Mandwewala 1976)ፖᨠྒྷ(Johnson &amp

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1. ֧ߢ

ง ཋ ਣ ቸ ऱ UBV ٠ ৫ ൄ ๯ ش ࠐ ං ᄩ ง ཋ ਣ ቸ ऱ ၏ ᠦ ᑓ ᑇ (distance modulus)(ࠏڕ van den Bergh 1962Ιvan den Bergh & de Roux 1978)Εڣ᤿ࢨࠟृ

ٵழᛧ൓(ᓵ֮ᑇመڍΔฃᜰᑇࠏΝMoffat 1971ΙHarris & Canterna 1981ΙPhelps

& Janes 1991ΙMottinho 1997)Δ܀ਢงཋਣቸऱદ֏ፖ௣٠ଥإլ୲࣐Δൄ׽౨ ଥإ OB ীਁਣ(ࠏڕ Tifft 1958ΙTurner 1989ΙPhelps & Janes 1991 )Δࠌ൓၏ᠦ ᑓᑇፖڣ᤿ܧ෼ԫࡳ࿓৫ऱᎄ஁Ζ

UBV ٠৫ਢ Johnson & Morgan (1953)ࢬ࿇୶ऱᐈ᙮൅٠৫ߓอ(ӔӳД 1000͘)Δڰཚط 1P21 ٠ሽ଍ᏺጥ܂੡ೠྒྷᕴΔጠ੡٠ሽ٠৫Ι৵ࠐঞڍ੡ CCD

೚੡ೠྒྷᕴΔጠ੡ CCD ٠৫Ζۥਐᑇ(U-B)֘ਠԱසᢜᒵ Balmer limitΔױٵழ

܂੡ᄵ৫ፖ٠৫ਐᑇΙۖۥਐᑇ(B-V)ঞ֘ਠԱ႕᧯ᘿ୴ױߠ٠ຑᥛ೴Δ֘ਠԱ

ਁਣ।૿ᄵ৫೏܅Δፖਁਣ٠ᢜীઌኙᚨΖ

ਣᎾտᔆܮگᐙ᥼Աงཋਣቸհ၏ᠦፖڣ᤿ऱංጩΖ௣٠யᚨࠌ൓ਣ٠ೣᄆ

ۖᎄא੡၏ᠦለ᎛Ιۖદ֏෼ွঞࠌ൓งཋਣቸګ୉ऱਣۥೣฝΔᖄીงཋਣቸ ڣ᤿ऱ࿛ழڴᒵขسᎄ஁ۖᐙ᥼ڣ᤿ऱ۷ૠΖڂڼΔงཋਣቸ٠৫ऱદ֏ፖ௣٠ ऱଥإΔڶܗ࣍૾܅งཋਣቸհ၏ᠦፖڣ᤿ऱ۷ૠᎄ஁Ζ

ڶ๺ڍઔߒᆢઔߒਣᎾտᔆࢨงཋਣቸऱદ֏ፖ௣٠யᚨΔ׌૞ط෻ᓵ (Blacno 1956ΙRozis-Saulgeot 1956ΙWhitford 1958ΙGutierrez-Moreno & Moreno 1972ΙCrawford & Mandwewala 1976)ፖᨠྒྷ(Johnson & Morgan 1953ΙHiltner &

Johnson 1956)ֱࠟ૿ထ֫Ζ

ࠡխᣂ᝶ࢤऱઔߒᅝං Johnson & Morgan (1953)ऱᓵ֮Δהଚࠌشբव壄ᒔ ٠ᢜऱ OΕB ীਁਣΔ൶ಘ UBV ٠৫ਣᎾխܮگऱൣݮΔࠌش(B-V)ፖ (U-B)ࠟ

ጟۥਐᑇ(color index)ቹࠐၞ۩દ֏։࣫Ζ(B-V)-(U-B)ቹԫ౳ጠ੡ᠨۥቹΰtwo color diagramαΔ១ጠ TCDΖ

1.1. દ֏

Johnson & Morgan (1953)ಾኙᑇଡงཋਣቸፖբव၏ᠦऱ२ਣΔᛧ൓ OB ী

ਁਣڇ TCD խऱ։ؒܧ෼ऴᒵΔࠡ඙෷ E(U-B)/E(B-V)੡ԫൄᑇΔࠡଖ੡ 0.72Ζ

܀ڇ Hiltner & Johnson (1956)խΔਐנ E(U-B)/E(B-V)ፖ E(B-V)੡ᒵࢤᣂএΚ

V) - 0.05E(B V) 0.72

- E(B

B) -

E(U 

ࠡխ E(U-B)ፖ E(B-V)ጠ੡ۥ஁ฆ(color excess)ΔࡳᆠڕՀڤࢬقΖ

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0 0

V) - (B - V) - (B V) - E(B

B) - (U - B) - (U B) - E(U

{ {

ࠡխ(U-B)ፖ(B-V)੡ᨠྒྷհۥਐᑇΔ(U-B)0ፖ(B-V)0։ܑਢآ࠹ਣᎾܮگፖ દ֏հۥਐᑇΖ

Blacno(1956)ፖ Rozis-Saulgeot(1956)ൕ෻ᓵՂᢞࣔΔڇ(B-V)-(U-B)ቹՂऱદ

֏։ؒܧ෼੡ڴᒵΔࠡรԫ२ۿᣂএڕՀڤࢬقΝ V)]2

- E(B [ V) - E(B B)

-

E(U r s

ኙ࣍ OB ਣࠐᎅΔr=0.72(Johnson & Morgan 1953ΙHiltner & Johnson 1956)Δ s=0.09(Blacno 1956)Ε0.05(Hiltner & Johnson 1956)ΖLindholm (1957)ංጩ r ऱᑇ ଖᙟ٠ᢜীۖլٵΔO ীਣ੡ 0.77ΔB0 IV-B3 IV ীਣ੡ 0.72ΔB5V-A3V ীਣ੡

0.68Ζ

܀ਢ Wampler(1961)ᛀ᧭Ա Hiltner & Johnson(1956)ؾᙕխऱ O ীਣΔ࿇෼દ

֏ڴᒵհڴ෷ৰ՛ΔኔᎾՂۿ׏ཋ؈ڇᨠྒྷរऱឩཋխۖྤऄ೴։ڴ෷ΖՈ༉ਢ ᎅΔڇԫ౳ሎጩխΔs ႈױא࢙ฃΖStraizys (1964)ऱ൶ಘՈ֭਍ຍᓵរΖۖ Straizys (1964)ઔߒऱ࿨࣠᧩ق r ፖ s ຟፖءᔆ(ܛآદ֏)ऱ(B-V)0ᑇ㯍ڶᣂΔ܀ਢ s Օી

੡ࡳ㯍Δપ੡ 0.06 ۟ 0.08 հၴΙ r ڇ(B-V)0ڇ 0.0Д1.6 ੡ᒵࢤإઌᣂΖStraizys, et al. (1976)ൕ෻ᓵ൶ಘլٵጟᣊऱਁਣદ֏ፖ௣٠Δڇࠡᓵ֮խऱ।Կፖቹ؄᧩

قԱ׌ݧਣΕ؎ਣΕ၌؎ਣፖػᅶਣऱદ֏೶ᑇ r ፖ s ऱᑇଖΔא֗௣٠ॽऱֺ

㯍Ι࿨࣠Ո᧩قڇ A0V-K0V5 հၴΔE(U-B)/E(B-V)ፖ(B-V)0ܧᒵࢤᣂএΖ Straizys, et al. (1976)൶ಘԱԿ୚٠৫ߓอΔࠡխ UBV ٠৫ߓอऱ࿨࣠(।Բ ፖቹ؄)Δਢءઔߒၞ۩દ֏ଥإऱૹ૞ࠉᖕΖڇࠟଡᒵࢤ೴഑ΰOB ਣፖ F5V~K3VαխΔE(U-B)/E(B-V) vs. (B-V)0 ီ੡ᒵࢤᣂএΖ٠ᢜী OB ਣऱ (B-V)0=-0.32~-0.09ΔE(U-B)/E(B-V)ፖ(B-V)0հᣂএڕՀڤࢬقΖ

0.6894 V)

- (B 0.1165 V) -

- E(B

B) - E(U

0 

ۖڇF5V~K3Vհ(B-V)0=0.45~0.95ᒤ໮խΔᣂএڕՀΝ

0.6660 V)

- (B 0.2980 V)

- E(B

B) - E(U

0 

طE(U-B)/E(B-V)Εٺงཋਣቸऴᒵ೴഑ᚵٽ(fitting)ᣂএא֗آદ֏ऴᒵ೴

഑ᚵٽᣂএױא൓ࠩᝫ଺દ֏ऱ(B-V)0ଖΖ

ط࣍ඡ࣍A3ীऱਁਣ౒֟壄ᒔऱ٠ᢜಛஒΔJohnson & Morgan (1953)޲ڶ

ಾኙຍᣊਁਣၞ۩દ֏ፖ௣٠ऱ൶ಘΖڶࠄઔߒᆢಾኙඡཚী؎ਣ(G8III-K5III)

൶ಘመદ֏ፖ௣٠ΰMorgan, Harris, and Johnson 1953ΙαΔ܀ءઔߒറࣹڇ׌ݧ

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ਣऱ൶ಘΔڂۖլᔞشΖ׼؆Ոڶԫࠄࠡה٠৫ߓอऱદ֏ፖ௣٠ઔߒΔࠏڕ uvby٠৫ߓอፖHӪ٠৫ߓอ(Crawford 1975ΙCrawford & Mandwewala 1976Ι)Δ Ոլᔞش࣍ءઔߒΖ

1.2. ೶ᑇ Q

׼؆Δ࿪Օڍᑇਁਣ޲ڶ٠ᢜࢨਢ׽ڶ܅ᇞ࣫৫٠ᢜΔJohnson & Morgan

(1953)༼נԫଡլ࠹દ֏௣٠ऱᐙ᥼ऱֱऄΔࠐ։࣫งཋਣቸऱદ֏Ζהଚࡳᆠ

ԫଡլ࠹દ֏ᐙ᥼ऱ೶ᑇQΝ

0

0 (B-V)

V) - E(B

B) - -E(U B) - (U

V) - V)(B - E(B

B) - -E(U B) - (U Q{

ኙ࣍Qऱᑇ㯍ΔJohnson & Morgan (1953)ංᖄ൓ࠩऱᣂএ੡(B-V)0=0.332QΙ Heintz (1973)(B-V)0=0.277Q-0.045ΙCrawford & Mandwewala (1976)OBਣऱ ᨠྒྷ㯍ፖ෻ᓵ㯍ףאֺለΔ࿇෼Q(B-V)0հᣂএ੡ (B-V)0=0.308QΖഗءՂΔ ٺઔߒृࢬ൓ࠩऱQᑇଖ࢖ڼຟᝫܭٽΖ

Johnson & Morgan (1953)ܓشԿଡਣᆢխբव壄ᒔ٠ᢜऱBীਣΔ։࣫દ֏

ൣݮΔ࿇෼Q(B-V)੡ᒵࢤᣂএΔۖ׊඙෷ઌٵΔપ੡2.97ΖຍԿଡਣᆢ੡NGC 2362ΕM36ፖբव၏ᠦհॽਣΖኙ࣍B1-B9ীਣΔ(B-V)0=-0.009+0.337Qא֗

E(B-V)=(B-V)0-0.377Q+0.009ΔQ㯍տ࣍-0.08-0.05հၴΖ

ط࣍QଖऱֱऄڇOBীਣᛧ൓ߜړऱ࿨࣠ۖ๯ᐖऑආشΖኙ࣍A0ޓඡཚ ऱ׌ݧਣΔঞᏁ૞լٵऱQ(Gutierrez-Moreno & Moreno 1972)Ζ

೶ᑇQࢬᤖ៲ऱრᆠ੡દ֏ڴᒵΖڕ࣠ኙਬԫଡࡐࡳ٠ᢜীਁਣࠐᎅΔࠡ

E(U-B)/E(B-V)੡ࡳଖCΔঞΚ

V) - V)(B - E(B

B) - C E(U B) - (U

V) - V)(B - E(B

B) - -E(U B) - (U C Q



Ÿ

ঞڕ࣠E(U-B)/E(B-V)੡ࡳଖΔڇTCDխհદ֏ڴᒵঞ੡ᒵࢤΖڕ࣠

V) - (B C C

Q 1 2 ΔC1C2੡ൄᑇΔঞΚ

V) - V) (B - E(B

B) - C E(U C

B) - (U

V) - V)(B - E(B

B) - -E(U B) - (U V) - (B C C

2 1 2 1

»¼

« º

¬ ª 



Ÿ



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ঞڕ࣠E(U-B)/E(B-V)੡ࡳଖΔڇTCDխհદ֏ڴᒵՈױאီ੡ᒵࢤΖڕ࣠

E(U-B)/E(B-V)(B-V)E(B-V)հᒵࢤᣂএΔঞદ֏ڴᒵؘ੡ԲڻႈڴᒵΖط࣍

Բڻદ֏ڴᒵհڴ෷ᑇଖৰ՛Δױא࢙ฃΖࢬאءઔߒऱદ֏ଥإࠌشᒵࢤᣂএΖ 1.3. ௣٠

ᅝᛧ൓งཋਣቸګ୉հદ֏㯍E(B-V)Δঞᖞ᧯ࢤܮگፖᙇᖗࢤܮگऱֺ㯍 (the ratio of total to selective absorption)ΔRऱᆖ᧭ڤՕીຟආشՀڤࠐၞ۩

V) - E(B

Av RV

RVऱᑇଖᙟઔߒᆢۖլٵΔ܀ਢՕຟڇ3.0(Morgan, Harris, and Johnson 1953ΙBlanco 1955)ॵ२ΖHiltner & Johnson (1956)ࠉᖕᎬࣾᒌ૿ՂऱOীਣΔՈ

൓ࠩٵᑌऱ࿨࣠RV =3.0̈́0.3Ζ

Blacno (1956)ࠌش៣Ֆਣ(A0V)ፖଆ್Ӫʻˠ˅˜˜˜ʼऱ٠ᢜፖᄵ৫੡ ˅ˈ˃˃˃˞Ε

˄ˇˆ˃˃˞Εˋ˃˃˃˞Εˆ˃˃˃˞ հ႕᧯ᘿ୴ֺለΔ൓ֺࠩG5ޓڰཚऱਁਣદ֏ፖ௣٠ AVऱᆖ᧭ڤ੡

V 0

V 1-0.03A

V) - ] E(B 0.3(BV) 3.1

[

A 

AV

03 . 0 76 . V) 0 - E(B

B) -

E(U 

Crawford & Mandwewala (1976)ࠌشԿጟլٵऱਣᎾ௣٠ࡳ৳ΰWhitford 1958ΙNandy et al.1975ΙBohannan 1975αࠐංጩOV-M5VΕA5III-M6IIIΕB0I-M2IRVᑇଖ(Crawford & Mandwewala 1976।ք)ΖStraizys, Sudzius, and Kuriliene

(1976)൶ಘUBV٠৫ߓอխऱ႕᧯ፖદ֏Ε௣٠யᚨΔංጩנ׌ݧਣΕ؎ਣፖ

၌؎ਣ٤٠ᢜऱદ֏Ε௣٠Δࠡխ׌ݧਣऱᑇᖕګ੡ءઔߒऱૹ૞ࠉᖕհԫΔൕ

ࠡ।Կխױං൓׌ݧਣհRV(B-V)0ऱᣂএપ੡ᒵࢤΝ RV = 0.1707 (B-V)0+ 3.3502

᜔࿨ࠐᎅΔחV0।قآ௣٠հਣ࿛ΔV੡ᨠྒྷհਣ࿛Δঞ V0 = V- AV = V- RV E(B-V)

ኙԫଡงཋਣቸࠐᎅΔൕᨠྒྷհUBV٠৫Δױאᛧ൓ޢឍਣऱVፖۥਐᑇ (B-V)Ε(U-B)ΖڇൕTCDխංጩנޢឍਣऱદ֏E(B-V)Ι٦ၞ۩௣٠ଥإΔ່

৵ᛧ൓ޢឍਣآ࠹દ֏Ε௣٠հV0(B-V) 0Δᢄנਣۥ-ਣ࿛ቹ(color-magnitude

diagramΔ৵֮ጠ੡CMD)Δᖕڼංጩڼԫงཋਣቸհ၏ᠦᑓᑇΔࠀشਁਣዝ֏

࿛ழڴᒵᚵٽ(fitting)ංጩڼԫงཋਣቸհڣ᤿Ζ

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ڇءᔆ(آ࠹દ֏Ε௣٠ᐙ᥼)TCD٠৫խΔOBਣຝ։ፖG6V-K5Vຝ։

ຟՕીܧ෼ᒵࢤ։ؒΖۖᨠኘ๺ڍงཋਣቸऱTCDխΔ࿇෼׌ݧ൅հছጤፖ৵ ጤՈՕીܧᒵࢤ։ؒΖڂڼ೗๻G6V-K5Vຝ։ऱદ֏ᑓڤፖOBຝ։ᣊۿΔല OBਣऱદ֏Ε௣٠ଥإֱڤ୚شڇG6V-K5Vຝ։Δ܀ਢઌᣂএᑇףאଥإΖ 1.4. ८᥆᠆৫ፖ࿛ழڴᒵ

ڇงཋਣቸګ୉ऱCMDTCDխΔࠡཋ܉ڴᒵፖ८᥆᠆৫ڶᣂ(Terndrup, et al., 2002 ;Sung, et al., 2002; Bertelli, et al., 1994; An, et al., 2007; Cameron, 1985)Ζ ڂڼงཋਣቸऱ८᥆᠆৫ᣂএထUBV٠৫ऱદ֏ፖ௣٠(Tadross 2003)Ζլٵ८ ᥆᠆৫ऱਁਣዝ֏ՈլٵΔࢬאڇงཋਣቸխࢬທګऱ࿛ழڴᒵ֘ਠԱ८᥆᠆৫ (Bertelli, et al. 1994;)Ζ

Bertelli, et al. (1994)ܓشਁਣዝ֏ᑓী൓ࠩ෻ᓵऱ࿛ழڴᒵΖࠌشIglesias et al. (1992)ऱᘿ୴լຘࣔ৫Δ൅Ենଡ່ॣऱ֏ᖂิګ[Z=0.0004ΔY=0.23]Ε [Z=0.004ΔY=0.24]Ε[Z=0.008ΔY=0.25]Ε[Z=0.02ΔY=0.28][Z= 0.05, Y=0.352]Δ

൓ࠩڣ᤿ڇ4ͪ106Д16ͪ109ऱ࿛ழڴᒵΖ׼؆ᝫڶࠌشHuebner et al. (1977)ऱᘿ

୴լຘࣔ৫൅Ե່ॣऱ֏ᖂิګ[Z=0.001, Y=0.23]ᑓীࢬ൓ࠩऱ࿛ழڴᒵΖࢬڶ ऱᑓীઃطሿ᤿׌ݧ൅ΰzero age main sequenceαං۟࿇୶ࠩխ՛ᔆၦਁਣऱᑷ ౧೯ዬၞ؎ਣ։֭(thermally pulsing AGB)ࢨՕᔆၦਁਣऱጙுរᗏ(carbon

ignition)ऱڣ᤿ၸ੄Δطޢଡ࿛ழڴᒵױא൓ࠩޢழཚᔆၦΕڶயᄵ৫Εᑷᘿ୴Ε

ီਣ࿛Δא֗ץܶ(U-B)Ε(B-V)Ε(V-R)Ε(V-I)Ε(V-J)Ε(V-H)(V-K)ऱਣۥΖ հ৵ Girardi, et al. (2000)ࢭ൷ထٵԫ՛ิऱՠ܂Δܧ෼נ[Z=0.0004Δ Y=0.23] Ε[Z=0.001ΔY=0.23]Ε[Z=0.004ΔY=0.24]Ε[Z=0.008ΔY=0.25]Ε[Z=0.019Δ Y=0.273] (֜ၺ࿨ዌ)[Z=0.03ΔY=0.30]ऱᑓীΔॣࡨᔆၦආشऱਢ0.15MФД7M

Фխ՛ᔆၦਁਣΔࠀ׊طᑓীխ൓ࠩڇJohnson-Cousins UBVRIJHK٠৫ߓอ෻ᓵ Ղऱ࿛ழڴᒵ૩ᇾΖ

طBertelli, et al. (1994)א֗Girardi, et al. (2000)༼נऱ࿛ழڴᒵᑓীਢᔞٽ ش࣍ေ۷งཋਣቸፖਣߓऱᖞ᧯ګ୉णኪΖᖞ෻ࠟຝ։ऱᑓীᑇᖕΰᑇᖕᇷறࠐ

۞࣍ CDSα৵Δലॣࡨګ։ૹᓤऱఎՀڣ᤿ᒤ໮ֺለՕऱΔ൓ࠩ԰ጟ८᥆᠆৫

೶ᑇհᑇᖕઌᣂᇷறڕ। 1-1Ζ

֧شຍࠄᑇᖕء֮ലઌٵ८᥆᠆৫ऱᑓী٠৫ᇷறᢄ፹ګCMDTCDΔڕ ቹ 1-2 ࢬقΔદۥ੡ٺڣ᤿ᐋլٵᔆၦऱਁਣࢬܧ෼ऱCMDTCDऱۯᆜΔ ႕ۥ੡ڇCMDխ᠏ᠦរ(turn off point)אՀ׌ݧ൅ऱ׌ݧਣۯᆜΖຍࠄז।լٵ ڣ᤿ऱਁਣኙᚨࠩ TCDխױ઎נઃڇٵԫଡڴᒵۯᆜᒤ໮Δང؁ᇩᎅڇઌٵ८ ᥆᠆৫ऱਁਣᑓীխΔܛࠌਢլٵڣ᤿ऱ׌ݧ൅ຟڶထઌ२ऱ(U-B) vs. (B-V)ऱ ᣂএΖۖطᑓীࢬංጩנࠐऱ٠৫Δਢآᆖመદ֏௣٠መऱਣۥፖਣ࿛Δڂڼط

࿛ழڴᒵױ൓ࠩMVΕ(U-B)0(B-V) 0ऱۯᆜΖ

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। 1-1 ԰ጟ८᥆᠆৫ᑓীࢬኙᚨऱڣ᤿ᒤ໮Ζ

ˬʳ ˭ʳ ˿̂˺ʻ˴˺˸ʼʳ ˬʳ ˭ʳ ˿̂˺ʻ˴˺˸ʼʳ

˃ˁ˅ˆʳ ˃ˁ˃˃˃˄ʳ ˉˁˉ̑˄˃ˁˆ˃ʳ ˃ˁ˅ˊˆʳ ˃ˁ˃˄ˌ˃ʳ ˊˁˋ̑˄˃ˁ˅ˈʳ

˃ˁ˅ˆʳ ˃ˁ˃˃˃ˇʳ ˉˁˉ̑˄˃ˁˆ˃ʳ ˃ˁ˅ˋʳ ˃ˁ˃˅˃˃ʳ ˉˁˉ̑˄˃ˁˆ˃ʳ

˃ˁ˅ˆʳ ˃ˁ˃˃˄˃ʳ ˉˁˉ̑˄˃ˁ˅ˇʳ ˃ˁˆ˃ʳ ˃ˁ˃ˆ˃˃ʳ ˊˁˋ̑˄˃ˁ˅ˈʳ

˃ˁ˅ˇʳ ˃ˁ˃˃ˇ˃ʳ ˉˁˉ̑˄˃ˁˆ˃ʳ ˃ˁ˅ˋʳ ˃ˁ˃ˈ˃˃ʳ ˉˁˉ̑˄˃ˁˆ˃ʳ

˃ˁ˅ˈʳ ˃ˁ˃˃ˋ˃ʳ ˉˁˉ̑˄˃ˁˆ˃ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ

᠏ᠦរאՀऱ׌ݧਣΔڇլٵ८᥆᠆৫ऱ TCD խᚵٽנ׌ݧ൅ڴᒵΔױא

൓ࠩ८᥆᠆৫ڶઌᣂຑऱ׌ݧ൅ऱᒵࢤֱ࿓ڤΖ੡Ա൓ࠩ׌ݧ൅ऱ(U-B) vs. (B-V) ऱᣂএΔࠉᖕᒵࢤॺᒵࢤᣂএא(B-V)೴։੡؄ଡ೴੄ᚵٽ׌ݧ൅Δ։ܑ੡ψ<

-0.1ωΕψ-0.1~0.2ωΕψ0.2~0.9ωא֗ψ>0.9ω؄ଡ೴഑Δᚵٽऱቹݮڕቹ 1-4Δ႕ ۥរז।ط CMD ᠏ᠦរאՀᗴᙇנऱ׌ݧਣΖڇ TCD ऱۯᆜΔદᒵਢᚵٽ႕ ۥរTCDۯᆜऱ࿨࣠ΖZ=0.030.05ڇB-V=0.7~0.9ڶડದॺᒵࢤΔڂڼڇᝩ

ၲڼ೴഑ᑇᖕ܂ᚵٽΖ

ڇ(B-V)՛࣍-0.1א֗0.7Д1.1հၴࠟ೴഑੡ᒵࢤ೴഑Δਢءઔߒࢬറࣹऱຝ։Δ ຍຝ։ڇ٠ᢜীᒤ໮ז।ऱਢG6VДK5VΖطຍ൓ࠩऱB-VU-Bܛ੡آદ֏

ऱڴᒵᑇଖΖ

। 1-2 լٵ८᥆᠆৫ऱ࿛ழڴᒵΔڇ TCD ऱᚵٽ೴഑ᒤ໮ΰB-V ऱᒤ໮αΖ

˭ʳ ˜ˁᒵࢤᚵٽʳ ˜˜ˁԲڻႈᚵٽʳ ˜˜˜ˁԲڻႈᚵٽʳ ˜˩ˁᒵࢤᚵٽʳ 0.0001~0.02 < -0.1 -0.1~0.2 0.2~0.7 0.7~1.1

0.03 < -0.1 -0.1~0.2 0.2~0.7 0.7~0.75 & 0.9~1.1 0.05 < -0.1 -0.1~0.25 0.2~0.7 0.7~0.75 & 0.9~1.1 Z=0.03ፖ 0.05 ڇ B-V=0.7~0.9 ڶડದॺᒵࢤΔਚآ๯ආ࠷࣍ᒵࢤᚵٽխΔױߠቹ 3

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ቹ 1-1 ८᥆᠆৫ Z=0.02 ऱ CMD ࿛ழڴᒵᒤࠏΖ

દᒵ੡ CMD խऱ࿛ழڴᒵΔ႕ۥ೴഑੡׌ݧ൅᠏ᠦរאՀऱ׌ݧਣ೴഑Ζڇ CMD խ

᠏ᠦរۯᆜ။൷२ቹऱؐՂֱΔڣ᤿။ڣ᎘ΖطՂۖՀ࿛ழڴᒵط່ڣ᎘հ log(age)=6.60 ΰኔᒵαၲࡨΔ7.0ΰរဠᒵαΕ8.0ΰ९ဠᒵαΕ9.0ΰኔᒵαΕ10.30ΰរဠᒵαΖ

(8)

ቹ 1-2 լٵ८᥆᠆৫ऱ CMD ࿛ழڴᒵΖ

८᥆᠆৫։ܑ੡ Z=0.0001ΰؐՂαΕ0.0004ΰխՂαΕ0.001ΰ׳ՂαΕ0.004ΰؐխαΕ0.008 ΰխαΕ0.019ΰ׳խαΕ0.02ΰؐՀαΕ0.03ΰխՀαΕ0.05ΰ׳ՀαΖદᒵ੡ CMD խऱ࿛

ழڴᒵΔ႕ۥ೴഑੡׌ݧ൅᠏ᠦរאՀऱ׌ݧਣ೴഑Ζڇ CMD խ᠏ᠦរۯᆜ။൷२ቹ ऱؐՂֱΔڣ᤿။ڣ᎘Ζ࿛ழڴᒵط່ڣ᎘հ log(age)=6.60 ၲࡨΔࠉݧۖ੡ 6.70Ε6.80Ξ 10.26Ε10.28Ε10.30ΰ٥ 51 ଡၴሶαΖ

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ቹ 1-3 լٵ८᥆᠆৫ CMD խհሿ᤿׌ݧ൅Ζ

८᥆᠆৫طؐ۟׳։ܑ੡ Z=0.0001ΰኔᒵαΕ0.0004ΰរဠᒵαΕ0.001ΰ९ဠᒵαΕ0.004 ΰኔᒵαΕ0.008ΰរဠᒵαΕ0.019ΰ९ဠᒵαΕ0.02ΰኔᒵαΕ0.03ΰរဠᒵαΕ0.05ΰ९ဠ ᒵαΖ႕ۥ೴഑੡ޢଡ८᥆᠆৫ऱ᠏ᠦរאՀհ׌ݧਣ೴഑Ζ

(10)

ቹ 1-4 լٵ८᥆᠆৫ᑓীऱ TCD ׌ݧ൅ᑇଖᚵٽΖ

႕ۥរז।ط CMD ᠏ᠦរאՀᗴᙇנऱ׌ݧਣΖڇ TCD ऱۯᆜΔદᒵਢᚵٽ႕ۥរ TCDۯᆜऱ࿨࣠ΔطՂۖՀ੡ Z= Z=0.0001Ε0.0004Ε0.001Ε0.004Ε0.008Ε0.019Ε0.02Ε 0.03Ε0.05ΖZ=0.03 ፖ 0.05 ڇ B-V=0.7~0.9 ڶડದॺᒵࢤΔڂڼڇᚵٽऱழଢڶᝩၲڼ

೴഑Ζ

รԲີඖ૪ڶᣂਗᙇٽᔞऱงཋਣቸᑌءऱֱऄፖයٙΔ٥ڶնଡงཋਣቸ ฤٽࢬᏁၞ۩։࣫ፖ๠෻ΙءີՈಘᓵ࿛ழڴᒵፖ८᥆᠆৫ऱઌᣂࢤΖรԿີঞ ඖ૪ᇷறڕ۶ၞ۩દ֏Ε௣٠ֱ૿ऱ๠෻ΔࠀಘᓵF0V-K3V୚شOBਣદ֏Ε

௣٠ऱൣݮΖ່৵ڇร؄ີܧ෼նଡงཋਣቸOBਣຝ։ፖG6V-K3Vᆖመદ֏Ε

௣٠ଥإ৵ऱ࿨࣠ΔࠀףאᎅࣔΕಘᓵଥإհ൓؈Ζ

數據

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