技職校院學生技術基本能力之調查研究-技職校院學生基本能力之調查研究

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NSC 98

2511

003 012 MY2

98

08

01

100

07

31

99

05

30

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10

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6 4.55

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Abstract

At present, the foundation of knowledge economy roots in manpower development and vocational colleges has been emphasized the combination of students’ general competencies as well as industrial needs. Therefore, vocational higher education plays a critical role in a knowledge economy society. This study aims to investigate domestic vocational colleges students’ general competencies in the field of mechanical technology, and the specific purposes are as follows: (1) to understand vocational colleges students’ general competencies; (2) to understand vocational colleges students’ general competencies in the field of mechanical technology; (3) to propose suggestions for improving mechanical technology education in domestic vocational colleges.

This study first discuss students’ general competencies, as the basis for further study design, and then using Delphi questionnaire approach to survey scholars’ and experts’ opinions for students’ general competencies, in order to understand vocational colleges graduates’ basic ability. Based on the statistical analysis, two results are found: (1) among 36 general competencies, the most important top ten competencies were: learning competency, problem solving, creation, team working competency, execution, verbal expressive skills, emotional management, frustration tolerance, time management skills, as well as active, positive capacity; (2) among 22 professional study of fields, assessing individually the importance of six required skills, of which the highest average is 4.55, and the lowest 2.21.

Key words: vocational education, mechanical technology, students’ general competencies, industrial needs

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1966 (Fachhochschulen) (CHEPS, 2005) 1991 ( AMK ) 3-4 1999 23,000

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learning how to learn

critical skills

general accepted attributes

National Qualifications Framework, NQF

Brennan 2001

36 competencies 36

general competencies / Queensland Board of Senior Secondary School Studies (2001)

2002

20

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/ 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 / 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 36 10 10 1 10 2 9 3...10 0 22 6 5 1

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20 98 12 20 20 100 36 7.45 0.00 10 7.45 5.85 3.80 3.75 3.65 3.25 2.95 2.95 2.80 2.75 2 2 36 01 20 7.45 3.79 1 09 20 5.85 3.15 2 10 20 3.80 3.62 3 04 20 3.75 3.96 4 29 20 3.65 3.33 5 08 20 3.25 3.27 6 33 20 2.95 3.15 7 25 20 2.95 2.95 8 30 20 2.80 3.78 9 11 20 2.75 3.68 10 13 20 2.55 3.68 11 19 20 2.20 2.76 12 30 20 1.75 2.43 13 02 20 1.45 3.20 14 07 20 1.35 3.00 15 05 20 1.10 2.25 16

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23 20 0.55 2.24 20 31 20 0.45 1.39 21 14 20 0.45 1.39 22 36 20 0.35 0.75 23 26 20 0.35 1.57 24 16 20 0.35 1.57 25 20 20 0.20 0.70 26 15 20 0.20 0.70 27 35 20 0.15 0.67 28 17 20 0.10 0.31 29 34 20 0.05 0.22 30 22 20 0.05 0.22 31 18 20 0.05 0.22 32 32 20 0.00 0.00 33 28 20 0.00 0.00 34 24 20 0.00 0.00 35 06 20 0.00 0.00 36 22 6 132 22*6 4.55 2.21 3 — — 20 4.55 1.00 1 — 20 4.55 1.23 1 — 20 4.55 0.94 1 — 20 4.50 1.00 4 — 20 4.50 1.28 4 — 20 4.45 1.10 6 — 20 4.45 1.23 6 — 20 4.45 0.94 6

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— 20 4.40 1.27 9 — 20 4.40 0.99 9 — 20 4.40 0.94 9 — 20 4.40 0.82 9 — 20 4.40 1.14 9 — 20 4.40 0.88 9 — 20 4.35 1.04 16 — 20 4.35 0.99 16 — 20 4.35 1.27 16 — 20 4.35 0.99 16 — 20 4.35 1.09 16 — 20 4.35 1.04 16 — 20 4.35 1.14 16 — 19 4.32 0.95 23 — 20 4.30 1.26 24 — 20 4.30 1.08 24 — 19 4.26 1.05 26 — 19 4.26 0.99 26 — 20 4.25 0.72 28 — 20 4.25 1.55 28 — 20 4.25 0.72 28 — 20 4.25 1.02 28 — 20 4.25 1.37 28 — 20 4.25 1.07 28 — 20 4.25 1.12 28 — 20 4.25 1.12 28 — 20 4.20 1.36 36 — 20 4.20 1.06 36 — 20 4.20 1.11 36 — 20 4.20 0.95 36 — 20 4.20 1.15 36 — 20 4.20 0.95 36 — 20 4.20 0.77 36 — 20 4.20 1.44 36 — 20 4.20 1.32 36 — 20 4.15 1.53 45

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— 20 4.10 0.97 47 — 20 4.05 1.50 49 — 20 4.05 1.05 49 — 20 4.05 1.54 49 — 20 4.05 1.28 49 — 20 4.00 0.97 53 — 20 4.00 1.26 53 — 20 4.00 1.03 53 — 20 4.00 1.21 53 — 20 4.00 0.86 53 — 20 4.00 1.30 53 — 20 4.00 1.08 53 — 20 3.95 1.10 60 — 20 3.95 1.23 60 — 20 3.90 1.12 62 — 20 3.90 1.12 62 — 20 3.90 1.21 62 — 20 3.90 1.02 62 — 20 3.90 1.07 62 — 20 3.90 0.72 62 — 20 3.90 0.97 62 — 20 3.85 1.04 69 — 20 3.85 1.46 69 — 20 3.85 1.09 69 — 20 3.85 1.31 69 — 20 3.85 1.09 69 — 20 3.85 1.23 69 — 19 3.84 1.07 75 — 20 3.80 1.01 76 — 20 3.80 1.01 76 — 20 3.80 0.83 76 — 20 3.80 1.15 76 — 20 3.75 1.07 80 — 20 3.75 1.02 80 — 20 3.75 1.21 80

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— 20 3.70 1.49 84 — 20 3.70 1.08 84 — 20 3.70 1.03 84 — 20 3.70 1.03 84 — 19 3.68 0.89 88 — 19 3.68 0.95 88 — 20 3.65 1.09 90 — 20 3.65 1.09 90 — 20 3.65 1.23 90 — 20 3.65 0.99 90 — 20 3.65 0.88 90 — 20 3.65 1.18 90 — 19 3.63 1.12 96 — 20 3.60 1.35 97 — 20 3.60 1.23 97 — 20 3.60 0.99 97 — 20 3.60 1.05 97 — 20 3.60 1.27 97 — 19 3.58 1.02 102 — 20 3.55 1.05 103 — 20 3.55 1.05 103 — 19 3.53 1.02 105 — 19 3.53 0.96 105 — 20 3.50 1.10 107 — 20 3.50 1.00 107 — 20 3.50 1.10 107 — 19 3.47 1.39 110 — 20 3.45 1.10 111 — 20 3.40 1.39 112 — 20 3.35 1.31 113 — 20 3.35 1.04 114 — 20 3.30 1.26 115 — 19 3.26 1.37 116 — 19 3.26 1.37 116 — 20 3.25 1.12 118 — 19 3.16 1.26 119

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— 20 3.15 1.35 122 — 20 3.15 0.99 122 — 20 3.15 0.93 122 — 20 3.10 0.79 125 — 20 3.10 0.97 125 — 19 2.89 1.33 127 — 20 2.80 1.24 128 — 19 2.68 1.06 129 — 19 2.58 1.26 130 — 19 2.26 1.37 131 — 19 2.21 1.36 132 2002

Brennan, J., Johnston, B., Little, B., Shah, T., Woodley, A. (2001). The employment of UK graduates: Comparisons with Europe and Japan. Bristol: Higher Education Funding Council for England.

CHEPS (2005). Institutional Profiles: Towards a typology of higher education institutions in Europe. The Author.

Makinen, R., Korhonen, K & R. Valkonen (1999). Transition from polytechnics to work in Finland – Employment and Income. Paper presented at the European Conference on Educational Research, Lahti, Finland 22-25 September 1999. Queensland Board of Senior Secondary School Studies (2001). Key

competencies supplementary statement for engineering technology. Queensland: the Author.

2009 8 1

“ The consensus and inconsistency of the key competencies in undergraduate engineering education- a Delphi approach IGIP-SEFI 2010

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1 10 1 2 3…10 01. 02. 03. 04. 05. 06. 07. 08. 09. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36.

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22 5 1 4 3 5 3 4 2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

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