Strategies in Helping Students with SEN in

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Strategies in Helping Students with SEN in Reading & Writing Tasks of HKDSE English

Language Papers

Speaker : Mr HUNG Wai-kuen, Rickie

(Registered Educational Psychologist) Date: 25th February, 2016

Venue: Rm WP 01, EDB Kowloon Tong Education Services Centre

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Main Principles

• What are the students’ strengths & weaknesses?

• Capitalize on the strengths to make up for the weaknesses

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Effective strategies

• Reading

– Skimming skills

– Identifying keywords in passage – Prioritize questions

– Identify question types

• Writing

– Frameworks (OREO, Hamburger, 5W, 5 senses) – Know commonly-used words & phrases

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Read the title Read the questions Guess the main idea

Scan the passage

Read Smart

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Step 1: Read the title

• Read & analyse the title and headers

• Highlight key words

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Step 2: Read the questions

• Analyse questions

• Highlight key words

• Look for clues about the passage’s topic

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Step 3: Guess the main idea

• Use keywords to guess what the passage is about

• Use 6 Ws Framework:

– Who?

– What?

– When?

– Where?

– Why?

– HoW?

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Step 4: Skim and scan the passage

Get the main idea:

– Read the first paragraph – Read the last paragraph

– Read the first and last sentences of each paragraph

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Step 5: Identify key words

• Highlight key vocabulary words

• Highlight words you don’t understand

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Reading comprehension

Skills for answering examination questions

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Rules of the game

• Tips on how to get started

• Understand the questions and detect

clues and key words (build a word bank!)

• Learn strategies to answer different types of questions

• Manage the use of time and effort

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Scan through the questions again

Questions you can answer Questions that are harder

Marks allocation to plan your time

and look for:

1. How to begin

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How to begin…

Start with questions you can answer Start with factual questions

• Saves time

• You get points for what you know

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Next …

Go back to the questions you have skipped.

• You might feel more relaxed after having answered other questions

• Your answer to one question may provide a clue

to the answer of another question

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Plan your time …

Try to save a few minutes at the end for review -

plan the maximum time you spend on each question

• Your first answer may not always be your best answer

• But change answers only if you have a good reason for doing so

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• Look at the highlighted or circled or underlined key words in the question

• Read the question

2X

s if you need to

• Make sure you understand what they’re trying to ask you

2. Understanding the question

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What kind of question is it?

• Types of questions

1. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

– Choose the correct meaning and / or words

– Match sub-headings or summarize meaning of paragraphs

2. True/ False/ Not Given

3. Completing tables, concept-maps, charts etc.

4. Open-ended questions 5. Summary Cloze

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Question Word Bank

• Some words appear very frequently in the exam questions , such as:

– Explain – Refer to

– According to / Based on – Discuss

– Name / Identify

• Students must know these words

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Writing

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Writing FRAMEWORK

• Give students a framework

• Give students a model to follow

• Task analysis

– Content – Language

– Organization

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Writing rubric: Choose which ones to practise

• Content

– Relevant & answers the question – Has details

– Creative

– Aware of audience

• Language

– Sentence structure accuracy & variety – Grammar overall accurate

– Appropriate vocabulary

– Appropriate punctuation & spelling – Suitable tone & style

• Organization

– Paragraphs (e.g., good introduction & conclusion)

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Choosing the right type of question

Choose the one you know best in Part B

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How to write…

 an introduction

 structured paragraphs

 a conclusion

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Writing Framework

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Writing framework

Writing Framework

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Writing framework

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Draft a plan

 spend about 5 minutes

 write down relevant points and key words

 put them in logical order

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• It should clearly answer the question

• Include:

 what you think (personal statement)

 your key arguments to support it

• Use similar wording as that in the question

How to write a good introduction

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How to write a good paragraph

Introduce one idea

Example 1:

Example 2:

Example….

Paragraph 1

Summarizing the one idea

1 sentence

1 sentence

2 or 3 sentences

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Linking words

Therefore

Yet

On the other hand Again

Consequently

Likewise Similarly

Contrarily

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How to write a good conclusion

Bring together all the key points

 Keep it short and precise

Do not add anything new

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words possible substitutes

very

extremely, quite, extraodinarily, exceedingly

nice

agreeable, pleasant, delightful, attractive, considerate

good

excellent, enjoyable, pleasant, fine, splendid

bad

disappointing, unsatisfactory, inadequate, faulty, harmful

terrible

horrible, unacceptable, unpleasant, disagreeable, dreadful

wonderful

marvellous, amazing, excellent, fine, enjoyable

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Special Examination Arrangement for candidates with SLD

• Extended time allowance (25% written, 15% MC)

• Enlarged print

• Ivory-colour question paper

• Write on alternate lines

• Write on one side of answer book

• Circle MC instead of filling in answer sheet

• Word processor (for illegible and/or slow writing)

– Overlay PDF format question-answer papers

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Special Examination Arrangement for candidates with SEN

• Speech-to-text software for Liberal Studies

– SLD students with writing impairment – MacBook Air

– Can edit text with keyboard / Chinese input method

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Special Examination Arrangement for candidates with ASD

• Plain text labels / description of questions that

involve high level comprehension, interpretation of cartoons or complicated pictures

• For Liberal Studies, History, Chinese History

The cartoon shows a man on a cart pulled by a donkey, whipping the donkey. The cart is carrying a bag labelled “Income of farmers” and the man has a thin pile of RMB notes in his pocket…

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Figure

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