# Syllabus Advanced Statistics in Social Research Department of Sociology(

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Syllabus

Advanced Statistics in Social Research Department of Sociology(研一)

Fu-Jen University Spring, 2009

Course Description:

This is a course in multivariate statistical techniques. The central issue is how to use quantitative information to obtain answers to theoretically derived questions. So, we will consider certain types of theoretical statements and learn how to use international social data to get good estimates of theoretically important parameters.

Required Texts:

David Knoke, George W. Bohrnstedt and Alisa Potter Mee, Statistics for Social Data Analysis. 4E, 2002.

Ivy Lee and Minako Maykovich, Statistics: A Tool for Understanding Society. 1995

Course Outline:

1. An Overview of Statistical Analysis/ Lee and Maykovich, ch 16 2. Multivariate Contingency Analysis/Knoke et al., ch 7

3. Multivariate Regression/ Lee and Maykovich, ch 15 Knoke et al., ch 8

a. Review of Fundamentals of Multiple Regression b. Theory and Model

Systematic and Stochastic Components The Least Squares Procedure

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d. Problems and Solutions Index Construction Multi-collinearity

Non-linearity (Nonlinear Regression) Dummy Variables (Dummy Regression) Interaction Effects (Mixed Regression) Residual Analysis

4. An Overview of Causal Models and Path Analysis/Knoke et al., ch 11

Basic Assumptions Structural Equations

Fundamental Theorem and Its Applications Mis-specification

Path coefficients Formula Derivation

5. Dichotomous Dependent Variables in the Log-Linear Framework/

Multivariate Analysis of Nominal or Categorical Variables / Lee and Maykovich, ch 14; Knoke et al., ch 10

Alba, “Interpreting the Parameters of Log-Linear Models”, Sociological Methods and Research 16(1987):45-77 Knoke and Burke, Log-Linear Models, 1980: 8-33

Review of Logistic Regression Loglinear Analysis

Odds Ratio

Modeling Variable Effects Hierarchical Models

Estimating the Cell Frequencies

Maximum Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square Test statistic Evaluating Individual Loglinear Models

Comparing Hierarchical Loglinear Models

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6. Selected Readings for Class Presentation and Discussion

1. E. Crenshaw, "Cross-National Determinants of Income Inequality: A Replication and Extension Using Ecological-Evolutionary Theory." Social Forces 71(1992): 339-363.(Nonlinear regression)

2. Bollen, "World System Position, Dependency and Democracy." ASR 48(1983): 468-79.(Dummy regression)

3. London and Williams, "Multinational Corporate Penetration, Protest, and Basic Needs provision in Non-Core Nations: A Cross-National Analysis."

Social Forces 66(1988): 747-73.(Mixed regression)

4 Tolnay and Christenson, "The Effects of Social Setting and Family Planning Programs on Recent Fertility Declines in Developing Countries: A Reassessment." Sociology and Social Research 69(1984): 72-88.(Path analysis)

5. London, "Dependence, Distorted Development and Fertility Trends in Noncore Nations: A Structural Analysis of Cross-National Data." ASR 53(1988):606-618.

6. Nolan, "World System Status, Techno-Economic Heritage, and Fertility."

Sociological Focus 21(1988): 9-33.(Mixed regression).

7. Lenski and Nolan, “Trajectories of Development: A Test of Ecological- Evolutionary Theory.” Social Forces 63(1984):1-23.

8. London, "Structural Determinants of Third World Urban Change:

An Ecological and Political Economic Analysis." American Sociological Review 52(1987): 28-43

9. Bradshaw, "Urbanization and Underdevelopment: A Global Study of Modernization, Urban Bias, and Economic Dependency." American Sociological Review 52(1987): 224-239

10. Clark and Filinson, "Multinational Corporate Penetration, Industrialism, Region, and Social Security Expenditures: A Cross-National Analysis."

Aging and Human Development 32(1991): 143-159.

11. Kick, Edward, Byron Davis, Marlene Lehtinen, and Liya Wang. “Family and Economic Growth: A World-System Approach and A Cross-

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Dependency, and State Strength: A Cross-National Study of Less Developed Countries." Social Forces 76(1997): 667-694

14. South and Trent, "Sex Ratios and Women's Roles: A Cross-National Analysis." American Journal of Sociology 93(1988): 1096-1115

15. South, "Sex Ratios, Economic Power,and Women's Roles: A

Theoretical Extension and Empirical Test." Journal of Marriage and the Family 50(1988): 19-31(Mixed regression).

16. Stevens and Swicegood, “The Linguistic Context of Ethnic Endogamy.”

American Sociological Review 52(1987):73-82.(Logistic regression) 17. Radelet, “Racial Characteristics and the Imposition of the Death

Penalty.” American Sociological Review 46(1981): 918-927.

(Loglinear analysis).

18. Fossett and Swicegood, “Rediscovering City Differences in Racial Occupational Inequality.” American Sociological Review 47(1982):

681-689.(Loglinear analysis).

Grades: Presentation, Discussion, and Participation (25%) Assignments and Term Paper (25%)

Mid-term and Final Exams. (50%)

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Suggested Readings for a Research Paper:

Piotr Sztompka, The Sociology of Social Change, 1993.

Ian Roxborough, Theories of Underdevelopment, 1979, Ch 2,3,4,5 Thomas R. Shannon, An Introduction to the World-System

Perspective, 1989.

Jeffrey Kentor, “The Long-Term Effects of Foreign Investment Dependence on Economic Growth, 1940-1990”. American Journal of Sociology 1998: 1024-1046.

Christopher Chase-Dunn, “Trade Globalization since 1795: Waves of Integration in the World-System”. American Sociological Review 2000: 77-95.

E. Crenshaw, "Cross-National Determinants of Income Inequality:

A

Replication and Extension Using Ecological-Evolutionary Theory." Social Forces 71(1992): 339-363.

Prechel, "The Effects of Exports, Public Debt, and Development on Income Inequality." Sociological Quarterly 26(1985): 213- 234

E. Crenshaw, "Democracy and Demographic Inheritance: The Influence of Modernity and Proto-Modernity on Political and Civil Rights, 1965-1980." ASR 60(1995): 702-718.

Bollen, "World System Position, Dependency and Democracy."

ASR 48(1983): 468-79.

Muller, "Economic Determinants of Democracy." American Sociological Review 60(1995): 966-982

Tolnay and Christenson, "The Effects of Social Setting and Family Planning Programs on Recent Fertility Declines in Developing

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Fertility." Sociological Focus 21(1988): 9-33

Pampel and Tanaka, "Economic Development and Female Labor Force

Participation: A Reconsideration." Social Forces 64(1986):599-619

Semyonov and Shenhav, "Investment Dependence,

Economic, and Female Employment Opportunities in Less Developed Countries." Social Science Quarterly 69(1988):

961-978

London, "Structural Determinants of Third World Urban Change:

An Ecological and Political Economic Analysis." American Sociological Review 52(1987): 28-43

London and Smith, "Urban Bias, Dependency and Economic Stagnation in Non-Core Nations." ASR 53(1988):454-63.

Bradshaw, "Urbanization and Underdevelopment: A Global Study of

Modernization, Urban Bias, and Economic Dependency."

American

Sociological Review 52(1987): 224-239

Clark and Filinson, "Multinational Corporate Penetration, Industrialism, Region, and Social Security Expenditures: A Cross-National Analysis." Aging and Human Development 32(1991): 143-159.

Stokes and Anderson, "Disarticulation and Human Welfare in Less

Developed Countries." American Sociological Review 55(1990):63-75

Wimberley, "Investment Dependence and Alternative Explanation of Third World Mortality: A Cross-National Study." American

Sociological Review 55(1990): 75-91

Shen and Williamson, "Child Mortality, Women's Status, Economic

Dependency, and State Strength: A Cross=National Study of Less

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Developed Countries." Social Forces 76(1997): 667-694 South and Trent, "Sex Ratios and Women's Roles: A Cross- National

Analysis." American Journal of Sociology 93(1988): 1096- 1115

South, "Sex Ratios, Economic Power,and Women's Roles: A Theoretical Extension and Empirical Test." Journal of Marriage and the Family 50(1988): 19-31

Moaddel, "Political Conflict in the World Economy: A Cross- National Analysis of Modernization and World-System Theories." American Sociological Review 59(1994): 276- 303

Boswell and Dixon, "Dependency and Rebellion: A Cross- National

Analysis." American Sociological Review 55(1990): 540-559 Haas and Stack, "Economic Development and Strike: A Comparative

Analysis." The Sociological Quarterly 24(1983): 43-58

London and Williams, "Multinational Corporate

Penetration, Protest, and Basic Needs provision in Non- Core Nations: A Cross-National Analysis." Social Forces 66(1988): 747-73.

Bornschier, Volker and Bruno Trezzini. "Social Stratification and Mobility in the World System." International

Sociology 12(1997):429-455.

Bornschier, V. and C. Chase-Dunn. Transnational

corporations and Underdevelopment. New York: Praeger.

Crenshaw, Edward and Ansari Ameen. "The Distribution of Income Across National Populations: Testing Multiple Paradigms." Social Science Research 23(1994):1-22.

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Firebaugh, Glenn. "Growth Effects of Foreign and Domestic Investment". American Sociological Review

98(1992):105-130.

Hicks, Norman L. and Paul Streeten. "Indicators of

Development: The Search for a Basic Needs Yardstick."

World Development 7(1979):567-580.

Ivanova, I. F.J.Arcelus and G,.Srinivasan. "An Assessment of the Measurement Properties of the Human

Development Index." Social Indicators 46(1999):157- 179.

Lenski, Gerhard, Jean Lenski and Patrick Nolan. Human Societies: An Introduction to Macrosociology. 1966,1974.

London and Williams , "National Politics, International Dependency, and Basic Needs Provision" Social Forces 69:565-584, 1990.

Mazumdar, Krishna. "Measuring the Well-Being of the Developing Countries: Achievement and Improvement Indices." Social Indicators Research 47(1999): 1-60.

Morris, Morris David, Measuring the Conditions of the World's Poor: The Physical Quality of Life Index.

Pergamon, 1979.

Neumayer, Eric. "The ISEW--Not An Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare." Social Indicators 48(1999):77-101.

Van Rossem, Ronan . "The World System Paradigm as General Theory of Development: A Cross-National Test."

American Sociological Review 61(1996): 508-527.

Sharda, Bam Dev, George A. Miller and Archibald O. Haller.

"Concepts and Indicators of Development: An Empirical Analysis." Journal of Developing Societies 14(82-99) Smith, Kent W. and M.S. Sasaki. "Decreasing

Multicollinearity: A Method for Models with Multiplicative Function." Sociological Methods and Research 8(1979):

35-56.

Streeten, Paul. "Basic Needs: Premises and Promises."

Journal of Policy Modeling 1 (1979):13-46.

Summers, Robert and Alan Heston. "Improved International Comparisons of Real Product and Its

Composition: 1950-1980." Review of Income and Wealth

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30(1984): 207-262.

Taylor, Charles Lewis and David A. Jodice. World Handbook of Political and Social Indicators. 3rd Ed. New Haven:Yale University Press. 1983.

Kick, Edward, Byron Davis, Marlene Lehtinen, and Liya Wang.

“Family and Economic Growth: A World-System

Approach and A Cross-National Analysis.” IJCS XLI, 2:

(2000): 225-244.

Messner, Steven., "Modernization, Structural Characteristics, and Societal Rates of Crime: An Application of Blau's Macrosociological Theory." The Sociological Quarterly 27(1986): 27-41

Messner, Steven "Economic Discrimination and Societal Homicide Rates: Further Evidence on the Cost of Inequality." American

Sociological Review 54(1989): 597-611

Shichor, David "Crime Patterns and Socioeconomic

Development: A Cross National Analysis." Criminal Justice Review 15(1990): 64-77

Messner, Steven "Sex Differences in Arrest Rates for Homicide: An Application of the General Theory of Structural Strain."

Comparative Social Research 8(1985): 187-201

Williams and Timberlake, "Structured Inequality, Conflict, and Control: A Cross-National Test of the Threat Hypothesis."

Social Forces 63(1984): 414-430

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