳℙ 忂⍇⇯ˣ㊯⮶㕡憅⍲ⶍ℟炻᷎⮶农 2003 ⸜ VET ℙ忂⑩岒ᾅ嫱㝞㥳炷Common Quality Assurance Framework˳CQAF˴炸ᷳ⺢䩳炻㬌ᶨ㝞㥳䴻䓙 2004 ⸜ 5 㚰 18 㖍⎔攳ᷳ借 㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱㚫嬘㰢嬘䯥会⼴䘤ⶫ炻᷎怨婳㚫⒉⚳⍲㫸㳚䎮ḳ㚫德忶⮵䚠 斄⇑⭛斄ὪṢ忚埴⮎⊁⭋⮶炻婳℞ᷣ≽彎䎮᷎ℙ⎴㍐≽炷European Communities, 2008炸ˤ

2005 ⸜ 10 㚰ㆸ䩳㫸㳚 VET ⑩岒ᾅ嫱䵚嶗炷European Network on Quality Assurance in Vocational Education and Training˳ENQA-VET˴炸炻䁢ᶨ冒栀⿏⎰ἄ婾 ⡯炻㍸ὃ㫸㳚⋨➇⍲⚳⭞Ⰼ䳂攻䛦⣂⑩岒ᾅ嫱㍐≽ⶍἄ⍲⮰㟰炻᷎⬴ㆸ㓗㊩ˣ㷔娎 ⍲慵㕘⭂佑 CQAF炷Kazantzidou, 2012炸ˤ2009 ⸜㫸㳚嬘㚫⍲䎮ḳ㚫㍉䓐⺢䩳㫸㳚⑩ 岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㝞㥳⺢嬘㚠炷European Parliament and Council, 2009炸炻᷎㕤 2011 ⸜攳⥳ ⽝㯪㚫⒉⚳䘤⯽㓡┬℞⚳ℏ⑩岒ᾅ嫱㕡㱽炻⍲Ὣἧ娚㝞㥳⼿ẍἄ㚨Ἓ忳䓐ˤ

2010 ⸜ ENQA-VET 塓㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱㇨⍾ẋ炻䁢ᶨ㔜⎰㚫⒉⚳ˣ 䣦㚫ềỜ⍲㫸㳚䎮ḳ㚫ᷳ⮎⊁䣦佌炻ᷣ天啱䓙㫸㳚⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㝞㥳炷European Quality Assurance Reference Framework˳EQARF˴炸忳䓐炻Ὣ忚㫸㳚⋼⎴⎰ἄ炻䘤⯽ ᷎㓡忚 VET ⑩岒ᾅ嫱炷Kazantzidou, 2012炸ˤ

έȃዉ࿗׬೚Ѕᙛཾఀىࠢ፴߳ᜌҬޟЅϱొ!

EQARF ᷣ天䚖䘬⛐㕤㍸ὃ⎗ㅱ䓐㕤 VET ⇞⹎⍲㍸ὃ侭ᷳᶨ枭䯉╖ᶼ⭡㖻ἧ䓐 ᷳ㝞㥳炻⍲ 䁢㓧䫾䘤⯽侭⍲⮎⊁ⶍἄ侭ᶨ枭ⶍ℟炻ẍ农≃㕤㓡┬ VET 㚵⊁⑩岒⍲ 妻䶜夷䭬炷Kazantzidou, 2012炸ˤ᷎⯙℞⶚䘤⯽ᷳ㔠枭⑩岒ᾅ嫱埴≽炻㓗㊩㚫⒉⚳农 ≃㕤㬌ᶨ柀➇炷European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2009炸烉 炷ᶨ炸2006 ⸜崟炻㚜忚ᶨ㬍冯㫸䚇檀䫱㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱⎰ἄ炻℞Ὣ忚㫸䚇檀䫱㔁做䘤 ⯽ᶨ䲣↿䘬⺢嬘炻᷎㍐≽⑩岒ᾅ嫱㨇㥳ᷳ䘣姀姣Ⅎ烊 炷Ḵ炸⬠㟉攻⑩岒姽Ộᷳ⎰ἄ炻⍲㍸ὃ㔁ⷓ妻䶜⑩岒ᷳ⺢嬘烊 炷ᶱ炸≈⻟借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜㕤⑩岒ᾅ嫱柀➇䘬⎰ἄ炻᷎䘤⯽借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒㸾 ⇯冯㍷徘ᷳℙ忂⍫侫㝞㥳炻䓐ẍ㓗㊩ VET ⑩岒ᾅ嫱䵚嶗ᷳ⺢伖烊 炷⚃炸㫸䚇役⸜夷∫ᷳ㫸㳚⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㝞㥳炻Ὢ㍉埴㫸㳚嬘㚫㕤 2008 ⸜ 12 㚰 18 㖍㇨℔ⶫ⺢嬘㔯ẞ炻ᷣ天姕妰⛐啱䓙㍸ὃ⎬⚳ℙ忂⑩岒䭉䎮ⶍ℟炻ẍ㍐≽㚜

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⃒岒䘬 VETˤ忁ṃⶍ℟䘬䚖㧁啱䓙➡梲嶐㚫⒉⚳攻ᷳ德㖶⿏ˣℙᾉˣ傥≃⍲ 屯㬟娵⎗炻ẍ⋼≑Ṣㇵ䘬䦣≽≃⍲㓡┬ VET ⑩岒ˤ

⎎⢾炻䔞㫸䚇㍐≽㚫⒉⚳⮎㕥㫸㳚屯㬟㝞㥳炻⇯⑩岒ᾅ嫱㗗⽭天䘬炻䓐ẍ䡢ᾅ ⺢䩳⚳⭞⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫溆炷Quality Assurance National Reference Point for VET炸ˣ䷦㓰 屔ả炷accountability炸⍲㓡┬檀䫱㔁做ˣ借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜ˤ℞⽭枰⬴ㆸ⍲䫎⎰⤪ᶳᷳ ⑩岒ᾅ嫱ℙ忂⍇⇯炷European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2009; European Parliament and Council, 2008炸烉

炷ᶨ炸⑩岒ᾅ嫱㓧䫾⍲䦳⸷⽭枰㢵➢㕤㫸㳚屯㬟㝞㥳㇨㚱Ⰼ䳂烊 炷Ḵ炸⑩岒ᾅ嫱⽭枰㔜⎰㔁做冯妻䶜㨇㥳ᷳℏ悐䭉䎮烊

炷ᶱ炸⑩岒ᾅ嫱⽭枰⊭⏓㨇㥳䘬㬋夷姽Ộ炻Ṏ⌛℞妰䔓ㆾ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎枰啱䓙⢾悐 䚋䜋ᾳ橼ㆾ╖ỵḰẍ姽Ộ烊

炷⚃炸⢾悐䚋䜋ᾳ橼⍲╖ỵ⬴ㆸ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⽭枰ὅ㒂㬋⺷姽Ộ烊

炷Ḽ炸⑩岒ᾅ嫱⽭枰⊭⏓䲣䴉炷context炸ˣ廠ℍ炷input炸ˣ忶䦳炷process炸ˣ⍲廠↢炷output炸

䫱⎹⹎炻䈡⇍⻟婧廠↢⍲⬠佺ㆸ㝄炷learning outcomes炸烊 炷ℕ炸⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎⽭枰⊭⏓⤪ᶳ天䳈烉 1. 㶭㤂⍲⎗堉慷䘬䚖䘬⍲㧁㸾炻⮎㕥䘬㸾⇯炻᷎ㅱ䲵ℍ⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⍫冯烊 2. 怑䔞䘬屯㸸烊 3. ᶨ农䘬姽Ộ㕡㱽炻䳸⎰冒ㆹ姽Ộ⍲⢾悐姽Ộ烊 4. 㓡┬ᷳ⚆棳㨇⇞⍲䦳⸷烊 5. ⺋㲃⍲⎗⍾⼿ᷳ姽Ộ䳸㝄ˤ 炷ᶫ炸㍐≽⑩岒ᾅ嫱炻ᶵ婾嶐⚳ˣ⚳⭞⍲⛘⋨Ⰼ䳂ㅱ忚埴⋼婧炻ẍ䡢ᾅℐ奨ˣᶨ农ˣ ⋼ἄ⍲ℐ朊䲣䴙↮㜸烊 炷ℓ炸⑩岒ᾅ嫱ㅱ䁢嶐㔁做冯妻䶜Ⰼ䳂⍲⇞⹎ᷳ⎰ἄ䦳⸷炻℞㴱⍲㚫⒉⚳ℏ⍲嶐䣦 ⋨ᷳ䚠斄⇑⭛斄ὪṢ烊 炷ḅ炸⑩岒ᾅ嫱⭂ỵ⛐䣦⋨Ⰼ䳂炻⎗㍸ὃ姽Ộ⍫侫溆⍲⎴₽⬠佺ˤ

⎴㗪炻娚㝞㥳㗗⺢䩳⛐㫸㳚屯㬟㝞㥳炷European Qualifications Framework炸ˣ㫸 㳚 VET ⬠↮䳗䧵冯廱㎃⇞⹎炷European Credit system for Vocational Education and Training炸⍲⃰⇵㫸㳚⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎➢䢶ᶲ炷ENQA-VET, 2009; Kazantzidou, 2012炸炻 ℞ℏ㵝䁢烉

炷ᶨ炸⊭⏓㬋夷䚋䜋炷⊭㊔忳䓐ℏ悐⍲⢾悐姽Ộ㨇⇞炸ẍ⍲䦳⸷⟙⏲烊 炷Ḵ炸忳䓐ℙ忂⑩岒㸾⇯⍲㊯㧁㍷徘⤈⭂䚋䜋⍲⟙⏲⬱㌺䘬➢䢶烊

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炷ᶱ炸⻟⊾ℙ忂㊯㧁ᷳ慵天⿏炻ẍ㓗㊩⮵ VET 䲣䴙⍲㍸ὃ侭ᷳ姽Ộˣ䚋䜋⍲⑩岒ᾅ 嫱ˤ

昌ᶲ徘婒㖶ᷳ⢾炻⑩岒ᾅ嫱㗗➢㕤姙⣂℞Ṿ㫸䚇ⶍ℟㓗㊩ᶳ㇨⺢䩳炻媠⤪㫸㳚 屯 㬟 㝞 㥳 ㆾ Ḵ 枭 㫸 㳚 ⬠ ↮ 廱 ㎃ ⇞ ⹎ 烉 㕤 檀 䫱 㔁 做 䁢 㫸 㳚 ⬠ ↮ 廱 ㎃ ⍲ 䳗 䧵 ⇞ ⹎ 炷European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System炸炻㕤 VET ⇯䁢㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯

妻䶜⬠↮⇞⹎炷European Communities, 2008炸ˤ℞Ṏ㓗㊩⭂佑⍲槿嫱朆㬋夷⍲朆㬋⺷

⬠佺ᷳ㫸㳚ℙ⎴⍇⇯炻⍲㫸㳚䦣≽≃⑩岒ㅚ䪈炷European Quality Charter for Mobility炸 ᷳ⮎㕥炷Education and Culture DG, 2009炸ˤ

䵄⎰侴妨炻㫸㳚 VET ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎㗗⺢䩳⛐㫸㳚屯㬟㝞㥳ˣ㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻 䶜⬠↮⇞⹎ᶲˤ⃰䓙㫸㳚屯㬟㝞㥳ᷳ↮Ⰼ傥≃㊯㧁㥳䭱⑩岒ᾅ嫱㇨㫚忼ㆸ䘬⑩岒䚖 㧁炻᷎䓐㕤⺢䩳⚳⭞⑩岒⍫侫溆炻ℵ䓙㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⬠↮⇞⹎㍐≽炻天㯪㭷 ᶨ⬠↮䌚⍾⍲廱㎃⽭枰䫎⎰天㯪䘬⑩岒➢㸾ˤ⎴㗪炻⑩岒ᾅ嫱Ṏ⺢䩳⛐ℏ悐姽揹ᷳ 冒ㆹ⍵䚩⍲㊩临㓡┬炻᷎德忶⢾悐姽揹㍸ὃ怑䔞䘬⑩岒夷䭬炻᷎㈦↢ℏ悐ᶵ㖻䚳↢ 䘬⓷柴溆炻㓭㍐≽⑩岒ᾅ嫱Ṏ枰䳸⎰ℏ悐姽揹⍲⢾悐姽揹⇞⹎炻ἧ冣⬴┬ˤ

Ѳȃዉ࿗׬೚Ѕᙛཾఀىࠢ፴߳ᜌڎᡝհݲ!

㫸 㳚 借 㤕 㔁 做 冯 妻 䶜 ⑩ 岒 ᾅ 嫱 ⍫ 侫 㝞 㥳 Ὢ 㢵 ➢ 㕤 夷 ∫ 炷 planning 炸ˣ ⮎ 㕥 炷implementation炸ˣ姽Ộ炷evaluation炸ˣ㩊妶炷review炸ᷳ PIER ⑩岒⽒䑘⍲㊩临⑩岒 㓡┬ᷳ㔜ᾳ㬟䦳炻⎴㗪㫸㳚⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㝞㥳Ṏ屓䨧㇨㚱⒍㛔⑰㟡忚䦳炷Copenhagen Process炸㇨䘤⯽ᷳ慵天ⶍ℟炻⌛㗗⽆朆㬋夷⍲朆㬋⺷⬠佺ㆸ⯙娵嫱——借㤕㔁做冯 妻䶜⬠↮廱㎃⇞⹎——㫸㳚屯㬟㝞㥳䫱忶䦳⛯枰⮯⑩岒ᾅ嫱䲵ℍ炻䡢ᾅ⎬枭⬠佺ㆸ 㝄℟㚱ᶨ农⿏⑩岒炻ᾦὃ⬠↮廱㎃⍲屯㬟⍾⼿ᷳὅ㒂ˤ 㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㝞㥳㗗⛐㫸䚇➟⥼㚫ᶳ炻䓙㚫⒉⚳㇨ℙ⎴⎰ ἄ䘤⯽炻᷎䓙㫸㳚嬘㚫⍲㫸䚇䎮ḳ㚫䯥会⮎㕥炻℞Ṏ䁢⒍㛔⑰㟡⭋妨⼴临斄挝埴≽ ⃫䳈炻䧙䁢 VET 柀➇ᷳ㚜䵲⭮⎰ἄ炻䈡⇍㗗 VET ⑩岒ᾅ嫱炻⍲㊩临忚埴ᷳ㫸㳚㔁 做冯妻䶜⇞⹎㚜㕘ⶍἄ炷EQAVET, 2011炸ˤ℞㢵➢㕤 PIER ⑩岒⽒䑘⍲㊩临⑩岒㓡┬ 㬟䦳㇨䘤⯽借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒夷㸾⍲℞ℏ㵝昛徘娛⤪堐 1炻➢㕤䲣䴉炷context炸ˣ

廠ℍ炷input炸ˣ忶䦳炷process炸ˣ⍲廠↢炷output炸㧉⺷炻㇨⺢㥳⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㊯㧁娛

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堐 1 㫸㳚⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㝞㥳烉借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒夷㸾⍲℞ℏ㵝昛徘 ⑩岒夷㸾 炷quality criteria炸 VET ⇞⹎Ⰼ䳂ℏ㵝昛徘 炷indicative descriptors at VET-system level炸 VET ㍸ὃ侭Ⰼ䳂ℏ㵝昛徘 炷indicative descriptors at VET-provider level炸 夷∫⍵ㅱ冯䚠斄 ⇑⭛斄ὪṢ↮ṓ 䫾䔍栀㘗炻᷎⊭⏓ 㖶䡢䘬䚖㧁ʷ䚖 䘬埴≽⍲㊯㧁 1. VET ᷳ䚖㧁ʷ䚖䘬㍷徘ᷕ攟 䦳夷∫炻᷎冯㫸㳚䚖㧁䚠忋 䳸ˤ 2. 䚠斄⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⍫冯姕⭂ᶵ ⎴Ⰼ䳂 VET 䚖㧁⍲䚖䘬ˤ 3. 㧁䘬㗗德忶䈡⭂㊯㧁炷ㆸ≇ 夷㸾炸Ḱẍ⺢䩳⍲䚋䜋ˤ 4. ⺢䩳㨇⇞⍲䦳⸷ẍ⭂佑妻䶜 暨㯪ˤ 5. 姕妰屯妲㓧䫾ẍ䡢ᾅ⑩岒䳸 㝄ʷㆸ㝄⛐⚳⭞ʷ⋨➇屯㕁 ᾅ嬟暨㯪ᶳ炻ἄ㚨Ἓ㎕曚ˤ 6. ⭂佑傥≃娵⎗ˣ槿嫱⍲娵嫱 ᷳ㧁㸾⍲㊯⮶⍇⇯ˤ 1. 㫸㳚ˣ⚳⭞⍲⋨➇ VET 㓧䫾䚖㧁 ⍲䚖䘬炻⍵㗈 VET ㍸ὃ侭⮵㕤䔞 ⛘㧁䘬ᷳ姕⭂ˤ 2. 姕⭂㖶䡢䚖㧁ʷ䚖䘬⍲㧁䘬᷎Ḱ ẍ䚋䜋ˤ 3. ㊩临冯䚠斄⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⋼⓮ẍ⭂ 佑䈡⭂䘬䔞⛘ʷᾳṢ暨㯪ˤ 4. 㖶䡢↮惵⑩岒䭉䎮冯䘤⯽䘬屔ảˤ 5. 夷∫Ṣ⒉⇅㛇⌛㈽ℍ⑩岒䘤⯽ˤ 6. ㍸ὃ侭夷∫ᷣ≽冯℞Ṿ VET ㍸ὃ 侭⎰ἄˤ 7. 䚠斄⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⍫冯䔞⛘暨㯪↮ 㜸忶䦳ˤ 8. VET ㍸ὃ侭℟⁁㖶䡢ˣ〘䔞⍲德 㖶䘬⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎ˤ ⮎ 㕥 妰 䔓 㗗 姕 妰 ⛐ 冯 ⇑ ⭛ 斄 Ὢ Ṣ ⋼⓮炻᷎⊭⏓㖶䡢 䘬⍇⇯ 1. ⮎㕥妰䔓⺢䩳⛐冯ᶵ⎴Ⰼ䳂 䣦㚫⣍ỜˣVET㍸ὃ侭⍲℞Ṿ 䚠斄⇑⭛斄ὪṢℙ⎴⎰ἄˤ 2. ⮎ 㕥 妰 䔓 ⊭ ⏓ 侫 慷 屯 㸸 暨 㯪ˣἧ䓐侭傥≃⍲㓗㊩℞⮎ 㕥㇨暨ᷳⶍ℟⍲㊯⮶⍇⇯ˤ 3. ㊯⮶⍇⇯⍲㧁㸾⽭枰姕妰䫎 ⎰ᶵ⎴Ⰼ䳂⮎㕥ˤ 4. ⮎㕥妰䔓⊭⏓⮵㔁ⷓ⍲妻䶜 侭➡妻ᷳ䈡⭂㓗㊩ˤ 5. VET㍸ὃ侭㕤⮎㕥䦳⸷䘬屔 ả炻䁢㖶䡢㍷徘⍲农≃㕤德㖶ˤ 6. ⚳⭞⍲ʷㆾ⋨➇⑩岒ᾅ嫱㝞 㥳枰⬴ㆸ姕妰炻ᶼㅱ⊭㊔㊯ ⮶⍇⇯⍲ VET ㍸ὃ侭Ⰼ䳂ᷳ ⑩岒㧁㸾炻ẍὫ忚㊩临㓡┬ ⍲冒ㆹ䭉䎮ˤ 1. ὅ㒂忼ㆸ⮎㕥妰䔓ᷳ㧁䘬姕⭂奨 溆炻怑䔞⛘↮惵⍲㊯㳦ℏ悐屯㸸ˤ 2. 䚠斄⍲圵ℍ⣍Ờ㗗㖶䡢㓗㊩⶚夷 ∫埴≽䘬⮎㕥ˤ 3. ⮵㕤䘤⯽㔁ⷓ⍲妻䶜侭䈡⭂暨㯪 傥≃➡妻忚埴䫾䔍夷∫ˤ 4. Ṣ⒉㍉埴㬋夷妻䶜⍲冯䚠斄⢾悐 ⇑⭛斄ὪṢ忚埴⎰ἄ䘤⯽炻ẍ㓗㊩ 傥≃⺢䩳⍲⑩岒㓡┬炻᷎傥⻟⊾䷦ 㓰ˤ 德 忶 㬋 夷 㕡 ⺷ 忚 埴 䦳 ⸷ ⍲ ㆸ 㝄 姽 Ộ炻᷎啱䓙堉慷㕡 ⺷㇨㓗㊩ 1. ⬴ㆸ姽Ộ㕡⺷ᷳ㕡㱽⬠姕 妰炻暨㵝味ℏ悐⍲⢾悐姽 Ộˤ 2. ⎴シ᷎㶭㤂㍷徘⇑⭛斄Ὢ Ṣ㈽ℍ䚋䜋⍲姽Ộ䦳⸷ˤ 3. ⚳⭞ʷ⋨➇㓡┬⍲䡢ᾅ⑩ 岒ᷳ㧁㸾⍲䦳⸷⽭枰冯悐 攨暨㯪䚠斄⍲䚠䧙ˤ 1. 冒ㆹ姽慷炷self-assessment炸ʷ冒 ㆹ姽Ộ炷self-evaluation炸⽭枰㕤⚳ ⭞ʷ⋨ ➇ 夷 ⭂ ⍲ 㝞 㥳 ᶳ ⭂ 㛇 ⬴ ㆸ炻ㆾ㕤 VET ㍸ὃ侭ᷣ≽忚埴ˤ 2. 姽Ộ⍲㩊妶炷review炸枰㵝味㔁做 䳸㝄ʷㆸ㝄⍲忶䦳炻⊭㊔姽慷⬠佺 侭㺧シ⹎炻ẍ⍲Ṣ⒉䷦㓰⍲㺧シ ⹎ˤ 炷临ᶳ枩炸

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堐 1炷临炸 ⑩岒夷㸾 炷quality criteria炸 VET ⇞⹎Ⰼ䳂ℏ㵝昛徘 炷indicative descriptors at VET-system level炸 VET ㍸ὃ侭Ⰼ䳂ℏ㵝昛徘 炷indicative descriptors at VET-provider level炸 德忶㬋夷㕡⺷忚埴䦳 ⸷⍲ㆸ㝄姽Ộ炻᷎啱 䓙堉慷㕡⺷㇨㓗㊩ 4. ⇞⹎⽭枰㗗怑䔞䘬㍍⍿冒 ㆹ姽Ộˣℏ悐⍲⢾悐姽揹ˤ 5. ⮎㕥㖑㛇嬎䣢⇞⹎ˤ 6. ㅱ䓐䷦㓰㊯㧁ˤ 7. 忚埴䚠斄ˣ㬋夷⍲忋屓⿏屯 㕁吸普炻ẍ堉慷㗗⏎ㆸ≇ˣ ⍲⭂佑枰㓡┬ᷳ嗽ˤ⽭枰姕 妰 怑 䔞 䘬 屯 㕁 吸 普 㕡 㱽 ⬠炻媠⤪烉⓷⌟ˣ㊯㧁ʷ夷 㸾ˤ 3. 姽Ộ⍲㩊妶⊭⏓嵛⣈ᶼ㚱㓰㨇 ⇞ẍ㴱⍲ℏ悐⍲⢾悐⇑⭛斄Ὢ Ṣˤ 4. ⮎㕥㖑㛇嬎䣢⇞⹎ˤ 㩊妶 1. ㍉埴⍲⭂佑⎬Ⰼ䳂㩊妶㇨ 暨䦳⸷ˣ㨇⇞⍲ⶍ℟ˤ 2. 㬋夷㩊妶䦳⸷⍲嬲㚜埴≽ 妰䔓姕妰ˤ䲣䴙ṎỜ晐婧 㔜ˤ 3. ㆸ㝄姽Ộ屯妲㗗℔攳⎗䓐 䘬ˤ 1. ἧ䓐侭⚆棳Ὢ⽆吸普℞ᾳṢ⬠ 佺䴻槿ˣ⬠佺⍲㔁⬠䑘⠫ˤἝ ⎴㔁ⷓ⚆棳炻ẍ忳䓐㕤㚜忚ᶨ 㬍埴≽ˤ 2. ㆸ㝄㩊妶屯妲㗗⺋㲃ˣ℔攳⎗ 䓐䘬ˤ 3. 㩊妶⍲⚆棳䦳⸷䁢䫾䔍⿏䳬䷼ ⬠佺忶䦳䘬ᶨ悐↮ˤ 4. 冯䚠斄⇑⭛斄ὪṢ妶婾䳸㝄ʷ ㆸ㝄姽Ộ忶䦳炻᷎䘤⯽怑䔞䘬 埴≽妰䔓ˤ

屯㕁Ἦ㸸烉㔜䎮冒“Recommendation of the European Parliament and of The Council of 18 June 2009 on the establishment of a European Quality Assurance Reference Framework for Vocational Education and Training,” by European Parliament and Council, 2009, Official Journal of the European Union, 155, pp. 6-7, Annex ɚ.

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堐 2 㫸㳚⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㝞㥳烉借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㊯㧁 ㊯㧁 ㊯㧁✳ン 㓧䫾䚖䘬 ⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳℙ忂㊯㧁 ᶨˣ冯 VET ㍸ὃ侭ᷳ⑩岒ᾅ 嫱⇞⹎䚠斄烉 炷ᶨ炸 VET ㍸ὃ侭忳䓐㱽⼳ ㆾ冒ㆹ㍐≽炻⭂佑ℏ悐 ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎ᷳ㭼ἳ烊 炷Ḵ炸 䴻娵嫱⎰㟤 VET ㍸ὃ 侭ᷳ㭼ἳˤ 䲣䴉ʷ廠ℍ㊯㧁 n Ὣ忚 VET ㍸ὃ侭ᷳ⑩岒㓡┬㔯 ⊾ n ⡆忚妻䶜⑩岒䘬德㖶⿏ n 㓡┬妻䶜㇨夷䭬ᷳḺᾉ➢䢶 ⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳℙ忂㊯㧁 Ḵˣ㈽屯妻䶜㕤㔁ⷓ冯妻䶜 ⒉烉 炷ᶨ炸 㔁ⷓ冯妻䶜Ṣ⍫冯忚 昶妻䶜ᷳ㭼ἳ烊 炷Ḵ炸 ㈽ℍ屯慹㔠柵ˤ 廠ℍʷ忶䦳㊯㧁 n Ὣἧ㍍⍿倀ảᷳ㔁ⷓ⍲妻䶜⒉ ⍫冯 VET ⑩岒䘤⯽䦳⸷ n 㓡┬ VET ⮵㕤⊆≽ⶪ⟜暨㯪㓡 嬲ᷳ⚆ㅱ⿏ n ⡆忚ᾳ⇍⬠佺ἧ䓐ᷳ⺢䭱䈑䨢 攻 n 㓡┬⬠佺侭ᷳㆸ⯙ 㓗㊩ VET ᷳ⑩岒㓧䫾䚖㧁㊯㧁 ᶱˣVET 妰䔓ᷳ⍫冯㭼䌯烉 㟡㒂妰䔓✳ン⍲ᾳ⇍㸾 ⇯炻䴙妰⍫冯 VET 妰䔓 Ṣ㔠 廠ℍʷ忶䦳ʷ廠↢㊯㧁 n ⽆⶚⮎㕥℟⏠⺽≃ᷳ VET ᷕ䌚 ⼿ VET ⇞⹎⍲ VET ㍸ὃ侭ᷳ➢ 㛔屯妲 n 㓗㊩⡆≈ VET ℍ⬠䭉忻䚖㧁炻⊭ ㊔⻙⊊佌橼 ⚃ˣ⬴ㆸ VET 妰䔓㭼䌯烉㟡 㒂 妰 䔓 ✳ ン ⍲ ᾳ ⇍ 㸾 ⇯炻ㆸ≇⛘⬴ㆸʷ㓦㡬 VET 妰䔓Ṣ㔠 忶䦳ʷ廠↢ʷㆸ㝄㊯㧁 n 䌚⼿㔁做ㆸ⯙⍲妻䶜忶䦳⑩岒 ᷳ➢㛔屯妲 n 妰䬿廇⬠䌯᷎冯⍫冯䌯㭼庫 n 㓗㊩ㆸ≇⬴ㆸᶨ枭 VET ᷣ天⑩ 岒䚖㧁 n 㓗㊩怑⭄䘬妻䶜夷䭬炻⊭㊔⻙⊊ 佌橼 ḼˣVET 妰䔓惵伖㭼䌯烉 炷ᶨ炸 㟡㒂妰䔓✳ン⍲ᾳ⇍ 㸾⇯炻⬠佺侭⛐妻䶜⬴ ㆸ⼴ᷳ䈡⭂㗪攻溆㇨ 忼⇘ VET 妰䔓䚖㧁烊 炷Ḵ炸 㟡㒂妰䔓✳ン⍲ᾳ⇍ 㸾⇯炻⬠佺侭⛐妻䶜⬴ ㆸ⼴ᷳ䈡⭂㗪攻溆㇨ 忼⇘⍿景㭼䌯ˤ ㆸ㝄㊯㧁 n 㓗㊩⯙㤕≃ n 㓡┬ VET ⮵⊆≽ⶪ⟜暨㯪㓡嬲 ⚆ㅱ⿏ n 㓗㊩怑⭄䘬妻䶜夷䭬炻⊭㊔⻙⊊ 佌橼 炷临ᶳ枩炸

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堐 2炷临炸 ㊯㧁 ㊯㧁✳ン 㓧䫾䚖䘬 ℕˣ ⮯㇨䌚⼿㈨傥忳䓐㕤借 ⟜烉 炷ᶨ炸 㟡㒂妻䶜✳ン⍲ᾳ⇍ 㸾⇯炻ᾳṢ㕤妻䶜⬴ㆸ ⼴炻䌚⼿借ỵ䘬屯妲烊 炷Ḵ炸 ᾳṢ⍲景ᷣ⮵㕤㇨䌚 ⼿㈨傥ʷ傥≃㺧シ㭼 䌯ˤ ㆸ㝄㊯㧁ġ ĩ䵄⎰岒⊾⍲慷⊾屯㕁Īġ n ⡆忚⯙㤕≃ n 㓡┬ VET ⮵⊆≽ⶪ⟜暨㯪㓡嬲 ⚆ㅱ⿏ n 㓗㊩怑⭄䘬妻䶜夷䭬炻⊭㊔⻙⊊ 佌橼 䲣䴉屯妲 ᶫˣ ㇨㰢⭂⣙㤕䌯檀Ỷᷳᾳ ⇍㸾⇯烉 䲣䴉㊯㧁 n VET ⇞⹎Ⰼ䳂ᷳ㓧䫾㰢⭂㇨暨 ᷳ側㘗屯妲 ℓˣ⺋㲃⻙⊊佌橼烉 炷ᶨ炸 㟡㒂⿏⇍⍲⸜漉炻䴙妰 ⻙⊊佌橼⌈ VET ⍫冯 侭䘬䘦↮㭼炷⛐䈡⭂⛘ ⋨ㆾ⋨➇炸烊 炷Ḵ炸 㟡㒂⿏⇍⍲⸜漉炻䴙妰 ⻙⊊佌橼䌚农ㆸ≇㭼 䌯ˤ 䲣䴉㊯㧁 n VET ⇞⹎Ⰼ䳂ᷳ㓧䫾㰢⭂㇨暨 ᷳ側㘗屯妲 n 㓗㊩⻙⊊佌橼ᷳ VET ℍ⬠䭉忻 n 㓗㊩怑⭄䘬妻䶜夷䭬炻⊭㊔⻙⊊ 佌橼 ḅˣ⭂佑⊆≽ⶪ⟜妻䶜暨㯪ᷳ 㨇⇞烉 炷ᶨ炸 ⭂佑᷎姕⭂ᶵ⎴Ⰼ䳂 ⊆≽ⶪ⟜妻䶜暨㯪㓡 嬲㨇⇞屯妲烊 炷Ḵ炸 娚㨇⇞㗗⏎㚱㓰ᷳ嫱 㒂ˤ 䲣䴉ʷ廠ℍ㊯㧁 炷岒⊾屯妲炸 n 㓡┬ VET ⮵⊆≽ⶪ⟜暨㯪㓡嬲 ᷳ⚆ㅱ⿏ n 㓗㊩⯙㤕≃ ⋩ˣὫ忚 VET 庫Ἓ䭉忻㕡㟰烉 炷ᶨ炸 䎦⬀ᶵ⎴Ⰼ䳂⊆≽ⶪ ⟜妻䶜㕡㟰屯妲烊 炷Ḵ炸 娚㕡㟰㗗⏎㚱㓰ᷳ嫱 㒂ˤ 忶䦳㊯㧁 炷岒⊾屯妲炸 n Ὣ忚㍍⍿ VET 䘬䭉忻炻⊭㊔⻙⊊ 佌橼 n 㓗㊩怑⭄妻䶜夷䭬

屯㕁Ἦ㸸烉㔜䎮冒“Recommendation of the European Parliament and of The Council of 18 June 2009 on the establishment of a European Quality Assurance Reference Framework for Vocational Education and Training,” by European Parliament and Council, 2009, Official Journal of the European Union, 155, pp. 8-10, Annex ɛ.

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➢㕤㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜夷∫ˣ⮎㕥ˣ姽Ộˣ㩊妶ᷳ PIER ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⽒䑘⍲㬟䦳ˣ ⑩岒夷㸾⍲℞ℏ㵝昛徘ˣ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㊯㧁䫱ᷳ➢䢶ᶳ炻EQAVET ⭂佑ᶨ䲣↿ℙ忂 ᷣ柴㔯ẞ炻䧙䁢䧵㛐炷building blocks炸炻℞⶚䓐㕤㫸㳚 VET ㍸ὃ侭ẍ⺢䩳᷎⻟⊾⑩ 岒ᾅ嫱忶䦳ˤ㬌ᶨ嶐㫸㳚 VET ㍸ὃ侭ᷳ⑩岒ᾅ嫱㖑㛇↮㜸㕡㱽䫎⎰ EQAVET 㝞㥳炻 ℞⊭㊔⭂佑ℕᾳ䌐䩳䘬䧵㛐炻忁ṃ䧵㛐⭂佑ㅱ㍉埴䘬斄挝㳣≽ẍ㓡┬⑩岒ᾅ嫱忶䦳 ᷎䫎⎰ EQAVET 㝞㥳炻娛⤪堐 3 ㇨䣢炷EQAVET, 2012炸ˤġ 㓭㫸㳚 VET ⑩岒ᾅ嫱昌⺢䩳㚫⒉⚳枰思⽒䘬ℙ忂⑩岒㊯㧁炻᷎⭂佑℞⑩岒夷㸾 ⍲℞ℏ㵝昛徘炻⺢䩳⑩岒⽒䑘炻䡢ᾅ⎬㚫⒉⚳℟⁁➢㛔ᶨ农䘬⑩岒夷䭬⢾炻᷎䘤⯽ 嶐㫸㳚 VET ㍸ὃ侭ᷳ⑩岒ᾅ嫱㖑㛇↮㜸㕡㱽炻⊭㊔烉炷ᶨ炸㈧媦⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳ䭉䎮㔯 ⊾烊炷Ḵ炸⍵㗈㍸ὃ侭䑘⠫ᷳ㕡㱽烊炷ᶱ炸䘤⯽冒ㆹ姽慷㔯⊾烊炷⚃炸㓗㊩ㆸ⒉⍫冯⑩ 岒ᾅ嫱䚠斄妻䶜烊炷Ḽ炸忳䓐屯㕁⍲⚆棳ẍ㓡┬ VET烊炷ℕ炸䡢ᾅ VET 㗗➢㕤⢾悐⍲ ℏ悐⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⍫冯䫱枭ˤṎ⌛昌⻟婧䑘⠫䲣䴉ˣℏ悐⍲⢾悐⇑⭛斄ὪṢ䘬慵天⿏ ⢾炻㍐≽⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳㆸ≇斄挝炻⛐㕤⺢䩳ℏ䚩㔯⊾炻⌛㗗⑩岒ᾅ嫱䭉䎮㔯⊾⍲冒ㆹ 姽慷㔯⊾炻劍⬠㟉㭷ỵㆸ⒉悥ℏ⊾⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍲㊩临㓡┬䱦䤆炻᷎⍵ㅱ㕤㖍ⷠ䘬埴䁢 堐䎦ᷕ炻⇯⮯ⷞ≽⬠㟉㊩临⑩岒㓡┬冯䱦忚炻忚侴ἧ⼿䔊㤕⬠䓇⯙㤕傥≃⛯傥忼⇘ 景ᷣ㺧シ⑩岒ˤ

㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱扄㍍借⇵ VET ⍲两临 VET炻Ṏ⌛ᶵ婾借⇵ VET ⍲两临 VET ᷳ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⛯⺢䩳⛐䚠⎴䘬⑩岒夷䭬ᶳˤ㇨媪借⇵ VET 䁢ᷕ䫱㔁做⼴ ㇨⍾⼿借㤕屯㬟炻㬌枭屯㬟⎗ẍ德忶㨇㥳㛔ỵ炷institution-based炸橼䲣ㆾ㗗ⷓ⼺⇞妻 䶜烊IVET ᷣ天㗗㍸ὃṳ㕤 16~19 㬚曺⸜Ṣ㔁做冯妻䶜炻Ṏ⎗䁢ㆸṢ㔁做烊两临 VET ⇯㗗㍍⍿借⇵ VET ㆾ忚ℍ借⟜䓇㳣⼴㇨㍉埴ᷳℵ㔁做ㆾ妻䶜烊CVET 䚖㧁⛐㕤⸓≑ ᾳṢ㓡┬ㆾ㚜㕘㇨㑩㚱䘬䞍嬀冯㈨傥炻᷎⚈ℵ妻䶜⍲䌚⼿㕘㈨傥ẍ朊⮵借㵗廱㎃炻 ⸓≑ᾳṢㆾ⮰㤕ᶲ䘬䘤⯽炻㬌枭㔁做⍲妻䶜⎗ẍ䓙ᶵ⎴䳬䷼㍸ὃ炷Volmari, Helakorpi, & Frimodt, 2009炸ˤ

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堐 3 㫸㳚⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㝞㥳烉ℕ枭ℙ忂ᷣ柴㔯ẞ 01 䭉䎮㔯⊾ 㬌ᶨ䧵㛐冯 4 昶㭝 EQAVET ⑩ 岒⽒䑘斄Ὢ 斄挝⓷柴ȹȹ 斄㕤ㆸ≇斄挝⚈䳈 ᷳ⓷柴 婚䦳⬠佺ȹȹ ⺢嬘ẍ⼴㕘䘬㕡⺷ 1. 䡢ᾅ㈧媦⑩岒 ᾅ嫱ᷳ䭉䎮㔯 ⊾ 夷 ∫ ⮎㕥 姽Ộ 冯姽 慷 㩊妶 冯ᾖ 㬋 䭉 䎮 ⛀ 昲 ㅱ ⤪ ỽ ἄ烎 l ㍸ὃ⑩岒ᾅ嫱柀 ⮶傥≃烎 l 䡢ᾅ⑩岒ᾅ嫱㔯 ⊾炻⊭㊔⽆䴻槿 ⇘ ℞ Ṿ 㕡 朊 ⬠ 佺烎 l 溻⊝ㆸ⒉⍫冯⑩ 岒ᾅ嫱烎 l 䡢ᾅㆸ㛔㓰㝄⍲ ⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳ怑䔞 㕡㱽烎 l 溻⊝ VET ㆸ⒉㓡 ┬℞⑩岒ᾅ嫱㕡 㱽ᷳ㚨Ἓ㕡⺷䁢 ỽ烎 l EQVET 㝞 㥳 傥 䓐㕤ᾳ⇍ VET ㍸ ὃ 侭 ᷳ 䭉 䎮 ⛀ 昲炻ẍ䚋䜋⍲⺢ 䩳 ⑩ 岒 ᾅ 嫱 㕡 㱽ˤ l ⢾悐㚱㓰ᷳ⑩岒 ᾅ嫱⇞⹎娵⎗炻 㚱≑㕤㽨⊝冯溻 ⊝ 䭉 䎮 侭 ⍲ ㆸ ⒉ˤ ü ü ü ü 㬌ᶨ䧵㛐㍉⍾ㇳ 㭝䁢ỽ烎 ㅱ㍉⍾ᷳ埴≽ EQAVET 㝞㥳ᷳ ⮎㕥炻慵溆⛐⺢ 䩳⛐㓗㊩⍲慵夾 ⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳ㔯⊾ l 䭉䎮⛀昲㗗⏎慵夾⑩岒ᾅ 嫱烎 l 㗗⏎㇨㚱䭉䎮侭悥⍫冯䡢ᾅ 檀⑩岒 VET烎 l 㗗⏎䭉䎮⛀昲⮵⑩岒ᾅ嫱屈 屔烎 02 ⍵㗈㍸ὃ侭䑘⠫ ᷳ㕡㱽 㬌ᶨ䧵㛐冯 4 昶㭝 EQAVET ⑩ 岒⽒䑘斄Ὢ 斄挝⓷柴ȹȹ 斄㕤ㆸ≇斄挝⚈䳈 ᷳ⓷柴 婚䦳⬠佺ȹȹ ⺢嬘ẍ⼴㕘䘬㕡⺷ 2. 䘤⯽傥⍵㗈㍸ ὃ侭䑘⠫ᷳ㕡 㱽 夷 ∫ ⮎㕥 姽Ộ 冯姽 慷 㩊妶 冯ᾖ 㬋 l 䔞 VET ㍸ὃ侭䘤 ⯽℞⑩岒ᾅ嫱㕡 㱽炻ㅱ侫ㄖḳ枭 䁢ỽ烎 l ⚳⭞⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫ 侫 溆 ⤪ ỽ ⸓ ≑ VET ㍸ὃ侭䡢ᾅ ℞ 㕡 㱽 冯 EQVVET 㝞㥳ᶨ 农烎 l ᶨ农⿏䘬檀⑩岒 妻䶜㕡㱽⍲妻䶜 ㆸ㝄㚱≑㕤ẩ㤕 ⍲ VET ㍸ὃ侭㓡 ┬℞䪞䇕⃒⊊ˤ l VET ㍸ὃ侭ⷠ℟ ⁁攟㛇ㄋ䓐䘬⑩ 岒ᾅ嫱烊劍傥ẍ 㬌䴻槿䁢➢䢶ἄ 㚜忚ᶨ㬍䘤⯽炻 ⮯ 㚫 㚜 ⭡ 㖻 ㆸ ≇ˤ l 㻠忚ᷳṳ䳡ㆾ⻟ ⊾䭉䎮⑩岒ᾅ嫱 㕡㱽炻⎗ẍ䓊䓇 栗叿㓡┬ˤ ü ü 㬌ᶨ䧵㛐㍉⍾ㇳ 㭝䁢ỽ烎 ㅱ㍉⍾ᷳ埴≽ EQAVET 㝞㥳㵝 味ὃㅱ VET ᷳ ㇨㚱朊⎹炻⻟⊾ VET ㅱ ⽆ ⺢ 䩳 䎦埴ὃㅱᷳ⑩岒 ᾅ嫱 l VET ㍸ ὃ 侭 ⤪ ỽ 忳 䓐 EQAVET烎 l 娚㝞㥳⤪ỽ㓡┬℞⑩岒ᾅ嫱 㕡㱽烎 l 娚⑩岒ᾅ嫱㕡㱽㗗⏎⎗䭉䎮 ⍲⮎晃⎗埴䘬烎 炷临ᶳ枩炸

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堐 3炷临炸 03 冒ㆹ姽慷㔯⊾ 㬌ᶨ䧵㛐冯 4 昶㭝 EQAVET ⑩ 岒⽒䑘斄Ὢ 斄挝⓷柴ȹȹ 斄㕤ㆸ≇斄挝⚈䳈 ᷳ⓷柴 婚䦳⬠佺ȹȹ ⺢嬘ẍ⼴㕘䘬㕡⺷ 3.䘤⯽冒ㆹ姽慷 㔯⊾ 夷 ∫ ⮎㕥 姽Ộ 冯姽 慷 㩊妶 冯ᾖ 㬋 l 䭉䎮侭⤪ỽὫ忚 ㆸ⒉⍲℞Ṿデ冰 嵋⇑⭛斄ὪṢ炻 ㊩临⍵䚩 VET ὃ ㅱ⑩岒烎 l VET ㍸ὃ侭⤪ỽ 冯℞Ṿ㍸ὃ侭⼤ 㬌⬠佺烎 l 冒ㆹ姽慷ㆸ㝄⤪ ỽ忳䓐㕤㓡┬⑩ 岒烎 l 㕤⓮㤕⍲䪞䇕䑘 ⠫炻VET ㍸ὃ侭 ⤪ỽ↮ṓ㚱㓰⮎ ⊁烎 l 德㖶⊾㚱≑㕤㇨ 㚱⇑⭛斄ὪṢ䚳 㶭ὃㅱ⑩岒炻ẍ ⍲⿅侫ỽ䧖㕡⺷ ⎗ 䓐 㕤 㓡 ┬ ⑩ 岒ˤ l ⤪㝄⮰㲐㕤㓡┬ 㔁⬠⍲⬠佺侴朆 ㍏⇞ㇳ㭝炻⮯㚜 ⎗傥∝忈ㆸ≇䘬 ⑩岒ᾅ嫱㕡㱽ˤ l ㊩临⮵娙⍲㹅忂 䁢ㆸ≇䘬冒ㆹ姽 Ộ慵天⚈䳈ˤ ü ü 㬌ᶨ䧵㛐㍉⍾ㇳ 㭝䁢ỽ烎 ㅱ㍉⍾ᷳ埴≽ Ὣ忚⍵䚩⍲冒ㆹ 姽慷ᷳ㔯⊾⮯傥 㓡┬ὃㅱ⑩岒 l 㗗⏎㇨㚱㴱⍲ VET ᷳ⍫冯 侭悥傥冒ㆹ姽慷烎 l 㗗⏎䭉䎮⛀昲㓗㊩冒ㆹ姽 慷烎 04 㓗㊩ㆸ⒉妻䶜 㬌ᶨ䧵㛐冯 4 昶㭝 EQAVET ⑩ 岒⽒䑘斄Ὢ 斄挝⓷柴ȹȹ 斄㕤ㆸ≇斄挝⚈䳈 ᷳ⓷柴 婚䦳⬠佺ȹȹ ⺢嬘ẍ⼴㕘䘬㕡⺷ 4.㓗㊩ㆸ⒉⍫冯 ⑩岒ᾅ嫱䚠斄 妻䶜 夷 ∫ ⮎㕥 姽Ộ 冯姽 慷 㩊妶 冯ᾖ 㬋 l 䭉䎮侭⤪ỽ䡢ᾅ 㭷ᾳṢ䌚⼿℞暨 天ᷳ⑩岒ᾅ嫱妻 䶜烎 l ㆸ⒉妻䶜⤪ỽℤ ℟ㆸ㛔㓰䙲⍲䡢 ᾅ檀⑩岒ὃㅱ烎 l ⮹慷⑩岒ᾅ嫱妻 䶜⎗ẍ䌚农⣏䘬 㓰䙲ˤ l ⑩岒ᾅ嫱妻䶜⽭ 枰䁢柀⮶侭⍲䭉 䎮⛀昲㇨㓗㊩ˤ l ⺢䩳⛐䎦⬀䘬⑩ 岒ᾅ嫱⬱㌺炻⮯ 㚫㚜䁢ㆸ≇ˤ ü ü ü 㬌ᶨ䧵㛐㍉⍾ㇳ 㭝䁢ỽ烎 ㅱ㍉⍾ᷳ埴≽ VET ẘ 岜 ㆸ ⒉ 䘬䞍嬀ˣ㈨傥⍲ 傥≃炻⤪㝄ㆸ⒉ ⡆忚⑩岒ᾅ嫱シ 嬀炻VET ⮯㚜傥 ⻟⊾ l 㗗⏎㇨㚱⍫冯 VET 侭⛯⎗ 䌚⼿⎗䓐ᷳ⑩岒ᾅ嫱㓗㊩⍲ 妻䶜烎 炷临ᶳ枩炸

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堐 3炷临炸 05 忳䓐屯㕁⍲⚆棳 ẍ㓡┬ VET 㬌ᶨ䧵㛐冯 4 昶㭝 EQAVET ⑩ 岒⽒䑘斄Ὢ 斄挝⓷柴ȹȹ 斄㕤ㆸ≇斄挝⚈䳈 ᷳ⓷柴 婚䦳⬠佺ȹȹ ⺢嬘ẍ⼴㕘䘬㕡⺷ 5.忳䓐屯㕁⍲⚆ 棳 ẍ 㓡 ┬ VET 夷 ∫ ⮎㕥 姽Ộ 冯姽 慷 㩊妶 冯ᾖ 㬋 VET ㍸ ὃ 侭 ἧ 䓐 EQAVET ㊯㧁㚱ỽ ⇑䙲烎 VET ㍸ὃ侭ㅱ⤪ỽ ἄ烎 l 㰢⭂恋ṃ屯㕁㗗 䚠斄䘬烎 l ⭂佑吸普屯㕁Ἦ 㸸烎 l ↮㜸屯㕁烎 l 忳䓐屯㕁ẍ㓡┬ ⑩岒烎 l 䲣䴙⊾⍲㊩临⿏ 吸普ˣ↮㜸冯屯 㕁忳䓐㕡㱽炻㍸ ὃ妪⭂䚠斄 VET ὃㅱ㰢䫾㚜䁢⬱ ℐ㕡⺷ˤ l ⮵ ⬠ 佺 侭 ˣ 㔁 ⷓˣ景ᷣ㩊夾炻 䁢 㓡 ┬ ㇨ ⽭ 天 䘬ˤ l 德㖶⊾㚱≑㕤㭷 ᾳṢ䝕妋ỽ䧖㓡 嬲㗗⽭天䘬ȹȹ 䓐ẍ㓗㊩⑩岒㓡 ┬ˤ ü ü 㬌ᶨ䧵㛐㍉⍾ㇳ 㭝䁢ỽ烎 ㅱ㍉⍾ᷳ埴≽ VET ⽭ 枰 ℤ 栏 景ᷣ⍲⬠佺侭暨 㯪ˤ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞ ⹎斄挝⛐㕤䲣䴙 ⊾ 吸 普 ䷦ 㓰 屯 㕁炻᷎䓐㕤 VET ὃㅱ侭ẍᾖ㬋⍲ 㓡┬ὃㅱˤ l 屯㕁⍲⚆棳⤪ỽ↮㜸᷎䓐㕤 㓡┬ VET ὃㅱ烎 l EQAVET ㊯㧁⍲℞シ㵝㍷徘 㗗⏎㚱≑㕤⭂佑䘤⯽柀➇烎 06 ⇑⭛斄ὪṢᷳ⍫ 冯 㬌ᶨ䧵㛐冯 4 昶㭝 EQAVET ⑩ 岒⽒䑘斄Ὢ 斄挝⓷柴ȹȹ 斄㕤ㆸ≇斄挝⚈䳈 ᷳ⓷柴 婚䦳⬠佺ȹȹ ⺢嬘ẍ⼴㕘䘬㕡⺷ 6.䡢ᾅ VET 㗗➢ 㕤⢾悐⍲ℏ悐⇑ ⭛斄ὪṢ⍫冯 夷 ∫ ⮎㕥 姽Ộ 冯姽 慷 㩊妶 冯ᾖ 㬋 l ⤪ỽ⮯ VET ℏ悐 ⑩岒㩊夾䲵ℍ侫 慷烎 l ⤪ỽ吸普⍲⮯斄 挝⢾悐⇑⭛斄Ὢ Ṣ 㩊 夾 䲵 ℍ 侫 慷烎 l ⤪ỽ⎹䪞䇕侭⍲ ℞Ṿ VET ㍸ὃ侭 ⬠佺烎 l VET ᷣ天⛐㍸ὃ 景ᷣ暨㯪ˤ l 冯⋨➇⍲⚳⭞ℏ ᷳ⋼㚫ẍ⍲䚠栆 Ụ䳬䷼⎰ἄ炻⎗ ẍ䘤⯽㚜⤥䘬⑩ 岒䭉䎮忶䦳ˤ ü ü ü ü 㬌ᶨ䧵㛐㍉⍾ㇳ 㭝䁢ỽ烎 ㅱ㍉⍾ᷳ埴≽ VET 㗗 ➢ 㕤 㓧 ⹄ˣ䣦㚫⣍Ờ⍲ ⚳ ⭞ ⇑ ⭛ 斄 Ὢ Ṣ烊景ᷣ⍲ VET ㍸ὃ侭烊⬠佺侭 ⍲䣦佌攻ᷳ㚱㓰 ⣍ Ờ ˤ ℞ ∝ 忈 VET ⇞ ⹎ ➢ 䞛 炻 ᷎ ἧ ℞ ⻟ ⊾ˣ冯借㤕䚠斄 ⍲⎗㍍⍿ˤ l 㗗⏎ὃㅱ⑩岒㓡┬㗗➢㕤⇑ ⭛斄ὪṢ⚆棳烎 l 恋ṃℏ悐⍲⢾悐㩊夾暨䲵ℍ 侫慷烎 l 㗗⏎㚱䲣䴙⊾㕡㱽慸㶭⍲䫎 ⎰⇑⭛斄ὪṢ暨㯪烎

屯㕁Ἦ㸸烉㔜䎮冒“Developing guidelines for supporting quality assurance in VET systems,” by ENQA-VET, 2009. “Building a quality assurance approach in line with the EQAVET – Guidelines for VET providers,” by EQAVET, 2012.

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㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱Ὢẍ⮎嫱➢䢶炷evidence-based炸⍲ㆸ㝄⮶⎹ 炷outcomes-focused炸㕡㱽⺢㥳 VET ⑩岒ᾅ嫱ˤ㫸㳚 VET ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㝞㥳⮵㕤㍸ ὃ侭ˣ⬠佺侭⍲℞Ṿ⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㇨傥䌚农ᷳ⇑䙲⤪ᶳ炷Ḷ㈧⸛ˣ㜿ᾆ⛯炻2012烊 EQAVET, 2011炸烉 炷ᶨ炸⡆忚德㖶⿏⍲䦣≽≃ 啱䓙⺢䩳ᶨ枭㚫⒉⚳攻↮ṓ冯Ḯ妋ᷳ⑩岒䳬ㆸℏ⭡炻㬌ᶨ㝞㥳⡆忚德㖶⿏ˣᶨ 农⿏ˣ⎗㓄⿏⍲⬠佺侭⽆ᶵ⎴⚳⭞⍲⬠佺䑘⠫㇨⍾⼿傥≃⍲屯㬟䘬娵⎗炻⎗⡆忚⬠ 佺侭⍲ⶍἄ侭䘬䦣≽≃ˤ 炷Ḵ炸䳪幓⬠佺奨溆䘬₡ῤ㺚德 倂䃎㕤㓡┬⍲姽Ộ VET 䓊↢⍲ㆸ㝄炻Ṏ⌛㗗⯙㤕≃ˣ妻䶜ᷳὃ䴎冯暨㯪䚠Ḻ惵 ⎰ˣ⍲㚜⤥䘬㍍⍿䳪幓妻䶜䘬䭉忻炷䈡⇍㗗⻙⊊佌橼炸炻㓭㬌ᶨ㝞㥳㫚忼ㆸ䚖㧁䁢烉 1.ἧ VETˣ㘖忂㔁做⍲檀䫱㔁做⬠佺忚嶗䚠Ḻ㺚德炻侴䃉枰⺞攟⬠佺侭䘬㔁做冯妻 䶜烊2.䓐㕤⃳㚵䚖⇵⣙㤕⓷柴炻啱䓙㺧嵛⊆≽ⶪ⟜暨㯪⍲⊆≽≃屯㬟烊3.⃩姙㚜㚱⻰ ⿏䘬⬠佺忚嶗炻⻟⊾䳪幓⬠佺ᷳ㨇㚫ˤ 炷ᶱ炸Ὣἧ VET 㚜℟⏠⺽≃ 啱䓙⑩岒ᾅ嫱忚侴䚠Ḻ娵⎗炻➡梲嶐⚳ˣ⚳⭞⍲悐攨攻䘬䦣≽≃炻VET ㍸ὃ侭 ⎗ẍ⻟⊾℞妻䶜夷䭬ˣ㍸⋯妻䶜妰䔓䘬⏠⺽≃炻⍲⡆忚℞㲃㫸㳚倚嬥ˤ㬌ᶨ㝞㥳Ὢ ➢㕤 VET ㆸ㝄炻㓭枰Ὣ忚 VET ㍸ὃ侭⍲℔⎠攻ᷳ⎰ἄ炻Ṏ⌛ VET ㍸ὃ侭枰⻟⊾㔁 做⍲妻䶜冯⊆≽ⶪ⟜攻䘬忋䳸ˤ 䵄⎰侴妨炻➢㕤㫸㳚 VET ⑩岒ᾅ嫱䘬㍐≽炻㭷ᶨỵ⬠佺侭㇨⬠佺⇘䘬婚䦳冯⬠ ↮悥℟⁁ᶨ农䘬⑩岒炻⮯㚱≑㕤㇨ᾖ佺⬠↮嶐㟉䳗䧵炻啱㬌⻟⊾⣂⃫忚嶗⍲䳪幓⬠ 佺炻᷎忚侴⍾⼿堐⼘傥≃ᷳ㔯ㄹㆾ屯㬟嫱㚠烊℞㫉炻㍸⋯ VET 䁢䫱⎴㘖忂⬠埻㔁做炻 ἧ⬠䓇夾 VET 䁢怑⿏怠㑯炻㒂ẍ㺧嵛⊆≽ⶪ⟜暨㯪ˤ

ဓȃᇃᢊ׬டਮ଱ຟᠦڙ࡙௰ଢ଼౪ݷᇄ୰ᚠ!

役⸜Ἦ⮰䥹⍲㈨埻⬠⒉⣏慷㓡⇞ㆾ㓡⎵䁢⣏⬠炻檀借⬠䓇㻠ẍ⋯⬠䁢⮶⎹炻⺽ 䘤⢾䓴⮵㈨借㔁做⭂ỵᶵ㖶ˣ⬠䓐句ⶖ䘬㈡姽ˤ⯌℞炻㈨⮰㟉昊ㅱẍ➡梲⊁⮎农䓐

(24)

ᷳ⮰㤕㈨埻Ṣㇵ䁢䚖㧁炻婚䦳ㅱ冯借⟜暨㯪䵲⭮䳸⎰炻᷎ẍ⯙㤕䁢⮶⎹炻㓭ㅱ德忶 䚠斄姽揹⍲⑩岒ᾅ嫱㓧䫾嬲朑炻ẍ⺽⮶㈨⮰㟉昊㛅⎹䓊⬠Ṣㇵ➡做炻⊁⮎㔁⬠䁢ᷣ 㕡⎹䘤⯽ˤẍᶳ⮯↮⇍⯙冢䀋㈨⮰㟉昊姽揹⇞⹎㍐≽䎦㱩冯⓷柴炻↮⇍斉徘ᷳˤ

Ιȃ౪ݷ!

冢䀋䁢㍸⋯㈨⮰㟉昊㔁⬠⑩岒炻᷎ 䁢庼⮶ˣ䋶⊝⍲㟠Ⅾ⬠㟉⎬䧖䓛婳㟰ẞ⍫ 侫炻㔁做悐㕤 1975 ⸜崟冱彎⮰䥹⬠㟉姽揹ⶍἄ炻᷎冒 2001 ⸜⹎崟炻⮯ˬ⬠㟉㔜橼˭ 婧㔜䁢⍿姽╖ỵ炻ᶨ㫉⿏彎䎮埴㓧栆䵄⎰㟉⊁⍲⮰㤕栆䥹䲣㇨姽揹炻㭷㟉 4 ⸜廒姽 ᶨ㫉ˤ2005 ⬠⸜⹎崟㔁做悐⥼妿冢䀋姽揹⋼㚫彎䎮䫔ᶨ忙㛇䥹㈨⣏⬠姽揹炻妰㚱 32 㟉⬴ㆸ姽揹炻2006 军 2012 ⬠⸜⹎⬴ㆸ 60 ㇨䥹㈨⣏⬠姽揹ˤ⎎⢾⛐㈨埻⬠昊姽揹悐 ↮炻⇯⥼妿⚳䩳暚㜿䥹㈨⣏⬠㕤 2006 军 2012 ⬠⸜⹎彎䎮炻妰㚱 66 㟉⬴ㆸ姽揹ˤ⎎ 䁢㓡忚嬟䎮㔁做炻䈡⥼妿冢䀋嬟䎮㔁做姽揹⥼⒉㚫㕤 2006 军 2012 ⬠⸜⹎彎䎮 31 ㇨ ⮰䥹⬠㟉嬟䎮䥹姽揹炷㈨⮰㟉昊姽揹屯妲䵚炻2013b烊⻝⽫⿉炻2012炸ˤ 冒⽆㈨⮰㟉昊彎䎮䵄⎰姽揹ẍἮ炻晾忼ㆸ姽䫱⃒≋ˣ䘤㍀⓷柴ˣ⮶⺽㕡⎹ˣ䜋 Ὣ㓡忚⍲庼⮶⺢嬘䫱≇傥炻⮵㍸檀㈨借㔁做㯜㸾䓂℟届䌣炻Ữ姽揹㧁㸾ᶨ农⊾炻⎗ 傥旸⇞⎬㟉䈡刚䘤⯽ˤ⬠㟉䁢䇕⍾姽揹ㆸ䷦炻农䘤⯽䷦㓰徥㯪慷䘬⡆≈烊侴姽揹 ⥼⒉䘬⮰㤕冯ΐ䎮㚱㗪Ṏ怕⇘岒䔹ˤ㓭㔁做悐⥼妿檀䫱㔁做姽揹ᷕ⽫➢慹㚫彎䎮ˬ㈨ ⮰㟉昊姽揹㓡忚妰䔓˭炻ὅ㒂娚妰䔓⼴姕姽揹㇨㍸⺢嬘炻夷∫ᶳᶨ忙㛇姽揹㓡忚䫾䔍 ᷎ᾖ妪姽揹㊯㧁炷⻝⽫⿉炻2012炸ˤὅ㒂ˬ㈨⮰㟉昊姽揹㓡忚妰䔓˭炻㔁做悐㰢⭂⮯ ᶳᶨ忙㛇㈨⮰㟉昊姽揹䓙䫱䫔⇞㓡䁢娵⎗⇞炻ẍ⇑⎬㟉䘤⯽䈡刚ˤ娵⎗⇞冯䫱䫔⇞ 䘬ⶖ䔘⛐㕤烉炷ᶨ炸䓙⬠㟉冒妪䚖㧁炻ὅ㒂⬠㟉姕䩳䚖䘬ˣ⬿㖐妪⭂䘤⯽㕡⎹炻᷎忳 䓐屯㸸忼ㆸ㇨妪䚖㧁烉炷Ḵ炸⽆㓰㧁⍫䄏㓡ㆸ冒ㆹ⍫䄏炻㷃⮹㟉晃攻㭼庫炻ẍ⚆㬠ẍ 姽揹 䁢冒ㆹ㓡忚䘬㛔岒䚖㧁炷⻝⽫⿉炻2012炸ˤ

Πȃ୰ᚠ!

冢䀋䧵㤝德忶姽揹⇞⹎㍸⋯㈨⮰㟉昊㔜橼⑩岒炻᷎⮯役⸜Ἦ䘬䘤⯽ㆸ㝄徸㬍⎹ 㴟⢾⍲㜙⋿Ṇ廠↢ᷳ㥖㘗ᶳ炻ṵ⬀⛐悐↮ṇ⼭㓡┬ᷳ嗽炻ῤ⼿Ḱẍ䚩⿅炻᷎㩊妶䱦 忚炻↮⇍婒㖶⤪ᶳ烉 炷ᶨ炸冢䀋䫔ᶱ䳂㔁做炷⊭㊔ᶨ凔⣏⬠⍲㈨⮰㟉昊炸㔁做屯㸸↮惵炻普ᷕ㕤℔ 䩳⣏⬠⍲㈨⮰㟉昊炻䥩䩳⣏⬠㟉昊㇨傥䌚⼿屯㸸⶚䃞庫⮹炻侴䥩䩳㈨⮰㟉昊↮惵屯 㸸㚜Ỷ炻Ữ冢䀋Ỷ㓞ℍ⻙⊊⭞⹕⬠䓇⌣普ᷕ⛐䥩䩳㈨⮰㟉昊ᷕ炻⏰䎦↢㔁做ᶵ℔⸛

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䎦尉炷㣲㛅䤍炻2013炸ˤ⎴㗪炻冢䀋ẍ㈨⮰㟉昊姽揹䳸㝄 䁢庼⮶ˣ䋶⊝⍲㟠Ⅾ⬠㟉 ⎬䧖䓛婳㟰ẞ⍫侫炻Ữ䓙㕤姽揹㧁㸾ᶨ农⊾ˣ䵄⎰⣏⬠⊾炻⮶农屯㸸ᶵ嵛䘬䥩㟉䁢 㺧嵛㇨㚱㊯㧁天㯪炻屯㸸↮㔋䘬䳸㝄农姽揹䷦㓰句⼴炻㒂㬌↮惵䋶墄≑㫦㷃⮹炻㚜 䃉≃⻟⊾姽揹ᶵ嵛枭䚖炻ᶵ┣㗗㆚优⻙⊊ˤ 炷Ḵ炸冢䀋㈨⮰㟉昊姽揹ᶨ䚜晐叿檀䫱㔁做姽揹䘤⯽侴ᾖ㬋炻䓙䫱䫔⇞忚侴ᾖ 㬋䁢娵⎗⇞炻侴娵⎗⇞䁢⢾悐⑩岒⮑㟠䘬忶䦳炻啱䓙娛䳘㩊㞍䫔ᶱ䳂㔁做䘬㨇㥳⍲ ⮰攨柀➇炻ẍ䡢ᾅ℞⑩岒ᾅ嫱冯⑩岒㓡忚炻℞ㆸ≇䳸㝄㗗ᶨ㇨㨇㥳ㆾᶨ攨⮰攨柀➇ ⍿⇘娵⎗ˤ晾㫸㳚 VET ⑩岒ᾅ嫱Ṏ⻟婧忚ᶨ㬍冯檀䫱㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱⎰ἄ炻Ữᶵ䭉 VET ㆾ檀䫱㔁做⛯ẍ⑩岒ᾅ嫱䁢➢䢶ˤ冢䀋檀䫱㔁做ⷓ㱽伶⚳炻㓭檀䫱㔁做㍉埴伶 ⚳娵⎗⇞姽揹⇞⹎烊䃞侴㈨借㔁做ⷓ㱽⽟⚳⍲㽛㳚炻娚Ḵ⚳⭞ㆾ⋨➇⌣㗗㍉埴⑩岒 ᾅ嫱⇞⹎炻ょ冢䀋ṵẍ娵⎗⇞姽揹 䁢ᶳᶨ廒㈨⮰㟉昊姽揹ἄ㱽炻晾䃉ᶵ⥍炻Ữ⤪ ỽ⮯⑩岒ᾅ嫱ἄ㱽圵ℍ娵⎗⇞姽揹ᷕ炻ῤ⼿㶙⿅ˤ ᶼ䎦埴㈨⮰㟉昊䁢䇕⍾庫檀䘬姽揹ㆸ䷦炻农䘤⯽䷦㓰徥㯪慷䘬⡆≈炻⬠㟉⎒ ⛐ㅱẀ姽揹炻侴㛒傥䧵㤝⮯㍸⋯⬠㟉彎⬠⑩岒↿䁢椾天ả⊁ˤ℞⮎㍸⋯⬠㟉彎⬠⑩ 岒椾慵⛐⺢䩳㊩临㓡┬⍲䱦忚⑩岒㔯⊾炻⮯℞ℏ⊾㕤⽫ᷕ炻℟橼埴䁢堐䎦㕤㖍ⷠ䓇 㳣ᷕˤ䇘⤪ỽ⺢䩳᷎⻟⊾䳬䷼䘬⑩岒ᾅ嫱㔯⊾炻ῤ⼿䧵㤝㍊妶ˤ 炷ᶱ炸ᶵ婾娵⎗⇞姽揹ㆾ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎炻⛯⻟婧ℏ悐⇑⭛斄ὪṢ——⬠佺侭ˣ ⬠㟉埴㓧Ṣ⒉ˣ㔁ⷓ炻ẍ⍲⢾悐⇑⭛斄ὪṢ——ẩ㤕炷䓊㤕炸ˣ䣦⋨ˣ㓧⹄㨇斄䘬䧵 㤝⍫冯炻⌛⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳ㍐≽⛐㕤㍸ὃ⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㺧シ䘬⑩岒ˤ⛐㬌⇵㍸炻㈨⮰㟉昊 Ṏ⛐䧵㤝㍐≽ℏ悐冒ㆹ姽揹烊Ữ⯙⢾悐姽揹悐↮炻姽揹⥼⒉䘬⣂ẍ㓧⹄㨇斄ˣ㈨⮰ 㟉昊⬠侭㇨䳬ㆸ炻冯⺽⮶⬠㟉䈡刚䘤⯽斄Ὢ⭮↯䘬ẩ㤕炷䓊㤕炸⍲䣦⋨ẋ堐炻⌣㛒 䧵㤝䲵ℍˤ℞⮎炻⬠㟉ㅱ夷∫⭂ỵ⬠䓇䔊㤕⼴㇨㫚朊⮵䘬㇘⟜炻᷎㒂㬌夷∫ㅱ墅⁁ 䴎⬠䓇䘬㬎☐炻ἧ℞⎗ẍ⛐㇘⟜ᷕ䓇⬀炻忚侴䌚⼿⊅⇑ˤ㓭⤪ỽ冯⯙㤕ⶪ⟜⃭↮扄 ㍍炻➡做ẩ㤕炷䓊㤕炸㇨暨ᷳṢㇵ炻ㇵ㗗⬠㟉㇨ㅱ䧵㤝㍐≽ᷳ彎⬠䚖㧁ˤ 炷⚃炸㈨⮰㟉昊⛐姽揹⇞⹎⺽⮶ᶳ炻⮯徸㬍㛅⎹䈡刚⊾䘤⯽炻Ữ⬠䓇劍ᶵ䞍忻 冒⶙䘬冰嵋ˣ⮰攟⍲䅙ね⛐⒒墉炻⮯䃉㱽怑ㅱ⬠㟉⬠佺䓇㳣炻⚈䁢劍㰺㚱䅙ね㓗㊩炻 ⛐忁ṃ㚜⻟婧⮎ 䢐䶜䘬䲣㇨ℏ炻⬑⫸⼰暋↢栆㉼厫炷⻝㿆㔯炻2013炸ˤỮ冢䀋ẍ⼨ 德忶㈨⮰㟉昊䴙ᶨℍ⬠㷔槿ˣ⍲䒬怠ℍ⬠炻攟㛇⬀⛐⎵㟉徟⿅炻怠㟉ᶵ怠䲣⶚ㆸⷠ ン炻㓭ℍ⬠⼴怑ㅱᶵ列ˣ冰嵋ᶵ⎰㇨⛐⣂㚱炻ḇ⚈㬌⼊ㆸ⬠㟉ㆾ㔁ⷓ⮵⬠䓇借㤕冰 嵋娎㍊ἄ㱽ˣ⍲䚠斄慷堐㛒冣‍ℐˤỮ⛐㈨⮰㟉昊䈡刚⊾⼴炻䃉⎗性⃵ㅱ⻟⊾⬠䓇 ℍ⬠⇵借㤕娎㍊惵⣿ἄ㱽炻⏎⇯⬠䓐句ⶖね⼊⮯䃉㱽℟橼㓡┬ˤ

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ӂȃ๖፣ᇄ࡚ដ!

⤪ỽ㍸⋯᷎䡢ᾅ借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒⍲⬠䓇⬠佺ㆸ㝄⶚ㆸ䁢ℐ䎫㔁做䘤⯽慵天 ⚈䳈炻冢䀋 2013 ⸜㈨⮰㟉昊䘬姽揹娎彎娵⎗⇞炻℞慵溆⻟婧⬠㟉䷦㓰屔ảˣ冒ㆹ㓡 ┬ˣ⬠䓇䘬⬠佺ㆸ㝄ᷳ⑩岒ᾅ嫱炻⎗夳⚳⢾㍐≽㈨借㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱⶚徸㻠圵ℍ冢䀋 㔁做䘤⯽ˤ℞㫉炻㈨埻⍲借㤕㔁做㴱⍲䚠䔞⣂栆✳⇑⭛斄ὪṢ炻⊭⏓⬠佺侭ˣẩ㤕 ⍲䓊㤕ˣ䣦⋨ˣ㓧⹄㨇斄ˣ㈨埻⍲借㤕㔁做妻䶜㨇㥳ˣ㔁ⷓ⍲妻䶜ⷓ䫱炻侴㈨埻⍲ 借㤕㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱炻⌛ẋ堐℞⬠佺ㆸ㝄⼿ẍ䫎⎰⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㛇㛃䘬⑩岒炻⊭㊔㇨暨 䘬傥≃ˣⶍἄ㸾⁁⹎ˣ䷦㓰屔ả⍲㺧嵛ᾳṢ借㵗䘤⯽⍲ⶍἄ廱㎃䫱枭ˤ㬌⢾炻ᷣ䭉 㨇斄姽揹㓧䫾夷∫炻䚠䔞䦳⹎⼙枧㈨⮰㟉昊㟉⊁㍐≽䫾䔍炻䇘㛔㔯ὅ㒂䞼䨞↮㜸䳸 㝄炻⽆姽揹㓧䫾㕡㟰夷∫奨溆炻⯙㇨㫚忼ㆸ䞼䨞䚖䘬炻↮⇍㍸↢䳸婾冯⺢嬘⤪ᶳ烉

Ιȃ๖፣!

炷ᶨ炸㫸䚇⑩岒ᾅ嫱㫚忼ㆸ䷦㓰屔ả冯⑩岒⻟⊾䚖㧁 ⎬⃰忚⚳⭞䘤⯽䴻槿炻᷎䃉ᶨ䧖姽揹⇞⹎⎗ẍℤ栏䷦㓰屔ả冯⑩岒⻟⊾炻⚈䁢 ䷦㓰姽揹ⷠ冯䴻屣墄≑ˣ㊃䓇怠㟉䚠忋䳸炻⬠㟉䁢性⃵姽揹䳸㝄ᶵἛ⼙枧䴻屣墄≑ ㆾ㊃䓇䳸㝄炻⎗傥㚫⛐姽揹忶䦳ᷕ䰱梦仢溆ˣ㍑梦䛇䚠炻侴䃉㱽忼ㆸ冒ㆹ㓡忚ˣ⑩ 岒ᾅ嫱䘬䚖䘬炷昛㋗怈炻2011炸ˤ㫸䚇⮯ PIER ⑩岒⽒䑘⍲㊩临⑩岒㓡┬㬟䦳ˣ借㤕 㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒夷㸾⍲℞ℏ㵝昛徘ˣ⍲➢㕤䲣䴉ȹ廠ℍȹ忶䦳ȹ廠↢㧉⺷㇨⺢㥳⑩ 岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㊯㧁䚠䳸⎰炻 䁢㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㝞㥳慵天ℏ㵝炻㚱 㓰忼ㆸ䷦㓰屔ả⍲⑩岒ᾅ嫱暁慵䚖㧁ˤ 炷Ḵ炸⺢䩳⑩岒㓡┬⍲冒ㆹ⍵䚩㔯⊾ ὅ㒂㫸䚇⑩岒ᾅ嫱ℙ忂㔯ẞ炻℞慵溆⊭㊔⺢䩳⛐㓗㊩⍲慵夾⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳ㔯⊾炻 ⽭枰⽆㇨朊⮵⎬ᾳ朊⎹ᷕ⻟⊾⑩岒ᾅ嫱炻Ὣ忚⍵䚩⍲冒ㆹ姽慷ᷳ㔯⊾炻⺢䩳䲣䴙⊾ 吸普䷦㓰屯㕁᷎䓐㕤ᾖ㬋⍲㓡┬⑩岒炻䳸⎰㓧⹄ˣ䣦㚫⣍Ờ⍲⚳⭞⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⑩岒 㺧シ䚖㧁ˤṎ⌛㫸䚇⑩岒ᾅ嫱⮎㕥冯㍐≽炻椾⛐↮㜸Ḯ妋㇨⎗傥朊冐䘬䲣䴉䑘⠫ˣ ⇑⭛斄ὪṢ㇨㫚⑩岒䚖㧁枭䚖⍲㺧シ䦳⹎烊℞㫉⛐㕤⺢䩳䳬䷼ℏ悐慵夾⑩岒ᾅ嫱ˣ ⍵䚩⍲冒ㆹ姽慷㔯⊾炻᷎德忶⎬枭吸普⚆棳㨇⇞炻㒂ẍᾖ㬋⑩岒ᾅ嫱ἄ㱽ˤ侴⺢䩳

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慵夾⑩岒䳬䷼㔯⊾㚜䁢䳬䷼㍐≽⑩岒ᾅ嫱➢䞛炻ⓗ㚱䳬䷼ᷕ㭷ỵㆸ⒉⛯⮯⑩岒㔯⊾ ⍲㊩临㓡┬ℏ⊾䁢⸛㗪 ḳ㕡⺷炻 ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⥳傥℟橼句⮎ˤ 炷ᶱ炸⑩岒ᾅ嫱ṵ枰⺢䩳⢾悐姽Ộ㨇⇞ 䳬䷼ℏ悐晾⶚⃭↮⺢䩳㓗㊩ˣ慵夾⑩岒⍲冒ㆹ⍵䚩㔯⊾炻Ữṵ㚫㚱䳬䷼ℏ悐ㆸ ⒉䃉㱽䚳㶭ᷳ䚚溆冯⊭塙炻暨䓙⢾⛐⭊奨℔㬋䫔ᶱ侭Ḱẍ姽Ộ炻ⷞ忚㕘䘬⑩岒ἄ㱽炻 ἧ⼿䳬䷼⑩岒傥㚜䁢䱦忚炻㓭㫸䚇㍐≽⑩岒ᾅ嫱㗪炻昌⽭枰⊭⏓⢾悐㨇㥳㬋夷姽Ộ炻 Ṏ⌛℞妰䔓ㆾ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎枰啱䓙⢾悐䚋䜋ᾳ橼ㆾ╖ỵḰẍ姽Ộ炻ℤ慵ℏ悐冒姽⍲ ⢾悐姽Ộ炻⚈䁢⢾悐姽揹㰺㚱Ṣね⊭塙炻㗗㍐≽⑩岒仢⣙㓡┬ᷳ奨⮇侭冯姽Ộ侭ˤ 炷⚃炸⺢䩳ᷕ⣖䴙䯴⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎䘤⯽䲣䴉 ㍊妶㫸䚇⎬枭⑩岒ᾅ嫱㓧䫾䘤⯽炻⽆檀军Ỷ↮⇍䁢㫸㳚嬘㚫⍲⥼⒉㚫炷European Parliament and Council炸ˣ㫸䚇➟埴⥼⒉㚫炷European Commission炸ˣ㔁做⍲㔯⊾䷥会 炷Education and culture DG炸ˣ㫸㳚借㤕冯妻䶜䘤⯽ᷕ⽫炷European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training炸ˣ㫸㳚借㤕㔁做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱炷EQAVET炸炻㚨 䳪军㫸䚇⎬⚳炻㚱℞㓧䫾䘤⯽ᶨ农⿏炻侴ᶵ农忈ㆸ⣂柕楔干ˤġ ⎴㗪炻ᶵ婾檀䫱ㆾ㈨借㔁做炻㚨䳪⌛㗗䁢⯙㤕 㸾⁁炻㫸䚇德忶⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎炻 ἧ㫸䚇⎬枭⬠⇞⍲傥濘㊯㧁℟⁁ᶨ农⑩岒炻ἧ檀䫱⍲㈨借㔁做⼿ẍ䚠Ḻ㺚德炻昌⎗ 溻濍⺢灅暁濥⬠⇞炻ἧ㫸䚇⬠䓇嶐⚳炷㟉炸⬠佺㛇攻冯㇨ᾖ⼿ᷳ⬠↮傥⣈䚠Ḻ娵⎗ˣ 澝䧵冯㍉妰炻᷎傥Ὣ忚㫸䚇檀䫱㔁做⋨⑩岒ᾅ嫱䘤⯽炻᷎忼ㆸ㫸䚇⎬ㆸ⒉⚳攻⬠濚 炷濘炸⎗㓄⿏炻Ὣㆸ⯭㮹嶐⚳攻瀘≽⿏炻⻟⊾ᾳṢ借㵗䘤⯽⍲䳪幓⬠佺ˤġ

Πȃ࡚ដ!

炷ᶨ炸娵⎗⇞姽揹⻟⊾䷦㓰屔ả冯⑩岒⻟⊾䚖㧁ġ 㔁做悐䃉㱽ả䓙㈨⮰㟉昊⬠暄屣啱䓙ⶪ⟜㨇⇞婧㔜ᶳ炻⼊ㆸ₡㟤₝⚢⿏炻⮯ẘ 岜㔁做悐䋶墄≑㨇⇞㋡㲐㟉⊁忳ἄ䴻屣炻⇯枰婚ẍ䷦㓰屔ảˤỮ⛐䚖⇵㨇⇞ᶳ炻⮯ ᶵ⭡姙⚈䁢⬠㟉彎⬠䈡刚⃒列炻ㆾ⮰䱦㕤㝸ᶨ䈡⭂⯙㤕ⶪ⟜炻侴㚱⬠䓇Ṣ㔠ỶỮ⬠ 屣檀ᷳ⮷侴伶ᷳ⬠㟉⬀⛐ˤ冢䀋⣏⬠㟉昊⎒天⬠䓇Ṣ㔠Ỷ㕤㝸ᶨṢ㔠⌛䁢庼⮶徨⟜ ᷳ㧁䘬炻侴忁ṃ⬠㟉㚜普ᷕ㕤㈨⮰㟉昊ˤ㓭姽揹ṵㅱ⚆㬠℞⮰㤕⍲徥㯪㊩临㓡┬㛔 岒炻᷎ㅱ⭡姙⬠㟉ὅ㒂䘤⯽䚖㧁⍲䈡刚炻㬌Ṏ䁢⬠㟉徥㯪⑩岒ᾅ嫱慵⣏婀⚈炻ἧ℞ ⛐㓧䫾婀⮶⬠㟉䱦䶣⊾⍲䈡刚⊾䘤⯽ˤ

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℞㫉炻晾⑩岒⻟⊾䁢⮶⎹䘬娵⎗⇞姽揹炻⻟婧⑩岒㊩临㓡忚炻䚖䘬⛐㽨䘤⬠㟉 冒ㆹ㓡忚䘬≽≃炻ẍ䡢ᾅ℞㔁⬠⑩岒忼⇘ᶨ⭂攨㩣ˤỮṵ⎗德忶⢾悐姽揹⇞⹎炻⻟ 婧⬠㟉堐䎦冯ㆸ㓰ᷳ䷦㓰屔ả炻㍸ὃ↮惵㔁做枸䬿ὅ㒂ˤ᷎⎗啱䓙ℏ悐姽揹⍲⢾悐 姽揹㊯㧁㔜⎰炻⍣昌㊯㧁慵墯⿏炻啱䓙忙㛇⿏⢾悐姽揹旵Ỷ⬠㟉⮵℞㈿㉺⽫ンˤġ 炷Ḵ炸娵⎗⇞姽揹ㅱ䲵ℍ⑩岒㓡┬⍲冒ㆹ⍵䚩㔯⊾ġ 侴娵⎗⇞姽揹⻟婧䫎⎰䚖㧁炻慵夾䚖㧁忼ㆸˣ冒ㆹ㭼庫␴冒ㆹ㓡┬烊⑩岒ᾅ嫱 ⇯⻟婧䫎⎰㧁㸾炻慵夾⑩岒㓡┬ẍ忼⇘ᶨ⭂⑩岒ˤὅ㒂㔁做悐ˬ㔁做悐娎彎娵⭂䥹 ㈨㟉昊冒ㆹ姽揹㨇⇞⍲䳸㝄⮑㞍ἄ㤕⍇⇯˭夷⭂冒ㆹ姽揹ᷳ姽揹枭䚖炻⊭㊔㔁做䚖 㧁ˣ婚䦳ˣ㔁⬠ˣⷓ屯ˣ⬠佺屯㸸ˣ⍲䔊㤕䓇䓇㵗徥希㨇⇞䫱炷㔁做悐炻2013c炸炻 昌⬠䓇⬠佺ㆸ㓰㴱⍲⑩岒ᾅ嫱⢾炻ṵᶵ僓⍇㛔䫱䫔⇞㊯㧁ˤ䚠庫㕤㫸䚇㍐≽借㤕㔁 做冯妻䶜⑩岒ᾅ嫱炻⻟婧冯⢾悐⯙㤕ⶪ⟜⃭↮忋䳸ˣ⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⮵㕤䔊㤕䓇㈨傥㺧 シ⹎䫱炻䓙⢾悐槭≃Ὣἧℏ悐⑩岒㓡┬炻᷎⻟⊾䳬䷼⑩岒㓡┬⍲冒ㆹ⍵䚩ℏ悐槭≃炻 ẍ䓊↢䫎⎰㤕䓴暨㯪⑩岒䘬Ṣㇵ炻ῤ⼿冢䀋㍐≽㈨⮰㟉昊娵⎗⇞姽揹⍫侫ˤ ℞㫉炻㈨⮰㟉昊ᶵ婾㍉⍾䫱䫔⇞ㆾ娵⎗⇞炻⛯㫚德忶⢾悐≃慷炻ἧ⬠㟉≒≃㸾 ⁁䘬忶䦳炻ℏ⊾ㆸ ḳ䘬佺ㄋˤ⎴㗪炻枰嬻⬠㟉⍲℞䚠斄Ṣ⒉Ḯ妋姽揹䘬㛔岒炻⏎ ⇯⬠㟉ㆸ⒉娵䁢≈慵ⶍἄ炻⇘㚨⼴⯙㗗㳩㕤⼊⺷炻ᶼ劍⬠㟉ㆸ⒉⽫ᶵ䓀ねᶵ栀炻 Ṏ䃉㱽忼⇘㊩临㓡┬⑩岒䘬䚖䘬ˤ℞⮎炻⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎慵溆⛐㕤⮯⑩岒㓡┬シ嬀ℏ ⊾ㆸ⬠㟉ㆸ⒉䘬 ḳ佺ㄋ炻᷎堐䎦㕤㖍ⷠ㔁⬠⍲埴㓧ἄ䁢ᶲ炻䔞⬠㟉ㆸ⒉栀シ冒≽ 冒䘤⍣ 炻侴朆娵䁢≈慵℞ⶍἄ屈㑼炻᷎㊩临⿅侫䎦埴㔁⬠冯埴㓧ἄ㱽㚱䃉枰㓡忚 ᷳ嗽炻⛐啱≑⢾≃Ḱẍ⻟⊾炻⇯⛐句⮎⑩岒㓡┬䚖㧁⇵㍸ᶳ炻娵⎗⇞姽揹㍐≽⮯℟ 㚜⣏ㆸ㓰ˤ 炷ᶱ炸娵⎗⇞姽揹ㅱ⻟婧⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⃭↮⍫冯ġ ⎬⚳䚖⇵ᶵ婾㗗㍉埴娵⎗⺷姽揹ㆾ⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎炻⛯⻟婧⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⍫冯炻⊭ ⏓⬠㟉ℏ悐⇑⭛斄ὪṢ⍲⢾悐⇑⭛斄ὪṢˤ⯌℞炻冢䀋㈨借㔁做⍇ẍ檀借㔁做䁢䳪 䳸㔁做炻Ữ⚈㔁做㓡朑㘖姕⣏⬠⼴炻㍸⋯军㈨⮰㟉昊炻ょ䚠庫㕤㘖忂⣏⬠炻㈨⮰㟉 昊彎⬠䚖㧁⛐㕤➡做⬠䓇⯙㤕㈨傥ẍ⍲冯借⟜⃭↮扄㍍ˤ⛐㬌ᶨ⇵㍸ᶳ炻㈨⮰㟉昊 䔊㤕䓇⮯庫ᶨ凔⣏⬠㚜㖑朊冐ẩ炷䓊炸㤕景ᷣ炻㓭⤪ỽ㍸ὃ䫎⎰℞暨㯪䘬Ṣㇵ炻䁢 䚠䔞慵天䘬婚柴ˤ Ữ䚖⇵ᶵ婾䎦埴䫱䫔⇞ㆾ㛒Ἦ⮯㍉埴䘬㓡列⺷娵⎗⇞姽揹炻℞姽揹⥼⒉䳬ㆸṵ ẍ⬠侭䁢ᷣ炻庫⮹䲵ℍẩ炷䓊炸㤕景ᷣˤỮ⛐冢䀋䣦㚫徸㻠慵夾㈨借㔁做炻ẩ㤕ᷣ 慵夾傥≃㚜慵㕤⬠㬟ᶳ炻柣柣㕤℔攳⟜⎰㍸↢⺢妨炻斉徘冢䀋㈨借㔁做ㅱ㓡┬⍲≒

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≃ᷳ嗽炻㓭⤪ỽ⮯℞シ夳䲵ℍ㈨⮰㟉昊㟉⊁䘤⯽⍲朑㕘炻㚱岜㕤姽揹⇞⹎䧵㤝⮯ẩ 㤕ᷣ䲵ℍ姽揹⥼⒉炻㬌冱ᶵ⎗冯ẩ㤕ᷣ⺢䩳列⤥䓊⬠⎰ἄ斄Ὢ炻᷎⎗⚈䚳↢㈨⮰ 㟉昊㟉⊁䘤⯽ᶵ嵛ᷳ嗽炻㍸ὃẩ㤕ℏ屯㶙ᷣ䭉㑼ả㤕ⷓ炻⻟⊾䓊⬠暁㕡⎰ἄ斄Ὢˤ

炷⚃炸娵⎗⇞姽揹ㅱ䘤⯽ᶨ农⿏㍐≽䫾䔍ġ

ᶵ㔁做悐娵⎗⇞姽揹Ὢ䓙檀䫱㔁做⃰埴㍐≽炻㈨借㔁做嶇忚ˤ⎴㗪炻埴㓧昊 ⊆⥼㚫借㤕妻䶜⯨役⸜昌䧵㤝㍐≽妻䶜⑩岒姽㟠䲣䴙炷Taiwan Training Quality

System炸炻᷎夷∫ˬ借傥⮶⎹婚䦳⑩岒娵嫱ἄ㤕夷䭬˭炻ᶼ⶚㚱㈨⮰㟉昊≈ℍ娚䲣䴙炻 㓭㔁做悐娵⎗⇞姽揹⤪ỽ冯℞扄㍍㔜⎰炻ῤ⼿㶙ℍ㍊妶⍲⥍䁢夷∫ˤ 㓭ᶵ婾㗗娵⎗⇞姽揹ㆾ⑩岒娵嫱Ṏㅱ⺢䩳䴙䯴㨇㥳炻⎬㓧⹄㨇斄⍲⬠埻㨇㥳㚜 ㅱ䟜昌㛔ỵᷣ佑炻䧵㤝忚埴嶐悐㚫⋼婧⎰ἄ炻⏎⇯⌛ἧℵ⬴┬㍒㕥ㆾ夷∫炻⛐⎬冒 䁢㓧ᶳ炻昌䔲⸲㝞⯳⼺䃞忈ㆸ屯㸸㴒屣ˣ⣂柕楔干ẌṢ䃉㇨怑⽆⢾炻列┬伶シ䳪䨞 䃉㱽忼ㆸ炻㬌䁢ảỽ㓧䫾䡢⮎句⮎䘬㟡㛔炻ῤ⼿⮑ヶ⿅侫ˤ

ചȃ๖ᇭ!

冢䀋⶚橼娵⇘㈨埻⍲借㤕㔁做⑩岒ᾅ嫱ᷳ慵天⿏炻᷎⽆姽揹⡆↿⬠䓇⬠佺ㆸ㝄 攳⥳炻㛅⎹娵⎗⇞姽揹徸㬍句⮎炻劍⣏⬠㟉昊悥傥℟⁁ᶨ农䘬⑩岒炻ᶵ傥㷃⮹㓧 ⹄⎬枭姽揹姒夾ἄ㤕⍲⬠㟉㸾⁁姒夾姽揹屯㸸㓗↢⢾炻᷎㚱≑㕤嶐㟉⬠佺⬠↮㉝⃵ ⍲㍉娵ˣ嶐㟉暁倗⬠ỵᷳ㍉埴ˣ㘖忂⣏⬠⍲㈨⮰㟉昊䚠Ḻ㺚德⎰ἄ䘤⯽⣂⃫忚嶗ˤ ⎴㗪炻⬠㟉㍉埴⑩岒ᾅ嫱⇞⹎炻Ṏ㚱≑㕤⊆≽ⶪ⟜䘬忋䳸⍲ᾳṢ傥≃䘤⯽冯娵⎗ˤ ᶵ婾⬠䓇㗗⽆檀䫱㔁做ㆾ㈨借㔁做橼䲣䔊㤕炻㚨䳪枰朊⮵䘬⯙㗗⯙㤕炻忁ḇ㗗 ⎬⚳檀䫱㔁做⍲㈨借㔁做䓴䶂㖍嵐㧉䱲᷎䚠Ḻ㺚德ᷣ⚈ˤ㫸㳚德忶嶐⚳⎰ἄˣ忳䓐 ⒍㛔⑰㟡㬟䦳炷Copenhagen Process炸ↅ倂ℙ嬀ˣ᷎德忶㫸㳚 2020 䫾䔍⮯借㤕㔁做冯 妻䶜㍸⋯军㔜橼㇘䔍夷∫Ⰼ㫉ˤ⎴㗪炻㍸↢㫸㳚屯㬟㝞㥳ˣ⬠↮䳗妰⍲廱㎃⇞⹎䫱 ㍒㕥⍲ⶍ℟ἄ䁢㍐≽⑩岒ᾅ嫱➢䢶姕㕥炻忚侴㍐≽㫸㳚⑩岒ᾅ嫱⍫侫㝞㥳烉⽆⺢䩳 ℙ忂⑩岒㊯㧁⍲夷䭬ˣ䘤⯽ PIER ㊩临⑩岒㓡┬⽒䑘ˣℕ枭⑩岒㓡┬ℙ忂㔯ẞ䫱ᷳᶨ 农㝞㥳ᶳ炻天㯪⎬㚫⒉⚳⚈ㅱᾳ⇍暨㯪䘤⯽⑩岒㓡┬ⶍ℟炻啱ẍ㍐≽⮰㤕傥≃⎗夾 ⊾ˣ德㖶⿏ˣ䦣≽⿏炻⟹忈ẍ借㵗䘤⯽䁢➢䢶ᷳ䳪幓⬠佺℠䭬炻℞⑩岒ᾅ嫱㍐≽㬟 䦳ῤ⼿冢䀋䞼嬘娵⎗⇞姽揹⇞⹎㗪䘬⍫侫ˤ

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