教育的自治、分權與學校經營改革--日本案例評析及對我國之啟示

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πඒߛ۩ਙፖေᦸᖂעρ 2010 ڣ 7 ִΔร԰ཚΔ଄ 59-80

ġ

ఀىޟՌݽȃϷ᠌ᇄᏰਮငᕊ׽८˕ġ

РҏਰٽຟݙЅᄇר୽ϞంҰġ

ࣥሸཕʳ

ᄢġġौġ

ġ

ඒߛऱ۞एፖ։ᦞሎ೯ז।ऱਢڇऄ৳ऱঅᎽ֗඄ᦞՀิ៣ࢨᖲᣂհၴઌյᣂএऱ ᓳᖞࢨᖲ౨ऱ᠏ངΔՈਢए෻ᑓڤऱޏ᧢Ζء֮ڱڇտฯࠀေֲ࣫ءඒߛ۞एፖ։ ᦞऱ࿨ዌΕ२ཚऱ࿇୶ፖᖂீઌᣂᆖᛜޏ଀ऱֱூΖᆖطᎅࣔ ˄Εፖ۞ए։ᦞઌᣂհ ऄ๵Ι˅Εխ؇֗چֱΔچֱ֗ᖂீհၴႚอᣂএΙˆΕඒߛ۞एࡉ։ᦞऱ࿇୶ΙˇΕ ᖂீ۞ए։ᦞޏ଀ऱ೯ٻ࿛؄ႈؾΔտฯֲءऱඒߛ۞एፖ։ᦞ࿇୶ऱᄗउΔ່৵ ࠀאֲءூࠏΔ༼נڇ࿇୶ၸ੄Εऄ๵๵ᒤΕඒߛए෻ΕᖂீᦞԺ࿨ዌ֗᧭ᢞඒߛ ய࣠Ղױࠎݺഏ೶ەհඔقΖʳ ᣂ᝶ဲΚඒߛ։ᦞΔඒߛए෻Δᖂீᆖᛜ ____________________ ࣥሸཕΚֲءࣟࠇᖂᢌՕᖂՕᖂೃඒߛᖂઔߒઝඒߛֱऄᓵᝑஆ໑Փೃس ሽ՗ၡٙΚsatoru_lin.tw@yahoo.com.tw گֲٙཚΚ2010.01.18ΙଥޏֲཚΚ2010.03.01Ι൷࠹ֲཚΚ2010.06.30

ʳ

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Journal of Educational Administration and Evaluation July, 2010, Vol. 9 pp. 59-80

Autonomy, decentralization, and school

management reform in education: An analysis

of Japan case

Yung-Chih Lin

Abstract

Movements of autonomy and decentralization in education represented not only interrelationship adjustments and function changes of organizations, but also on changes of governance models. The main purpose of this article aims to introduce and analyze the structure of autonomy and decentralization in education, recent developments and related school management reform programs in Japan. Four projects were described: 1. related laws about education autonomy and decentralization; 2. traditional relationship between central - local government and local government-school; 3. developments on autonomy and decentralization; 4. trends of school autonomy and decentralization reforms, conditions of education autonomy and decentralization in Japan could be introduced in this article. Finally, based on Japan’s case, some aspects, like development stages, law stipulation, education governance, power structures in school and outcome checking would be issued as references for our country.

Keywords: decentralization, education governance, school management ____________________

Ching-Shan Wu: Graduated student of doctoral course/Division of study on educational methods, Tokyo Gakugei University, JAPAN

E-mail: satoru_lin.tw@yahoo.com.tw

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൦ȃᆱ፣ġ

ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ඒߛऱ׌᧯੡ԳΔڕ۶ᆖطඒߛऱኔਜඒᖄԳհ੡ԳΔאીࠡ౨ᔞᚨषᄎس੒Δ ګ༉೚੡ؑاऱԫٝ՗Δޓ੷ृ౨ಥ᣸ഏ୮ԯਢٺഏං۩ඒߛऱؾऱΖݺഏ۞ԶϤ ڣזאࠐΔᙟထਙए࿨ዌऱ᠏᧢ፖا׌֏ऱၞ୶Δڇඒߛֱ૿խ؇ႃᦞ֏෼ွດޡ ཛٻᠾᆙΔٍܛچֱא֗ᖂீᐋ్๯ᓿאࠃ೭ऱެࡳᦞૻΔڇ඄ᦞऱᒤ໮փױא۞ ׌ၞ۩ެࡳ࿛Ζ˄ˌˌˉ ڣط۩ਙೃඒߛޏ଀ᐉᤜࡡ୉ᄎ༼נऱඒߛޏ଀᜔ᘬᤜ໴ܫ஼ փΔ༼נԱψඒߛᠾᆙωհ৬ᤜΔڼ৬ᤜհڱೈԱڇᓰ࿓ֱ૿ᇞೈਝڶऱጥࠫհ؆Δ ٍڶૹิࡉᓳᖞඒߛ۩ਙᦞԺ࿨ዌհრΰ۩ਙೃඒߛޏ଀ᐉᤜࡡ୉ᄎΔ˄ˌˌˉαΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ྥۖΔݺഏඒߛഗءऄឈྥࡳᆠԳا੡ඒߛᦞհ׌᧯Δࠀ๵ᒤψඒߛհؾऱאഛ 塄Գا೜٤Գ௑Εا׌ై塄Εऄएᨠ࢚Ξω࿛౨ԺΔ੡ԱඒߛհኔਜΔඒߛ۩ਙء ᚨאԳاऱඒߛᦞ੡ءΔၞ۩ٺႈ܂੡ΖഄڇψᓴᖑڶඒߛᦞωՂΔᇠऄࡲڱૉլ ᆖ෡Ե։࣫Δԫ౳ඒߛऱ൷࠹ृΔՈ༉ਢ܂੡ඒߛᦞ׌᧯ऱԳاለᣄ෻ᇞඒߛᦞऱ ᖑڶኙࠡ۞ߪࢬז।ऱრᆠΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ڇ০ࠫࢨ৞ຨഏ୮Δඒߛᦞऱᖑڶृ෻ࢬᅝྥऱਢഏ୮ࢨ༳ᦞऱਙएቸ᧯Δࠡ ඒߛհኔਜਢאԫഏհܓ墿੡່ึؾऱΔഏا࠹ඒߛএ๯܂੡࿇୶ᇠഏऱՠࠠհ ԫΙۖՕຝٝا׌ীኪഏ୮Δط࣍ᖆऄڍת๵ࡳ׌ᦞڇاΔՈ༉ਢԳاࠆڶΕᖑڶ ץਔඒߛڇփऱ׌ᦞΔڂڼԳاऱඒߛᦞᄎለ࠹ࠩ༇ૹΔඒߛऱ׌ڱٍለೣٻ࣍࠰ ܗԫଡ᧯ݙګࠡݙᖞԳ௑נ࿇Δ٦ឩՕ۟ᕩፋڇٵԫषᄎΕഏ৫س੒ऱ٥ᢝΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ඒߛऱ۞एΰ˴̈̇̂́̂̀̌ʿʳ̆˸˿˹ˀ˺̂̉˸̅́˴́˶˸αፖ։ᦞΰ˷˸˶˸́̇̅˴˿˼̍˴̇˼̂́αኙ࣍ඒߛᦞऱ ኔਜࠐᎅΔࠠڶઌᅝՕऱਐᑑრᆠΖᖑڶඒߛᦞृ૞ڕ۶ຘመا׌षᄎՀזᤜࠫ৫ ऱᓿղΔڇՂ۞ਙࢌΕچֱΕא۟ᖂீᐋ్ऱਮዌխ౨༳༽ए෻ΰ˺̂̉˸̅́˴́˶˸αऱᦞ ԺΖඒߛ۞एፖ։ᦞऱᒤ໮Δਢܡ׽ਢᨃᖑڶඒߛᦞऱԳᙇנࠡז෻ԳΔڇ৞ຨऱ ᧯ࠫփၞ۩ए෻Εႛڍ֟೶಼ഗᐋऱᜢଃፖᣋඨΔࢨਢຘመࠫ৫ऱ๻ૠΔᨃڶᦞृ ڇޢԫᐋ్ࠠໂऴ൷೶ፖհᖲᄎΔࠌࠡრ৸౨ךٝ।ሒ࿛Ζڂڼ۞एऱীኪፖ։ᦞ ᒤ໮ऱ੺ࡳኙඒߛᦞऱ۩ࠌࠐᎅᅝྥࠠڶެࡳࢤऱᐙ᥼Δ۞एࡉ։ᦞڇࠫ৫ऱ๻ૠ ՂΔլ܀ီԫഏਙए࿇୶ऱ౧࿮ፖګᑵ৫ۖࡳΔޓᄎ࠹׈੺ඒޏऱᑪੌᐙ᥼ۖଥإΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ᓫࠩඒߛऱ۞एࡉ։ᦞΔঁլ౨งዥඒߛए෻ΰ˸˷̈˶˴̇˼̂́ʳ˺̂̉˸̅́˴́˶˸αԫဲΔٍ ܛಘᓵऱਢψᓴᖑڶඒߛᦞΔطᓴࠐጥᝤΛωΔՂ۞խ؇Հ۟چֱΕᖂீΔ౨೶ፖඒ ߛࠃ೭ެ࿜ऱଡԳࢨቸ᧯Δࠡ࿨ዌ੡۶Λඒߛᆖط։ᦞऱංၞࡉ۞एऱঅᎽࢬ૜س ऱΔਢਙࢌᖲዌၴՂՀᣂএऱ٦ᓳᖞΔޓਢ଺ڶิ៣ᖲ౨ऱ᠏ངΖψ۞एωءߪܛڶ ڇլٵิ៣ࢨլٵิ៣ऱګ୉հၴΔאץܶ۞৳੡૞ٙၞ۩ઌյ܂شհრΖᙟထழ

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זዝၞፖԳاव౨ऱၲ୶Δኙඒߛࠃ೭ऱ೶ፖრᣋՈყף೏ཆΔࠏڕڇഏփ؆ኔਜ ऱڇ୮ඒߛࠫ৫Εᖂீᙇᖗፖ௽๺ᖂீ࿛ٍܶڶඒߛ۞एऱᐙ՗Ιۖψ։ᦞωঞਐ ᆖطᦞԺऱՀ࣋Δ඄ᦞՀ᥆໢ۯ೚ެࡳհᦞԺΖ۟࣍۞एࢨ։ᦞऱګ࣠Δঞױຘመ אᜎயຂٚΰ˴˶˶̂̈́̇˴˵˼˿˼̇̌αऱֱڤࠐኙ؆੺ᎅࣔࠀ۸ᢞࠡए෻ऱإᅝࢤΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ֲءऱඒߛ۞ᖏ৵߱վΔڇ۞एፖ։ᦞऱ࿇୶Ղ٥ᖵᆖԿଡၸ੄Ιڇ່२ऱඒ ޏհՀΔխ؇Εچֱ֗ᖂீᐋ్ऱઌյᣂএΔՈൕא࢓ऱխ؇ႃᦞ᧯ࠫ࢓݁ᘝΕյ ܗऱֱٻᓳᖞΖء֮ᚵൕඒߛए෻ऱᨠរנ࿇Δຘመ֮᣸։࣫ऱֱऄΔտฯֲءඒ ߛ۞एࡉ։ᦞऱऄ๵ࠉᖕΕא֗طچֱ։ᦞሎ೯ࢬ֧࿇ΔڇඒߛՂ۞ए։ᦞऱ࿇୶Δ ࠀאᖂீઌᣂऱޏ଀੡ࠏၞ۩։࣫Δ່৵ኙᅃݺഏ෼ण༼נ৬ᤜΔઐ౨ኙվ৵ඒߛ ऱ࿇୶ନڶܗ墿Ζʳ

ຯȃРҏఀىՌݽᇄϷ᠌ޟ๖ᄺġ

ֲءڂ੡ԲᖏᖏඓΕٻᜤ૨ྤයٙދ૾ࠀ൷࠹ࠡ൷ጥ९ሒքڣΖאભഏ੡ଈऱ ᜤ૨᜔ຝ੡Ա߻ֲַء૨ഏ׌ᆠ٦ᘋΔڇᖏ৵ᄅᖆऄऱࠫࡳխ֧ၞԱا׌෻࢚Δࠀ ৙ق׌ᦞڇ࣍Գاۖॺ֚઄Ζڇඒߛࠫ৫ऱޏທՂΔભഏඒߛࠌᆏቸԲڻࠐֲΔਐ ᖄץਔඒߛऄ๵ፖࠫ৫࿛ၞ۩٤૿ࢤऱ᠏ངΖڂڼԲڻՕᖏױᘯਢֲءඒߛ࿇୶౧ ࿮Ղऱԫ։ֽᏆΔ։ګז।ᖏছऱ៱ࠫፖᖏ৵ऱᄅࠫΖᄅࠫඒߛऱٺႈऄ๵Δࠏڕ ᖆऄΕඒߛഗءऄΕඒߛࡡ୉ᄎऄΕچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄ࿛ڶᣂඒߛ۞एፖ։ᦞऱઌᣂ ๵ᒤΔࠡࠫࡳհॣઃᤖܶᅝזΰᖏඓऱߪٝࡉભഏऱਐᖄαհહནΖ ֲءඒߛ۞एፖ։ᦞऱኔਜױאᎅਢڇᖏ৵թඔࡨΖᄅࠫඒߛऄ๵ԫޏመװא ֚઄ፖഏ୮੡խ֨੡׌ऱψඒШᖂ᧯ࠫωΔᒔمאا׌֏ፖچֱ։ᦞऱᨠ࢚Δװฤᚨ ᄅᖆऄऱ׌ᦞڇا׌്ΖڂڼΔ૞൶ಘֲءऱඒߛ۞एፖ։ᦞऱ࿨ዌΔᔞٽൕऄ๵ ऱ๵ᒤၲࡨΔ࢏ۼ۟խ؇ፖچֱΔא֗چֱፖᖂீհၴऱઌյᣂএΖאՀء֮౿א ழၴհႉݧΔലऄ๵Εਙࢌٺ్հၴऱᣂএດޡտฯࠀ։࣫հΖ

ΙȃᇄՌݽϷ᠌ࣺᜰϞݲೣġ

ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ψඒߛ۩ਙऱا׌֏ωΕψඒߛ۩ਙऱچֱ։ᦞωΕፖψᒔঅඒߛऱ۞׌ࢤωԿរ ױᘯਢֲءᖏ৵ඒߛ۩ਙऱԿՕ଺ঞΰ๜଺܌ߊΔ˅˃˃ˌΙ᛺ض֮ႂΔ˅˃˃ˉαΖڇዌ৬ ᄅඒߛ᧯ࠫհॣΔઌᣂऱऄ๵ྤլࠉՂ૪଺෻ၞ۩๻ૠΖאՀ౿༉ֲءऱٺႈऄ๵ հ๵ᒤࠐ൶ಘڶᣂඒߛ۞एΕ։ᦞऱ๵ࡳΖʳ

(5)

ΰԫαֲءഏᖆऄΰ˄ˌˇˉ ڣֆؒαʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ᖆऄኙ࣍ഏا׌ᦞΰร ˄ යαΕഏاࠆڶ࠹ඒᦞΰร ˅ˉ යαڶࣔᒔ๵ࡳΔࠡխ ඒߛٍਢഏا׌ᦞհԫΖࠉഏا׌ᦞհ଺ঞΔڇഏاᣤ࿸ऱॾಜհՀΔࠠڶمऄᦞ ऱഏᄎΔਢז।ԳاኔਜזᤜਙएΔࠫࡳऄ৳א֘ਠԳاए෻რ৸ऱഏᦞ່೏ᖲᣂʳ ΰร ˇ˄ යαΔඒߛऱઌᣂऄ৳ٍطࠡࠫࡳΙۖ۩ਙᦞ᥆࣍փᎹΔփᎹऱ۩ਙ܂੡࠹ ഏᄎ጑ᅮΖᖆऄ๵ࡳ۩ਙΕمऄፖ׹ऄऱԿᦞ։م଺෻ڇ࣍ލࠫᦞԺऱᛒشΔ່ࠡ ึؾऱঞਢ૞অᎽഏاऱ׌ᦞΖ׼؆ᣂ࣍چֱ۞एֱ૿Δᖆऄร ˌ˅ ۟ ˌˈ යՈࢭᎁ چֱֆ٥ቸ᧯ڶچֱ۞एΔץܶ۩ਙᦞፖ۞एمऄᦞ࿛հֆᦞԺΔၞאঅᎽچֱ۞ एΖʳ ΰԲαඒߛഗءऄΰ˄ˌˇˊ ڣֆؒαʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ඒߛഗءऄհය֮ႛڶ ˅ˆ යΔࠡمऄ׌ڱڇ࣍ࠉᖕᖆऄऱ壄壀Δࣔقඒߛհؾ ऱࠀᒔمᄅඒߛࠫ৫Ζᣂ࣍ඒߛ۩ਙຝٝΔඒߛഗءऄร ˄˃ යڶ១࿍ࣔᒔऱ๵ᒤΚ ψඒߛΔլࣚ࣍լᅝհ֭಻Δᚨऴ൷ኙഏا૤ຂωΕ൷ထڇร ˅ ཱིԾ༼ࠩΚψඒߛ۩ ਙᚨࠉڼ۞ᤚΔᚨא੡ሑ۩ඒߛؾऱհࢬᏁٺႈයٙ੡ؾᑑΔၞ۩ᖞໂᒔمΖωʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ڇڼࡉ۞एፖ։ᦞڶᣂऱञᤜរڇ࣍Κ੡۶ኙඒߛ۩ਙ೚ڕڼ๵ᒤΛඒߛ੡۶ ૞լࣚൕլᅝհ֭಻Ε۶੡լᅝ֭಻ΔչᏖթਢإᅝ֭಻Ζࠡڻඒߛᚨڕ۶ኙഏا ऴ൷૤ຂΔऴ൷૤ຂፖຘመᤜᄎऱၴ൷૤ຂਢܡઌյ᫆௑Λኔ೭Ղᇠڕ۶๻ૠᨃඒ ߛױאψऴ൷ωኙഏا૤ຂΰࠉऴ൷ຂٚࢤհऄ෻αΖࡐྥڼऄૡࡳհψլࣚ࣍լᅝ ֭಻ωᅝॣਢ੡ඈೈ૨ഏ׌ᆠא຃ኧا׌壄壀Δ܀ࠡ৵ࠉᖕᇠऄࢬ๻ૠऱٺጟඒߛ ࠫ৫Δࠡխץܶඒߛऱ۞एፖ։ᦞऱං೯Δઃࡉࠡࢬ༿قऱψඒߛؾऱωΕψլࣚլ ᅝ֭಻ωፖψኙഏاऴ൷૤ຂωڶઌᅝ෡দհᣂຑΖʳ ΰԿαඒߛࡡ୉ᄎऄʽ˄ ʳ ΰ˄ˌˇˊ ڣࠫࡳΔ˄ˌˈˉ ڣᐒೈαʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ֲءڇچֱᐋ్ኔᎾ૤ຂඒߛࠃ೭ެ࿜ऱਢψඒߛࡡ୉ᄎωิ៣Δࠡऄחࠉᖕ ੡ඒߛࡡ୉ᄎऄΖ።ψए෻ωץܶထਙए۩੡ፖ۩ਙመ࿓ࠟጟᄗ࢚Δڕ۶ڇඒߛए ෻ऱࠫ৫๻ૠՂΔࠉᖕඒߛഗءऄऱ壄壀ิګԫଡאԳا੡׌᧯Δլᄎขسլᅝ֭ ಻Δ׊Ծ౨ኙ࣍ഏاऴ൷૤ຂऱ۩ਙᖲዌګ੡ᅝՀᏁ܌ࣚऱᓰᠲΖඒߛࡡ୉ᄎࠉऄ ิګհ৵Δ٦ຘመࠡ࿇ؒऱ๵ঞิ៣ٺ్ᖂீΕ๻ࡳඒߛؾᑑΔኔਜඒߛ੒೯ΰ۩ ਙመ࿓αΔۖඒߛऱए෻ঞຘመຍࠄ੒೯ۖ۩ࠌΰਙए۩੡αΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ᖏ৵ΔભഏඒߛࠌᆏቸࠐֲΔڇᄅࠫඒߛऱ৬ዌՂ੡ං۩ا׌Δൿೈഏ୮׌ᆠΕ ૨ഏ׌ᆠΕ೏৫խ؇ႃᦞፖࡴቛਙएΔ੡ֲء֧ၞԱભڤඒߛࡡ୉ᄎࠫ৫ΰޜ଺ᇨ

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؄૴጑ଥΔ˅˃˃ˉ˴αΖભڤඒࡡᄎऱ௽ۥڇ࣍ආ۩ֆᙇࠫ৫Δאا׌൳ࠫΰ˷˸̀̂˶̅˴˶̌ʳ ˶̂́̇̅̂˿α੡ิ៣࿨ዌΔᆖطֆၲᙇᜰඒߛࡡ୉Δၞ۩ඒߛए෻א᧯෼چֱ۞एፖඒߛ ۞ए։ᦞऱრቹΖඒߛऱऴ൷ຂٚࢤհऄ෻ٍ៶طᙇᜰขسऱඒߛࡡ୉ᄎၞ۩ެ࿜ ֗ሎ܂Δࠀऴ൷ኙᙇا૤ຂΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ࠡڻΔ੡ޙ࿪ࠐ۞ԫ౳۩ਙլᅝհ֭಻եឫΔֲءඒࡡᄎਢאψ௽ܑωࡡ୉ᄎ ऱֱڤᗑم࣍ԫ౳۩ਙຝ॰հ؆Δլ࠹چֱଈ९ऴ൷ਐཀ጑ᅮΖᣊۿऱᗑمࡡ୉ᄎ ᝫڶԳࠃࡡ୉ᄎፖᙇᜰጥ෻ࡡ୉ᄎ࿛Ζڼ؆ֲءऱඒࡡᄎࠀྤᗑم࿔گΔࠡತਙץ ܶڇԫ౳۩ਙհՀΔ׊ጥᝤᒤ໮ࡉچֱ۞एቸ᧯ऱ۩ਙ೴ԫીΔլቝભഏඒࡡᄎڶ ᐛ࿔ᦞΔ׊ࢬอᝤհᖂ೴ڶሀ။լٵ۩ਙ೴഑հൣݮΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ รԿΔඒߛࡡ୉ऱขسഗءՂආ࠷ࢬᘯైԳΰ˿˴̌̀˴́α൳ࠫհ଺෻ΔՈ༉ਢطॺ ඒߛറᄐհ壄૎ࠐ༳෻ඒߛࡡ୉ᄎΔڼࠫ৫հ๻ૠ່ૹ૞ऱؾऱԯਢ੡ඈೈࡴቛࠫ ৫հኤ୭Δא߻ַࠡڇ࿓ݧΕኙऄ๵ऱᇞᤩՂאᓤᠧΕ۞ܓऱֱڤඈೈ؆੺ऱե௫Ζʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ឈྥຝٝᖂृޅေֲءඒࡡᄎ׽ਢ๯ൎ૰֧ၞհ؆ࠐขढΔءࠐ༉լֲࣚءֽ ՒΔ܀ଣࠡפ౨ڕ൓א࿇ཀΔآቫլਢᒔمඒߛ۞ए։ᦞհࠢᒤߜᖲΖྥኔਜլࠩ ༓ڣऱֆᙇࠫ৫ΔڂնϤڣזᅝழषᄎऱ෗႖Εਙ᤻ऱႜؤΔ༚אឌᖏऱᡨ࿇࿛Δ ੡܍ඒߛऱխمࡉڜࡳ࠹ࠩᐙ᥼ΔֲءᐒೈԱඒߛࡡ୉ᄎऄΔޏࠫࡳچֱඒߛ۩ਙ ऄΔᙟᄅऄऱࠫࡳֆᙇࠫ৫ٍ๯ึַΔඒߛࡡ୉ऱขسޏطچֱଈ९ං៺ٚࡎΔۖ ඒߛऱ۞एۥ൑۞ڼ׽ໍՀቸ᧯ऱ۞एΔཅೈԱԳاऱए෻Ζʳ ΰ؄αچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄʽ˅ ΰ˄ˌˈˉ ڣֆؒαʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ˄ˌˈˉ ڣࠫࡳऱچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄೈԱ࠷זᐒೈऱඒߛࡡ୉ᄎऄΔ๵ᒤچֱඒࡡᄎ ઌᣂࠃႈ؆Δٍਢ๵ᒤᖞ᧯چֱඒߛ۩ਙิ៣ፖሎ܂ऱऄ৳Ζڇᇠऄऱ๵ᒤհՀΔ ֲءऱඒߛᛧ൓Ա९ཚऱڜࡳΔՈߨٻ೏৫ऱխ؇ႃᦞΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ᇠऄհ׌૞փ୲Δᆖ࿝ृอᖞΔᄗױ։੡אՀ؄រΚʳ ˄ˁ๵ᒤچֱඒࡡᄎհ๻ᆜፖิ៣ΖᜰՅ๵ᒤඒߛࡡ୉ऱขسΰ੡؄ڣαΕԳᑇΰԫ ৳੡նԳαΕᒽ܍Εᇞ៭Ε؈៭Εࣚ೭࿛Δא֗ඒߛ९ऱขسΕٚ܍ፖᎁױΕࠃ೭ݝ ऱሎ܂Εਐᖄ׌ࠃΰᅮᖂαऱ๻ᆜ࿛Ζʳ ˅ˁ๵ᒤඒࡡᄎ֗چֱ۞एቸ᧯ଈ९ऱඒߛ៭೭ᦞૻʽˆ ΖࠡխץܶԱࠃ೭๠෻ፖඒ ߛತขጥ෻հᦞૻΖʳ ˆˁኙઌᣂඒߛᖲᣂऱ๻ᆜΕጥ෻ፖ៭୉ၞ۩๵ᒤΖփ୲ץਔڕᖂீΕቹ஼塢࿛ऱ ๻ᆜΕ៭୉հٚ܍Εઔ฾֗ەᜎေࡳ࿛Ζʳ ˇˁ๵ࡳխ؇ፖٺ్چֱඒࡡᄎΔԲ్ፖԿ్ඒࡡᄎհၴऱઌյᣂএΖࠏڕ֮ຝՕ

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۝ኙԲ్ࢨԿ్چֱඒࡡᄎਐᖄΕ৬ߢፖགܗऱᦞԺΔٍ๵ᒤԱՀ్ඒࡡᄎႊ൷࠹ אψࠃ೭ࡡٚωࢨψᇖܗച۩ωऱֱڤਊՂ్ऱਐقၞ۩ᄐ೭๠෻Ζʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ط࣍ᇠऄሰาᜇᙊऱ๵ࡳچֱඒߛ۩ਙิ៣֗ࠡՂՀ్հၴऱᣂএΔڂڼऴ۟ ᇠऄ࠹چֱ։ᦞሎ೯ᐙ᥼Δၞ۩ଥૡΰ˅˃˃ˇ ڣαհၴΔچֱඒࡡᄎऱ۞एፖ։ᦞΔ ੷۟ץਔᖂீऱ۞׌ဪၦ࿛ᦞԺΔຟ࠹ࠩލࠫΖʳ ΰնαچֱ۞एऄΰ˄ˌˇˊ ڣֆؒαʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ೈՂ૪ඒߛऄחհ؆Δ׼ԫଡፖඒߛऱ۞एፖ։ᦞڶᣂऱऄ৳੡چֱ۞एऄΖ ᇠऄএءᖆऄچֱ۞एհࡲڱۖࠫࡳΔؾᑑڇ࣍ࡳᆠچֱ۞एቸ᧯հิ៣ፖᛜሎࠃ ႈΔࠀ᠖堚ഏ୮ፖچֱ۞एቸ᧯հഗءᣂএΔאཚࠌچֱ۞एቸ᧯౨אا׌Εڶய ౨հ۩ਙ܂੡ቹᘩ೜٤հ࿇୶Ζࠡխڶᣂඒߛ۞एຝٝΔඒߛڇᖏছ੡ഏ୮ऱࠃ೭Δ چֱ޲ڶ۞एऱ़ၴΔࣔएழཚऱඒߛחࡸ׊ڇร ˄ ය๵ࡳΚψ٤ഏհඒߛࠃ೭এ֮ ຝହհอ᥊ΔࠉਚᖂீؔᆇႼ஼ᤄ塢࿛ྤᓵֆߏمհܑઃᚨ౏֮ຝହհ጑ᅮΖωΰޜ ଺ᇨ؄૴጑ଥΔ˅˃˃ˉ˵Ι᛺ض֮ႂΔ˅˃˃ˉαΔᖏ৵ڇچֱ۞एऄֆؒΕං೯چֱ۞एհ ৵Δچֱ۞एቸ᧯ࠉऄګمඒߛࡡ୉ᄎΔࠀ๻ᆜᖂீΔ૤ຂᝤփچֱඒߛࠃ೭ऱሎ ܂ࠀ૤ᖜࢬᏁհᆖ၄Ζڂڼچֱᐋ్ऱඒߛ۞एএࠉچֱ۞एऄհ๵ᒤۖܧվֲհ ᑌᎎΖʳ

ΠȃϛѵМഋࣸ

ʽˇ

ȃӴПఀىۏষོᇄᏰਮޟ༈ಛᜰ߽ġ

խ؇Εچֱፖᖂீڇ։ᦞޏ଀ኔਜհছऱᣂএԫ౳๯ᎁ੡ਢطՂۖՀऱխ؇ႃ ᦞ᧯ࠫΔ۶א଺ءᑑ዆چֱ։ᦞऱᖏ৵ඒߛ᧯ࠫڇኔਜመ࿓խᄎყףݮګխ؇ႃᦞ ෼ွΛࠡ଺ڂհԫਢՂ్໢ۯຘመऄ৳ऱ඄ᦞΔאٺጟֱڤ༳༽ࠀ൳ࠫՀ᥆ᖲᣂΖ אՀΔ౿១૪֮ຝઊፖچֱඒࡡᄎΔא֗چֱඒࡡᄎፖᖂீऱႚอᣂএΖ ΰԫα֮ຝઊፖچֱඒࡡᄎհᣂএ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳֲءᖂृֵضݛΰ˄ˌˋˆαਐנඒߛ۩ਙڶԿՕ܂شΔ։ܑਢ๵ᒤΕܗګא֗ኔ ਜ܂شԿጟΖڍڣאࠐ֮ຝઊऱߡۥΔೈԱڇխ؇ਙࢌۯၸފዝඒߛਙ࿜ऱࠫࡳृΔ ๵ᒤ٤ഏԫીऱᑑᄷհ؆Δࠡᝫױאᆖطऄ৳඄ᦞΔא࿇ؒࡎחΕਜ۩าঞ࿛ֱڤ ΰ๵ᒤ܂شαਐཀچֱඒࡡᄎΖ១໢ូ౏Δ֮ຝઊࠠڶאՀ؄ጟᦞԺΰဏޘࢉ㬔Δ ˅˃˃ˋαΖʳ ˄ˁኙچֱၞ۩ਐᖄΕ৬ߢΕགܗΰᇖܗαऱᦞԺΖʳ ˅ˁψᜤ࿮ᓳᖞωऱᦞԺΖ֮ຝઊ੡ᨃඒߛࠃ೭إᒔച۩Δױאࡉچֱඒࡡᄎ࠷൓

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ઌյհၴऱᜤ࿮ᓳᖞΖʳ ˆˁᓳ਷ᦞΖ֮ຝՕ۝੡ၞ۩Ղ૪ࠟႈࠃ೭Δױኙچֱ۞एቸ᧯հଈ९א֗ඒࡡᄎ հࠃ೭ၞ۩ؘ૞ऱᓳ਷Ζʳ ˇˁ༼ࠎᇷறΕ໴ܫհψ૞ޣᦞωΖ֮ຝՕ۝ױא૞ޣچֱ۞एቸ᧯հଈ९א֗ඒ ࡡᄎ༼ࠎؘ૞ऱᓳ਷ΕอૠࢨࠡהᇷறΖֲء٤ഏࢤऱᖂԺᓳ਷ܛࠉء๵ࡳኔਜΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ٦אඒߛ९ऱԳࠃ੡ࠏΔچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄࠫࡳ৵Δ֮ຝՕ۝༳ڶኙԲ్ඒࡡᄎ ඒߛ९ऱᎁױᦞΔຘመᎁױᦞऱ۩ࠌΔআࠌඒߛ९ګ੡ࣚൕऱՀ᥆Ζ൷ထΔԲ్ඒ ࡡᄎᖑڶԿ్ඒࡡᄎऱඒߛ९ٚࡎᦞ֗ኙԿ్ඒࡡᄎհඒߛࠃ೭Δࠏڕิ៣ᒳࠫΕ ᓰ࿓Εඒޗ࿛հഗᄷ๻ࡳᦞΖڼ؆Ղ్ᝫױຘመψᖲᣂࡡٚࠃ೭ωֱڤΔല଺ء᥆ ࣍Ղ్ᚨച۩ऱᄐ೭ΔࡡಜՀ్ז੡ച۩Ζڼጟᄐ೭ٌطچֱച۩৵Δ່ॿ୭چֱ ۞एऱຝٝԯڇ࣍چֱᤜᄎ׽౨ڇച۩መ࿓।قᣂ֨Δ܀ࠀྤᤜެࢨ጑ᅮऱᦞԺΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ֲءऱඒߛ᧯ߓڂۖڇڕڼᐋᐋઌڬऱՂՀᣂএխլឰ࢓խ؇ႃᦞዝ᧢Δऴ۟ چֱ։ᦞޏ଀հছΔچֱऱඒࡡᄎൄ๯ጠհ੡֮ຝઊऱ։ຝΔࢨ๯ᅝګנ஁ᖲᣂ઎ ৱΖຑ؆ഏᖂृڕ ˥̂̇˵˸̅˺ΰ˅˃˃ˇαڇઔߒֲءඒޏ᠏ངऱᣊীழΔຟᎁ੡ֲء଺ء ༉ਢխ؇ႃᦞഏ୮Δຍणउፖᖏ৵ֲءᖆऄΕඒߛഗءऄ๻ૠᅝॣࢬᑑ዆ऱ෻࢚Օ ઌຕஅΖʳ ΰԲαچֱඒࡡᄎፖᖂீհᣂএʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ࠉֲءऱᖂீඒߛऄհ๵ࡳΔᖂீհ๻مආψ๻ᆜृጥ෻׌ᆠωΔٍܛᖂீਢط ୌԫଡቸ᧯ࢬ๻مऱΔᇠቸ᧯༉૤ڶᛜሎΕ጑ᅮΕᤂൻᆖ၄֗ፂᥨଥ៤հຂΖڇֲ ءऱ۩ਙऄᖂՂΔᖂீਢլࠠໂψऄԳ௑ωऱΔऄ৳Ղ૤ڶᦞԺᆠ೭ऱ׌᧯ਢࠡ๻ ᆜृΰֵضݛΔ˄ˌˋˆΙဏޘࢉ㬔Δ˅˃˃ˋαΖڕֆمխ՛ᖂհ๻ᆜृ੡Կ్ΰ᮫ؑޘα հඒࡡᄎΔ᮫ؑޘඒࡡᄎঞ੡ࠡጥ෻ᖲᣂΙߏمᖂீऱጥ෻ृڇ࣍ګمᇠீऱᖂீ ऄԳ࿛Ζڼ؆ႛ۾ֲءᖂீ᜔ᑇ ˃ˁˊʸऱഏمխ՛ᖂΔঞط֮ຝઊጥ෻Ζʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ႚอՂඒࡡᄎፖᖂீऱᣂএΔڇ࣍ࠡೈࠉᖂீඒߛऄ๵ࡳΔᖑڶץਔࢤऱ֭಻ ᦞຂհ؆Δᝫ࠹چֱ۞एऄፖچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄհ๵ᒤΖ១໢ࠐᎅඒࡡᄎኙᖂீऱጥ ෻ױ։੡Հ٨ԿጟΚʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ˄ˁʳ ኙீ९ΕඒᙰϠˈ ֗៭୉࿛հٚ܍Εࣚ೭ፖ጑ᅮ࿛Գࠃጥ෻Ιʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ˅ˁʳ ኙீॐΕீچ࿛հፂᥨଥ៤ऱጥ෻Δڼএ੡ढऱጥ෻Ιʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ˆˁʳ ኙᖂீᆖᛜၞ۩ਐཀ጑ᅮፖਐᖄ৬ߢ࿛۩ਙጥ෻Ζʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ࠉڼΔඒࡡᄎኙீ९ٍڶψ࿪ኙऱΔץਔࢤωऱਐཀᦞԺΔױ඄ᦞீ९ᆖᛜᖂீΔ Ոױኙீ९ၞ۩ਐقፖ጑ᅮΙڇᓰ࿓ֱ૿Δඒࡡᄎኙᓰ࿓ᒳ፹ױ๻ࡳഗᄷΕၞ۩ਐ

(9)

قΕਐᖄፖ৬ߢΔؘ૞ழᝫױא࿇ؒࡎחΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ڇᖂீऱֲൄࠃ೭ՂΔඒࡡᄎࠉچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄร ˆˆ යհ๵ࡳΔࠫࡳᖂீጥ෻ ๵ঞΔᨃᖂீױאڇ඄ᦞՀഗ࣍ءߪऱܒឰ๠෻ֲൄࠃ೭Ζᖂீ๠෻๵ঞڇऄऱچ ۯՂ੡ψࡎחωΔඒࡡᄎא࿇ؒᇠࡎחऱֱڤΔլႛઌኙપޔ۞ߪኙᖂீ೚ؘ૞אՂ հե௫ΔՈᨃᖂீᆖᛜ൓אڶ఼ݧΔࠀڇԫࡳᒤ໮փᖑڶ۞׌ፖ۞مऱࢤ௑Ζʳ

୤ȃРҏఀىՌݽϷ᠌ޟี৤ġ

ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ֲءඒߛ۞एፖ։ᦞऱ࿇୶Δ࠹ࠩچֱ։ᦞޏ଀ऱᐙ᥼ۖขسԱૹՕऱ᠏᧢Ζ ֲءچֱ։ᦞሎ೯଺এ࠹ࠩψᄅ۞ط׌ᆠΰ́˸̂ˀ˿˼˵˸̅˴˿˼̆̀αωऱᐙ᥼ۖၞ۩ऱԫຑۭ ᦞԺՀ࣋ऱޏ଀܂੡Ζᄅ۞ط׌ᆠऱ׌്լٵ࣍Ղ׈ધॣᑛભආ۩ऱ࣋ٚڤ۞ط׌ ᆠΕא֗ԲڻՕᖏ৵ऱ壂ܓഏ୮׌ᆠΔ،ൎᓳऱਢψ੡আၞഏاऱ۞طΔ৬ዌڶய ऱᤁञؑ໱Δ૞ૹီഏ୮ऱߡۥࡳۯΔ܀ԾᏁލࠫഏ୮ऱᖲ౨່࣍՛ૻ৫փΔאআ ၞଡԳࢨิ៣ᆖط۞طᤁञۖ੒࿮ᆖᛎΰࡽءኧΔ˅˃˃ˌαΔࠡ֘ਠڇਙࢌޏ଀ՂΔױ אشऄ๵ᠾᆙΕ۞طᤁञΕᦞԺՀ࣋࿛ᨠ࢚ז।հΖڇᄅ۞ط׌ᆠऱᖄ֧հՀΔֲ ء࣍԰Ϥڣזأཚၲࡨං೯۩ਙޏ଀Δࠡᜍ՛Ահছ壂ܓഏ୮ழזᘉՕΕᏜ֏ऱਙ ࢌิ៣ΔࠀຘመᦞૻऱࡡಜΕՀ࣋࿛ֱڤআၞچֱ۞एቸ᧯֗ഏا੒೯ऱᐘࢤ֏Δ ۖඒߛ۩ਙֱ૿ऱޏ଀Ոᙟհۖڶၞԫޡऱ࿇୶Ζʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ֲءچֱ։ᦞऱᄩᄭΔױאᎅਢ۞ ˄ˌˋˋ ڣದঁڶچֱࠫ৫։ᦞઌᣂᐉᤜऱၞ ۩Ιˊ ڣ৵ΰ˄ˌˌˈ ڣαΔ੡ၞ۩ઌᣂऄ๵ଥૡΔ٣۩ࠫࡳԱچֱ։ᦞංၞऄΔࠀ๻ᆜ چֱ։ᦞංၞࡡ୉ᄎΔၞ۩ᐉ෻ࡉᓳ਷Ζ൷ထֲءփᎹᎹᤜڇ ˄ˌˌˋ ڣຏመψچֱ։ ᦞංၞૠ྽ωΙ˄ˌˌˌ ڣഏᄎຏመψچֱ։ᦞԫਔऄʽˉ ωࠀֆؒΖڇᇠऄֆؒհ৵Δࢬ ڶ௫֗چֱ։ᦞࠃႈऱऄ৳Δຟႊ಻ٽᇠऄᛀಘଥإΔࠡխ ˅˄ ຝࡉ֮ຝઊڶᣂऱඒ ߛऄחٍᏁၞ۩ଥૡΖچֱ։ᦞԫਔऄڇ ˅˃˃˃ ڣإڤኔਜΔွᐛֲءഏ୮ࡉچֱ۞ एቸ᧯ऱᣂএၲඔᄅ଄Δۖچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄՈ࣍ ˅˃˃ˊ ڣၞ۩ଥૡΔࠌඒߛ۞एࡉ։ ᦞऱ࿇୶ٍᝬٻᄅऱၸ੄Ζʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ چֱ։ᦞޏ଀ऱၞ۩ᐙ᥼Ա଺ءऱඒߛࠫ৫ΔՈআၞԱ່ᄅԫंඒߛ۞ए։ᦞ ڇ෻࢚Ղፖ܂ऄՂऱޏ᧢Ζֲءඒߛ۞ए։ᦞऱ࿇୶ၸ੄ፖࠡ२ཚणउᄗڕՀࢬقΖʳ

ΙȃఀىՌݽϷ᠌ޟี৤໦ࢲġ

ֲءඒߛ۞एࡉ։ᦞ࿇୶ၸ੄Δᆖء֮ᖞٽઌᣂऄ๵ፖچֱ։ᦞޏ଀հኔਜΔ

(10)

ױאشழၴរऱ೴։Δូ౏נԿՕၸ੄Ζรԫၸ੄ਢᖏ৵ΰ˄ˌˇˊ ڣα۟ ˄ˌˈˉ ڣچֱ ඒߛ۩ਙऄࠫࡳհၴऱψနॕཚωΔ່ࠡࠠז।ࢤऱਢඒߛࡡ୉ᄎऱ๻ૠፖࠡࡡ୉ኔ ਜֆᙇࠫ৫ΔᆵኔඒߛऱైԳ൳ࠫፖ۞एΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ รԲၸ੄੡ψႃᦞཚωΔழၴរՂਢ ˄ˌˈˉ ڣ۟ ˅˃˃˃ ڣհၴΖڼၸ੄ದࡨ࣍چֱ ඒߛ۩ਙऄհࠫࡳΔึ࣍چֱ։ᦞઌᣂऄחଥૡհழΖႃᦞཚऱ௽ۥਢچֱඒࡡᄎ ऱࡡ୉ޏ੡ං៺ࠫΕࡡ୉९ႊᆖՂ్ٵრࡨ൓ٚࡎΕՂՀ్ᖲᣂऱᦞૻٻՂΕ࢓խ ؇ႃխΔڼၸ੄ऱඒߛ۞ए࠹ࠩᚘލΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ รԿၸ੄ױאشψᑷ࿮ཚω܂੡ז।ΖࠡڇழၴរՂપ੡ ˅˃˃˃ ڣ߱վΖڇءၸ ੄խഏ୮ፖچֱ۞एቸ᧯հၴऱᣂএطՂՀ࢓࠰ٵ܂ᓳᖞΔඒߛ۞एດዬڇچֱඒ ࡡᄎՂ਀༚ΔᆖመᦞԺՀ࣋ऱޏ଀৵Δچֱඒࡡᄎऱ۞׌ႈؾᏺڍΔᖂீᐋ్Ո๯ چֱඒࡡᄎ඄ፖޓڍ۞׌ᆖᛜᦞԺΔٵழ࠹ࠩԫຑۭඒޏऱᐙ᥼Δඒߛऱܓ୭ᣂএ ृʻ̆̇˴˾˸˻̂˿˷˸̅ʼ࠷൓ޓڍ೶ፖඒߛࠃ೭ऱᦞԺΖʳ

ΠȃӴПఀى՗ࢇಢᙑޟ፡ᐌġ

ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ඒߛࡡ୉ᄎऱิ៣ਮዌࡉפ౨ᙟ ˅˃˃ˊ ڣچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄऱଥૡڶԱઌᅝ࿓৫ऱ ޏ᧢Δຍࠄޏ᧢ᨃچֱᐋ్ऱඒߛए෻࢓۞एፖ։ᦞհሁছၞΔٍਢআࠌᖂீၞ۩ ۞ए։ᦞޏ଀ऱૹ૞ڂైΖඒߛࡡ୉ᄎิ៣ਮዌऱᓳᖞΔױאូ౏੡אՀ؄ႈΖʳ ΰԫαᐘࢤᓳᖞඒߛࡡ୉Գᑇ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ៱چֱඒߛ۩ਙऄխ๵ࡳچֱࢬ๻ඒߛࡡ୉ԫ৳੡նټΖᇠऄଥૡ৵Δچֱױ א௅ᖕءߪऱයٙΔᆜ ˆˀˉ ټඒߛࡡ୉Δڼᜰ๯ီ੡ᙟࡡ୉ᑇऱᐘࢤ֏Δֺא࢓ޓױ ૹီچֱऱ௽ࢤΔ֘ਠچ೴ࡺاऱრٻΖʳ ΰԲαᆃַඒߛ९ଫٚඒߛࡡ୉ᄎࡡ୉९ΰ׌ஂαʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ੡Աᒔঅඒࡡᄎऱრߠլᄎ๯ࢬᘯψറ୮ωऱඒߛ९ྤီࢨᖙݫΔࠀᆵኔᅝॣ ైԳ൳ࠫऱ෻࢚Δچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄଥࡳ৵๵ࡳٺ్ඒࡡᄎऱඒߛ९ᆃַଫٚඒߛࡡ ୉ᄎࡡ୉९Δᄅऄ٦ၞԫޡ֮ࣔ๵ࡳࠟृհၴߡۥ֗ຂٚऱ։ᎾΖʳ ΰԿαᐒೈඒߛ९ऱᎁױࠫ৫ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ඒߛ९ऱԳᙇڇ៱ऄխএطඒߛࡡ୉յᙇขسΔࠀᆖՂ్ᎁױᛧ൓ٚࡎΖᄅऄ ଥૡհ৵Δඒߛ९ऱᎁױޏطᆖچֱᤜᄎऱٵრٚࡎΖڼൻਜ๯ᎁ੡ਢᆵኔඒߛᦞ ԺՀ࣋Εൎ֏چֱए෻ᦞԺऱԫႈޏ᧢Ζᆖطඒߛ९Գᙇᎁױࠫ৫ऱޏ᧢Δױאᨃ

(11)

ඒߛࠃ೭ፖچֱऱ࿇୶Ꮑޣޓጹയ࿨ٽΖഄඒߛ९Գᙇءطඒߛࡡ୉խขسΔඒߛ ࡡ୉ޓਢᆖطᙇᜰขسऱଈ९ං៺ΔᏁᆖᙇᜰऱֆ៭ז।ᖺদऱਙएۥ൑Δଈ९༼ נऱඒߛਙ࿜ٍᏁኙᙇا֗اრΰᤜᄎα૤ຂΖڂڼඒࡡᄎऱए෻ᑓڤਢܡ࢓אଈ ९੡խ֨ऱਙए൳ࠫೣฝΛࠡױ౨ࢤ࠹ࠩᣂࣹΖʳ ΰ؄αೖַψᖲᣂࡡٚࠃ೭ωΔ྇֟Ղ్ऱऴ൷ե௫ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ چֱ։ᦞԫਔऄֆؒհছΔՕࣂՂֲءऱຟሐࢌᗼ൷࠹Ղ్ࡡٚΔ๠෻Ղ్ٌ ᙄࠃ೭ऱֺ෷પ ˊˀˋ ګΕ᮫ؑޘ൷࠹ຟሐࢌᗼࡡٚ๠෻ऱࠃ೭ঞڶ ˆˀˇ ګΖՂ్໢ۯ ຘመᖲᣂࡡٚࠃ೭ऱٌᙄֱڤΔլႛൎ֏Աᖲᣂၴऱ׌ൕᣂএΔٍݮګԱڍڣࠐ۩ ਙ᧯ߓխ؇ႃᦞऱ௽ᐛΖऄחଥإհ৵Δ଺ঞՂೈԱψऄࡳ࠹ಜࠃ೭ωհ؆Δࠡ塒 ઃ᥆چֱ۞एࠃ೭Δچֱڶ۞۩ެࡳऱᦞૻΖא֮ຝઊ੡ࠏΔଥऄ৵଺ڶऱ ˄˃ˈ ጟ ᖲᣂࡡٚࠃ೭׽ໍ ˇ˄ ጟ੡ऄࡳ࠹ಜࠃ೭Δࠡ塒 ˉˇ ጟ๯ቤ੡چֱऱ۞एࠃ೭Ζʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ٦ृΔ៱چֱඒߛ۩ਙऄ๵ࡳΔՂ్໢ۯڶኙՀ్ၞ۩ਐᖄΕ৬ߢΕᣠܫ࿛հ ᦞԺΰ៱ऄร ˇˋ යαΔڇଥإ৵ᠾᆙ๵ࡳΔᄅᏺԱԫଡψױωڗΔז।Ղ్ױ۩ࠌ Ղ૪ᦞԺΔٍױլࠌشΖ׼؆៱ऄร ˇˌ ය๵ࡳΔԲ్ऱຟሐࢌᗼ੡ፂ਍Կ్᮫ؑޘ مᖂீऱԫી๵ᒤΔ๻ڶഗᄷࠀᆖࠡ࿇ؒऱᖂீጥ෻๵ঞച۩Ζڇچֱ։ᦞऱං೯ ՀΔܔೈᇠය֮Δ᮫ؑޘඒࡡᄎվ৵ױڇچֱ׌᧯ࢤऱەၦՀΔດޡᓳᖞᖂீጥ෻ ๵ঞΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ᆖطՂ૪۩ਙൻਜᓳᖞΔֲءխ؇ࡉچֱऱᣂএດዬ۞א࢓ऱՂՀΕ׌ൕᣂএ ཛٽ܂Ε࠰ܗᣂএዝ᧢Ζೈॺچֱऱ۩ਙ܂੡ڶࣔ᧩լᔞᅝΔՂ్ױא࿇נψᣠܫωΔ ᖄإࢨխַᇠᄐ೭؆Δԫ౳۩ਙ܂੡ႊऺऄࡳ׌ᆠ଺ঞΔڇֆإຘࣔհՀၞ۩ਐق ࡉ጑ᅮΖ׼؆ൕޏ଀խٍױא࿇෼ΔՂ్ऱ۩ਙᑓڤዬڶط٣ছऱψਐᖄীω᠏ٻ ψࠃ৵጑ᅮীω۩ਙᑓڤऱዝ᧢ΖຘመኙՀ్໢ۯऱေᦸၞ۩࿨࣠ᛀᢞΔࠀঅᎽ۩ ਙऱ঴ᔆ࿛Δຍᑌऱ᠏᧢լႛፂ਍ԱՂ్໢ۯ጑ᅮऱم໱ΔՈױᨃچֱऱ۞׌ࢤ൓ א࿇ཀΖʳ

ဓȃᏰਮՌݽϷ᠌׽८ޟଢ଼өᇄϷݙġ

ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ᄅ۞ط׌ᆠऱ෻࢚լႛᐙ᥼Աץܶඒߛ۩ਙڇփऱֲءਙࢌิ៣طխ؇ႃᦞ࢓ چֱ։ᦞၞ۩ޏ଀Δ଺ء࠹ࠩᄕՕૻࠫऱᖂீ۞׌ᆖᛜᦞԺΔՈڇڼंޏ଀հխڶ Աޏ᧢Ζ۞ ˄ˌˌˋ ڣֲءխ؇ඒߛᐉᤜᄎΔ༼נψᒔمᖂீऱ۞׌ࢤፖ۞৳ࢤωޏ଀ ၲࡨ߱վΔڇᖂீᐋ్Ղբၞ۩Աԫߓ٨ऱޏ଀ΰؑضඕհፖ಺մઔ܂Δ˅˃˃ˉαΖء

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֮אՀ౿᜔࿨ֲء۞԰Ϥڣז߱վऱᖂீޏ଀խΔڇআၞ۞एፖ։ᦞՂࢬᓳᖞࢨᄅ ᏺऱຝٝΔូ౏אψᖂீޏ଀ऱᐋ૿ω֗ψᖂீए෻ऱᑓڤωࠟႈࠀᎅࣔΕಘᓵհΖʳ

ΙȃᏰਮ׽८ޟቹ७ġ

ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ᖂீءۯጥ෻ΰ̆˶˻̂̂˿ˀ˵˴̆˸˷ʳ̀˴́˴˺˸̀˸́̇ʿʳ˦˕ˠαਢ԰Ϥڣזฐ۩࣍ᑛભऱԫጟڇ ඒߛՂᆖطᦞԺՀ࣋Δലඒߛࠃ೭ऱެࡳٌطᖂீ۞۩ެࡳऱԫጟᆖᛜᑓڤΰܦ堚 ՞ፖམᛞ८Δ˄ˌˌˈΙࣥሸཕΔ˅˃˃˃αΖֲءऱᖂீޏ଀ڇං೯ऱழၴរՂإਢᑛભᖂ ீءۯጥ෻່ฐ۩ऱڣזΔڂڼ࠹ࠡᐙ᥼ࠀլრ؆Ζ܀ࠡฝཬֲࠩء৵Δڇኔᔆփ ୲Ղڍ֟ڶࢬޏ᧢Ζ˦˕ˠ ऱփ୲ױא։੡ڇᖂீԫ౳۩ਙ܂੡Εᓰ࿓ፖඒᖂΕᖂீ ԳࠃΕቃጩ࿛؄Օ۞׌ᐋ૿ΰࣥሸཕΔ˅˃˃˃αΖڕאֲءԫߓ٨ऱᖂீޏ଀܂ኙᅃऱ ᇩΔױא࿇෼ֲءڇԫ౳۩ਙ܂੡ऱޏ଀ՂՕ࣍ᓰ࿓ፖඒᖂΙᓰ࿓ඒᖂऱޏ଀ԾՕ ࣍ᖂீԳࠃፖቃጩΖࠡխԳࠃࡉቃጩऱᦞૻឈྥս༳༽ڇඒࡡᄎ֫խΔ܀ᖂீٍᛧ ൓Աຝٝऱ৬ᤜᦞΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ֲءऱᖂீڇԫ౳۩ਙ܂੡ऱޏ଀ڶ ˄ˁឩՕᖂீဪၦᦞΔ˅ˁൎ֏ீ९ऱᏆᖄᦞԺ ፖ ˆˁ৬مᖂீ࿇୶௽ۥ࿛ΖאឩՕᖂீဪၦᦞࠐ઎Δඒࡡᄎࢬࠫࡳऱᖂீጥ෻๵ঞ ڇچֱ։ᦞޏ଀৵ၞ۩ᠾᆙΔឩՕԱᖂீᆖᛜீ೭ऱᦞԺΖڇࠠ᧯ച۩ᐋ૿ՂΔࠏ ڕᖂீױא۞׌ެࡳٺᖂཚऱ۩ࠃΔᐘࢤ๻ࡳᖂཚፖ᧢ޓ೗ཚ࿛Ιڇ৬مᖂீ௽ۥ ՂΔீ९ೈᏆᖄᖂீᆖᛜֱٻ؆Δլ܍Ꮑፖࢬڇچ೴հࡺاյ೯Δ಻ٽچ೴යٙ৬ م௽ۥΖ؆ຝᇷᄭऱᾄٍࣹ๯ီ੡ൎ֏ᖂீ۞׌ᆖᛜऱԫଡֱऄΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ڇᓰ࿓ֱ૿Δ˄ˌˌˋ ڣ๻مऱጵٽᖂ฾ழၴ๯ᎁ੡ਢױאᨃٺீ࿇ཀ໌ທԺፖ୶ ၲ௽ۥඒᖂऱԫႈޏ଀Δڼ؆ࡸڶᐘࢤᓳᖞ඄ᓰழၴΕឩՕᙇଥᓰ࿓Εࠌش೫ඒޗ ࿛ᓰ࿓۞׌ޏ଀Ζڇ ˅˃˃ˇ ڣ֮ઝઊऱᓳ਷խΔ٤ֲءኔਜᓰ࿓ޏ଀ऱຟሐࢌᗼඒࡡ ᄎբሒ ˋˉˁˊʸΔ᮫ۖؑޘᐋ్ऱඒࡡᄎঞڶ ˉˊˁ˅ʸኔਜᖂீᓰ࿓۞׌ޏ଀ΰ᛺ض֮ႂΔ ˅˃˃ˉαΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ۟࣍ڇԳࠃፖቃጩֱ૿ΔԳࠃᦞ׌૞ਢچֱඒࡡᄎऱ៭ຂΔԳࠃฆ೯ऱഗᄷط รԲ్ऱຟሐࢌᗼ๻مΖڇᠾᆙ৵ΔՈױᨃீ९ڇ࿇୶ᖂீ௽ۥऱ଺ঞՀΔಾኙீ փඒஃԳࠃऱ಻ᆜ༼ࠎრߠΰچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄร ˆˉΕˆˌ යαΖڼ؆ຝٝچֱቸ᧯੷ ۟ංנԱψᖂீඒஃֆၲጉᆤωऱֱூΔᨃԳࠃױא಻ٽீ९ऱඒߛ෻࢚֗ᖂீऱ ᆖᛜֱಾΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ڇቃጩֱ૿Δխ՛ᖂீऱቃጩፖࠡה۩ਙᖲዌԫᑌΔઃᆜ࣍ԫ౳ᄎૠഗᄷհՀΔ ٺᖂீءࠐ༉ᣄڶ۞׌ဪၦᦞΔྥۖڇޏ଀ՕႨऱᦀࠌհՀΔֲءຝٝඒࡡᄎւ๺ ᖂீܓشڕ ˄ˁʳ ״ၲቃጩᒳ፹ֆᦫᄎΔᦫ࠷ᖂீᏁ૞Ι˅ˁᤂൻॺਐࡳشຜऱᆖ၄Ιˆˁ

(13)

༼೏ױطீ९ဪၦࠌشհᆖ၄Ιˇˁറூᇖܗᖂீച۩௽ࡳඒᖂૠ྽࿛ֱڤᨃᖂீڇऄ ๵଱๺ऱᒤ໮փᐘࢤሎشቃጩΰؑضඕհፖ಺մઔ܂Δ˅˃˃ˉαΖʳ

ΠȃᏰਮݽ౩ޟ዁Ԓġ

ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ូ౏ᑛભኔਜ ˦˕ˠ ൣݮΔࠡᖂீए෻ױא։੡ ˄ˁீ९൳ࠫᑓڤΕ˅ˁറᄐ൳ࠫᑓ ڤΔˆˁष೴൳ࠫᑓڤፖ ˇˁ݁ᘝ൳ࠫᑓڤ࿛؄ጟΰࣥሸཕΔ˅˃˃˃αΖࢬᘯ൳ࠫᑓڤΔਐ ऱਢԫࢬᖂீڇኔਜءۯጥ෻ΕᦞԺՀ࣋հ৵Δࠡެ࿜ு֨ࢬ࿇سऱೣฝ෼ွΖࠏ ڕറᄐ൳ࠫᑓڤז।ऱਢᖂீڇኔਜ ˦˕ˠ ৵Δඒஃڇᖂீࠃ೭Ղ࠷൓ለڶԺհ࿇ߢ چۯΔᇠீՕຝٝऱए෻ਢطඒஃࠐ೚ެࡳΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ֲءᖂீޏ଀ڇए෻ᑓڤՂ࿇سऱ᧢֏ΔڇழၴՂଈ٣๯༼נऱਢൎ֏ீ९Ꮖ ᖄ౨Ժऱޏ଀Δ٦ࠐਢ๻مீփऱ៭୉ᄎᤜΙ൷ထਢኔਜ༼ࠎீ९एீழ৬ߢऱψᖂ ீေᤜ୉ࠫ৫ωΔ່ۖ२ԫႈޏ଀ঞਢ๻مԫଡۯၸ೏࣍ீ९Δ૤ຂᐉᤜீ९༼נऱ ீ೭ૠ྽່֗ึެ࿜ऱψᖂீᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎʽˊ ωΖڇ։ᦞޏ଀հছΔீ೭ऱ່৵ެ࿜ृ ੡ீ९Δᙟထٺଡޏ଀ֱூឩՕඒஃΕ୮९੷۟ਢष೴ԳՓऱ೶ፖᖲᄎհ৵Δீ९ ࡉܓ୭ᣂএृऱߡۥ։ᎾڶԱ᠏᧢Δᖂீऱए෻ףԵԱ۞एऱڂైΔࠡए෻ᑓڤՈ ࿇س᧢֏ΖՕຝٝऱᖂீආ۩ऱீ९൳ࠫᑓڤឈྤᏣ௺᠏᧢Δ܀ڂߓ٨ޏ଀ऱං೯Δ ൎ֏Աீ९൳ࠫऱய࣠Ιຝٝᖂீऱए෻ᑓڤٍڶቫᇢ࢓ष೴൳ࠫ᧢ᔢऱ෼ွΖא Հ౿։ܑಘᓵඒ៭୉ᄎᤜΕᖂீေᤜ୉֗ᖂீᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎڇᖂீए෻Ղऱޏ᧢Ζʳ ΰԫαඒ៭୉ᄎᤜΰ̆̇˴˹˹ʳ̀˸˸̇˼́˺Εֲ֮ጠ੡ψ៭୉ᄎᤜωαʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ٺ్ᖂீطீ९ΕඒᙰΕඒ៭୉࿛ิګऱඒ៭୉ᄎᤜڇᖵ׾Ղ଺ء༉ژڇΔ׽ ਢऄ๵Ղྤࣔᒔհ๻ᆜ๵ࡳΖࠡڇ ˅˃˃˃ ڣᖂீඒߛऄਜ۩าঞଥإ৵Δإڤऱ࠷൓ ऄऱچۯΰխ؇ඒߛᐉᤜᄎΔ˄ˌˌˋαΖᖂீඒߛऄਜ۩าঞร ˅ˆ යร ˅ ႈ๵ࡳΚψ՛ ᖂڇ๻ᆜृࢬࡳհՀΔ੡ࠌீ९౨Ⴝᄶച۩ࠡ៭೭Δ൓๻ᆜඒ៭୉ᄎᤜωΖ൷ထΔٵ ऄร ˅ʳ ཱིխԾ๵ࡳΚψඒ៭୉ᄎᤜطீ९׌୬ωΖឈྥՂ૪ඒ៭୉ᄎᤜऱ๻ᆜ๵ࡳ٨ ࣍ψ՛ᖂωີᆏհփΔլመٺ్ඒࡡᄎՕીຘመᓳᖞᖂீጥ෻๵ঞΔᨃ೏խΕխᖂ ၸ੄ຟ๻ڶඒ៭୉ᄎᤜΖʳ ඒ៭୉ᄎᤜऱۯၸࡉפ౨ڇऄ๵ଥإᅝॣམڶመՕ༏ऱಘᓵΔڶᎁ੡ඒ៭୉ᄎᤜհ ۯၸᚨ೏࣍ீ९Δᖑڶ່৵ऱެ࿜ᦞृΰᤜެᖲᣂᓵαΕՈڶᎁ੡ඒ៭୉ᄎᤜᚨᇠਢ ீփऱรԫޡެ࿜໢ۯΔૉீ९ᎁױࠡެ࿜Δঞ່৵طீ९೚່৵᜔ެΔૉܡΔঞ ಯڃૹᤜΙٍڶᎁ੡ඒ៭୉ᄎᤜ׽ਢ༼ࠎீ९ए෻հ೶ەΰ᎖ܗᖲᣂᓵαΰဏޘࢉ㬔Δ ˅˃˃ˋαΖྥۖψඒ៭୉ᄎᤜ੡່೏ᤜެᖲᣂωऱ׌്ೈࣂᤛئऄΰᖂீඒߛऄαհ๵

(14)

ࡳΚψீ९៭׹ீ೭Ε጑ᅮࢬ᥆៭୉ωΰร ˅ˋ යร ˆ ႈα؆Δא࢓׌്ඒ៭୉ᄎᤜ੡ ່೏ᤜެᖲᣂऱֲءඒஃቸ᧯ΰֲԳ១ጠ੡ֲඒิα৵ࠐՈଥإࠡ׌്Δڂڼऄ๵ ଥإ৵Δඒ៭୉ᄎᤜڇए෻Ղ׽ਢԫଡ༼ࠎீ९एீ৬ߢऱ᎖ܗᖲᣂΔீ९ए෻ऱ ൳ࠫᑓڤࠀྤڍՕޏ᧢Ζ܀ऄࠫ֏հ৵ऱඒ៭୉ᄎᤜٍ౨༼ࠎඒஃ࿇ߢ़ၴΔኙ࣍ ீփඒߛऱ۞एΔᖑڶൎ֏ऱய࣠Ζʳ ΰԲαᖂீေᤜ୉ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ψᖂீေᤜ୉ωਢ ˅˃˃˃ ڣᖂீඒߛऄਜ۩าঞଥإழᄅᏺऱࠫ৫Δࠡࡉ៭୉ᄎ ᤜԫᑌΔઃ੡༼ࠎீ९ए෻೶ەհᖲᣂΖᇠऄร ˅ˆ යร ˆ ႈ๵ࡳΚψ՛ᖂڇ๻ᆜृ ࢬࡳհՀΔ൓๻ᆜᖂீေᤜ୉ωΖڇรԲཱིխԾ๵ࡳΚψᖂீေᤜ୉Δᚨீ९հᓮΔ ױຫ૪ᣂ࣍ᖂீᛜሎհრߠωΖۖᖂீေᤜ୉ऱࠐᄭঞ࣍รԿཱིխڶ๵ࡳΔՕીՂਢ ᝮᓮኙඒߛڶറᄐࡉᢝߠऱ؆੺ԳՓΔᆖீ९ං៺ΔطඒࡡᄎإڤٚࡎΖؾছֲء ऱխᖂΕ೏խࡉ௽ඒᖂீٍױ๻ᖂீေᤜ୉Δڇ ˅˃˃ˉ ڣऱᓳ਷խΔ٤ֲءբڶ ˋ˅ˁˆʸ ऱֆمᖂீ๻مᇠࠫ৫ΰ֮ຝઝᖂઊΔ˅˃˃ˉαΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ᖂீေᤜ୉ࠫ৫ऱ๻ૠ׌૞ਢᨃࠡ܂੡֘ਠ୮९ࢨष೴რߠऱጥሐΔٵழٍױ ຘመᖂீေᤜ୉ञ࠷ष೴ᇷᄭኙᖂீऱᾄࣹΖਢਚΔࠉ๵ࡳࠡԳᙇױאࠐ۞୮९Ε ष೴ᣂ֨ඒߛऱԳՓࢨषඒቸ᧯࿛ΰ֮ຝઝᖂઊΔ˅˃˃ˇαΙۖࠡ֘ਠऱփ୲Օڍᑇਢ ᣂ࣍ᖂீፖष೴յܗΕᖂீऱഗءؾᑑΕඒߛֱಾ֗ᖂீေᦸ࿛ࠃࡵΖՕຝٝऱֆ مᖂீޢڣ״ၲ ˅ˀˆ ڻᄎᤜᦫ࠷ᖂீေᤜ୉հრߠΔۖඒஃࡉ୮९ऱრߠՈױאຘመ ࠡז੡ႚሒΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ط࣍ᖂீေᤜ୉ԫ៭ᣊۿᖂீऱψ᥽ംωΔਢܡᦫ࠷᥽ംऱრߠΔ૞ᦫୌֱ૿ऱ რߠΰᇩᠲ๻ࡳᦞα݁طீ९ެࡳΔڂڼսਢࡳۯ੡ீ९ऱ᎖ܗߡۥΖڇᖂீए෻ ՂΔᖂீေᤜ୉ऱ๻ᆜࠀྤޏ᧢଺ڶऱீ९൳ࠫᑓڤΔ܀א۞एऱᨠរࠐ઎Δ੡Ա ֧ၞष೴࿛؆ຝᇷᄭΔءࠫ৫ऱ๻ૠؚၲԱᖂீࡉ؆ຝऱᄮຏጥሐΔீ९ڇᘬᇬհ խࢬᦫ࠷ऱრߠլ٦٤طඒஃࢨ୮९ࠐ।ሒΔᝫףԵԱ؆੺ऱᜢଃΔڼࠫ৫Ոױီ ੡ᙟ৵ኔਜհᖂீᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎऱছᖄ๻ૠΖʳ ΰԿαᖂீᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎΰֲԳጠ੡ ˶̂̀̀̈́˼̇̌ʳ̆˶˻̂̂˿αʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ᖂீᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎऱऄᄭਢڇ ˅˃˃ˇ ڣچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄଥૡழڇร ˇˊ යร ˈ ႈࢬᄅ ᏺऱࠫ৫Ζᇠऄ඄ᦞچֱඒࡡᄎ൓ਐࡳࢨ࠷௣ᖂீ๻ᆜᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎΔ࠰ᤜᄎࡡ୉ऱ ขسࠐ۞ᖂீࢬڇष೴ऱࡺاΕᖂس୮९ࢨࠡהඒߛࡡ୉ᄎᎁױऱԳՓΔࠀطඒߛ ࡡ୉ᄎٚࡎΖ๻ڶᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎऱᖂீΔࠡீ९ࢬ೚ऱீ೭ഗءֱಾΕᖂீᆖᛜૠ྽Ε

(15)

ᓰ࿓ૠ྽࿛ઃᏁᆖመᇠᄎऱ່৵ࢭᎁֱױച۩Δऄ๵ࡸ๵ࡳ࠰ᤜᄎࡡ୉ኙᇠீऱඒ ៭୉ٚ܍ڶ৬ᤜᦞΔ׊ඒࡡᄎ଺ঞՂᚨ༇ૹࠡრߠΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ڇሎ܂ֱ૿Δᖂீᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎႛڇՕጼՂၞ۩ࢭᎁऱ֫ᥛΔֲൄீ೭ऱᆖᛜս ᥆ீ९ᦞຂΔഄ࠰ᤜᄎऱۯၸ೏࣍ீ९Δࠡױ֘ਠᖂீऱ۞एឩՕ۟ீ९֗ඒ៭୉ א؆ऱष೴ࡡ୉Εᖂீए෻ᑓڤՈขسष೴൳ࠫऱۥ൑Δࢨᎅਢீ९ए෻ؘႊەᐞ ष೴ऱრٻΔא֗ኙ؆ຝၞ۩ᎅࣔΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ྥۖΔᖂீᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎऱࠫ৫ս᥆ᄅ๻Δ౨ܡཏ֗ࠀ࿇ཀࠡפ౨սီچֱඒࡡ ᄎऱ֭਍ፖܡۖࡳΖڼ؆լٵऱچֱ۞एቸ᧯ᚵࡳऱᖂீᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎ๵ঞլٵΔࠏ ڕኙࡡ୉ऱขسֱڤΕԳᑇΕٚཚፖ౨ܡᖑڶԳࠃ৬ᤜᦞ࿛ઃڶլٵհ๵ࡳΔඒࡡ ᄎڇࠡᝤփਐࡳᖂீ๻ᆜᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎऱீᑇՈီࠡ๵྽ۖڶ஁ฆΖᖞ᧯ࠐᎅΔڇ ˅˃˃ˇˀ˅˃˃ˉ ڣऱԿڣၴΔץܶբ๻ࡉᄷໂխऱᖂீΔ٤ֲء੡ ˆˆˌ ࢬΔ։ཋڇٺᗼΔ ႛ۾٤ഏ᜔ீᑇֺࠏլࠩ ˃ˁˈʸΰ֮ຝઝᖂઊΔ˅˃˃ˉαΖࡉᖂீေᤜ୉ऱ๻ᆜሒࠩԶګ ڍઌለΔڼԫᄅࠫآ౨߰ຒං୶հڂΔࠏڕᄅए෻ᑓڤፖႚอᖂீᆖᛜิ៣ऱᓢડΕ ࡡ୉ऱറᄐवᢝፖᐉᤜփ୲ംᠲ࿛ଖ൓෡Ե൶ಘΖʳ

ӂȃРҏఀى՗ࢇڙ࡙ᙽᡐᇄ८ཱིᄇר୽ޟంҰġ

ኙᅃֲءඒߛ۞एࡉ։ᦞऱ࿇୶ፖᖂீᆖᛜޏ଀ױא࿇෼Δݺഏࡉֲءڇઌᣂ ऱޏ଀ՂΔࡐྥڂլٵऱᖵ׾હནࡉඒߛऱ࿇୶౧࿮ۖڶࢬ஁ฆΔ܀२ڣං۩ᖂீ ۞׌ᆖᛜޏ଀ऱ೯ٻঞ੡ԫીΖ٦ၞԫޡ։࣫ݮګࠟഏޏ଀ֱٻऱ٥ຏڂైΔױא ࿇෼ڇඒߛऱا׌֏Εᄅ۞ط׌ᆠऱᐙ᥼Εഏاኙඒߛᦞऱყףૹီፖඒߛ೶ፖऱ ኪ৫༼೏࿛Δᚨਢআګڼԫंޏ଀ऱ٥ڂΖጵٽՂ૪ֲءூࠏհေ࣫Δء֮ᖞ෻נ אՀױࠎಘᓵհᑇរΔ܂੡ݺഏڇඒߛ࿇୶ՂհඔقΖ

Ιȃี৤໦ࢲᇄݲೣڙ࡙ޟ৯౴ġ

ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ֲءڶᣂඒߛ۞एࡉ։ᦞऱං୶Δᆖء֮Ղ૪Δױאូ౏ڇழၴរՂ։੡ψန ॕཚωΕψႃᦞཚωፖψᑷ࿮ཚωԿଡၸ੄Ζኙᅃݺഏඒߛ۞एࡉ։ᦞ࿇୶אᇞᣤΕ چֱࠫ৫ऄࠫࡳΕඒߛޏ଀ऱ੒ᑣཚΰ׆ᣝႆΔ˅˃˃ˊα܂੡೴ሶΔױא࿇෼ֲءऱ ছࠟଡၸ੄ڂ੡ਙएՂऱا׌֏࿇୶ለڰऱڂైΔࢬ࿇سཚၴለݺഏ੡٣ΙรԿၸ ੄ऱ࿇سঞٵ࠹٤෺֏ፖᑛભඒޏᑪੌऱᐙ᥼ΖኙֲءࠐᎅΔٺၸ੄հၴऱ᠏ངࠀ ྤᖵᆖᏣ௺ऱਙए೯ᘒΔࠡመ࿓ለ੡ؓࡉΙۖݺഏڇᇞᣤհ৵षᄎ৺ຒऱا׌֏Δ

(16)

ඒߛऱ࿇୶ࡉٺႈޏ଀אଆݶऱຒ৫ංၞΔਢለ੡լٵऱહནΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ڇऄ๵๵ᒤֱ૿Δֲء෼۩ڶᣂඒߛ۞ए։ᦞऱऄ๵ೈᖆऄ؆Δᝫڶඒߛഗء ऄΕچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄΕچֱ۞एऄΕᖂீඒߛऄא֗ٺ۞एቸ᧯ࠫࡳऱᖂீጥ෻๵ ঞ࿛Ιݺഏऱઌᣂऄ๵ঞڶඒߛഗءऄΕچֱࠫ৫ऄΕഏاඒߛऄፖඒߛᆖ၄ᒳ٨ ፖጥ෻ऄΰஊ࣐ߊΔ˅˃˃ˋαΖኙᅃऄऱۯၸࡉࢤᔆࠐ઎Δֲء๵ᒤඒࡡᄎፖᖂீ࠰ᤜ ᄎิ៣ऱچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄΔᨃඒߛ۩ਙऱऄ෻ࠉᖕઌኙࢤለ೏Δ׊ᖂீ۞׌։ᦞऱ ኔਜ֮ࣔ٨Եऄ๵փΔࠡۯၸٍለٺጟאࡎח࿇ؒऱޏ଀ֱூ੡೏Ζڇࠫ৫ֱ૿Δ ֲءඒߛ۩ਙऱࠫ৫੡Կ్ࠫΔݺഏڇ壄ઊհ৵੡ګ੡ኔᔆऱխ؇ፖچֱԲ్ࠫΔ ױवֲءऱࠫ৫ڇሎ܂Ղለ੡ᓤᠧΔ܀Կ్ඒࡡᄎڇ։ᦞޏ଀৵֘ۖ౨ࠉچֱ௽ۥ ڇ۩ਙՂ܂ᐘࢤᓳᖞΖآࠐݺഏڇᆵኔඒߛ۞ए։ᦞፖ෡֏ᖂீءۯጥ෻ழΔऄࠫ ֏ऱՠ܂լױᝩ܍Δ׊ඒߛܓ୭ᣂএृऱ೶ፖګٝՈᏁࣔૡאޣႉܓሎ܂Ζ

Πȃఀىݽ౩౩܈ᇄᄂ୛ޟဣ৯ġ

ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ඒߛψطᓴࠐए෻ωࢨψطᓴࠐอएωΛඒߛए෻ᐙ᥼ऱਢڇ۞एፖ։ᦞऱኔ ਜՂΔ౨ܡᨃඒߛऱܓ୭ᣂএृᆖطڶრᆠፖኔᔆऱ೶ፖΔ༼֒଺ءཚৱऱඒߛ঴ ᔆΖڇψխ؇ፖچֱ݁ᦞωऱݺഏΔิ៣࿨ዌ฾ክאᖫࣤणઝᐋิ៣੡ਮዌΔڇए ෻ृՂΔݺഏऱඒߛຝ९Օڍਢᖑڶඒߛહནऱਙ೭ࡴΙچֱٺᗼؑऱඒߛݝ९ೈ ່२ڂچֱࠫ৫ऄऱֆؒΔᗼؑଈ९ױאᖲ૞៭ਙएٚࡎ؆Δԫ౳ઃᙅֆ೭Գ୉ٚ شᇷ௑ขسΖጵٽࠐ઎Δݺഏඒߛए෻ऱ௽ۥױאشψઝᐋ᧯ࠫωፖψറ୮ए෻ω ࠐז।Ζʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ֲۖءऱ෼उਢ֮ઝઊऱՕ۝ԫ៭طഏᄎᤜ୉ଫٚΔԯਙएٚࡎΙچֱऱඒࡡ ᄎࡡ୉ឈ׽ኙඒߛਙ࿜ၞ۩ެ࿜ΔኔᎾሎ܂ٌطറ୮ऱඒߛ९ࡉࠃ೭ݝ๠෻Δ܀ඒ ߛ९ऱٚࡎᏁᆖଈ९ऱං៺֗ᤜᄎऱٵრΔڂڼඒߛ९ԫ៭լ܀ਢਙएٚࡎٍ࠹ا რհ጑ᅮΖڇᖂீᐋ్Δኔਜᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎऱᖂீΔࠡீ९ऱएீֱಾᏁ࠹࠰ᤜᄎு ױΔࠡए෻ᑓڤױאਢष೴൳ࠫΔՈױאਢറ୮ΰீ९αፖైԳऱ։ࠆᑓڤΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ྥۖΔਙए൳ࠫऱए෻ᑓڤឈྥ౨֘ᚨඒߛᦞऱᖑڶृࠆڶ೶ፖඒߛࠃ೭ެ࿜ ऱᦞԺΔ܀ࠡ౨ܡࠠໂߩജऱ౨Ժڂᚨֲ᝟ᓤᠧऱඒߛᄐ೭Εڇᄎᤜխऱ࿇ߢ౨ܡ ࠠڶז।ࢤ࿛ઃژጊംΔֲءऱඒࡡᄎګ੡੡ඒߛ९ਜਙऱહ஼ᖲᣂΕᖂீᛜሎ࠰ ᤜᄎګ੡ಘᓵጅᅷൊ೭ऱิ៣Δኙᅃݺഏऱඒߛ۩ਙԳ୉ࠠໂඒߛહནऱֺࠏດዬ ྇֟Δڶཏຏ۩ਙ֏հ෼ွΕٺᗼؑඒߛᐉᤜᄎऱפ౨լ്ΰஊ࣐ߊΔ2008α࿛Δ ඒߛए෻ೈڶ෻უፖ෼ኔऱ஁၏؆Δެ࿜࿨ዌऱ๻ࡳΰܓ୭ᣂএृਢႛ೶ፖᝫਢၞ Եு֨α࿛ംᠲଖ൓חԳઊ৸Ζآࠐݺഏࡵڇ෼۩ࠫ৫ՂΔᛀಘඒߛݝፖඒߛᐉᤜ

(17)

ᄎऱפ౨֗ࡳۯΕڇඒߛ۩ਙԳ୉ऱٚشՂڃូඒߛറᄐऱ૞ޣΔᨃඒߛऱए෻ፖ ۞ए։ᦞ౨࠷൓ؓᘝ᧯෼Δא༼֒࠹ཚৱऱඒߛ঴ᔆΖ

έȃᏰਮ᠌Ψ๖ᄺޟᙽᡐġ

ං۩ඒߛऱ۞एፖ։ᦞΔೈڇඒߛ۩ਙิ៣Ղ൅ࠐਮዌࡉפ౨ऱ᠏ང؆Δ֧ၞ ܓ୭ᣂএृऱ೶ፖΔٍᖄીᖂீᦞԺ࿨ዌऱૹิࡉิ៣ᖲ౨ऱ᠏᧢Ζطֲءऱூࠏ ᨠհΔڇਝڶऱጥ෻ၸᐋՂΔீ९ਢ່׌૞ऱு֨Δࠡڻਢ೫ீ९ࢨඒᙰ࿛Δඒஃ ፖ୮९ঞլࠠެ࿜چۯΖ܀ڇᖂீ۞ए։ᦞޏ଀հ৵Δඒஃױאڇඒ៭୉ᄎᤜՂ࿇ ᜢΔࢨಜᖂீေᤜ୉ႚሒΔڇ๻ڶᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎऱᖂீࡸױאຘመ࠰ᤜᄎࡡ୉।ሒΙ ୮९ऱߡۥΔೈܓشא࢓ऱ ˣ˧˔ΰᘣஃ࠰ᄎα᎖ܗᖂீᆖᛜհ؆Δຘመᖜٚᖂீေ ᤜ୉ࢨ࠰ᤜᄎࡡ୉ΔޓױឩՕኙᖂீࠃ೭࿇ߢᦞԺΖ׼؆Δא࢓׽౨אᖂس୮९ߪ ٝթױᣂ֨ᖂீࠃ೭ऱष೴ԳՓΔ෼ޓױܓشᖂீေᤜ୉ࢨ࠰ᤜᄎࡡ୉࠷൓ኙᖂீ ٽऄऱ৬ߢᦞΔإڤ܂੡ܓ୭ᣂএृऱԫٝ՗Ζʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ᖂீᦞԺ࿨ዌطא࢓ऱ໢ٻ֭಻᠏ۖګ੡ڍցፖյ೯ऱᣂএΔࠡإ૿ܗ墿ೈൎ ᓳඒߛᦞऱ։ࠆፖ۞एΕ۞׌ެࡳΔא֗ױܓشԳԺΕष೴ᇷᄭ৬مᆖᛜ௽ۥ؆Δ ࡸᚨࣹრࠏڕඒஃࡉ୮९Εष೴ԳՓࡉඒஃઌյհၴܓ墿ऱᓢડΔא֗ॺ᥆ඒߛᐋ ૿ऱլᅝտԵΖࠡխ່ଖ൓൶ಘऱਢլژڇݺഏऱψष೴ԳՓ೶ፖωԫႈΔڕ۶ᙇ ࠷ኙඒߛࠠڶᑷݵΕറᄐહནवᢝא֗౨༼ࠎᖂீ᠆༄ᇷᄭऱष೴ԳՓࡡ୉Δਢࠡ ԫՕਗᖏΔ܀ૉࢬٚࡎऱࡡ୉რቹᆖط೶ፖᖂீࠃ೭Δאᛧ࠷ଡԳᠰ؆ܓ墿Δঞᄎ ທګᖂீᆖᛜՂऱٲᖲΖʳ ʳ ʳ ݺഏא࢓ڇၞ۩ᖂீ۩ਙޏ଀ழΔࢬࣹૹऱਢඒஃᦞ墿ऱঅᎽፖ୮९೶ፖߡۥ ऱ༼֒Δឈྥመ࿓խທګᖂீᦞԺ࿨ዌ᠏᧢ऱᓢᚰΔ܀Ոᇢထڇ۩ਙΕඒஃፖ୮९ ऱյ೯ၴ࠷൓ؓᘝΖഄվֲڇ৬مᖂீᙄᖂ௽ۥऱ࿇୶հՀΔڕ౨಻ٽष೴ᅝچය ٙΔࠀ࠷൓֭਍Δঞޓڶܗ࣍ᖂீ௽ۥऱݮګΖڂڼآࠐڇष೴ԳՓ೶ፖᖂீࠃ೭ ሎ܂ֱ૿Δଖ൓ݔ࿳๵྽Δאᝩ܍ขسՂ૪ኤጤΖʳ

Ѳȃఀىਝݎौԃդᡛᜌġ

ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ඒߛ۞एࡉ։ᦞឈየߩԱඒޏᑪੌࡉا׌೶ፖऱ৸ᑪΔྥۖ൓ࠩᦞԺऱԫֱ૞ ༼֒Δࢨृ۟֟অᎽᆖᛜऱ঴ᔆΙ඄ፖᦞԺऱԫֱ૞ڕ۶ᛀᢞ։ᦞऱګ࣠੡ψړω թਢംᠲऱு֨Ζאᖂீߡ৫ࠐ઎Δᖂீڇᛧ൓Ա଺ء޲ڶऱ۞׌ᦞழΔਢܡᖜ֨ ڼ৵Ꮑᗑ۞૤ᖜᆖᛜհګඓΔച۩ขسܺᣄழױܡٻ଺ءऱਐᖄृѧՂ్ᓮޣਬጟ

(18)

ݮڤऱ࠰ܗΛʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ؾছֲءऱֱڤਢ៶ᇷಛऱֆၲࡉൎ֏ᎅࣔຂٚࠐᛀီඒߛऱய࣠Δُࠡᅃ᠔ ᛭Ղψܫवٵრΰ˼́˹̂̅̀˸˷ʳ ˶̂́̆˸́̇αωऱֱڤΔٍܛڇኙఐ൛ए᛭հছΔ٣堚ᄑᎅࣔ ఐणΕए᛭ऱٲᙠࢤፖګפए័ऱᖲ෷࿛Δਢԫጟഗ࣍ఐ൛۞׌ΰ̃˴̇˼˸́̇ʳ˴̈̇̂́̂̀̌α ଺ঞᙇᖗए᛭ֱऄऱֱڤΰ႕സᕬΔ˄ˌˌˌΙ˘ˀ̀˸˷˼˶˼́˸ʳ ˻˸˴˿̇˻ʳ ˸˷ˁʿʳ ˅˃˃ˌαΖڇඒߛՂऱ ኔᎾሎشঞਢඒߛࡡ୉ᄎڇᤜᄎኙԳاᎅࣔᆖᛜऱणउΕீ९ലᖂீऱڣ৫ؾᑑኙ ܓ୭ᣂএृ܂ᎅࣔΔڇ࠷൓ٵრհ৵Δ٦୶ၲඒߛ੒೯Δڼ੡ڇࠃছऱᎅࣔΖڇࠃ ৵ΔֲءঞຘመኔਜေᦸΔࠀᖕאኙ؆ֆؒګ࣠Ζʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ᅝྥֲءऱ֮ઝઊኙچֱඒࡡᄎΔچֱඒࡡᄎኙᖂீᝫڶ๺ڍױאআࠌࠡψ࿇ཀ ய࣠ωऱֱऄΔࠏڕຘመᆖ၄ऱᇖܗΔਐᖄፖᣠܫऱሎش࿛Ζྥ׈Գኙ࣍࿨࣠঴ᔆ ऱ૞ޣΔբࠌඒߛՂऱ۞ए։ᦞขسլױಭऱ᠏᧢Δڼ᠏᧢ٍ൓ࠩਙएԺၦऱ֭਍Δ چֱࡉᖂீྤऄ٦ڂ੹᥈૤ຂۖ፷ߩլছΔࢨਢ׌೯ऱല൓ࠩऱဪၦᦞ٦ψࡡಜω ڃՂ్๠෻Ζઌ֘ऱΔڇᤁञፖᙇᖗ೏ཆऱழזΔஞנױᛀᢞऱ࿨࣠թਢᆖᛜऱߜ ֱΖʳ

ചȃ๖፣ġ

ʳ ʳ ᆖطء֮אՂኙֲءඒߛ۞एፖ։ᦞऱ࿇୶Δא֗ڇᖂீᆖᛜޏ଀ऱᓵ૪խױ א࿇෼Δֲءऱඒߛ۞एፖ։ᦞऱ࿇୶ၸ੄ՂΔឈᖵᆖլٵऱழཚऱ࿇୶Δྥࠡኙ ᖂ੺ፖاრኙ۞एፖ։ᦞऱᓵञࢨ૞ޣࠀآೖᄢΖֲԳኙ଺෻଺ঞऱഒ਍ංࡳএط ࣍ኙᖏඓऱ֘ઊ֗ᖏ৵ඒߛࠫ৫ऱ๻ૠΔࠌ൓ࠡڇψᓴᖑڶඒߛᦞωऱᤜᠲՂԫऴ ֘៿ऱၞ۩৸᥯ፖᓵञࢬીΖڼહན߉אچֱඒࡡᄎ଺ءএ੡অᎽԳاऱඒߛ೶ፖ ֗ඒߛխمլ࠹ਙएե௫ۖ๻Δڂڼኙඒߛ۞एऱ൶ಘՈ਍ᥛԱ२ ˉ˃ ڣڶ塒Ζڰཚ ։ᦞሎ೯ࡸآං୶ழΔբڶ壆ڕᖂீ۞एᓵऱ༼נፖ៶طኙඒࡡᄎኔਜอԫᖂྒྷհ ္๼ࠐ֧ᢞψլࣚլᅝհ֭಻ωհࠃ෻࿛ऎ଀Ι່ۖ२Δچֱඒߛፖᖂீऱ۞एΔ ٦৫ڂ੡։ᦞޏ଀ۖ࠹ࠩૹီΖʳ ʳ ʳ ᘝ壆։ᦞޏ଀ছऱ۞ए૞ޣএഗ࣍අๅࡴቛอࠫऱޔᗻΔۖᑷ࿮ཚऱޏ଀ঞܶ ڶ۞طፖ࠱။ऱழזᏝଖΖ׈Գኙ࣍ඒߛ౨ܡഛߛڇ٤෺ᆖᛎՀऱᔞࢤԳթڶ৺֊ ऱཚඨΔ៶طඒߛऱ೶ፖᦞԺࠐ।ሒཚৱऱ೚ऄঞਢٺഏԫીऱΖطભഏ ˄ˌˋˆ ڣψ˔ʳ ́˴̇˼̂́ʳ˴̇ʳ̅˼̆˾ω໴ܫ஼࿇।հ৵ၞ۩ऱޏ଀Εֲء ˅˃˃˃ ڣၞ۩ऱچֱ։ᦞޏ଀Εݺഏ ࣍԰Ϥڣזأཚၲࡨऱඒߛᠾᆙፖޏ଀࿛ࠐ઎Δઃױ࿇෼ኙψඒߛᦞωऱࡳᆠڇழ זऱංၞՀ٦৫࠹ࠩ᧷ؾΖʳ

(19)

ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ഄ։ᦞޏ଀հ৵ࢬ࿇سऱΔਢԫଡඒߛߓอΕᦞԺਮዌऱ٦։಻෼ွΔڇᄅඒ ߛ੔ࠢΰ̃˴̅˴˷˼˺̀αݮګא۟ݙګհၴΔᏁ૞ழၴऱᇢᎄፖިᖸΰ˙̂̊˿˸̅Δ˅˃˃ˋαΖਝ ڶࡴቛᖲ౨ऱ᠏ীΕ۞ए։ᦞࠃႈऄࠫ֏ऱᓳᖞΕറᄐԳՓ౨Ժऱ༼֒Ε٦ףՂڂ ਙएԺၦፖؑ໱଺෻ᖄીऱᓢᚰΔլႛඒߛߓอءߪΔඒߛ۩ਙᖲዌΕᖂீፖܓ୭ ᣂএृຟᇢቹڇ኷౉Հ༈ޣؓᘝΖޏ଀ֱூऱګඓፖඒߛߓอऱੌ೯࿛ࡐྥڇਬֱ ૿ࢵીޅܒΔ܀ٵழՈਢڇ໌ທԫଡᄅऱৈᖲΖʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ʳ ࠃኔՂֲء२ཚڇඒߛ۞ए։ᦞऱޏ଀ՀΔڶޓڍቫᇢፖาຝऱᓳᖞΔլٵچ ֱቸ᧯ࢬၞ۩ऱඒޏኔ᧭ޓਢྱᅓየؾΖഗ࣍ᒧ༏ࢬૻΔء֮׽ေۯၸለ೏ΔࠠՕ ֱٻࢤऱޏ଀ֱூΖྥᛀီֲءᘋದ࣍ٺၸ੄Εٺچ೴ऱޏ଀ᑪੌΔլإਢٱᢞԱ ࠡඒޏऱ։ࣴΕڍցፖսآ᡹ࡳऱ෼णΛ۞एፖ։ᦞࢨ๺׽ਢᅝվழזၸ੄ࢤऱ૞ ޣΔآࠐऱඒߛԾᄎ૿ᜯᄅऱਗᖏΔڇຍհՀΔኙֲءඒޏ਍ᥛऱᣂࣹፖኙ۞ալ ឰऱઊ৸Δۿ׏թਢڇՕᛩቼ౧೯հՀ౨ፖழଟၞऱཕृΖʳ

୤ՃМᝦġ

׆ᣝႆΰ˅˃˃ˊαΖچֱඒߛए෻ᑓڤ։࣫Ζඒߛਙ࿜ᓵᕽΔ˄˃ ࠴ ˄ ཚΔ˄ˋˌˀ˅˅ˋ ଄Ζʳ ۩ਙೃඒߛޏ଀ᐉᤜࡡ୉ᄎΰ˄ˌˌˉαΖඒߛޏ଀᜔ᘬᤜ໴ܫ஼Ζ؀קؑˍʳ ܂ृΖʳ ܦ堚՞ፖམᛞ८ΰ˄ˌˌˈαΖᖂீءۯጥ෻ΖඒߛᇷறፖઔߒΔˇ ཚΔˉˇ ଄Ζʳ ࣥሸཕΰ˅˃˃˃αΖፕקؑഏا՛ᖂኔਜᖂீءۯጥ෻ፖඒஃՠ܂የრᣂএհઔߒΖፕ קؑمஃᒤᖂೃഏاඒߛઔߒࢬጚՓᓵ֮ΔآנठΖʳ ஊ࣐ߊΰ˅˃˃ˋαΖፕ᨜ඒߛޏ଀Εچֱ۞एፖഏاխ՛ᖂ۩ਙᣂএհ൶ߒΖඒߛ۩ਙ ፖေᦸᖂעΔรնཚΔˈˈˀˊˇ ଄Ζʳ խ؇ඒߛᐉᤜ㢸ΰ1998αΖխ؇ඒߛᐉᤜ㢸࿠عψվ৵圸چֱඒߛ۩ਙ圸ڇ坔ֱ圵圮 圎地ωΖ 2009 ڣ 12 ִ 01 ֲΔ࠷۞Κhttp://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/ chukyo/chukyo3/017/siryo/04060301/005/002.htm#top ֮ຝઝ䝤ઊΰ˅˃˃ˇαΖֆم䝤ீ圵圔圛坕䝤ீေ㧗圸㨗ਜ㦮उ֗圽䝤ீေᤜ୉圸๻ᆜ 㦮उΖ֮ຝઝ䝤㢔໴Δˇˉ 㢆ΖࣟࠇຟΚ܂ृΖʳ ֮ຝઝ䝤ઊΰ˅˃˃ˉαΖֆم䝤ீ圵圔圛坕䝤ீጟܑ䝤ீေᤜ୉圔坒圽ᣊۿࠫ৫圸๻ᆜ 㦮उΖ2009 ڣ 12 ִ 01 ֲΔ࠷۞Κhttp://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/houdou/19 /03/07032712 /001/003.pdf ֵضݛΰ˄ˌˋˆαΖඒߛ۩ਙऄᄅठΖࣟࠇຟΚߜ஼ཏ֗㢸Ζʳ ؑضඕհፖ಺մઔ܂ΰ˅˃˃ˉαΖඒߛ۩ਙ圸壆Ꮖ഑Κ䝤ீ㷣䧫Ζሉ࣍ࣾມࡉ堚ᒳΚඒ

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ߛ۩ਙ䝤Ζˈˇˀˉˇ ଄ΖࠇຟࢌΚ垠垎垬垵坢஼ࢪΖʳ ޜ଺ᇨ؄૴጑ଥΰ˅˃˃ˉ˴αΖۏ㧺ඒߛࠌᆏ㣒໴ܫ஼μรԫڻν૞ڱΖ˅˃˃ˊ ڣ৫ठؘ 㿽䝤ீ՛քऄΔˈˌˈˀˈˌˉ ଄ΖࣟࠇຟΚ࠰ٵנठΖʳ ޜ଺ᇨ؄૴጑ଥΰ˅˃˃ˉ˵αΖඒߛחΖ˅˃˃ˊ ڣ৫ठؘ㿽䝤ீ՛քऄΔˌˇˀˌˈ ଄ΖࣟࠇຟΚ ࠰ٵנठΖʳ ࡽءኧΰ˅˃˃ˌαΖඒߛ۩ਙ圸ࠫ৫Ζሉ࣍ࡽءኧ֗۸۸ֵ׹ᒳΚᄅ圡圎ழז圸ඒߛࠫ ৫圲㷣䧫Ε˄˅ˉˀ˄ˇˊ ଄ΖࠇຟࢌΚ垠垎 垵坢஼ࢪΖʳ ๜଺܌ߊΰ˅˃˃ˌαΖඒߛࡡ୉㢸ࠫ৫圸䭽৵ ˉ˃ ڣЁऄࠫ坜խ֨圵ЁΖሉֲ࣍ء䝤ீඒ ߛ䝤㢸ᒳΚᇷறᇞᎅѧ䝤ீඒߛ圸䅙׾垸෼㦮垸ᓰᠲΔ˄˃ˋˀ˄˅ˉ ଄ΖࣟࠇຟΚඒ ߛၲ䷦ઔߒࢬΖʳ ဏޘࢉ㬔ΰ˅˃˃ˋαΖ坎土圡圎ඒߛऄ๵圸儧坉ֱΖࣟࠇຟΚඒߛၲ䷦ઔߒࢬΖʳ ႕സᕬΰ˄ˌˌˌαΖඒߛ۩ਙ䝤ΖࣟࠇຟΚࡿं஼ࢋΖʳ ᛺ض֮ႂΰ˅˃˃ˉαΖᄅ圡圎ඒߛ۩ਙΖ۞م圲٥س圸ष㢸坜ؾਐ圡地ΖࣟࠇຟΚ團坑 圐圥圎Ζʳ

E-medicine health ed. (2009). Informed consent. Retrieved Dec 21, 2009, from: http://www.emedicinehealth.com/informed_consent/article_em.htm.

Fowler, F. C. (2008). Policy studies for educational leaders: An introduction, 3rd. NJ: Person Education.

Rotberg, I. C. ed. (2004). Balancing change and tradition in global education reform,

Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Education.

ߣຝġ

ု ˄Κ๵ᒤඒߛࡡ୉ᄎऱิ៣ፖ៭೭ऴ൷ऱऄ৳੡ඒߛࡡ୉ᄎऄΔࠡ੡ ˄ˌˇˋ ڣΰਟ ࡉ ˅ˆ ڣαࠫࡳΔᖵᆖ ˄ˋ ڻଥࡳ৵࣍ ˄ˌˈˉ ڣΰਟࡉ ˆ˄αᐒೈΖࠡ৵Δޏطچ ֱඒߛ۩ਙऄ๵ᒤඒߛࡡ୉ᄎհิ៣Ζʳ ု ˅Κچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄֲ֮੡ψچֱඒߛ۩ਙ圸ิ៣֗圽ሎ䧫圵䈅圣坕ऄ৳ωΖࠡࠫ ࡳऱહནದڂ࣍ᅝழਙ᤻೐ञፖඒߛࡡ୉ᄎֆᙇࠫ৫ኔਜመ࿓ऱ౒؈Δ੡ޣ ଫ᥽෻უፖ෼ኔΔࠀঅ਍ඒߛऱڜࡳፖխمࢤΔۖᐒೈඒߛࡡ୉ᄎऄΔࠫࡳ ᇠऄΖᇠऄࠫࡳհ৵Δֲءඒߛऱխ؇ႃᦞ᧯ࠫ਍ᥛ२ ˈ˃ ڣΔऴ۟ ˅˃˃ˇ ڣଥ ऄᆵኔᦞԺՀ࣋հ৵ࡨڶ᠏᧢Ζ׼ᇠऄټጠխ᤟ᚨ੡ψᣂ࣍چֱඒߛ۩ਙհ ิ៣ፖᛜሎհऄ৳ωΔء֮ەᐞഏԳ፿شհ฾ክΔ᤟੡چֱඒߛ۩ਙऄΖʳ

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ု ˆΚچֱඒߛࡡ୉ᄎऱ៭ᦞࠉچֱඒߛ۩ਙऄร ˅ˆ යհ๵ࡳΔՕીץܶڶΰ˄αᖂ ீඒߛઌᣂࠃ೭Εΰ˅αषᄎඒߛࠃ೭Εΰˆα֮֏ࠃ೭֗ΰˇα᧯ߛઌᣂࠃ೭࿛ ႈؾհጥ෻Δۖچֱଈ९ऱඒߛ៭ᦞঞڶΰ˄αՕᖂհጥ෻Εΰ˅αߏمᖂீհ ጥ෻Εΰˆαඒߛತขऱ࠷൓ፖ๠։ΕΰˇαૡمৈપΕ֗ΰˈαඒߛቃጩऱച۩ ៭ᦞΰဏޘࢉ৯Δ˅˃˃ˋΙ᛺ض֮ႂΔ˅˃˃ˉαΖʳ ု ˇΚ֮ຝઊ੡ֲء׌ጥ֮ඒ۩ਙհխ؇ຝᄎΖֲء۞ᖏ৵৬مᄅਙࢌ᧯ࠫאࠐΔط ࡴቛ׌ᖄऱഏ୮ਙ࿜ڂ९ཚ࠹ࠩاၴऱᔆጊΔᖄી ˅˃˃˄ ڣᖯءփᎹ៶ᖞࠓխ ؇ຝᄎิ៣հመ࿓Δڇٺຝᄎփຝᏺ๻ᑇۯطਙएٚࡎΰഏᄎᤜ୉ଫٚαऱ ៭౒Δၞ۩ല۩ਙ᧯ߓطࡴቛਐᖄ᠏ী੡ਙए׌ᖄऱ۩ਙޏ଀ΖࠉڼΔ֮ຝ ઊΕઝᖂݾ๬ᨚࡉ֮֏ᨚڇ ˅˃˃˄ ڣٽࠓΔޏጠ֮ຝઝᖂઊΖ֮ຝઊፖ֮ઝઊ հڗᆠ஁ฆΔೈ।قᖞࠓऱழၴរ؆Δڇए෻Ղٍז।ޏ଀ছ৵լٵऱᦞԺ ਮዌፖެ࿜᧯ߓΖʳ ု ˈΚψඒᙰω੡ֲءᖂீփԫጟ៭೭ᒳࠫΖࠉᖂீඒߛऄհ๵ࡳΔඒᙰএீ९່೏ ऱ᎖۸ृΔ᥆࣍ᖂீխၴጥ෻ၸᐋΖࠡࡳۯ੡Κᝊܗீ९Εᖞ෻ீ೭֗៭׹ ࠝ࿙˂ᖂسඒߛհࠃ೭ΰᖂீඒߛऄร ˅ˋ යร ˇ ႈαΔૉீ९ሖࠃழז෻ࠡ៭ ೭Εீ९נ౒ழঞ۩ࠌࠡ៭೭ΰٵऄร ˅ˋ යร ˈ ႈαΖ۟࣍ࠡ៭೭փ୲Δឈࠉ լٵᖂீයٙΕ๵ᑓ࿛ۖڶૉե஁ฆΔՕીۖߢץܶԱᖂீٺႈࠃ೭ऱਐᖄ ֗๵྽Δڕ׌਍ٺڤᄎᤜΕਐᖄඒஃऱඒᖂ֗ઔ฾੒೯Δא֗ਐᖄீփ᜔೭ ጥ෻֗ᄎૠࠃ೭࿛Ζʳ ု ˉΚچֱ։ᦞԫਔऄऱֲ֮଺ټ੡Κψچֱ։䊐圸ංၞ坜㤾坕圩坋圵䈅এऄ৳圸ᖞ ໂ圴圳圵䈅圣坕ऄ৳ωΖऴ᤟ᚨ੡Κψڶᣂ੡ᄷໂං۩چֱ։ᦞऱᣂຑऄ৳ᖞ ໂ࿛հऄ৳ωΔֲԳ១ጠ੡چֱ։ᦞԫਔऄΖഗ࣍ᇠऄ๵ࡳΔ෰௫چֱ։ᦞࠃ ೭ऱઌᣂऄ๵ڶ ˇˊˈ ຝႊၞ۩ଥऄΰץ֮ܶඒ۩ਙհ ˅˄ ຝαΙᇠऄֆؒ৵ֲء ཛࣔૡഏ୮֗چֱ۞एቸ᧯ߡۥࡳۯΕᐒַᖲᣂࡡٚࠃ೭Εᛀಘഏ୮ኙچֱ ऱե௫Εං۩ᦞԺՀ࣋࿛ֱٻၞ۩։ᦞޏ଀Ζʳ ု ˊΚᖂீᛜሎ࠰ᤜᄎΔֲ֮଺ټψ䝤ீሎ䧫࠰ᤜ㢸ωΔֲԳڶጠ੡چ഑ሎ䧫䝤ீΔ ࢨא૎᤟ጠ੡ ˶̂̀̀̈́˼̇̌ʳ̆˶˻̂̂˿ ृΔࡸڶᖂृאψ׼ԫীኪऱֆمᖂீω೚੡ ᇭᤩΰ႕സᕬΔ˄ˌˌˌαΖࠡխ࠰ᤜᄎԫဲএ੡ֲ֮ش፿Δრ৸൷२ψࡡ୉ᄎωΔ ۖࠌش ˶̂̀̀̈́˼̇̌ʳ̆˶˻̂̂˿ ԫဲএشא।ق࠰ᤜᄎਢطچ೴ࡺا֗୮९࿛ࢬิګ հრΖʳ

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