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Unit 11 Evolution 67

Unit 12 Math 73

Unit 13 Death 79

Unit 14 Orangutan 85

Unit 15 Peace Corps 91

Unit 16 Poker Face 97

Unit 17 The Bard of Avon 103

Unit 18 Smith Fedex 109

Unit 19 The Olympics 115

Unit 20 Young Age 121

Contents

Unit 01 Zoo 7

Unit 02 Bullfighting 13

Unit 03 Alien 19

Unit 04 Alison Lapper 25

Unit 05 Baseball 31

Unit 06 Bermuda Triangle 37

Unit 07 British English 43

Unit 08 Career 49

Unit 09 What on Earth is Earth Day? 55

Unit 10 Eiffel 61

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What can you see from the picture?

Look at the picture and write the answers.

1. Do you like to play with animals?

2. Which animal do you like best?

Pre-Reading

New Words

toss to throw around

psychologist a person who studies the human mind

beg to ask for very eagerly

flick to make a short, sudden movement delighted very pleased

drench to make wet

Zoo

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D

id you ever get the feeling your dog was laughing at you? New research suggests maybe he was! Dogs make “huffing” noises scientists think is doggie laughter. Dogs make that noise when inviting another animal-or a person-to play. Theyalso make it when tossing a toy around by themselves.

Patricia Simonet, a Spokane, Washington, psychologist, first identified the sound. She recorded various dog sounds on a special machine that also graphs noise. The dog laughs looked different. When she played the sounds back to other dogs, they also reacted positively.

Does laughter mean sense of humor? No one knows for sure yet, but researchers are working to answer the question.

Do great apes have a sense of humor? “Definitely,” says Rob Shumaker, a scientist at the Great Ape Trust in Des Moines, Iowa. At a zoo where he used to work, Shumaker was watering the orangutan cage. It was a hot day. Junior, an adult male, begged for a drink. The ape was sitting on a platform higher than Shumaker’ s hose could reach, so he flicked him some drops. Delighted, Junior laughed out loud. A long, playful water fight followed.

Afterwards, Shumaker walked over to say good-bye to Junior, and the laughing ape made one sweep of his arm, drenching Shumaker.

“Hetotally got me!” said Rob.

1.

The word"They"(line 6) refers to .

2.

The word"He"(line 25) refers to .

Reading

Track 1

Understanding Pronouns

5

10

15

20

25 1

New Exploring Reading & Writing3 – Unit 01

01

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1.

The main idea of this passage is that . a. dogs are nice to play with

b. Patricia Simonet identified many sounds c. animals also make laughing sounds

2.

The best title for this passage would be . a. Laughing Animals

b. A Good Smile c. Dogs and Apes

1.

Patricia Simonet is .

a. a dog trainer b. a psychologist c. an ape trainer

2.

According to the passage, new research suggests that dogs .

a. like to play with people b. make laughing sounds c. record various sounds

3.

When Shumaker flicked Junior some water, Junior .

a. made an angry noise b. hit Shumaker with his arm c. laughed out loud

Circle the best answer.

Understanding the Main Idea

Circle the best answer.

Understanding Details

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1.

My clothes got in the big rain.

2.

I’m too tired to get up. Ross, could you me my wallet?

3.

It is nice to watch comedy movies because they say that is the best medicine.

4.

Frankly, I was very to see my brother at my graduation ceremony.

5.

Patricia Simonet likes to record various doggie .

sense of humor : the condition of liking to laugh and have fun Lighten up. Where’s your sense of humor?

Scientists have found that dogs have a sense of humor.

You should laugh a lot if you want to develop a good sense of humor.

laugh out loud : to make loud laughing sounds The movie was so funny that I laughed out loud.

You shouldn’t laugh out loud in front of your teachers.

Some people say that laughing out loudis good for your health.

Fill in each blank with one of the words in the list below.

Vocabulary Practice

New Phrases

toss sounds psychologist laughter platform

fight flick delighted drenched sweep

New Exploring Reading & Writing3 – Unit 01

01

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New research suggests that dogs .

Patricia Simonet and found that dogs

laugh.

Rob Shumaker says that great apes definitely have a .

, Rob flicked Junior some water.

Junior and later drenched Rob with water.

This is a summary of the passage.

Fill in the blanks with the right words.

Making a Summary

sense of humor one hot day make laughing sounds recorded various sounds began to laugh

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1.

Research shows that animals, too, .

2.

Researchers are trying to find if .

3.

, Rob Shumaker the orangutan cage.

4.

A great ape named Junior .

5.

Rob and Junior began to laugh.

What did you do with the dog?

How did the dog react when you touched it with your hand?

Did it wag its tail? Did it make any sounds?

Based on your experience, do you think dogs make laughing noises?

Listen to each sentence and fill in the blanks.

Listening Practice

Track 2

Write a short paragraph about your experience playing with a dog. Use the following questions as a guide.

Homework - Writing Practice

New Exploring Reading & Writing3 – Unit 01

01

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