英语( 衔接三年级起点 )

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It’s fun!

It’s easy!

九年级

义务教育教科书

九年级(衔接三年级起点)

English 英语 义务教育教科书

( 衔接三年级起点 )

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[ 中 国 ] 河 北 教 育 出 版 社

[ 加拿大 ] DC 加拿大国际交流中心 合作编写

English 英语 义务教育教科书

( 衔接三年级起点 )

九年级

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致 同 学

亲爱的同学们,转眼就是义务教育阶段最后一学年了,欢迎大家继续使 用这套《英语》教材!

本册《英语》教材供九年级使用。

九年级教材不再分上册和下册,而是合为了一本,供同学们全学年使 用。全书共十个单元,后面两个单元不再安排新的语法项目,对新词汇的数 量也进行了控制,以便同学们能更有效地复习。

本学年我们将徜徉在文学的殿堂,体验和欣赏一些诗歌、寓言、电影与 戏剧等文学作品。我们还将学习关于安全和救护的生活常识,探讨健康的生 活方式。你们知道如何在生活中运用沟通技巧、得体地进行社会交往吗?这 也许是渐渐长大的你们将不断面临的困惑和问题,本册内容将给予你们更多 的思索和启迪。另外,语言与文化密不可分,学习语言就要学习语言所依存 的文化。因此,在交流中要时刻保持文化意识。我们将专门介绍一些世界各 地的文化特点,帮助同学们开阔视野,了解更多东西方文化的异同。

在初中阶段的最后一段时光中,我们要更多地参与、交流,并经常反思

和总结。相信自己,只要不断付出就会有所收获。祝大家学习之旅愉快!

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Units Functions Grammar

Unit 1 (P1~16) Stay Healthy

Seeing a Doctor

Talking about Health Modal Verbs: should, need

Unit 2 (P17~32) Great People

Talking about Great People and Their Lives

Adverbial Clause with “before”,

“after”, “as”

Attributive Clause with “who”,

“that”

Unit 3 (P33~48)

Safety Reminding and Warning Imperatives Unit 4 (P49~64)

Stories and Poems Enjoying Literature Past Continuous Tense Modal Verb: must Unit 5 (P65~80)

Look into Science Talking about Science Attributive Clause Unit 6 (P81~96)

Movies and Theatre Talking about Entertainment Object Complements Passive Voice

Unit 7 (P97~112) Work for Peace

Talking about Disputes and

Settlements Conjunctions: and, but, or, so Unit 8 (P113~128)

Culture Shapes Us

Talking about Cultural Differences

Adverbial Clause with “though”

or “although”

Unit 9 (P129~144) Communication

Talking about Interpersonal Communication

Unit 10 (P145~160) Get Ready for the Future

Talking about the Future and Giving Wishes

Vocabulary (P161~176)

Structures and Expressions (P177~181) Irregular Verbs (P182~183)

Grammar (P184~188)

Contents

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Lessons 37 ~ 42

Work for Peace

Functions

Talking about Disputes and Settlements

Grammar

Conjunctions: and, but, or, so

Structures

I tried calling you, but your phone was out of service.

We are all friends, so we try hard to understand each other.

It helps the situation, but sometimes it is not successful.

Did you ever have a fight with a good friend?

UNIT 7

We Will Learn

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Lesson 37: Don’t Fight!

• Have you ever missed a big event like a basketball game, a concert or a movie? Why did you miss it?

• When there is a dispute, how do you deal with it?

THINK ABOUT

IT

After a basketball game, Danny, Jenny and Brian are talking happily.

Brian: That was quite a victory, Danny! The other team was strong, but you beat them.

Danny: Thanks, Brian. It’s fun to win, but I just love to play. Everyone played so well!

Jenny: By the way, where was Steven today? Is there anything wrong with him?

(Danny is just about to say

something when he sees Steven running towards them carrying a basketball.) Steven: Danny! Why didn’t you tell

me the game time was changed?

Danny: I did! I sent you an e-mail.

Steven: Well, my computer broke down the day before yesterday and it’s still being repaired. Why didn’t you call me?

Danny: I tried calling you, but your phone was out of service. I sent you a text message.

Steven: I didn’t check my messages!

We live close to each other, so why didn’t you come over and knock at my door! You knew how important the game was to me!

Now I’ve missed it!

Danny: Well, I was too busy all day, and I am NOT your secretary!

Steven: What?!

(Steven throws his ball on the ground.

It bounces and hits Danny’s head.) Danny: Ouch! Are you crazy?

(Danny almost hits Steven, but Brian and Jenny jump in to separate them.) Jenny: Don’t fight, you two! You are

good friends, not enemies. You should behave like gentlemen. Let’s talk!

I have nothing to say to a wild man!

Me neither!

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Let’s Do It!

Read the lesson and answer the questions.

1

The words in italics are from this lesson. Tick the correct answers to complete the sentences.

2

1. He is a gentleman. He is always ________.

polite rude

2. The cards of ________ colours are mixed together. Can you separate them?

same different

3. This TV ________. We need someone to repair it.

worked well broke down

4. Li Ling leaves you a message. This means she wants to ________.

tell you something meet you at once 5. He beat me at chess. I ________.

lost won

6. I’m very ________ because I missed lunch.

hungry full Listen to Jack’s diary and complete it.

3

Dear Diary,

I felt bad today. I had a ________ with my friend Tom. Our baseball team ________ the other team, and everyone was happy. But Tom missed the game because he did not get my ________. He was mad at me. I tried to explain, but he wouldn’t listen. He almost ________ me. I became ________, too. We haven’t talked to each other since our fight. I am not happy at all.

1. Did Steven come to the basketball game?

2. How did Danny try to reach Steven?

3. Why did Danny get so angry with Steven?

Have you ever had a serious dispute with a friend? What happened? Talk about it with your partner.

4

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Lesson 38: Making School a Better Place

• Is there a student council in your school? What does it do?

• Who do you think can work towards peace? Can you do it too?

THINK ABOUT

IT

My name is Danielle. I’m in Grade 9 this year, and I’m president of the student council at my school. Most junior high schools in Canada have a student council. Members of the councils are chosen by students.

Student councils work to make schools better places to learn. In the council, we share our ideas, interests and concerns with teachers and others. Sometimes, we plan school-wide activities. In December, we decided to raise

I think we should all work for peace.

Each of us can make a difference.

money for an organization that provides food for poor people in our city. How did we get the money? We organized a special basketball game in the school gym.

Lots of students and their parents came to watch. We sold tickets and, in the end, we made about $300.

During student council meetings, we have to work together, but it’s not always easy for us to reach an agreement. The students are from many different cultures.

We have different religions, wear different clothes or speak different languages at home. Sometimes there are serious disputes. Anyway, we are all friends, so we try hard to understand each other.

I think we should work together towards peace in our schools and in the world.

We need to learn about different countries and make friends with people from other cultures.

A student council is a group of students that shares ideas, interests and concerns with teachers and school principals. It raises funds for school- wide activities, including social events, community projects and school reforms.

Dig In

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Let’s Do It!

Read the lesson and write true (T) or false (F).

1

1. Danielle is president of the student council at her school. ( ) 2. The teacher chooses students as members of the student council. ( ) 3. The purpose of student councils is to make schools better places to learn. ( ) 4. It is easy for everyone in the student council to agree with each other. ( ) Make sentences with “provide… for” using the given information.

2

1. this organization/food/poor people

→ This organization provides food for poor people.

2. the hotel/a shoe-cleaning service/guests

→ ___________________________________________________

3. the rich land/enough food/the people

→ ___________________________________________________

Work in groups of three to complete this activity. Student A writes the first part, Student B writes the second part, and Student C combines the two parts with a conjunction (and, but, or, so).

4

Example:

Student A We are friends.

Student B Sometimes we have disputes.

Student C We are friends, but sometimes we have disputes.

Fill in the blanks with “and”, “but”, “or” or “so”.

3

1. The Spring Festival is usually in January ________ February.

2. I have two new classmates. One is Sandra ________ the other is Mary.

3. She doesn’t like the colour, ________ she likes the style.

4. Go right now, ________ I will punish you!

5. We have Mother’s Day and Father’s Day here, ________ no Children’s Day.

6. A tablet has no keyboard ________ mouse, ________ it is easy to carry.

7. The bud will open up ________ turn into a flower.

8. I have no brothers ________ sisters.

A conjunction is a part of speech that connects two words, phrases, clauses or sentences. Look for more sentences using “and”, “but”,

“or” or “so”. Can you find some rules?

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Lesson 39: Having Good Relationships in Your Community

THINK ABOUT

IT • What should you do to get along with the people around you?

• How should you communicate with people who are doing things you don’t like or understand?

To work towards a peaceful life, you should always try to develop good relationships with the people around you. Be kind and help those in need. Do this not only for family and friends, but also for the people who live in your neighbourhood.

People in your community might have different ways of living and thinking.

This doesn’t mean that they’re wrong and you’re right. If everyone had the same ideas, the world would be a boring place.

Today, in many cities, people usually lock their doors after work and don’t see their neighbours much. Social interactions are often limited to a “Hi!” on the street. However, there may be times when someone does something that upsets you. If this happens, discuss the matter in a friendly way. This allows you to express your ideas without damaging your relationship. Avoid arguments, especially ones that judge the nature of the person rather than the actions. For example, your neighbours are playing loud music while you try to fall asleep.

Should you politely suggest they lower the volume? Or should you angrily shout at them? The first option is clearly better. By calmly examining any problems, you create a relationship of mutual respect and understanding. After all, good neighbours are better than distant relatives.

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Read the lesson and tick the things that help develop good relationships in your community.

1

Let’s Do It!

Circle the correct prepositions to complete the sentences.

2

Offer help to those in need.

Respect your neighbours and be kind to them.

If your neighbours have different ways of living, tell them they are wrong.

If your neighbours do something that upsets you, discuss the matter in a friendly way.

If your neighbours play loud music, force them to turn it off immediately.

1. He is always ready to help those (in/with) need.

2. We wish to develop a long-term business relationship (with/for) you.

3. I have to limit my talk (of/to) 20 minutes.

4. As a matter of fact, most disputes can be solved (in/to) a friendly way.

5. One of the best ways (on/of) learning a foreign language is to use it in practice.

There is one mistake in each sentence. Can you find and correct it?

3

1. The task wasn’t as bored as I first thought.

_____________________________________________________________

2. I left the day away without do anything at all.

_____________________________________________________________

3. His parents won’t allow him staying out late.

_____________________________________________________________

4. He put the animals — dogs, cats, birds and snakes on the ship and lock the door.

_____________________________________________________________

5. There are time when my neighbour asks me to look after her pet dog.

_____________________________________________________________

Work in pairs. Suppose you are asked to give some tips about working towards peace in the community. Please list 3 to 5 “Do’s and Don’ts” for people in your community.

4

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Lesson 40: The UN — The Power of Words

• Words or war which do you think is more powerful?

• Do you know there is an international organization which tries to prevent war? What is its name?

THINK ABOUT

IT

In the early twentieth century, people suffered through many wars. When World War II was over, an organization called the United Nations (the UN) was formed to help countries talk about their problems instead of fighting. That was in 1945.

Today there are 193 member states in the UN. The headquarters of the UN is in New York City. The head of the UN, chosen by all the member states, is called the Secretary-General. The UN Security Council has fifteen members, five of which are permanent members — China, France, Russia, the U.K. and the U.S.

Many times since 1945, the UN has sent armies to keep peace between two fighting countries. It helps the situation, but sometimes it is not successful.

It is not always easy for the members to reach an agreement. Just imagine how difficult it is to satisfy all 193 members! However, the UN is still the best way for the world to solve its problems. Let’s hope that the great idea they had in 1945 to prevent war will last forever.

Words — even angry words — are always better than war!

Besides the Security Council, there are other important parts of the UN. For example, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency. One of its jobs is to protect important cultural sites. It has recognized many famous places in China. Can you name some of these places?

Dig In

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What do you know about the UN? Read the lesson and fill in the mind map.

1

Let’s Do It!

situation agreement satisfy Secretary-General

A SPEECH ABOUT PREVENTING WAR

PROJECT

We all love peace and hate war. War brings suffering to people.

How can we put an end to war? Imagine you are representing China at the United Nations. Make a speech about how the United Nations should work to prevent war.

Present your speech to a small group of classmates and listen to their speeches. Talk about your speeches in groups. Ask each other questions about your opinions and other information you learned.

the Secretary-General

to keep peace between two fighting countries

the UN

Here is a speech that was given at a UN meeting. Read the speech and fill in the blanks with the words in the box.

2

Mr. ________, my fellow delegates, ladies and gentlemen,

It is a great honour for me to stand here and speak to you all. We know this is no ordinary time for our people. Each of us comes here with our own problems. Sometimes we cannot reach an ________. Sometimes the ________ is very serious. And most of the time, we cannot ________

everyone. But it is not impossible! We should work together to make the world a better place to live. More peace, less war!

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• What do you do when your friends misunderstand you?

• When you get into a fight with a friend, which of you usually says sorry first?

Lesson 41: Jenny’s Good Advice

THINK ABOUT

IT

Danny and Steven haven’t talked to each other for a few days. Will they ever be friends again?

Jenny: I’m glad you agreed to come to my house. Would either of you like a cookie?

Steven: Yes, please! You make great cookies, Jenny.

Danny: I agree.

Jenny: Thank you. I’m glad you can agree on something.

Jenny: What do you have to say about that, Danny?

Danny: Some of our teammates had to go to the Old Age Home and help the elders that morning. Everyone else agreed on the new time. I tried to let Steven know.

Steven: But I didn’t see the message!

Jenny: Steven, I think Danny really tried to reach you.

Danny: (Danny looks at Steven.) Well, next time, I guess I will go to you directly. I’m sorry you missed the game.

Steven: Well, I didn’t check my

messages carefully. And I am sorry I hit you with the basketball. I didn’t mean to do it, Danny.

(Slowly, a smile comes across Danny’s face. Then they both begin to laugh.) Jenny: It’s good to see you are friends

again. After all, it’s just a game!

Danny: And it’s only my head!

Danny and Steven eat their cookies in silence. They won’t look at each other, and neither of them wants to talk.

Jenny: Now, do you two want to keep silent forever? Do you really want to stop being friends?

Steven: (He looks down at the floor.) When everyone agrees on a time, it shouldn’t be changed.

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Let’s Do It!

1 Listen to the dialogue and answer the questions.

1

1. Is Danny free on Saturday afternoon?

2. Who else does Jenny invite?

3. Why does Jenny invite them?

mean to agree on keep silent after all

1 Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the phrases in the box.

2

Danny and Steven didn’t talk to each other for a few days. That Saturday, they both went to Jenny’s house, but they all ____________ at first. Jenny encouraged them to talk about the problem. Steven complained that Danny shouldn’t change the time they ____________. Danny explained the situation.

He felt sorry that Steven missed the game. Steven said sorry to Danny because his basketball hit Danny on the head. But he didn’t ____________ do it. It was an accident. The two boys became friends again. ____________, friends are more important than a game.

1 Work in groups of three. Pretend there is a dispute between two

friends. Can you think of something to say to keep them from fighting?

3

Dispute: Ben and Tim planned to go to the movie theatre together this Saturday.

Tim arrived at the theatre on time, but Ben didn’t show up the whole evening.

Ben thought their plan was for Sunday. Now, Tim is upset and he hasn’t spoken to Ben for a week.

Your advice:

• __________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

• __________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

• __________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

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• What is the meaning of “peacemaker”?

• Do you know any sayings about friendship? What are they?

Lesson 42: Peace at Last

THINK ABOUT

IT

Dear Danny,

I am happy that you and Steven are friends again. Remember the old saying:

A good friendship makes life happier!

I have had similar experiences. Sometimes friends don’t agree with each other. But if we can sit down and talk about the problems together, many of them can be solved. We all want peace rather than fighting.

Jenny is a good peacemaker. We need more peacemakers in the world.

Li Ming Dear Li Ming,

Did you ever have a fight with a good friend? It is a really bad feeling if friends don’t talk to each other for a couple of days. That’s how I felt last week.

You see, I had a big fight with Steven. He and I play on the same basketball team. Our last game was moved to an earlier time, but Steven didn’t get my message, so of course he missed the game. He was angry. He threw his basketball, and it hit me. Steven and I were ready to beat each other!

Thanks to Jenny, everything is OK now. We held a meeting yesterday. We had a good talk and solved our problems. We said sorry to each other.

I’m happy we are friends again. Friendship is important, and we should not fight over such a small matter.

I have to go now — Steven is knocking at my door. Talk to you soon.

Danny

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Read the lesson and write true (T) or false (F).

1

Let’s Do It!

1. Danny was feeling bad last week. ( ) 2. Li Ming had a fight with Steven. ( ) 3. Many problems can be solved if friends talk about them. ( ) Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the phrases in the box.

2

hold a meeting thanks to rather than knock at

1. ____________ the kind-hearted couple, the homeless boy has a new family.

2. Tom! Go and see who is ____________ the door.

3. We ____________ to answer all questions yesterday.

4. I would like to ride a bicycle ____________ drive a car.

Choose the correct answers.

3

Read the following proverbs about friendship. Translate them into Chinese and discuss some of them with your friends.

4

A friend in need is a friend indeed.

A good friend is like a mirror.

Tell me about your friends, and I’ll tell you who you are.

A true friend reaches for your hand and touches your heart.

The friends of our friends are our friends.

Group A:

1. When two dogs ________ a bone, a third one takes the bone and carries it away.

2. All countries should work together to ________ global warming.

3. I don’t want to ________ my cousin because she’s my best friend.

A. fight with B. fight against C. fight over Group B:

1. This is the time we all ________. You cannot change it.

2. I usually ________ you, but this time I disagree.

3. We all ________ help her, but we don’t know what to do.

A. agree with B. agree to C. agree on

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Unit Review

Building Your Vocabulary

Grammar in Use

I. Complete the sentences with the correct words. The first letter is given.

1. Look out for spelling mistakes when you c________ your homework.

2. A s________ is a kind of animal that has no legs to move.

3. With a lot of practice, we finally b________ that strong team.

4. The children were s________ into groups for the game.

5. When you leave the house, make sure to l________ the door.

II. Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the phrases in the box.

1. Yesterday I called you, but your phone was ____________.

2. The final examination is coming. All the students are busy ____________ it.

3. It’s very kind of him to ____________ food ____________ the poor.

4. After a long discussion, we finally ____________.

5. She sat alone ____________ for a long time.

out of service provide… for in silence prepare for reach an agreement

Join the clauses using “and”, “but”, “or” or “so”.

Listening and Speaking

Listen to the dialogue and complete it. Then act it out.

A: Hi! I’m a journalist from China Daily. Can I interview your band?

He can understand French, I fell off my bike

I know her face, Hurry up,

Do you want to play the game That man never tells the truth, June had a bad headache,

will you just watch?

she stayed in bed.

we will be late for school.

nobody likes to talk with him.

I can’t remember her name.

he can’t speak it.

hurt my knees.

but and

or so

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Putting It All Together

Read the passage and answer the questions.

Get Together and Talk Things Over!

Sometimes even best friends have fights. They disagree with each other and begin to argue. Sometimes they even stop talking to each other. If they are really good friends, though, they will try to fix things up. There are usually two sides to every story, so it is helpful if you can get someone else to listen to both sides.

Maybe you have a good friend who knows both of you. You can ask him or her to have a meeting with you and listen to what each of you has to say. The main thing is for the two of you to get together and talk things over.

When you get together, try not to be angry. Listen to what your friend has to say. Then tell your point of view. You might be surprised. Sometimes all it takes is talking together to work things out. After all, a disagreement is just that. You might even forget the whole thing. You might even make friends with your old friend all over again!

A. Discussion is always a good way to solve disagreements.

B. How do you solve those problems?

C. Do you always agree with each other?

D. Do you sometimes argue?

1. Why do best friends have fights and begin to argue?

2. Who should you find to listen to both sides?

3. What are some key things to keep in mind when you get together to talk things over?

B: No problem.

A: Your band has wonderful musicians. _______________________

B: Not always. Sometimes we have different ideas.

A: _______________________

B: We sit and talk.

A: _______________________

B: Yes. Sometimes we argue with each other. Once, I didn’t talk to Sam for three days after a fight. When we cooled down, we discussed the problem.

A: _______________________

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The army gathered — they prepared to fight.

Out of war, please let there come peace.

They held their guns, smoke hid the light.

Out of war, please let there come peace.

The soldiers stood beside each other.

They must obey, do as they’re told.

Battle rages — no heroes.

Out of war, please let there come peace.

The leaders hold so many meetings.

After war, please let there be peace.

We hope they agree to do something.

After war, please let there be peace.

They talk together, then make a speech.

The war must end, they all agree.

Put the guns down — no heroes.

After war, please let there be peace.

Self-Evaluation

Find more examples from the unit. Then mark your stars.

I. Talking about Disputes and Settlements

We are all friends, so we try hard to understand each other.

______________________________

______________________________

I can talk about disputes and settlements in English.

II. Conjunctions: and, but, or, so I’m in Grade 9 this year, and I’m president of the student council at my school.

______________________________

______________________________

I can use “and”, “but”, “or” and “so”

properly.

Please Let There Be Peace

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Lessons 43 ~ 48

Culture Shapes Us

Functions

Talking about Cultural Differences

Grammar

Adverbial Clause with “though” or “although”

Structures

Although sayings are usually simple and easy to remember, they are full of deep meaning.

Human beings share similar hopes and fears.

Though I have lived here for a long time, I still don’t feel Canadian.

I think understanding cultural differences really helps us to understand each other, live together and work together.

UNIT 8

We Will Learn

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Lesson 43: A Visit to Chinatown

• What do you usually do to prepare for the Spring Festival?

• What Western festivals are celebrated in China?

THINK ABOUT

IT

It’s Saturday evening. Li Ming, Jenny and Brian are chatting online.

Jenny: Hi Li Ming! Guess what we did today!

Li Ming: I have no idea. Did you go shopping? I know Christmas is coming.

Brian: You are smart. But did you know that we went shopping in Chinatown?

Li Ming: Really? Did you have a good time?

Brian: Yes. We bought a big Christmas tree, some decorations and gifts.

I really enjoyed the lunch we had there. I had a bowl of noodles, and I used chopsticks and a spoon instead of a fork and a knife.

Jenny: My parents love to have lunch and shop there, although parking is a problem. My dad had to park his car in the underground parking lot.

Li Ming: Do they speak Chinese there?

Brian: In the stores and restaurants, people spoke English to me, but many of them speak Chinese to each other. And there were red lanterns everywhere.

Jenny: Danny and I watched a wonderful dragon dancing performance during the Spring Festival last year.

Li Ming: That’s interesting. I hope we have a North American town here.

Brian: Then you can celebrate

Christmas and get gifts from Santa Claus.

Li Ming: I love Santa Claus. Do you believe it’s Santa Claus who brings you gifts, Brian?

Brian: Of course not. Only little kids believe that. But we do have lots of fun.

Jenny: What do you usually do during the Spring Festival, Li Ming?

Li Ming: There are so many special things about the Spring Festival.

Young children usually get gifts — lucky money. We eat dumplings and many other delicious foods. We have temple fairs and all kinds of performances. It’s the most important festival in China.

Brian: I hope I can go to Chinatown again to see the Spring Festival.

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Let’s Do It!

Read the lesson and write true (T) or false (F).

1

1. Jenny and Brian went shopping in Chinatown. ( ) 2. Jenny and her parents live in Chinatown. ( ) 3. There’s a North American town in China. ( ) 4. Some Chinese people eat dumplings during the Spring Festival. ( ) What utensils do you usually use? Look at the pictures and fill in the blanks.

2

When you eat noodles, you usually use ____________.

When you eat steak, you usually use ____________.

When you eat porridge, you usually use ____________.

When you drink milk, you usually use ____________.

When you drink tea, you usually use ____________.

cup ______

______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______

THE SPRING FESTIVAL AND CHRISTMAS

How do Chinese people celebrate the Spring Festival? How do Western

PROJECT

people celebrate Christmas? Read the following facts and use them to fill in the circles. Think about what facts can go in the middle. What else do you know about these holidays?

• make dumplings • buy new clothes • clean up the house

• give lucky money to children • hang red lanterns • sing Christmas songs

• visit relatives and friends • go to a temple fair • decorate a Christmas tree

• buy some Christmas gifts • attend a family get-together

The Spring Festival Christmas

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Lesson 44: Popular Sayings

• Do you know any English or Chinese sayings? What are they?

• Do you use sayings in your daily life? Give an example.

THINK ABOUT

IT

Seeing is believing.

Where there is a will, there is a way.

An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

Have you ever heard these old sayings? Sayings are an important part of the language and culture of every society. Although sayings are usually simple and easy to remember, they are full of deep meaning. They come from the experience of generations of people, and from different walks of life. Take a look at these sayings:

Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.

A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.

Well begun is half done.

Don’t be penny wise and pound foolish.

Actions speak louder than words.

Many hands make light work.

These sayings help people understand the world and form good habits, or encourage people to work hard and as a team. Whether the sayings are in Chinese, English, or any other language, they share something in common.

Do you know the English for the Chinese saying “ai wu ji wu”? That’s

“Love me, love my dog”. And “Every dog has his day” is similar to the Chinese saying “shi nian he dong, shi nian he xi”. Although Chinese sayings use images of animals or things other than dogs, the meanings are almost the same. Human beings share similar hopes and fears.

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Let’s Do It!

Read the Chinese sayings below and find the matching English expressions from the lesson.

1

Fill in the blanks using the sayings from the lesson.

2

1. Seeing is believing. We warmly welcome you to visit our factory.

2. ______________________________. It is very important to make a good start.

3. Cleaning the room will not take long if we all help. You know, ______________________________.

4. ______________________________. We should do more and speak less.

5. Although you failed the exam, you shouldn’t give up. Remember ______________________________.

Work in pairs. Discuss the meanings of the following sayings. Can you find the matching Chinese sayings? Then make sentences with the sayings you have learned.

3

When in Rome, do as the Romans do.

First come, first served.

It is never too late to mend.

No pain, no gain.

爱屋及乌。

眼见为实。

十年河东,十年河西。

行动重于言辞。

千里之行,始于足下。

众人拾柴火焰高。

不要小事聪明,大事糊涂。

有志者事竟成。

Love me, love my dog.

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Lesson 45: Different Manners

THINK ABOUT

IT • In your opinion, what are good manners?

• Do you think cultures shape manners?

My name is Wu Zhou. I have lived in Canada for twenty-three years. In Canada, I call myself Joe Wu.

Joe is an English name that sounds like Zhou.

Though I have lived here for a long time, I still don’t feel Canadian. This is probably because North American manners and Chinese manners are so different.

In China, being modest is a virtue. If someone praises you and says that your English is excellent, you should be modest and say, “No, no. My English is still poor.” But in North America, this is usually a sign of being weak and not confident. You should just say, “Thank you.”

I have many good friends in Canada, though Canadian culture is different from Chinese culture.

In Canada, people only ask children about their age. It’s not polite to ask an adult’s age. They think it is private. But this is common in many places in China.

In both China and North America, it is polite to offer an elderly person a seat on the bus. In North America, however, an elderly person may feel embarrassed about being offered a seat.

When Chinese people eat out in restaurants, they may take turns paying for the meal. In Canada, however, people often share the cost of a meal.

In China, if your guests have no food on their plates, it’s polite to put food on their plates. In Canada, you pass food to guests, but you don’t usually put food on their plates.

In China, people seldom give extra money to waiters, waitresses, taxi drivers or hotel workers. In North America, this is always done. It is called “tipping”.

It’s interesting to experience two different cultures. I think understanding cultural differences really helps us to understand each other, live together and work together.

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Read the lesson and match the behaviours with the correct countries.

1

Let’s Do It!

Match and complete the sentences.

2

Fill in the blanks with the words or phrases in the box.

3

pay for praise take turns modest private

1. We should ________ little Debbie for her courage.

2. It’s a long way. We can ________ driving.

3. They asked him to ________ the damage, but he refused.

4. Don’t talk about other people’s ________ things. It’s not polite.

5. Jack is a ________ man who is admired by many people.

What cultural differences, besides the ones already discussed, have you noticed between China and English-speaking countries?

Share your ideas with your classmates.

4

asking an adult’s age

putting food on a guest’s plate

giving a tip to waiters and hotel workers Canada

China sharing the cost of a meal in a restaurant

Although people have different cultures and customs,

Brian hasn’t been to China,

Though Liu Feng has many friends in America,

He has been at the new school for only a few days,

but he has already made many friends there.

he still feels lonely.

but he knows a lot about our country.

they have the same feelings.

Note that we should not use “although/though” and “but” together in

the same sentence.

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Lesson 46: Home to Many Cultures

• Why are there different cultures in one country?

• What are some of the cultural differences between different people and places in China?

THINK ABOUT

IT

Canada is home to many cultures. Three percent of all Canadians are First Nations people. The people of the First Nations were there before other people came to North America.

Now more than half of Canadians have British or French blood.

The rest are from every part of

the world: Asia, Africa, Central In Canada, people from many cultures live together.

America, South America, Australia and other European countries.

Canada became a country in 1867, and for more than a hundred years, most immigrants in the country were from Europe. In the 1970s and 1980s, that changed. According to a survey, the number of European immigrants dropped from 90 percent to 25 percent, and the number of Asian immigrants rose from 3 percent to 48 percent.

Although Canada has two official languages — English and French, most Canadians do not speak both. Many immigrants speak two languages — the language of their first country and English or French. Canada welcomes cultural differences in the people who live there.

So what is a Canadian? That’s a little hard to describe. Canada does not have one culture — it has many. It is important that people from different cultures can live together in one country.

Is there a Canadian food? Not really. Is there a Canadian religion? No. Is there a Canadian kind of music? No again. Is there a Canadian way of understanding the world? Yes. It’s that people should respect and accept one another and help one another. It’s important to keep different languages, religions and customs alive.

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Read the lesson and answer the questions.

1

Let’s Do It!

Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the given words.

2

1. He came back from ________ (Canada) three years ago, but he keeps in touch with his ________ (Canada) friends.

2. If you could travel to only one ________ (Europe) country, which one would you choose?

3. He wonders what this means for the future of ________ (Asia) markets.

4. Understanding cultural ________ (difference) is very important for companies involved in international business.

5. I’d like to take you to our city’s ________ (centre) park.

1. What percent of Canadians are from the First Nations?

2. What languages do most immigrants to Canada speak?

3. Why are there many cultures in Canada?

4. What’s the Canadian way of understanding the world?

Make sentences using the given information.

3

1. the number of websites/22 in 2009/315 in 2013/the report (rise from… to, according to)

The number of websites rose from 22 in 2009 to 315 in 2013, according to the report.

2. the price of it/$25 a kilogram in 2003/$250 this year/the research (rise from… to, according to)

____________________________________________________________

3. David’s weight/150 pounds last month/120 pounds this month/his doctor (drop from… to, according to)

____________________________________________________________

Work in groups. List some traditional

Chinese customs. Try to find the similarities and differences between Chinese and other cultures.

4

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• How do you usually treat a guest in your home?

• How are you treated when you visit your friend’s house?

Lesson 47: Good Manners

THINK ABOUT

IT

Mr. Manners,

I’m a student visiting Russia. I’m going to stay for three months. One of my classmates invited me to stay overnight at her house. It will be my first time visiting a Russian house. What should I do to be a polite guest?

Dong Fang

Dear Dong Fang,

Here are some small suggestions for you.

Bring a small gift, such as sweets or flowers.

Follow the rules of your host’s home.

Do what your host asks you to do.

Don’t be noisy, especially at bedtime.

Offer to help prepare the dinner.

Write a thank-you note after your visit.

Visiting a local family is a great way to experience another culture. Remember to be yourself and have fun.

Mr. Manners Mr. Manners,

I’m a Grade 9 student. My Australian pen pal is coming to Beijing next week. I invited him for dinner at my home, and he accepted. What should I do to make him feel welcome? How can I be a good host?

Li Ming

Dear Li Ming,

A good host always tries to make guests feel welcome. Here are some tips for you.

Tidy up your house before your guest arrives.

Open the door for your guest and hang up his coat. It will make him feel welcome.

Offer your guest something to drink or eat like tea, fruit and snacks.

Don’t ask your guest to go to the kitchen and serve himself! Serve your guest at the table.

Make him feel at home. Talk to your guest. That’s why you invited him.

Don’t turn on the television. It’s OK in China, but it’s considered rude in Western cultures.

Mr. Manners

(31)

Let’s Do It!

1 Read the lesson and fill in the table.

1

1 Circle the correct words to complete the sentences.

2

Mr. Manner’s tips for Li Ming Mr. Manner’s tips for Dong Fang

1. I said sorry for being too (noisy/noise).

2. The book I read was written in (Russian/Russia).

3. Please (tidy up/divide up) your closet. It’s a mess.

4. Big lights (hung/hanged) from the ceiling. They looked beautiful.

1 Imagine you visited a Canadian friend’s house yesterday. Write a short letter to your host.

3

1 Listen and sing along.

4

We welcome you to our home.

You are all our guests.

We’d like to offer you some dinner, Then a bed to rest.

You may find that our home is different from yours.

Would you like something to eat or drink? Would you like some more?

We try to keep our culture.

We don’t find it strange.

I would like to learn about your ways, So we can be friends.

So We Can Be Friends Task tips:

You can thank him for the kind things he did for you. You can also mention some of the cultural differences you experienced in his home.

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• How do you react when you receive a gift you don’t like?

• When your family visits another, what do you usually take as a gift?

Lesson 48: Supper with the Bradshaws

THINK ABOUT

IT

Dear Danny,

How are you these days? Are you ready for Christmas?

My Australian pen pal, Bruce, and his father, came to visit me the day before yesterday. Last night, my parents invited them to our home for dinner. At the end of the meal, Mr. Bradshaw opened a box of cookies he had brought from home. He then passed the box to everyone. We each took a cookie and ate it.

The cookie tasted like chalk to me! But in good Chinese tradition, I told Mr.

Bradshaw that I enjoyed it.

At the airport today, Mr. Bradshaw gave me a big box of the same cookies as a gift. I don’t know what we’ll do with them.

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year!

Li Ming

Hi Li Ming,

I am so busy with Christmas these days.

I couldn’t help but laugh when I read your e-mail. I can imagine your reaction when you received the cookies. Maybe you can send them to me. I love all kinds of cookies. But I think you were polite to react that way. I love Chinese culture.

I wish everyone here, especially Debbie, could learn some Chinese manners.

Debbie dreams of being a police officer. She once said that she hoped to have a toy gun as a Christmas gift, so I bought one for her. But when I gave it to her, she said she wanted a doll! She changes her mind so quickly!

Though I was a little hurt, I still enjoyed Christmas very much. We had a lot of fun. We are planning another trip to Chinatown during the Spring Festival. I love festivals.

Danny

(33)

Lesson 48: Supper with the Bradshaws

Read the lesson and write true (T) or false (F).

1

Let’s Do It!

1. Li Ming liked Mr. Bradshaw’s cookies. ( )

2. Li Ming accepted Mr. Bradshaw’s gift although he didn’t like it. ( ) 3. Debbie liked the toy gun that Danny gave her as a Christmas gift. ( ) 4. Danny is planning another trip to Chinatown. ( ) Complete the passage with the correct forms of the words in the box.

2

officer gun praise catch react

There was a robbery yesterday afternoon. Two men rushed into the City Bank with ________ in their hands. All the people were scared except a smart clerk.

She ________ quickly and pushed the alarm immediately. Soon the robbers ________ by the police ________. Luckily, there was no loss or injuries. This clerk ________ by the mayor.

Let’s do a quick quiz!

3

You know about Santa Claus, don’t you? He’s that man in red clothes.

He has a long, white beard. He wears black boots. He says, “Ho! Ho! Ho!”

He and Christmas go together. Over the years, the stories about Santa Claus have grown. He has an address, a special type of transportation and a special way to get into children’s houses. Do you know what they are? Let’s do a quiz!

1. Where does Santa Claus live?

2. Santa rides in a sleigh. What animals pull his sleigh?

3. Children believe that Santa visits them on Christmas Eve. How does he get into their houses?

1. It is said that Santa Claus lives at the North Pole.

2. Reindeer pull Santa’s sleigh. 3. Santa comes down the chimney. When he leaves, he goes up the chimney

.

(34)

Unit Review

Building Your Vocabulary

Grammar in Use

Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the words in the box.

1. ________ cannot be owned or carried in many countries.

2. Though personal letters are ________, some parents open their children’s letters.

3. In some public places, there are ________ against making any noise.

4. The mother ________ her kid for ________ the table after the meal.

5. ________ can make tools, but animals can’t.

6. The teacher drew a horse on the blackboard with ________.

7. The branches of the trees along the river ________ down and touched the water.

Combine the sentences with “though” or “although”.

1. It’s late. The teacher is still working in his office.

2. It’s blowing hard. They will go out to repair the street lamps.

3. He didn’t know the poor old man. He bought lunch for him.

4. He made a serious mistake. His parents finally forgave him.

5. Bill is dead. He will be remembered by his friends.

human gun private tidy chalk hang rule praise

Listening and Speaking

I. Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks.

1. In Western countries, people usually have ________ names.

2. Brian James Smith is Brian’s ________ name.

3. In Western countries, people talk about their “________”, “________” and

“________” names.

4. In Western countries, people usually call a person’s ________ name.

(35)

II. Imagine that a Canadian friend comes to visit your house. What should you do to make him or her feel comfortable? Make up a dialogue with your partner and act it out.

Putting It All Together

Read the passage and follow the instructions.

Table Manners

What are some good manners in your hometown? What else do you know about table manners? Write about it.

Example:

• In my hometown, it’s polite to serve food to our guests.

• It’s rude to put your elbows on the table in my city.

• Talking when you have food in your mouth is really rude.

• It’s not polite to use a toothpick at the table.

All societies have customs about how to eat politely. In English, we call these customs “table manners”. Based on culture and location, table manners can be quite different from place to place. It’s very interesting! Here are some examples:

• In some cultures, it’s polite to serve food to guests, while in other cultures,

people don’t do this because it makes the guests feel like they are being forced to eat.

• In most East Asian countries, people use chopsticks at the table. In Western countries, people usually eat with a knife and a fork. Do you know that in some places people simply use their hands to eat? And in some places, only their right hand?

• In Russia, it’s polite to leave a bit of food on your plate to show the host that there was plenty to eat. But in India, finishing the food on your plate is considered polite. It means you enjoyed the food.

Throughout the world, you will find many different table manners and customs. So when you visit another place or another country, take the time to learn the local customs and manners. Remember, “When in Rome, do as the Romans do”.

(36)

I come from a foreign country.

I am so much different from you.

So if I make

A cultural mistake,

Would you please tell me what to do?

Where I come from, we shake hands in greeting, And ask, “How are you?”

We say “please” and “thank you”

During a meeting

And forgive a mistake or two.

What’s one of the special customs Your society likes to use?

Something you say To your friends each day That you could teach me, too? Self-Evaluation

Find more examples from this unit. Then mark your stars.

Where I Come From I. Talking about Cultural Differences

I think understanding cultural differences really helps us to understand each other, live together and work together.

______________________________

______________________________

I know how to express cultural differences in English.

II. Adverbial Clause with “though” or

“although”

Though I was a little hurt, I still enjoyed Christmas very much.

______________________________

______________________________

I can use “though” and “although”

properly.

(37)

Lessons 49 ~ 54

Communication

Functions

Talking about Interpersonal Communication

Structures

Friendship requires good communication.

Smiling can be a passport to good communication.

Somehow, he had to adapt to this new environment.

She realizes that talking about problems is better than keeping them as secrets.

UNIT 9

We Will Learn

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Lesson 49: Get Along with Others

• Do you have good relationships with the people in your life?

• What do you think is most important for a good friendship?

THINK ABOUT

IT

Ms. Liu: Hi class! We have an interesting topic for this unit. First, let me ask you a question: How do you get along with others in school or at home?

Li Ming: I think I’m doing well. I have many friends.

Wang Mei: I have many friends, too. We have a lot of fun together.

Ms. Liu: Do you always get along well with your friends?

Wang Mei: Well, not always… Sometimes friends have misunderstandings.

Sometimes a friend really hurts you without realizing it.

Li Ming: That’s true. Friendship requires good communication.

Ms. Liu: Very good point. If we can’t communicate well, we can hardly get along with our friends. It’s the same with family relationships.

Yang Hao: I guess that people who know how to communicate well with others are happier and more satisfied with their lives. They are more likely to succeed in their jobs.

Ms. Liu: Exactly! That’s why communication is very important. It’s always better to get things out in the open — talk about a problem, come to a solution or move on. Bad feelings like hate and anger can make you seriously ill. This week we’ll talk more about communication. Hopefully, we’ll all learn to get along better with each other!

(39)

Let’s Do It!

Read the lesson and match the people with their statements.

1

Rewrite the sentences below with the correct forms of the phrases from the lesson.

2

1. It took them more than an hour to solve the problem.

→ It took them more than an hour to ____________.

2. We had a wonderful time in the park.

→ We had ____________ in the park.

Change the following adjectives into adverbs and use them to complete the sentences.

3

1. Using the search engines, you can ________ find books in this library.

2. Here is a book on grammar. ________, it will help you with your study.

3. The old lady walked ________ slowly. It took her a long time to get there.

4. I’m sorry to hear that. Was she ________ hurt?

5. Jim must have copied Paul’s work because they made ________ the same mistakes.

easy ________ hopeful ________ exact ________

real ________ serious ________

Friendship requires good communication.

People who know how to communicate well with others are more likely to succeed in their jobs.

It’s always better to get things out in the open.

Sometimes friends have misunderstandings.

Work in groups. Share your ideas about communication. You can use “I think…”, “I guess…”, “That’s for sure!”, “That’s true!” or

“Good point!”.

4

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Lesson 50: Tips for Good Communication

• How do you communicate with a new friend?

• In your opinion, what are the best ways to communicate?

THINK ABOUT

IT

Do you have many friends? Do you have fun together? Do you feel

comfortable when talking to others? Have you ever found it hard to make new friends? Here are some tips for good interpersonal communication:

● Remember other people’s names. Make a great effort to do this when you first meet someone new. Then when you meet again, you will easily make that person feel comfortable if you remember his or her name. It shows you care.

● Smile. Make sure you smile and greet others in a friendly way, especially the first time you meet them. Smiling can be a passport to good communication.

● Find a proper topic. Talk about the weather, sports or news. You can also ask questions or tell jokes. The main thing is to find a topic you are both interested in.

● Be a good listener. Good listeners show others that they are interested in the conversation. People will be happy to talk to you if you are listening carefully. One simple way to show you are a good listener is to make eye contact.

● Be honest. Tell people the truth. No one wants to waste time talking to someone who is not honest.

● Keep your promises. Try not to be late. If you set a time to meet your friends, do your best to be on time. If you have to change your plan or cancel it, let your friends know ahead of time. People will trust those who always keep their promises.

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Let’s Do It!

Some people are talking about ways to communicate well. Listen to the interview and match the names with their suggestions.

1

Here are some tips for good communication. Group them into the baskets below.

2

1. If you want to ________ the meeting, you must inform us a week before.

2. She could not find a ________ solution to this problem.

3. Zhang Jian plans to go abroad but he needs to get a ________ first.

4. I can’t make a ________, but I’ll try my best.

promise cancel proper passport

Fill in the blanks with the words in the box.

3

Work in pairs. Think about your family and friends. What makes you happy in the way they communicate with others? Talk about it.

4

Jane Be aware of your body language.

Always keep a smile on your face.

Make eye contact.

Dan Chrissy

Julie Don’t interrupt others when they are talking.

Talk about the weather, sports or other news.

Find a proper

topic. Be a good

listener. Be honest. Keep your

promises.

A

Don’t tell lies.

F G Don’t interrupt others. H Try not to be late.

Tell an interesting story.

B Tell jokes.

D

Listen carefully.

C

Don’t break your promises.

E

(42)

Lesson 51: What Could Be Wrong?

• Have you had any problems with your friends?

• When you have a problem with a friend, what do you usually do?

THINK ABOUT

IT

Dear Lost Girl,

Many people have had the same experience as you.

Sometimes it’s pretty hard to tell what’s wrong in a friendship. Try writing to your friend or you can ask another friend for help. If neither of these things works, just leave your friend alone. She may need some time to cool down and think about the situation herself.

Dear Sue,

There is a problem between me and my good friend. We used to study and play together, but ever since last Friday, she hasn’t spoken to me. I considered all the things that could be wrong, but I still can’t figure out what the problem is. I tried to call her, but she didn’t answer. What should I do?

A Lost Girl

If you figure out what the problem is, think about it. Did you really hurt your friend? If yes, go directly to her and say sorry. Maybe it was just a big misunderstanding.

If your friend wants to end the friendship, there’s nothing you can do about it. Both of you can move on and find new friends. But even if you’re not friends anymore, you should still be friendly. Say hi to her when you pass her at school. Maybe one day she will realize what a good friend you are.

Sue

(43)

Let’s Do It!

Read the lesson and answer the questions.

1

Listen to the reply from the Lost Girl and fill in the blanks.

2

Dear Sue,

Thanks for your advice. I wrote my friend a letter and told her I wouldn’t want to lose her as a friend. I asked her what was wrong. She wrote back to me after she ________. There was a ________. I didn’t go home with her last Thursday as we had planned. She ________ me, but I missed the call.

I ________ it was all my fault. I went to her and said sorry. We are now friends again. I’m very happy.

The Lost Girl

1. What has happened to the Lost Girl?

2. What are Sue’s suggestions if a friend wants to end the friendship?

Read the lesson again and tick the advice Sue gave to the Lost Girl.

3

Say sorry if you hurt your friend.

Give your friend some time to cool down.

Clearly express how you feel.

Write to your friend and ask what’s wrong.

Talk to your friend directly as soon as possible.

You can still be friendly even if you are not friends anymore.

Be aware of your body language.

DOCTOR SUE SAYS

PROJECT

Work in groups. Write about a problem between two friends on a piece of paper. The problem should be short and clear.

• Collect all the paper in the class.

• Shuffle the paper.

• Each group draws a piece of paper.

Read the problem in your group and write some advice to that person.

Figure

Updating...

References

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