舒曼鋼琴作品二十六號《維也納狂歡節》詮釋報告

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(1)The Interpretation of《Faschingsschwank aus Wien, Op.26》 by Robert Schumann. : : 101. 3.

(2) 摘要 本詮釋報告之研究主題為德國鋼琴作曲家舒曼(Robert Schumann, 1810-56) 於 1839 年完成的鋼琴作品二十六號《維也納狂歡節》 (Faschingsschwank aus Wien, Op. 26, 1839)。 舒曼七歲時由管風琴老師孔曲(J. G. Kuntsch, 1775-1855)啟蒙,從 1828 年開始 ,結識了後來成為他妻子的克拉 拜師費德利希.維克(Friedrich Wieck, 1785-1873) 拉(Clara Wieck, 1819-1896),她雖然小了舒曼 9 歲,但卻有著不凡的琴藝,經常演 奏舒曼的作品,而舒曼的創作靈感也時常來自於克拉拉。 1838 年舒曼到維也納尋找出版《新音樂雜誌》的機會,此首作品是他在這段 期 間 所 創 作 的 。 舒 曼原 稱 此 曲 為 「 一 首 偉大 的 浪 漫 奏 鳴 曲 」( Grande sonate romantique),後來正式命名為《維也納狂歡節》。 這首個性小品共有五首樂曲,每一段都有標題及不同的主題,使用的曲式結 構明確,有輪旋曲、三段式、兩段式及奏鳴曲式等形式。 本詮釋報告分為六章:第一章為緒論,說明研究動機與目的,及研究的範圍 與方法;第二章介紹舒曼的生平、成長背景及鋼琴作品;第三章說明舒曼鋼琴音 樂風格;第四章介紹作品二十六的創作背景及結構剖析;第五章則探討各曲的速 度變化、旋律線條、段落性格及演奏詮釋;第六章將樂曲的創作經由分析、探討、 詮釋並歸納出結語。. 關鍵字:舒曼、 維也納狂歡節 i.

(3) Summary The thesis of this interpretation is Robert Schumann’s Faschingsschwank aus Wien, Op. 26, which was composed in 1838-41. Schumann was initially inspired by his organ master, J. G. Kuntsch. When receiving the instruction of music from Friedrich Wieck in 1828, he met Clara Wieck, who became his wife . She demonstrated remarkable performance skills of the piano and frequently played Schumann’s works. More often than not, Schumann drew inspiration from Clara. In 1838, Schumann went to Vienna and sought for chances to release the work, Neue Leipziger Zeitschrift fur Musik, which he composed in this period. Schumann called. this. piece. Grande. sonate. romantique. originally,. but. renamed. it. Faschingsschwank aus Wien afterward. This character piece comprises five pieces, and each section has different titles and themes. The structure of this piece is very explicit, which includes Rondo form, Ternary form, Binary form, and Sonata form. This paper has 6 chapters. Chapter Ⅰ is the introduction, which explains the motive, the purpose, the range and the method of this research. Chapter Ⅱ is the background of Schumann and his piano works. Chapter Ⅲ explains the composition style of Schumann’s piano works. Then chapter Ⅳ introduced the composition background and analyzed the structure of this work, Op. 26. Then chapter Ⅴ discussed the tempo change of each piece, the melody line, the character of each section, and the interpretation of performance. Final chapter concluded the composition by analyzed, discussed, and interpreted. Keyword:Robert Schumann、 Faschingsschwank aus Wien, Op. 26, 1839. ii.

(4) 誌謝 本詮釋報告承蒙林淑真教授悉心的指導及修正,終於到了提交的這一天。 回想起開始撰文的時刻,我總是不知所措的望著很多影印資料及電子檔案, 而當我試著想從鋼琴詮釋上找到一些頭緒時,又發覺自己無法將樂曲的知識背景 及實際彈奏確切的連接,更別說是能正確的詮釋音樂。但幸好我的指導老師林淑 真教授就像是遠處的燈塔一般,用不曾停歇的燈光,指引我這艘海上迷途的航船。 老師不僅是位嚴師,更像是我的慈母。在上課時,她總是用謹慎的態度,一 字一句的審核報告中語意不清或者是沒有根據的言論;在教導我演奏時,也常常 不厭其煩的為我示範正確的彈奏方式,引導我思考樂曲的內涵進而詮釋,不讓我 做一個只會模仿的樂匠;而在課間休息時,老師也時常關心我的生活細節,尤其 是對目前職場生涯的經驗提點,可謂受用無窮。 在完成詮釋報告的當下,回想起這段歲月的學習歷程,一股溫暖湧上心頭, 伴隨著加深加廣的音樂知識及彈奏技巧,將帶給我人生更光明璀璨的陽光。而我 對林淑真老師的感謝已無法言喻,期許自己將來能用正確的思考及正向的人生態 度在社會上立足,來表達我對恩師的深深敬意。 最後,感謝父母對我的支持;謝謝佳音、詩亭提供了我很多撰文與租借場地 的協助;謝謝逸群、鉦貽幫我檢視了報告內容的格式與英文文法的正確性。 感謝所有出現在我生命中的貴人,期盼努力的成果能像花朵一般的綻放,開 在我所栽種的音樂之樹上,持續向下紮根、往上茁壯。. 陳約彤. 謹識. 2012 年 3 月. iii.

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(6) 目錄 摘要································································································································································i 謝誌·····························································································································································iii 目錄·····························································································································································v 譜目錄·························································································································································vi 表目錄························································································································································xii 第一章. 緒論······································································································································1. 第二章. 生平與作品·······················································································································3. 第一節. 生平·································································································································3. 第二節. 作品······························································································································12. 第三章. 舒曼鋼琴作品···············································································································15. 第一節. 個性小品···················································································································15. 第二節. 鋼琴作品特徵········································································································18. 第四章. 《維也納狂歡節》······································································································25. 第一節. 第一樂章《快板》(Allegro)···········································································26. 第二節. 第二樂章《羅曼史》(Romanze)···································································31. 第三節. 第三樂章《詼諧曲》(Scherzino)································································33. 第四節. 第四樂章《間奏曲》(Intermezzo)······························································37. 第五節. 第五樂章《終曲》(Finale)···········································································40. 第五章. 《維也納狂歡節》彈奏法詮釋············································································· 47. 第一節. 性格與變化··············································································································47. 第二節. 線條與處理··············································································································65. 第三節. 觸鍵····························································································································79. 第六章. 結語································································································································· 89. 參考文獻················································································································································· 97. v.

(7) 譜目錄 【譜例 3-1】 《維也納狂歡節》 , 《快板》 ,第 294-301 小節················································ 18 【譜例 3-2】 《蝴蝶》 ,終曲,第 1-8 小節·················································································· 18 【譜例 3-3】 《阿貝格變奏曲》 ,第 1-2 小節············································································· 19 【譜例 3-4】 《克拉拉.威克主題即興曲》 ,第 1-8 小節·······················································20 【譜例 3-5】 《七首賦格式作品》 ,第 1-4 小節··········································································20 【譜例 3-6】 《蝴蝶》第三首,第 8-26 小節··············································································21 【譜例 3-7】 《交響練習曲》第二變奏,第 1-2 小節······························································21 【譜例 3-8】 《交響練習曲》第二變奏,第 2-3 小節······························································21 【譜例 3-9】 《幻想曲》 ,第 15-18 小節·························································································22 【譜例 3-10】 《幻想曲》 ,第 82-88 小節·······················································································22 【譜例 3-11】 《阿貝格變奏曲》 ,第 48-51 小節········································································22 【譜例 3-12】 《交響練習曲》變奏一,第 14-16 小節····························································23 【譜例 3-13】 《交響練習曲》變奏七,第 13-17 小節····························································23 【譜例 3-14】 《交響練習曲》主題,第 13-15 小節·································································23 【譜例 3-15】 《第二號鋼琴奏鳴曲》 ,第 40-44 小節·······························································23 【譜例 4-1】《維也納狂歡節》,第一樂章,第 1-4 小節·····················································26 【譜例 4-2】《維也納狂歡節》,第一樂章,第 25-33 小節················································27 【譜例 4-3】《維也納狂歡節》,第一樂章,第 88-93 小節················································27 【譜例 4-4】《維也納狂歡節》,第一樂章,第 150-158 小節···········································28 【譜例 4-5】《維也納狂歡節》,第一樂章,第 146-260 小節···········································28 【譜例 4-6】《維也納狂歡節》,第一樂章,第 253-260 小節···········································29 【譜例 4-7】《維也納狂歡節》,第一樂章,第 343-350 小節···········································29 【譜例 4-8】《維也納狂歡節》,第一樂章,第 469-473 小節···········································29 【譜例 4-9】《維也納狂歡節》,第一樂章,第 489-503 小節···········································30 vi.

(8) 【譜例 4-10】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 512-519 小節········································30 【譜例 4-11】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 542-549 小節········································30 【譜例 4-12】《維也納狂歡節》, 第二樂章, 第 1-4 小節··················································31 【譜例 4-13】《維也納狂歡節》, 第二樂章, 第 13-21 小節·············································31 【譜例 4-14】《維也納狂歡節》, 第二樂章, 第 17-25 小節·············································32 【譜例 4-15】《維也納狂歡節》, 第三樂章, 第 1-8 小節··················································33 【譜例 4-16】《維也納狂歡節》, 第三樂章, 第 17-28 小節·············································33 【譜例 4-17】《維也納狂歡節》, 第三樂章, 第 47-73 小節·············································34 【譜例 4-18】《維也納狂歡節》, 第三樂章, 第 66-82 小節·············································35 【譜例 4-19】《維也納狂歡節》, 第三樂章, 第 91-107 小節··········································35 【譜例 4-20】《維也納狂歡節》, 第三樂章, 第 116-128 小節········································36 【譜例 4-21】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 1-5 小節·················································37 【譜例 4-22】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 8-11 小節···············································38 【譜例 4-23】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 16-23 小節············································38 【譜例 4-24】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 24-27 小節············································39 【譜例 4-25】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 38-45 小節············································39 【譜例 4-26】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 1-31 小節··············································40 【譜例 4-27】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 24-39 小節············································41 【譜例 4-28】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 25-46 小節············································42 【譜例 4-29】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 47-58 小節············································42 【譜例 4-30】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 71-83 小節············································43 【譜例 4-31】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 90-95 小節············································43 【譜例 4-32】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 115-121 小節········································43 【譜例 4-33】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 129-142 小節········································44 【譜例 4-34】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章再現部第二主題,第 183-196 小節········45 【譜例 4-35】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章呈示部第二主題,第 47-52 小節·············45 vii.

(9) 【譜例 4-36】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 247-270 小節········································45 【譜例 4-37】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 247-270 小節········································46 【譜例 5-1】 《維也納狂歡節》,第一樂章,第 1-25 小························································47 【譜例 5-2】 《維也納狂歡節》 ,第一樂章,第 26-40 小節·················································48 【譜例 5-3】 《維也納狂歡節》 ,第一樂章,第 89-128 小節···············································48 【譜例 5-4】 《維也納狂歡節》 ,第一樂章,第 189-223 小節············································49 【譜例 5-5】 《維也納狂歡節》 ,第一樂章,第 290-303 小節············································50 【譜例 5-6】 《維也納狂歡節》 ,第一樂章,第 404-423 小節············································51 【譜例 5-7】《維也納狂歡節》,第二樂章,第 1-8 小節·····················································52 【譜例 5-8】 《維也納狂歡節》 ,第二樂章,第 13-19 小節·················································52 【譜例 5-9】 《維也納狂歡節》 ,第二樂章,第 20-25 小節·················································53 【譜例 5-10】《維也納狂歡節》, 第三樂章, 第 1-8 小節·················································53 【譜例 5-11】《維也納狂歡節》, 第三樂章, 第 15-21 小節············································54 【譜例 5-12】《維也納狂歡節》, 第三樂章, 第 62-82 小節············································54 【譜例 5-13】《維也納狂歡節》, 第三樂章, 第 116-128 小節·······································55 【譜例 5-14】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 16-23 小節············································56 【譜例 5-15】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 24-31 小節············································56 【譜例 5-16】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 24-39 小節·············································58 【譜例 5-17】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 53-58 小節·············································58 【譜例 5-18】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 135-142 小節········································59 【譜例 5-19】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 278-291 小節········································59 【譜例 5-20】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 1-25 小節···············································65 【譜例 5-21】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 89-96 小節·············································66 【譜例 5-22】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 97-128 小節··········································66 【譜例 5-23】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 145-168 小節········································67 【譜例 5-24】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 255-270 小節········································68 viii.

(10) 【譜例 5-25】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 269-276 小節········································68 【譜例 5-26】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 279-285 小節········································68 【譜例 5-27】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 292-305 小節········································69 【譜例 5-28】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 327-342 小節········································69 【譜例 5-29】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 343-350 小節········································69 【譜例 5-30】《梅呂哀舞曲》的中段第 1-8 小節····································································70 【譜例 5-31】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 413-427 小節········································70 【譜例 5-32】《維也納狂歡節》, 第二樂章, 第 13-21 小節·············································71 【譜例 5-33】《維也納狂歡節》, 第三樂章, 第 29-52 小節·············································72 【譜例 5-34】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 8-11 小節···············································73 【譜例 5-35】《維也納狂歡節》, 第四樂章, 第 24-31 小節·············································74 【譜例 5-36】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 6-17 小節···············································75 【譜例 5-37】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 24-31 小節·············································75 【譜例 5-38】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 59-64 小節·············································76 【譜例 5-39】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 149-168 小節········································77 【譜例 5-40】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 259-266 小節········································77 【譜例 5-41】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 271-284 小節········································78 【譜例 5-42】《維也納狂歡節》, 第五樂章, 第 301-321 小節········································78 【譜例 5-43】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章, 第 1-8 小節··················································79 【譜例 5-44】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章,第 26-32 小節··············································79 【譜例 5-45】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章,第 89-96 小節··············································80 【譜例 5-46】《維也納狂歡節》, 第一樂章,第 153-158 小節·········································80. ix.

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