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(SM) B4 L10 Butterflies and Elephants Class: _______ No: _______ Name: _______________

1 Paragraph 1 [lines 1-8]

1. despite / in spite of vs. though / although

1 Despite my acute anxiety, I decided to take on the challenge…. [line 7]

→Though ______________________________________________________, …. 2 List other words (emotions/feelings) that the adjective “acute” can describe.

_____________________________________________________________________

○3 儘管練習好幾天,他還是沒能贏得比賽。

Despite __________________________________________________________________ Though __________________________________________________________________

Paragraphs 2-3 [lines 10-27]

1. Little did the audience know that as I stood there looking at them, seemingly at ease,

my heart was actually in my mouth. Then, I decided that this must not be true at all— surely, they could hear the hammering of my heart.

1 Rewrite the inverted sentence to make it a natural order one. (還原倒裝句)

________________________________________________________________________

2 What does the pronoun “this” refer to here?

________________________________________________________________________

2. Why did the narrator mention two animals, “butterflies” and “elephants,” here?

3. List the words/phrases that can describe one’s nervousness in the two paragraphs.

4. Translation: 長遠來看,你所有的努力都會有回報。 [line 26]

__________________________________________________________________________

Paragraphs 4-5 [lines 28-39]

1. Just thirty seconds into my three-minute speech, the microphone died. [line 28]

○1 What happened to the microphone?

○2 Why did the author use the word “die?”

Paragraphs 6-7 [lines 40-44]

1. neither vs. nor vs. either vs. neither A nor B vs. either A or B

○1 "Do you prefer pork or beef?" "I don't like _________."

○2 _________ one of us is interested in gardening, so you can stop talking now.

○3 They speak _________ French _________ German, but a strange mixture of the two.

○4 I was not interested in golf, _________ would I want to learn its rules. ○5 If she doesn't agree to the plan, _________ will Tom.

○6 "Would you like the metal or plastic one?" "_________ will do."

Notes 請自行整理這幾個字的用法筆記(詞性、語意、用法)。 neither: nor: either: neither A nor B: either A or B:

2. Compare the different meanings/usages of the word “still” in the following sentences.

1 Time seemed to stand still. [line 38] 2 I stilled my trembling limbs. [line 43]

3 Our knowledge of black holes is still very limited. [B4 L11 line 57]

Paragraphs 8-9 [lines 45-57]

1. I no longer saw people bobbing their heads, but sitting fascinated. [line 226] Which “but” carries the same meaning as this one?

1 She's not only a painter but a writer.

2 Our purpose is not to do it for you but to teach you to do it by yourself. 3 Eventually, all but one of them promised to come to his birthday party. 2. Find the two “withs” that carry the same meaning.

1 I was paralyzed with horror and humiliation. [line 35]

2 With the crowd quieting down, a growing sense of confidence began to … [line 24]

3 The large room even vibrated with applause. [line 56]

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(SM) B4 L10 Butterflies and Elephants Class: _______ No: _______ Name: _______________

2 Paragraphs 10-11 [lines 58-69]

1. Within me _________ a young woman once tested—a young woman bolder than her fear. (A) existed (B) was existed (C) to exist (D) existing

○1 What’s the structure of the sentence?

○2 Behind the window ____ a man at a small desk. (A) sit (B) sitting (C) sat ○3 In the recesses of the river _____ a beautiful river. (A) lies (B) lying (C) lied

2. ○1 雖然她表面上看起來很親切,但她實際上是個很機車的人。 [line 59] ________________________________________________________________________ ○2 當我一想到這個決定的後果,強烈的恐懼感籠罩著我(席捲而來)。[line 66] ________________________________________________________________________ Collocation Practice ○1 a _____________ of misfortune 一次不幸 ○3 a _____________ of delight 喜悅感

○2 a _____________ of elephants 一群大象 ○4 the _____________ of my heart 心跳聲

Extra Reading Conquering Stage Fright

Public speaking is said to be the biggest fear reported by many American adults, topping flying, financial ruin, sickness, and even death.

You may have heard the joke that some people would prefer to be in their own coffins than give a eulogy at a funeral. While this may be an exaggeration, many would agree.

Most of us feel a degree of nervous apprehension when preparing to speak up or perform in front of a group. But those who are filled with feelings of dread and panic in such a situation—or anywhere the person might be center of attention—may be suffering from a form of social anxiety disorder (also known as social phobia).

The fear of public speaking or performance, often called stage fright, exacts a huge toll on self-confidence and self-esteem and causes some people to leave school or a job or pass up a promotion. Many, including seasoned professional performers, suffer in silent terror. And because they feel embarrassed, people try to keep their fear a secret, even from a spouse or other close family members or friends.

It is recommended that you learn skills to reduce and manage your fear and anxiety and not resort to using medication or natural products alone. It’s also critical to learn cognitive-behavioral methods to stop the cycle of avoiding fearful situations. Avoidance may give you

immediate relief, but it reinforces your fear in the long run.

Some people also choose medication or natural remedies to help reduce their symptoms of performance anxiety. Talk with your physician to find the most appropriate treatment for you.

If you are willing stop avoiding your fears and learn new skills to reduce and manage them, you will develop an empowering belief and trust in yourself. In facing your fear, it becomes possible to overcome performance anxiety and find comfort and ease in expressing yourself in front of others.

Try these 10 tips to reduce your stage fright:

1. Shift the focus from yourself and your fear to your true purpose—contributing something of value to your audience.

2. Stop scaring yourself with thoughts about what might go wrong. Instead, focus your attention on thoughts and images that are calming and reassuring.

3. Refuse to think thoughts that create self-doubt and low confidence.

4. Practice ways to calm and relax your mind and body, such as deep breathing, relaxation exercises, yoga, and meditation.

5. Exercise, eat well, and practice other healthful lifestyle habits. Try to limit caffeine, sugar, and alcohol as much as possible.

6. Visualize your success: Always focus on your strength and ability to handle challenging situations.

7. Prepare your material in advance and read it aloud to hear your voice.

8. Make connections with your audience: Smile and greet people, thinking of them as friends rather than enemies.

9. Stand or sit in a self-assured, confident posture. Remain warm and open and make eye contact.

10. Give up trying to be perfect and know that it is OK to make mistakes. Be natural, be yourself.

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