109-1高三句型講義 (陳怡君師) - 高中教師教學檔案 - 英文科檔案下載 - 國立中科實驗高級中學教學單位網站

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SM B5 L2 The Earth’s Mysterious Neighbor

1. 凡是…的人

the person/anyone who 單 be/V 此句型描述一個常態或觀察到的普遍狀況,要特 別注意的是,動詞的單複數必須與主詞一致。

people/those who 複be/V

1. Anyone who respects others

will be respected, too. Those who respect others

2. God help those who help themselves. (諺)

*whoever 的兩種用法:名詞子句 vs. 副詞子句

whoever anyone who 例:Whoever breaks the rule will be punished.

no matter who 例:Whoever breaks the rule, he/she will be punished.

Exercise 挑出錯誤的地方並糾正。

1. Whoever still having questions can ask your teacher in private.

2. The teacher will give a special gift to whomever can answer this difficult question. 3. Mary cannot forgive and forget whoever have laughed at her.

2. 假設語氣:「若非;要不是有」+名詞 (現在事實相反) If it were not for N,

S would/should/could/might + be/V

But for/Without N, But that S+V,

例:If it were not for the moon, the earth would sway on its axis. =But that there is the moon, the earth would sway on its axis.

*假設語氣可用倒裝句 (三種狀況可倒裝:should/were/had p.p.)

現在相反:Were it not for the rain, we could go on a picnic now.

過去相反:Had it not been for your support, I couldn’t be a doctor now.

I couldn’t have entered medical school then.

Exercise

1. ( ) Had it not been for your support, our team _______ the game yesterday.

(A) would lose (B) could have lost (C) couldn’t win (D) couldn’t have lost 2. ( ) Birds are good friends for man. ______ them, the world would be overrun with insects.

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SM B5 L2 The Earth’s Mysterious Neighbor

Class: _________ Number: ______ Name: ________________

1. 根據交通法規,任何騎機車的人都必須戴安全帽。 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 要不是有這項規定,許多騎士在發生交通事故時會頭部受傷。 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 要不是有空氣和水,人類根本無法存活,更別說發展如此先進的文明。 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. 將這些東西視為理所當然的人們應該學著珍惜它們,並竭盡所能保護環境。 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. 要不是有字典,學生們就無法學習英文單字的正確用法。 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 6. 想要學好英文的人都應該善用字典,而不只是背單字的中文意思而已。 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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