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SAFETY GUIDELINES ON PHYSICAL EDUCATION KEY LEARNING AREA FOR HONG KONG SCHOOLS

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S A F E T Y G U I D E L I N E S O N

P H Y S I C A L E D U C A T I O N K E Y L E A R N I N G A R E A

F O R

H O N G K O N G S C H O O L S

PREPARED BY

THE PHYSICAL EDUCATION SECTION EDUCATION BUREAU

THE GOVERNMENT OF THE HONG KONG SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION

2011

(Updated online version: December 2018)

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Safety Guidelines On

Physical Education Key Learning Area For Hong Kong Schools

1. Updated ‘Air Quality Health Index’ information:

1) Page 8-9, Chapter One, Part IV, item 6: Weather Condition;

2) Page 9, Chapter One, Part IV, item 10: Cancel or Postpone;

3) Page 17, Chapter Three, Part II, item 11: Cancel or Postpone;

4) Page 21, Chapter Four, item 16: Conduct of the Race;

5) Page 28, Chapter Seven, Part II, item 12: Cancel or Postpone;

6) Page 43, Chapter Twelve, Part II, item 11: Cancel or Postpone; and 7) Page 65-66, Appendix XI.

Updated on 2013.12.30

2. Updated ‘Reminder for Physical Education Lessons and Related Physical Activities Under the Influence of Cold Weather/Intense Cold Surge’

information:

1) Page 9, Chapter One, Part IV, item 9: Weather Condition;

2) Page 53-54, Appendix VI

3. Updated ‘Chapter ELEVEN SWIMMING: LESSONS AND TRAINING’

information:

Page 40, Part III, item 2: Environment and Facilities

4. Updated ‘Thunderstorm Warning’ information:

1) Page 10, Chapter ONE, Part IV: Note 8 Cancel or Postpone;

2) Page 17, Chapter THREE, Part II, item 14: Conduct of the Meet 3) Page 28, Chapter SEVEN, Part II, item 14: Conduct of the Games Day 4) Page 39, Chapter ELEVEN, Part II, item 13: Weather

Updated on 2016.7.8

5. Updated ‘Introduction’ information: Page i Updated on 2018.6.15

6. Updated Chapter FOUR:Cross Country and Road Running Race (Note 12) (Content deletion: “Only persons who have completed a relevant course are permitted to use the Automated External Defibrillator (AED).”): Page 20

7. Updated Appendix I: Recommended List Of First Aid Items For Schools (Note 19) (Content deletion: “Only persons who have completed a relevant course are permitted to use the Automated External Defibrillator. For more information, please refer to the

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i

INTRODUCTION

This booklet aims to give safety guidelines to help schools prevent accidents when they conduct PE lessons and related activities.

Generally speaking, safety can be enhanced by means of careful and thoughtful planning and preparation. Good observation and conscientious teaching attitude can also minimise risks.

The guidelines in this booklet should be sensibly adopted and not to be regarded as exhaustive for all types of physical activities.

Teachers should exercise their professional knowledge; refer to the guiding principles and safety guidelines in making sensible judgment as well as taking appropriate measures. For international schools in Hong Kong or schools offering non-local curriculum, it is advised to observe the guidelines whichever applicable to ensure safety.

For enquiries regarding the content of this booklet, please contact the Physical Education Section of the Education Bureau; for enquiries about individual sports, please contact the respective sport governing body direct for professional advice; for safety measures on outdoor activities, such as cycling, windsurfing, canoeing, rowing, sailing, etc, please refer to “Guidelines on Outdoor Activities” (Website:

http://www.edb.gov.hk/en/sch-admin/admin/about-activities/sch-activities- guidelines/ ) or contact the Extended Support Programmes Section,

Education Commission and Planning Division of the Education Bureau.

We welcome comments and suggestions on this booklet. You may send them to:

Chief Curriculum Development Officer (Physical Education) Curriculum Development Institute

Education Bureau

3/F., 323 Java Road, North Point Hong Kong

E-mail: pe@edb.gov.hk

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CONTENT

Page

Introduction i

Content ii

Chapter ONE Basic Measures 1

I. Professional Qualifications II. Administrative Measures III. Management Measures IV. Environment and Facilities

Chapter TWO Athletics: Lessons and Training 11 I. Teaching Considerations

II. Environment and Facilities

Chapter THREE Athletics Meet 14

I. Teacher Qualifications II. General Measures

Chapter FOUR Cross Country and Road Race 20 General Measures

Chapter FIVE Dance 22

I. Teaching Considerations II. Environment and Facilities

Chapter SIX Games 23

I. Teaching Considerations II. Environment and Facilities

Chapter SEVEN Games Day 25

I. Teacher Qualifications II. General Measures

Chapter EIGHT Gymnastics and Trampolining 30 I. Teacher Qualifications

II. Teaching Considerations III. Environment and Facilities

Chapter NINE Physical Fitness Training 33

I. Teaching Considerations II. Environment and Facilities

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iii

Page

Chapter TEN Sport Climbing 36

I. Teacher Qualifications II. Teaching Considerations III. Environment and Facilities

Chapter ELEVEN Swimming: Lesson and Training 38 I. Teacher Qualifications

II. Teaching Considerations III. Environment and Facilities

Chapter TWELVE Swimming Gala 41

I. Teacher Qualifications II. General Measures

Chapter THIRTEEN Tug-of-war 45

I. Teacher Qualifications II. General Measures

III. Environment and Facilities

Chapter FOURTEEN Wushu /Chinese Martial Art 47 I. Teacher Qualifications

II. Teaching Considerations III. Environment and Facilities

Appendix I List of First Aid Items Recommended for Schools 49 Appendix II Measures to Avoid Excessive Sun Exposure 51 Appendix III Notes on Exercising in Hot and Humid Conditions 52 Appendix IV Reminder for Physical Education Lessons and Related

Physical Activities Under the Influence of Cold Weather/Intense Cold Surge

53

Appendix V Prevention of the Spread of Influenza or Communicable Diseases in Schools : Points to Note

55 Appendix VI Sample Report Form on Accident During Physical

Education Lessons or Physical activities

57 Appendix VII Sample Parental Consent on Participation in Physical

Education Lessons

59 Appendix VIII Sample Parental Consent on Participation in Co-

curricular Activities

61 Appendix IX Sample Form on Student’s Medical History 62 Appendix X Sample Recommendation for Participation in Sports

and Physical Activities by Students with Cardiac Problems

64

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Appendix XI A brief Introduction of the “Outdoor Activities Guidelines”

65

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1

Chapter ONE BASIC MEASURES

Different physical activities have different safety requirements, but they share many common requisites. It is advisable for schools to have thorough and comprehensive considerations, taking into account of students’ ability, nature of the activity, environmental factors, etc in the planning stage as measures of risk management. At the same time, it is necessary to forecast the potential difficulties, develop possible solutions, and prepare a contingency plan to enhance participants’

safety awareness. Schools should note the following:

I. Professional Qualifications

1. Physical Education (PE) teacher: Schools should only appoint teachers who have completed subject-training in PE Note 1 to teach PE.

2. PE teachers must possess relevant qualifications when teaching activities of relatively high risks such as swimming, trampolining, sport climbing, etc. If in doubt, schools may consult the PESection of the Education Bureau.

3. If the coaches/instructors who give sports training instruction in co-curricular activities are not PE teachers, they must

Note 1 Subject-training in PE - Generally speaking, subject-training in PE refers to the following course contents at tertiary level:

A. Education theory B. PE

(1) Theory (2) Practical

i. At least 160 contact hours in skill proficiency and teaching method of at least 8 physical activities selected from 4 different areas recommended by the Curriculum Development Council; and ii. Those who wish to teach PE in primary schools should also take

“Fundamental Movement” related module(s).

(3) Supervised teaching practice in PE Schools may refer to the following EDB website for more details:

http://cd1.edb.hkedcity.net/cd/pe/en/bb/PE_Teacher_Qualification_E.htm

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possess “Level One Coach” certificate issued by the Hong Kong Coaching Committee (HKCC) Note 2, in conjunction with the relevant sports governing bodies, or equivalent qualifications. If in doubt, schools can consult the respective sports governing bodies or the HKCC direct for information.

4. Persons who are responsible for planning or conducting physical activities should possess sufficient knowledge in safety precaution.

II. Administrative Considerations

1. Schools should refer to Education Regulations Chapter 279A

Note 3 when organising student activities on roof or balcony in the school.

1.1 According to Regulation 16, Approval for roof playgrounds: No roof or balcony shall be used for PE or recreational purposes without the written approval of the Permanent Secretary for Education;

1.2 According to Regulation 17, Structural requirements:

(a) Roof playgrounds shall satisfy the following structural requirements - the roof shall be situated on premises constructed of reinforced cement concrete;

there shall be a minimum of 2 suitable staircases, leading from the roof to a satisfactory open air exit at ground level, each staircase being of a minimum width of 1.05m and being fitted with continuous handrails on both sides; at the head of each staircase there shall be landings leading to the roof, each landing being of width equal to the width of the staircase and of a minimum depth of 1.5m; the external walls surrounding the playground shall be continued upwards so as to form a continuous parapet wall around the playground of a height of not less than 1.1m. Above such parapet wall there shall

Note 2 The Hong Kong Coaching Committee Website: hkcoaching.com/hk/news.asp Note 3 Education Regulations Chapter 279A (online version):

www.legislation.gov.hk/blis_ind.nsf/WebView?OpenAgent&vwpg=CurAllEngDo Roof

Playground

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3

be a continuous chain link or similar metal fence fixed to the inner vertical side, or to the innermost edge of the upper surface of the parapet wall. The total height of the parapet wall and the metal fence shall be not less than 2.5m and the metal fence shall be so installed as to provide ready access to the playground by the Fire Services in emergency; and (b) No roof or balcony shall be deemed to be suitable for

use as a playground unless a certificate of stability shall have been given by an authorised person that the roof is suitable for such use. Such certificate shall specify the maximum number of pupils who may be allowed to use the playground at any one time.

1.3. According to Regulation 18, Pupils using roof playgrounds to be under supervision: No pupil shall be allowed on any roof playground or balcony unless under the direct supervision of a teacher.

1.4 According to Regulation 19, Numbers of pupils allowed on a roof playground or balcony: There shall not be more than 60 pupils upon any roof playground under the charge of one teacher at any one time. A certificate by an inspector of schools that he has examined the authorised person's certificate stating the maximum number of pupils allowed upon any approved roof playground or balcony shall be exhibited in a conspicuous place on the school premises.

2. If the roof is used to conduct PE lessons or co-curricular physical activities, it is recommended to have the total height of the parapet wall and the metal fence at a minimum of 6.0m continuous all the way round.

3. According to Education Regulations Chapter 279A, Regulation 55, First Aid: At least 2 teachers in every school shall be trained in administering first aid. First aid boxes shall be maintained fully equipped at all times. There shall be provided in the premises of every school at least one first aid box.

4. Schools should make known to all staff of the following:

First Aid Measures

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4.1 The name list of teachers that are trained in administering first aid and are assigned to handle accidents;

4.2 The telephone number of the nearest ambulance station;

and

4.3 The procedures in handling accidents.

5. PE teachers and persons in charge of physical activities should take first aid certificate courses organised by the Hong Kong St. John Ambulance, Hong Kong Auxiliary Medical Services, the Hong Kong Red Cross Society, etc.

They should also get familiar with the school’s procedures for handling accidents.

6. First aid items should be within easy access and must be regularly checked that they are readily available. Schools should make known to all staff and students the locations of the first aid kits. For first aid items, please refer to List of First Aid Items Recommended for Schools (Appendix I).

7. Schools should handle accidents immediately and notify the parents of the injured student as soon as possible. After handling the accident, details should be recorded and filed (Appendix VI).

8. Disposable plastic gloves should be readily available for use when handling wounds in order to avoid direct contact with blood. For safety precaution measures for handling bleeding wounds, schools may refer to the “Guidelines on the Prevention of Blood-Borne Diseases in Schools” Note 4. 9. At the beginning of an academic year, schools should issue a

letter to parents (Appendix VII) to emphasise that PE is an essential part of the school curriculum. Parents who want to request for exemption of their children from PE lessons on medical grounds must produce a medical certificate issued by a registered doctor indicating the period for which exemption is required. Schools should keep a record of such information and the students having been granted exemption from

Note 4 “Guidelines on the prevention of Blood-Borne Diseases in School” (Online version) www.info.gov.hk/aids/pdf/g103.pdf

Parental Consent Form

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5

attending PE lessons should not be allowed to participate in any physical activities until the exemption period is over.

10. Before organising co-curricular physical activities, schools should inform parents and obtain their written consent to their children’s participating in the activities (Appendix VIII).

11. At the beginning of each academic year, schools should encourage parents to report to the school about the medical history of their child (Appendix IX), especially when such history might affect their participation in PE lessons or other physical activities. Schools must emphasise that student’s medical history should be reported entirely on a voluntary basis. Schools must also ensure that such information should be kept for school use only and not be disclosed to any other parties without prior consent of the parents concerned.

12. PE teachers and persons in charge of physical activities should refer to the information of students with health problems submitted by parents with recommendations by family doctors, pediatricians or cardiologists submitted by parents/guardians concerned (Appendix X).

13. When there are PE lessons or co-curricular physical activities to be conducted on venues outside school, the school should draw up contingency measures for adverse weather conditions and inform the persons and students concerned of the arrangements.

14. When the Hong Kong Observatory issues the Red or Black Rainstorm Warning Signal during a PE lesson or a co- curricular physical activity held at venues outside school, the teacher or person in charge of the activity should bring the students to take shelter in a safe place until it is safe for them to go home.

15. To ensure the safety of students in activities taking place in rural areas (including all country parks and outlying islands), schools must observe the reporting procedures set out in the

“Guidelines on Outdoor Activities” (Appendix XI) about

“School Outings in Rural Areas: Reporting Procedures to

Students’

Medical History

Contingency Plan

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Police and Departments Concerned” issued by the Education Bureau for information Note 5.

16. Schools should adopt effective measures to remove stagnant water in schools in order to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes and insects and stop the spread of diseases by mosquitoes.

17. Schools should pay attention to the vicinity of venues where PE lessons or co-curricular physical activities are held. If environmental or hygiene problems are identified, schools should report to the relevant party immediately.

18. Schools should antisepticise the sports equipment, venues and changing rooms at regular intervals.

19. Indoor venues for PE lessons or co-curricular physical activities must be constantly kept clean and well ventilated.

20. Students should be reminded to bring their own drinking fluid or use their own containers to collect water from the water dispenser. They should neither share water containers with others nor drink from a water dispenser direct.

21. Students should be reminded to pay attention to personal hygiene and should not share personal hygiene items such as towels, etc with others. After having physical activities, they must clean their contaminated skin thoroughly including washing their hands properly.

22. Schools should remind the persons in charge of physical activities to adopt the measures listed in Appendix V of this booklet to prevent the spread of influenza or communicable diseases in schools.

III. Management Considerations

1. Students are advised to wear suitable clothing and shoes, tie up long hair and trim fingernails when they participate in physical activities.

Note 5 “Guidelines on Outdoor Activities” Appendix IV, “School Outings in Rural Areas:

Reporting Procedures to Police and Departments Concerned” (Online version):

http://www.edb.gov.hk/en/sch-admin/admin/about-activities/sch-activities-guidelines/

Precaution for the Spread of Diseases

Points to Note for Students

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7

2. Students who have to wear glasses in physical activities should wear those made of non-breakable material and have them well secured.

3. Students should not wear ornaments (including watches) when taking part in physical activities.

4. Students should pay attention to their own health conditions.

They should not attend PE lessons or co-curricular physical activities when they feel sick or unwell but seek immediate medical advice instead.

5. Before engaging in physical activities, students should thoroughly warm up themselves. However, some potentially dangerous movements such as vigorous neck circulation movements, back-arches, deep knee-bends, sit-ups with straight legs, double leg lifts, etc, should be avoided.

6. Fighting skills should not be taught during PE lessons.

7. More attention should be paid to students who are comparatively weak and those with special needs. Adaptation should be made whenever necessary according to their learning needs.

8. Students should be prevented from participating in activities that are beyond their physical and mental capabilities.

9. Attention should be paid to the health conditions of students, especially those with cardiovascular or respiratory problems.

Students should be reminded to report without delay if they feel unwell.

10. Students should be inculcated a sense of responsibility and guided to understand their role to play during physical activities in ensuring the safety of themselves, their classmates and other people.

11. Good discipline should be maintained in PE lessons, co- curricular physical activities and sports competitions.

12. Students should be taught the proper ways to move and use sports equipment.

Points to Note for Teachers and Persons in Charge of Physical Activities

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IV. Environment and Facilities

1. Before lessons and activities, teachers should pay attention to weather and environmental conditions to decide whether the activities should be held as scheduled or not.

2. Teachers should arrange a safe and adequately spaced venue for students to participate in physical activities.

3. Protective devices must be installed over glass windows and doors, lights, pillars, fans and sharp edges, etc which are in close vicinity to the activity area.

4. Teachers should have a good knowledge of the teaching content and be aware of the potential hazard of the activities and the teaching environment. They should be particularly careful when non-standard facility or equipment is used.

5. Teachers must inspect the teaching environment and check the equipment carefully to ensure that they are safe for use.

Teachers should also encourage students to report any defects they discover in the first instance.

6. When the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) or its forecast reaches the following bands, especially in areas with heavy traffic, attention should be paid to students in outdoor physical exertion and the time staying outdoors in the affected zone:

Health Risk

Band Health advice provided by the Environmental Protection Department

Recommendations to schools by the Education Bureau

High 7 To reduce outdoor physical exertion, and

to reduce the time of staying outdoors

The intensity and duration of the activities could be

at moderate level Very

High

8-10 To reduce to the minimum outdoor physical exertion, and

to reduce to the minimum the time of

staying outdoors

The intensity and duration of the activities should be at moderate-to-low

level Weather

Condition

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9

Serious 10+ To avoid outdoor physical exertion, and

to avoid staying outdoors

Avoid physical exertion and staying

outdoors

For details, please refer to the EDB website:

http://www.edb.gov.hk/en/curriculum-development/kla/pe/references_resource/index.html

or the AQHI’s website of the Environmental Protection Department:

http://www.aqhi.gov.hk/en.html.

7. On the days of relatively high UV Index and students have to stay outdoors for a long time, they may apply sunscreen lotion of Sun Protection Factor (SPF) 15 or above for a broad-spectrum protection from UVA and UVB. They should also apply it after sweating or swimming. Students may wear a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses with UV protection and wear long-sleeved loose clothing.

8. When the ultra-violet (UV) Index Note 6 is extreme (11 or above), students should avoid prolonged stay in outdoors (Appendix II).

9. Special attention should be paid when vigorous or prolonged physical activities are conducted in hot and humid or cold and intense cold surge weather conditions (Appendix III) and (Appendix IV).

10. Under the following circumstance, schools should suspend, cancel or postpone physical activities conducted outside school premise:

10.1 The Education Bureau announces suspension of classes;

10.2 The Hong Kong Observatory issues the Red or Black Rainstorm Warning Signal;

10.3 The Hong Kong Observatory issues Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal No. 3 or above;

10.4 The AQHI or its forecast reaches 10+ Note 7 at the activity zone;

Note 6 Website of UV Index, Hong Kong Observatory:

www.weather.gov.hk/wxinfo/uvindex/english/euvindex.htm. For UV related information and health knowledge, please visit the website of the Department of Health , www.cheu.gov.hk/eng/info/accident_08.htm

Note 7 Please refer to item 6, Part IV of this Chapter on AQHI related information.

Cancel or Postpone

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10.5 Serious flooding in the district at which the school or the activity venue is located; and

10.6 The Hong Kong Observatory issues the Thunder Warning Signal Note 8 (not applicable to indoor activities).

Note 8 If the isolated thunderstorm warning is issued prior to the activities in outdoor area, schools should contact the venue office, in accordance with the latest information of the Hong Kong Observatory, to consider whether the activity should be cancelled or postponed. For activities conducted in venue under the purview of the Leisure and Cultural Services Department, schools may arrange with the venue office for a re- schedule (if venue is available) or refund if the activity is cancelled. The Hong Kong Observatory releases thunderstorm warning on its website:

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Chapter TWO

ATHLETICS: LESSONS AND TRAINING

(You are advised to study Chapter One thoroughly before reading this chapter)

I. Teaching Considerations

1. Spikes should only be worn on proper training grounds.

2. During long distance runs, teachers should always pay attention to the health conditions of students. The course should be planned to avoid dangerous points, such as roads, cycleways, streams, muddy and slippery loose surfaces, deep ditches, barbed wire, railings, etc.

3. Bulky equipment and chairs should not be used as hurdles.

4. Hurdles should be free from sharp or broken edges. Their legs must be set at right angles to the top bar and the counterweight should be adjusted according to the height of hurdles.

5. “Fosbury Flop” should not be taught in primary Physical Education (PE) lessons.

6. “Fosbury Flop” must be taught by personnel with professional knowledge in the skill and the activity should be held on venues with proper landing facilities.

7. In teaching High Jump, the height of the cross bar should be adjusted according to the abilities of learners progressively.

8. When jumping is in progress, students responsible for resetting the cross-bar should stand well away from the bar.

When “flexi-bar” or High Jump cords are used, the supporting stands must be secured so as not to collapse onto the jumper to cause accident.

9. In teaching High Jump, students should be taught how to work out an appropriate take-off point so that they can land safely within the landing area.

10. In teaching Long Jump or Triple Jump, the take-off boards/lines should be set according to the abilities of students. Students should be taught how to work out an appropriate take-off point so that they can land safely within

Running Events

Jumping Events

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the landing area. Students should be instructed not to run when leaving the landing area.

11. Students should not cross the landing area.

12. Only one throwing event should be taught at a time.

13. When practising throwing events, students should be well spaced out and all throws should be made as follows:

13.1 All throws should be made on a given signal from a commander (making sure that there is no one in the landing area before giving such a signal);

13.2 All throws should be made in one designated direction only; and

13.3 All throws should be made from behind a designated line (until the signal was given by the commander, helpers must NOT enter the landing area to pick up the implement).

14. Students waiting for their throws should stay in a safety area which is far away from the thrower. They should watch the thrower who is in action and make proper response. The safety area should be appropriately re-adjusted during practice of left-handed classmates.

15. Implements must only be retrieved on a given signal from a commander. They must be carried back in a correct way.

Students should not run with an implement.

16. Never stop an implement when it is still in action.

17. When a throwing implement is wet, it should be dried before being used again.

18. A javelin should be carried vertically with its point as near to the ground as possible.

19. No one is permitted to run with a javelin unless he/she is making a proper throw.

20. Javelins should be placed flat on the ground or vertically in storage racks.

21. Rotation method of Shot Put should not be taught in PE lessons.

II. Environment and Facilities

Throwing Events

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1. Adequate space should be allocated as a buffer area for deceleration at training grounds.

2. Long distance runs are not suitable to be held in hot and humid weather.

3. No jump should be made before the landing area is cleared.

4. Polypads used in landing area must be soft with suitable thickness. They must be closely linked giving an even cushioning effect over the area as a whole to enable safe landing.

5. The landing area for High Jump should be at least 4.8m x 3m with the thickness not less than 0.6m (about 12 polypads) and 0.4m (about 8 polypads) for secondary and primary schools respectively. Teachers may exercise their professional judgment in adjusting the size of the landing area with reference to the teaching progress.

6. The sand in the sand pit should be free from unnecessary objects and debris and it should be leveled from time to time with a spade or a rake. Tools should never be left in the pit or lying near the pit with the teeth pointing downwards.

7. Adequate space should be reserved as a restricted area for the landing of implements

8. Discus Throw must be conducted in a throwing cage with netting of at least 4m in height. When modified implements (such as quoits) are used in the teaching of Discus Throw, teachers should exercise their professional judgment in making appropriate arrangements with regard to throwing area, landing sector, safety area and practice procedures.

Running Events

Throwing Events Jumping Events

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Chapter THREE

ATHLETICS MEET

(You are advised to study Chapter One thoroughly before reading this chapter)

I. Teacher Qualifications

The person in charge of or assisting in the organisation of athletics meet must have received the necessary training and possess relevant experience and knowledge.

II. General Measures

1. In organising an Athletics Meet, schools should make proper arrangements of the following:

1.1 Helpers must be briefed on the rules, potential risks, safety precautions, the coordination between judges and helpers, discipline and control of the students, etc;

1.2 Competitors (including students, parents or guardians, staff, alumni, etc) must be reminded that they should have undergone proper training or practice before competitions; and

1.3 Contingency measures for adverse weather conditions should be drawn up and made known to all relevant parties concerned.

2. The written consent of the parents of participating students must be obtained before the day of the Athletics Meet.

3. Before enrolment, students must be advised to pay attention to their own health conditions and not to be engaged in activities that are beyond their abilities. They should wear proper clothing for the events.

4. Schools should invite qualified first aid teams (such as the Hong Kong St. John Ambulance, the Hong Kong Auxiliary Medical Services, etc) to provide first aid services as far as possible. If this cannot be arranged, the school should appoint a person possessing a valid first aid certificate to perform such duties.

Administrative Procedure

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15

5. The route of entering and leaving the venue and the procedures and routes of evacuation in an emergency must be planned in advance and made known to all relevant parties concerned.

6. The school should liaise with the officer-in-charge of the sports ground or stadium concerned and the duty-officer on the competition days at least three working days prior to the Athletics Meet to ensure that there will be proper and adequate provision of equipment and facilities for all events.

The school must note the following:

6.1 The arrangements agreed and the points discussed with the staff of the sports ground or stadium is recorded;

and

6.2 A layout plan of the sports ground or stadium is obtained indicating clearly and correctly the venue for each event, the location of emergency exits, the first aid room, the parking space for emergency vehicles, etc.

7. Helpers must be properly trained before the Athletics Meet.

8. The school should ensure that there are sufficient helpers on duty at the venue. However, junior students should not be assigned any duties in throwing events.

9. Before the Athletics Meet, the school should make sure that all staff and students are aware of the following:

9.1 The potential risks of each event and the safety measures;

9.2 The need to maintain good discipline and observe rules;

9.3 The responsibility of each individual in the prevention of accidents;

9.4 Contingency measures and relevant arrangements in adverse weather conditions;

9.5 The route of entering and leaving the venue and the procedures and routes of evacuation in an emergency;

9.6 The layout plan of the sports ground or stadium such as the venue for each event, the location of emergency exits, the first aid room, the parking space for emergency vehicles, etc; and

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9.7 The need to report to the teachers in charge or the crisis management team in case of accidents or unexpected incidents.

10. In drawing up the programme, the school should make sure that:

10.1 In selecting events, consideration should be given to the abilities of participants and the environment and facilities of the competition venues;

10.2 Students are not allowed to participate in more than three individual events and three relays on any one day;

10.3 In arranging running, jumping and throwing events, attention should be paid to the allocation of competition venues (For example, when the starting point of a track event is very close to the competition area of a Discus Throw, these two events should not be held at the same time).

10.4 Track events with a similar nature (for example, 100m and 200m, 800m and 1500m, etc) are not closely scheduled for competitors of the same grade;

10.5 The heats, semi-finals and final of the same event should be arranged with suitable time intervals. The suggested minimum time intervals for track events are:

60m, 100m, 200m --- 45 minutes 400m, 800m --- 90 minutes 1500m or above --- 3 hours 10.6 The Javelin, Discus and Soft Ball Throw should not be

conducted at the same time.

11. In the following circumstances, an Athletics Meet should be cancelled or postponed:

11.1 The Education Bureau announces suspension of classes;

11.2 The Hong Kong Observatory issues the Red or Black Rainstorm Warning Signal;

11.3 The Hong Kong Observatory issues the Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal Number 3 or above;

Cancel or Postpone Programme Planning

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11.4 The AQHI or its forecast reaches 10+ Note 9 at the activity zone; and

11.5 Serious flooding in the district at which the school or the venue is located.

12. The teacher-in-charge should check with the duty-officer of the sports ground or stadium on the day of the Athletics Meet the relevant points discussed and agreed as mentioned in paragraph 6.1 under General Measures of this chapter and check whether proper arrangements have been made.

13. Strenuous or prolonged events should be cancelled or postponed in hot or extremely humid weather conditions on the day of the Athletics Meet.

14. When the Hong Kong Observatory issues the Thunderstorm Warning, the schools should discuss with the duty-officer of the venue to cancel or postpone the events. If the isolated thunderstorm warning is issued, please refer to Chapter 1 Note

8 for the proper arrangement.

15. Competitors should be reminded to be aware of their own health conditions on the day of the Athletics Meet. When they feel sick before or during competitions, they should stop competition and report to the teachers concerned immediately.

16. Competitors should be advised to warm up thoroughly before their events and to keep their body warm while waiting for events.

17. All tools and equipment must be checked for safety before use. Wet implements should be dried with cloths or towels before use. When it is raining, the High Jump, Hurdling and all throwing events that are particularly hazardous should be cancelled or postponed

18. Helpers should wear uniforms or signs for easy identification.

19. People not participating in the events should not be allowed to enter the competition areas.

20. On completion of each event, all competitors must leave the competition area immediately.

Note 9 Please refer to item 6, Part IV of Chapter One for information on AQHI.

Track Events Conduct of the Meet

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21. Spikes, starting blocks and other equipment should not be left lying around.

22. Before starting a track event, the track should be cleared of unnecessary objects and people who are not participating in the event.

23. The take-over zones for the 4 x 400m should be properly managed to avoid collision.

24. In long distance events, the number of runners should be appropriately kept. Grouping or preliminary rounds should be arranged to ensure that not too many competitors will start running at the same time.

25. Finishing tape should not be used at the finish point.

26. Before each hurdle race, helpers are reminded to check the counterweight of hurdles and make adjustment according to the hurdle heights.

27. Before each trial, the judge should stand inside the throwing circle/arc, or in front of the cross bar or take-off board/line to remind competitors not to make a trial until the landing area/sector is clear and the measurements are completed.

28. Competitors must stop making a trial when they are aware that somebody is moving into the landing area/sector or runway.

29. Competitors should be clearly instructed not to throw an implement before the judge gives a signal.

30. Helpers and other competitors must stay well away from the throwing circle or the runway when a competitor is making a throw. They should also keep an eye on the thrower and the possible flight of the implement.

31. Competitors must remain in the throwing circle or the runway after the throw. They must never run after the implement. Helpers must not enter the landing sector to pick up the implement until a signal is given. The implement must never be thrown back.

32. Helpers must be careful when transporting implements. They must not run when carrying an implement. A basket may be used to carry shots and discus. Javelins must be carried vertically with the point as near to the ground as possible.

Throwing Events Field Events

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33. All implements should never be left on the ground or the landing sector. For example, javelins should be placed flat on the ground or vertically in a storage rack at the assembly point.

34. Landing sectors should be roped off so that they are separated from other sectors. The ropes should be positioned well away from the sector lines and a warning notice be displayed on both sides of the roped area.

35. A throwing cage with netting of at least 4m in height should be used for the Discus Throw. Other competitors should stand outside the cage and keep a considerable distance from the netting.

36. The sand in the sand pit must be cleared of unnecessary objects and debris before a competition takes place. It should be leveled with a spade or rake at regular intervals. The tools should not be left in the pit or near its edges. The teeth of the spade or rake must be pointing downwards.

37. Take-off boards/lines must be appropriately positioned so that competitors can land safely in the sand pit. According to the abilities of competitors, extra take-off lines may be set up in the Triple Jump to cater for the different levels of competitors. Grass surface is not recommended for a take-off area.

38. The landing area for High Jump must be padded with soft polypads. It must be large and has adequate cushioning. Its surface should be soft, comfortable, of low friction and without gaps and holes. The sets of polypads must be evenly spread and closely linked providing for the competitor an even cushioning effect over the area as a whole. A tarpaulin should be used to cover the whole landing area.

39. In the High Jump, helpers responsible for setting the cross- bar should stand clear of the uprights in the course of a trial.

Jumping Events

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Chapter FOUR

CROSS COUNTRY AND ROAD RUNNING RACE

(You are advised to study Chapter One thoroughly before reading this chapter)

General Measures

1. A site visit before the race must be conducted to identify points of potential dangers. Appropriate arrangements should be made to minimise the chances of accidents.

2. Information of potential dangers, first aid stations, check points, contingency procedures, etc should be made known to helpers and runners before the race.

3. Schools are advised to brief students on the arrangements of the race to make sure that they are aware of the matters to note.

4. A written parental consent from participating students must be obtained before the race. Students suffering from trachea or cardiovascular diseases should refrain from participating in this activity except on the recommendation of a doctor.

5. Permission should be obtained from relevant government departments or private organisations before the race, for example, the Hong Kong Police Force Note 10, the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Note 11, etc.

6. Schools should invite or appoint a person possessing a valid first aid certificate to provide first aid services and casualty transport as necessary. If necessary, schools may make an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) available at the competition venue and arrange for personnel having received relevant training to assist in administering first aid.

7. The distance of the course and level of difficulty should be set to suit the abilities of students.

Note 10 Permission should be obtained from the Regional Commander of the Hong Kong Police Force for organising running activities on roads.

Note 11 For organising races on country parks and coastal parks, a permit must be applied Administrative

Procedure

Route Arrangement

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8. Races should not be held during relatively hot or humid periods of the day. Special attention should be paid to the conditions in hot seasons.

9. The course should be planned to avoid dangerous points, such as roads, cycleways, streams, muddy and slippery loose surfaces, deep ditches, barbed wire, railings, etc.

10. The starting area should have adequate space to avoid the chance of runners to trip over one another. Runners who achieve better results in individual events are advised to stand in the front while regional patterning is arranged for team events.

11. The number of runners in each race should be set according to the capacity of the course.

12. For relatively long distance races, the organiser should arrange adequate check points en route with drinks available at some of these points.

13. A communication system should be set up to facilitate prompt report of the conditions en route and the number of runners going past each check point.

14. Helpers should wear identification marks such as uniforms or arm badges to enable runners to have easy identification for help if necessary.

15. The number of runners should be counted and checked at the start, en route and at the finish. A “sweeping up” system should be adopted to ensure that no runner is left behind in the course.

16. On the day of races, the organiser should pay attention to the information announced by the Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department and the Hong Kong Observatory including the AQHI, Cold or Very Hot Weather Warning, etc to decide whether the day is suitable for holding the races.

Conduct of the Race

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Chapter FIVE DANCE

(You are advised to study Chapter One thoroughly before reading this chapter)

I. Teaching Considerations

1. Students should wear suitable clothing and footwear.

2. Students should adequately do warm-up exercises at the beginning of the activity (particularly for high level and strenuous dance activities). Cool down activities should be done at the end of the activity.

3. When doing warm-up, students should refrain from movements which may cause excessive stress and strain to avoid injury in the joints and muscles.

4. Students should make use of space to avoid collision and causing obstruction to each other.

5. Activities should be arranged according to the abilities of students. Students must not be allowed to do acts of flaunting physical capabilities.

II. Environment and Facilities

1. Dance activities should be carried out on a smooth and dry floor.

2. Dancing room should be kept dry and well ventilated and should be regularly cleaned and sanitised.

3. Regular checks must be conducted on the facilities, equipment and safety equipment of the dancing room. It is advisable to have soft pads on the corners of the facilities.

4. Dancing mirrors and railings should be properly positioned and students are reminded not to collide with such facilities.

5. The sound equipment and power connection should conform to the safety requirements.

6. When using appliances and props, risk assessment and relevant safety measures should be conducted.

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23

Chapter SIX GAMES

(You are advised to study Chapter One thoroughly before reading this chapter)

I. Teaching Considerations

1. Matching between students of approximately the same body size and physical capacity should be arranged in activities involving body contact.

2. Students should be reminded not to climb or hang on goals or stands. They should not pull or hang on the basketball ring.

3. When conducting activities, the activity space and buffer area, and the number of students in each group or team as well as the distance between teams, should be properly planned according to the conditions of the venue and the environment.

4. When hitting objects (such as softball, golf, etc) to make them fly, adequate space should be provided. Students should be reminded to be aware of the distance, speed and direction of flying objects (such as balls).

5. Students should be reminded not to enter the courts to retrieve balls when an activity is in progress. When a ball is rolling or has rolled into the court, which may pose danger, the activity being conducted in the court should be suspended.

6. When practicing spiking in volleyball activities, no ball should be rolled back under the net but by the side of the court.

7. Students should be reminded not to jump over or duck under the net.

II. Environment and Facilities

1. Ball games and games activities should be conducted on level ground which is non-slippery.

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2. Goals, posts and stands should be adequately secured or anchored to the ground and protective devices be appropriately provided.

3. Schools should install smooth basketball rims which have no sharp edges.

4. Winding handles on posts should be folded when they are not in use.

5. In the following circumstances, any obstruction in the court which cannot be removed should be padded :

5.1 The area within 1m outside boundary lines of a basketball court;

5.2 The area within 1m outside the side lines and 2m outside the outer goal lines of a handball court;

5.3 The area within 3m outside boundary lines of a volleyball court; and

5.4 The area within 1m outside the boundary lines of a badminton court.

6. No equipment should be left lying within the boundary of activity when it is not in use.

7. Football boots with spikes must only be worn on grass pitch and artificial grass turf; all players must wear shin pads when football boots with spikes are worn by other players.

.

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25

Chapter SEVEN GAMES DAY

(You are advised to study Chapter One thoroughly before reading this chapter)

Schools organising track and field events on Games Day should also refer to Chapter Two: “Athletics Lessons and Training” and Chapter Three: “Athletics Meet”.

I. Teacher Qualifications

The person in charge of or assisting in the organisation of Games Day must have received the necessary training and possess relevant experience and knowledge.

II. General Measures

1. In organising a Games Day, schools should make proper arrangements for the following:

1.1 Helpers must be properly briefed. The briefing should cover the rules, the potential risks, safety measures, the co-ordination between judges and helpers, discipline and control of the participating students;

1.2 Competitors (including students, parents/guardians, staff, alumni, etc) must be reminded that they should have undergone proper training or practice before competitions; and

1.3 Contingency measures for adverse weather conditions should be drawn up and made known to all relevant parties concerned.

2. The written consent of the parents of participating students must be obtained before the Games Day.

3. Before entering any event, students must be reminded to pay attention to their own health conditions and not to engage in activities which are beyond their abilities, and must wear proper clothing and shoes.

Administrative Procedure

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4. Schools should invite qualified first aid teams (such as the Hong Kong St. John Ambulance, the Hong Kong Auxiliary Medical Services, etc) to provide first aid services as far as possible on the Games Day. If this cannot be arranged, the school should appoint a person possessing a valid first aid certificate to perform such duties.

5. The routes of entering and leaving the venue on the Games Day and the procedures and the routes of evacuation in an emergency must be planned in advance and made known to all relevant parties concerned.

6. Prior permission should be obtained from the officer-in- charge of a venue of the Leisure and Cultural Services Department or the Housing Department for organising the designed games there.

7. The school should contact the officer-in-charge of the venue concerned and the duty-officer on the Games Day at least three working days prior to the Games Day to ensure that there will be proper and adequate provision of equipment and facilities for the Games Day. The school must note the following:

7.1 The arrangements agreed and the points discussed with the staff of the venue are recorded; and

7.2 A layout plan of the venue concerned is obtained indicating clearly and correctly the venue for each event, the location of emergency exits, the first aid room, the parking space for emergency vehicles, etc.

8. Helpers must be properly trained before the Games Day.

9. The school should ensure that there are sufficient officials and helpers on duty in the venue. Students of senior primary (except for throwing events) or above may be assigned to offer assistance.

10. Before the Games Day, the school should make sure that all the staff and students are aware of the following:

10.1 The potential risks of each event on the Games Day and the safety precautions to be observed;

10.2 The need to maintain good discipline and observe rules;

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27

10.3 The responsibility of each individual in the prevention of accidents;

10.4 Contingency measures and relevant arrangements in adverse weather conditions;

10.5 The routes of entering and leaving the venue and the procedures and routes of evacuation in an emergency;

10.6 The layout plan of the venue such as the venue for each event, the location of emergency exits, the first aid room, the parking space for emergency vehicles, etc.;

and

10.7 The need to report to the teachers in charge or the crisis management team in case of accidents or unexpected incidents.

11. In drawing up the programme, the school should make sure that :

11.1 A Games Day should be held on a spacious, non- slippery and level ground. If it is held indoors, adequate lighting and ventilation should be provided. If there are fans, lights, pillars, sharp edges, etc in the vicinity of the Games Day, safety checks and appropriate measures should be imposed;

11.2 In the selection and design of events, consideration should be given to the ability of students and the physical environment and facilities of the competition venue;

11.3 Due consideration should be given to the rules of each type of event, division of labour, the availability of manpower and facilities, the enrolment of competitors and time available for running the programme, etc.;

11.4 For games involving body contact, students of opposing teams should be of approximately the same age group, physical capacity and body size;

11.5 The rules and regulations of the games should be clearly stipulated before the Games Day;

11.6 For games involving slopes or places with slopes, it is advisable to run upwards rather than downwards;

Programme Planning

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11.7 In all events, adequate space must be provided as a buffer area for deceleration. For games to be conducted in a designated boundary, such as in lanes, adequate space should be provided and no finishing tape should be set at the finish point; and

11.8 Sufficient time should be left in the intervals between the heats, semi-finals and final of the same event.

12. In the following circumstances, an outdoor Games Day should be cancelled or postponed:

12.1 The Education Bureau announces suspension of classes;

12.2 The Hong Kong Observatory issues the Red or Black Rainstorm Warning Signal;

12.3 The Hong Kong Observatory issues the Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal Number 3 or above ;

12.4 The AQHI or its forecast reaches 10+ Note 12 at the activity zone; and

12.5 Serious flooding in the district at which the school or the venue is located.

13. Strenuous or prolonged events should be cancelled or postponed in hot or extremely humid weather conditions.

14. When the Hong Kong Observatory issues the Thunderstorm Warning, the schools should discuss with the duty-officer of the venue to cancel or postpone the events. If the isolated thunderstorm warning is issued, please refer to Chapter 1

Note 8 for the proper arrangement (except for indoor venues).

15. Competitors should be reminded to be aware of their own health conditions on the Games Day and that they should not engage in activities which are beyond their abilities. When they feel sick before or during competitions, they should stop competing and report to the relevant teachers immediately.

16. Competitors should be advised to warm up thoroughly before each event and to keep their body warm while waiting for events.

17. All equipment must be checked for safety before use. Wet implements should be dried with cloths or towels before use.

18. All equipment must be securely installed.

Conduct

of the Games Day Cancel or Postpone

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19. Obstacles used for hurdling should come off easily or fall naturally at contact so that participants would not be tripped over.

20. Schools should strictly enforce the rules and regulations of the games to ensure that they are conducted in safe conditions.

21. Helpers should wear uniforms or signs for easy identification.

22. People not involving in the event in progress should not be allowed to enter the competition areas.

23. On completion of each event, all competitors must leave the competition area immediately.

24. Before each trial, the judge should stand inside the throwing circle/arc, or in front of the scratch line of the cross bar or the take-off board/line to remind competitors not to make a trial until the landing area/sector is clear and the measurement is completed.

25. Competitors must stop making a trial when they are aware that somebody is moving into the landing area/sector or runway.

26. Helpers and other competitors must stay well away from the throwing circle or the runway when a competitor is making a throw. They should also keep an eye on the thrower and the possible flight of the implement.

27. Competitors to remain in the throwing circle or the runway after the throw. They must never run after the implement.

Helpers must not enter the landing sector to pick up the implement until a signal is given. The implement must never be thrown back.

28. Landing areas for jumping events should be level surfaces without unnecessary objects nearby and with adequate cushioning when necessary.

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Chapter EIGHT

GYMNASTICS AND TRAMPOLINING

(You are advised to study Chapter One thoroughly before reading this chapter)

I. Teacher Qualifications

Only teachers who have obtained Elementary Gold Award issued by the Gymnastics Association of Hong Kong, China or qualifications recognised by the Education Bureau can be appointed to teach trampolining.

II. Teaching Considerations

1. Appropriate teaching plans should be drawn up and students are introduced clearly the learning points of the relevant movements.

2. Students should be taught to raise their safety awareness and must not be allowed to do acts of flaunting physical capabilities.

3. Students should be taught to wear suitable clothing and footwear and not to wear ornaments and watches when engaged in gymnastics exercise.

4. Students should be reminded to warm up thoroughly before exercise.

5. Students should be taught to do proper supplementary exercise to enhance flexibility and strength to facilitate the learning of various gymnastics skills.

6. Students should be taught to move sensibly to avoid collision and obstruction to each other.

7. Equipment may be padded with safety cushion for absorbing the impact on the body and students are provided with hand guards, magnesium powder, etc when it is necessary.

8. Gymnastics skills and the related correct spotting methods should be taught at the same time.

General Notes

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