Table of Contents
Unit 1 Verbs
Part A Transitive and Intransitive Verbs 6 B Progressive and Non-progressive (Stative) Verbs 10
C Phrasal Verbs 14
D Review 18
Unit 2 Simple Tenses: Present and Past
Part A Simple Present 20
B Simple Past and Habitual Past 24
C Review 28
Unit 3 Progressive Tenses: Present and Past
Part A Present Progressive 30
B Past Progressive 34
C Review 38
Unit 4 Future Tenses
Part A Will and Be Going To 40
B Simple Present and Present Progressive 44
C Future Progressive 48
D Review 52
Unit 5 Nouns and Articles
Part A Types of Nouns 54
B Countable Nouns and Uncountable Nouns 58
C Partitives 62
D Indefinite Adjectives 66
E Articles (Indefinite and Definite) 70
F Generic Nouns and Articles 74
G Review 78
Unit 6 Adjectives and Adverbs
Part A Adjectives and Adjective Order 80 B Participles Used as Adjectives 84
C Adverbs 88
D Positions and Types of Adverbs 92
E Review 96
Unit 7 Comparatives and Superlatives
Part A Comparatives 98
B Other Comparative Forms 102
C Superlatives 106
D Review 110
Unit 8 Pronouns
Part A Subject Pronouns and Object Pronouns 112
B Possessive Pronouns 116
C Reflexive Pronouns 120
D Indefinite Pronouns 124
E Singular and Plural Forms of Other 128
F Review 132
Unit 9 Agreement
Part A Subject-Verb Agreement 134
B Parallel Structure 138
C Review 142
Unit 10 Conjunctions
Part A Correlative Conjunctions 144
B Subordinating and Coordinating Conjunctions 148
C Review 152
Transcripts & Answer Key
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
Part A Unit 1■
Grammar Explanation Preview
Napoleon Bonaparte was one of the greatest generals of all time. He helped France conquer much of Europe. However, many other countries hated him because of his power. Eventually, they were able to defeat Napoleon. Afterward, Napoleon was sent to the island of Elba where he died without any power.
Transitive verbs require a direct object for their meaning to be complete.
Subject Transitive Verb Direct Object Meaning
Jenny erased. incomplete
Jenny erased the whiteboard. complete
Gary told. incomplete
Gary told a secret. complete
Some verbs can be transitive or intransitive depending on the context in the sentence.
Subject Verb Direct Object Adverbial Transitive/Intransitive
Doug moved the sofa. transitive
Doug moved to Singapore. intransitive
Kelly left her bag at home. transitive
Kelly left at three o’clock. intransitive
Intransitive verbs do NOT require a direct object for their meaning to be complete.
Subject Intransitive Verb Direct Object Adverbial Meaning
Wendy slept. complete
Peter ran to school. complete
Part A 7 1. ____ My friend and I broke.
2. ____ We ran to the park.
3. ____ She threw.
4. ____ She cried.
5. ____ I helped.
Exercise 2 Put a check (✓) next to the sentences that are complete.
1. My friend threw • • .
2. I lied • • the monkey in a suit.
3. My brother was laughing at • • .
4. The teacher always worries • • the ball to me.
5. The strong man lifted • • the giant stone over his head.
Exercise 3 Connect the sentence parts from the two columns.
If the first half is complete, connect it to a blank space.
1. We ate it. I T
2. I am going to drink a huge bottle of soda. I T 3. The boy finished his work at school. I T 4. The mountain climber fell down the mountain. I T
5. My mother is reading a book. I T
Exercise 1 Circle I if the sentence has an intransitive verb or T if it has a
Exercise 5 Look at the pictures. Write an appropriate sentence using either a transitive or intransitive verb.
Exercise 6 Write sentences with the verbs given. Write one sentence with a transitive form and the other with an intransitive form.
Intransitive Intransitive Transitive Transitive Intransitive Exercise 4 Listen to the dialog and answer the questions.
1. What kind of game are they talking about? ____________________________
2. What couldn’t the batter do? _____________________________________
3. What did the outfielder do? ______________________________________
4. Did they enjoy the game? _______________________________________
1. to move (Transitive) _____________________________________________
2. to drive (Transitive) _____________________________________________
3. to draw (Transitive) _____________________________________________
4. to eat (Transitive) ______________________________________________
5. to read (Transitive) _____________________________________________
Part A 9
Grammar in Use
Exercise 7 Read about Leslie’s last vacation. Decide if each verb is transitive or intransitive. Circle T for transitive or I for intransitive. If the verb is transitive, write an appropriate direct object on the line.
1. Leslie went to the beach last winter. T F
2. Leslie liked the food she ate. T F
3. People at the beach sold many different foods. T F 4. She spent a lot of money on her vacation. T F
Exercise 8 Circle T for true or F for false.
Last summer, I went to the beach. It was great. The sea was so beautiful, and I sat 1.(T / I) ______________ in the sun all day. I read
2.(T / I) ______________. I also went swimming 3.(T / I) ______________. It was so much
fun, but I drank 4.(T / I) ______________
and became sick. The food was delicious though.
I ate 5.(T / I) ______________. There was so much variety. Finally, it was great because everything was so cheap. I didn’t spend 6.(T / I) ______________ while there.
It was a wonderful vacation.
Progressive and Non-progressive (Stative) Verbs
Dear Mr. Simpson,
Thank you for letting us use your cabin for our vacation. The cabin was beautiful. I can’t imagine a nicer place. It looks just like a postcard. I feel so lucky that you trusted us enough to let us stay there.
We were looking for the cabin in the wrong valley before we realized our mistake. We all loved skiing on the mountain and appreciate your kindness.
Non-progressive (Stative) verbs do not describe actions. Instead, they describe a state or condition. The state or condition can occur over a period of time. They are NOT formed with be + the present participle.
Subject Stative Verb
Diana loves Casey.
Pizza tastes good.
They understand Spanish.
Common non-progressive (stative) verbs: appreciate, believe, dislike, exist, fear, hate, know, like, love, need, prefer, realize, resemble, seem, sound, understand
Many verbs can be progressive or non-progressive (stative) depending on the context of the sentence.
Subject Verb Progressive/Stative
John thinks soccer is fun. stative
Kevin is thinking about soccer. progressive
Shelley feels sick. stative
Lisa is feeling the rabbit’s fur. progressive
Common progressive and non-progressive verbs: appear, cost, feel, forget, have, hear, imagine, include, look, measure, remember, see, smell, taste, think, want, weigh
Progressive verbs describe an action occurring over a period of time. They are formed with the verb be + the present participle (-ing form).
Subject Be Present Participle
I am reading the newspaper.
Angela was washing the dishes.
They had been running a marathon.
1. The dog __________________ in the grass when it started raining.
2. The boys __________________ playing soccer.
3. Being a policeman __________________ like a great job.
4. She didn’t __________________ the movie yesterday because she was studying.
5. Because he is sick, Mark __________________ in bed all day.
Part B 11
Exercise 1 Circle the stative verb in each group.
Exercise 2 Complete the sentences with the correct words from the box.
1. (take) We ________________ my car to the mechanic to get it fixed now.
2. (cost) Though I am enjoying my vacation, it ________________ much more than I thought it would.
3. (want) My mother doesn’t ________________ me to be lazy in school.
4. (see) Jack and Jill ________________ each other for three weeks. Their first date was at the end of last month.
5. (weigh) At the moment, the butcher ________________ the steak Jack wants to buy.
1. a. sleep b. know c. dig d. show
2. a. sound b. study c. read d. work
3. a. meet b. scratch c. type d. believe
4. a. cut b. fear c. sleep d. spend
5. a. watch b. swim c. appreciate d. live
Exercise 3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb given.
see love was rolling has been lying sounds
Exercise 4 Listen and circle T for true or F for false.
Exercise 5 Match each statement to the correct picture.
a. The giraffe is eating leaves.
b. The man forgot where he put his keys.
c. The woman prefers the dark shirt, but the man prefers the light one.
d. He is weighing himself on the scale.
e. The woman resembles her sister.
1. ________ 2. ________ 3. ________ 4. ________ 5. ________
Exercise 6 Finish the sentences with your own information.
1. I imagine that next year __________________________________________
I am imagining ________________________________________________
2. My father thinks _______________________________________________
My father is thinking ____________________________________________
3. Skunks smell _________________________________________________
The skunks are smelling __________________________________________
4. The fluffy little kitten looks ________________________________________
The fluffy little kitten is looking _____________________________________
1. Mark is running for class president. T F
2. Mark likes the school lunch. T F
3. Mark wants new basketballs for gym class. T F 4. Mark doesn’t want new school uniforms. T F
5. Mark wants many changes at school. T F
Part B 13
Grammar in Use
Exercise 7 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs given.
I (remember) 1._____________ my first day of school very well. I (walk) 2._____________ to my classroom when I
tripped and fell. I (feel) 3._____________
really embarrassed. It was OK because no one (watch) 4._____________. I got up and went to my class. My teacher was so great, that by the end of the day I wasn’t (think) 5._____________
about it anymore. Everything was fine.
Exercise 8 Write about your first day of school. Include how you felt and what you were thinking.
Part C Phrasal Verbs
Grammar Explanation Preview
Virgo: This week you should make up with a friend who you have fallen out of favor with. You will then be able to count on this friend in the future, and this will help to keep your long-term goals from falling through.
Phrasal verbs are verbs that combine with a preposition to create a meaning that is different from the two words taken separately. With some phrasal verbs, the object must be placed after the preposition.
Verb Preposition Meaning
Sherri came across someone’s wallet on the street. found by chance
Did Craig drop by his friend’s house? visit
We didn’t get on the bus. enter (a vehicle)
Other common non-separable phrasal verbs: check in, drop out (of), get along (with), get off, get in, grow up, look after, take after, run into
With some phrasal verbs, the object can be placed between the verb and the preposition or after the preposition.
Verb Object Preposition Meaning
Barney figured the answer out. found/understood
Did she pick a candy out? choose
He didn’t turn his iPod off. stop
Other common separable phrasal verbs: call off, cheer up, drop off, find out, give up, hand in, look up, make up, put off, take over, turn on, turn down
Note that not every verb + preposition is a phrasal verb. Phrasal verbs are only those combinations that have a separate meaning.
Verb Preposition Phrasal verb/Not
The ball dropped by the big tree. not
We dropped by the store for some milk. phrasal verb
She looked into a trip to Hawaii. phrasal verb
Charlie looked into the fridge to see if there not
was any milk.
Part C 15 1. After watching the rain for three hours, they finally decided to _______________
the baseball game.
2. Mark cannot _______________ what is wrong with his computer.
3. At first I didn’t like this book, but now I am really starting to ______________ it.
4. Jenny’s boyfriend is coming to ______________ her ______________ at seven o’clock.
5. My uncle says that I am really starting to _______________ my father, but I disagree.
Exercise 2 Complete the sentences with the correct phrasal verbs from the box.
1. Mark forgot his homework, so he is going to hand in it late. ________
2. My brother always seems to be able to get around the rules. ________
3. I was really disappointed when I found up who the killer in the movie was. ______
4. When my father first arrived at the hotel to check out, the lady was rude to him.
When he left to check in, she was much friendlier. ______ _______
5. My friend is so lazy. She always puts off her homework until late at night. _______
Exercise 3 Underline the mistakes in the sentences. Write the correct words on the line. If there is no mistake, write OK on the line.
Exercise 1 Match the phrasal verb with its definition.
1. ___ After three years, my friend dropped out of school. a. to meet by accident 2. ___ It was strange to run into my old boss at school. b. to submit / to give 3. ___ We always hand in our assignments on time. c. to take care of
4. ___ My brother cheered me up after my best friend d. to quit doing something moved away.
5. ___ The nurse looks after patients at the hospital. e. to make happy
take after figure out pick up call off get into
A: Let’s 1.______________ with our reporter standing by with David Best.
B: Thanks, Tom. I am here with David Best. David, many people say that your team 2.______________ the team of two years ago. Is that true?
C: Well, that team two years ago was great. We all 3.______________ to them.
Hopefully, today we can work hard and 4.______________.
B: You 5. ______________ in this area, and this is your first game in this stadium.
How does it feel?
C: It feels great! I couldn’t 6. ______________ the chance to play for my hometown.
Exercise 4 Listen to the interview. Then fill in the blanks with the correct phrasal verb.
a. The building blew up. b. The man is asking the woman out.
c. The woman looks after her son. d. They pulled over to check the map.
Exercise 5 Match each sentence to the correct picture.
Exercise 6 Complete the sentences with a phrasal verb from the box.
1. __________ 2. __________ 3. __________ 4. __________
made up get along with dropped out gave up 1. Her sister doesn’t _________________ her boyfriend. They are always fighting.
2. After years of trying to become a doctor, Mr. James finally _________________
and _________________ of medical school. Now he works in a bank.
3. Mark finally admitted that his story was not true. He had _________________ it _________________ to impress his friends.
Part C 17
Grammar in Use
Exercise 7 Unscramble the phrases or sentences to reveal the instructions for the assignment.
Your final project for the year is coming up, which means that you will have a lot of work. If you do not know enough about your topic, 1.(it / up / must / you / look) ______________________ and 2.(about / it. / out / find / more) _____________________. 3.(in / must / check / You / me / with) ______________________ every week.
4.(late. / Projects / in / cannot / turned / be) ______________________________
5.(work / not / Please / do / off. / this / put) ______________________________ If you have any questions, please come to me. Good luck.
1. What should the students do if they do not know enough about the topic?
2. What must students do every week?
3. Will late projects be accepted?
4. What does the teacher ask the students to do at the end?
Exercise 8 Answer questions about the final project.
A: Hi, do you want to get togetherlater? B: Well, I am eating dinnerand I need to do homework.
A: OK, well I will come bylater to see B: OK, talk to you soon.
how you are doing.
1. It sounds ● ● stealing the car when the police arrived.
2. The thief was ● ● out which book I want to buy.
3. I can’t seem to pick ● ● .
4. The dog ate ● ● like you are really enjoying your class.
5. My mother has been ● ● cooking all afternoon.
1. Several of my friends work __________ in the gym near my apartment.
2. We were lucky to run __________ Kevin’s father. He gave us a ride home.
3. We are late, so hurry up and get __________ the car!
4. After a long, angry argument, Sally and her friend finally made __________.
5. Let’s drop __________ the supermarket to pick __________ some ice cream.
Exercise 2 Connect sentence parts from the two columns to make complete sentences.
1. 2. 3.
get together catch up hook up
eat dinner / do homework play piano / rest watch TV / walk the dog
come by stop by drop in
Exercise 3 Complete the phrasal verbs with the correct preposition.
Exercise 1 Practice the conversations with a partner. Change roles for each conversation.
Misery loves company.
Exercise 4 Fix the mistake in each sentence. Then number the pictures 1--4.
Exercise 6 Complete the sentences with information about yourself.
1. It are swimming in the ocean. ___________
2. He ran onto his friend on the street. ___________
3. The man is loving his wife. ___________
4. Cindy is standing in to her sister. ___________
Review 19 1. for / months. / We / been / six / have / traveling
2. party / parents / My / called / the / off.
3. will / be / to / It / on / finish / difficult / time.
4. away / threw / garbage. / We / the
1. My family is thinking ___________________________________________
2. I always check in ______________________________________________
3. My friends and I always run into ____________________________________