[Notes: Students should study Information folders (1), (2) and (3) in order to complete this set of worksheets.]

23  Download (0)

Full text

(1)

[Notes: Students should study Information folders (1), (2) and (3) in order to complete this set of worksheets.]

(2)

1. Look at the news headline above, do you know that Hong Kong is one of the best city in the world for people to travel around? Give a rating and write down your impression on the quality of public transportation services in Hong Kong below.

a) Overall, I am satisfied with the public transportation services in Hong Kong

Level of satisfaction (Please circle)

(Max) (Min)

b) Other comments on the quality of public transportation services in Hong Kong

Table 1

Hong Kong named ‘best city in the world for commuters

Public transportation gets top marks in survey but cycling and air quality still a problem.”

(Source: South China Morning Post [Date: 2 April 2014]

http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1463043/hong-kong-best- city-world-commuters)

1 2

3 4

5

(3)

2. a) What transport mode(s)1 do you use in your daily commuting between your home and your school? Tick in the box(es) below:

Transport mode(s) being used in your daily commuting

1. Walking

2. Cycling / Bicycles

3. Mass Transit Railway / MTR (including the Light Rail)

4. Tramways

5. Funicular railways (e.g. The Peak Tram) 6. Moving pavements and escalators (e.g. The

Central-Mid-Levels Escalators)

7. Buses

8. Public light buses

9. Taxis

10. Private cars

11. Motorcycles

12. Ferries

13. Others, please specify ________________________ Table 2

1 “Transport modes” refer to the transport means that used to achieve the mobility of people and goods. (Reference: Rodrigue, Jean-Paul (2017). The Geography of Transport Systems (4th Ed.). New York: Routledge.)

According to a survey of urban mobility systems in 84 major cities in the world in 2014, Hong Kong’s urban mobility system is the most advanced one and public transport is the major mean of commuting there.

(Source: South China Morning Post [Date: 2 April 2014]

http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1463043/hong-kong-best- city-world-commuters)

Besides, Hong Kong’s public transport system is one of the most efficient, frequent and safe public transport systems around the world.

In fact…

(4)

b) According to your answer in 2a) above, how many type(s) of transport mode(s) do you use in your daily commuting between your home and your school? Do they/ Does it belong(s) to public or private transport?

c) Evaluate the reasons for your “modal choice” in 2a) above. List them in the box below.

(5)

Key words of transport geography in this part:

 Urban mobility

 Commuting

 Public transport

 Private transport

 Transport mode

 Modal choice

(6)

1. In transport geography, there are two major types of transport patterns—

“personal travel” and “freight transport” (i.e. transportation of goods and cargoes).

Do your daily commuting trips between your home and school belong to

“personal travel” or “freight transport”?

2. a) Classify all transport modes in Table 2 of Part (A) into 5 major types of transport modes in Column 1 of Table 3 below:

b) On the Internet, find a photo for each of the 5 transport modes in Hong Kong. Print the photos and paste them in Column 2 of Table 3. Give a caption to each photo.

c) In Columns 3 and 4 of Table 3, tick whether the transport modes are for personal travel / freight transport / both in Hong Kong.

Major transport modes in transport geography:

 Road transport

 Rail transport

 Water transport

 Air transport

 Pipelines

(7)

Major transport mode in Hong Kong

A photo of the transport mode (with a caption)

For personal

travel 

For freight transport

(a) Road transport, e.g.

 

(b) Rail transport, e.g.

 

(c) Water transport, e.g.

 

(d) Air transport, e.g.

 

(e) Pipelines, e.g.

 

Table 3

(8)

3. Refer to Figure 1, which shows the daily public transport patronage in Hong Kong from 2000-2015.

Figure 1 Daily public transport patronage in Hong Kong (Source: Research Office, Legislative Council Secretariat

http://www.legco.gov.hk/research-publications/english/1617issh06-public-transp ort-20161028-e.pdf)

a) Describe the changing trend of daily patronage of different types of public transport modes in Hong Kong from 2000 to 2015.

(9)

b) Discuss the possible reasons leading to the changing trend in Question 3a) above.

4. As shown in Figure 1 above, rail transport is now the backbone of Hong Kong’s transport system. Refer to “Information Folder (1)—The development of rail transport in Hong Kong [1888-2018]”, study the development of rail transport in Hong Kong in the past 130 years and finish the following tasks.

a) Follow the instructions in the folder, help Andy and Maggie to complete the tasks in the folder (i.e. P. 10, 12 and 13 of the folder).

b) With the information in the folder and the definitions of major components of a transport system in Figure 2 below, describe the spatial pattern of nodes, linkages and networks of the rail transport in Hong Kong.

(10)

Figure 2 Major components of a transport system

c) With reference to Question 4b) above, find out one area in Hong Kong where there is no MTR services at present but future expansion of rail network to this area is needed. Give reasons to support your choice.

5. As mentioned in Information Folder (1) about the development of rail transport in Hong Kong, the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong High Speed Rail (Hong Kong Section) is one of the major rail transport development projects in Hong Kong in recent years.

Major components of a transport system—Node, route and network

In transport geography, a transport system may comprise a system of nodes, routes and networks.

 A route is a single link between two nodes (locations). Some routes are tangible (e.g. roads, highways and railway lines) but some are less tangible (e.g. sea corridors and air transport routes).

 A framework of routes within a system of nodes forms a “network”.

(Reference: Rodrigue, Jean-Paul (2017). The Geography of Transport Systems (4th Ed.). New York: Routledge)

(11)

a) Study “Information Folder (2)—High Speed Railway as a Transport Innovation”.

b) Search on the Internet other relevant information about the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong High Speed Rail.

c) As a student studying transport geography, state with justifications in the box below whether you support the development of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong High Speed Rail (Hong Kong Section) or not.

(12)

Extended Activities on other Transport Modes & Networks:

(1) Project Study:

After studying the development of rail transport in Hong Kong, a class of students may be divided into several groups and each group may conduct a project study on the development of another type of transport mode (road transport / water transport / air transport) in Hong Kong. After research and data collection from various sources (including primary and secondary data), present your group’s project with a PowerPoint file. Before the project study, you may study the suggested references below (especially the video programmes in items 4-5) in order to get some background information on the transport development of Hong Kong.

Suggested References:

1. 陳志華、李青儀、盧柊泠、黃曉鳳(2012)《香港海上交通 170 年》,香港:

中華書局(香港)有限公司。

2. 陳志華、李健信(2015 增訂版)《香港巴士 90 年》,香港:中華書局(香港)

有限公司。

3. 王緝憲(2019)《世界級樞紐—香港的對外交通》,香港:商務印書館(香港) 有限公司。

4. DVD videos developed by the Education Bureau—“地理科學與教錄像節目:

香港的航空運輸與物流 / Learning and Teaching Video Programmes for Geography: Air Transport and Logistics in Hong Kong (2013)” (Bilingual)

5. DVD videos developed by the Education Bureau—“地理科學與教錄像節目:可 持續 發展 城市 的運 輸發 展、規 劃 與管理 -香港及其鄰近地區的個案 / Learning and Teaching Video Programmes for Geography:

Transport Development, Planning and Management for Sustainable Cities – The case of Hong Kong and its nearby region (2019)” (Bilingual)

(13)

6. Website of the Transport Department (http://www.td.gov.hk/en/home/index.html)

Suggested Field Visits:

1. Hong Kong Maritime Museum

(http://www.hkmaritimemuseum.org/) 2. Aviation Discovery Centre

(http://www.hongkongairport.com/en/relax-fun/entertainment-eve nts/aviation-discovery-centre)

Key words of transport geography in this part:

 Transport pattern

 Personal travel

 Freight transport

 Transport modes

 Unimodal transport

 Multimodal transport

 Transport system

 Node

 Linkage

 Network

(14)

Study the information in the “Information Folder (3)—“Modal Competition” and the Case Study on Passenger Trips between Hong Kong and Guangzhou” and then complete the following tasks.

1. John, Peter, Mary and Ann are all S5 geography students. They have planned to visit Guangzhou in their Christmas holiday. Study the following information and maps in the notebook computer of John (i.e. “Guangzhou Trip” below).

---

Guangzhou Trip

Figure 3 A sketch map showing the major tourist attractions and transport hubs in Guangzhou

Lian Hua Shan City centre of

Guangzhou

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

Guangzhou East / Guangzhoudong Railway Station

Guangzhou South / Guangzhounan Railway Station

Chime Long (Guangzhou)

 Chimelong Paradise, Guangzhou

 Chimelong Safari Park

 Chimelong Water Park

 Chimelong International Circus

 Chimelong Birds Park Canton Tower

(15)

Figure 4 A map showing the major routes of Guangzhou Metro (2018)

(Note: The most updated and enlarged map of Guangzhou Metro can be downloaded from the official website of Guangzhou Metro: http://cs.gzmtr.com/ckfw/)

Refer to Figure 5 for this part

(16)

Figure 5 A map showing a part of the Guangzhou Metro (2018)

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

Guangzhoudong Railway Station

City centre of Guangzhou

Canton Tower

Chime Long (Guangzhou) Guangzhounan

Railway Station

(17)

Figure 6 Canton Tower Figure 7 Zhujiang New Town

Figure 8 Commercial land use in the city centre of Guangzhou

--- Website of Canton Tower:

http://www.cantontower.com/#page1

Website of Chime Long (Guangzhou):

http://int.chimelong.com/GZ

(18)

2. a) Based on the itineraries of the four students below, the information in Part (C)1 above and Information Folder (3), help them to select the most efficient transport mode(s) for their Guangzhou trips. Complete Table 4 and give reasons for the suggested modal choices.

b) Share your suggestions with your classmates and discuss any variations on modal choices.

Itinerary of John & Peter:

Day 1: Visit Chimelong Safari Park Day 2: Visit Chimelong Birds Park

“We love animals and birds, so we’ll visit two theme parks of Chime Long (Guangzhou). Both of us live on Hong Kong Island. We can pay more for safe,

comfortable and faster trips.”

Itinerary of Mary & Ann:

Day 1: Go shopping at the city centre of Guangzhou Day 2: Visit Zhujiang New Town & Canton Tower

“We love shopping and we live in Shatin and Sheung Shui respectively. We hope to spend less on transport and accommodation, so that we can have more money for shopping.”

(19)

Suggested transport mode(s)

Reasons

For John &

Peter:

For Mary &

Ann:

Table 4 Suggested transport modes for passenger trips from Hong Kong to Guangzhou

c) Study the information in c)i) and ii) below, then answer Question c)iii).

i) Newly planned expansion of the Guangzhou Metro:

Details of the 3rd phase of expansion of the rail transport in Guangzhou (2017-2023) have been announced in 2017. It includes two new lines (Line 18 & Line 22) of the Guangzhou Metro which aim at improving the linkages among locations like Guangzhounan (Guangzhou South) Railway Station, Guangzhoudong (Guangzhou East) Railway Station and Nansha.

Study the following information, Figure 9 and Figure 10 below:

(20)

Further Expansion of the Guangzhou Metro—

Line 18 & Line 22

The government of Guangzhou announced the detailed plan of the 3rd phase of expansion of the rail transport (2017-2023) in the city in March 2017. The plan includes the construction of 10 more new lines for the Guangzhou Metro network. After the completion of this phase of expansion in 2023, the linkages among various transport hubs in Guangzhou, including Guangzhou Railway Station, Guangzhoudong Railway Station, Guangzhounan Railway Station, Guangzhoubei (Guangzhou North) Railway Station and Nansha, will be greatly improved.

Among the 10 new lines, Line 18 and Line 22 (Figure 9) are relatively more important as both of them provide more efficient links among the new development areas of Nansha, Guangzhoudong Railway Station and Guangzhounan Railway Station. Different from the current Guangzhou Metro lines, intercity express trains with speeds reaching 160 km/h will be used in these two lines and they will become the fastest metro lines in Guangzhou (about 50% faster than the current lines) in 2020.

References:

1. 文匯快訊—〈廣州 2200 億新建 10 地鐵線 連通珠三角〉(22-3-2017)

http://news.wenweipo.com/2017 /03/22/IN1703220030.htm

2. 國家發展改革委關於廣州市城市 軌道交通第三期建設規劃(2017 -2023 年)的批覆 (15-3-2017)

http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/gzdt/201703/

t20170323_841838.html

(21)

Figure 9 The planned routes and some selected major stations of Line 18 ( on the map) and Line 22 ( on the map) of the Guangzhou Metro

Figure 10 A photo showing the Xiancun Station of Line 18 (Guangzhou Metro) under

construction. Xiancun is located at the city centre of Guangzhou, near the Zhujiang New Town.

(22)

ii) Proposed extension of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong High Speed Rail to the city centre of Guangzhou:

In November 2018, the Guangzhou Government announced that there was a proposed plan to extend the Mainland Section of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong High Speed Rail from the Guangzhounan Railway Station (terminal) to the city centre of Guangzhou (Guangzhou Railway Station and Guangzhoudong Railway Station). For details, please study the following news on the Internet:

iii) If Line 18 and Line 22 (Guangzhou Metro) were constructed and/or the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong High Speed Rail had been extended to the city centre of Guangzhou, would you suggest the same transport mode(s) for the four students in Question 2b) above (i.e. Table 4)? What are your reasons behind?

廣深港高鐵將進廣州市中心 廣州擬設對外十大戰略通道 (文匯快訊 -2018 年 11 月 10 日)

http://news.wenweipo.com/2018/11/10/IN1811100019.htm

(23)

Key words of transport geography in this part:

 Transport modes

 Modal choice

 Modal competition

 Modal shift

Figure

Updating...

References

Related subjects :