Approximately 1000 Taiwan highschoolstudents were selected as the participants of this study using cluster sampling. The population of highschoolstudents in Taiwan was clustered into three demographic areas: northern, central, and southern Taiwan. Eight schools were selected from the three areas. For each school, two to three classes were randomly selected to form the initial sub- ject pool, i.e. of about 900 students. However, if a subject had never used the Internet, their data were excluded from further statistic analyses. This left 753 subjects in the ﬁnal sample pool. The research data gathered from these students were used to explore their Internet attitudes, Internet dependence and some other related variables and the ﬁndings will be reported in a series of papers (e.g. Lin & Tsai, in press). The focus of this paper is to report on one aspect of this research, the development of the Internetattitudescale. Since there were more male students that had experi- ences of using the Internet, the ﬁnal sample was about 67.5% male. The evidence that more males than females used the Internet corresponds to Internet usage research conducted worldwide (e.g.
The introduction of networked computers has revolutionized the role of the teacher, from that of an “information dispenser” to that of a “coach,” from a “centralized authority” to a “decentralized facilitator,” and from a “sage on the stage” to a “guide at the side” (Chin & Hortin, 1993–94, p. 83). For example, the teacher can be a facilitator by using the wealth of online resources available to enrich activities, and by using the computer as a tool to enhance language learning and teaching. Clearly, teachers must invest a considerable amount of effort in creating tasks, monitoring progress, and developing a collaborative learning environment in order to ensure the most fruitful results. Because the teachers in this study believe that computers can be used as valuable resources to increase student motivation, foster independent learning, and improve vocabulary learning, they design online vocabulary activities to promote the vocabulary growth of English underachievers. The following Extract 1 is an example of how students feel about the teachers’ role in computer-assisted vocabulary teaching.
The purpose of this research is to explore the situation of academic stress, leisure participation ability, and leisure attitudefor junior highschoolstudents of Changhua County. This study is to be expected to be the reference material for academic or scholarly organizations which assists in developing and promoting leisure activities in the future. This paper also aims to awake the awareness of junior highschoolstudents to pay much attention to develop leisure activities. Through the power education, it will make junior highschoolstudents realize the importance of participating in leisure activities. The subjects of this research were the public Junior HighSchoolstudents in Changhua County. The questionnaire of this research was adopted a random sampling which had 410 effective samples and 395 effective return copies. The content of the questionnaire contained four parts, which was personal information, leisure activities, leisure participation and the measure of leisure attitude. This questionnaire was analyzed through descriptive statistics, t-test, and single variable ANOVA methods with the SPSS12.0 analytic software. The findings indicated that the main source of academic stress for these Junior HighSchoolstudents stems from their parents. Besides, the majority participate in doing leisure activities more than five times a week, and more than two hours every time. The items of leisure activities include entertainments (surfing the Internet and listening to music)and sports( riding a bicycle and playing ball games). It shows that these students’ attitudes are positive, and they are willing to participate in doing leisure activities.
How can Taiwan use the findings from the junior high and senior high GYTS to assist in developing their tobacco control program? In general, the main goal of a comprehensive tobacco control program is to improve the health of the population by encouraging smokers to quit, eliminating exposure to secondhand smoke, and encouraging people not to initiate tobacco use. Previous studies have shown that demand reduc- tion measures, primarily those that increase the price of tobacco, are effective in significantly reducing initi- ation of tobacco use and consumption among young people. 16 In addition to demand reduction measures, comprehensive tobacco control programs often include nonprice interventions such as restrictions on smoking in public places and workplaces, a complete ban on advertising and promotion by tobacco companies, dis- semination of information on the health consequences of smoking through various media such as prominent warning labels on cigarette packets and countermar- keting campaigns, and development and implemen- tation of school-based educational programs in combination with community-based activities. 16,17
By means of the execution of the plan, ?Enhancing Self-Efficacy & Learning How to Say No,? the targets to be achieved were as follows: 1. Making the junior highschoolstudents be able to resist the social pressure that lured them to smoke. 2.
Developing the junior highschoolstudents? confidence and autonomous ability, so that they didn?t have to try to escape reality by the self-hurting behaviors such as smoking. 3. Training the junior highschoolstudents? capabilities to deal with anxious circumstances, especially the ones that resulted from the living
the inquiry learning scale, the reﬂective thinking scale, the relevance scale, the ease of use scale, and the challenge scale. However, students of diﬀerent Internet experiences did not show signiﬁcant diﬀerences on the scale of the student negotiation. With a series of Scheﬀe tests (post hoc tests), it further indicated that students having a fair time of exposure to the Internet tended to have statically higher scores on the inquiry learning scale, the reﬂective thinking scale, the relevance scale, and the ease of use scale, despite that the students having the longest time of Internet usage did not show a signiﬁcant diﬀerence with those having an average or less time of using the In- ternet. 1 This result indicated that moderate users showed stronger preferences on certain scales (i.e., inquiry learning scale, the reﬂective thinking scale, the relevance scale, and the ease of use scale). Students having mild Internet experiences seemed to be more critical to the preferences of the Internet-based learning environments. A possible explanation of this outcome may come from the fact that students with maximum Internet experiences could facilitate and adjust their usages and naviga- tions through their rich computing skills, while students with minimum experience were far from being critical to the Internet-based learning environments due to the lack of related knowledge. In general, moderate users are considered the most likely target audiences for most instructional systems. Thus, it was meaningful to inves- tigate their preferences, and then to provide their perspectives for the Web system designers to construct more usable and favorable learning environments.
The purposes of this study are to explore the Parenting style, Internet using behaviors , Internet addiction, and related factors among highschoolstudents in Taiwan. The study exame the difference of Parenting style, Internet using behaviors, and Internet addiction of subjects; analyzes the background variables in the Parenting style, Internet using behavior, and Internet addiction on the students.
Moreover, this study develops the structural equation model of background variables, Parenting style, Internet using behaviors, and Internet addiction, which serves the purpose of illustrsting the linear strutural relationships among the relevant variables. This study used a questionnaire survey to 12 high schools in Taiwan, including 1,111 students to study, imposed by the "Internet Addiction Scale", "Internet Use Scale," "Father Style Scale ", and" Mather Style Scale " Descriptive statistics, t-test analysis of variance, the typical related, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression were applied for the data analysis, using SPSS 12.0, and the good-of-fit of structural modeling and the relationships between dominant variables and observing data were investigated, using AMOS 5.0 (Analysis of Moment Structure). The research results are that there were significantly differences in gender in Internet using behavior and Internet addiction. There were significantly differences in social status in information of the use of the Internet. There were significantly differences in parenting style in Internet using behavior and Internet addiction. The parenting style, Internet using behaviors and Internet addiction had a significant correlation. There were significant forecasting role in Internet using entertainment
This study also examined the correlation between the teachers’ teaching experiences and their preferences towards Internet-based learning environments. As shown in Table 8, teachers’ years of teaching had significantly positive relationship to their pref- erences on the ease of use scale (r = 0.27, p < 0.05) and the epistemological awareness scale (r = 0.44, p < 0.001) of the CILESI. Teachers with more teaching experience tended to show stronger preference towards ease of use learning environments where students’ epistemological awareness was also enhanced. Many studies have suggested that teachers’ teaching experience had some correlation with technological use; for instance, Yaghi’s (2001) study suggested that teachers with more years of teaching had a lower level of confidence in using computers. The present study seemed to propose that teachers having greater teaching experience tended to emphasize more the ease of use of the Internet-based learning environments, a somewhat similar finding to Yaghi’s (2001) study, as their lower confidence in using the technology might drive them to demand user-friendly Internet environments. However, research on the corre- lation between teachers’ teaching experiences and the epistemological aspect regard- ing Internet-related learning environments has not yet been fully investigated. This study showed an initial finding that teachers with more teaching experience empha- sized more the in-depth exploration of the nature of knowledge when students navi- gated in Internet-based learning environments.
The purpose of this study is to understand the internet-using behavior of senior highschoolstudents in Taichung city, Taiwan. And this research is also to explore their present status of Internet addiction, the related impact factors, and the correlation between personal characteristics, the internet-using behavior, psychological traits and Internet addiction. Accordingly, it is expected to provide practical information for the counselors to make use of. This study is carried out in overall 14 senior high schools in Taichung city, by sampling 2 classes for the first grade in every schools. There are 1210 students required to answer questionnaires. Among these, 1110 samples are effective for the analyses. The data collection schemes include personal characteristics, the internet-using behavior of senior-high-schoolstudents, Chinese Internet Addiction Scale, Gordon Personal Inventory, and so on.
allowing play on the Internet, and
modeling non-anxious behavior.
Besides instructional techniques, ﬁndings from this study deserve consideration when designing such training sessions. The follow-up interviews in this study indi- cated that teachers already recognize the beneﬁts of the Internet: the speed in ﬁnding and transferring information, an increase in teaching ﬂexibility, and an increase in students’ motivation to learn. However, teachers in this study also expressed, among other things, concerns over students’ abilities to evaluate the information they ﬁnd on the Internet, and to govern their own use-time in appropriate ways. Therefore, when teacher-training is planned and implemented, the concerns of teachers should be addressed, in addition to the particulars of hardware and applications. For example, those developing training sessions might help teachers to address questions such as:
To examine the measurement model of the three instruments, including Internet- specific epistemic beliefs, self-regulation, and online academic help seeking questionnaires, the present study conducted a series of CFA analyses. As the results show in Table 1, all of the factor loadings are greater than 0.05 and the t-values reveal significance at the 0.05 level, indicating sufficient convergent validity of the Internet-specific epistemic beliefs questionnaire. That is, the observed variables (items) were specified to relate to their posited latent variables (scales), including source of knowledge and justification for knowing. Moreover, the Cronbach alpha (a) coefficients for each scale were 0.79 and 0.92, respec- tively, showing acceptable internal consistency of this questionnaire. In addition, the several fitness indices of the measurement model (i.e., c 2 = 7.99 (n.s.), RMSEA = 0.01, GFI = 0.99, AGFI = 0.98, CFI = 0.99, NFI = 0.99, NNFI = 0.99) indicated a good model fit and also confirmed the structure of the Internet-specific epistemic beliefs questionnaire.
This study gathered 588 Taiwan highschoolstudents’ responses about their perceptions of the Internet. The highschoolstudents highlighted the views that the Internet was a technol- ogy and a tool. Further analyses revealed that the students in lower grades and female stu- dents tended to conceptualize that the Internet was mainly a technology. On the other hand, the students in higher grades or male students emphasized other pragmatic aspects of the In- ternet, such as using it for functional or pleasure purposes, for instance, using the Internet as a tool, a toy, or a method of guiding a tour.
1.3 Significance of the Study
In Taiwan, students study English to pass tests, not to communicate with people.
They have spent hours studying difficult grammar, but they seldom have chances to use English as a language. In the future, educators and EFL teachers should focus more on the use of English than the usage of English. Students are crammed into too much information, and what they need most is put their knowledge of English into a real-life scenario. Not like speaking, writing requires a thinking process before words are written. Their ways of expressing themselves may not be mature, but it represents a growing development. By writing more and more, they modify their writing pattern and wording or even gradually develop a unique story-telling style.
This studey has been performed by collection of questionnaire and statistical analysis? The High?School of the Changhua County are taken as the basis? It has randomly chosen 300 stuents as the target of study?
The data collected from the investigation?is examined by Independent Sample T. ?Analysis of One-Way ? ANOVA?and Person Related Test.
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literature review, Delphi survey, professional interview and sampling questionnaire survey. Through the structure equation modeling (SEM) with two-order confirmatory factor analysis, validity and reliability analysis, the model was tested with good fit, and the contents were certainly a second-order factor of health technology literacy, including first-order factors, that is, cognition, innovation propensity, health belief and knowledge sharing. And then, by using a survey method with cluster and stratified random sampling from 16 technological colleges in Taiwan, 3,600 questionnaires were sent out, and 3,012 effective questionnaires were returned; the survey reached 83.67% of return-ratio. The results indicated that the students’ literacy content of health technology consisted of cognition, innovation propensity, belief and knowledge sharing, according to the theories of planning behavior, social cognition, innovative diffusion, technology acceptance and health belief.
Some people, including athletes and fitness trainers, believe that postexercise stretching might help relieve pressure and soreness of the extremities involved. In fact, muscular activity has been suggested as the best treat- ment for the sensation of pain and stiffness after unaccus- tomed exercise. 2 However, when comparing students who did and did not perform stretching, we found that post- exercise stretching was significantly associated with an increased risk of ER. It is noteworthy that 1 of the students who repeatedly stretched the legs after the test (postexercise stretching) to reduce soreness later had mus- cle atrophy of the bilateral quadriceps. However, we cannot rule out muscle tightness or other sensations in students with impending ER that made them want to stretch, rather than stretching in and of itself, as a cause of ER.
Yet, the results of an anonymous Internet-based survey of 1454 teenagers (Juvonen & Gross, 2008) are inconsistent with the com- mon assumption that cyberbullies are usually anonymous, sug- gesting that teenagers are aware of cyberbullying behavior and know exactly who did what. Anonymity is one good cover in cyber- space, but it cannot be inferred that every cyberbully would use it at all or would use it successfully. It is also possible that teenagers simply transfer the bullying ﬁeld from the school bathroom or the school storage room to blogs and IMs and that teenagers do not tend to hide their identity, just as they typically do not wear masks when beating up a peer in a face-to-face confrontation. While cyberbullying accompanies traditional bullying, the victims might be able to guess the cyberbully’s identity. Interestingly, online materials quite obviously are more open to the public than are the bathrooms or the storage rooms in schools; but teen cyberbul- lies might not be aware of this fact. They do not expect that teach- ers, parents, or other adults would read their blog online or check their IM records, and most adults are indeed neither aware of such goings-on nor able to do anything about the matter if they are.
Only 38.3% of the students had no riding experience when they reached the minimum licensing age of 18 years.
Increasing transport need appears to be a principal factor for those students engaging in illegal riding. The public tran- sit systems in most of Taiwan’s districts are underdeveloped, meaning that motorcycles are a principal mode of transport in many areas. Senior highschoolstudents are usually involved in more extra-curriculum activities, such as part-time jobs, and have longer home-to-school trips than those of junior high stu- dents; therefore, the prevalence of unlicensed riding will not be easily reduced unless the transport needs of adolescents are met, especially during the weekends and as they get older. It is impor- tant to promote alternative modes of transport that meet young people’s needs, such as electric powered bicycles, rather than relying solely on penalty interventions.
The data showed that the 2004 Cicero debates on the resolution that the Taiwanese government should take effective measures to eradicate elite education at the highschool level and the 2005 debates on the resolution that senior high schools in Taiwan should abolish a dress code policy mostly adopted the superstructure of problem-solution-evaluation. This possibly is because in the 2004 tournament the key term “elite education” in the proposition had officially been defined as “star schools” and “gifted class,” and in the 2005 tournament the term “dress code” in the proposition was commonly agreed as referring to school uniform. Consequently debaters saw little need to spend time defining the proposition and justifying its definition but began the debate by arguing the undesirable state or the problem in the status quo. Although there was little ambiguity involved in the meaning of those debate resolutions, this does not mean that no background information was required, such as facts and views, which could help orient the judges and audience to the problem later introduced. In fact, the historical background or cultural underpinning of star schools or the school uniform could be introduced in the situation slot and later woven into a claim in the problem area.